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Week 2 THURSDAY

GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS (Pages 7-9)


Page 7 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
The simple present tense describes an action which is a habit or a custom, or something that is always true.

I work we work
you work you work
he works
she works they work
it works

Give the correct form of the present tense for the verb in parentheses.
1. She (read) the newspaper every day. She reads the newspaper every day.
2. We (come) to work by bus. We come to work by bus.
3. I always (walk) to the office. I always walk to the office.
4. We (play) cards every afternoon. We play cards every afternoon.
5. I (eat) lunch in the cafeteria every day. I eat lunch in the cafeteria every day.
6. Helen (work) very hard. Helen works very hard.
7. I (like) to sit in the sun. I like to sit in the sun.
8. The dog (chase) the cat all around the house. The dog chases the cat all around the house.
9. Mr. Smith (work) for a small airline. Mr. Smith works for a small airline.
10. Gene generally (sit) at this desk. Gene generally sits at this desk.
11. We always (play) tennis on Saturdays. We always play tennis on Saturdays.
12. We always (cook) dinner at home. We always cook dinner at home.
13. They (eat) lunch together every day. They eat lunch together every day.
14. Many employees (ride) the bus to work. Many employees ride the bus to work.
15. They (take) a lot of trips together. They take a lot of trips together.
16. We always (travel) by car. We always travel by car.
17. You (attend) class twice a week. You attend class twice a week.
18. He (speak) several foreign languages. He speaks several foreign languages.

Page 8 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


Add s to most verbs to form the third person singular.
Add es when the verb ends in o
go goes do does

Add es when the verb ends in sh, ch, s, x, or z


reach reaches wash washes fix fixes

When a verb ends in a consonant plus y, change the y to I and add es


study studies cry cries marry marries

Give the correct form of the present tense for the verb in parentheses.
1. Pat (go) there twice a week. Pat goes there twice a week.
2. Herb (do) the work of two people. Herb does the work of two people.
3. I always (try) to arrive everywhere on time. I always try to arrive everywhere on time.
4. George always (try) to do the same thing. George always tries to do the same thing.
5. The supervisor (wish) to speak with you. The supervisor wishes to speak with you.
6. Mr. Walker (teach) English and Mathematics. Mr. Walker teaches English and Mathematics.
7. They (go) to the movies twice a week. They go to the movies twice a week.
8. We (watch) television almost every night. We watch television almost every night.
9. Mary (play) the piano very well. Mary plays the piano very well.
10. He (study) in the same class as I. He studies in the same class as I.
11. My father (watch) soccer on TV every weekend. My father watches soccer on TV every weekend.
12. Susan (kiss) her children good-bye every morning. Susan kisses her children good-bye every morning.
13. I often (catch) cold. I often catch cold.
14. Helen also (catch) cold very often. Helen also catches cold very often.
15. She (do) all the work. She does all the work.
16. She (carry) her papers in a briefcase. She carries her papers in a briefcase.

Page 9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


B- Change the subject in each of the following sentences from "I" to "He". Use the correct form of the verb.
1. I like to read. He likes to read.
2. I teach science at a high school. He teaches science at a high school.
3. I work hard. He works hard.
4. I own a car. He owns a car.
5. I live in Toronto. He lives in Toronto
6. I enjoy each English class. He enjoys each English class
7. I want to learn French. He wants to learn French.
8. I have a new wristwatch. He has a new wristwatch
9. I speak Spanish. He speaks Spanish.
10. I wish to learn English. He wishes to learn English.
11. I read a book every night. He reads a book every night.
12. I pass Mr. Smith on the street every day. He passes Mr. Smith on the street every day.
13. I always go to work by bus. He always goes to work by bus.
14. I try to learn ten new words every day. He tries to learn then new words every day.
15. I do a lot of favors for Pauline. He does a lots of favors for Pauline
16. I play the violin very well. He plays the violin very well.
17. I have two brothers and two sisters. He has two brothers and two sisters.
18. I always sit at this desk. He always sits at his desk.
19. I do my homework assignments in the evening. He does my homework assignments in the evening.
20. I study English three times a week. He studies English three times a week.

C - Change the subject of each sentence in Exercise B to "They". Use the correct form of the verb.
1. I like to read. They like to read.
2. I teach science at a high school. They teach science at a high school.
3. I work hard. They work hard.
4. I own a car. They own a car.
5. I live in Toronto. They live in Toronto
6. I enjoy each English class. They enjoy each English class
7. I want to learn French. They want to learn French.
8. I have a new wristwatch. They have a new wristwatch.
9. I speak Spanish. They speak Spanish
10. I wish to learn English. They wish to learn English
11. I read a book every night. They read a book every night.
12. I pass Mr. Smith on the street every day. They pass Mr. Smith on the street every day.
13. I always go to work by bus. They always go to work by bus.
14. I try to learn ten new words every day. They try to learn ten new words every day.
15. I do a lot of favors for Pauline. They do a lot of favors for Pauline
16. I play the violin very well. They play the violin very well
17. I have two brothers and two sisters. They have two brothers and two sisters
18. I always sit at this desk. They always sit at this desk
19. I do my homework assignments in the evening. They do my homework assignments in the evening.
20. I study English three times a week. They study English three times a week

D - Change the subject of each sentence in Exercise B to "She". Use the correct form of the verb.
21. I like to read. She likes to read.
22. I teach science at a high school. She teaches science at a high school.
23. I work hard. She works hard.
24. I own a car. She owns a car.
25. I live in Toronto. She lives in Toronto
26. I enjoy each English class. She enjoys each English class
27. I want to learn French. She wants to learn French.
28. I have a new wristwatch. She has a new wristwatch
29. I speak Spanish. She speaks Spanish.
30. I wish to learn English. She wishes to learn English.
31. I read a book every night. She reads a book every night.
32. I pass Mr. Smith on the street every day. She passes Mr. Smith on the street every day.
33. I always go to work by bus. She always goes to work by bus.
34. I try to learn ten new words every day. She tries to learn then new words every day.
35. I do a lot of favors for Pauline. She does a lots of favors for Pauline
36. I play the violin very well. She plays the violin very well.
37. I have two brothers and two sisters. She has two brothers and two sisters.
38. I always sit at this desk. She always sits at his desk.
39. I do my homework assignments in the evening. She does my homework assignments in the evening.
40. I study English three times a week. She studies English three times a week.