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# 1ra PARTE: EJERCICIOS Y PROBLEMAS PROPUESTOS

## 1. Calcular las siguientes integrales indefinidas inmediatas:

3 2 2
1. 1/2 = 1/2
3 2

= 3 2
= 3 2 2
21/2 +
2( 3 2 ) +c
2 3 2 +

(1+)
11.
1
= , =

= =

+

+

+

21.
169 2

= 16 9 2 , = 18

=
18
1 1 1
1/2 = 2
18 18
1 1
(2) + = u1/2 +
18 9
1
16 9 + 2
9

31.
2

= , =

= 2
2

1
1 + = +

1
+

1+
41.

= , = 1 +

= +

ln( ) +

2
51.
1 2

= 1 2 , = 2

1
= , =
1 2

2 ()1/2

1 2 1 2
1
1/2 2

3
12
2 2 +
2
3
2 3
21 2 ()2 +
3

61. +
= , =

(+2)2
71.
3 +6 2 +124

= 3 + 6 2 + 12 4

= (3 2 + 12 + 12) , = 3( 2 + 4 + 4)

( + 2)2
3
1 1
= 1/2
3 3

2 1
2 +
3
2 3
+ 6 2 + 12 4 +
3

.
81.
2
1
.
= , =
2

=
2

=
2
= +

+

91.
2 2 +3
= , =
32 32
2 3 2 +
4 4
2
9 9
3 2 +
4 4
( 3/2) (17/2)2
2

2 + 3 + 2

2 3 2

= ( )
2
( 3) (17)2
2 2
23

( 2 ) +
17
2

2 3
( )+
17

101.
26162 2

2 2 2 16 26
2 8 13
2
82 82
( + 8 + ) 13
4 4
2
( + 8 + 6) + 3
3 ( + 4)2

2
(3) ( + 4)2
1 +4
( )+
2 3

111.
2 + 2

2 + 2
ln( + 2 + 2 )
1
ln ( + 2 + 2 2 ) +
b

121. 21 ( + )

() = () +
= 2
= 2
= 2
1 2
= 2 +

= 2 ( + )

+
= 2 2 ( )

= 2 2 . 1 ( + )
() = 2 21 ( + )
1 1
() = () +
2 2
1 2
+C
2

2
131.
1+

1 +
= 1 + = 1
=
( 1)

1
( 1/2 1/2 )

(1/2 1/2 )
23/2
21/2 +
3
2 3 1
(1 + )2 2(1 + )2 +
3
141. ( + 5)

= + 5

. .

ln(( + 5)) +

151.
4+5 2

5 2 + 4

1
= ( ) +
2 + 2

1 2
( )+
10 2

161. 2 ( 3 + 3)
= 3 + 3 , = 3 2

= 2
3
1 5
( )+
2 2
1
cosh
3
1
+
3
1
( 3 + 3) +
3

( 2 +2)
171. 3
3 +3 2 +1
= 3 + 3 2 + 1 , = 3 2 + 6

= 3( 2 + 2) , = ( 2 + 2)
3
1
1/3
3
1 2
(3 )
3
1 3
( + 3 2 + 1)2/3 +
3

181.
2 2+4

2 2 + 12 1 + 4
( 1)2 + 3

( 1)2 + (3)2
1 1
( )+
3 3

(1+ 2 )
191.
1+ 2

= ln(1 + 2 ) , = 2( )
1 + 2
1

2
1 2
. +
2 2
1
(ln(1 + 2 ))2 +
4

( 2 +1)
211.
( 3 +37)2

= 3 + 3 7
= (3 2 + 3)
= 3( 2 + 1)

= ( 2 + 1)
3
1

3 2
1
2
3
1 1
+
3
1
3
+
3( + 3 7)

(62)
231.
844 2

a= -2
b= 6
c= -4
d= -4
e= 8

2 2(4) 4 (2)(4)
+ 6
2(4) 8 4 4 2 2(4) 8 4 4 2
1 8 4
+ 5
4 8 4 4 2 8 4 4 2
2
= 8 4 4
= (4 8)

4 2 4 + 8
1 1
4( 2 + + ( )2 ( )2 2
2 2
1 2 1 1 9
4 ( + ) 2) = 4 [( + )2 + ]
2 4 2 4
9 1 2
4 [ ( + ) ]
4 2

1
+7
4 3 1
4(( )2 ( + ))
2 2
1 7
1/2 +
4 2 3 1
( )2 ( + )2
2 2
1 1
1 2 7 +
(2) + ( 3 2 ) +
4 1 2
2
1 7 2 + 1
8 4 4 2 + ( )+
2 2 3
2da PARTE: EJERCICIOS Y PROBLEMAS PROPUESTOS

