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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

INTRODUCTION TO DATA COMMUNICATIONS


CHAPTER 21 AND NETWORKING

# DEFINITIONS TERMS

Information that is stored in digital form.


1) Information that has been processed, organized and Data
stored.

Information
2) Knowledge or intelligence.

3) The transmission, reception, and processing of digital Data Communications


information.

It is to transfer digital information from one place to Data Communications


4)
another. Circuit

5) A set of devices interconnected by media links. Network

Systems of interrelated computers and computer


Data Communications
6) equipment and can be as simple as a personal
Networks
computer connected together through the PTN

7) Automatic teller machine ATM

When was one of the earliest means of communicating


8) 1753
electrically coded information occurred?

In 1833, he developed an unusual system based on a five-by-


9) five matrix representing 25 letters. The idea Carl Friedrich Gauss
was to send message over a single wire.

The first successful data communications that was


10) Telegraph
invented in 1832. Dots and Dashes

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He invented the first practical data communications


11) Samuel F.B. Morse
code which is called Morse Code.

1. Sir Charles
12) Allegedly invented the first telegraph in England. Wheatstone
2. Sir William Cooke
In 1874, he invented the telegraph multiplexer
which Emile allowed up to six different telegraph machines to
13) be
Emile Baudot
transmitted simultaneously over a single wire.

14) Telephone
It was invented in 1875 by Alexander Graham Bell

15) He succeeded in sending radio telegraph Guglielmo Marconi


messages.

16) The only means of sending information across Telegraph


large spans of water until 1920.

17) A German engineer, demonstrated a computing machine Konrad Zuis


sometime in the late 1930s.

18) J. Presper Eckert


Developed the ENIAC computer on Feb. 14, 1946
John Mauchley

19) A technique that process one job at a time. Batch Processing

20) Built in 1951 by Remington Rand Corp., was the


UNIVAC Computer
First mass-produced electronic computer.

A public data communications network used by


21) Internet
millions of people all over the world to exchange
business and personal information.

Private data communications networks used by


22) Intranet
many companies to exchange information
among employees and resources.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Any system of computers, computer terminals or


Data Communications
23) computer peripheral equipment used to transmit
Network
and receive information between two or more l
ocations.

A set of equipment, transmission media and procedures


24) that ensures that a specific sequence of events occurs
Network Architecture
in a network in the proper order to produce the
intended results.

25) Messages are intended for all subscribers on the Broadcasting


network.

26) Messages are intended for a specific group of


Multicasting
subscribers.

27) Defines the procedures that the systems involved in the Protocols
communications process will use.

28) Sets of rules governing the orderly exchange of data Data Communications
within the network or a portion of the network. Protocols

29) The list of the protocols used by a system. Protocol Stack

30) Layered Network


It consists of two or more independent levels.
Architecture

31) A logical connection is established between the Connection Oriented


endpoints prior to the transmission of data. or Connectionless

They are designed to provide a high degree of


32) Connection-Oriented
reliability for data moving through the network.
Protocol

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

A connection process that occurs between two stations


before any data are actually transmitted.
33) Another terms: Handshake
Sessions
Virtual circuits
logical connections

It refers to the structure or format of the data within the


34) message, which includes the sequence in which the Syntax
data are sent.

Guidelines that have been generally accepted by the


data communications industry. Data Communications
35) Types of standards: Standards
Proprietary system -open
open system

36) Generally controlled and manufactured


Proprietary Standard
by one company.

37) The international organization or standardization on a International Standards


wide range of subjects. Organization (ISO)

American National
38) The member of ISO from the United States. Standard
Institute (ANSI)

It is formerly CCITT, one of four permanent parts International


39) is based in Geneva, Switzerland. Telecommunications
Union

40) Modem interfaces and data transmission over the


V series
telephone lines.

41) Data transmission over public digital Network,


X series
e-mail and directory services.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

An international professional organization founded in


Institute of Electrical &
the United States and is comprised
42) IEEE)and Electronics
of electronics, computer and communications
Engineers
engineers.

A non-profit U.S. trade association that establishes and Electronics Industry


43) recommends industrial standards. Association (EIA)

The leading trade association in the communications Telecommunications


44) and information technology industry. Industry Association

45) The research arm of the Department of Defense Advanced Research


in 1957. Projects Agency (ARPA)

A large international community of network designers,


operators, vendors and researches concerned with the Internet Engineering
46) evolution of the internet architecture and the smooth Task Force (IETF)
operation of the internet.

It promotes research of importance to the evolution of


Internet Research Task
47) the future Internet by creating focused, long term and
Force (IRTF)
small research groups working on topics related to
internet protocols.

48) Protocol data Unit


A unit of data.
(PDU)

49) The process of adding and removing the PDU Encapsulation/


information. decapsulation

It means to place in a capsule or other protected


50) Encapsulate
environment.

51) Decapsulate
It means to remove from a capsule or other protected
environment.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Service Access Point


52) Defines which entity the service is intended. (SAP)

The name for the set of standards for


communicatingamong computers

Seven OSI layers: Open Systems


application Interconnection
53) presentation (OSI)
session
transport
network
data link
physical

Responsible for the actual propagation of unstructured


54) Physical Layer
data bits through a transmission medium.

Responsible for providing error-free communications


55) across the physical link connecting primary and
Data Link Layer
secondary stations within a network.

Provides details that enable data to be routed between


56) devices in an environment using multiple networks, Network Layer
subnetwork, or both.

Controls and ensures the end-to-end integrity of the


57) data message propagated through the network
Transport Layer
between two devices, which provides reliable,
transparent transfer of data between two endpoints.

