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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi




Information that is stored in digital form.

1) Information that has been processed, organized and Data

2) Knowledge or intelligence.

3) The transmission, reception, and processing of digital Data Communications


It is to transfer digital information from one place to Data Communications

another. Circuit

5) A set of devices interconnected by media links. Network

Systems of interrelated computers and computer

Data Communications
6) equipment and can be as simple as a personal
computer connected together through the PTN

7) Automatic teller machine ATM

When was one of the earliest means of communicating

8) 1753
electrically coded information occurred?

In 1833, he developed an unusual system based on a five-by-

9) five matrix representing 25 letters. The idea Carl Friedrich Gauss
was to send message over a single wire.

The first successful data communications that was

10) Telegraph
invented in 1832. Dots and Dashes

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

He invented the first practical data communications

11) Samuel F.B. Morse
code which is called Morse Code.

1. Sir Charles
12) Allegedly invented the first telegraph in England. Wheatstone
2. Sir William Cooke
In 1874, he invented the telegraph multiplexer
which Emile allowed up to six different telegraph machines to
13) be
Emile Baudot
transmitted simultaneously over a single wire.

14) Telephone
It was invented in 1875 by Alexander Graham Bell

15) He succeeded in sending radio telegraph Guglielmo Marconi


16) The only means of sending information across Telegraph

large spans of water until 1920.

17) A German engineer, demonstrated a computing machine Konrad Zuis

sometime in the late 1930s.

18) J. Presper Eckert

Developed the ENIAC computer on Feb. 14, 1946
John Mauchley

19) A technique that process one job at a time. Batch Processing

20) Built in 1951 by Remington Rand Corp., was the

UNIVAC Computer
First mass-produced electronic computer.

A public data communications network used by

21) Internet
millions of people all over the world to exchange
business and personal information.

Private data communications networks used by

22) Intranet
many companies to exchange information
among employees and resources.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Any system of computers, computer terminals or

Data Communications
23) computer peripheral equipment used to transmit
and receive information between two or more l

A set of equipment, transmission media and procedures

24) that ensures that a specific sequence of events occurs
Network Architecture
in a network in the proper order to produce the
intended results.

25) Messages are intended for all subscribers on the Broadcasting


26) Messages are intended for a specific group of


27) Defines the procedures that the systems involved in the Protocols
communications process will use.

28) Sets of rules governing the orderly exchange of data Data Communications
within the network or a portion of the network. Protocols

29) The list of the protocols used by a system. Protocol Stack

30) Layered Network

It consists of two or more independent levels.

31) A logical connection is established between the Connection Oriented

endpoints prior to the transmission of data. or Connectionless

They are designed to provide a high degree of

32) Connection-Oriented
reliability for data moving through the network.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

A connection process that occurs between two stations

before any data are actually transmitted.
33) Another terms: Handshake
Virtual circuits
logical connections

It refers to the structure or format of the data within the

34) message, which includes the sequence in which the Syntax
data are sent.

Guidelines that have been generally accepted by the

data communications industry. Data Communications
35) Types of standards: Standards
Proprietary system -open
open system

36) Generally controlled and manufactured

Proprietary Standard
by one company.

37) The international organization or standardization on a International Standards

wide range of subjects. Organization (ISO)

American National
38) The member of ISO from the United States. Standard
Institute (ANSI)

It is formerly CCITT, one of four permanent parts International

39) is based in Geneva, Switzerland. Telecommunications

40) Modem interfaces and data transmission over the

V series
telephone lines.

41) Data transmission over public digital Network,

X series
e-mail and directory services.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

An international professional organization founded in

Institute of Electrical &
the United States and is comprised
42) IEEE)and Electronics
of electronics, computer and communications

A non-profit U.S. trade association that establishes and Electronics Industry

43) recommends industrial standards. Association (EIA)

The leading trade association in the communications Telecommunications

44) and information technology industry. Industry Association

45) The research arm of the Department of Defense Advanced Research

in 1957. Projects Agency (ARPA)

A large international community of network designers,

operators, vendors and researches concerned with the Internet Engineering
46) evolution of the internet architecture and the smooth Task Force (IETF)
operation of the internet.

It promotes research of importance to the evolution of

Internet Research Task
47) the future Internet by creating focused, long term and
Force (IRTF)
small research groups working on topics related to
internet protocols.

48) Protocol data Unit

A unit of data.

49) The process of adding and removing the PDU Encapsulation/

information. decapsulation

It means to place in a capsule or other protected

50) Encapsulate

51) Decapsulate
It means to remove from a capsule or other protected

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Service Access Point

52) Defines which entity the service is intended. (SAP)

The name for the set of standards for

communicatingamong computers

Seven OSI layers: Open Systems

application Interconnection
53) presentation (OSI)
data link

Responsible for the actual propagation of unstructured

54) Physical Layer
data bits through a transmission medium.

Responsible for providing error-free communications

55) across the physical link connecting primary and
Data Link Layer
secondary stations within a network.

Provides details that enable data to be routed between

56) devices in an environment using multiple networks, Network Layer
subnetwork, or both.

Controls and ensures the end-to-end integrity of the

57) data message propagated through the network
Transport Layer
between two devices, which provides reliable,
transparent transfer of data between two endpoints.