## 1. Hallar la solucin general de la ecuacin diferencial:

b) 1 + 3
= 2 + 2

1 + 3 = 2 ( + 1)
2 2
= = ((1+3 ))1/2
+1 1+ 3 +1
1 1
= (1 + 3 )2 . 2
+1

=+1

=1

=

= 1 + 3

= 3 2

= 2
3

1
1 +1
1 1 2
() 2 . = 1/2 = ( 1 )+
3 3 3 +1
2
1
1 2 2 1
= 2 +
3 7 3
2
2 1
| + 1| = 2 +
3
2 1
| + 1| = (1 + 3 )2 +
3
| + | = + +C
2. Hallar la solucin particular de la ecuacin diferencial con las condiciones inciales :

1
b)
= , (2) = 1
+2
1
= +2

1
= ( + 2)2
= = +2

= 1 =

1
= 2
1/2 +1
= 1 +C
+1
2
1
2
= 1 +
2
= 21/2 +C

= 2( + 2)3 +
() = 2 + 2 +
=2
1 = (2) = 24 +
1 = 2(2) +
=

Particular : (2) = 1
1
= 2( + 2)2 +
= +
6. Una mujer que se encuentra en un globo deja caer sus binoculares cuando el globo esta a 150
pies de altura sobre el suelo y se eleva a razn de 10 pie/seg.

## b) Cual es la velocidad de los binoculares al momento del impacto?

a = -32 a =

= 32

= 32

= 32 +

(0) = 10/

10 = (0) = 32(0) + = 10

= 32 + 10

Pero: =

= 32 + 10

= (32 + 10)

= (32 + 10)

32 2
= 2
+ 10 +

## 150 = (0) = 16(0) + 10(0) +

150 =

= 16 2 + 10 + 150

Cuando: (1) = 0

0 = 16 2 + 10 + 150

0 = 8 2 5 75
525300(8)
1,2 = = 3.4
2(16)

= 3.4

V(3,4)= -32t+10

V(3,4)=-32(3,4)+10

V(3,4)=|98.8| = /

16. El punto (3,2) est en una curva y en cualquier punto (x,y) de la curva , la recta tangente tiene
una pendiente igual a 2x-3. Encontrar una ecuacin de la curva.

## P= (3,2) en la curva (x,y)

m= 2x-3

m= = 2x-3
Por separacin de Variables:
Dy = (2x-3)dx
Integrando:
= (2 3)
2 2
= 2
3 +
2
= 3 +

Pero: (3) = 2

## Entonces: 2 = (3) = 32 3(3) +

2=99+
2=

Por lo tanto: = +
3ra PARTE: EJERCICIOS Y PROBLEMAS PROPUESTOS

## Calcular las siguientes integrales:

1. 4

4 = (2 )2

1 2 2 1 22 + 2 2
( ) =
2 4
1 1 + 4
(1 22 + )
4 2
1 1 4
(1 22 + + )
4 2 2
1 3 4
( 22 + )
4 2 2

Integrando:

1 3 4
( 22 + )
4 2 2

1 3 1
( 2 + 4 + )
4 2 8
3 2 4
+ +
8 4 32

11. 5

5 = 3 . 2

= 3 . ( 2 1)

= 3 . 2 3

Integrando:

3 . 2 . 3

3 . 2 . 2 +
4 2
+ + ln() +
4 2

21. .
1
2 .

3/2 3
+ = 3/2 +
3/2 2

31. 3 ( ) 7 ( )
2 2

( ) 2 ( ) 7 ( )
2 2 2

( ) (1 2 ( ) . 7 ( )
2 2 2

( 7 ( ) ( ( )) 9 ( ) . ( ))
2 2 2 2

7 ( ) ( ) 9 ( ) . ( )
2 2 2 2

2 7 ( ) ( ) . + 2 9 ( ) . ( )
2 2 2 2 2

2 8 (2) 10 (2)
+ +
4 5

10 (2) 2 8 (2)
+
5 4

3
41. 3
4

3
= 3 . 4/3
4/3

. (2 ). 4/3
. (1 2 ). 4/3

4/3 . 2/3 .

1 5
3 3
1 + 5 +
3
3

1 3
3 3 + 5/3 +
5
1 3 6
3 (3 + 3 ) +
5
1 3
3 (3 + 2 ) +
5

3 3
. ( 2 + 3) +
5

51. 7 . 4

7 . 2 . 2

2 = 2 + 1

7 (2 + 1). 2

9 . 2 . 7 . 2

9 . 2 + 7 . 2

10 8
+ +
10 8
61. 3 . 3 .

2 . . 2 .

2 . 2 . . .

2 = ( 2 1)

2 ( 2 1)(. )

4 . (. ) 2 (. )

4 . (. ) 2 (. )

5 3
+
5 3