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DIESEL FUEL OIL SYSTEMS

Presented by:

Mark Drow
David Eoff
AGENDA
MARK DROW
DAVID EOFF
ABOUT PREFERRED UTILITIES

Preferred Utilities: Fuel Oil Handling


Preferred Instruments: Boiler Controls
W.N. Best: Combustion Systems
Preferred Engineering: Nuclear Outage Support
ABOVEGROUND VS. UNDERGROUND
ABOVEGROUND OVERVIEW

UL142 UL2085
UNDERGROUND OVERVIEW
HYPOTHETICAL PROJECT EXAMPLE
FUEL LOAD CALCS: START HERE
TRICK QUESTION
OTHER FUEL LOAD CONSIDERATIONS
DAY TANKS
DAY TANK SIZE
MULTIPLE DAY TANKS

If a pump set is supplying more than one day tank, a flow


control manifold (fill valve) will be required on each day tank.
If any tank calls for oil, the pumps are energized and the
flow control manifold for that tank is opened.
Fill valves usually have a manual bypass.
Sometimes fill valves are motorized ball valves with
open/close limit switches.

Sidenote: A similar strategy may


be used when returning fuel from
day tanks to multiple bulk storage
tanks
CONTROL STRATEGY OVERVIEW
If a pump set is supplying more than one day tank, a flow control manifold (fill valve) will be required on each
day tank.
If any tank calls for oil, the pumps are energized and the flow control manifold for that tank is opened.
Fill valves usually have a manual bypass.
Sometimes fill valves are motorized ball valves with open/close limit switches.

High
Pump stop

Pump Start

Low
Control Panel

Return
Containment

Supply
Containment
Leak Detector
DAY TANK CONTROLS
LEAK DETECTION
LEAK DETECTION
Required in tank interstitial spaces.
Recommended in pump set leak basins.
Required in containment piping.
A good idea anywhere oil is likely to leak and accumulate.
Note: NFPA code is mute on how many leak detectors are required in containment piping.
PUMPS

Pump Sizing Rule of Thumb:


4:1 ratio, or pumps running 25% of the time
TYPICAL PIPING ARRANGEMENT

Emerg. Gen.

Vent Day Tank


with Rupture
Basin

Fill
GENERATOR
LOOP

Return

Supply
Suction

PUMPS SIZED FOR


Pump CONSUMPTION
Main Oil Tank PLUS SAFETY
FACTOR
ALTERNATE PIPING ARRANGEMENT

Emerg. Gen.

Vent Day Tank


with Rupture
Basin

Fill

Return

Suction Supply

Pump PUMPS SIZED FOR


Main Oil Tank
PUMP RATE PLUS
SAFETY FACTOR
VALVES MOST COMMON
VALVES OTHERS
PLC CONTROLS
ELIMINATE PROBLEMS BEFORE THEY HAPPEN
GEN FLOW VS. CONSUMPTION
HOT AREAS
COLD AREAS
FUEL FILTRATION
PIPE SIZING
SUCTION PIPING
VENT PIPING
REMOTE FILL PORTS
PUMC PIPE SIZING PROGRAM
THANK YOU!