58) Responsible for network availability. Session Layer

Provides independence to the application processes by

59) addressing any code or syntax conversion necessary to
Presentation Layer
present the data to the network in a common
communications format.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

60) It provides distributed information services and controls

Application Layer
the sequence of activities within an application.

61) An endpoint where subscribers gain access to Station

the circuit.
Another term of station which is the location of
62) computers, computer terminals, workstations and Node
other digital computing equipment.

63) Interconnects digital computer equipment. Facilities

64) Source
Provides means to enter data from humans.

Encodes a wireless radio system without being

65) Transmitter
converted to analog first.

Carries the encoded signals from the transmitter

66) Transmission
to the receiver.
Converts the encoded signals received from the
67) Receiver
transmission medium back to their original form.

68) It could be a mainframe computer, personal computer

workstation or virtually any piece of digital equipment

A type of transmission where all four bits can be Parallel by Bit or

69) transmitted simultaneously during the time of a single Serial by Character
clock pulse.

70) Transmission where four clock pulses are required to

Serial by Bit
transmit the entire four-bit code.

71) Two-Point
It involves only two locations or stations

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

72) Multi-point
It involves three or more stations.

73) Data transmission is unidirectional where information Simplex

can be sent in only one direction.

74) Also called Receive-Only, Transmit Only or One-way- Simplex Lines

only Lines

Data transmission is possible in both directions but not at

the same time.
75) Half Duplex
Another term:
two way alternate lines
either way lines

Transmission are possible in both directions

two stations. simultaneously , but they must be between
76) Full Duplex
Another terms;
Two-way simultaneous
both-way lines

Transmission is possible in both directions at the same

77) time but not between the same two stations. It is
Full/Full Duplex
possible only on multipoint circuits.

78) The process of sharing resources between computers Networking

over a data communications network.

79) The manual technique of moving data on disks. Sneaker Net

Computers that hold shared files, programs and the

80) network operating system. Servers

81) Computers that access and use the network and Client
shared network resources.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

82) The facilities used to interconnect computers in a Transmission Media


83) Data that file servers provide to clients. Shared Data

Shared Printers and

84) Hardware resources provided to the users of the other
network by servers. peripherals

An expansion card and prepares and sends data, Network Interface Card
85) receives data and controls data flow between the (NIC)
computer and the network.

Allows personal computers to access files, print to a Local Operating System

86) local printer and have and use one or more disk and (LOS)
CD drives that are located on the computer.

A program that runs on computers and servers that Network Operating

87) allows the computers to communicate over a network. System (NOS)

88) Peer - to - Peer Client/

One in which all computers share their resources.
Server Network

One computer is designated the server and the rest of Dedicated

90) the computers are clients. Client/Server

91) Describes the layout or appearance of a network. Network Topology

92) Describes how the network is actually laid out Physical Topology

93) Describes how data actually flow through the network

Logical Topology

A multipoint data communications network where

94) Star Topology
remote stations are connected by cable segments
directly to a central located computer.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

A multipoint data communications circuit that makes it

95) relatively simple to control data flow between and Bus Topology
among the computers.

A multipoint data communications network where all

96) stations are interconnected in tandem to form a closed Ring Topology
loop or circle.

97) Every station has a direct two-point communications

Mesh Topology
linkto every other station on the circuit.

98) Combining two or more of the traditional topologies to Hybrid Topology

form a larger, more complex topology.

Local Area Networks

99) Privately own networks in which 10 to 40 compute share
data resources with one or more file server.

A high-speed network similar to a LAN except the are Metropolitan Area

100) designed to encompass larger areas, usually that of Networks (MANs)
an entire city.

Provides low-speed, long distance transmission of data

Wide Area Network
101) voice, and video information over large and widely WAN)
dispersed geographical areas such as country or an
entire continent. It interconnects cities or states.

102) Bit rate of WANs. 1.5 Mbps-2.4 Gbps

Global Area Network

103) Provides connects between countries around the entire

104) A network connection that normally carries traffic Building Backbone

between departmental LANs within a single company.

105) A network connection used to carry traffic to and from Campus Backbone
LANs located in various buildings on campus.
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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Developed by Department of Defense, comprise of

106) TCP/IP Protocol Suite
several interactive modules that provide specific

107) Internet layer/

The network layer of TCP/IP.
Internet work Layer
Transmission Control
108) Transport layer of TCP/IP. User datagram Protocol
Protocol (TCP)

109) Provides a means of physically delivering data

Network Access Layer
packets using frames or cells.

110) Contains information that pertains to how data Internet Layer

can be routed through the network.

111) Services the process and internet layers to handle the

Host-to-Host Layer
reliability and session aspects of data transmission.

112) Provides applications support.

Process Layer

Defines a three layer logical hierarchy that specifies

where things belong, how they fit together and what
functions go where.
Cisco Three-Layer
113) Model
Three layers:
Core layer
Distribution layer
access layer

114) The core of the network as it resides at the top of the

Core Layer
hierarchy and is responsible for transporting large
amounts of data traffic reliably and quickly.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

The communications point between the access and

115) the core layers that provides routing , filtering, WAN Distribution Layer
access and how data packets are allowed to access
the core layer.

116) Another term for Distribution layer Workgroup Layer

117) Controls workgroup and individual user access to Access Layer

internetworking resources.

118) Another term for Access layer. Desktop Layer

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