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HARSUGUDA IPP PLANT INDIA

JHARSUGUDA

BOILER FEED PUMP

MAINTENANCE STRUCTIONS

PROJECT: JHARSUGUDA IPP PLANT INDIA

JHARSUGUDA

OWNER: Sterlite Energy Ltd.,INDIA

Sterlite

CONTRACTOR: SEPCOIII ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION CORP.,PRC

CONSULTANT: DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANTS PVT. LTD.

KOLKATAMUMBAICHENNAINEWDELHI

PROJECT CONTROL No.: JSGS-X-SPEM-LAC-EM-0002-A Rev. No. A

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURE CO.,LTD.


2008-06
CONTENT
1 SCOPE.............................................................................................................................................1

1.1 EQUIPMENT CONDITION ............................................................................................................1


1.2 GENERAL OVERHAUL INFORMATION AND ADVICE ...................................................................1
1.3 SHIPPING FROM SITE .................................................................................................................3
1.4 COMPLETION OF PUMP OVERHAUL ...........................................................................................4

2 MAINTENANCE PARTICULARS..............................................................................................4

2.1 ESTIMATED WEIGHTS (FOR LIFTING PURPOSES) ........................................................................4


2.2 JOINTS .......................................................................................................................................5
2.3 RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS ...................................................................................................5

3 ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................5

3.1 PREPARATION FOR MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................5


3.2 EXAMINING THE BEARINGS .......................................................................................................6
3.3 CHECK SHAFT SEALS ...............................................................................................................12
3.4 NDE MECHANICAL SEAL ........................................................................................................14

4 OVERHAUL .................................................................................................................................16

4.1 SCOPE ......................................................................................................................................16


4.2 PREPARATION ..........................................................................................................................16
4.3 EXAMINATION AND CLEANLINESS...........................................................................................16
4.4 BALANCING MARKS ................................................................................................................16
4.5 GENERAL INFORMATION ON DISMANTLING AND ASSEMBLY...................................................16
4.6 PUMP CARTRIDGE - REMOVAL ................................................................................................18
4.7 PUMP CARTRIDGE - INSTALLATION .........................................................................................20
4.8 DISMANTLING THE PUMP CARTRIDGE .....................................................................................24
4.9 INSPECTION, RENEWAL AND REPAIR PROCEDURES .................................................................25
4.10 ASSEMBLING THE PUMP CARTRIDGE .......................................................................................28

5 COUPLING INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL....................................................................30

5.1 INSTALLATION.........................................................................................................................30
5.2 REMOVAL ................................................................................................................................32

6 NDE THRUST BEARING PLATE INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL..............................33

6.1 REMOVAL ................................................................................................................................34


6.2 INSTALLATION.........................................................................................................................37

7 BALANCE DRUM INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL ........................................................39

7.1 REMOVAL ................................................................................................................................39


7.2 INSTALLATION.........................................................................................................................43

1 1
1 Scope

This section contains general information and advice on pump maintenance procedures
for a horizontal pumpset. These general instructions are provided as guidelines to aid
and direct a safe and efficient maintenance project.
It also provides a generic pumpset maintenance schedule that can be adapted and used
as required when a specific site maintenance schedule is not available.
It is essential that the plant safety rules and regulations are observed at all times during
maintenance procecdures.
Note: The boiler feed pump is an integral part of the pumpset. The following
instructions should, therefore, be read in conjunction with those for the
booster pump and the associated equipment.

1.1 Equipment Condition

1.1.1 Performance Record


Keep a written performance log for the equipment. An ongoing performance record will
assist troubleshooting and future pump service decisions. Long shutdowns and
unnecessary expense can then be avoided.
Pressure indicators can be installed into tapped openings in the suction and discharge
nozzles to provide much of the data required for performance analysis.
Periodic trending vibration recordings are necessary to diagnose excessive vibration
levels.

