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 Siemens AG 1999

 
 
     
  
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The following does not represent a complete list of all These instructions cannot provide detailed informa
the safety measures required for the operation of the tion on all product types or cover every conceivable
equipment (device, module) as certain operating method of assembly, operation or maintenance.
conditions may necessitate further measures.
If you require any further information, or if you experi
ence any problems not dealt with in detail in the sys
tem manual, please contact your local Siemens dealer
 
for assistance.

During the operation of electric equip    are persons who are familiar
ment, certain parts of the equipment will with the installation, assembly, commissioning and
always be subject to dangerous voltages. operation of the product and who have the relevant
Improper use can cause serious personal qualifications, such as, e.g.
injury or material damage.
D Training or instruction, i.e. authorization to switch
D Before setting up any electrical con electric circuits and devices/systems on and off,
nections, the PE terminal of the as well as disconnect, earth and mark said equip
equipment must be correctly earthed. ment in accordance with standard safety require
D All parts of the circuit linked to the ments.
power supply may be subject to dan D Training or instruction in the maintenance and im
gerous voltages. plementation of appropriate safety equipment in
D Equipment (capacitor storage) can still accordance with standard safety requirements.
be subject to dangerous voltages D First Aid training.
even after the supply voltage has
been disconnected.
D Open operation of current trans        
former circuits is not permitted. The product is herewith confirmed to comply with the
requirements set out in the Council Directive on the
D The threshold values specified in this Approximation of the Laws of the Member States
manual, i.e. operating instructions, relating to Electromagnetic Compatibility
must not be exceeded; this also (89/336/EEC) and the use of electrical equipment
applies to testing and commissioning. within certain voltage limits (the Low Voltage Direc
D Only competent persons are per tive 73/23/EEC).
mitted to operate this equipment. In This conformity has been tested by SIEMENS AG in
order to ensure the trouble-free and accordance with article 10 of the Directive which
safe operation of this equipment, it is complies with the basic specifications of EN 50081
essential that it is properly trans and EN 50082 for the EMC Directive and the basic
ported, as well as correctly stored, specifications of EN 60255-6 for the Low Voltage Di
assembled, operated and maintained. rective.
The device has been developed and manufactured for
industrial use to EMC standards.
The evaluation has been carried out in accordance
with the international standards of the IEC 255 series
and the national standards DIN 57 435 / Part 303
(corresponds to VDE 0435 / Part 303).

Siemens AG January 1999



     

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5.4 Configuring the protective functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 18


5.4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 18
5.4.2 Configuring the functional scope of the device - block 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 19
5.5 Marshalling of binary inputs, binary outputs and displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 20
5.5.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 20
5.5.2 Marshalling of the binary inputs - block 61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 22
5.5.3 Marshalling of signal relay - block 62 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 24
5.5.4 Marshalling of the LEDs - block 63 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 26
5.5.5 Marshalling of the command relays - block 64 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 28

  
                                                            
6.1 Safety measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2 Operating the device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2.1 Membrane keypad/Display panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2.2 Operation with a PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.2.3 Prerequisites for operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.2.4 Front view of the device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
6.3 Setting of function parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.3.1.1 Procedure for parameterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.3.1.2 Setting date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
6.3.2 Initial display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
6.3.3 System and station data - Block 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
6.3.4 Settings for the line differential protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 10
6.3.5 Settings for the pilot wire monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 14
6.3.6 Settings for the remote tripping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 15
6.3.7 Settings for tripping on receiving remote command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 16
6.4 Events (alarms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 17
6.4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 17
6.4.2 Operational events - Block 81 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 19
6.4.3 Fault events - Block 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 22
6.4.4 Reading out operational measured values - Block 84 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 25
6.5 Operational control capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 26
6.5.1 Setting date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 26
6.6 Testing and commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 28

Siemens AG January 1999 III



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7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1


 */.%)! $!&-                                                                   
 ,*/'!-$**.%)#                                                                  
  $)#%)# .$! "/-!                                                                

8 Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1

9 Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1

A.1 Overview diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1

A.2 Connection diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2

A.3 Menu tree, Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7

A.4 Detailed calculation of the current transformer requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A - 32

I Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-I

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Figures
Figure 1.1 Line differential protection 7SD600 for operation with two pilot wires, block diagram . . 1-1
Figure 2.1 Dimensioned drawing of 7XP20 for panel surface mounting with terminals on the sides
(dimensions in mm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Figure 2.2 Dimensioned drawing of 7XP20 for panel surface mounting with terminals at top and bottom
............................................................................. 2-3
Figure 2.3 Dimensioned drawing of 7XP20 for panel flush mounting or cubicle mounting
(dimensions in mm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Figure 2.4 Dimensioned drawing of the 4AM4930 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Figure 3.1 Stabilization characteristic of the differential protection (shown for pre-settings) . . . . . . 3-7
Figure 3.2 Summation transformer 4AM4930 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Figure 4.1 Hardware structure of the line differential protection 7SD600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Figure 4.2 Standard connection of summation transformer 4AM4930 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Figure 4.3 Connection of summation transformer 4AM4930 to 2-current transformers
in isolated-neutral systems or systems which are not effectively earthed. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Figure 4.4 Basic principle of differential protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Figure 4.5 Differential protection with two pilot wires - flow chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Figure 4.6 Stabilization characteristic of the differential protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Figure 4.7 Simplified logic diagram of the differential protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 10
Figure 4.8 Coupling of pilot wire monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 12
Figure 4.9 Logic diagram of the functions related to the pilot wire monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 14
Figure 5.1 Check set nominal voltage of the integrated power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Figure 5.2 Check of selected control voltages of binary inputs 1 to 3 on the p.c.b. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Figure 5.3 Standard connection L1-L3-E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Figure 5.4 Connection L1-L2-L3 with reduced earth-fault sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Figure 5.5 Connection L1-L3-E with increased earth-fault sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Figure 5.6 Matching unequal primary currents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Figure 5.7 Two-phase connection L1-L3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Figure 5.8 Connection of isolating transformer 7XR9513 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 10
Figure 5.9 Excerpt from the menu tree: Selection of configuration blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 13
Figure 5.10 Excerpt from the menu tree: Selecting configuration block for the protective functions 5 - 18
Figure 5.11 Excerpt from the menu tree: Example for selecting marshalling of binary inputs . . . . . . . 5 - 21
Figure 6.1 Front view of 7SD600 with control panel and displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Figure 6.2 Selection of parameters for the system and station data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Figure 6.3 Trip characteristic of the 7SD600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 11
Figure 6.4 Selection of the event blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 18

Siemens AG January 1999 V



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 )#  ./&)) )# '+.5 '+-10 $1+!0',+/                                                
 )#  !0,.5 /#0 '+.5 '+-10/                                                         

 )#  ./&)) )# '+.5 ,10-10 $1+!0',+/                                               


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!0,.5 /#0 '+"'!0',+/ ,+ /'%+) .#)5                                              
 )#  !0,.5 /#0 /                                                                
 )#  !0,.5 /#0 !,**+" $1+!0',+/                                                   
 )#  1..#+0 $!0,./ $,. /1**0',+ 0.+/$,.*#./                                        
 )#  #/1.#" !1..#+0/ 3'0& '+!,..#!0  !,++#!0',+                                   
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.#)0'2# 0, 0&# .0#" )'+# !1..#+0                                                    

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+ !* *+)!+ 1&% !%!+!&% . ! ')&,* +  !#
 
!*)!$!%+!&% +0'!# & +  !)%+!# ')&++!&% ++!&%
')!%!'# + #*& $%* + + !+ !* %&+ %**)0 +& 2
#0 +  +)!' &$$% * !* ,*,##0 +  * .!+
+!$) ')&++!&% *0*+$* Figure 1.1 Line differential protection 7SD600 for operation with
two pilot wires, block diagram
  &$'#+ *+,' )(,!)*    -! % 
 
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')&++ #!% % &)) &) +  -!* +& .&)" +&2 % ** . )  +)%*&)$) !* &%%+ !)+#0 +&
+ )  *0$$+)!# '!#&+ .!) '!) !* )(,!) +.%  # &) &-)  #!% ! .!+ &,+  !),!+)")
+  +.& *++!&%* ,))%+ +)%*&)$)* * &,#  !%*+## + +  +)%*2
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During a system fault (short-circuit in the protected Both hardware and software are constantly monitored
zone), the instantaneous values of the measured si in the device so that faults are detected and indicated
gnals are stored in the device for a maximum period immediately. This ensures an extremely high level of
of 5 s and are subsequently available for fault analy reliability and availability.
sis. For this purpose, the 7SD600 is equipped with an
The device cannot operate in conjunction with 7SD24
RS485 interface with bus-capability so that, with the
or 7SD502 but must always be implemented in pairs.
DIGSI 3 operating program, user-friendly operation as
The previously used summation transformer 4AM49
well as convenient and clear fault recording and eva
can continue to be used if the device used to replace
luation is possible. The interface is also suited for
a 7SD24.
operation through a modem connection.

   
D Numerical device with powerful 16-bit micropro D Simple operation via integrated keypad and display
cessor system; panel or via connected PC with DIGSI 3;
D Complete numerical measured value processing D Storage of fault events and instantaneous values
and control, from the sampling and digitization of for disturbance recording;
measured variables through to the trip decisions
D Data exchange with remote station via a symme
for the circuit-breaker;
trical pilot wire pair; thus enabling implementation
D Complete galvanic and interference-free isolation of existing pilot wires;
of the internal processing circuits from the measu
D Communication with central control and storage
ring, control and supply circuits of the station and
device via serial interface;
the pilot wires by means of screened measured
value transducers, binary in and output modules D Connection to fiber optic cable via external
and DC converters; RS485/opt. module
D Self-contained measuring unit for each line end; D Continuous monitoring of signal path and measu
red signals, as well as all device hardware and
D Low demands on the current transformer;
software;
D Comprehensive additional functions (see section
D Simple installation and commissioning, integral
1.3);
commissioning aids;
D Continuous calculation and display of operational
D Low maintenance.
measured values at the front of the device;

1-2 Siemens AG January 1999


   

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Table 2.1 Selection and order data


Order no.
 
      
Numerical line differential protection 7SD600 j - jj A 0 0 - j D A 0
Nominal current; nominal frequency
20 mA; 50/60 Hz (without external summation transformer) 0
1 A 50/60 Hz; with external summation transformer 4AM4930-7DB 1
5 A 50/60 Hz; with external summation transformer 4AM4930-6DB 5
Nominal auxiliary supply voltage
24, 48 V- 2
60, 110, 125 V 4
220/250 V-/115 V, 50/60 Hz 5
Constructional details
in housing for panel surface mounting with terminals at the side B
in housing for panel surface mounting with terminals at the top/bottom D
in housing for panel flush mounting/cubicle mounting E
Operating language
English - can be changed to German, Spanish 0
Functional scope
Differential protection 0
Differential protection, harmonic restraint 1
Differential protection, pilot wire monitoring, remote tripping 2
Differential protection, pilot wire monitoring, remote tripping, harmonic restraint 3

Accessories
D Copper connection cable 7XV5100-2
between PC (9-pin socket) and converter/protection device
D Converter RS232 - RS485 7XV5700-0AA00
with 2.5 m connection cable, PC adapter with plug-in power supply unit 110/220 V-
D Converter full-duplex fiber optic cable - RS485 7XV5650-0AA00
with 2.5 m connection cable, with auxiliary supply voltage 24 to 250 V- and 110/220
V 7XS5120--0AA0
D Protection operating software DIGSI (stage 1)
Parameterization and operating software (German)
Min. requirements: MS WINDOWS V3.1, WINDOWS 95 or WINDOWS NT 4.0 7XS5130-0AA0
D Graphic evaluation program DIGRA
for visualization of fault recording in connection with DIGSI (German);
Min. requirements: MS WINDOWS V3.1, WINDOWS 95 or WINDOWS NT 4.0 and
DIGSI 4AM4930-7DB
D Summation transformer 1 A, 50/60 Hz for 7SD600 4AM4930-6DB
D Summation transformer 5 A, 50/60 Hz for 7SD600

2-6 Siemens AG January 1999


 
 

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Table 3.1 General device data
  

 Nominal current N 20 mA without summation transformer
1 or 5 A with external summation transformer
Nominal frequency fN 50/60 Hz parameterizable
Thermal rating of current circuit
continuous 2 x N
for 10 s 30 x N
for 1 s 100 x N
   Nominal auxiliary DC voltageH- 24/48 V- 60/110/125 V- 220/250 V-

Permissible voltage range 19 to 58 V- 48 to 150 V- 176 to 300 V-
Auxiliary power supply
with integral converter Superimposed a.c. voltage, v12 % at nominal voltage
peak-to-peak v6 % at the voltage range limits
Power consumption quiescent approx. 2 W
picked-up approx. 4 W
Bridging time in the event of power w50 ms (for UH w110 V)
failure/short-circuit of the auxiliary supply voltage w20 ms (for UH w24 V-)
Nominal auxiliary a.c. voltage UH- 115 VX
Permissible voltage ranges 88 to 133 VX
 

 No. of relays 2 (marshallable)

Contacts per relay 2 or 1 make contact(s)
Switching capacity make 1000 W/VA
break 30 W/VA
Switching voltage 250 V
permissible current continuous 5A
0.5 s 30 A
  

 No. of relays 3 (2 marshallable)
Contacts per relay 1 CO contact
Switching capacity make 1000 W/VA
break 30 W/VA
Switching voltage AC/DC 250 V
Permissible current 5A
   Number 3 (marshallable)
Nominal voltage range 24 to 250 V-
Power consumption, picked-up approx. 2.5 mA,
depending on operating voltage
Operating points adjustable via pluggable links
for nominal voltages 24/48/60 V- Urising w17 V-
Ufalling <8 V-
for nominal voltage 110/125/220/250 V- Urising w74 V-
Ufalling <45 V-

Siemens AG January 1999 3-1


  
 

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Table 3.3 Electrical tests



  The product is herewith confirmed to comply with the This conformity is the result of a test carried
   requirements set out in the Council Directive on the out by SIEMENS AG in accordance with article
Approximation of the Laws of the Member States rela 10 of the Directive which complies with the
ting to Electromagnetic Compatibility (89/336/EEC) and basic specifications of EN 50081 and EN 50082
the Use within Certain Voltage Limits (73/23/EEC). The for the EMC Directive and EN 60255-6 for the
evaluation has been carried out in accordance with the Low Voltage Directive.
international standards of the
IEC 60255 series and the national standard DIN 57
435/Part 303.
The device has been developed and manufactured for
industrial use to EMC standards.
    Voltage test (routine test), all circuits except auxiliary 2.5 kV (r.m.s. value), 50 Hz
Standards: IEC 60255-5; supply voltage and RS485
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.0
Voltage test (routine test), 3.5 kV-
only auxiliary supply voltage and RS485
Surge voltage test (type test), all circuits Class III 5 kV (peak value), 1.2/50 s, 0.5 J, 3 positive
and 3 negative impulses at intervals of 5 s
    High Frequency Disturbance Test 2.5 kV (peak); 1 MHz;  = 15 s; 400 impulses
   
 IEC 60255-22-1, VDE 0435 Part 303; Class III per s; test duration 2 s
(type tests)
Static Electricity Discharge 4/6 kV contact discharge; 8 kV air discharge;
IEC 60255-6, IEC
IEC 60255-22-2; IEC 61000-4-2; Class III both polarities; 150 pF; l = 330 
60255-22
(International Product Radiated HF Field Interference, Unmodulated 10 V/m; 27 to 500 MHz
Standards) IEC 60255-22-3 (Report); Class III
EN 50082-2 (Basic Speci Radiated HF Field Interference, Amplitude-Modulated 10 V/m; 80 to 1000 MHz; 80 %;
fication) IEC 61000-4-3; Class III 1 kHz
DIN 57435 Part 303 (Ger
man Product Standard for Interference Pulse-Modulated
Radiated HF Field Interference, Pulse Modulated 10 V/m; 900 MHz; repetition frequency 200 Hz;
Protection Devices) IEC 61000-4-3/ENV 50204; Class III ED 50 %
Fast Transient Interference/Burst 2 kHz; 5/50 ns; 5 kHz, burst duration = 15 ms;
IEC 60255-22-4; IEC 61000-4-4; Class III repetition rate 300 ms; both polarities;
l = 50  test duration 1 min
Conducted High Frequency, Amplitude-Modulated 10 V; 150 kHz to 80 MHz; 80 % AM; 1 kHz
IEC 61000-4-6; Class III
Magnetic Field with Power Engineering Frequency 30 A/m; continuous;
IEC 61000-4-8; Class IV; IEC 60255-6; 300 A/m for 3 s; 50 Hz; 0.5 mT
      Oscillatory Surge Withstand Capability 2.5 to 3 kV (peak); 1 to 1,5 MHz, damped
   
 ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1 wave; 50 impulses per s; duration 2 s;
(type tests) Ri = 150 to 200 
Fast Transient Surge Withstand Capability 4 to 5 kV; 10/150 ns; 50 impulses per s; both
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1 polarities; duration 2 s; Ri = 80 
Radiated Electromagnetic Interference 3.5 V/m; 25 to 1000 MHz;
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2
2.5 kV (peak, alternating polarities);
Damped Vibration 100 kHz, 1, 10 and 50 MHz, damped wave;
similar to IEC 61000-4-12 Ri = 50 

Siemens AG January 1999 3-3


  
 

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Table 3.3 Electrical tests


EMC Tests on Radio Interference Voltages on Lines, only auxiliary 150 kHz to 30 MHz, Limit Class B
Emitted Interference supply voltage, EN 55022, DIN VDE 0878 Part 22, IEC
EN 50081-* (Basic Speci CISPR 22
fication)
Interference Field Strength 30 to 1000 MHz, Limit Class A
EN 55011, DIN VDE 0875 Part 11, IEC CISPR 11
Vibration and Shock Vibration
Stress during IEC 60255-21-1, Class II Sinusoidal
Stationary Use IEC 60068-2-6 10 to 60 Hz, "0.075 mm amplitude; 60 to 150
IEC 60255-21-1, IEC Hz; 0.5  acceleration; frequency sweep 1 oc
60068-2 tave/min; 20 cycles in 3 axes vertical to one
another
Shock Semi-sinusoidal
IEC 60255-21-2, Class I Acceleration 5 , duration 11 ms, per 3 shocks
in both directions of the 3 axes
Vibration during Earthquake Sinusoidal
IEC 60255-21-3, Class 1
IEC 60068-3-3 hor. axis 1 to 8 Hz: "3.5 mm amplitude
8 to 35 Hz: 1  acceleration
vert. axis 1 to 8 Hz: "1.5 mm amplitude
8 to 35 Hz: 0.5  acceleration
Frequency sweep 1 octave/min
1 cycle in 3 axes, vertical to one another

Table 3.4 Mechanical tests


Vibration and Shock Vibration Sinusoidal
Stress during Transport IEC 60255-21-1, Class II 5 to 8 Hz: "7.5 mm amplitude; 8 to 150 Hz: 2
IEC 60255-21, IEC IEC 60068-2-6  acceleration; frequency sweep 1 octave/min:
60068-2 20 cycles in 3 axes, vertical to one another

Shock Semi-sinusoidal
IEC 60255-21-2, Class 1 15 acceleration, duration 11 ms, per 3 shocks
IEC 60068-2-27 in both directions of the 3 axes
Bump Semi-sinusoidal
IEC 60255-21-2, Class 1 10  acceleration, duration 16 ms, per
IEC 60068-2-29 1000 shocks in both directions of the 3 axes

Table 3.5 Climatic Stress


Climatic Stress Limit temperature during operation -20 to +70 _C
EN 60255-6 (recommended) -5 to +55 _C (Readability of display
IEC 60255-6 may be impaired
during storage 25 to +55 _C
-25 C
VDE 0435 Part
P t 303 upwards
d off 55 _C)
during transport -25 to +70 _C
Storage and transport with works packaging!
Humidity stress during operation Yearly mean v75 % relative humidity, on
56 days in the year up to 95 % relative humi
dity, moisture condensation not permissible
We recommend that the devices are installed so that they are not subject to direct sunlight and strong fluctuations in temperature
which could lead to moisture condensation.

3-4 Siemens AG January 1999



   

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Table 3.6 Line differential protection


    Current threshold I1 (release with local current)
I/IN line 0.00 to 1.50 (step 0.01)
Differential current I/IN line 0.05 to 2.50 (step 0.01)
Delay time T 0.00 to 60.00 s (step 0.01 s)
 

 
 see Figure 3.1
Stabilization with 2nd harmonic I2fN/IfN 10 to 80 %
Resetting ratio approx. 0.7 @ pick-up value (Istab = 0)
All current values refer to symmetrical current with standard connection.
    Pick-up time for two-sided infeed
with 4 x setting value approx. 20 to 28 ms without stabilization by
2 harm
approx. 32 to 42 ms with stabilization by
2 harm
Reset time approx. 35 ms
 
 with pre-settings Local current threshold "3 % of set value, min 0.02 @ IN
under reference conditions
Differential current "5 % of set value, min 0.02 @ IN
  
    Auxiliary supply voltage in range v1 %
0.8 v UH/UHN v@1.15
v1 %/10K
Temperature in range 0 _C v amb v 40 _C
v4 %
Frequency in range 0.9 v f/fN v 1.1
   Number 2
preferably symmetrical telephone wire pairs
with 73 /km loop resistance and 60 nF/km
capacitance
Asymmetry of pilot wire pair at 800 Hz max. 10-3
Maximum loop resistance 1200 
Permissible induced longitudinal voltages v1.2 kV, but max. 60 % of the test voltage of
for direct connection with pilot wire the pilot wires

for connection via isolating transformer w1.2 kV, but max. 60 % of the test voltage of
the pilot wires and max. 60 % of the test vol
tage of the isolating transformer
    Monitoring signal 2000 Hz, pulse code modulation
   (order option)
Delay of fail signal 1 to 60 s (step 1 s)
Operating time of transfer tripping approx. 65 ms
Prologation of transfer trip signal 0.00 to 5.00 s (step 0.01 s)

3-6 Siemens AG January 1999


 
 

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Table 3.7 Remote tripping


Tripping of the remote line end only available for devices with pilot wire monitoring
 
 Prolongation time for transmission to remote 0.00 to 60.00 s (step 0.01 s)
station
Delay time of the received signal from remote 0.00 to 60.00 s (step 0.01 s)
station
Prolongation time of the received signal from 0.00 to 60.00 s (step 0.01 s)
remote station

  Delay time/reset delay time 1 % or 10 ms

  Transmission time without delay approx. 80 ms

    

Table 3.8 Lockout function


  
 for differential protection and remote tripping until resetting
 via binary input and/or local operation

     

Table 3.9 Additional functions




 
 
 Operating currents 1; 2; diff; stab
Measuring
g range
g 0 to 240 % N
Tolerance (1) 3 % of nominal value or of
measured value


     Storage of last 8 faults
 
 Resolution for operational events 1s
fault events 1 ms
Max. time deviation 0.01 %



 
 
 Storage time (from start or trip command) Max. of overall 5 s, pre and post
max. 8 faults fault settable
Max. length per recording Tmax 0.30 to 5,00 s (step 0.01 s)
Pre-fault time Tpre 0.05 to 0.50 s (step 0.01 s)
Post-fault time Tpost 0.05 to 0.50 s (step 0.01 s)
Sampling rate at 50 Hz 1 instantaneous value per ms
Sampling rate at 60 Hz 1 instantaneous value per 0.83 ms
  
  by test tripping

3-8 Siemens AG January 1999


    

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The numerical line differential protection 7SD600 is In the case of symmetrical nominal current flow, the
equipped with a powerful 16-bit microprocessor summation transformer MT creates a single-phase
which enables full digital processing of all tasks, from equivalent current of 20 mA from the currents coming
the acquisition of measured values through to trip from the current transformer. Due to the unbalanced
command initiation to the circuit-breaker. number of turns of the input windings, with the ratio
of 2 : 1 : 3, each type of fault produces a defined sin
Figure 4.1 shows the basic structure of the device.
gle-phase AC current which decisively influences the
protection functions of the device.
L1 L2 L3 MT 7SD600

2
Ra
Rb Pilot wire link
1 with remote end

3 I1 Ia

MI
AI

LCD display
(2x8 characters)

Fault
Fail signal
Operation
 (not marshallable)

2 indications
(marshallable)

+ - 4 LEDs
Setting via
(marshallable)
control panel E
Y/J N

2 trip commands
(marshallable)
3 binary inputs
(marshallable)

Isolated serial interface PC

Power supply

Figure 4.1 Hardware structure of the line differential protection 7SD600

Siemens AG January 1999 4-1


     

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The transformers of the measurement input group MI Binary inputs and outputs from and to the processor
transform the currents I1 (summation current of local are controlled by the input/output modules. This is
line end) and Ia (pilot wire current) and match them to where the processor gets information from the sta
the internal processing level of the device. As well as tion (e.g. remote resetting) or from other devices. The
the transformers providing complete galvanic and main outputs are trip commands to the circuit-brea
low-capacitance isolation, filters are installed for the kers, indications for the remote indication of impor
suppression of interference. These filters are optimi tant events and states, as well as optical displays
zed for measured value processing in terms of band (LED) and an alphanumeric display panel on the front.
width and processing speed. The modified analog si
Communication with the device is via an integrated
gnals are passed to the analog input AI.
keypad and alphanumeric LCD display panel which
The analog input AI contains input amplifiers sample enables the input of all data required for operating,
and hold elements for each input, multiplexers, ana such as setting values, station data, etc. These para
log/digital converters, as well as memory for the meters can also be read out here, and after a system
transfer of data to the microprocessor. disturbance, the relevant data for analysis can be read
off. A front serial operator interface also enables
The micro processor system not only controls and
communication via PC.
monitors the measured signals, but also processes
the actual protection functions. These, in particular, A suitably rated power supply feeds the described
include the following: function modules with the necessary +5 V. Short-
time interruptions of the supply voltage of up to
D Filtering and conditioning of measured signals,
50 ms in the case of UH w 110 V=, which can occur
D Continuous calculation of values relevant for pro in the event of short-circuits in the station's DC sup
tection starting, ply system, are bridged by a DC buffer.
D Calculation of tripping and stabilization currents,
D Frequency analysis of the measured signal diffe
rential, recognition of current transformer satura
tion and sequential faults,
D Checking of pilot wires (devices with pilot wire
monitoring),
D Interrogation of thresholds and timing sequences,
D Decision on trip commands,
D Storage and output of events and disturbance re
cord data for fault analysis.

