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The relationship of using gadget with negatif behavior of elementary

school children in Malang, Indonesia

Richi Aditya, MD; Ariani, MD, PAED (C)

Brawijaya University, Saiful Anwar General Hospital +6285646303333


The existence of gadget is like the two sides of a coin. On one side, it brings benefits to our life, but on
the other side, it facilitates negative impacts to its users. This study aimed to investigate the negatif
behavior effect of playing gadget of elementary school children in Malang, Indonesia. Information
regarding characteristic of playing gadget was collected via a self-administered questionnaire attending 2
elementary school (categorized according to urban or rural areas). This study included 355 subjects. The
mean (±SD) of age start using gadget was 2.63±0.548 y.o. Overall, 29.8% subjects had started using
gadget in 2 until 5 y.o, 66.8% were more than 5 y.o and 3.4% were under 2 y.o. A total of 100% of
subjects reported to be using gadgets. In addition, 13.5% of the subjects reported >2 hours/day of total
gadgets usage duration, exceeding the international recommendation of <2 hours/day of screen time. The
statistically data (logistic multinomial regression) show that earlier age using gadget had bad impact in
behavior (p < 0.000) and children who like to watch movies have the greatest tendency that is 7.78 times
behave negatively than children who play with more than 2 types of games (football and puzzles game).
This suggests that, the trend of earlier using gadget (particularly spending a lot time playing tech devices
or screen viewing) which may contribute to negatif behavior.
Keywords: gadget, behavior, child, screen viewing

Themes: Behavioral Risk Factors

University of Brawijaya Malang. Before joining University. Contact information: Karangduren Road. University of Brawijaya. LinkedIn: Richi Aditya Twitter: @richi_aditya07 LinkedIn: Richi Aditya Category: Oral Presentation Name for the Certificate: Richi Aditya. Faculty of Medicine. Twitter: richi_aditya07. Name: Richi Aditya 2. MD . Richi worked as General practitioner at Public Health Center Loksado in South Borneo. Biography 1. Name for the Certificate: Richi 2014. Contact Information: Faculty of Medicine. Indonesia Biography: Since joining the University of Brawijaya and Saiful Anwar General Hospital. Richi Aditya has studied as Pediatric Resident in Saiful Anwar General Hospital. Richi Aditya has been involved with studies related to become pediatrician. Since 2016. East Java Indonesia Telp: +628564630333 Email: richiaditya@gmail. 3 no 13 Malang-East Java Indonesia. +341803232/+6285646303333. MD Biography: Richi Aditya Pediatric Resident. Malang. Institution: Pediatric Resident /Saiful Anwar General Hospital/Brawijaya University/Indonesia 3. Veteran road Malang. Category: Oral presentation 5.