1.1.2 Troubleshooting
Analyse performance before dismantling. A problem might be correctable without
dismantling the pump. A performance record will help narrow the possible causes, and
determine whether the problem is mechanical, hydraulic or system related.
System problems typically originate in the suction system side of the pump. Control
mal-adjustments should be eliminated. Mechanical and hydraulic problems often are
interrelated and the source can be difficult to identify. Refer to Troubleshooting.

1.2 General Overhaul Information and Advice

Dismantling

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Check for toxic or otherwise harmful fluids before loosening bolted joints or
pipe connections.
Collect and dispose of toxic or otherwise harmful fluids in accordance with
the current environmental regulations to prevent endangering people or the
environment.

- Before starting any maintenance activity, ensure that:


- Electrical power breakers are locked in the OFF position.
- The pump is at ambient temperature.
- Pump system pressure has been isolated.
- The pump is drained and vented (by removing drain plugs or opening
valves as applicable).
- Suction, discharge, and auxiliary piping valves are closed.
- Cap the ends of all disconnected pipework to prevent the entry of dirt.
- During any dismantling procedure, mark all removed parts to enable
replacement in the same position.
- Protect all parts. Place larger parts in a protected area and wrap in cloth or
plastic. Place smaller parts and bolting in bags or boxes, and identify with
labels where components are for re-assembly.
- Protect screwed joints and threads.
- Refer to each dismantling / assembly section for information on specific
requirements for special tools and equipment. Obtain any required items
before starting maintenance activities.
- Check pump rotation. Note that certain threaded shaft components may be
tightened against rotation and may have a left-hand thread.

At all stages during dismantling of the pump, it is essential that the pump
CAUTION
shaft is adequately supported to prevent bending and/or damage to the
bearings.

Assembly

When the supplied pump and pumpset equipment is classified as suitable for
use in a Hazardous Area, the following conditions during maintenance
procedures MAY invalidate the Hazardous Area classification and MUST be
avoided:
failure to maintain correct casing / impeller / bearing clearances, as
detailed in Pump Unit Data
failure to use NEW O-ring seals, gaskets, seals or nut locking devices of
the correct type and size at all appropriate stages during assembly
procedures
failure to maintain bearings correctly

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failure to re-connect main (suction and discharge) pipework correctly to
the pump casing in accordance with manufacturers information and
current regulations
failure to re-connect auxiliary pipework correctly in accordance with
manufacturers information and current regulations and to direct the vent
and drain pipework to suitable safe locations / containers
failure to re-connect electrical equipment power supply and control cables
and instrument cables correctly in accordance with manufacturers
information and current regulations
failure to ensure correct direction of rotation for the driver in accordance
with manufacturers information
failure to install the coupling spacer(s) and coupling guard(s) correctly in
accordance with manufacturers information and current regulations
- All parts must be absolutely clean and free of oil or dust. Technical grade
acetone is recommended for cleaning machined surfaces immediately before
assembly. Air dry (use filtered, dry air) cleaned parts in a dust-free area. The
rust inhibitor on machined surfaces should be removed with a suitable solvent.
Ensure that there is no paint on locating spigots or recesses.
- Handle all parts carefully so that they are not dropped, or damaged in any
other way.
- Ensure any burrs or dirt on the faces of sleeves and impeller bores are
removed. Anti-scuffing paste must be applied to sleeves and impeller bores to
facilitate later dismantling.
- New gaskets, seals and O-ring seals of the same material, type and size as
originally supplied must be used for re-assembly operations. The O-rings must
be fitted carefully to prevent the risk of damage.
- Powdered molybdenum disulphide can be used as a shaft lubricant.
- Lubricate screwed joints and threads with glycerine
or Polytetrafluoroethylene.
- When applicable, re-assemble small bore pipework using new plugs in unions
that have been disconnected.

At all stages during assembly of the pump, it is essential that the pump
CAUTION
shaft is adequately supported to prevent bending and/or damage to the
bearings.

1.3 Shipping From Site

All equipment must be completely drained and decontaminated before removal from
site.

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1.4 Completion of Pump Overhaul

Re - commission the pump following every overhaul. Refer to BOILER FEED PUMP
SET INSTALLATION AND OPERATION INSTRUCTION.