4-2 Siemens AG January 1999


    

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The summation transformer 4AM4930 combines the of 20 mA. Figure 4.2 shows the standard connection
secondary currents of the main current transformer of the 4AM4930.
and transforms them to a secondary nominal current

L1 L2 L3
A Y

B
C

D
E

F to 7SD600
G U

H
I
K
L
M Z

            




The connection shown in Figure 4.2 results in a win Table 4.1 Types of faults and winding factors
ding factor W for the various types of fault with a ra for standard connection L1-L3-E
tio relative to a three-phase symmetrical fault accor
Fault W W/ 3 I1 for iM = 20 mA
ding to table 4.1. The primary current I1 required to
produce the 20 mA secondary current which is deri L1-L2-L3 (sym.) 3 1.00 1.00 x IN
ved from the reciprocal value of W is also shown. L1-L2 2 1.15 0.87 x IN
Multiplying the setting values by these factors will L2-L3 1 0.58 1.73 x IN
give you the actual pick-up value.
L3-L1 1 0.58 1.73 x IN
It is clear from the table that the line differential pro
L1-E 5 2.89 0.35 x IN
tection 7SD600 is more sensitive to single or double
earth faults than to short-circuits without earth. This L2-E 3 1.73 0.58 x IN
increased sensitivity is because the winding IE (see L3-E 4 2.31 0.43 x IN
Figure 4.2), of the summation transformer, located in
the neutral conductor has the largest number of turns
Due to the difference in the number of primary turns
so that the the earth current is input with the winding
and the various taps on the winding, different connec
factor 3.
tion are possible. Connections for double earth fault
preference, earth fault sensitivity, transformation ratio
matching, different summation ratios and other main
CT terminations (e.g. two-phase connection may be
selected).

Siemens AG January 1999 4-3


     

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Figure 4.3 Connection of summation transformer 4AM4930 to 2-current transfor


mers in isolated-neutral systems or systems which are not effectively
earthed.

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3. Internal short-circuit, infeed from one side only:
The following then applies 2 = 0
The differential and stabilizing current are determined
diff = |1 + 2| = |1 + 0| = |1|
from the sampled values of the currents. The diffe
stab = |1| +|2| = |1| + 0 = |1|
rential current is filtered to pass the fundamental
wave in order to suppress DC components and higher Tripping quantity (Idiff) and stabilizing quantity (Istab)
harmonics. The fundamental frequency component of are of equal magnitude and correspond to the sin
the differential current and the r.m.s. value of the sta gle-end through fault current.
bilizing current are calculated for the evaluation. Thus, in the case of an internal fault; Idiff = Istab. The
To explain the method of operation, three important locus curve for internal faults in the tripping diagram
states with ideal measured values are looked at: (see Figure 4.6) is represented by a straight line with
a 45_ inclination. Figure 4.6 shows the overall stabili
1. Through-current with healthy line or external fault:
zation characteristic of the 7SD600. The "a" segment
2 flows out of the line, i.e. 2 = -1; of the characteristic represents the sensitivity thres
and |2|= |1| hold of the differential protection. Segment "b" consi
diff = |1 + 2| = |1 - 1| = 0 ders current proportional measuring errors resulting
stab = |1| + |2| = |1| +|1| = 2 |1| from transformation errors in the current transfor
No tripping quantity (Idiff = 0); the stabilization mers, summation CTs and input CTs of the device. In
(Istab) corresponds to double the through-current. the high-current range, where current transformer
saturation may occur, segment "c" provides more
2. Internal short-circuit, infeed from both sides with stabilization. A further, special method of handling
e.g. equal currents: current transformer saturation (additional stabilization)
2 = 1 then applies; as well as |2|= |1| is described in section 4.3.5.
diff = |1 + 2| = |1 + 1| = 2 |1| The differential protection locates the determined cur
stab = |1| +|2| = |1| +|1| = 2 |1| rents Idiff and Istab in the stabilization characteristic as
Tripping quantity (Idiff) and stabilizing quantity (Istab) shown in Figure 4.6. If these quantities correspond to
are of equal magnitude and correspond to the a point within the tripping zone, tripping occurs if the
overall through fault current. local current exceeds a minimum value (local current
threshold, see section 4.3.7).



Slope2/3 Slope1/3
Idiff
INlin Fault characteristic
Tripping Blocking

Parameter


2 10-DIF>
b


a Additional
stabilization

1 2
2.5
3
4
fixed
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Istab
IN line
fixed

        


    

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4.3.5 Additional stabilization in the case of 4.3.6 Local current threshold


current transformer saturation
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4.3.8 Starting, blocking and tripping logic The device is fitted with a Lockout function that can
be enabled via parameter "01 L.Out". With this func
As soon as the fundamental component of the diffe tion, the trip command issued by one of the protec
rential current reaches 85 % of the set value (parame tion functions (diff. protection, transfer trip, remote
ter "10I-DIF>") and the local current threshold (para trip), does not reset when the starting drops off or
meter "10I1>Frg")is exceeded, protection start is after a delay time, but is stored permanently.
recognized (indication "Dev.Sta", Fno. 501,
Failure of the auxiliary supply voltage also leads to a
"DIF.GS", Fno. 3022).
renewal of the TRIP command. This lockout state is
In special applications, it may be desirable to slightly signaled and can be marshalled to the LED (indication
delay the protection trip command. To this end, an "Lockout" Fno. 3031).
additional delay can be set (parameter "10T Del").
It can be reset via the "Reset LED" key or via a bi
A blocking function is provided by the differential nary input programmed to this effect >Res.LO, (Fno.
current monitoring "Spill Current". There is a mo 3008). Whether this function is carried out via keypad
nitoring threshold (parameter "10I-SpC") for the and/or binary input can be set as a parameter
differential current which is typically set smaller than "01L.0.Fr".
the rated line current. If this threshold is exceeded
The differential protection function may be switched
for a set time (settable in the range from 5 to 60 s),
to the states "on", "off" or "signal only", depending
(parameter "10I-SpC"), an indication "B.DIF D" Fno.
on parameters and binary inputs.
3030 is output and the differential protection is blok
ked (starting is suppressed). The blocking is canceled Furthermore, the actual state of the differential pro
as soon as the differential current drops below this tection is alarmed (parameter "10DIFPRO").
threshold. A hysteresis of 5 percent is provided. Figure 4.7 shows the logic diagram of the differential
This monitoring detects circuit-interruptions between protection, including the associated binary input and
the summation transformer and the main CT during output functions.
normal operation, and prevents an unwanted trip if
the test switch is accidentally opened at only one end
of the line.

Siemens AG January 1999 4-9


     

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4.5.1 Processing of events , (,2$0, * #$4("$ % 3*2 2'$ 0$#  *(&'21 3.
 3*2 2'$ #$4("$ (1 !*-")$#
%2$0 1712$+ #(1230! ,"$ (,%-0+ 2(-, 0$& 0#(,& 2'$
0$ "2(-, -% 2'$ .0-2$"2(-, ,# 2'$ +$ 130$# 1(&, *1 (1
0$/3(0$# %-0 "*-1$ , *71(1 -% 2'$ , 230$ -% 2'$ 179
12$+ #(1230! ,"$ -0 2'(1 .30.-1$ 2'$ #$4("$ " , 4.5.1.2 Information via display panel or PC
.0-"$11 2'$ $4$,21 (, 2'0$$ #(12(,"2 + ,,$01
4$,21 ,# 12 2$1 0$ (,#(" 2$# (, 2'$ #(1.* 7 . ,$*
-, 2'$ %0-,2 -% 2'$ #$4("$ '$ (,%-0+ 2(-, " , *1-
!$ 20 ,1+(22$# 2- $&  "-,,$"2$# 2- 2'$ -.$0 9
4.5.1.1 Display and binary outputs (signal relay) 2-0 (,2$0% "$ '$ (,2$0% "$ *1- .$0+(21 20 ,1+(11(-,
-% # 2 4( +-#$+ "-,,$"2(-,
+.-02 ,2 $4$,21 ,# 12 2$1 0$ 1'-5, 4( -.2(" *
#(1.* 71  -, 2'$ %0-,2 . ,$* 4$0 ,# !-4$ , 0$12 12 2$ ($ 1 *-,& 1 2'$0$ 0$ ,- 1712$+
2'(1 2'$ #$4("$ "-,2 (,1 1(&, * 0$* 71 %-0 0$+-2$ (,#(9 #(1230! ,"$1 2'$ #(1.* 7 . ,$* 1'-51 2'$ -.$0 2(-, *
" 2(-, (&, * 0$* 71 20(. 0$* 71 ,# #(1.* 71 " , !$ +$ 130$# 4 *3$1 -% 2'$ "300$,21  ,# #(%%  ,
+ 01' **$# ($ 2'$ % "2-07 1$22(,&1 " , !$ "' ,&$# 2'$ $4$,2 -% 1712$+ #(1230! ,"$ (,%-0+ 2(-, -, 2'$
, 1$"2(-,  2'$ % "2-07 .0$1$22(,&1 ,# + 01' *9 % 3*2 5(** !$ #(1.* 7$# (,12$ # '$ %(012 #(1.* 7 *(,$
*(,& -.2(-,1 0$ #(1"311$# (&, * 0$* 7  ' 1 %(9 "-,2 (,1 12 02(,& (,#(" 2(-,1 ,# 2'$ 1$"-,# *(,$
6$# + 01' **(,& 0-2$"2(-, 0$ #7 1'-51 20(. (,#(" 2(-,1 -% 2'$ #(%%$0$,2( * .0-2$"2(-,
1 1--, 1 2'$1$ % 3*2 $4$,21 0$ "),-5*$#&$# 2'$
'$ 1(&, * 0$* 71 0$ ,-2 +$+-0(8$# ,# 0$ 0$1$2 0$12 12 2$ (,%-0+ 2(-, (1 #(1.* 7$# & (, "),-5*$#9
-,"$ 2'$ (,(2( 2(,& "-,#(2(-, #0-.1 -%% '$ 1 " , &$+$,2 (1 (#$,2(" * 2- 0$1$22(,& 2'$ +$+-0(8$# 
!$ -.$0 2$# (, 2'$ +$+-0(8$# -0 ,-,+$+-0(8$# #(1.* 71 1 #$1"0(!$# (, 1$"2(-,
   
12 2$ 1$22 !*$
'$ #$4("$ *1- ' 1 1$4$0 * $4$,2 !3%%$01 $& %-0
'$ #(1.* 7 +$+-0($1 " , !$ 0$1$2 -.$0 2(-, * $4$,211$$ 1$"2(-, 
 '$1$ (,#(" 9
D *-" **7 !7 .0$11(,& 2'$ 0$1$2 .31'!322-, -, 2'$ 2(-,1 ,# ** 4 (* !*$ -.$0 2(-, * +$ 130$# 4 *3$1
#$4("$ )$7  " , !$ 20 ,1%$00$# 2- 2'$ #(1.* 7 . ,$* 2 ,7 2(+$ 4(
2'$ -.$0 2-0 )$7. # -0 20 ,1%$00$# 2- 2'$  4( 2'$
D 0$+-2$*7 4( !(, 07 (,.32 %-0 0$+-2$ 0$1$22(,& -.$0 2-0 (,2$0% "$
D 4( 2'$ -.$0 2-0 (,2$0% "$ %2$0 1712$+ % 3*2 %-0 $6 +.*$ (+.-02 ,2 (,%-0+ 9
D 32-+ 2(" **7 2 2'$ !$&(,,(,& -% $ "' ,$5 % 3*2 2(-, -, (21 "' 0 "2$0(12(" " , !$ 0$ # -32 13"' 1 12 09
#$2$"2(-, 2(,& ,# 20(..(,& '$ 12 02 -% 2'$ % 3*2 (1 2 &&$# 5(2'
2'$ 0$ * 2(+$ -% 2'$ (,2$0, * 1712$+ "*-") '$ "-301$
-+$ #(1.* 71 ,# 0$* 71 1(&, * 12 2$1 2'$1$ 1'-3*#
-% 2'$ #(1230! ,"$ (1 (,#(" 2$# 5(2' 0$* 2(4$ 2(+$
,-2 !$ 12-0$# '$7 " , *1- ,-2 !$ 0$1$2 3,2(* 2'$
5'("' (1 0$%$0$,"$# 2- 2'$ (,12 ,2 -% % 3*2 #$2$"2(-,
"0(2$0(-, 2- !$ 1(&, *$# ' 1 !$$, " ,"$*$# '(1 . 02(9
**-5(,& 2'$ #30 2(-, 3. 2- 20(..(,& ,# 0$1$22(,& -%

($+$,1   ,3 07 

     

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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the trip command to be recognized. The resolution of 


       
the real time is 1 ms.
The r.m.s. values of the currents 1, 2, D, S are per
Using the PC and the protection data processing pro
manently available and may be retrieved as long as
gram DIGSIR, events can also be read out, thus offe
there is no trip pending.
ring convenient screen visualization and menu-assi
sted operation. The data can be either printed out or
stored in a file.
The protection device stores the events of the pre     
vious eight system disturbances; in the event of a
ninth fault, the oldest event in the fault memory is 7SD600 allows the interrogation of the switching sta
deleted and overwritten. tes of all binary inputs and outputs. The start of the
A system disturbance starts with the protection func interrogation is initiated from the operator keypad or
tion fault pick-up, and ends with the fault detector via the operator interface.
reset of the last fault. A system fault can also com Following the start of the state interrogation, the cur
prise more than one incident (from fault detection rent switching states of all binary inputs, all signal and
pick-up to fault detection drop-off). command relays and all LEDs can displayed consecu
tively.

   



 
The instantaneous values of measured signals
i1, idiff, istab 7SD600 is equipped with comprehensive monitoring
functions which cover device hardware as well as
are sampled at an interval of 1ms (at 50Hz) or software.
0.83ms (at 60Hz) and stored in a cyclic buffer. In the
event of a fault, the data is stored for a settable pe
riod, but maximally 5seconds. Up to 8disturbances
can be stored. The disturbance record memory is au    
tomatically updated in the event of a new incident, so
that acknowledgement is not necessary. The device is monitored from measurement inputs
Data can be read from a PC via the operator interface through to the command relays. Monitoring circuits
and processed using the protection data processing and processor check the hardware for faults and non-
program DIGSIR. Graphical representation of the cur permissible conditions. These include the following
rents is possible. In addition, signals are logged as D Auxiliary and reference voltages:
binary markers (tags), e.g. "starting" and "tripping".
Power failure or disconnection of the supply vol
tage shuts down the device; an indication may be
issued by means of the idle state of a suitably
marshalled relay. Short-time interruptions (<50
ms) of the auxiliary supply voltage do not influence
the operation of the device (for nominal auxiliary
supply voltage y 110 V).

4 - 16 Siemens AG January 1999


    


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

D Command relay circuits     

The command relays for operation of the trip and


For continuous monitoring of the sequence of pro
and close coils of the circuit-breaker are switched
gram execution, a time monitor (watchdog) is provi
with two command channels and an additional re
ded. If the processor fails, or the program sequence
lease channel. As long as there is no start pen
is disrupted, the watchdog timer expires and resets
ding, the processor cyclically checks that each
the processor. Further internal plausibility checks du
channel is functioning correctly by switching each
ring the program execution ensure that any faults are
one individually and checking its response. In the
detected, thus initiating a reset and restart of the pro
event that the check reveals a fault in a channel or
cessor.
a fault in the command relay coil, the command
output is immediately blocked and an alarm is In the event that a fault is not eliminated by the re
sued. start, another restart is attempted. After three unsuc
cessful restarts, the protection shuts down autono
D Memory chips
mously and the red "Fault" LED lights up. The device
During device startup (i.e. after the auxiliary sup ready relay (if marshalled) drops off and signals "De
ply voltage has been applied) a data pattern is writ vice failed" with its normally closed contact.
ten into the working memory (RAM) read out
again and compared.
The remaining memory chips are checked periodi
cally for faults by
- generating a check sum for the program me
mory (EPROM) and comparing with the stored
check sum,
- generating a check sum for the parameter me
mory (EEPROM) and comparing with the newly
determined check sum generated with each
parameterization process.

Siemens AG January 1999 4 - 17


     

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


   (%& !' $$ !" 

   


     
    

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
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) *- - /* ).0- /# /-*0' !- ) .! *+ -/$*) *! /#$.  1$  $/ (0./  +-*+ -'3 /-).+*-4
/  ) *-- /'3 ./*-  .. ('  *+ -/  ) ($)/$)  $) *(+'$) 2$/# /# 2-)$)".
) $)./-0/$*). $) /# .3./ ( ()0'
' . )*/ $) +-/$0'- /#  ) -' )./''/$*) ) ! /3  "0'/$*). !*- *-&$)" *) ' /-$'
*2 - )./''/$*).  "   *)*(+'$) (3 0.  /# + -.*)' $)%0-3 *- *).$ 4
-' (/ -$' (" 

  
  
   

#  1$ . - !/*-3+&  /* *(+'3 2$/# /# ! 0.$)" )3 */# - +&"$)" $/ (0./  ).0-  /#/
- ,0$- ( )/. . / *0/ $)  

  /#$. *(+'$ . 2$/# /# .#*& ./- .. - ,0$- ( )/. .


. / *0/ $)  

  '.. ) 


#  1$ $. /*  0)+&  2$/# 0 -  0.$)"


  '.. 
.0$/' /**'. ) 2$/#*0/ (+'*3$)" 0))  ..-3
!*-  --3 *0/ ) $(( $/ 1$.0' # & *! /#  4  !*- *)) /$)" /#  1$ /* /# +*2 - .0++'3 !*-
1$ . /* ).0- /#/ /# - $. )* +#3.$' ("  /# !$-./ /$(  $/ .#*0'  ' !/ /* ./) $) /# *+ -4
/$)" -  !*- / ' ./ /2* #*0-. $) *- - /* ''*2 /#
# /-).+*-/ +&"$)" )  0.  "$) $! /#  4
/ (+ -/0- /* %0./ ) /* +- 1 )/ #0($$/3 )
1$ #. /*  /-).+*-/  "$) # ./*-" +&4
(*$./0- *) )./$*)
"$)" *! /# $)$1$0'  1$ . $. )*/ .0$/  !*- /-).4
+*-/

$ ( ).  )0-3 

   

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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Please observe the operation requirements as set out 5.2.1.2 Model 7SD600K-KEKKK for panel flush
in VDE 0100/ 5.73 and VDE 0105 Part 1/7.83. mounting or cubicle mounting

D Push the top and bottom covers of the front cover


Caution back to gain access to four slots located in the
bracket.
The modules of digital protection equip
D Push the device into the control panel cutout or
ment contain CMOS circuits. Never re
cabinet frame and secure with the four fastening
move or plug in individual modules
screws. For dimensioned drawing, see Figure 2.3
when live. Always handle modules in
(on page 2 - 4).
such a manner that there is no risk of
damage as a result of static discharges. D Affix sturdy, low-resistance and low-inductance
Always observe the ESD regulations system earthing to the rear earthing surface with
(for Electrostatic SensitiveDevices) one of the two M4 screws. Earthing strips to
when handling individual modules. DIN72333 Form A, e.g. order no. 15284 from the
company Druseidt in Remscheid, Germany are
suited for this purpose.
There is no risk when the devices are already instal
led. D Establish connections using the plug-in or screw
terminals of the connector module on the housing.
Always observe the designation of the individual
connections, the permissible cross-sections and
5.2.1 Assembly and connection stud torques (see section2.2). Only use copper
wires! Where possible, screw terminals should be
5.2.1.1 Models 7SD600K-KBKKK and -KDKKK for used; the plug-in terminals require special tools
panel surface mounting and can only be used for the system wiring if a
reliable strain relief is installed.
D Secure the device to the control panel with 4 D The shield of the serial RS485 interface must be
screws. In the case of model -KBKKK, ensure that earthed (if used).
it has sufficient spacing to the adjacent devices.
For dimensioned drawing, see Figure 2.1
(on page 2 - 2).
D Affix sturdy, low-resistance and low-inductance 5.2.2 Checking the specified ratings
system earthing to the bottom earthing surface
with at least one M4 screw. Earthing strips to It must be checked that the specified ratings of the
DIN 72333 Form A, e.g. order no. 15284 from the device match the system data. This particularly ap
company Druseidt in Remscheid, Germany are plies to the nominal auxiliary supply voltage and the
suited for this purpose. nominal currents of summation transformer
4AM4930.
D When establishing the connections via the screw
terminals, observe the designation of the individual
connections, the permissible cross-sections and
stud torques (see section 2.2). Only use copper
wires!
D The shield of the serial RS485 interface must be
earthed.

5-2 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

     links must be changed. The allocation of these plug
gable links to the binary inputs and their physical ar
The auxiliary supply voltage has three input voltage rangement is shown in Figure 5.2.
ranges (see section 2.3 and chapter 3). If, in exceptio
D Push the top and bottom covers of the front hood
nal cases, the rated device supply must be changed
back; underneath each cover, you will have access
to match the station requirements, it must be noted
to a central screw. Loosen both screws.
that the models for 60/110/125 V- and 220/250 V-
are interchangeable by means of adjustment with D Pull the module out by the front cover and place it
pluggable links. The allocation of these pluggable links on a surface suitable for electrostatic sensitive
to the nominal voltage ranges, as well as their physi devices (ESD);
cal arrangement on the p.c.b., is shown in Figure 5.1. D Secure the device to the control panel with 4
The 220/250-V model is also suited for the supply of screws. For dimensioned drawing, see Figure 2.3.
115 V a.c. voltage. On delivery of the device all the
pluggable links are correctly set in accordance with
the specifications on the rating plate and do not need
to be changed.  
Electrostatic discharges via the termi
nals of the module, p.c.b.s and plugga
  
   ble links must be avoided by first making
physical contact with earthed metal
On delivery, the binary inputs are set so that the DC- parts.
voltages in the entire operating range of 17 V to 288 V
can be used to control the binary inputs. In the case D Check pluggable links in accordance with Figures
of large station control voltages (y110 V-), it may be 5.1 and 5.2;
sensible to increase the pick-up threshold of the bi
nary inputs, to allow for an increased static margin D Insert module in the housing;
against interference signals. This prevents the possi D Secure the module in the housing by tightening
bility of an erroneous response as a result of any exi both screws.
sting interference voltages such as, e.g. earth fault
D Replace covers.
monitoring equipment working in parallel.
In order to equip a binary input with an increased ope
rating point of approx. 74 V, the respective pluggable

Siemens AG January 1999 5-3


  
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


   (%& !' $$ !" 

   




  
  




   
    
   

 

   

  


    
  



   

   


         
     
   
  
   
  
     

     



  
  

Figure 5.1 Check set nominal voltage of the integrated power supply

    


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  6 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

'+ .5 '+-10/

'+ .5 '+-10/

'+ .5 '+-10/







,*'+ ) 2,)0 %$/   


 &$ -)1%% !)$ )'+(/    *1/0 !$ '+/$.0$# -$. 0'+% -,'+0 --.,4  
,*'+ ) 2,)0 %$/


 &$ -)1%% !)$ )'+(/    " + !$ '+/$.0$# -$. 0'+% -,'+0 --.,4 
 3'0&     +# 

            


         


'$*$+/   +1 .5  


  
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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    D Switch off mcb for direct supply voltage.
D Check trip wires to the circuit-breaker.
D Check control wires to and from other devices.
 D Check signaling wires.
D Switch mcb back on
Some of the following check steps in
volve exposure to dangerous voltages.
All checks must therefore be carried out
by competent persons in accordance
  
with the relevant safety requirements
and precautions.
The connection circuit (standard connection) is repre
sented in the appendix A.1 . The three input windings
Before connecting the device to the power supply for of the summation transformer permit connection to
the first time, it should be left to stand in the opera the current transformer in a number of different
ting area for at least two hours in order to allow the ways; The most common types of connection are
temperature to adjust and to prevent humidity and described below. It is imperative, however, that the
moisture condensation. connection type is the same at both line ends. The
marshalling options for the binary inputs and outputs
D The circuit-breaker of the DC-voltage supply must
are described in section 5.5.
be switched off.
D The CT-connection must be checked in accor
dance with the plant and connection diagram:
- Is the current transformer correctly earthed?     