58) Responsible for network availability. Session Layer

Provides independence to the application processes by


59) addressing any code or syntax conversion necessary to
Presentation Layer
present the data to the network in a common
communications format.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

60) It provides distributed information services and controls


Application Layer
the sequence of activities within an application.

61) An endpoint where subscribers gain access to Station


the circuit.
Another term of station which is the location of
62) computers, computer terminals, workstations and Node
other digital computing equipment.

63) Interconnects digital computer equipment. Facilities

64) Source
Provides means to enter data from humans.

Encodes a wireless radio system without being


65) Transmitter
converted to analog first.

Carries the encoded signals from the transmitter


66) Transmission
to the receiver.
Medium
Converts the encoded signals received from the
67) Receiver
transmission medium back to their original form.

68) It could be a mainframe computer, personal computer


Destination
workstation or virtually any piece of digital equipment

A type of transmission where all four bits can be Parallel by Bit or


69) transmitted simultaneously during the time of a single Serial by Character
clock pulse.

70) Transmission where four clock pulses are required to


Serial by Bit
transmit the entire four-bit code.

71) Two-Point
It involves only two locations or stations
Configuration

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72) Multi-point
It involves three or more stations.
Configuration

73) Data transmission is unidirectional where information Simplex


can be sent in only one direction.

74) Also called Receive-Only, Transmit Only or One-way- Simplex Lines


only Lines

Data transmission is possible in both directions but not at


the same time.
75) Half Duplex
Another term:
two way alternate lines
either way lines

Transmission are possible in both directions


two stations. simultaneously , but they must be between
same
76) Full Duplex
Another terms;
Two-way simultaneous
duplex
both-way lines

Transmission is possible in both directions at the same


77) time but not between the same two stations. It is
Full/Full Duplex
possible only on multipoint circuits.

78) The process of sharing resources between computers Networking


over a data communications network.

79) The manual technique of moving data on disks. Sneaker Net

Computers that hold shared files, programs and the


80) network operating system. Servers

81) Computers that access and use the network and Client
shared network resources.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

82) The facilities used to interconnect computers in a Transmission Media


network.

83) Data that file servers provide to clients. Shared Data

Shared Printers and


84) Hardware resources provided to the users of the other
network by servers. peripherals

An expansion card and prepares and sends data, Network Interface Card
85) receives data and controls data flow between the (NIC)
computer and the network.

Allows personal computers to access files, print to a Local Operating System


86) local printer and have and use one or more disk and (LOS)
CD drives that are located on the computer.

A program that runs on computers and servers that Network Operating


87) allows the computers to communicate over a network. System (NOS)

88) Peer - to - Peer Client/


One in which all computers share their resources.
Server Network

One computer is designated the server and the rest of Dedicated


90) the computers are clients. Client/Server
Network

91) Describes the layout or appearance of a network. Network Topology

92) Describes how the network is actually laid out Physical Topology

93) Describes how data actually flow through the network


Logical Topology

A multipoint data communications network where


94) Star Topology
remote stations are connected by cable segments
directly to a central located computer.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

A multipoint data communications circuit that makes it


95) relatively simple to control data flow between and Bus Topology
among the computers.

A multipoint data communications network where all


96) stations are interconnected in tandem to form a closed Ring Topology
loop or circle.

97) Every station has a direct two-point communications


Mesh Topology
linkto every other station on the circuit.

98) Combining two or more of the traditional topologies to Hybrid Topology


form a larger, more complex topology.

Local Area Networks


99) Privately own networks in which 10 to 40 compute share
(LANs)
data resources with one or more file server.

A high-speed network similar to a LAN except the are Metropolitan Area


100) designed to encompass larger areas, usually that of Networks (MANs)
an entire city.

Provides low-speed, long distance transmission of data


Wide Area Network
101) voice, and video information over large and widely WAN)
dispersed geographical areas such as country or an
entire continent. It interconnects cities or states.

102) Bit rate of WANs. 1.5 Mbps-2.4 Gbps

Global Area Network


103) Provides connects between countries around the entire
(GANs)
globe.

104) A network connection that normally carries traffic Building Backbone


between departmental LANs within a single company.

105) A network connection used to carry traffic to and from Campus Backbone
LANs located in various buildings on campus.
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Developed by Department of Defense, comprise of


106) TCP/IP Protocol Suite
several interactive modules that provide specific
functionality.

107) Internet layer/


The network layer of TCP/IP.
Internet work Layer
Transmission Control
(UDP)
108) Transport layer of TCP/IP. User datagram Protocol
Protocol (TCP)

109) Provides a means of physically delivering data


Network Access Layer
packets using frames or cells.

110) Contains information that pertains to how data Internet Layer


can be routed through the network.

111) Services the process and internet layers to handle the


Host-to-Host Layer
reliability and session aspects of data transmission.

112) Provides applications support.


Process Layer

Defines a three layer logical hierarchy that specifies


where things belong, how they fit together and what
functions go where.
Cisco Three-Layer
113) Model
Three layers:
Core layer
Distribution layer
access layer

114) The core of the network as it resides at the top of the


Core Layer
hierarchy and is responsible for transporting large
amounts of data traffic reliably and quickly.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

The communications point between the access and


115) the core layers that provides routing , filtering, WAN Distribution Layer
access and how data packets are allowed to access
the core layer.

116) Another term for Distribution layer Workgroup Layer

117) Controls workgroup and individual user access to Access Layer


internetworking resources.

118) Another term for Access layer. Desktop Layer

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