2 MAINTENANCE PARTICULARS

2.1 Estimated Weights (for lifting purposes)

Item Weight (kg)

Pump(no water and excluding base plate ) 6385

Cartridge assembly 3360

Rotor 365

Discharge cover 919

Bottom half bearing housing(non-drive end) 75.5

Top half bearing housing(non-drive end) 32.8

Top half bearing housing(drive end) 33.5

Bottom half bearing housing(drive end) 76.5

Suction guide 425.5

Ring section (1st) 95

Ring section (2nd) 91

Ring section (3rd) 91

Ring section (4th) 91

Pump shaft 191

impeller(1st) 19

Interstage impellers(each) 18

Diffusers(each) 36.5

Diffuser(last) 65

Balance drum 28.9

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2.2 Joints

Joint between Material Size

Pump casing and suction guide Graphite profile seal 478/46614.41

Pump casing and suction guide Graphite profile seal 492/4807.06

Pump casing and ring Graphite profile seal 564/55017.11


section(1st)

Pump casing and discharge cover Graphite profile seal 604/5908.9

Restriction bush and discharge Graphite profile seal 280/269.65.11


cover

Diffuser(last) and discharge cover Fluorocarbon F275 O ring456.06/5.33

End cover and bearing housing Fluorocarbon F275 O ring266.077/5.33

Mechanical seal bush and shaft Fluorocarbon F275 O ring117.07/3.53


protection sleeve

Water cooling jacket and discharge Fluorocarbon F275 O ring202.57/5.33


cover(suction guide)
O ring158.12/5.33

Bearing housing(D.E.) and guard Fluorocarbon F275 O ring278.77/5.33

2.3 Recommended Lubricants

The lubricating oil for the journal and thrust bearings of the pressure stage
pump is supplied from the turbine oil system and should be as follows:

Grade: I.S.O. Grade 32

3 Routine Maintenance

3.1 Preparation for Maintenance

The following steps must be carried out to isolate the pump, before any maintenance
operation.
1) Isolate the electrical supply to the motor and lube oil system.
2) Isolate the electrical power supplies to all instruments.

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When isolating the pump set, refer to the manufacturers instructions about
CAUTION
system and hydraulic coupling instruction.
3) Close the pumpset suction and discharge isolating valves and the leak-off
isolating valves.
4) Isolate the cooling water supply.
5) Close the pump tap stage isolating valve.
6) Open the casing drain valve and drain the pump.
7) Before proceeding with any maintenance on the pump, ensure that there is no
pressure within the pump.

3.2 Examining the Bearings

The following instructions apply when the pump bearings are to be dismantled for
examination and/or renewal in situation, without disturbing the pump cartridge. It is
recommended that the drive and non-drive end bearings are examined at the same
time.

3.2.1 Journal bearing D.E

3.2.1.1 Dismantle
1. Refer to Drive Coupling and remove the coupling spacer and the pump-half
coupling hub.
2. Disconnect and remove the instrumentation from the bearing housing, and
store in a safe place.
3. Drain any remaining oil from the bearing housing into a suitable container.
4. Carefully disconnect and remove auxiliary pipework from the bearing housing.
Plug pipework ends to prevent ingress of dirt.
5. When applicable, remove the securing screws and remove the mounting plate.
6. Remove the plug and fit an eyebolt to the top of the bearing housing top half.
Attach a suitable sling to the eyebolt and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate
the lifting equipment to tension the sling and take the weight of the housing.
7. At the horizontal joint flanges of the bearing housing halves, remove the
locating taper pins / dowel pins and remove the securing screws.
8. Remove the mounting screws securing the top half of the bearing housing to
the suction casing. Use jack screws as necessary to loosen the top half
housing.

Note: If temperature detector wires are fitted, they must be guided carefully as the
bearing housing top half is removed.