- Correct phase allocation of the current transfor The standard connection is suitable for all systems,
mer? irrespective of the earthing of the system's neutral
- Uniform polarity of the current transformer ter point. Figure 5.3 shows the current transformer con
minations? nections. In comparison to the symmetrical three-
phase current, the sensitivity for Ph-Ph short-circuits
D Loop the DC-amp-meter into the auxiliary supply varies with a factor between 0.58 and 1.15, and those
voltage supply line; range approx. 1.5 to 3 A. for earth faults or double earth faults are more sensi
D Switch on mcb for battery voltage (supply protec tive with a factor of 1.73 to 2.89. In isolated-neutral
tion). The power consumption must correspond or resonant-earthed systems, the phases can also be
(after a short pointer swing due to the charging changed cyclically or acyclically in order to adjust the
current rush of the storage capacitors) to the no device to the double earth fault preference which pre
minal no-load power consumption (approx. 2 W). vails in the system. To this end, the preferred phase
is connected to the first winding with the factor 2
D Switch off mcb for direct supply voltage.
while the non-preferred phase is not directly connec
D Remove DC-amp-meter; re-establish normal auxi ted to the device.
liary supply voltage connection.
The connection circuit shown in Figure 5.3 therefore
D Switch on circuit-breaker of the DC-voltage sup corresponds to the double earth fault preference L1
ply. After maximum 0.5 seconds, the green LED in before L3 before L2. In an electrically connected sy
the front panel must light up and the red "fault" stem, the connection type must be the same at both
indication must extinguish after max. 7 seconds. ends of the line.

5-6 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  : (%& !' $$ !" 

   

5.2.4.3 Connection for increased


   earth-fault sensitivity L1-L3-E

 % 2'$ 1$,1(2(4(27 2- 1(,&*$.' 1$ $ 02' % 3*21 +312 !$
'(&'$0 2' , 2' 2 "'($4$# 5(2' 2'$ 12 ,# 0# "-,,$"9

to 7SD600
 2(-, %-0 (,12 ,"$ (, 1712$+1 5(2' *-5 0$1(12 ,"$ $ 029
'$# 12 0 .-(,21 2'(1 + 7 !$ . 02( **7 "'($4$# !7 "-,9

 ,$"2(-, -% + 2"'(,& 20 ,1%-0+$0  1 1'-5, (,
(&30$

 -,1(#$0(,& 2'$ *- #(,& -% 2'$ "300$,2
 20 ,1%-0+$0 2'(1 "(0"3(2 " , !$ 31$# 2- ..0-6(+ 2$*7
#-3!*$ 2'$ "300$,2 (, 2'$ ,$320 * "-,#3"2-0 '$ $ 02'

  % 3*2 1$,1(2(4(27 (1 (,"0$ 1$# 2- % "2-0 (, 2'$ 0 ,&$ -%
*3&& !*$ *(,)1   2-
 (, 0$* 2(-, 2- 2'$ 17++$20(" * 2'0$$
 .' 1$ "300$,2 , 2'$ " 1$ -% '' 1'-02"(0"3(21
   2'$ 1 +$ 1$,1(2(4(27 ..*($1 1 %-0 12 ,# 0# "-,,$"9
2(-,
Figure 5.3 Standard connection L1-L3-E

  
5.2.4.2 Connection for reduced
earth-fault sensitivity L1-L2-L3 


, $ 02'$# 1712$+1 5(2' . 02("3* 0*7 *-5 8$0- 1$9

to 7SD600

/3$,"$ (+.$# ,"$ 2'$ % 3*2 "300$,2 %-0 1(,&*$
.' 1$ $ 02' % 3*2 + 7 !$ &0$ 2$0 2' , 2'$ % 3*2 "309 

0$,2 %-0 25-.' 1$ 1'-02"(0"3(2 , 13"' " 1$1
2 )(,& (,2- ""-3,2 2'$ 2'$0+ * 120$11 -% 2'$ +$ 139 
0(,& "(0"3(2 2'$ "300$,2 20 ,1%-0+$0 (1 "-,,$"2$# 1 
1'-5, (, (&30$
  '$ 1$,1(2(4(27 "-+. 0$# 2- 2'$ 


17++$20(" 2'0$$.' 1$ "300$,2 (1 !$25$$, 
,#
*3&& !*$ *(,)1 
  %-0 ** 27.$1 -% 1'-02"(0"3(21 

  

   Figure 5.5 Connection L1-L3-E with


increased earth-fault sensitivity


to 7SD600





 
*3&& !*$ *(,)1 


  

Figure 5.4 Connection L1-L2-L3 with


reduced earth-fault sensitivity

($+$,1   ,3 07 

  
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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      MT
N1 C MT Y
If the current transformers of the two line ends have
N2
different primary nominal currents, the currents need 2
H
to be matched via the matching transformer. Mat
ching is carried out at the line end with the lower pri



N1 A
mary nominal current.
N2
As current inputs are galvanically isolated in the 1
F
4AM4930, the matching transformers can be inserted
in an auto-transformer mode. This makes better use
L
of the rating of the matching transformer and enables
implementation of a lower-rating type, such as the 3
N1 M Z
4AM51 70-7AA. Figure 5.6 shows a sample connec
N2 Pluggable links D-G
tion.
B-E
The actual transformation ratio of the matching trans L1 L2 L3
former is determined as follows:
Figure 5.6 Matching unequal primary currents
I Nprimary for higher rated current
r Iminimum + minimum
I Nprimary for lower rated current
   
This means that the turn ratio is

N1 I Nprimary for lower rated current If a system without an earthed neutral only has two
minimum + minimum current transformers, the phase on the device wi
N2 I Nprimary for higher rated current
thout a current transformer remains free (Figure 5.7).
with In the case of a double earth fault, the fault is not de
tected by the protection. This must conform to the
N1 - relative number of turns of the side facing the double earth fault preference in the whole of the elec
main current transformer, trically connected system. Please note that the same
N2 - relative number of turns of the side facing the phase must also be free at the other line end, even if
summation transformer. it is fitted with three current transformers.
Example:
Current transformer at line end : 500 A/1 A C MT Y
Current transformer at line end : 400 A/1 A
2
Matching is carried out at line end : H



N1 I Nprimary for lower rated current A


+
N2 I Nprimary for higher rated current
1
F
N1
+ 400 A + 0, 8 corresponds to e.g. 4050 turns
N2 500 A
L

If the earth-fault sensitivity is to be increased in ac 3


M Z
cordance with section 5.2.4.3, the matching transfor
mer inserted in the earth current path, as shown in Pluggable links D-G
B-E
Figure 5.6, can also be used for this purpose.
L1 L2 L3

Figure 5.7 Two-phase connection L1-L3

5-8 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

 
   

  
 Implementation of sets of transformers with widely
varying responses is not permitted, e.g. a linearized
Very large short-circuit currents flowing through the transformer at one end of a line and a closed iron core
protected zone in particular may cause larger transfor transformer at the other end.
mation errors due to the current transformers satura
The line differential protection 7SD600 makes the fol
ting. Due to the stabilization of the differential protec
lowing demands on the current transformer:
tion, differences
in the transformation by the current transformers can 1. The current transformers may not saturate due to
to a large degree be tolerated by the differential cur the maximum steady-state through fault current:
rent measurement. Nevertheless, the current trans
I kgmax
formers must have a minimum degree of conformity  w
at the largest short-circuit arising in the application. I Npr
Ikd max = Maximum steady-state fault current
If the differential protection is connected to linearized
INpr = Primary rated current of the transformer
current transformers at both line ends, it is essential
to ensure that the overall connected load is not grea 2. Any deviation of current transformer data (opera
ter than the rated burden of the transformer. If a clo tional accuracy limit factors) at both ends must be
sed iron core transformer is connected, it is neces within the following range (assuming the same
sary to determine the operational accuracy limit primary currents):
factors in order to check that there is sufficient con
3/4 v 1' / 2' v 4/3
formity at the highest fault currents. The values speci
fied on the rating plate for the accuracy limit factor  For detailed determination of current transformer re
are minimum values. quirements, see appendix A.4.
The operational accuracy limit factor ' can be calcula
ted from the data of the current transformer and the
connected load using the following equation:  
   
   

P N ) P E
 +  @ The measuring principle of the 7SD600 requires a
P W ) P E
symmetrical pilot wire pair between the two stations.
whereby: The rated voltage must correspond to the voltages
that may be induced by faults. It must be at least 500
' = Operational accuracy limit factor
V. The symmetry of the pilot wires must comply with
 = Accuracy limit factor
Post Office requirements for telephone operation
PN = Rated burden of the current transformer
(symmetrical wire/wire at 800 Hz:10-3).
PE = Internal burden of the current transformer
PW = Connected burden Pilot wires as cable connections must always be
checked for high-voltage interference. The wires of
The internal burden PE is not specified on the rating
the protection cable must be able to cope, not only
plate of the current transformer. It can be determined
with the load of the currents to be transmitted and
by measuring the resistance of the secondary win
their fault-induced voltage peaks, but also with any
ding The internal burden cannot be calculated from
external stresses.
the rated burden. Current transformers with rated
burden equal to or greater than the connected burden The greatest electrical danger for pilot wires cables
and with a sufficiently large accuracy limit factor occurs in high-voltage systems during a short-circuit
should be used for the 7SD600.. with earthing. The fault current induces a longitudinal
voltage in the pilot wires running parallel to the high-
voltage line.
The induced voltage in the pilot wires can be preven
ted by using highly conductive cable sheaths and spe
cial armor (minimum possible reduction factor for

Siemens AG January 1999 5-9


  
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

both high-voltage cables and protective cable). In ad


dition, the lines can be isolated via transformers,
which serves to sectionalize the longitudinal voltage. Warning
The induced voltage can be calculated using the follo
wing formula: The longitudinal voltage in the pilot wires
UI = 2   @ M  k1 @ l @ r1 @ r2 (induced by the earth-fault current)
must not exceed a max. 60 % of the ra
with ted voltage.
UI = Induced longitudinal voltage in V,
f = Nominal frequency in Hz,
This means that if 1.2 kV is exceeded, the devices
M = Mutual inductance between power lines and
must be electrically isolated from the pilot wires by
pilot wire in mH/km,
isolating transformers. The rated voltage of the pilot
k1 = Maximum single-phase fault current in kA,
wires may make a further sectionalization necessary.
l = Length of parallel section between power
Even if isolating transformers are used, the voltage
lines and pilot wires in km,
must not exceed either 60 % of the rated voltage of
r1 = Reduction factor of power cable
the isolating transformer or 60 % of the rated voltage
(1 for overhead lines),
of the pilot wire!
r2 = Reduction factor of pilot wire cable.
This isolation can be achieved using the isolating
Only half of the calculated induced voltage needs to
transformer 7XR9513 (Figure 5.8). The center tap T1
be taken into account as it builds up at both ends of
on the side facing the relay must be earthed to elimi
the isolated-neutral pilot wires.
nate the risk of electrical shocks. On the pilot wire
The external electric circuits of the 7SD600 are desi side, the center tap T2 must not be earthed.
gned for 2 kV rated voltage. Pilot wires with max. 2
kV rated voltage can therefore be directly connected.

Caution
The pilot wires must not be earthed or
fitted with surge arrestors.

1 K1 L2 K2 L1 2

7SD600 T1 T2 T2 T1 7SD600
T2 must not T2 must not
be earthed! be earthed!
2 L1 K2 L2 K1 1
7XR9513 7XR9513

         

5 - 10 Siemens AG January 1999



 

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  : (%& !' $$ !" 

   

 
 

  
 

   , 2'$ +$,3 (2$+1 5'("' 0$/3(0$ "-#$ 5-0# 2'$
     #$4("$ (1 (,%-0+$# -% 2'$ (,2$,#$# .0$1$22(,& *2$0 9
2(-, !7 .0$11(,& $(2'$0 2'$  -0  )$7 8 
-12 -% 2'$ -.$0 2-0 %3,"2(-,1 0$/3(0$ (,.32 -% 2'$, ..$ 01 -, 2'$ #(1.* 7 2- .0-+.2 (,.32 -% 2'$
"-#$ 5-0# '(1 (1 .0$1$2 )$7 1$/3$,"$ 5'("' "-#$ 5-0#       
+312 !$ (,.32 !$%-0$ $,20($1 4( 2'$ -.$0 2-0 )$7. #       '$1$ )$71 +312 !$ .0$11$#
-0 1712$+ (,2$0% "$ 5'("' 0$* 2$ 2- 2'$ .0-2$"2(-, (, 2'$ (,#(" 2$# 1$/3$,"$ ,# "-,%(0+$# 5(2'  %
%3,"2(-,1 -% 2'$ #$4("$ 13"' 1 2'$ "-#$ 5-0# ' 1 !$$, $,2$0$# "-00$"2*7 2'$ #(1.* 7
D -,%(&30 2(-, . 0 +$2$01 %-0 -.$0 2(,& * ,&3 &$ 1'-51 
(,2$0% "$ ,# #$4("$ "-,%(&30 2(-, 7 .0$11(,& 2'$ )$7 & (, 2'$ #(1.* 7 0$230,1 2- (21
D  01' **(,& -% 20(. 0$* 71 (,#(" 2(-,1 !(, 07 (,.321 -0(&(, * 12 2$ 2'(1 2(+$ 5(2' 2'$ * 12 "' 0 "2$0 3,#$0*(9
,# 1 ,$# 5'("' (,#(" 2$1 2' 2 2'$ #$4("$ (1 ,-5 0$ #7 %-0
*2$0 2(-, (,.32 1$ 2'$  -0  )$7 2- "' ,&$ 2'$
D $22(,& -% %3,"2(-, . 0 +$2$01 2'0$1'-*# 4 *3$1 .0$1$2 2$62 -0 ,3+$0(" * 4 *3$  %* 1'(,& "301-0 .9
%3,"2(-,1 .$ 01 5(2' 2'$ %(012 *2$0 2(-, ,# (,#(" 2$1 2' 2 2'$
D 0(&&$0(,& -% 2$12 1$/3$,"$1 #$4("$ (1 ,-5 -.$0 2(,& (, ' ,&$ $22(,&1 +-#$
3,2(* 2'$ ,$5 4 *3$ (1 ""$.2$# !7 .0$11(,& 2'$ $,2$0
1 .0--% -% (#$,2(%(" 2(-, ,# 1 1$"30(27 & (,12 (, #9 )$7  '$ ' ,&$ $22(,&1 +-#$ (1 *1- $,#$# 5'$,
4$02$,2 "' ,&$1 (,.32 -% "-#$ 5-0# (1 ,$"$11 07 7-3 /3(2 2'$ 1$22(,& *$4$* -0 5'$, 2'$ +-,(2-0(,& 2(+$
' 1 $6.(0$#

'$ "' 0 "2$01 $,2$0$# 0$ ,-2 1'-5, -, 2'$ #(1.* 7


C W : ,12$ # , (1 #(1.* 7$# 1 1--, 1 2'$ (,.32 (1
@ @ @ "-,%(0+$# !7 .0$11(,&    (1 #(1.* 7$# (% 2'$
"-#$ 5-0# 5 1 "-00$"2 -,2(,3$ 5(2' 

C W O K _

 ,"-00$"2 (1 #(1.* 7$# (% 2'$ (,.32 5 1 50-,&


C W i n c o r r e c t 0$11 2'$  -0  )$7 0$.$ 2$#*7 2- $,2$0 ,$5 "-#$
5-0#

($+$,1   ,3 07

  
       

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The operator interface comprises a hierarchically menu tree appears. Pressing " leads to the 2nd level
structured menu tree which can be navigated using starting with the programming block (00 PRO). Re
the scrolling keys A; "; Y and B, thus providing peated pressing of the B key takes you through the
access to each operating object. A complete over tree up to block 71. The Yand A keys take you to
view can be found in appendix C. Figure 5.9 shows the previous block or previous operating level.
the steps required to reach configuration.
Next to the block number, the heading of the block
If the device is ready to run and in its initial state, "Integrated operation" is shown in abbreviated form
start by pressing the B key: "Settings" (SET.), the (INT. OP):
first main menu item in the first operating level of the


Y 7 1 INT. OP Beginning of the configuration block
B "Integrated Operation"

Address blocks 71 to 74 are provided for the configu As an alternative to local operation, the device can
ration of the range of functions. This is where all set also be set with the protection operating program
tings are carried out which deal with the operation of DIGSI 3 via the serial interface. This requires a con
the device, communication with external operating verter that carries out conversion from the RS485
and evaluation devices via the serial interface and interface on the device to the RS232 interface.
fault value storage.

5 - 12 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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  3 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

7 S D 6 0 0
V 3 . 0

S E T T I N G S 0 0 P R O

0 1 S Y S T E M
D A T A

7 1 INT. OP 7 1 L A N G
E N G L I S H

7 2 P C 7 2 D E V A D
I N T E R 1

7 2 F I E L D A D
1

 
   
  


                


 

*++ ,! "#1 ,' +/",! ,' ,! * $.$ & ,!  ! +'& "+($1 $"& +!'/+ ,! ,0, '* .$-
"*+, '&" -*,"'& $'# *'% !* 1'- & *,-*& ,' ' ,! (*%,* + ,!  '*  #1 ,' !& 
,!
& '(*,"& $.$ /",! ,! A #1 & *'% ,! (*+, ,0, '* &-%*"$ .$-  '(*,"'& "+ *2
,!* /",! ,! B #1 ,' ,! &0, '(*,"& $'#  *" '-, ."   & ,! '(*,"& (*' *% R
, ! +,,"& (*%,* "+ "&,"" 1  " ", 2
*++ &-%*
! "+($1 +!'/+ ,!
" ", $'# &-%* & ,!
+" &""& ' ,! *)-+, (*%,* + " -*

"%&+  &-*1  


  
       

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1 7+( )2//2:,1* ,*85(6 7+,6 ,6 6+2:1 ,1 %5$&.(76 1(;7 3/< 7+( 1(: 6(77,1* !+( 1(: 9$/8( 25 7(;7 ,6 6+2:1
72 7+( (;3/$1$7,216 2:(9(5 ,) <28 35(66 7+( 2 .(< N 7+( &+$1*(
(17(5(' 6,1&( 7+( E .(< :$6 /$67 35(66(' ,6 &$1&(/('
25 7(;7 3$5$0(7(56 7+( 1(;7 7(;7 7+(1 $33($56 :+,&+
$1' 7+( 2/' 9$/8( 25 7(;7 ,6 ',63/$<(' !+,6 (1$%/(6
,6 (17(5(' ,1 7+( %2; $77$&+(' 72 7+( ',63/$< %2; (7&
<28 72 &$1&(/ $1< (5521(286 &+$1*(6 !2 &217,18( 72
!+( 6(/(&7(' $/7(51$7,9( is confirmed by pressing
6&52// )25:$5' <28 0867 12: 35(66 7+( 5(/(9$17 $5=
the enter key E "+(1 7+( /$67 3266,%/( $/7(51$7,9(
52: .(< $*$,1
+$6 %((1 5($&+(' 86,1* 7+(  .(< $1< )857+(5
35(66,1* 2) 7+( .(< :,// +$9( 12 ())(&7 !+,6 $/62 $3= "+(1 7+( &21),*85$7,21 2) $ &21),*85$7,21 3$5$0(7(5
3/,(6 :+(1 7+( ),567 $/7(51$7,9( ,6 5($&+(' 86,1* 7+( ,6 7(50,1$7(' %< 35(66,1* 7+( (17(5 .(< E 7+( $662=
 .(< &,$7(' '$7$ $5( 3(50$1(17/< 6$9(' $1' 3527(&7('
$*$,167 32:(5 )$,/85( ,1 6
(77,1*6 :+,&+ 5(48,5( $ 180(5,&$/ 9$/8( &$1 %( &+$1=
*(' 67$57,1* )520 7+( 35(6(7 9$/8( 86,1* 7+(  .(<
)25 $ +,*+(5 9$/8( 25 7+(  .(< )25 $ /2:(5 9$/8(
$1' &21),50(' :,7+ 7+( E .(< 217,18286 35(66,1* 2)
5.3.2 Settings for integrated operation
7+(  25  .(< $&76 $6 $ 5(3($7 .(< )81&7,21 6,=
- block 71
08/$7,1* 5(3($7(' (175,(6 !+( /21*(5 7+( .(< ,6 35(6=
6(' 7+( )$67(5 7+( 3$&( 2) 7+( 5(3($7(' .(< 6752.(6
/2&. 71 $//2:6 <28 72 &+$1*( 7+( 23(5$7,1* /$1=
1 7+,6 0$11(5 6(77,1*6 $&5266 $ /$5*( 6(77,1* 5$1*(
*8$*(
&$1 %( &$55,(' 287 5$3,'/< $1' &219(1,(17/< :,7+ $
60$// 6(77,1* 67(3 1 '(/,9(5< 2) 7+( '(9,&( 7+( ',63/$< 2873876 ,16758&=
7,216 $1' '(6,*1$7,216 ,1 1*/,6+ 520 %/2&.
) <28 $77(037 72 6&52// )25:$5' 72 $127+(5 23(5$7,1*
6(( $%29( <28 &$1 6:,7&+ 72 7+(
5' 23(5$7,1*
2%-(&7 25 3$*( 72 $127+(5 23(5$7,1* /(9(/ 86,1* 7+(
/(9(/ :+(5( 7+( 23(5$7,1* /$1*8$*( &$1 %( &+$1*('
$552: .(<6 :,7+287 ),567 &21),50,1* $1 $/7(5$7,21 :,7+
!+( &855(17/< $9$,/$%/( 23(5$7,1* /$1*8$*(6 $5( 6+2:1
7+( E .(< 7+( )2//2:,1* 352037 $33($56 +$1*(
,1 7+( %2;(6 %(/2:
3$5$0(7(5 21),50 :,7+ 7+( #(6 .(< Y/J 72 $3=

[7101]
A 7 1 L A N G !+( $9$,/$%/( /$1*8$*(6 &$1 %( &$//(' 83 21 6&5((1 %<
E N G L I S H 5(3($7('/< 35(66,1* 7+(  25  .(< ($&+ /$1*8$*( ,6
',63/$<(' ,1 ,76 1$7,9( 721*8( !+( 5(48,5(' /$1*8$*(
,6 7+(1 6(/(&7(' %< 35(66,1* 7+( (17(5 .(< E
+ D E U T S C H

E S P A N O L

 ,(0(16  $18$5< 


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

        message. Transmission gaps arise when using mo

 dems with data compression, error correction and
differences in baud rate. If the transmission quality
The device is equipped with one serial RS485 inter between modems is good, the setting 1.0is recom
face which enables the connection of several devices mended. In the event of a bad connection, this value
in series via an electric bus. An RS485/RS232 conver needs to be increased. Please note that the GAP set
ter is required for conversion to a PC interface. Com ting must be smaller than the value "Response time
munication via this interface requires certain declara protective device" in the protection operator software
tions with regard to device identification, transmission DIGSIR V3. Recommended value:
format and transmission speed.
For this purpose, certain settings need to be made in "Respose time protective device"
block 72, whereby the code word must be entered GAP [
2
(see section 5.3.1). The entered data must match the
devices to be connected. High values for "Response time protective device"
A setting for the serial transmission GAP only needs slow down communication in the event of transmis
to be set if the device is required to communicate via sion errors. If connection is directly to a PC, the GAP
modem. The GAP is set to the maximum permissible can be set to 0.0s.
time duration of the GAP during transmission of a



Y 7 2 P C Beginning of the "PC interface" block
"
B I N T E R



7 2 D E V A D Identification number of the device within the station.
A B The number is arbitrary but must be unique within the
1
substation system.
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  



7 2 F i e l d A D Number of the branch within the station
A B (field address).
1
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  



7 2 S t a t a d d Identification number of the station, in case more
A B than one station can be operated.
1
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 15


  
       

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7 2 F T Y P E Function type of the device in accordance with
A B VDEW/ZVEI or IEC 60870-5-103; 192 applies for the
1 9 2
differential protection. This address is mainly for infor
mation and should not be changed.


7 2 P C I N T E R Data format for the serial interface format for the Sie
A B mens protection data processing program 
 R
D I G S I V 3
version  (recommended setting for PC operation)

 format
+ A S C I I

V D E W k o m  /ZVEI compatible format (IEC 60870-5-103) for


connection to a station control system


7 2 G A P Maximum message gap permitted during transmis
A B sion via modem
1 . 0 S
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  s
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  s


7 2 B A U D The transmission speed for the serial interface can be
A B changed by repeatedly pressing the "+" or "-" key;
9 6 0 0 B A U D
input is confirmed by pressing the enter key
.

+ 1 9 2 0 0 B A U D

1 2 0 0 B A U D

2 4 0 0 B A U D

4 8 0 0 B A U D


7 2 P A R I T Parity of transmission messages can be modified:
A Y for 
 R version  with even parity and one stop
D I G S I V 3
bit. Also applies to IEC 60870-5-103.

+ O D D 1 S T to transmission devices which require  parity and


  bit

N O N E 2 S T to transmission devices which require parity and


   bits

N O N E 1 S T to transmission devices which require parity and


   bit

5 - 16 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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5.3.4 Settings for fault detection - block 74 the drop off of the last fault detection. For the
7SD600 this is also the extent of a fault record.
The differential protection is equipped with fault data
The actual storage time begins with pre-fault time T
storage (see section 4.5.2, page 4 - 16). A distinction
PRE before the reference time and ends with the
is made between the reference time and the storage
post-fault time T POS after the storage criterion has
criterion. As a rule, the reference time is the device
disappeared. The maximum permissible overall sto
trip (ST.TRIP) which also serves as the storage crite
rage time per fault record is set as T MAX. Overall, a
rion. Alternatively, fault detection can also be selected
total of maximum 5 s is available for
as reference time (see section 4.3.8), whereby the
fault storage. This period allows for storage of up to 8
storage criterion can also be the fault detection (
fault records.
) or the device trip command ( ).
A fault begins with the tripping by the differential pro
tection function or the remote tripping and ends with

[7400]
Y 7 4 FAULT Beginning of "Fault storage" block
"
B S T O R

[7402]
7 4 S T O F Fault data storage is activated:
A B
S T . TRIP D Trip command as reference time and trip com
mand as storage criterion
+ S P . TRIP D General fault detection as reference time and trip
command as storage criterion
S P . STA D General fault detection as reference time and ge
neral fault detection as storage criterion

[7410]
7 4 T M A X Maximum time available for fault value storage
A B
2 . 0 0 s Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.30 s
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.00 s

[7411]
7 4 T PRE Period before starting time (reference time according
A B to the selected event for fault storage activation), at
0 . 2 0 s
which the fault value storage should begin
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.05 s
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.50 s

[7412]
7 4 POS Period after drop off of the storage criterion after
A Y which recording of the fault values should end
0 . 1 0 s
Lowest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.05 s
Highest setting: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.50 s

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 17


     

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 section 6.2. Alterations to the configuration parame
ters require input of the code word (see section
The device 7SD600 provides a range of protective 5.3.1). Without the code word, the settings can be
and additional functions, which can be enabled or di read out but not changed.
sabled through configuration such as, e.g. the pilot
The operating block 00 is provided for configuration.
wire monitoring function.
This can be reached from the initial state of the de
The configuration parameters are input via the inte vice in level 1 by scrolling with the B keys (forwards)
grated control panel at the front of the device or by and subsequently switching to the 2nd operating level
means of a PC via the serial operator interface. Hand by means of the " (next level). Block 00 CONfigura
ling of the control panel is explained in further detail in tion appears (see Figure 5.10).

