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# AC Drive

1. Objective Question

## Mark the right option.

1. Speed of an induction motor can be varied by varying

## a. Frequency of supply voltage

b. Rotor resistance
c. Changing the number of poles
d. Any of the above
2. To calculate the synchronous RPM of an induction motor you need following data:

## a. Rated voltage and frequency

b. Number of poles and frequency
c. Rated power and voltage
d. Rated voltage and current
3. Actual slip of a running induction motor depends upon
a. Supply voltage
b. Frequency
d. None of the above

## 4. The motor will run with minimum slip

a. Running at full load
b. Running with Over load
c. During start up
d. Running on no load

## 5. The torque delivered by an induction motor is

a. Is always constant at it rated value
b. Varies with supply voltage
c. Varies with RPM
d. Varies with load torque
6. If a motor runs at higher torque than required load torque of a machine:
a. The machine will get damaged
b. The motor will get damaged
c. Motor speed will be fluctuating
d. The question is senseless
7. For Constant torque loads the HP
a. Varies in proportion to speed
b. Remains constant
c. Varies in proportion to square of the speed
d. Varies in inverse proportion to speed
8. Which of the following types of equipment have the characteristics of torque (Speed)2
a. Conveyors
b. Fans
c. Drilling machine
d. Hoists
9. A conveyor speed is to be varied from 1m / secs (min) to 5 m / secs (Max). The motor connected to the conveyor roll is
a 10 Hp, 4-pole motor, alongwith a variable speed drive. What would be the synchronous speed of the motor when the
conveyor is running at its minimum speed.
a. 1500 rpm
b. 1000 rpm
c. 200 rpm
d. none of the above
10. The output voltage of a pulse width modulated inverter is form of
a. Pure sinusoidal wave
b. Square pulses
c. Distorted sine wave
d. None of above
11. Vector controls are used to achieve
a. High RPM
b. Lesser harmonics
c. Improve power factor
d. Better control of Torque
12. Vector Controls are used to achieve
a. High RPM
b. Lesser Harmonics
c. Improve Power Factor
d. Better Control of Torque
13. A 415V, 3-ph, 2-pole induction motor is running at 1000 rpm, with the help of PWM AC Drive? What would be the
output voltage (rms) of the drive
a. 415V
b. 294V
c. 239.6V
d. 138.3V
14. A motor running on load and at 50% of its rated RPM and through an AC Drive is drawing a current of 7.5 Amps from
the output side of the AC Drive. The Current on the input side of the drive will be (Neglect the loss in the AC Drive)
a. More than 7.5 Amps
b. Less than 7.5 Amps
c. 7.5 Amps
15. Two 5Hp motors are connected to a single 10 Hp AC Drive when starting
a. Both motors must start together
b. One motor should be started first and second after the first motor reaches full speed
c. Two Motors cannot be connected to a common AC Drive.
d. The question is senseless.
16. If a 10 Hp. 4 Pole motor is run at 1800 rpm by supplied a 60 Hz frequency from an AC Drive. It can delivered an output
power on a continuous running
a. upto 12 Hp
b. 10 Hp
c. 7.5 Hp
d. None of the above
17. The power Semi conductors used in the inverter section of an industrial AC Drive are normally
a. IGBT
b. Thyristors
c. Power Transistors
d. GTOs
18. AC Drive protects the motors against various types of faults which of the following fault is not taken care of in an AC
Drive
a. Earth fault
c. Short Circuit
d. Over Voltage
19. For a variable speed conveyor application the motor speed needs to be varied from 300 rpm to 3000 rpm which
maintaining constant torque which of the following problems need, to be taken are of especially.
a. Motor heating
c. Low power factor
d. All the above

20. An AC Drive is to be to vary the speed of a 25 Hp, 3-phase, 415V, 50Hz, 4-pole motor with rated full load current of
35A, rated RPM of 1440, efficiency 90% and p.f. 0.85. Fir deciding the size of AC Drive which motor parameters will be
most important?
a. Rated Voltage
b. Rated RPM
c. Rated Current
d. Rated Frequency

21. AC Drive is to used for varying the speed of 6-pole motor from 500 rpm to 1000 rpm at constant torque and 10-00 rpm
to 1200 rpm at constant power. AC drive should be able to vary the output at least frequency up to?
a. 50 Hz
b. 60 Hz
c. 100 Hz
d. 120 Hz

22. An induction motor runs with a slip of 3% by using a standard AC drive without any special controls the motor speed
can be controlled to within?
a. + 3% of the set speed
b. Better than +3% of the set speed
c. Worse that +3% of the set speed
d. With 0% variation from the set speed.