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9. Lift the bearing housing top half carefully away from the bottom half and lower
it onto a flat surface, padded with cloth to protect the machined surface.
Remove the lifting equipment.
10. Verify match-marks for re-assembly, and then remove the top half of the radial
bearing. Lift the shaft slightly (0.1 mm) using a suitable piece of wood, then
rotate the lower half of the radial bearing around the shaft and remove it. Lower
the shaft.
11. Fit two suitable eyebolts to the bearing housing bottom half, one on each side
using suitable tapped screw holes in the joint flange. Attach a suitable sling to
the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate the lifting equipment to
tension the sling and take the weight of the housing.
12. Remove the locating taper pins / dowel pins and the mounting screws securing
the bearing housing bottom half to the suction casing and lower the housing
carefully onto a flat surface, padded with cloth to protect the machined surface.
Remove the lifting equipment.
13. Slide the inboard and outboard shaft seals off the shaft.

3.2.1.2 Examination of Bearings


Visually inspect the radial sleeve bearing surfaces for excessive scoring and heat
damage. Check the wear pattern on the running surfaces, the bearings and the shaft.
Renew the bearings if excessive wear or damage is present.

Bearing Housing

Check bearing housing fits, filing off any interference points. Remove old sealant
from housing flanges.

3.2.1.3 Assembly
If the removed bearing housing is refitted to the same cartridge inner block,
CAUTION
the rotating parts are positioned correctly by the taper pins / dowel pins.
During re-assembly of the housing, the only requirement is to re-locate the
lower bearing housing correctly with the taper pins / dowel pins. If a different
cartridge inner block, or a different bearing housing, is to be fitted,
positioning of rotor parts must be checked. Refer to Manufacturer for advice.

Note: Ensure that the DE mechanical seal is installed before re-assembling the DE
bearing assembly.

1. Slide the inboard and outboard shaft seals onto the shaft and into the
approximate fitted position.
2. Fit two suitable eyebolts to the bearing housing bottom half, one on each side
using suitable tapped screw holes in the joint flange. Attach a suitable sling to
the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Lift the bearing housing bottom
half into position on the suction casing, ensuring that it engages correctly over
the inboard and outboard shaft seals.

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3. Insert the locating taper pins / dowel pins through the bearing housing bottom
half, into the suction casing to position the housing. Refer to the Longitudinal
Section drawing or to Torque Tightening of Fasteners. Fit the mounting
screws and tighten them evenly to the correct torque value to secure the
housing in place. Remove the lifting equipment.

Check taper pins / dowel pins for proper fit and seating (not "bottoming")
CAUTION
before tightening the screws. Incorrect seating affects rotating element
radial centring.

4. Wipe clean and then generously lubricate the bearing surface of the radial
bearing bottom half and the shaft bearing surface.
5. Raise the shaft slightly (0.1 mm) using a suitable piece of wood and fit the
bearing half. Lower the shaft.
6. Wipe clean and then generously lubricate the bearing surface of the radial
bearing top half and the shaft bearing surface.
7. Fit the bearing top half, aligning match-marks. Rotate the radial bearing
assembly to locate the anti-rotation pin in the recess in the bearing housing.
8. Apply a thin coating of room temperature vulcanising (RTV) silicone sealer to
the machined horizontal mating surface of the bottom half bearing housing.

Note: If temperature detector wires are fitted, they must be guided carefully as the
bearing housing top half is fitted.

9. Remove the plug and fit an eyebolt to the top of the bearing housing top half.
Attach a suitable sling to the eyebolt and to suitable lifting equipment. Lift the
bearing housing top half carefully into position on the housing bottom half,
ensuring that it engages correctly over the inboard and outboard shaft seals
and the radial bearing anti-rotation pin.
10. Insert the taper pins / dowel pins through the flange joint between bearing
housing halves to position the bearing housing top half. Fit the mounting
screws through the horizontal flange joint and through the top half housing into
the suction casing. Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing or to Torque
Tightening of Fasteners. Tighten the mounting screws to the correct torque
value to secure the housing.
11. Remove the lifting equipment and fit plugs as required. Where taper pins are
used, release the taper pins between the bearing housing halves but allow the
pins to remain loose in place.
12. Refit auxiliary pipework and refit and connect instrumentation as appropriate.
13. When applicable, refit the mounting plate. Refer to the Longitudinal Section
drawing or to Torque Tightening of Fasteners - fit the securing screws and
tighten them to the correct torque value to secure the mounting plate.