7 S D 6 0 0
V 3 . 0

S E T . 0 0 CON 0 0 W . MON
Non. EXIST

           

Figure 5.10Excerpt from the menu tree: Selecting configuration block for the protective functions

Within block 00 you can switch to the 3rd operating "+" or "-" keys. When the last possible alternative
level with " and scroll forward with Y or scroll back has been reached using the "+" key, any further
with Y. Each additional scrolling action leads to a furt pressing of the key will have no effect. This also ap
her operating object for setting a configuration para plies when the first alternative is reached using the
meter. In the following sections each operating object "-" key. The correct alternative can be confirmed by
is shown in a box and explained. The top line of the pressing the enter key !
display panel, behind the block number, shows the
If operation is carried out via a PC using the operating
device function being configured. The second line
program DIGSIR, each setting parameter is identified
contains the associated text (e.g. "EXIST."). If this
by a 4-digit address number. In the following Figures
text is correct, you can use the arrow keys B or Y
this is shown in brackets next to the explanations.
to scroll to the next operating object. If the text needs
to be changed, you will need to enter the code word If you attempt to scroll on without confirming an alte
before you can use the "+" or "-" keys to call up an ration with the enter key , the following prompt will
alternative text on the display (e.g. "Non EXIST."). appear: "Change parameter ?". Confirm with the
There may be several alternatives which can be dis "Yes" key  to apply the new settings. The new
played on the display panel by repeatedly pressing the value or text is shown. However, if you press the

5 - 18 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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"No" key N, the change entered since the E key was 5.4.2 Configuring the functional scope of the
last pressed is canceled and the old value or text is device - block 00
displayed. This enables you to cancel any erroneous
changes. To continue to scroll forward, you must now The available protective and additional functions can
press the relevant arrow key again. be configured as ent or  ent. It is
even possible to select more than one alternative for
When the setting of a configuration parameter is ter
some functions.
minated by pressing the enter key E, the associated
data are permanently saved and protected against Functions which have been configured as
power failure in EEPROMs.  ent will not be processed in the 7SD600.
There will be no indications and the associated setting
Using the A keys (back one level), you can switch
parameters (functions, threshold values) will not be
back to the 2nd operating level and move to the next
queried during setting (see section 6.3). In contrast,
operating block with B (forwards) or, by pressing the
the switching off of a function means that the func
A key again, you can switch to the first operating le
tion will be processed, that indications will be genera
vel.
ted (e.g. "... switched off"), but that the function will
not affect the overall protection system (e.g. no trip
command).
The following boxes show the options for maximum
configuration of the device. In practice, functions
which are not available will not be displayed.

[7800]
A 0 0 C O N Beginning of the block "Configuring functional scope"
"
B

Pilot wire monitoring:

[7816]
0 0 PW . MON
A B
E X I S T . available

not available
+ NON . EXIST .

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 19


    

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  A similar situation applies to binary inputs. In this
case, external information is transmitted to the device
The definition of the binary inputs and outputs shown (e.g. "blocking I>>") via a (physical) input module in
in the general plans (appendix A) relate to the factory order to initiate the (logical) function of blocking the
settings of the device on delivery. However, allocation I>> stage. The relevant question to the operator is
of the inputs and outputs to the relevant functions therefore: Which signal of a (physical) binary input
can be altered and thus adapted to the particular local should trigger which reaction in the protection de
conditions. vice? A single binary input can trigger up to 10 (logi
Marshalling of the inputs, outputs and displays is car cal) functions.
ried out by means of the control panel on the front The command relays of the device can also be mars
panel or via the operator interface. Handling of the halled to different functions. Each command relay can
control panel is explained in further detail in section be controlled by command functions.
6.2. Marshalling begins at block 60.
Signal functions can also be used in a variety of ways.
Marshalling requires input of the code word (see sec For example, a signal function can actuate several
tion 5.3.1). Without the code word, the settings can signal relays, trip several command relays, as well as
be read out but not changed. A flashing cursor on the be displayed on the LEDs and controlled by binary
display indicates that the device is now in alteration inputs.
mode, starting with the first alteration after input of
The marshalling process is structured such that each
the code word and continuing until the end of the
physical input/output module (binary input, signal re
marshalling process.
lay, LED and command relay) will be queried with re
While the programs are running in the 7SD600, speci gard to the assignment of (logical) functions.
fic logical functions arise which are assigned to speci
The available logical functions are listed in the follo
fic physical inputs and outputs.
wing sections.
Example: A pick up is detected by one of the integra
The marshalling parameter blocks are reached by
ted protective functions. This event is generated in
scrolling with the keys B (forwards) or Y(back
the device as an "indication" (logical function). The
wards), " (next level) and A (previous level). If the
indication must be made available at specific device
device is ready to run and in its initial state in level 1,
terminals as make contacts. Since specific device
you can reach the start of the marshalling blocks as
terminals are hard-wired to one specific signal relay
follows (see Figure 5.11):
(physical), e.g. signal relay 2, the device must be in
formed that the logical indication "FT.det" must be D Press the B key (forwards),
sent to signal relay 2. Thus two operator statements D use the " key (next level) to switch to the second
are of particular importance during marshalling: Which operating level,
protection-generated (logical) indication signal should
be transmitted to which (physical) signal relay? Seve D scroll with the B key until block 60 appears on the
ral (up to 20) indication signals can be transmitted to a display:
single (physical) signal relay.


6 0 R O U T Beginning of the marshalling blocks

5 - 20 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
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7 S D 6 0 0
V 3 . 0

S E T 0 0 C O N

6 0 R O U T 6 1 R O U T 6 1 R O U T 6 1 B I 1 1
B I 1 B I 1 > L E D Q .

6 1 B 1 1 0
not a l l.

6 1 R O U T 6 1 B I 2 1
B I 2 > D I F b l k

6 1 B 2 1 0
not a l l.

6 1 R O U T 6 1 B I 3 1
B I 3 > R e s . L Q

6 1 B 3 1 0
not a l l.

   
   
   
   
   

    

  
          
    

 " !. )!( .%* )% ) $-) #'("" $ "%! , ) $ )% ) $-) "+" , ) ) " !. )!( .%*

 #'("" $ %  $'. $&*)( %' )A !. )% ) )*" (") %$ "+" %' ) ""%) "% "
)!( .%* ! )% )
() %&') $ "+" ()) $( *$) %$(  )%& " $ % )  (&". %$) $( ) &./
 ) $  "%! .%* $ % )% ) $-) "+" , ) ) ( " $&*) %*)&*) #%*" %""%, . 
)%   )
" !. ,' .%* $ ('%"" %','( , ) ) B !. $- $*#'  $  (&". " $ %$) $( ) *'/
$ !,'( , ) ) Y !.  *')' ('%"" $ '$)". (( $ "% " *$) %$
"( )% )  (&". $ $)''%) %$ % $  ) %$"
$ ) ( ) "+" )  !. ")( .%* "" *& "" #'(/
$&*) %*)&*) %'  (&".  $# % ) $&*) %' %*)/
""" $&*) %*)&*) *$) %$( %$ )  (&". %$
&*) #%*" &&'( $ )  (&". (  $
.%* + $)' ) % ,%' %* $ "(% ('%""
!,'( , ) )  !.

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The required function is confirmed with the enter key 5.5.2 Marshalling of the binary inputs
E. Additional functions (under further index numbers) - block 61
can then be selected for the same physical module
using the B key. Each selection must be confirmed The device has 3 binary inputs which are designated
with the E key. If the particular input of a physical mo BI 1 to BI 3. They can be marshalled in block 61. You
dule is not assigned, the "not all." function (not can reach the block from the initial state of the device
allocated) is selected. in level 1 as follows: Press the B key (forwards),
switch to the 2nd operating level with the " key
To exit the selection level, press A. The previous ope
(next level), scroll with the B key until block 60 ap
rating level appears on the display. You can now
pears on the display. Use the " key to switch to ope
switch to the next physical input/output module by
rating level 3 !: Marshalling binary inputs, see Figure
pressing the B key or to the previous module with
5.11).
theY key where you can then proceed as before.
Selection is carried out as described in section 5.5.1.
The following sections specify the marshalling for the
binary inputs, binary outputs and displays. The arrow A choice is available for each binary input function as
keysB Y or " A next to the display boxes indicate to whether the activated voltage is applied, or whe
the method of scrolling from operating level to opera ther it is removed, whereby:
ting level as well as within the block or selection le D ( ) activated with voltage:
vel. The arrow keys which lead to the next operating The input acts corresponding to a make contact,
object in accordance with the logical sequence of the i.e. the control voltage at the input terminals acti
marshalling process are indicated in bold Figures. vates the function;
You will find full details of the available function de D (C) activated with voltage reset:
signations in appendix C. If operation is carried out via The input acts as a break contact, i.e. the control
a PC and the operating program DIGSIR, each setting voltage at the input terminals resets the function.
parameter is identified by a 4-digit address number. If there is no control voltage, the function is active.
In the following Figures this is shown in brackets next
to the explanations. When scrolling with the "+" or "-" key, each input
function is displayed either without a status indication
If you attempt to scroll on without confirming a mars (activated with voltage) or with the status indication
halling with the enter key E , the following prompt will "R" (activated with voltage reset). The selected func
appear: "Change parameter ?". Confirm with the tion must be confirmed with the enter key E.
"Yes" key J/Y to confirm and apply the new setting.
The new text is displayed. However, if you press the Table 5.1 shows a list of all the input functions with
"No" key N, the change entered since the E key was their respective function numbers Fno. Input func
last pressed is canceled and the old text is displayed. tions have no effect if the relevant protective function
This enables you to cancel any erroneous changes. To of the device has been configured so that it is not
continue to scroll forward, you must now press the available (see section 5.4.2).
relevant arrow key again. The general diagrams in appendix A show the assign
When the marshalling is terminated by pressing the ment of the binary inputs on delivery. The following
enter key E the allocations are immediately applied boxes show an example assignment for binary input
and permanently saved and protected against power 1. Table 5.2 shows all presettings.
failure in EEPROMs.

5 - 22 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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A 6 1 R O U T Beginning of the block "Marshalling of binary inputs"
"
B B I

Use the " key to go to the first binary input:


A 6 1 R O U T Assignment of binary inputs 1
"
B B I 1

Switch to the selection level with the "key:


6 1 B I 1 1 Reset memorized LED, Fno. 5;
A B activated with voltage: if input is activated, the LEDs
> Res. LED
are reset


6 1 B I 1 2 Y No further functions are activated by input 1.
A
not a l l. B

The "+" key lets you call up all marshallable input Each selection must be confirmed with the E key. If
functions on the display once you have entered the the slot of a physical module is not assigned, the
code word. The "-" key also lets you scroll back "not all." function (not allocated) is selected.
wards through the list of alternatives. The required
You can exit the selection level of binary input 1 with
function is confirmed with the enter key . Additional
the A key. The B key takes you to the next binary
functions under further index numbers (1 to 10) can
input.
then be selected for binary input 1 using the B key.

Table 5.1 Marshallable binary input functions


Fno. Short text Logical function
(display on LCD)
2 not all. Input has not been allocated to a function
5 >Res. LED Reset LEDs
1157 >CBcl Circuit-breaker auxiliary contact: all poles activated
3003 >DIFblk Blocking of DIF protective function
3008 >Res.LO Reset Lockout function
3303 >REM blk Blocking of remote tripping
3306 >Rem.Tr. Inter trip of remote station
3333 >Rem.Tr.bl Blocking of trip by remote station
3363 >PWM bl Blocking of pilot wire monitoring

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 23


  
       

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An overview of the factory settings for the binary in


puts is provided in table 5.2.

Table 5.2 Factory set binary inputs


4th operating level 5th operating level Fno. Comment
MARSHALLING BINARY INPUTS Block heading

61 MARSH BI 1 6 1 B I 1 1 3003 Blocking of DIF protective function


> D I F b l k

61 MARSH BI 2 6 1 B I 2 1 3008 Reset Lockout function


> R e s . L O

61 MARSH BI 3 6 1 B I 3 1 5 Reset LED


> R e s. L E D

           Table 5.3 shows a list of all the signal functions with
their respective function numbers Fno. Signal func
The device has 3 signal outputs (signal relays). As tions have no effect if the relevant protective function
signment of signal relay SR 1 is fixed with the indica of the device is not available or has been configured
tion "Protection ready". This indication appears when so that it is not available.
the self-monitoring of the device has not detected
The general diagrams in appendix A show the assign
any faults.
ment of the signal relays on delivery. The following
The other signal relays SR 2 and SR 3 can be marshal boxes show some examples of these. Table 5.4 con
led in block 62. You can reach the block from the in tains a complete list of all presettings.
itial state of the device in level 1 as follows: Press the
 regarding table 5.3. The indications starting
B key (forwards), switch to the 2nd operating level
with ">" are direct feedback information of the bi
with the " key (next level), scroll with the B key
nary input and have identical status to the binary in
until block 60 appears on the display. Switch to opera
put. They appear as long as the relevant binary input
ting level 3 with the " key and scroll to block 62 with
is actuated.
the B key !: Marshalling signal relay. Selection is
carried out as described in section 5.5.1. Multiple in For further information on the indications, see section
dications are permitted, i.e. a logical indication can be 6.4.
transmitted to several signal relays (see section
5.5.1).



A 6 2 R O U T Beginning of the block "Marshalling of signal relays"
"
B S R

Use the " key to go to the first signal relay:



A 6 2 R O U T Marshalling for signal relay 2:
"
B S R 2

5 - 24 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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Switch to the selection level with the "key:


6 2 S R 2 1 Signal relay 2 has the following factory setting:
A B Fault in the pilot wire connection (if pilot wire monito
Fault P W
ring available)


6 2 S R 2 2 Y No further signal functions for signal relay 2
A
not a l l. B

The "+" key lets you call up all marshallable output then be selected for signal relay 1 using the B key.
functions on the display once you have entered the Each selection must be confirmed with the E key. If
code word. The "-" key also lets you scroll back the slot of a physical module is not assigned, the
wards through the list of alternatives. Confirm the "not all." function (not allocated) is selected.
required function with the enter key . Additional
Exit the selection level of signal relay 1 with A. Scroll
functions under further index numbers (1 to 20) can
to the next signal relay with the B key.

Table 5.3 Marshallable binary output functions


Fno. Short text Logical function
(display on LCD)
1 not all. Not allocated
5 > Res. LED >Reset LEDs
52 PF act At least one protective function is active
501 DEV.sta General starting
511 DEV.Tr. Protection (gen.) general trip
1157 >CBcl >CB auxiliary contact all poles closed
1174 CB test Circuit-breaker test in progress
1185 CB test Tr. CB test trip 3-phase
3003 >DIFblk >Blocking of DIF protective function
3008 >Res.LO >Reset Lockout function
3015 DIF.off Differential protection is switched off
3016 DIF.blk Differential protection blocked
3017 DIF.act Differential protection active
3021 PROL.st Prolongation for trip IDIFF> started
3022 DIF.Tr Diff protection general trip
3024 B.DIF S Blocking due to saturation in DIFF current
3026 B.DIF H Blocking due to harmonics
3027 DIF.PR.Tr. Diff protection tripping stage IDIFF>
3028 TT.sen Transmitting transfer trip signal
3030 B.DIF M Blocking by DIFF current monitoring
3031 Lockout Lockout state of trip command
3303 >REM blk >Blocking of inter trip
3306 >REM Tr. >Inter trip of remote station
3312 REM blk. Inter trip is blocked
3316 RT send Transmitting inter trip signal
3333 >Rem.Tr.bl >Blocking of trip by remote station
3341 REM.off Trip from remote station is switched off
3342 OFF.blk Trip from remote station blocked
3343 REM.off.act Trip from remote station active

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 25


  
       

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Table 5.3 Marshallable binary output functions


Fno. Short text Logical function
(display on LCD)
3346 Off.Rem.Tr Trip from remote station: trip
3347 Off.Rem.off Trip from remote station: trip command
3348 Off.Rec Trip from remote station: Receive signal
3363 >PWM bl >Blocking of pilot wire monitoring
3371 PWM off Pilot wire monitoring is switched off
3372 PWM blk Pilot wire monitoring blocked
3376 Fault WM Fault in pilot wire connection

Table 5.4 Factory set indications on signal relay


4th operating level 5th operating level Fno. Comment
MARSHALLING Signal relay Block heading

62 MARSH SR 2 6 2 S R 2 1 3376 Fault in the pilot wire monitoring


Fault WM (only for devices with pilot wire monitoring)

62 MARSH SR 3 6 2 S R 3 1 3031 Lockout state of trip command


L o c k O u t

    


    In addition to the logical function itself, it may also be
selected whether each LED is to operate as memori
The device has 6 LEDs for optical display, 4 of which zed or not memorized. When scrolling with the "+"
can be marshalled. These are designated LED 1 to key, each signal function for the LED is displayed ei
LED 4 and can be marshalled in block 63. The block ther without a status indication (not memorized) or
may be reached from the initial state of the device in with the index "S" (M = memorized).
level 1 as follows: Press the B key (forwards), switch
The marshallable signal functions are the same as
to the 2nd operating level with the " key (next level),
those listed in table 5.3. Signal functions have no ef
scroll with the B key until block 60 appears on the
fect if the relevant protective function in the device
display. Switch to operating level 3 with the " key
has been configured so that it is non existent.
and scroll forwards to block 63 with the B key !:
MARSHalling LED. Selection is carried out as descri The selected function must be confirmed with the
bed in section 5.5.1. Multiple indications are permit enter key .
ted, i.e. a logical indication can be transmitted to se The front view of the device (Figure 6.1) shows the
veral LEDs (see section 5.5.1). assignment of the LED on delivery. The following bo
xes show an example assignment for binary input 1.
Table 5.5 shows all factory settings.

5 - 26 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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A 6 3 M A R S H Beginning of the blocks "Marshalling of the LEDs"
"
B L E D

Use the " key to go to the first marshallable LED:


A 6 3 M A R S H Marshalling for LED 1
"
B L E D 1

Switch to the selection level with the "key:


6 3 L E D 1 1 LED 1 is factory set as follows:
A B
L o c k O u t 1. Lockout state of the trip command, stored display;
Fno. 3031


6 3 L E D 1 2 Y 2. No further signal functions for LED 1
A
not all. B

The "+" key lets you call up all marshallable output then be selected for LED 1 using the B key. Each
functions on the display once you have entered the selection must be confirmed with the  key. If the
code word. The "-" key also lets you scroll back slot of a physical module is not assigned, the "not
wards through the list of alternatives. The required all." function (not allocated) is selected.
function is confirmed with the enter key . Additional
You can exit the selection level of LED 1 with the A
functions under further index numbers (1 to 20) can
key. Scroll to the next LED with the B key.

Table 5.5 Factory set LEDs


4th operating level 5th operating level Fno. Comment
MARSHALLING LEDs Block heading

63 MARSH LED 1 6 3 L E D 1 1 3031 Lockout state of trip command


L o c k O u t

63 MARSH LED 2 6 3 L E D 2 1 511 Protection (gen.) General trip


Dev. Gen.Tr. M

63 MARSH LED 3 6 3 L E D 3 1 3376 Fault in the pilot wire monitoring


F a u l t W M

63 MARSH LED 4 6 3 L E D 4 1
B . D I F . S 3024 Blocking by saturation in the differential current
B . D I F . M 3030 Blocking by DIFF current monitoring
B . D I F . H 3026 Blocking by harmonics

Siemens AG January 1999 5 - 27


  
       

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5.5.5 Marshalling of the command relays - All indications shown in table 5.3 can be marshalled
block 64 to command relays. Command functions have no ef
fect if the relevant protective function in the device is
The device has 2 command relays with trip duty, desi not available, switched off or has been configured so
gnated as CR 1 and CR 2. They can be marshalled in that it is not available or is parameterized as indication
block 64. You can reach the block from the initial state only.
of the device in level 1 as follows: Press the B key
The general diagrams in appendix A show the assign
(forwards), switch to the 2nd operating level with the
ment of the command relays on delivery. The follo
" key (next level), scroll with the B key until block
wing boxes show some examples for command
60 appears on the display. Switch to operating level 3
relay 1.
with the " key and scroll to block 64 with the B key
!: Marshalling command relay. Selection is carried Table 5.6 shows all factory settings.
out as described in section 5.5.1. Multiple commands If several protective functions are to trip the same
are permitted, i.e. a logical indication can be transmit circuit breaker, the relevant command relay must be
ted to several command relays (see section 5.5.1). activated by the relevant command function.

[6400]
A 6 4 R O U T Beginning of the block
" "Marshalling of command relays"
B C R

Use the " key to go to the first command relay:

[6401]
A 6 4 R O U T Marshalling for command relay 1
"
B C R 1

Switch to the selection level with the " key:

[6402]
6 4 C R 1 1 Command relay 1 is factory set as follows:
A B
D e v. gen. Tr. 1. Protection (gen.) general trip; Fno. 511.

[6403]
6 4 C R 1 2 Y 2. No further command functions for command relay
A
not a l l. B

5 - 28 Siemens AG January 1999


 
       

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Keys for scrolling in the display   


 

Scroll forwards: the next operating posi
A PC (with MS WINDOWS operating system) and the
tion in the same operating level appears
DIGSIr operating program enables the setting, star
in the display
ting of test sequences and retrieval of data, as do the
Scroll backwards: the previous operating integrated keypad and display. However, the PC al
position in the same operating level ap lows for the convenience of visualization on a monitor
pears in the display and menu-guided execution.
All data can be saved on or retrieved from floppy
Scroll forwards to the next operating disks (e.g. for parameterization).
level: the corresponding operating object
of the next operating level appears in the In addition, all data can be printed out on a printer.
display In the case of operation with a PC, the applicable ma
nuals must be observed. The DIGSIr software is sui
Scroll backwards to the previous operat table for the processing of all protection data. An
ing level: the corresponding operating overview of operating programs and accessories (con
object of the previous operating level ap nection cable etc.) suitable for 7SD600 can be found
pears in the display in section 2.3 Ordering data.
Confirmation key
Enter key: All changes in the display by
 means of entered numbers or changes        

via the "Yes/No" keys must be con
firmed with the Enter key; only then will A code word entry is required for most operation
the device register the changes. The functions. This applies to all entries via keypad or ope
Enter key may also be used to acknowl rator interface which affect the functions in the de
edge a faulty reaction of the device; in vice such as :
this case, the entry must be repeated D Setting of function parameters (threshold values,
and re-confirmed with the Enter key. functions),
The spontaneous system disturbance information in D Marshalling of trip relays, signals, binary inputs,
the display can be acknowledged by pressing the LEDs,
"No" key  and the quiescent display data called up
D Configuring of parameters for operating language,
again. During the reset, the marshallable LEDs on the
interface and device configuration,
front are illuminated so that these can be checked.
D Starting of test sequences.
Code word entry is not required to read out signals,
operational data, failure data or for the retrieval of set
ting parameters.
The entry of the code word as well as adaptation of
the PC interface is described in the preparation in
structions under section 5.3.

6-2 Siemens AG January 1999


      


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   The parameter blocks are reached by pressing the B
key. Block 01 with the "NETWORK and station
 
       DATA" appears first.
Other parameter blocks follow after repeated pres
The operator interface consists of a hierarchically
sing of the B key providing the appropriate functions
structured menu tree which can be moved through
are available in the device and these have been confi
with the scroll keys A, ", Y and B to reach every
gured as AVAILable.
desired operating object. A general overview is given
in the appendix A.1. Press the " key to jump to the next operating level in
which the actual parameterization, i.e. the setting of
The initial position in the relay which is switched on
threshold values or selection of offered alternatives
and in service, can be left to reach the parameteriza
takes place.
tion area by pressing the key B. The "SETTINGS"
item appears, which contains all parameter blocks. If, for example, the " key is pressed, starting at
With the " key the next operating level is reached. block 01 ("NETWORK DATA"), the 3rd operating level
Initially the operating block for the configuration ap with the individual network and station data may be
pears. This was dealt with in sections 5.3 and 5.4. reached (see Figure 6.2):

  7SD600
V3.0


SETTING 00 PRO

 


01 NETWORK 01 Net f
DATA 50 Hz

01 Wdl.2
IL2

01 INPRI
400 A

01 INSEK
1A

01 TAUSK
0.15 s

1st operating level 2nd operating level 3rd operating level

Figure 6.2 Selection of parameters for the system and station data

6-4 Siemens AG January 1999


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  : (%& !' $$ !" 

