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18 2557

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:

(DRAFT) SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR CHEMICAL


LABORATORIES : GENERAL GUIDELINES ON PRINCIPLES, SYSTEMS,
AND SUPPORTING TECHNIQUES

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()
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1
1. 1
2. 2
3. 2
4. 2

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4.1 2

2
4.1.1 3
4.1.2 3


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7

4.2 3


4.2.1 3


4.2.2 4
4.3 4
4.3.1 4

4.3.2 5

4.3.3 6

4.3.4 7

4.3.5 9

4.3.6 11
4.3.7 12

4.4 13


4.5 13

14
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() :

()
:

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()


1.

1.1 () :

1.2 () :



)
(

3 . 1
() :

2.
() :


. 18001-2554 :
. 18004-2544 :

55
. 2276-2549

2
. 31000-2555
ISO Guide 51 : 1999 Safety aspects Guidelines for their inclusion in standards


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7


3.


() ()

:
3.1 (safety officer)

3.2 (hazardous waste)


3.3 (incident)

4.
4.1


)

(1)
(


(2)

3 . 2
() :

4.1.1


7

4.1.2

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18

4.2.

4.2.1


-


-
)

- /

-

(checklists) (
)

3 . 3
() :

-
-
-

4.2.2

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18

4.3

4.3.1

(1)




)

1.
(


2.

3.

3 . 4
() :

(2)



1.

-

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-

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-


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-


-

2.


3.

4.3.2

(1)


CAS No.


-

)

-
(

(2) (Safety Data Sheet, SDS)




(3)
-
(chemical incompatibility)

3 . 5
() :

-
Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
-
-


-

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2
-


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- (compressed gases)


(cryogenic materials)

-

-

- explosion-safe

(4)

-

-
-
-
)

4.3.3
(


(1)
-

-
-

3 . 6
() :

(2)
-
-

-

-
-

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(3)


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-


-

-

(4)

4.3.4

(1)

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- (laboratory space) (non-
laboratory space)
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)

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-

- ( )

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() :

-


(2) :
-

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(3)


- (

(4)

-
-

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)


-
(

(fuse) (circuit
breaker)
-
-

3 . 8
() :

(5)
- /

-
-
-

-

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2
(6)
-


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-




- ()



(7)

- (manual fire alarm system)


-
-
-

-
)

4.3.5

(1)
-
-

3 . 9
() :

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- (antidote)
(2)
1.

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2.

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3.


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4.



5. (
)

-
vermiculite

6.

-
-
-
-
)

-

(

(3) (personal protective equipment,


PPE)


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(4)
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2.


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3.

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4.3.6

(1)

(2)

)

(3)

(4)

3 . 11
() :

4.3.7


-

-
-

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2

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(1)

-
-

()

(2)
(3)
(4) (PPE)
(5)
1.
)

2.
(

3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

3 . 12
() :

9.
10.
(6)



4.4

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(1)


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(2)

(3)

4.5





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3 . 13
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(checklists)

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3 . 14
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1.

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/
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1. /

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2. /






(
..........)

3.

.)

4.





)

3 . 15
() :

2.





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2.1

2
2.1.1
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1.



/



2.

(Bottle ID)

(Chemical name)
CAS no.


(.)

(Chemical volume/weight)


Grade

(Price)
(Chemical storage)
(Received
date)
/ (Supplier)
(Manufacturer)
)

. ( Expiry date)
(

3 . 16
() :

2.1.2 (Chemical inventory)


/


1.


2.

3.

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2

4.

18


CAS no. ()





2.1.3 (Clearance)
/

1.

2.1.4
/


1.

)

3 . 17
() :

2.2.
2.2.1
/


1.
(chemical incompatibility)
.
2. /
( )

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3.


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4.



5.

6.


7.

8. /

2.2.2

1.


2.
3.
20
4. 50

)

5.
(

2.2.3
/


1. ()

2.

3 . 18
() :

2.2.4
/


1.
2. guard

3.