After both bearing assemblies have been fitted, turn the shaft manually and
CAUTION
check that the rotating element rotates freely before completing mechanical
seal fit. Also check that the endplay of the pump rotor is correct.

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14. When DE and NDE bearing assemblies are installed, refer to Mechanical
Seals if appropriate and complete the installation of the DE and NDE
mechanical seals as required.
15. Refit the pump-half coupling hub and coupling spacer as required.

3.2.2 NDE Bearing Assembly

3.2.2.1 Dismantling
Note: It is assumed that all appropriate items of maintenance described in
Maintenance, General Overhaul Information and Advice have been
completed.
1. Refer to Drive Coupling and remove the coupling spacer.
2. Disconnect and remove the instrumentation from the bearing housing, and
store in a safe place.
3. Drain any remaining oil from the bearing housing into a suitable container.
4. Carefully disconnect and remove auxiliary pipework from the bearing housing.
Plug pipework ends to prevent ingress of dirt.
5. Remove the plug and fit an eyebolt to the bearing end cover. Attach a suitable
sling to the eyebolt and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate the lifting
equipment to tension the sling and take the weight of the cover.
6. Remove the cover mounting screws. Fit jack screws as required and remove
the bearing end cover, complete with O-ring seal.
7. Remove the plugs and fit eyebolts to the top of the bearing housing top half.
Attach a suitable sling to the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate
the lifting equipment to tension the sling and take the weight of the housing.
8. At the horizontal joint flanges of the bearing housing halves, remove the
locating taper pins / dowel pins and remove the securing screws.
9. Remove the mounting screws securing the top half of the bearing housing to
the delivery cover. Use jack screws as necessary to loosen the top half
housing.
Note: If temperature detector wires are fitted, they must be guided carefully as
the bearing housing top half is removed.
10. Lift the bearing housing top half carefully away from the bottom half and lower
it onto a flat surface, padded with cloth to protect the machined surface.
Remove the lifting equipment.
11. Verify match-marks for re-assembly, and then remove the top half of the radial
bearing. Lift the shaft slightly (0.1 mm) using a suitable piece of wood, then
rotate the lower half of the radial bearing around the shaft and remove it. Lower
the shaft.
12. Remove the upper half of the thrust bearing pads. Push the lower half of the
thrust bearing pads around and remove them.

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13. Fit two suitable eyebolts to the bearing housing bottom half, one on each side
using suitable tapped screw holes in the joint flange. Attach a suitable sling to
the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate the lifting equipment to
tension the sling and take the weight of the housing.
14. Remove the locating taper pins / dowel pins and the mounting screws securing
the bearing housing bottom half to the delivery cover and lower the housing
carefully onto a flat surface, padded with cloth to protect the machined surface.
Remove the lifting equipment.

3.2.2.2 Examination of Bearings


Thrust Bearings

Inspect every thrust bearing pad. Renew pads if they show extreme wear,
scratches, or any 'smearing' of the babbitt lining. New and used pads should not be
mixed. If a pad must be renewed, renew all pads on that side of the bearing.

CAUTION Prevent damage to the thrust collar bore and bearing surfaces.

Inspect both faces of the thrust bearing collar. The running surfaces should be
smooth. Replacement is generally recommended, but a rough surface can be
ground or lapped if proper equipment is available.
Check the run-out of a re-worked collar after it is refitted to the shaft. The maximum
allowed TIR is 0.01 mm.
When new axial bearing parts are being fitted, or if the running surfaces of the thrust
bearing collar have been ground or lapped, check the axial clearance in the thrust
bearing. If necessary, correct the bearing axial clearance by replacing the brass shims
fitted behind the thrust pad assembly end-plates with shims of the required thickness.
The new axial clearance of the thrust bearing pads is shown on the Longitudinal Section
drawing.
The amount of shimming on the thrust bearing assemblies also determines the axial
position of the rotor. It is important that should the axial position have to be adjusted for
any reason, the total amount of shimming should remain the same to preserve the
correct axial clearance; i.e. shims removed from one side of the thrust bearing must be
inserted at the other side.