23. A 10 HP motor is loaded maximum upto 5 HP only. The rating of the AC drive for the motor may be5 Hp
a. 10 Hp
b. 7.5 Hp
24. A 25 Hp 4 pole motor driving a constant torque load is running at 100 rpm thru an AC Drive. What would be the
approximate HP input to the AC Drive (Neglect losses in AC Drive)?
a. 16 Hp
b. 25 Hp
c. 21 Hp
d. 11 Hp

25. A 100 Hp 4-pole motor is being used to run an extruder at 1000 rpm thru a gearbox. The user wants to replace the
gearbox by an AC Drive. Do you think it will be technically correct to replace the gearbox with an AC Drive the same
motor?
a. Yes
b. No

## 26. Harmonics voltages are

a. Sinusoidal voltages having frequency multiples of the base frequency of the line voltage
b. Non sinusoidal voltage having frequency an multiples of the base frequency the line voltage
c. Square pulse voltages with frequency in terms of KHz.
d. Pulsating DC Voltages

## 27. The effect of Harmonics is

1. Lower power factor
2. Unwanted electrical noise signals
3. Overheating of connected equipment

a. All of above
b. None of above
c. Only 1 & 3
d. Only 3
28. Total harmonic distortion (THD) in a supply line given in terms of
a. Voltages
b. Current
c. Frequency
d. % age
29. The signal given to an AC drive for varying the speed of the drive is
a. 0-10 V DC
b. 4-20 mA
c. Digital Signal thru Sr. Link
d. Any of the above
30. Flying start facility allows the AC Drive to
a. Run the motor at full speed without any ramp up time
b. Allows the motor to run at above synchronous speed
c. Allows the motor to be switched ON immediately after switching off
d. Allows motors to vary between a minimum and maximum limit.
31. The Ramp down time set in the AC drive is 30 secs. However the motor coupled to the load comes to a stop within 20
secs. of stop command. This means that
a. The load is a high intertia load
b. The ramp time is not set properly
c. The AC Drive is defective
d. The load is a highly frictional load
32. A high intertia load connected to a motor takes 2 mins to come to full speed when switched direct on line. By using an
AC Drive this time can be reduced by
a. Setting a high ramp up time
b. Cannot be reduced at all
c. Setting a high current limit
d. Setting a high speed limit
2. Brief Descriptive Questions:

1. 10 Hp, 4-pole motor with a 5% slip is running at 1000 rpm thru a VSD. What is the maximum torque that motor can
generate at this rpm?

2. A 415V, 3-phase, 4-pole is running with a synchronous speed of 1000 rpm. What would be the approximate rms voltage
at motor terminals at this speed?
3. What is IR Compensation?

4. What type of loads are high intertia loads? Give examples? What special care is to be taken for selecting an AC Drive
5. What do you understand by the terms Ramp-up time? Skip Frequescies.
6. What is an application Macro? What is its function?
7. What is main difference in application of speed control for a Fan Drive and a conveyor drive?
8. What are heat sinks in a AC Drive? Where are they generally located?
9. What is carrier frequency of an AC Drive?
10. Which protection feature in an AC Drive needs to be matched to motor thermal characteristics?
3. Descriptive Questions
1. The specifications of an AC Drive are:

## Input supply : 3-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz

Output : 3- Phase, 0-415V, 0-200Hz
Rating : 30 Amps
Overload : 150% for 60 Secs.
200% for 3 Secs.
What is the maximum continuous HP rating of the motor, which can be connected to the above AC Drive Assume motor
efficiency 90%?
2. What additional measures have to be taken for applications requiring a very precise speed controls which cannot
accept the speed variation due to motor slip?
3. Explain how fast braking is to achieved AC Drives?
4. Why long cables from the AC Drive to the motor are not recommended lengths?
5. What is the significance of V/f ratio for an AC Drive?
6. Three motors are to be supplied from single common AC Drive? What are the precautions to be taken?
7. What special provisions has to be made for running an AC motor at very low speeds such as 10% of its rated speed?
8. A 30 Hp motor is running a blower with a fixed speed. The user wants to install an AC Drive without replacing the
existing motor. What parameters need to be checked before confirming the suitability of the existing motor for the AC
Drive application?
9. What is vector control? How is it achieved?
10. What are the adverse effects of AC Drive on power supply and how are these tackled?