4. 52 /

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2.2.5 (Oxidizers)


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1.


2. ( )

3.

2.2.6

1.
( )
2.

3.

)

4.
(

3 . 19
() :

2.2.7
/


1.

2.

3.

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2
2.2.8 (Safety Data Sheet, SDS)
/


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1. SDS




2. SDS

3. SDS


4. SDS 16

5. SDS

2.3 (Chemical transportation)


2.3.1



1.

2.

3.
)


4.
(

5.

6.

7.

8.

3 . 20
() :

2.3.2
/


1.

2.
3.

4.

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5.


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(

3 . 21
() :

3.

/

3.1
3.1.1
/

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1.

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/


2.



(Bottle ID)

(Waste volume/weight)

(Storage room)
(Storage building)

(Input date)
.



3.1.2
/



1.


2.

)

3.

4.




3 . 22
() :

3.1.3
/


1.

2.

3.2

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3.2.1

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/


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1.

3.2.2


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1. /

2.

3. /

4.


5.


6. 80%

7. /
8.
)

9.
10.
(

11.

12.

50

( 90 )

3 . 23
() :

3.3
/


1.
2.
3.
4.
Reuse

55
Recovery

2
Recycle
5.


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7


3.4


/


1. (Reduce)

2. (Replace)









)
(

3 . 24
() :

4.





4.1

55
/

2

1.


(/

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)
2. /




3. /
//

4.

()

3.00 .
2.60 .

5. (lab)

(nonLab)
6. //

7. //

8. //

9. ()

10. -
)

11.
12. (vision panel)
13.

14. (clearance)
0.60 .
1.50 .

3 . 25
() :

/


15.

16.

,
17.

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18.

2
(floor plan)


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7

(////


/ )


19.




4.2 : //

1. //

2. // 1.20
.

3. //


4.

5.

6. 1
)

7.

/
8.
(biosafety cabinet)
/
9.
(biosafety cabinet)

3 . 26
() :

4.3
/


1. /
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(

)
2.

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( )

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3.


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(


4. /


4.4

1.

2. /

3.


(.)


4.
5.
6.
7. (switchgear)
)

(fuse) (circuit breaker)



(

8. 1
9.

10.

3 . 27
() :

4.5
/


1. /

2.

3.

55
4.


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5.


4.6
/


1.

2.

3.



4.7



1. (manual fire alarm
system)
2.
(heat detector)
)

3.
(smoke detector)
(

4.
.
5. .
6. (portable fire
extinguisher)
7. (fire
hose cabinet)

3 . 28
() :

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8. /
()
9.

10.

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11.

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18

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)
(

3 . 29
() :

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5.1



5.1.1 (Hazard identification)


/


1. /


2.

3.

5.1.2 (Risk assessment)


1.




2.
,

(exposure route)
)

/

(

3 . 30
() :

5.1.3 (Risk management)


/


1.





//

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(decontamination)

2

2. (Risk reduction)


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/
/

.
3.

,
,


4.

OSHA

(

3 . 31
() :

5.1.4
/


1.



5.1.5

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5.2 /

5.2.1 /


1. ()

2.

5.2.2
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2.

3 . 32
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3. /
()





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4.

2

5. (


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)



chemical

spill -absorbent pillows vermiculite



5. (
)

()


6.
(, /)



)

3 . 33
() :

5.3
5.3.1 (Personal safety)
/


1. (Personal Protective
Equipments, PPE)

(face protection)
(eye protection)

55
(hand protection)

2
(foot protection)
(body protection)


18

7
(hearing protection)


(respiratory protection)

5.3.2

1.

3 . 34
() :

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2. /




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3.


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)
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3 . 35
() :

6.

/
/

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2.


SDS

3.





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)



SDS

3 . 36
() :

/


4.




5.

55
2

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)
(

3 . 37
() :

7.


55
1.

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(update)



2.



(SDS)

(SOP)

(
)

3 . 38
() :




-

-

55

2

(job description)


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-







)
(

3 . 39