   

&# !-"# 5-0" +312 # #,2#0#" 2- 1#2 2&# $3,!2'-, D #22',% ""0#11#1 5'2& 2#62 .0+#2#01
.0+#2#01 1## 
  '2&-32 2&# !-"# 5-0" 2&#
&# "'1.*7 1&-51 2&# 25-"'%'2 *-!) ,3+ #0 ,"
1#22',%1 !, # 0#" 32 ,-2 !&,%#"
+#,',% -$ 2&# 0#/3#12#" .0+#2#0 &# 1#!-,"
0+#2#0'82'-, !, #%', 5&#, 2&# !-"# 5-0" &1 "'1.*7 *',# !-,2',1 2&# .0+#2#0 2#62  "#$3*2
##, !!#.2#" , 2&# $-**-5',% 1#!2'-,1 #4#07 "9 2#62 '1 1#2 2 2&# $!2-07 .0'-0 2- "#*'4#07 &'1 '1
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2&0## 27.#1 -$ "'1.*71 0# ,#!#1107 '$ 2&# "#$3*2 2#62 '1 2- # 0#2',#"
-3 !, 1!0-** 2- 2&# ,#62 -0 .0#4'-31 .0+#2#0
D #22',% ""0#11#1 5'2&-32 -.#02',% .0-+.2
', 2&# *-!) -0 2&# ,#62 -0 .0#4'-31 -.#02',% *#9
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*-!) &# .0+#2#0 *-!) ,3+ #0 25-"'%'2 2&#  -0  )#7 &# ,#62 2#62 2&#, ..#01
,3+ #0 ', 2&# *#$2 -$ 2&# "'1.*7 ..#01 - ',.32 5&'!& '1 ..#,"#" 2- 2&# -22-+ -$ 2&# "'1.*7
'1 #6.#!2#" &# .0#4'-31 -0 ,#62 -.#02',% *-!) -6 ', 2&# $-**-5',% 0#.0#1#,22'-,1 #2! &# *2#09
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7 .0#11',% 2&#Y -0 B )#71 5'2!& 2- 2&# ,#62 )#7  302&#0 .0#11',% -$ 2&'1 )#7 '1 '%,-0#" 5&#,
-.#02',% *#4#* 5'2& 2&# " )#7 2&# *12 *2#0,2'4# 13%%#12'-, '1 0#!&#" 5'2& 2&#
D #22',% ""0#11#1 5'2& ,3+#0'! ',.32  )#7 &# 1+# ..*'#1 5&#, 2&# $'012 *2#0,9
2'4# 13%%#12'-, '1 0#!&#" 7 .0#11',% 2&# 
&# "'1.*7 1&-51  25-"'%'2 *-!) ,3+ #0 ', 2&# )#7
2-. *#$2 -$ 2&# *',# $2#0 2&'1 2&# +#,',% -$ 2&#
0#/3#12#" .0+#2#0 '1 "'1.*7#" ',  0#4'2#" &# .0+#2#0'82'-, -$ ** 1#22',% 4*3#1 '1 #6.*',#"
$-0+ &# 1#!-," "'1.*7 *',# !-,2',1 2&# .0+#9 ', 2&# $-**-5',% 1#!2'-,1 &# 00-51 BY-0 " A
2#0 4*3#  "#$3*2 4*3# '1 1#2 2 2&# $!2-07 .0'-0 ,#62 2- 2&# "'1.*7 -6 .0-4'"# "'0#!2'-,1 -, 0#!&',%
2- "#*'4#07 &'1 '1 1.#!'$'#" ', 2&# $-**-5',% 1#!9 2&# ,#62 ,+#" -.#02',% - (#!2 $ 2&# +#,',% -$ 
2'-,1 - -2&#0 ',.321 0# ,#!#1107 '$ 2&# "#$3*2 .0+#2#0 '1 3,!*#0 2&# "#$3*2 .0+#2#0 '1 313**7
4*3# '1 2- # 0#2',#" -3 !, 1!0-** 2- 2&# ,#62 2&# #12 -.2'-, ,-!!3.'#" -.#02',% *-!)1 0#
-0 .0#4'-31 .0+#2#0 ', 2&# *-!) -0 2&# ,#62 -0 1)'..#"
.0#4'-31 -.#02',% *#4#* $ 2&# 4*3# '1 2- # !&,9 4#07 1#22',% .0+#2#0 '1 '"#,2'$'#" 7  $-30"'%'2
%#" 2&'1 !, # "-,# 5'2& 2&#  -0  )#71 ""0#11 ,3+ #0 5&#, -.#02',%  "#4'!# 7 +#,1
&#1# 0# 31#" 2- ',!0#1# -0 "#!0#1# 2&# 4*3# -$   ," 2&# -.#02',% .0-%0+ R &'1 '1
1202',% 2 2&# "#$3*2 4*3# $ -,# -$ 2&# )#71  1.#!'$'#" ', 1/30# 0!)#21 ', 2&# #6.*,2'-, 2#62 ',
-0  '1 .0#11#" !-,2',3-31*7 2&'1 !21 1  0#9 2&# $-**-5',% 0#.0#1#,22'-,1
.#2 )#7 $3,!2'-, &# 0#.#2 )#7 $3,!2'-, #!-9
$ 7-3 22#+.2 2- 1!0-** $-050"1 5'2& 2&# 00-5 )#71
+#1 $12#0 2&# *-,%#0 2&# )#7 '1 )#.2 .0#11#" ,
5'2&-32 !-,$'0+',%  1202#" !&,%# 7 .0#11',% 2&#
2&'1 57 !&,%#1 !, # +"# -4#0  5'"# 1#29
,2#0 )#7   /3#12'-, ..#01 &,%# .0+#2
2',% 0,%# ', $',# 12%#1 32 12'** /3'!)*7 ," !-+9
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$-02 *7 &# .-11' *# 1#22',% 0,%# '1 1.#!'$'#"
1#22',% '1 4*'" 1 -$ ,-5 &# ,#5 4*3# -0 2#62 '1
,#62 2- 2&# 0#.0#1#,22'-, -$ 2&# -6 &#, 2&#
"'1.*7#" $ -, 2&# -2&#0 &," 7-3 .0#11 2&# -
+6'+3+ 4*3# '1 0#!&#" 5'2&  $302&#0 .0#19
)#7  2&# !&,%# +"# 1',!# *12 .0#11',% 2&# ,2#0
1',% -$ 2&'1 )#7 5'** # '%,-0#" &# 1+# ..*'#1
)#7  '1 0#(#!2#" ," 2&# -*" 4*3# -0 2#62 '1 "'19
-, 0#!&',% 2&# +','+3+ 4*3# ," .0#11',% 2&#
.*7#" , 2&'1 57 , !!'"#,2* !&,%# !, # .0#
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#+.2#" - !23**7 1!0-** 2&# 00-.0'2# 00-5 )#7
       &# 4*3# !!#.2#" 7 2&#
+312 # .0#11#" %',
"#4'!# 2&#, ..#01 &'1 #!-+#1 #$$#!2'4# '+9
+#"'2#*7 $2#0 .0#11',% 2&# ,2#0 )#7  $ 7-3 2#0+',2# 2&# !&,%# 2- , -.#02',% .0+#9
2#0 7 .0#11',% 2&# ,2#0 )#7  2&# ..0-.0'2# "2

'#+#,1  ,307 


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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immediately become valid and are permanently sto No code word is necessary to change the date and
red in non-volatile EEPROMs. time. The day, month and year are set by pressing the
"+" and "-" starting from the default value. Then the
setting must be confirmed with the Enter key . The
same applies accordingly for the hours and minutes
     of the time.

The date and time should not be set until the protec
tion device has been connected to the auxiliary supply
voltage at its final operating site.  
The appropriate operating block may be reached from When entering the day, a maximum
the initial position of the device as follows: By pres number of 31 days is assumed so that
sing the B key three times the block "ADD-FCT" is this value can be selected in all cases.
reached. With the " key you change to the next ope The device only recognizes whether the
rating level (Block "DATE/TIME"). By changing the input is plausible after the month and
level again with " the date and time can be read year (leap year or not) have been ent
initially. The operating blocks for set date and time ered. After pressing the Enter key au
are called up by scrolling with B as displayed below. tomatic limiting to a real date takes
After the device starts up 01.01.95 initially appears as place.
the date and the time being a relative time since the
system processor last started (connection of the auxi
liary supply voltage).


D A T E Start of block "Set date/time"
A "
T I M E


0 1 . 0 1 . 9 9 First the "current" date (

 ) and the current


A B time ( )are displayed. The actual setting
0 1 : 1 5 : 0 6
blocks are reached with B.

6-6 Siemens AG January 1999


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  6 (%& !' $$ !" 

   


D A T E  )!2 /! ) )*2 ! !)/!-!  $%. %. *)! %) /$!
A *- !- 3 (*)/$ 3!- " " 
2 7 . 1 0 . 9 9
/-/%)# / /$! !"0'/ 1'0! /$! 3 %. %)-!.! /*
/$! 0--!)/ /! 3 +-!..%)# /$!  &!3 $! " &!3
%. +-!..! /* -!$ /$! (*)/$ 3 +-!..%)# /$! 
&!3 /$! (*)/$ %. %)-!.! 0)/%' /$! 0--!)/ (*)/$ %.
-!$!  $!-!"/!- /$! 3!- %. .!'!/! 2%/$ " )
%)-!.! 2%/$ /$!  &!3 0)/%' /$! 0--!)/ 3!- %.
-!$!  $! 1'0!. ) ! !-!.! 2%/$  %5
)''3 /$! 2$*'! /! %)+0/ %. *)"%-(! 3 +-!..%)#
/$! )/!- &!3



T I M E * .2%/$ "-*( /$! / .!//%)# /* /$! /%(! .!//%)# B
A %. +-!..!   )!2 /%(! ) )*2 ! !)/!-!  $%.
1 3 : 4 4 : 2 7
/&!. +'! %) /$! *- !- $*0-. (%)0/!. "
/-/%)# "-*( /$! !"0'/ 1'0! "%-./ /$! $*0- %. %)5
-!.! /* /$! 0--!)/ $*0- 3 +-!..%)# /$!  &!3
$!) $)#! /* /$! (%)0/!. 3 +-!..%)# /$! " &!3
) %)-!.! /$! $*0- /* /$! 0--!)/ 1'0! 2%/$ 
$! 1'0!. ) ! !-!.! 2%/$ /$!  &!3
$!-! %. )* )!! /* .!/ /$! .!*) . $! .!*) . -!
0/*(/%''3 .!/ /* 4!-* 2$!) /$! /%(! %)+0/ %. *)5
"%-(! 
$! *(+'!/! /%(! %)+0/ %. *)"%-(! ) !*(!.
/%1! *) +-!..%)# /$! )/!- &!3


   .2%/$%)# *) /$! %.+'3 .2%/$!. *1!- ) /$! ,0%5
!.!)/ .//! %) %/%*). 0--!)/. 
)  -! %.5
"/!- .2%/$%)# *) /$! +-*/!/%*) !1%! '*#. %) 2%/$ +'3!  $! %)%/%' %.+'3 ) ! -!''! "-*( /$%.
 /3+! !.%#)/%*) /$! .*''!  !-() "*- .//! 3 +-!..%)# /$! B &!3 ) /$!) +-!..%)# /$! Y
$%)!! '! &! !)*(%)/%*) ) /$! 1!-5 &!3
.%*) *" /$! %(+'!(!)/! "%-(2-! *0/ . "/!-

$! !1%! '*#. %) 2%/$ /$! /3+! !.%#)/%*) $! 1!-5


7 S D 6 0 0 .%*) *" /$! %(+'!(!)/! "%-(2-! %. %.+'3! %) /$!
V 3 . 0 * .!*) '%)!

$! .!//%)# +-(!/!-. ./-/ / '*&


 $!.! -!
-!$! "-*( /$! %)%/%' %.+'3 3 +-!..%)# /$! B &!3
.!! '.* %#0-!   /$!- *+!-/%)# '*&. -! !'/
2%/$ 0) !- 1!)/. '-(. ) !./.

%!(!).  )0-3
 
       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  7 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

6.3.3 System and station data - Block 01

$! !1%! -!,0%-!. .*(! .4./!( ) .//%*) /

[1100]
0 1 S Y S T E M /-/ *" /$! '*& 4./!( /
A "
D A T A

$! -/! "-!,0!)4 *" /$! .4./!( %. /$! "%-./ .!//%)#


%) /$%. '*& $! !"0'/ 1'0! 5 )!! *)'4 !
$)#! %" /$! .4./!( "-!,0!)4 %.  5

[1101]
0 1 S Y S T E M /! "-!,0!)4 *" /$! .4./!(  *-  
A B
5 0 H z

 6 0 H z

$! +-%(-4 -/! 0--!)/ *" /$! +-*/!/! +')/  - 3(+'!


01 NLn) /$! +-%(-4 -/! 0--!)/ *" /$! 0--!)/
/! 0--!)/ *" /$! +-*/!/! +')/

/-)."*-(!-  - 01 W PRI) ! .!/ /* /$! .(!
0--!)/ /-)."*-(!- -/! 0--!)/ 
1'0! %) (*./ .!. $! *--!/ .!//%)# *" /$! -/!
0--!)/ *" /$! /-)."*-(!- %.  +-!-!,0%.%/! "*- '0'6 $! !1%! /$!) -!"!-. +%&0+ /$-!.$*' . ) .$+!
/%)# ) %.+'4%)# /$! +-%(-4 (!.0-! 0--!)/ 16 *" $-/!-%./% /*  0--!)/ 2$%$ *--!.+*) . /*
'0!. .!! '.* .!/%*)    Specification of the
 +-%(-4 $! $-/!-%./% -!"!-. /*

rated current of the protected plant allows opti +-%(-4 .  -!.0'/
mum adaptation of the characteristic of the diffe */$ +-(!/!-. (0./ ! .!/ /* /$! .(! / */$
rential protection to the protected plant because !) . *" /$! '%)! " /$! +-%(-4 /-)."*-(!- -/! 0-6
the pick-up thresholds and shape of the characte -!)/. -! %""!-!)/ /$!4 (0./ ! ( ! !,0' 4 *)6
ristic are related to this rated current when set )!/%)# %)/!-+*.%)# / /$! !) *" /$! '%)! 2%/$ /$! '*6
correctly. 2!- -/! 0--!)/ !! .!/%*)    "*- !/%'.
$! /2* -/! 0--!)/. .$*0' )*/ %""!- 4 (*-! /$)
 "/*- 

 %!(!).  )0-4



      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  4 (%& !' $$ !" 

   


0 1 I N L n Y +$'+1 +-  .++ (- )! -# *+)- -  *&(- )! -#
A &$( 
1 0 0 0 A B
,'&& ,- , --$(" /&.               
&+" ,- , --$(" /&.           


0 1 I W P R I Y +$'+1 .++ (- )! -# .++ (- -+(,!)+' +
A
1 0 0 0 A B ,'&& ,- , --$(" /&.               
&+" ,- , --$(" /&.           

- $, ()- (  ,,+1 -) &( -# *$&)- 0$+ + ,$3 ( +    -# '$($'.' -+$* )''( .+3
,-( , 1 $-$)(& + ,$,-)+, $( 
  ., -# -$)( $, , - - **&$ , -) && *+)- -$/ !.(-$)(, 0#$#
 /$ *+)/$ , $(- +(& '-#$(" .-)'-$&&1 1 ( $($-$- -+$**$(" ( $, '$(-$(  / ( $! -# $+3
&.&-$)( )0 / + -# 0$+ + ,$,-( '.,-  .$-+ % + #, ,0$-#  )!! -# ,#)+-$+.$- .++ (-
(- +  -) (& $- -) ) -#$, +   ( $3 +&$ +
-$)( -) -# &))* + ,$,-( )! -# *$&)- 0$+ ,  + ,$3
( +    (   
 -# *),,$$&$-1 )! ,0$-3
,-( )! 2 '.,-    !)+ -# *$&)- 0$+ ')($3
#$(" -# )%).- !.(-$)( )( ( )!! ( )! , & -$("
-)+$(" $! $(,-&&   !.+-# +
2 '.,-    !)+
-# -1* )!  , - $, "$/ (
/ +1 $,)&-$(" -+(,!)+' +   #  /$ (
' ,.+ -# 0$+ + ,$,-( $-, &! .+$(" )''$,,$)3
($(" , , -$)(




0 1 R X Y ))* + ,$,-( )! -# *$&)- 0$+ *$+
A
0  B ,'&& ,- , --$(" /&.               
&+" ,- , --$(" /&.             


0 1 T A U S K Y $($'.' .+-$)( )! -# -+$* )''(
A
0 . 2 0 s B  --$(" +("   -)
 ,


0 1 L . O u t Y 0$-# )!! -# )%).- !.(-$)(
A
O F F B

0$-# )( -# )%).- !.(-$)(


O N

$ ' (,  (.+1 

       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  4 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

[1136]
0 1 L . O . F r  , --$(" -# )%).- !.(-$)(
A Y 0$-#  %()0& " % 2
K E Y

/$ $(+2 $(*.-


B E

0$-#  %()0& " % 2 )+ $(+2 $(*.-


K E Y B E

6.3.4 Settings for the


line differential protection
Warning
# $!! + (-$& *+)- -$)( (  ,0$-#  -$/
 )+ $(-$/  $( $-$)( -# -+$* )''( # $!! + (-$& *+)- -$)( $, , & -  -)
'2  &)%  $! -# *+)- -$/ !.(-$)( $, -$/  -#  ,-- 0# (  &$/ +  .- -#
*+)- -$)( '2 ()-  )* +-  0$-#).-
- & ,- -# &))* + ,$,-( ,  $(" , -
)++ -&2 !$+,- , + 01 Rx $( , -$)(
   #  /$ ).& + - .( 1* 3
- &2 0$-#).- -# , , --$(",  " -+$*

[1500]
1 0 L I N E -+- )! -# &)% $( $!! + (-$& *+)- -$)(
A "
D I F F P R O T .

[1501]
1 0 D I F F P R O T .  , & -$)( )! -# $!! + (-$& *+)- -$)( !.(-$)(
A B
O N

 , & -$)( )! -# $!! + (-$& *+)- -$)( !.(-$)(


O F F

$!! + (-$& *+)- -$)( $, -$/  ,$"(&, / (-,


only M e s .
.- -# -+$* )''( $, &)% 


$ ' (,  (.+2

      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   


    
 is the pick-up threshold for the protection, practically only occur in cables. Cur
the differential current. This is the total current mea rent differences (i.e. apparent fault currents) may oc
sured during a short-circuit in the protected zone, cur on the secondary side of the summation transfor
irrespective of its distribution on the respective line mers due to charging currents of the cables.
ends. The operating value is related to the rated line
To allow for the even higher capacitive currents during
current set under     (see section 6.3.3).
transients, a larger current setting must be applied.
An upper threshold value for the setting is given by
From experience, a setting value for the lower limit,
consideration of the smallest currents which may oc
with normal sensitivity connection of the summation
cur for the different types of short-circuit and the re
transformers (Figure 5.4), should be approximately
spective sensitivity of the selected type of connec
equal to five times the steady state charging current
tion.
flowing in each conductor of the unfaulted system. In
The lower limit of the permissible setting range is de circuits with an even higher earth-fault sensitivity, the
termined by the constant differences between the limit of the lower setting range must be increased
secondary currents of the summation transformer accordingly. Summation CT circuits with reduced
arising during unfaulted operation with load and char earth-fault sensitivity reduce the limit especially in
ging currents. These differences are based on capaci earthed networks. In this case, the setting from ap
tive primary currents in the protected zone. Large ca prox. 4 times the charging current of every conductor
pacitive currents, which may endanger the stability of is sufficient.

Idiff
INLn
Slope2/3



b
3

2
Parameter a
10-DIF>
1

Istab
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
INLn
2.5 fixed
fixed
 
        

The trip characteristic consists of two other segments Segment "b" leads to a higher stabilization in the
(a and b) (Figure 6.3). range of higher currents at which current transformer
saturation may occur. Its origin is at 2.5 times the ra
Segment "a" (the origin is the zero point) takes cur
ted current of the line.
rent-proportional error currents into account. These
are mainly the transformation errors of the main cur
rent transformers and the summation transformers
below the saturation level.

Siemens AG January 1999 6 - 11


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

In cases in which a transformer is directly connected Excceding the limit leads to blocking of the differential
to a line, i.e. without current transformer and circuit- protection. (The trip command is blocked whereas the
breaker, an in-rush stabilization with the second har close command is not blocked.)
monic can be selected (addr.   ). The per
This block can be removed immediately when the
centage component of the second harmonic required
differential current exceeds a set current threshold
for stabilization can be parameterized under addr. 
(addr.   ).
 . A ratio I2fN/IfN of 20 % is factory set. This
is sufficient in most cases. A smaller value leads to A prerequisite for this, however, is that the device is
greater stabilization, a higher value to lower stabiliza equipped with the 2nd harmonic option (model
tion. 7SD600*-*****-1, 7SD600*-*****-3).

 
1 0 I D I F > Y Pick-up value for differential current during three-
A phase symmetrical current flows referred to the rated
1 . 0 0 I N L B
line current
smallest setting value: . . . . . .   IN line
largest setting value: . . . . . . . .   IN line

 
1 0 2 H A R M Y The in-rush stabilization with the second harmonic
A restraint is
O F F B
switched OFF or

switched ON
O N

 
1 0 H A R M 2 % Y Component of 2nd harmonic in the differential current
A which only just leads to blocking in % of the funda
2 0 % B
mental frequency component of the differential cur
rent
smallest setting value: . . . . . . . . . .  %
largest setting value: . . . . . . . . . . . .
 %

 
1 0 H A R M 2 I Y Differential current threshold for resetting the blok
A king by the 2nd harmonic
5 . 0 0 B
smallest setting value: . . . . . . . . .  IN line
largest setting value: . . . . . . . . .  IN line

The differential protection has a local current thres ted current of the line as set under addr.  
hold I1 ENABLE. (addr.   ) which monitors (see section 6.3.3).
the locally flowing current and provides an additional
Tripping of the line at both ends, even during weak
trip criterion. This setting value also refers to the ra
infeed conditions, is achieved by setting "0".

6 - 12 Siemens AG January 1999


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  5 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

* .," &( ,,(& /&+*. &/ )4 " +# !1*/$" /+ !"(4 ."/ #+- /%&. !!-  
/%" /-&, +))*! +# /%" ,-+/" /&+* .(&$%/(4 "$ #+- %&. &. *+-)((4 ."/ /+ 
-"1"-." &*/"-(+ '&*$ * !!&/&+*( /&)" !"(4 * "


1 0 I 1 > E n a b Y + ( 0--"*/ /%-".%+(! #+- -"(".&*$ /-&,,&*$ +# /%"
A !&##"-"*/&( ,-+/" /&+* -"(/"! /+ -/"! (&*" 0--"*/
0 . 0 0 B
.)(("./ ."//&*$ 1(0"          (&*"
(-$"./ ."//&*$ 1(0"            (&*"


1 0 T D e l a y Y "(4 +# /-&, +))*!
A
0 . 0 0 s B .)(("./ ."//&*$ 1(0"           .
(-$"./ ."//&*$ 1(0"            .

%" (&*" !&##"-"*/&( ,-+/" /&+* )4 %1" * &*/"$-/"! !0-&*$ 2"' &*#""! +- 2"' (+!&*$ +*!&/&+*. * /%&.
/-*.#"- /-&, #0* /&+* &* " /%&. &*#+-)/&+* )0./ " ." /%" /-*.#"- /-&, #0* /&+* &. -" +))"*!"! /+
/-*.#"--"! /%-+0$% /%" ,&(+/2&-" +**" /&+* &/ &. .2&/ % +## +/% "*!. +# /%" (&*"
+0,("! /+ /%" 1"-.&+* 2&/% ,&(+/ 2&-" )+*&/+-&*$
 -" "&1"! /-*.#"- /-&, .&$*( )4 ("! /+ /-&,,&*$ +-
  KKKKKK
  KKKKKK 
+*(4 /+ .&$*(&*$  +- .&$*( -"(4 !","*!&*$ +* /%"
# /%" (+ ( 0--"*/ /%-".%+(! !!- 
 &. ."/ )-.%((&*$ "" ." /&+*   #+- !"/&(.
$-"/"- /%*  .&*$(""*!"! /-&,,&*$ )4 + 0-


1 0 T R A . T R Y +*!&/&+* #+- ."*!&*$ /%" /-*.#"- /-&, .&$*(
A
O F F B -*.)&..&+* #0* /&+* .2&/ %"! 

+- /-*.#"- /-&, .&$*( &. /-*.)&//"!


O N


1 0 T . EXT Y 3/"*.&+* +# /%" /-*.#"- /-&, .&$*( #/"- !-+, +## +#
A /%" !&##"-"*/&( ,-+/" /&+*
0 . 1 0 s B
.)(("./ ."//&*$ 1(0"           .
(-$"./ ."//&*$ 1(0"            .