## AC Motor and Starters

1. Objective Questions
1. Basic principal of operation of an Electric motor is based on:-
a. Lenzs Law
b. Flemings right hand rule
c. Flemings left hand rule
d. Newtons laws of motion
2. Synchronous RPM of an induction motor refers to :-
a. RPM of the rotating magnetic flux
b. Actual RPM of the rotor on full load
c. Actual RPM of the rotor on no load
d. RPM indicated on the name plats of the motor.
3. Power output of a motor depends on:-
a. Torque
b. RPM
c. Both RPM and Torque
d. Has no relation to Torque or RPM
4. RPM of a 4 pole motor will be__________ 6 pole motor
a. Less than
b. Same as
c. More than
5. A 3 phase 4 Pole motor is running on a supply of 440 V, 50 Hz with a slip of 5%, what will be its RPM?
a. 1575
b. 1450
c. 1475
d. None of these
6. The starting torque of a slip ring motor is the starting torque of an identically rated sq. cage induction motor:-
a. Same as
b. Less Than
c. More than
d. Can be either less or more
7. Start Delta starter instead of DOL starters are used for starting of large induction motors because
a. It reduces the starting current drawn by the motor.
b. Protects the motors from high over voltages.
c. Protects the motors from getting over loaded.
d. Starts the motor with higher Torque.
8. For motor to be suitable for starting with star delta starter, the stator windings have to be internally connected as
a. Star
b. Delta
c. Neither a not b.
d. Either a or b.
9. For high starting torque type loads the most suitable starter would be
a. Soft Starter
b. Auto Transformer
c. Star Delta Starter
d. DOL Starter
10. In a 3 Phase induction motor if the supply of any phases is interchanged e.g. R-Y and Y-R the motor will
a. Run in reverse direction
b. Will stop running
c. Will burn out
d. Will keep running as before.
11. Which of the following is normally not a part of motor specification
a. KW
b. Torque
c. Weight of the motor
d. Insulation class.
12. Why Energy efficient motors cannot be used in all applications.
a. They are more expensive
b. Not suitable for some specific applications.
c. Not as rugged as normal motor
d. All the above reasons
13. Which of the following conditions will not cause any damage to the motor
a. Unbalanced supply
b. Phase failure
d. Under Voltage

## 14. A motor taking too long to accelerate cannot be due to

b. Over Voltage
c. Low Voltage during start
d. Defective Sq. cage rotor
15. A fuse is used to protect the motor from
a. Short Circuit
c. High starting currents
d. All three
16. Capacitors are used in 1 phase motors because these
a. Are low power factor motors
b. These are not self starting motors
c. To protect them from transient voltages.
d. Reduce motor losses.
17. A 2-pole DC Motor is running on 440V, 50Hz supply what will be its RPM
a. 3000
b. 2000
c. 2200
d. Its a senseless question.
18. The shunt winding of a DC Motor is on the
a. Rotor of the motor
b. Stator of the motor
c. Both stater and rotor
d. In a specific location of the stator
19. Which of the followings is not a normal DC motor
a. Compound wound
b. Series Wound
c. Slip ring
d. Shunt Wound
20. Which is of the following is normally not a part of DC Motor
a. Commutator
b. Slip rings
c. Brushes
d. Rotor
2. Brief Descriptive Questions:
1. Briefly state the differences between on DC squirrel cage induction meter and a slip ring motor?
2. For which type of applications a slip ring motor is better than sq. Cage motor?
3. State the different losses which take place in an AC induction motor?
4. Define motor efficiency state the formula for calculating motor efficiency?
5. A 4-pole motor has 4% slip at full load 1% slip at no load. What will be the rotor speed at 50% loading of the motor?
6. A pump has an efficiency of 70% and the motor running the pump has an efficiency of 90%? What would be the
efficiency of the overall system?
7. In which method of starting an induction motor e.g. DOL, Star Delta, Auto transformer or soft starter the motor will get
maximum starting torque?
8. What is the advantage of star delta starter over DOL starter?
9. How is direction of rotation of an induction motor reversed?
10. Which are the common faults against which a motor needs to be protected?
3. Descriptive Questions
1. Describe the function of stator and rotor of a motor?
2. How is torque produced in an AC induction motor?
3. When an AC induction is switched ON it takes a certain time(Ts) to reach its full speed? What are the different
parameters which decide this starting Time (Ts) of the motor?
4. Explain the working of a star delta starter?
5. What is single phasing fault? In what ways does it affect the motor operation?
6. What is mugger testing? If the test results are positive means that a problem exists what action would be needed to
restore the motor for normal operaton?
7. Explain the specific duties, which a motor has to perform during starting, running and stopping of following types of
a. Conveyor belt
b. Hoist
c. Pump
d. Fan
e. Metal cutting An example of an answer for
Metal cutting Motor starts with full speed and minimum torque.
- High torque for short duration during cutting
- Steps quickly preferable braking

8. An open loop variable frequency drive is used for varying the speed of an AC pump motor. If a set speed reference is
given to the VFD will there be variation in the speed of the motor when the load on the pump varies. Answer YES or NO
with explanation?

9. In what type of applications are DC Motors better suited than AC induction motors and why?