&")"*.  *0-4  


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

A current threshold can be set for blocking by the dif value for this differential current can be calculated
ferential current monitoring function ("Spill current") with the following equation:
(addr. 10 I-Spc) with the settable delay (addr. 10
diff (%) = 0.025 operation (%) x L (km) for f = 50 Hz,
T-Spc).
diff (%) = 0.033 operation (%) x L (km) for f = 60 Hz.
Due to the capacitance of the pilot wires, the protec
The parameter 10 -Spc must be set greater than this
tion detects a differential current which is dependent
value.
on the line length and the load current. A reference

[1550]
1 0 I S p c Y Current threshold for differential current monitoring
A (Spill Current)
0 . 4 B
smallest setting value: . . . . . . . 0.1 IN line
largest setting value: . . . . . . . . . 1.0 IN line

[1551]
1 0 T S p c Delay for differential current monitoring
A Y
5 s smallest setting value: . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 s
largest setting value: . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 s

6.3.5 Settings for the pilot wire monitoring and the other as "Slave". The "Master" device al
ways starts the signal traffic, the "Slave" device sim
The device can be equipped with a pilot wire monito ply replies. The appropriate ID is set under addr.
ring to monitor the healthy state of the pilot wires. 11STATN.
This is available in the versions 7SD600K-KKKKK-2
If a fault in the pilot wire connection is detected, this
and 7SD600K-KKKKK-3. A further precondition for this
can either be reported only or the differential protec
function (see Section 5.4.2) is that addr. 00PW.MON
tion is blocked additionally (addr. 11DIF.BL). If the pilot
=   was set when configuring the device
wire is interrupted, the differential protection cannot
functions. The pilot wire monitoring can also be swit
trip anyway; in the event of a pilot wire short-circuit,
ched  and  under addr. 11PW.MON.
on the other hand, the device would also trip in the
The pilot wire monitoring operates with a pulse code event of an external short-circuit. Reporting of the
which is modulated onto an AF signal (2000 Hz). The wire fault and blocking if necessary are delayed by
signals can only be transmitted in one direction at a the time (addr. 11T-DiBl).
time. The direction alternates in order to be able to
The pilot wire monitoring does not operate as long as
create defined start conditions when switching on the
there is a fault or a transfer trip or remote trip com
devices or after an auxiliary supply failure, one of the
mand being transmitted.
two connected devices must be appointed "Master"

6 - 14 Siemens AG January 1999


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

[1600]
1 1 P I L O T Start of the block "Pilot wire monitoring"
A "
W I R E S U P .

[1601]
1 1 P W . S U P Pilot wire monitoring
A B switched OFF
O F F

O N switched ON

[1602]
1 1 S T A T N . Y Station ID for data traffic
A SLAVE - slave transmitter (answers only)
S L A V E B

MASTER - master transmitter (starts with data traf


M A S T E R
fic)

[1603]
1 1 D I F . B L Y Blocking of the line differential protection after
A detecting wire failure
O N B
switched ON

switched OFF
O F F

[1604]
1 1 T D i B l Delay of the message after a fault detected by the
A Y pilot wire monitoring
5 s
smallest setting value: . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 s
largest setting value: . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 s

6.3.6 Settings for the remote tripping It is a precondition is that during configuring of the
device scope (section 5.4.2) in addr.
The line differential protection has an integrated re 00PW.MON=AVAILABLE is configured.
mote tripping function in the version
The parameters for processing the received signal are
7SD600K-KKKKK-2 and 7SD600K-KKKKK-3 (with pilot
set in block 13 (see section 6.3.7).
wire monitoring, transfer tripping and remote trip
ping). This can be used for remote tripping of the The inter trip should not be confused with the trans
other end of the line by a signal generated outside the fer tripping which is an integral part of the differential
7SD600, e.g. by a circuit-breaker failure protection. protection function.
The trip command is then fed to the device by a bi The inter trip operates with the same AF signal
nary input to which the message 3306 >R-Trip is to (2000 Hz) as the pilot wire monitoring, but with a dif
be marshalled. ferent pulse code. The signals can only be transmit
ted in one direction at a certain time.

Siemens AG January 1999 6 - 15


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


  7 (%& !' $$ !" 

   

[2200]
1 2 I N T E R 1/1 ,$ 1&# ),!( +1#/ 1/'- 5 '+/5 '+-21
A B
T R I P .

[2203]
1 2 S . E X T /,),+%1',+ 1'*# $,/ 0#+"'+% 1&# /#*,1# 1/'- 0'%+) 1,
A Y 1&# /#*,1# 011',+
0 . 0 0 s
0*))#01 0#11'+% 3)2#          0.00 0
)/%#01 0#11'+% 3)2#           60.00 0

6.3.7 Settings for tripping on &# -/#/#.2'0'1# $,/ 1/'--'+% 4&#+ /#!#'3'+%  !,*6
receiving remote command *+" '0 1&1 1&# "#3'!# '0 #.2'--#" 4'1& 1&# 02--)#6
*#+1 $,/ -'),1 4'/# *,+'1,/'+% 1/+0$#/ 1/'--'+% +"
1 '0 +,1 -,00' )# $,/ 1&# /#!#'3'+% "#3'!# 1, "'01'+6 '+1#/ 1/'--'+% KKKKKK
 +" 1&1 1&# "6
%2'0& 4&#1&#/ 1&# ,1&#/ "#3'!# &0 0#+1  1/+0$#/ "/#00 0## 0#!1',+  
 00PW.MON &0 ##+ 0#1
1/'- 0'%+) ,/ + '+1#/ 1/'- 0'%+) &# -/*#1#/0 $,/ "2/'+% !,+$'%2/1',+
1&# /#!1',+ ,$ 1&# "#3'!# ,+ /#!#'3'+%  /#*,1# !,*6
+"#/ ""/
 1&'0 $2+!1',+ !+ # 04'1!&#"  ,/
*+" /# 1&#/#$,/# 1&# 0*# '+ ,1& !0#0 &#5 /#

0#1 '+ ""/#00 ),!(


[2300]
1 3 O F F D . 1/1 ,$ ),!( /'--'+% 5  /#!#'3#" !,**+" 0'%+)
A " $/,* 1&# /#*,1# 011',+
R E M O T E S T .

[2301]
1 3 O F F . G . #!#'3# $2+!1',+ $,/ !,**+" $/,* 1&#
A B /#*,1# 011',+
O F F
04'1!&#" 

04'1!&#" 
O N

[2302]
1 3 D E L A Y Y #)5 1'*# $,/ 1&# /#!#'3#" 1/'- 0'%+) $/,* 1&#
A /#*,1# 011',+
0 . 0 3 s B
0*))#01 0#11'+% 3)2#          0.00 0
)/%#01 0#11'+% 3)2#           60.00 0

[2303]
1 3 E X T . /,),+%1',+ 1'*# $,/ 1&# /#!#'3#" 1/'- 0'%+) $/,* 1&#
A Y /#*,1# 011',+
0 . 2 0 s
0*))#01 0#11'+% 3)2#          0.00 0
)/%#01 0#11'+% 3)2#           60.00 0

  '#*#+0  +2/5 


    
 

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
  (%& !' $$ !" 

   

     


  With the " key, the next operating level may be re
ached and all message blocks can be accessed there
Following system disturbances, the recorded events one after the other.
provide an important source of information regarding
When operating via a PC and the operating program
the disturbance, and the functionality of the device.
DIGSIR the message addresses are identified by a
Furthermore, they serve to check the sequence of
four-digit address number. This is shown in square
events in the device during testing and commissio
brackets with the explanation text in the following
ning. They also provide information about the states
representations.
of operational measuring data and the device itself
during operation. The messages are categorized as follows:
No code word need be entered for retrieving messa D
 
ges. Operational events; these are indications which
may occur during operation of the device: Informa
The user may access information in different ways:
tion about the state of the device functions, mea
D Display by LEDs on the front panel of the device suring data etc.
(Figure 6.1),
D
 
D Binary outputs (signal relay) via the device termi Events of the last 8 network faults; starting, trip
nals, ping, time processes, or similar. By definition, a
D Indications on the front panel display or on the network fault starts with the first fault detection of
screen of a PC via the interface, a protective function and ends with the reset of
the last fault detection.
Most messages can be marshalled to the LEDs and
binary outputs (see section 5.5). Multiple and group D
 
messages are also possible. Display of operational measured values (currents).

To display messages on the control panel, the keys The events and measured values are stored in lists.
A, ", Y and B can be used to scroll through the After selecting the desired event block, the section of
menu tree to the "MESSAGE" block (see Figure 6.3). the list visible on the display is shifted using the ar
From the initial position, in a device that is in service, row keys B and Y as shown in Figure 6.4.
this block is reached by pressing the B key twice.


B Start of the event blocks
I N D I C A T I O N "
B

A full list of all the event and output functions genera It is also specified for every indication to where it can
ted in the device with the corresponding function be signaled.
number FNo can be found in the appendix A.1.

Siemens AG January 1999 6 - 17


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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+ - 7 S D 6 0 0
V 3 . 0

E
S E T T I N G
Y/J N
RESET

E V E N T 8 1 O P (single events)
E V E N T

8 2 S F 8 2 1 . S F
(single events)
E V E N T E V E N T

8 2 8 l S F
(single events)
E V E N T

8 4 O P . (single
M E A S V measured values)

 
  

  
  

  
  

  
  



        


 

1 4 . 1 0 . 9 5
0 9 : 4 5 : 3 4
 
3 8 0 m s
F a u l t K
2
0 m s
D e v . A c t .
1 5 0 m s
D I F O F F


  

            


     
      


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6.4.2 Operational events - Block 81 / &. *+/ *" "..-4 /+ "*/"- /%" +!" 2+-! #/"- ."5
(" /&*$ (+ '  /%" +,"-/&+*( "1"*/. ,,"- (( /%"
,"-/&+*( "1"*/. -" &*#+-)/&+* 2%& % /%" !"1& " 1&((" +,"-/&+*( "1"*/. -" !&.,(4"! "(+2 #
$"*"-/". 2%&(" &* ."-1& " -"$-!&*$ &/. +,"-/&+* +0-." +*(4 /%" -"("1*/ "1"*/. ,,"- &* /%" !&.,(4
%"4 * " !&.,(4"! &* (+ '   ),+-/*/ "1"*/. #+- /%" +* -"/" ."
*! .//" %*$". -" (&./"! /%"-" &* %-+*+(+$& (
%" -"1&/&+*. -" "3,(&*"! *"3/ /+ /%" +3 / &.
+-!"- *! 2&/% /&)" ./),. , /+  +,"-/&+*(
(.+ .," &#&"! 2%"/%"- /%" "1"*/ &. +*(4 +)&*$ K #+-
"1"*/. -" ./+-"! # /%"-" -" )+-" +,"-/&+*(
"1"*/. +- +)&*$ *! $+&*$ K/G #+- .//". +- /%"
"1"*/. /%" "(!"./ &*!& /&+* &. +1"-2-&//"*
#&-./ "1"*/ !&.,(4 (&*". *! /%" "1"*/ /"3/ 2&/% +5
-&)-4 .4./") #0(/. -" +*(4 .," &#&"! 2&/%  )&*$ /$ &* /%" /%&-! (&*" &. .," &#&"! . * "3),("
*! /%" +*." 0/&1" #0(/ *0)"- "/&(. +0/ /%"
#0(/ * " #+0*! &* /%" &*!& /&+* (+ ' 0(/
"1"*/. ."" ." /&+*   

[5100]
A 8 1 O P /-/ +# /%" (+ ' ,"-/&+*( "1"*/.
"
B E V E N T

Y 0 4 . 0 1 . 9 9 ./ (&*" /" +# /%" "1"*/ +- .//" %*$".


B 0 9 : 4 5 : 3 4
*! (&*" &)" +# /%" "1"*/ +- .//" %*$".

%" 0##"- ." /&+* .%+2* &* /%" !&.,(4 &. ."(" /"!
(&*" 4 (&*" 2&/% /%" --+2 '"4. B *! Y

Y 0 9 : 4 5 : 3 4 ./ (&*" /" +# /%" "1"*/ +- .//" %*$".


B L E D Q T K
*! (&*" 1"*/ /"3/ &* /%" "3),(" 2&/% +)&*$ /$

# /%" !/" *! /&)" +# /%" !"1& " %1" *+/ 4"/ ""*
."/ ."" (.+ ." /&+*    /%" !/"    ,5
,"-. /%" /&)" /%/ ,,"-. &.  -"(/&1" /&)" .&* "
/%" (./ ./-/ +# /%" .4./") ,-+ "..+-

&")"*.  *0-4   


       

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 -0#%#*1 (',, %% )(%+ %(+ 


> CB o n A

%($#'!  )*(,,#. -',#(' 


> D I F b l k

      

, %+, (' )*(,,#. -',#(' #+ ,#. 


P F a c t i v e

+, + 


L E D R S

#+,-*' *(* &&(*1 %, 


D i s t . d e l

1+,& #+,-*' 


S y s t e m d i s t .

#+,-*' 
D i s t u r b.

       




.',+ %(+, 


E v L o s t

.',+ (*  #',*  %(+, 


E v P C l s

        


#*-#,*$* ,+, *-''#'! 


C B T e s t

*#))#'! 1 #*-#,*$* ,+, 


T E S T O F F

          




# *',#% )*(,,#(' #+ +/#," ( 


D I F . o f f

# *',#% )*(,,#(' %($ 


D I F . b l k

  #&'+  '-*1 


      


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# *',#% )*(,,#(' #' +*.# 


D I F . s e r v.

%($#'! 0  -**', ,*#) 


B . D I F D

($(-, +,, ( ,*#) (&&' 


L o c k O u t

       


   

&(, ,*#))#'! #+ +/#," ( 


R T o f f

  -',#(' #+ +%, 


S L . s e l e c t.

  -',#(' #+ +%, 


M S . s e l e c t

&(, ,*#))#'! +#!'% #+ +', 


R T s e n d

&(, ,*#))#'! #+ %($ 


R T b l k

 0 *&(, +,,#(' #+ +/#," ( 


R e c . o f f

 0 *&(, +,,#(' #+ %($ 


R e c . b l k

 0 *&(, +,,#(' #+ #' +*.# 


R e c . s e r v.

*#) +#!'% *(& *&(, +,,#(' 


T S r e c

         


  

#%(, /#* &('#,(*#'! #+ +/#," ( 


P W M o f f

#%(, /#* &('#,(*#'! #+ %($ 


P W M b l k

-%, #' ," )#%(, /#* ('',#(' 


F a u l t P W

#&'+  '-*0 


       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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       -3-.!( %-./,)! %- !"%)! -/$ .$.  +,%(,3
-3-.!( "/'. %- .,!.! -   -3-.!( %-./,)!
$! !0!).- *" .$! '-. -3-.!( %-./,)!- ) ! /+ .* %.- /'.%(.! '!,)! !0!,' "/'.- (3 */,
,! */. $!-! ,! '*.! %) .$! -/'!0!' *" '*& 1%.$%)  -3-.!( %-./,)! ",*( .$! "%,-. "/'. !4

%) *, !, ",*( (*-. .* '!-. ,!!). $!)  )%).$ .!.%*) *"  +,*.!.%0! "/).%*) /).%' ,*+ *"" *" .$!
"/'. */,- .$! . *" .$! '!-. ,!!). "/'. ,! !,4 '-. "/'. !.!.%*)
-!  $ *" .$! !%#$. "/'. /""!,- ) $*' /+ .* 
" .$! .! ) .%(! *" .$! !0%! $0! )*. 3!. !!)
-%)#'! %) %.%*)- " (*,! %) %.%*)- */, .$! .$
-!. -!! '-* -!.%*)   
 .$! .!    +4
%) %.%*) 1%'' ',( .$.  /""!, *0!,"'*1 $- */4
+!,- .$! .%(! .$. ++!,- %-  ,!'.%0! .%(! -%)!
,! 
.$! '-. -.,. *" .$! -3-.!( +,*!--*, $%- %- "*''*4
. %- )*. )!!--,3 .* !).!,  * ! 1*,  1! 3 .$! "/'. !0!).- %) $,*)*'*#%' *, !, *" .$!%,
$!  '*& ) ! ,!$! ",*( .$! %)%.%' !.!.%*) 1%.$  ,!'.%0! .%(! ,!"!,,%)# .* .$! .%(! .$!
+*-%.%*) 1$!) .$! !0%! %- %) -!,0%! 3 +,!--%)# .$! "/'. !#)
B &!3 .1%! %.$ .$! " &!3 .$! )!2. *+!,.%)# '!0!' '' 0%''! "/'. !0!).- ,! -+!%"%! !'*1 "
) ! ,!$! 1$!,! '*&
) ! !--! 1%.$ */,-! *)'3 .$! ,!'!0). !0!).- ++!, %) .$! %-+'3
.$! B &!3 $! '-. "/'. %) %.%*) %- ,!$! 3 %) .$! -! . $) 
$)#%)# .* .$! -/'!0!' 1%.$ .$! " &!3 %.$ .$!
%,-.  "!1 .3+%' !2(+'!- *" "/'. !0!).- *"  -34
B 3*/ ) -,*'' .* .$! '!-- ,!!). %) %.%*)- %) .$%-
-.!( %-./,)! 1%.$ !2+').%*)- *" .$! %-+'3 '%4
'!0!'
)!- ,! -$*1)

 
A 8 2 S F .,. *" .$! '*& /'. !0!).-
"
B E V E N T

 
8 2 1 . S F .,. *" .$! '*& '-. "/'. !0!).-
"
E V E N T

$! /""!, -!.%*) -$*1) %) .$! %-+'3 %- -!'!.!


'%)! 3 '%)! 1%.$ .$! ,,*1 &!3- B ) Y

 
B 0 3 . 1 1 . 9 5 -. '%)! .! *" '-. "/'.
B 2 2 : 0 9 : 4 6
) '%)! %(! *" .$! '-. "/'.
$*/,- (%)/.!- -!*) -
Y
Y . 8 1 0 m s ) %) (-
B F a u l t /'. 1%.$ *(%)# .#
B



%!(!)-  )/,3 


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
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Y
2 *+ $"& ,$+ &,%)
Y
0 m s & $"& +)+ ' +! )$+"- +"%
B

Y
0 m s +)+ ' )$+"- +"%
Y
D e v . A c t . -&+ +!+ *+)+ +! )$+"- +"%
B

       
  

-&+ $'*+ 


E v t l o s t

0*+% "*+,)& 


S y s. d i s t.

"*+,)& 
D i s t

-" &)$ ,$+ ++"'& 


D e v . A c t .

-" &)$ +)"( 


D e v . T R I P

."+! ' ,))&+ *++"'&   


I 1 =

     
        

$0 ') +)"(("& +!  ()'++"'&


D E L A Y . S t
,&+"'& *+)+ 

 ()'++"'& &)$ ,$+ ++"'& 


D I F . G A

"#,( ' +! *+,)+"'& ++') ,)"&


B . D I F S
!" ! ,))&+ /+)&$ *!')+"),"+ 

$'#"& 0 !)%'&"* '& ++"&  & !)%'&" "&


B . D I F H
+! ")&+"$ ,))&+ 

)"(("& 0 ")&+"$ ()'++"'& ,&+"'& 


D I F T R I P

"%&*  &,)0 

       

' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  


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Fault events of the Remote TRIP function

(%)( *(!' )!%# !) !% )%* 


T R A N . s e n

 . ($&* )**!&% *(*!% 


R e c . A c t

 . ($&* )**!&%  &$$% 


R e c . TRIP

Other entries

$%) * * %& +#* !) )*&( .*


T a b . e m p t y

$%) * * &* ( +#* * , &+(( +* * 


T a b . f u l l
$$&(. !) +##

 %&* ## ,%* (&(!% $$&(. !) +) %


T a b . E n d
!) !,% ) *  #)* %*(.

  * !( &'(*!% #,# !) (  -!* *  A ". *!% #,# % )(&## . $%) & B % Y  
  last but one ).)*$ !)*+(% !) (  . '&))!# ,%*) ( *  )$ ) !% *  #)* ).)*$
'())!% *  ((&- ". B   !%!,!+# +#* ,%*) !)*+(%
%  )#* -!* *  " ". !% *  &+(* &'(/

[5220]
8 2 v l S F *(* & *  #&" #)* +* &% ).)*$ !)*+(%
B "
E V E N T

  third last *& eighth last ).)*$ !)*+(% !)


(  !% *  )$ -.   '&))!# ,%*) ( * 
)$ ) !% *  #)* ).)*$ !)*+(%


!$%)  %+(.
      


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      3(% 24"+%5%+ 6)3( 3(% "*%8 (%1% )2 -. -%%$ 3. %-:
 
  3%1 ! #.$% 6.1$
(% 5!+4%2 !1% $)2/+!8%$ )- /%1#%-3 .& 3(% 1!3%$ 5!1)!:
/%1!3).-!+ ,%!241%$ 5!+4%2 #!- "% $)2/+!8%$ )-
"+%2 (% /1%1%04)2)3% &.1 #.11%#3 $)2/+!8 )2 3(!3 3(%
"+.#*   1., 3(% )-)3)!+ /.2)3).- .& ! 1%+!8 3(!3 )2 )-
2/%#)&)%$ 1!3)-'2 )- "+.#*  2%% 2%#3).-    (!5%
2%15)#% 3(% "+.#*   )2 1%!#(%$ "8
"%%- #.11%#3+8 /!1!,%3%1)9%$ (% 5!+4%2 !1% -.3 4/:
/1%22)-' 3(% B *%8 36)#% )3( 3(% " *%8 3(% -%73
$!3%$ $41)-' 1%!$.43 (% #411%-3 5!+4%2 !1% $)2:
./%1!3)-' +%5%+ )2 1%!#(%$ !-$ &1., (%1%  "8 2#1.++)-'
/+!8%$ !&3%1 2#1.++)-' 6)3( B .1 Y 6)3()- 3(% "+.#*
6)3( 3(% B *%8 "+.#* 
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A M E A S V

Y (% %731!#3 .& 3(% "4&&%1 2(.6- )- 3(% $)2/+!8 )2 2%:


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B 7 2 % (% /%1#%-3!'%2 2/%#)&)%$ &.1  !-$ 
1%&%1 3. 3(%
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Y I 1 = 1!3%$ #411%-3 .& 3(% +)-%
B 3 2 0 A
B

Y
Y I 2 =
B 7 3 %
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Y
Y I 2 =
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B

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Y I D =
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B

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During operation of the device, interventions are pos nected to binary inputs when the device is installed
sible with which individual functions and indications (cf. section 5.5.2 Marshalling the binary inputs).
can be influenced. This includes above all the correc
The block "ADD-FCT" is available for controlling with
tion of date and time, as well as the switching on and
the control panel or the operator interface. This block
off of sub-functions for operational reasons.
can be reached from the initial position in a device
Switching on and off of sub-functions on the control that is in service by pressing the B key three times.
panel or through the operator interface or by binary
When operating via a PC and the operating program
inputs is described at the beginning of each of the
DIGSIR the control addresses are identified by a four-
sections 6.3.4 to 6.3.7.
digit address number. This is indicated in square brak
A prerequisite for control by binary inputs is that the kets with the explanation text in the following repre
appropriate control functions are marshalled and con sentations.


A D D Start of the block "Additional functions"
Y "
F C T

    

With the " key the next operating level (Block 



"DATE/TIME") can be reached. By changing the level
again with " the date and time can be read in When entering the day, a maximum
itially. By scrolling with B the operating blocks for number of 31 days is assumed so that
set the date and time are called as shown below. this value can be selected in all cases.
After the device starts up the date 01.01.95 appears The device only recognizes whether the
initially if it has not already been corrected and the input is plausible after the month and
time as a relative time since the last system proces year (leap year or not) have been ent
sor start. ered. After pressing the Enter key au
tomatic limiting to a valid date takes
There is no need to enter a code word to change the place.
date and time. Starting from the default setting the
day, month and year are set by pressing the "+" or
"-" keys.


D A T E Start of the block "Set date/time"
A "
T I M E

6 - 26 Siemens AG January 1999


      


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0 1 . 0 1 . 9 9 &'( ( )&&#( (    # ( )&&#(
A B ("    & '%!,  ()! '((#
0 1 : 1 5 : 0 6
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A $&& , "$#( ,& " " 
2 7 . 1 0 . 9 9
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( )&&#( ( , %&''# (  ,  " ,
' %&'' ($ & ( "$#( , %&''# ( 
, ( "$#( ' #&' )#(! ( )&&#( "$#( '
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# #&' +( (  , )#(! ( )&&#( ,&
' &  *!)' #  &' +( 
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( #(& ,



T I M E $ '+( &$" ( ( '((# ($ ( (" '((# B
A ' %&''  #+ (" # #$+  #(& ' '
1 3 : 4 4 : 2 7
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(&(# &$" ( )!( *!) &'( ( $)& ' #&.
' ($ ( )&&#( $)& , %&''# (  , #
# ($ ( "#)(' , %&''# ( " , #
#&' ( "#)( ($ ( )&&#( *!) +( 
 *!)' #  &' +( 
& ' #$ # ($ '( ( '$#'  '$#' &
)($"(!!, '( ($ -&$ +# ( (" #%)( ' $#.
&"
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6.6.1 General

Before commissioning, the preparations for putting Danger


the device into service as stipulated in chapter 5 must
The secondary connections of the
be completed.
current transformers must be short-
circuited before the CT secondary
Warning connecting cables to the device can
be disconnected!
If there is a test switch which automati
During service, some parts of electrical cally short circuits the current transfor
devices are inevitably under dangerous mer secondary connection, it is suffi
voltage. This may cause serious perso cient to turn this to the "Test" position
nal injury or material damage to equip providing that this CT short-circuit has
ment if not handled professionally. been tested beforehand (section 5.2.4).
Only qualified personnel should work on
this device. This personnel must be fa It is recommended to test the device with the current
miliar with the pertinent safety regula settings applied. If these are not (yet) available, the
tions and the warnings in this manual. default values should be used for testing. The
Above all it should be observed: following description of the test sequences assumes
that the default settings are being used.
D The device must be earthed at the
PE terminal before making any con A symmetrical power source with individually control
nections. lable currents is assumed for the function test. A sin
gle-phase test current source is sufficient for the pick
D Dangerous voltages may occur in all up test.
circuit parts connected with the
power supply and with the measu
ring and test circuits.
D Dangerous voltages may still exist in
i Note
the device even after it has been di
The measuring accuracy which can be
sconnected from the supply voltage
achieved depends on the electrical data
(charged capacitors).
of the test sources used. The accura
D The permissible threshold values cies specified in the technical data can
specified under Technical data may only be expected if there is compliance
not be exceeded even during service with the reference conditions according
testing and commissioning. to VDE 0435/part 303 or IEC 60255,
and use of precision measuring instru
ments. Tests with secondary test equip
When testing the device with secondary test equip
ment are therefore generally considered
ment, make sure that no other signal sources are
as pure function tests.
connected and the trip commands to the circuit-brea
kers are interrupted.

6 - 28 Siemens AG January 1999


      


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"!  
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It is important for all tests that the appropriate indica Symmetrical three-phase test current and standard
tions are given by the LEDs and by the signal relays connection of the summation transformer according
for remote signaling. to Figure 5.3 NMW = 1; at default setting of the de
vice N Par = 1 also.
Following tests which initiate indications via the
LEDs, these should be reset via the reset pushbutton For testing with single-phase current, table 6.1 speci
on the front panel (button N) and via binary input for fies the factors NMW depending on the winding on
remote resetting (if this is marshalled). Once via bi which the current is injected.
nary input and once via pushbutton is sufficient. After
Table 6.1 Current factors for summation
the reset functions have been checked, the displays
transformers
need not be reset after every test because they are
reset automatically with every protection activation Winding (fac Summation bridged termi NMW
and replaced by the new indication state. tor) transformer nals
connection
1 A-F B-E 1.73
6.6.2 Checking the line differential protection 2 C-H D-G 0.87
3 L-M - 0.58
To test the differential protection function, it must be
activated, i.e. DIFFPROTECTION (addr. 10 DIFPRO) 6 A-M B-C
to  The pilot wire monitoring must be switched (all in series) D-E
0.29
off (addr. 1601 11 PW.MON = ). F-G
H-L
The pilot wire connections can be short-circuited for
the test.
The parameter factor results from
When testing a pair of devices the pilot wires of both
devices are connected to each other with swapped I Nline
N Par +
polarity. Both devices must be connected to auxiliary I Ntransformer
supply voltage. In this case the second device can run
without a test current (corresponds to the simulation with
of a single-end fed line short-circuit), or the test cur IN line - primary rated current of the line, as
rent is fed through both devices, in phase (internal parameterized under addr. 01 NLn,
short-circuit) or reversed phase (external short-cir
cuit). IN transformer -primary rated current of the current
transformers, as parameterized under
When evaluating the currents, note that the current addr. 01 WPRI.
processed by the differential protection is dependent
on the connection of the summation transformer and Example:
the parameters 01 IN Ln and 01 IW PRI. For the test Rated current of the device 1 A; parameter 10-Dif>
current injection, an "ideal" current source must be = 0.5 n = M; current factor for summation transfor
used. mer NMW = 0.87 (Table 6.1 - Summation transformer
The following applies: connection C-H, bridged terminals D-G); rated cur
rent of the line (parameter 01 IN Ln) - 500 A; primary
IP = IM  NMW  NPar rated current of the main current transformer (para
with meter 01 IW PRI) - 1000 A.
IP - test current, Test current Ip at the summation transformer input
IM - measuring current, processed by the device, terminal C-H for testing the parameters:
NMW - transformation factor summation transformer,
NPar - transformation factor of the parameters.
 p +  M  MW @   + 0, 5 @ 0, 87 @ 500 + 0, 2175 A
1000

Siemens AG January 1999 6 - 29


       

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     '& +  '+ ) &  .!&!& +') ' (2
($!* +  + )%$$0 ()%!**!$ ,))&+ !* &'+ !&)2
*+* .!+ ,))&+* '- ',) +!%* *
+  -! )+ ,))&+ $ +' '-)$'2
.!+ +  +*+ ,))&+ +' 
+!%* +  *++!& -$,
!& ' +  !&(,+ !),!+* & %0 '&$0


 & 
+!%* +  *++!& -$, 
 (($! ') * ')+ ()!'* *  &!2

  '+ -$,* %,*+  /  +)!( *!&$
$ +  (+)   &  (,* +'
!* ',+(,+  # $'*!& ' +  '%%& '&++*
$$'. +  -! +' ''$ '.& %,*+ 
& +  +)!( !&!+!'& '&++*
$$'.
  $0 +!% !* ()%+)!1 ') +  +)!( ) 
   +  +)!( '%%& (()* $0 ')!&2
  + )%$ $' (!+0 $!%!+ (($!* '+ ') +  $0
!&!-!,$ !&(,+ .!&!&* ' +  *,%%+!'& +)&*')2
%) & ') +  ',+(,+ ,))&+ ' +  *,%%+!'&
+)&*')%)

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Before the line is energized, all secondary testing D Protective function   The protective func
equipment must be removed. The preparations for tion operates and outputs indications. The trip
putting the device into service as described in section command is blocked however.
5.2 must be completed. The line must be energized
D Protective function : The protective function
for the primary tests.
operates and outputs indications. The trip com
mand goes to the trip relay which has been mars

Warning halled with the protective function according to


section 5.5.5. No tripping takes place if the protec
tive function is not marshalled to any trip relay.
Primary tests may only be performed
by qualified personnel who are familiar
with the commissioning of protection
systems, operation of the network and 6.7.1 Checking the switching states
the safety rules and regulations (swit of the binary inputs/outputs
ching, earthing, etc.).
The differential protection 7SD600 contains a test
program with which the switching states of all binary
Rapid commissioning without instrumentation is pos
inputs and outputs can be polled and shown in the
sible using the integrated measuring functions and
display.
commissioning tools in the device.
Tests are available from block 40. The ADDITIONAL
The line is initially open and earthed at both ends at
FUNCTIONS block can be reached from the initial po
the beginning of the measurements for the commis
sition of a device in service by pressing the B key
sioning.
three times. The DATE/TIME block can be reached by
Initially, the differential protection is switched to  changing to the next level with ". The Tests block
 (addr. 10DIFPRO)or the trip command is inter can be reached with B.
rupted; the pilot wire monitoring (if available) is swit
When operating via a PC and the operating program
ched (addr. 11PW.MON). The function tripping by
DIGSIR the test addresses are identified by a four-di
remote station (addr. 13OFF.R.) is also initially swit
git address number. This is indicated in square brak
ched off.
kets with the explanation text in the following exam
The differential protection can generally be activated ples.
in two ways.

[4000]
T E S T Start of the block "Tests"
Y "
I N A C C

Siemens AG January 1999 6 - 31


       

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!& "& ,' ,! &0, $'# /",! " $+ ,' ,! $'# !& "&  "& /",! " $+ ,' ,+,"& ,! +/",!"&
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T E S T I / O $'# +,"& ,! +/",!"& +,,+
A " ' ,! "&(-,+'-,(-,+


T E S T B I $'# +,"& ,! +/",!"& +,,+
A  ' ,! "&*1 "&(-,+
S T A T E

,* (*++"& ,! &,* #1 ,! '(*,'* "+ +# ,+, "+ &$ & ,! &0, ,+, ",% %1  +$2
/!,!* ,! +,,-+ &)-"*1 "+ ,'  (*'*% '* ,! , /",! B
"&*1 "&(-,+ & ,! + '  & ,". *+('&+ ,!

& (*++"& ,! #1 ,! +/",!"& +,, ' ,!


Y / N : ,!* "&*1 "&(-,+  "+ "+($1 "& ,! '*% ' 
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  "+ ,"., .'$,  (($"

 
"+ ,"., .'$,  (($"
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T E S T B I  ! '**+('&"&  "+ &', ,".,
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Display for
BI1 BI2 BI3

",! B 1'- !&  ,' ,+,"& ,! +/",!"& +,,+ '


,! "&","'& & '%%& *$1+


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T E S T R E '*& !./%)# /$! .1%/$%)# .//!. *" /$! -!'3.
Y 
S T A T E "/!- *)"%-(%)# 1%/$ /$! )/!- &!3   ,0!./%*) %.
.&! 1$%$ ) ! ).1!-! 1%/$ !. *- * )
+-!..%)# /$!
&!3 /$! .1%/$%)# .//! *" /$!  .%5
#)' -!'3. ) /$!  *(() -!'3. %. %.+'3! %)
Y / N : /$! "*-( *"  (/-%2 $! (!)%)#. -! . "*''*1.


 ) %/%*) *- *(() -!'3  %. !)!-#%4!
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 $! *--!.+*) %)# -!'3 %. )*/ !)!-#%4!

) /$%. !2(+'! /$! .%#)' -!'3  ) /$! *(5


T E S T R E () -!'3  -! !2%/!  %) %/%*) -!'3. 
B  ) *(() -!'3  -!  !)!-#%4! 
M 1 K 2

Display of
SR1 SR2 SR3 KR1 KR2

%/$ B /!./%)# /$! .1%/$%)# .//!. *" /$! . %.


-!$!


T S T L E D '*& !./  .//!
Y 
S T A T E "/!- *)"%-(%)# 1%/$ /$! )/!- &!3   ,0!./%*) %.
.&! 1$%$ ) ! ).1!-! 1%/$
!. *- * )
+-!..%)# /$!
&!3 /$! .1%/$%)# .//! *" /$!
. %. .$*1) %) /$! "*-( *"  (/-%2 $! (!)%)#.
Y / N : -! . "*''*1.


   %. *)
   %. *)
   %. *)
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 $! *--!.+*) %)#  %. *)

) /$%. !2(+'!   )  -! *) )  


T S T L E D )   -! *""
Y
2 4

Display of
LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4

%!(!).  )0-3 

       

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6.7.2 Measuring and setting the - #6#!32# 2&# .'*-2 5'0# 0#1'12,!# +#130#+#,2
pilot wire resistance 2&# 25-   0#*71 +312 # !-,,#!2#" 2- 2&# .'8
*-2 5'0# .'0 2 2&#'0 0#1.#!2'4# *',# #,"1
, 2&# 25-5'0# "'$$#0#,2'* .0-2#!2'-, 2&# -.#02',% - +)# 2&# +#130#+#,2  !300#,2 !-00#1.-,"',%
.0',!'.*# 0#/3'0#1 "(312+#,2 -$ 2&# 0#1'12,!# 02'- 2- 2 *#12
6 2&# "#4'!# 02#" !300#,2 '1 ',(#!2#" ', 2
#25##, 2&# .'*-2 5'0# 0#1'12,!#  ," 2&# 1&3,2 -,# #," &# !300#,2 !, # $#" ',2- 2&# 13++2'-,
!-,,#!2#" 0#1'12-0 ', 2&# 0#*7  ',12**#" ', 2&# "#8 20,1$-0+#0 1  1#!-,"07 !300#,2 &# !-,,#!2'-,
4'!# , 2&#   #62#0,* 0#1'12,!#1 2- ".2 2&# 27.# -$ 2&# +#130',% !300#,2 2 2&# 13++2'-,
.'*-2 5'0# 0#1'12,!#1 0# ,-2 0#/3'0#" 1 2&# "#4'!# 20,1$-0+#0 +312 # 2)#, ',2- !!-3,2 5&#, 11#18
.0-4'"#1 ',2#0,**7 !-+.32#" ".22'-, - "- 2&'1 '2 1',% 2&# !300#,2 4*3# &# !300#,2 +312 0#+', !-,8
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T E S T
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T S T I / O
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A "
M E A S U R E M E N T

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2'-, 2- 2&'1 #$$#!2 ..#01 -, 2&# "'1.*7 2 *-5 !308
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C O M R x %&# ('#"   


R x = 5 6 6 

''#% $ ($
F A U L T

 "' !&(%" (%%"' #% ' $ #' *% (%-


I t o o s m .
%"'  & "#' &("' '# '%!" ' $ #' *% %-
&&'"  &(% '' ' $ #' *%& % #""-
' ' #' "&

 !&(%!"' & '%!"' ('#!' , *"  ' +&'& & " ( " ' &$ , ) ( " &$-
' %&&'" & #('$('   #*" #& "#' " '#  ! #% '& 
&''" !(&'  ! ' #' "& # ' " -
 '%!" $ #' *% %&&'" & &' " %
&(%!"' %#! #" " # ' " & &("'
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6.7.3 Checking the Table 6.2 Measured currents with incorrect


current transformer termination CT connection
measured possible correction error
The current transformer termination is checked with I1/Iexpected
primary measured signals. A load current of at least
4,36 Transformer L2, incorrect polarity 
25 % of the rated line current is necessary for this. Transformer L1 and L3, incorrect polarity
This check cannot replace the visual check of the 4,73 Transformer L3, incorrect polarity 
correct current transformer termination because Transformer L1 and L2, incorrect polarity
the result of the measurement with the summation
4.93 Transformer L1, incorrect polarity 
CT current does not always uniquely identify the Transformer L2 and L3, incorrect polarity
cause of the error. For instance, a connection with
incorrect phase rotation due to swapped phase or 1.00 All transformers have incorrect polarity

with incorrect phase allocation but still maintaining incorrect phase rotation 
the correct phase rotation cannot be detected! Same incorrect phase allocation by correct
connection error at both line ends The checks accor phase rotation 
ding to section 5.2.5 are therefore a precondition. right connection

Secondary test equipment connected for the previous


tests and measurements must be removed. The sum On the one hand the table shows that the measured
mation transformer must be connected to the current deviations only differ slightly in the case of reverse
transformer. polarity of single phases which is why all connections
Before switching on the line, make sure that a short- must be checked again carefully in any case. On the
circuit protection is available at both ends of the line. other hand, swapped phases are not detected at all.
This is basically irrelevant for the function of the diffe
The differential protection functions remain switched rential protection provided that only the connections
to   (addr. 10 DIFPRO). at both ends of the line are identical.
D Open earth switches of the line. Connect line both However, a uniform phase allocation is important for
ends. It must be ensured that at least 25 % of the the sensitivity of the protection in the case of double
rated line current flows through the line.If neces earth faults in the non-earthed network.
sary, changes in the system configuration must be
implemented. The direction of the current is irrele Finally, switch off the line again.
vant. The correct polarity of the earth current path (in stan
D The summation transformer secondary current can dard connection according to Figure 5.3) is checked
be measured in the operational measured values when current IL2 is missing (Figure 6.6):
under addr. 84 OP.MEASV.. If connected correctly
this value corresponds to the current flowing
through the line, in relation to the rated current of
the device or the primary rated current in A. Caution
If matching transformers are connected, their actual Work on the current transformers requi
transformation ratio must be taken into account. res the greatest caution! Short circuit
current before disconnecting any CT
Current transformer terminations may still be swap
connections to the device!
ped. Table 6.2 shows the measured current in relation
to the expected current for polarity errors in the cur
rent transformer connection: Current transformer phase IL2 is short-circuited at the
D Isolate and earth line. CT and the connection cable to the summation trans
former is disconnected. The previous load current
D Correct current transformer connections. test is repeated.
D Repeat test.

6 - 36 Siemens AG January 1999


      


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Digital protection equipment has no special mainte grammed) drops out and signals the error with its
nance requirements. All measuring and signal proces NCC.
sing circuits are provided by static circuits with no
Detected software errors initiate a processor reset
moving parts. All input modules are also static; the
and restart. If such an error is not eliminated by the
output relays have protective covers.
restart, another restart attempt is made. The protec
Since the device is largely self-monitoring, hardware tion is automatically taken out of service after three
and software errors are signaled automatically. This unsuccessful restart attempts. This is indicated by
guarantees the high availability of the protection. the red "Fault" LED on the front panel; the signal re
Maintenance checks at short intervals are therefore lay "Device ready" drops out and signals the fault
unnecessary. with its NCC.
The device blocks automatically when it detects hard The error reactions can be accessed under block 81
ware errors; the relay "Protection in service" (if pro for error diagnostics in chronological order as opera
tional events (see section 6.4.2).

 


Routine checking of characteristics or pick-up values
is unnecessary because these are part of the continu
ously monitored firmware programs. The mainte
nance intervals planned for inspection and mainte

nance of the plant can be used to perform operational
tests on the protection equipment. This results from Dangerous voltages may occur in all cir
the fact that maintenance serves above all to check cuit components connected to the
the device interfaces, i.e. the link with the system. power supply and the measuring and
The following procedure is recommended: test signals.

D Read out the operational measured values (Block


84) and compare them with the actual values to
check the analog interfaces.
D Simulate a short-circuit with 4 times IN to check 

the analog input at high currents.
Tests with currents greater than 4 times
the rated device current lead to overloa
ding of the input circuits and may only
be conducted for brief periods (see
Technical data, section 3.1.1). Subse
quently, a break for cooling should be
made!

D The trip circuits for the circuit-breaker are checked


by tripping the circuit breaker under load. See sec
tion 6.7.4 for information.

Siemens AG January 1999 7-1


   
  

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If the device reports a failure, the following procedure
is recommended.
If none of the LEDs on the device's front panel light  
up, check:
D Is the module inserted correctly and secured Dangerous voltages may still be present
tightly? in the device (charged capacitors) even
after disconnecting the power supply or
D Is the auxiliary supply voltage high enough and removing the module!
connected to the correct terminals with the cor
rect polarity (overview diagrams in appendix A)?
D Hold the module by the front cover, pull it out and
D Is the fuse in the module's power supply unit un
place it on the conductive surface;
damaged (see Figure 7.1)? Replace the fuse as
described in section 7.2.1 if necessary.
If the red fault LED lights up and the green standby
LED is dark, try to initialize the protection by turning  
the auxiliary supply off and back on.
It is absolutely essential to avoid elec
However, in this case, parameter values which have trostatic discharge through the compo
not been saved during a parameterization process nent terminals, conductors and plug
may be lost. The date and time must also be updated pins by touching earthed metal parts
(see section 6.5.1). beforehand.

    
 D Remove the defective fuse from the holder
(Figure 7.1).
D Keep spare fuse 5 x 20 mm as shown in Figure D Insert new fuse in the holder as shown in
7.1 at the ready. Make sure it has the correct ra Figure 7.1.
ting, speed (T) and code letter.
D Insert module in the housing;
D Prepare the working surface: Create a conductive
surface to place the module on. D Secure the module in the housing by tightening
the two screws in the front cover
D Push back the two covers located at the top and
bottom of the front cover; this gives access to two Switch the device back on. If auxiliary supply failure is
centrally located screws. Loosen these two still signaled, there is an error or short-circuit in the
screws. internal power supply. The device should be sent
back to the factory (see chapter 8).

7-2 Siemens AG January 1999


       


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Figure A1


Surface mounting case, lateral terminals, SURFACE MOUNTING CASE 7SD600*-*BA00-*DA0
Flush mounting case / FLUSH MOUNTING CASE 7SD600*-*EA00-*DA0
2 2
1 Hilfsadernanschlu/
Overview diagram of the differential protection 7SD600*-*B***- und 7SD600*-*E***-


 
 
1
Ra PILOT WIRE TERMINALS

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Rb
E S

LED2

I1 6
6 -T1
I 1' 5 KOMMANDORELAIS/COMMAND RELAYS
5 4
4 -T2
3 3 16
16
(-K5) 15
15
EINGABE/INPUT K1: AUS-Kommando/TRIP-COMMAND
14
14
(-K6) 13
L+ Diff blo Kdo/DIFF BLO 7 13
7
E1: 8 -BI1
8 18
18
(-K8) 17 K2: AUS-Kommando/TRIP-COMMAND
L+ Lockout Quitt/LOCKOUT RESET 9 17
9
E2: 10 -BI2
10
MELDERELAIS/SIGNAL RELAY
L+ LED-Quit/LED-RESET 11 21
11 21
-BI3 20 M3: Lockout aktiv/LOCKOUT ACTIVE
E3: 12 (-K4) 20
12 19
19

24
L+ Stromversorgung / POWER SUPPLY 30 24
30 =~ 23 M2. Strung Ader/P-WIRE FAIL

!'
(-K1) 23
L- U H 31 = 22
31 22

  

RS485 26

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A 29 26
29 25 M1: Gert bereit/DEVICE OPERATIVE
B (-K3) 25
28
28
GND 27
27 LED1 LED1 Strschutzkondensatoren an den Relaisausgngen
Keramik, 4,7 nF, >250 V
Iinterference suppression capacitors at relay outputs,
ceramic, 4.7 nF, >250 V



   

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Figure A1 Connection L1-L2-L3 with reduced earth-fault sensitivity,


preferable for effectively earthed networks with particularly low zero sequence impedance

($*$+0  !+2!/4  


 

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Figure A1 Connection L1-L3-E with increased earth-fault sensitivity, preferable for low resistance earthed networks

 ($*$+0  !+2!/4 




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4,,#3*.- 31#-2'.1,&1
    ! 

 

 

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1*%(&% 3&1,*-#+2 



  

Figure A1 Connection to two current transformers L1-L3, only for insulated or resonant-earthed networks

 
)& /*+.3 5*1&2 ,#6 -&*3)&1
$& &#13)&% -.1 &04*//&%
5*3) 241(& #11&23&12
     

    



   
     
     

 


Figure A1 Connection example for two isolating transformers 7XR9513

 *&,&-2  #-4#16 


 


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"! 
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7SD600 7SD600
V3.00

SETTING 00 PRO 00PW.MON

01 NET 01 Netwf
DATA
01IN Ln

01IW PRI

01Rx

01 TAUSK

01 L.Out

01L.O.En

10LINE 10DIFPRO
DIFFPRO.
10IDIF>

10I1>Ena
b
10T
Delay
10 2HARM

10Harm2%

10Harm2I

10MIT.SE

10M.EXT

10 ISpc

  

  
 

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10 TSpC

11PILOT 11PW.MON
WIRE MON
11STATN.

11DIF.BL

11TDiBl

12REMOTE 12S.EXT
TRIP

13TRIP. 13TRI.R.
F.
REM ST.
13DELAY

13EXT

60 MARSH 61 MARSH 61 MARSH 61 BI1 1


BI BI1
:

61 B1 10

61 MARSH 61 BI2 1
BI2
:

61 B2 10

61 MARSH 61 BI3 1
BI3
:

61 B3 10

62 MARSH 62 MARSH 62SR2 1


SR SR 2
:

62SR2 20

   

 


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62 MARSH 62SR3 1
SR 3
:

62SR3 20

63 MARSH 63 MARSH 63ED1 1


LED LED 1
:

63LE1 20

63 MARSH 63LED2 1
LED 2
:

63LE2 20

63 MARSH 63LED3 1
LED 3
:

63LE3 20

63 MARSH 63LED4 1
LED 4
:

63LE4 20

64 MARSH 64 MARSH 64CR1 1


CR CR 1
:

64CR1 20

64 MARSH 64CR2 1
CR 2
:
71 I OP 71LANG
64CR2 20
72 PC 72DEV AD
INTERF
72Field-
Add
72SysAdd



      
 

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72 FTYPE

72 PCIN

72GAP

72 BAUD

72 PARIT

74 STO 74 STO F
MEM.
74 T MAX

74 T LEAD

74 T FOL

5 SYST 95 TEST

95 MODULE

81 OP
INDICATION INDICATION

82 SF 82 1. SF
INDICATION INDICATION

82 v1 SF
INDICATION

82 31 SF
INDICATION

82 41 SF
INDICATION

82 51 SF
INDICATION

82 61 SF
INDICATION

   

 


' $ ! $!& #$"&&"! 
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82 71 SF
INDICATION

82 81 SF
INDICATION

84 OP. I1=
MEAS V.
I1=

I2=

I2=

ID=

IS=

ADD. DATE DATE


FCT. TIME TIME

DATE

TIME

TESTS TST I/O TEST BI


STATE

TEST BI
STATE

TEST BI
STATE

IBS IBSRx
MEAS.

TEST LS TEST LS
OFF OFF ?

LOCK OUT LOCK OUT


RESET RESET ?

MONITOR



      
 

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Information table for function parameters 7SD600

SETT. parameter block processing


00 PRO device scope
00 PW.MON
No.AVAI. Configure pilot wire monitoring
AVAIL. [ ] not available
[ ] available

01 SYSTEM DATA system/line data


01 Sysf rated frequency
50 Hz [ ] fN 50 Hz
60 Hz [ ] fN 60 Hz
01 IN Ln rated current of the line
min. 1 A
max. 100000
01 IW PRI Primary rated current
of the main CT transformer
min. 1 A
max. 100000
01 Rx resistance of the pilot wire loop
min. 0
max. 2000
01 TAUSK minimum duration of the trip command
min 0.01 s
max. 60.00
01 L.Out status of the Lockout function
OFF [ ] off
ON [ ] on
01 L.O.Fr reset the lockout
KEY [ ] with LED Quit key
BI [ ] via binary input
KEY BI [ ] with key or bin.

10 LINE DIFFPRO. line differential protection


10 DIFPRO status of the line differential protection
ON [ ] on
OFF [ ] off
IND. ONLY [ ] indication only
10 IDIF> pickup threshold of the differential current
min. 050 InL
max. 2.50
10 I1>Ena min. summation CT current
for enabling the TRIP signal
min. 0.00 InL
max. 1.50

   

 


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10 T DELAY delay time for the trip


min. 0.00 s
max. 60.00
10 2HARM blocking with 2nd harmonic on/off
OFF [ ] off
ON [ ] on
10 Harm2% 2nd harmon. component in diff.
current for blocking
min. 10 %
max. 80
10 Harm2I max. diff. current for block. by 2nd harmon.
min. 1.00 InL
max. 10.00
10 MIT.SE status of the transfer trip function
OFF [ ] off
ON [ ] on
10 M.EXT transfer trip extension time
min. 0.00 s
max. 5.00
10 ISpC pickup threshold for block. by diff. current
min. 0.10 InL
max.1.00/y
10 TSpC delay time fr block. by diff. current
min. 5 s
max. 60

11 PILOT WIRE MON pilot wire monitoring


11 PW.MON status of the pilot wire monitoring
ON [ ] on
OFF [ ] off
11 STATN. station ID for establishing connection
MASTER [ ] Master
SLAVE [ ] Slave
11 DIF.BL block. diff. protection
in case of pilot wire interruption
ON [ ] on
OFF [ ] off
11 TDiBL delay time for the diff. protection blocking
min. 1 s
max. 60

12 REMOTE TRIP. remote tripping


12 S.EXT extension of the remote trip signal
min. 0.00 s
max. 60.00

  

  
 

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13 TRIP BY REM STN. tripping by remote station


13 TRIP.R. status of TRIP by remote station
ON [ ] on
OFF [ ] off
13 DEL. delay time for TRIP by remote station
min. 0.00 s
max. 60.00
13 EXT: extension time for TRIP by remote station
min. 0.00 s
max. 60.00

   

 


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Information table for configuration parameters 7SD600

60 MARSH marshallings
61 Marsh BI marshalling binary inputs
61 Marsh BI1 marshalling binary input 1
61 BI1 1 binary input 1 indication 1

61 BI1 2 binary input 1 indication 2

61 BI1 3 binary input 1 indication 3

61 BI1 4 binary input 1 indication 4

61 BI1 5 binary input 1 indication 5

61 BI1 6 binary input 1 indication 6

61 BI1 7 binary input 1 indication 7

61 BI1 8 binary input 1 indication 8

61 BI1 9 binary input 1 indication 9

61 B1 10 binary input 1 indication 10

61 Marsh BI2 marshalling binary input 2


61 BI2 1 binary input 2 indication 1

61 BI2 2 binary input 2 indication 2

  

  
 

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61 BI2 3 binary input 2 indication 3

61 BI2 4 binary input 2 indication 4

61 BI2 5 binary input 2 indication 5

61 BI2 6 binary input 2 indication 6

61 BI2 7 binary input 2 indication 7

61 BI2 8 binary input 2 indication 8

61 BI2 9 binary input 2 indication 9

61 B2 10 binary input 2 indication 10

61 Marsh BI3 marshalling binary input 3


61 BI3 1 binary input 3 indication 1

61 BI3 2 binary input 3 indication 2

61 BI3 3 binary input 3 indication 3

61 BI3 4 binary input 3 indication 4

61 BI3 5 binary input 3 indication 5

61 BI3 6 binary input 3 indication 6

   

 


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61 BI3 7 binary input 3 indication 7

61 BI3 8 binary input 3 indication 8

61 BI3 9 binary input 3 indication 9

61 B3 10 binary input 3 indication 10

62 Marsh SR marshalling signal relay


62 Marsh SR 2 marshalling signal relay 2
62 SR2 1 signal relay 2 indication 1

62 SR2 2 signal relay 2 indication 2

62 SR2 3 signal relay 2 indication 3

62 SR2 4 signal relay 2 indication 4

62 SR2 5 signal relay 2 indication 5

62 SR2 6 signal relay 2 indication 6

62 SR2 7 signal relay 2 indication 7

62 SR2 8 signal relay 2 indication 8

62 SR2 9 signal relay 2 indication 9

62 SR2 10 signal relay 2 indication 10

  

  
 

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62 SR2 11 signal relay 2 indication 11

62 SR2 12 signal relay 2 indication 12

62 SR2 13 signal relay 2 indication 13

62 SR2 14 signal relay 2 indication 14

62 SR2 15 signal relay 2 indication 15

62 SR2 16 signal relay 2 indication 16

62 SR2 17 signal relay 2 indication 17

62 SR2 18 signal relay 2 indication 18

62 SR2 19 signal relay 2 indication 19

62 SR2 20 signal relay 2 indication 20

62 Marsh SR 3 marshalling signal relay 3


62 SR3 1 signal relay 3 indication 1

62 SR3 2 signal relay 3 indication 2

62 SR3 3 signal relay 3 indication 3

62 SR3 4 signal relay 3 indication 4

   

 


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62 SR3 5 signal relay 3 indication 5

62 SR3 6 signal relay 3 indication 6

62 SR3 7 signal relay 3 indication 7

62 SR3 8 signal relay 3 indication 8

62 SR3 9 signal relay 3 indication 9

62 SR3 10 signal relay 3 indication 10

62 SR3 11 signal relay 3 indication 11

62 SR3 12 signal relay 3 indication 12

62 SR3 13 signal relay 3 indication 13

62 SR3 14 signal relay 3 indication 14

62 SR3 15 signal relay 3 indication 15

62 SR3 16 signal relay 3 indication 16

62 SR3 17 signal relay 3 indication 17

62 SR3 18 signal relay 3 indication 18

62 SR3 19 signal relay 3 indication 19



      
 

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62 SR3 20 signal relay 3 indication 20

63 Marsh LED marshalling LEDs


63 Marsh LED 1 marshalling LED 1
63 LED1 1 LED 1 indication 1

63 LED1 2 LED 1 indication 2

63 LED1 3 LED 1 indication 3

63 LED1 4 LED 1 indication 4

63 LED1 5 LED 1 indication 5

63 LED1 6 LED 1 indication 6

63 LED1 7 LED 1 indication 7

63 LED1 8 LED 1 indication 8

63 LED1 9 LED 1 indication 9

63 LE1 10 LED 1 indication 10

63 LE1 11 LED 1 indication 11

63 LE1 12 LED 1 indication 12

63 LE1 13 LED 1 indication 13


     


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63 LE1 14 LED 1 indication 14

63 LE1 15 LED 1 indication 15

63 LE1 16 LED 1 indication 16

63 LE1 17 LED 1 indication 17

63 LE1 18 LED 1 indication 18

63 LE1 19 LED 1 indication 19

63 LE1 20 LED 1 indication 20

63 Marsh LED 2 marshalling LED 2


63 LED2 1 LED 2 indication 1

63 LED2 2 LED 2 indication 2

63 LED2 3 LED 2 indication 3

63 LED2 4 LED 2 indication 4

63 LED2 5 LED 2 indication 5

63 LED2 6 LED 2 indication 6

63 LED2 7 LED 2 indication 7

  

  
 

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63 LED2 8 LED 2 indication 8

63 LED2 9 LED 2 indication 9

63 LE2 10 LED 2 indication 10

63 LE2 11 LED 2 indication 11

63 LE2 12 LED 2 indication 12

63 LE2 13 LED 2 indication 13

63 LE2 14 LED 2 indication 14

63 LE2 15 LED 2 indication 15

63 LE2 16 LED 2 indication 16

63 LE2 17 LED 2 indication 17

63 LE2 18 LED 2 indication 18

63 LE2 19 LED 2 indication 19

63 LE2 20 LED 2 indication 20

   

 


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63 Marsh LED 3 marshalling LED 3


63 LED3 1 LED 3 indication 1

63 LED3 2 LED 3 indication 2

63 LED3 3 LED 3 indication 3

63 LED3 4 LED 3 indication 4

63 LED3 5 LED 3 indication 5

63 LED3 6 LED 3 indication 6

63 LED3 7 LED 3 indication 7

63 LED3 8 LED 3 indication 8

63 LED3 9 LED 3 indication 9

63 LE3 10 LED 3 indication 10

63 LE3 11 LED 3 indication 11

63 LE3 12 LED 3 indication 12

63 LE3 13 LED 3 indication 13

63 LE3 14 LED 3 indication 14

      
 

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63 LE3 15 LED 3 indication 15

63 LE3 16 LED 3 indication 16

63 LE3 17 LED 3 indication 17

63 LE3 18 LED 3 indication 18

63 LE3 19 LED 3 indication 19

63 LE3 20 LED 3 indication 20

63 Marsh LED 4 marshalling LED 4


63 LED4 1 LED 4 indication 1

63 LED4 2 LED 4 indication 2

63 LED4 3 LED 4 indication 3

63 LED4 4 LED 4 indication 4

63 LED4 5 LED 4 indication 5

63 LED4 6 LED 4 indication 6

63 LED4 7 LED 4 indication 7

63 LED4 8 LED 4 indication 8


     


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63 LED4 9 LED 4 indication 9

63 LE4 10 LED 4 indication 10

63 LE4 11 LED 4 indication 11

63 LE4 12 LED 4 indication 12

63 LE4 13 LED 4 indication 13

63 LE4 14 LED 4 indication 14

63 LE4 15 LED 4 indication 15

63 LE4 16 LED 4 indication 16

63 LE4 17 LED 4 indication 17

63 LE4 18 LED 4 indication 18

63 LE4 19 LED 4 indication 19

63 LE4 20 LED 4 indication 20

64 Marsh CR marshalling command relay


64 Marsh CR 1 marshalling command relay 1
64 CR1 1 command relay 1 indication 1

64 CR1 2 command relay 1 indication 2

      
 

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64 CR1 3 command relay 1 indication 3

64 CR1 4 command relay 1 indication 4

64 CR1 5 command relay 1 indication 5

64 CR1 6 command relay 1 indication 6

64 CR1 7 command relay 1 indication 7

64 CR1 8 command relay 1 indication 8

64 CR1 9 command relay 1 indication 9

64 CR1 10 command relay 1 indication 10

64 CR1 11 command relay 1 indication 11

64 CR1 12 command relay 1 indication 12

64 CR1 13 command relay 1 indication 13

64 CR1 14 command relay 1 indication 14

64 CR1 15 command relay 1 indication 15

64 CR1 16 command relay 1 indication 16

64 CR1 17 command relay 1 indication 17


     


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64 CR1 18 command relay 1 indication 18

64 CR1 19 command relay 1 indication 19

64 CR1 20 command relay 1 indication 20

64 Marsh CR 2 marshalling command relay 2


64 CR2 1 command relay 2 indication 1

64 CR2 2 command relay 2 indication 2

64 CR2 3 command relay 2 indication 3

64 CR2 4 command relay 2 indication 4

64 CR2 5 command relay 2 indication 5

64 CR2 6 command relay 2 indication 6

64 CR2 7 command relay 2 indication 7

64 CR2 8 command relay 2 indication 8

64 CR2 9 command relay 2 indication 9

64 CR2 10 command relay 2 indication 10

64 CR2 11 command relay 2 indication 11

      
 

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64 CR2 12 command relay 2 indication 12

64 CR2 13 command relay 2 indication 13

64 CR2 14 command relay 2 indication 14

64 CR2 15 command relay 2 indication 15

64 CR2 16 command relay 2 indication 16

64 CR2 17 command relay 2 indication 17

64 CR2 18 command relay 2 indication 18

64 CR2 19 command relay 2 indication 19

64 CR2 20 command relay 2 indication 20

71 I OP Integrated operation
71 LANG operating language
ENGLISH [ ] English
DEUTSCH [ ] German
ESPANOL [ ] Spanish

72 PC INTERF configuring PC/system interface


72 DEV ADD device address
min. 1
max. 254
72 FieldADD field address
min. 1
max. 254
72 SysAdd system address
min. 1
max. 254


     


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72 FTYPE function type (for VDEW interface)


min. 1
max. 254
72 PCIN functional scope of the PC interface
DIGSI V3 [ ] DIGSI V3
ASCII [ ] ASCII
VDEWcom [ ] VDEWcompatible
72 GAP transmission gaps on the PC interface
min. 0.0 s
max. 5.0
72 BAUD baud rate of the PC interface
9600BAUD [ ] 9600 baud
19200 BD [ ] 19200 baud
1200BAUD [ ] 1200 baud
2400BAUD [ ] 2400 baud
4800BAUD [ ] 4800 baud
72 PARIT parity of the PC interface
DIGSI V3 DIGSI V3
ODD1ST odd parity 1 Stop
NO2ST no parity 2 Stop
NO3ST no parity 1 Stop

74 FLT REC. fault recording


74 FLT F trigger/storage condition for fault recording
SV.ACT save with fault detection
SV.OFF save with TRIP
ST.OFF start at TRIP
74 T MAX max. length per recording Tmax
min. 0.30 s
max. 5.00
74 T LEAD prefault time Tlead
min. 0.05 s
max. 0.50
74 T FOL postfault time Tfollow
min. 0.05 s
max. 0.50

95 SYST system settings


95 TEST activate internal test
NONE [ ] none
WITH IND. [ ] with indication
ERRMONI [ ] Errbuf full=>Monitor
95 MODULE number of module to be tested
min. 0
max. 100

  

  
 

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Indications of the 7SD600 for PC, LCdisplay and Binary inputs/outputs

FNo. function number of the event


Op/Flt operational/fault event
K/KG: coming/coming and going event
MV : measured value
E: marshalled to binary input
A: marshalled to binary output (LED, indication/command relay)

+ +
|FNo.|Text | Meaning |Op|Flt|I|O|
+ + + + + + + |
| 1|n.marsh | not marshalled | | |I|O|
| 5|>LED r. | >Reset LEDs | | |I|O|
| 52|Pro act. | at least one protective function is active |KG| | |O|
| 60|LEDRS | Reset LEDs |K | | | |
| 83|SigTest | internally used signaling indication | | | | |
| 110|IndLost | indications lost |K | | | |
| 111|IndPCls | indications for PC lost |K | | | |
| 113|Tag lost | tag lost | | | | |
| 115|Sf lost | system disturbance indications lost | |K | | |
| 203|St. del | fault data storage deleted |K | | | |
| 301|Netwflt. | system disturbance |K |K | | |
| 302|Fault | fault |K |K | | |
| 501|Dev. Act. | protection (gen.) activation | |KG| |O|
| 511|Dev. TRIP | protection (gen.) general tripping | |K | |O|
| 525|I1 | switched off current I1/In= | |K | | |
| 605|I1= | operational measured value station 1 in % |MV| | | |
| 606|I2= | operational measured value station 2 in % |MV| | | |
| 608|ID= | operational measured value diff current in % |MV| | | |
| 609|IS= | operational measured value rod current in % |MV| | | |
| 655|I1= | operational measured value station 1 in A |MV| | | |
| 656|I2= | operational measured value station 2 in A |MV| | | |
|1157|>LSeinA | >LS auxiliary contact all poles closed |KG| |I|O|
|1174|LStest | circuitbreaker test running |KG| | |O|
|1185|TST TRIP | LS test trip 3phase |KG| | |O|
|3003|>DIFblk | >blocking DIFF protective function |KG| |I|O|
|3008|>Res.LO | reset the lockout | | |I|O|
|3015|DIF.off | differential protection is switched off |KG| | |O|
|3016|DIF.blk | differential protection blocked |KG| | |O|
|3017|DIF.act | differential protection active |KG| | |O|
|3021|DEL.st | delay for trip by IDIFF> started | |KG| |O|
|3022|DIF.GA | diff. protection general activation | |KG| |O|
|3024|B.DIF S | block. by saturation in the DIFF current | |KG| |O|
|3026|B.DIF H | blocking by harmonics | |KG| |O|
|3027|DIF TRIP | diff. protection tripping stage IDIFF> | |K | |A|
|3028|Trans.sen | transfer trip is sent | |KG| |O|
|3030|B.DIF D | blocking by DIFF current superv. |KG| | |O|
|3031|Lockout | Lockout state of the trip |KG| | |O|
+ +


     


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+ +
|FNo.|Text | Meaning |Op|Flt|I|O|
+ + + + + + + |
|3303|>RT blk | >blocking of the remote trip | | |I|O|
|3306|>RTRIP | >remote trip of the remote station | | |I|O|
|3312|RT blk. | remote trip is blocked |KG| | |O|
|3316|RT send | remote trip is sent |KG| | |O|
|3333|>Rec.bl | >blocking of TRIP by remote station | | |I|O|
|3341|Rec.off | TRIP by remote station is switched off |KG| | |O|
|3342|Rec.blk | TRIP by remote station: blocked |KG| | |O|
|3343|Rec.act | TRIP by remote station: active |KG| | |O|
|3346|Rec.Act | TRIP by remote station: activation | |KG| |O|
|3347|Rec.TRIP | TRIP by remote station: trip | |K | |O|
|3348|Rec.rec | TRIP by remote station: signal received |KG| | |O|
|3363|>PWM bl | >blocking of pilot wire monitoring | | |I|O|
|3371|PWM off | pilot wire monitoring is switched off |KG| | |O|
|3372|PWM blk | pilot wire monitoring blocked |KG| | |O|
|3376|Flt.WM | fault in the pilot wire connection |KG| | |O|
+ +

Indications of the 7SD600 for the LSA


(according to DIN 19244 / according to VDEW/ZVEI)

FNo. function number of the event


Op/Flt operational/fault event
K/KG: coming/coming and going event
V : event with numerical value
MV : measured value
LSA No. number of the indication for LSA (acc. to DIN 19244) acc. to VDEW/ZVEI:
CI compatible indication
GR indication for general request
MI mark indication for fault value buffer
Type function type (p: according to the parameter function type)
Inf information number

+ +
| | | Type |LSA| VDEW/ZVEI |
|FNo.|Meaning |Op|Flt|No.|CI|GR|MI|Type|Inf|
+ + + + + + + + + + |
| 511|protection (gen.) general tripping | |K |141| | |MI|192|161|
| 605|operational measured value current I1 in % |MV| | | | | |134|130|
|3376|fault in the pilot wire connection |KG| | 95| |GR| |192| 76|
+ +

  

  
   

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Both conditions 1. and 2. (see section 5.2.5) must be exceeds the tripping value according to the stabiliza
satisfied. Current transformer minimum data: 10P10. tion characteristic. The pick-up time of the saturation
detector depends on the value of the external fault
A further condition 3 may be additionally used for di
current. The following table shows the relationship
mensioning the current transformers if condition 2
between the value of the fault current and the pick-
cannot be satisfied because the current transformers
up time of the detector. Since the saturation detector
are too different.
responds at approx. 2.5 times the rated current flo
The device can recognize an external short-circuit if
wing through the line/cable, the accuracy limit factor
the current transformers at both ends of the line
must be multiplied by the ratio of transformer rated
transform the short circuit current without saturation
current to rated line current to obtain the pick-up time
for a minimum period. The device then operates with
in the table. Usually this factor = 1, so that direct use
an increased stabilization and prevents overfunctio
of the accuracy limit factor k' can be made.
ning even when the differential current temporarily

Table A.9.1 Pick-up time of the saturation detector depending on the maximum through fault current
relative to the rated line current
Fault current relative to the rated line current 3 2.5 4 5 7.5 10 10

Pick-up time of the saturation detector tm (ms) 12 10 9 7 5 5

The accuracy limit factor gives the ratio of maximum Example: transformer time constant tw = 5 s, satura
fault current to rated current of the transformer. It is tion-free time tm = 0.01 s, f = 50 Hz w = 314 1/s,
calculated according to condition 1 from the maxi system time constant tn = 0.1 s. Y calculated with
mum through fault current and the transformer rated formula equal 4.
current. If this factor is multiplied by the overdimen
3.1Necessary operational accuracy limit factor at line
sioning factor 4, the necessary accuracy limit factor
end 1 for the saturation-free time according to the
kn' is obtained at which the saturation-free transmis
table:
sion time of the current transformer is reached accor
ding to table A.9.1. Factor 4 takes into account the kn1' = 4*Ikd, max/INpr (exact: kn1' = Y*Ikd, max/INpr)
off-set of external short-circuits. This dimensioning 3.2Necessary operational accuracy limit factor at line
rule applies in approximation to systems with time end 2 for the saturation-free time according to the
constants up to 100 ms and accuracy limit factors table:
greater than 2.5. Factor 4 therefore represents a sim
plification which covers most applications. kn2' = 4*Ikd, max/INpr (exact: kn2' = Y*Ikd, max/INpr)

If exact calculation of the overdimensioning factor is The advantage is that conditions 3.1 and 3.2 are inde
necessary because, for example, large system time pendend of the respective CT burdens. On the other
constants exist, factor 4 is not recommended. From hand, it leads to approx. 4 times higher requirements
the saturation-free time tm the transformer time con of the operational accuracy limit factor than given by
stant tw and the circuit frequency w (2*PI*f) must be the steady-state dimensioning rules according to 1
calculated using the following equation: and 2.

Y = 1 + w*tn*tw/(tn - tw) * (exp(-tm/tw))

A - 32 Siemens AG January 1999




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The operational accuracy limit factor for the respec Rated burden of the current transformer
tive line end must be calculated with formula 1. The PN = 20 VA
protection is stable when the operational accuracy Internal burden of the current transformer
limit factor for line end 1 is greater than the necessary PE = 3 VA
operational accuracy limit factor kn1' calculated with Connected burden (summation transformer
condition 3.1. The same applies for line end 2 with + connecting cable) Pw = 6 VA
kn2'. Primary rated current of the transformer
INpr = 800 A
3.3The condition for stability is therefore:
With (1) the operational accuracy limit factor is
n1' > kn1' and n2' > kn2'
calculated at n2' = 102
The following example explains the situation:
The ratio of the operational accuracy limit factors
Maximum through fault current n1'/n2' = 2,4 violates condition 2 because the current
Ikd, max = 7200 A transformers are too different. Condition 1 is satis
Line end 1: fied, i.e. the maximum steady-state fault current
k1' = 9 is transmitted without saturation. In the clas
Current transformer 10P20, 10 VA sic dimensioning, no statement could be made about
Rated accuracy limit factor n1 = 20 the stability of the protection layout.
Rated burden of the current transformer
PN = 10 VA Condition 3.3 must be checked additionally to obtain a
Internal burden of the current transformer statement on the stability of the protection layout.
PE = 1.5 VA k1' = k2' = Ikd, max/INpr = 7200 A/800 A = 9
Connected burden (summation transformer
With 3.1/3.2 the necessary operational accuracy limit
+ connecting cable) Pw = 4 VA
factor is given for the saturation-free time and 9 ti
Primary rated current of the transformer
mes the CT rated current flowing for line end 1 and
INpr = 800 A
line end 2:
With (1) the operational accuracy limit factor is
kn1' = kn2' = 4*9 = 36
calculated at n1' = 41.8
The calculated operational accuracy limit factors
Line end 2:
n1' = 41 for line end 1 and n2' = 102 are respectively
Current transformer 10P40, 20 VA above the necessary accuracy limit overcurrent factor
Rated accuracy limit factor n2 = 40 so that the differential protection layout can provide
stable operation despite very different current trans
formers during external short-circuits.

Siemens AG January 1999 A - 33


 

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 with reduced earth-fault sensitivity, A - 3


Control capabilities, 6 - 26
additional functions, 4 - 15 control voltage for binary inputs, 5 - 3
binary outputs, 4 - 15 cubicle mounting, 5 - 2
display, 4 - 15 current threshold, 4 - 8
Disturbance recording, 4 - 16 current transformer, 5 - 9
hardware monitoring, 4 - 16 Current transformer requirements, Detailed calculation, A - 32
info display panel, 4 - 15 current transformer saturation, additional stabilization, 4 - 8
info PC, 4 - 15 current transformer terminals,
measurement of operational values, 4 - 16 Checking the current transformer terminals, 6 - 36
monitoring functions, 4 - 16 Current transformer termination, 6 - 36
processing of events, 4 - 15
software monitoring, 4 - 17
state interrogation, 4 - 16
Technical data, 3 - 8 
Application, 1 - 1
assembly, 5 - 2 Date, 6 - 6
assembly and connection date, 6 - 26
cubicle mounting model , 5 - 2 demands
panel flush mounting model , 5 - 2 current transformer, 5 - 9
panel surface mounting model , 5 - 2 pilot wires, 5 - 9
auxiliary supply voltage, 5 - 3 Design, 2 - 1
Dimensions, 2 - 2
design, models, 2 - 1
 Detailed calculation, Current transformer requirements, A - 32
Different primary nominal currents, 5 - 8
Binary, Binary inputs/outputs, A - 30 Dimensions, panel surface mounting, 2 - 2
binary inputs, 5 - 20, 6 - 20 dimensions, 2 - 2
binary outputs, 5 - 20 panel flush mounting, 2 - 4
blocking, 4 - 9 Direct feedback binary inputs, 6 - 20
Direct remote tripping, Checking, 6 - 39
directives, 3 - 3
 Display panel, 6 - 1
displays, 5 - 20
Changing the fuse, 7 - 2
disturbance recording, 4 - 16
Check switch states, binary inputs/outputs, 6 - 31
Checking, Line differential protection, 6 - 29
checking
connections, 5 - 6 
specified ratings, 5 - 2
Circuit-breaker trip test, 6 - 37 elec. tests, 3 - 3
climatic Stress, 3 - 4 electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), 3 - 5
command relay, 5 - 28 Events (alarms), Introduction, 6 - 17
Commissioning Events (alarms) , 6 - 17
general, 6 - 28
with primary measured signals, 6 - 31
configuration, scope of functions, 5 - 19 
configuring, introduction, 5 - 18
configuring the protective function, 5 - 18 fault detection, 5 - 17
connection , 5 - 2 Fault events, 6 - 22
connection circuit general, 6 - 23
reduced earth-fault sensitivity, 5 - 7 Line differential protection, 6 - 23
standard L1-L3-E, 5 - 6 other, 6 - 24
connection circuits, 5 - 6 Remote TRIP function, 6 - 24
increased earth-fault sensitivity, 5 - 7 Features, 1 - 2
two-phase, 5 - 8 Feedback, 6 - 20
Connection diagrams, A - 2 formation of measured values with 2 pilot wires, 4 - 6
Connections Front view, 6 - 3
Adaptation of unequal primary currents, A - 5 functional scope, 1 - 3
standard, suitable for all networks, A - 2 differential protection, 1 - 3
Two current transformers, A - 6 direct trip, 1 - 3
Two isolating transformers, A - 6 other, 1 - 3
with increased earth-fault sensitivity, A - 4 remote tripping, 1 - 3

Siemens AG Januar 1999 I-I



I
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