Journal bearings

Visually inspect the radial sleeve bearing surfaces for excessive scoring and heat
damage. Check the wear pattern on the running surfaces, the bearings and the
shaft. Renew the bearings if excessive wear or damage is present.

Bearing Housing

Check bearing housing fits, filing off any interference points. Remove old sealant
from housing flanges.

3.2.2.3 Assembly

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If the removed bearing housing is refitted to the same cartridge inner block,
CAUTION
the rotating parts are positioned correctly by the dowel pins. During
re-assembly of the housing, the only requirement is to re-locate the lower
bearing housing correctly with the dowel pins. If a different cartridge inner
block, or a different bearing housing, is to be fitted, positioning of rotor parts
must be checked. Refer to Manufacturer for advice.

Note: Ensure that the NDE mechanical seal and the coupling are installed before
re-assembling the NDE bearing assembly.

1. Fit two suitable eyebolts to the bearing housing bottom half, one on each side
using suitable tapped screw holes in the joint flange. Attach a suitable sling to
the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Lift the bearing housing bottom
half into position on the delivery cover, ensuring that it engages correctly over
the inboard shaft seal.
2. Insert the locating taper pins / dowel pins through the bearing housing bottom
half, into the delivery cover to position the housing. Refer to the Longitudinal
Section drawing or to Torque Tightening of Fasteners. Fit the mounting
screws and tighten them evenly to the correct torque value to secure the
housing in place. Remove the lifting equipment.
Check taper pins / dowel pins for proper fit and seating (not "bottoming")
CAUTION
before tightening the screws. Incorrect seating affects rotating element
radial centring.
3. Wipe clean and then generously lubricate the bearing surface of the radial
bearing bottom half and the shaft bearing surface.
4. Raise the shaft slightly (0.1 mm) using a suitable piece of wood and fit the
bearing half. Lower the shaft.
5. Wipe clean and then generously lubricate the bearing surface of the radial
bearing top half and the shaft bearing surface.
6. Fit the bearing top half, aligning match-marks. Rotate the radial bearing
assembly to locate the anti-rotation pin in the recess in the bearing housing.
7. Locate the lower halves of the thrust bearing pads in the lower bearing housing
and push them around the shaft into their correct position. Fit the upper halves
of the thrust bearing pads and position the anti-rotation pins correctly.
8. Apply a thin coating of room temperature vulcanising (RTV) silicone sealer to
the machined horizontal mating surface of the bottom half bearing housing.

Note: If temperature detector wires are fitted, they must be guided carefully as the
bearing housing top half is fitted.

9. Remove the plugs and fit eyebolts to the top of the bearing housing top half.
Attach a suitable sling to the eyebolts and to suitable lifting equipment. Lift the
bearing housing top half carefully into position on the housing bottom half,
ensuring that it engages correctly over the inboard shaft seal and the radial
bearing anti-rotation pin.

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10. Insert the taper pins / dowel pins through the flange joint between bearing
housing halves to position the bearing housing top half. Fit the mounting
screws through the horizontal flange joint and through the top half housing into
the delivery cover. Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing or to Torque
Tightening of Fasteners. Tighten the mounting screws to the correct torque
value to secure the housing.
11. Remove the lifting equipment and fit plugs as required. Where taper pins are
used, release the taper pins between the bearing housing halves but allow the
pins to remain loose in place.
12. Remove the plug and fit an eyebolt to the bearing end cover. Attach a suitable
sling to the eyebolt and to suitable lifting equipment. Operate the lifting
equipment to tension the sling and take the weight of the cover.
13. Fit a new O-ring seal to the bearing and cover. Lift the cover into position. Fit
the mounts screw and tighten them to correct torque value to secure the cover.
Remove lifting equipment and fit plugs as required.
14. Refit auxiliary pipework and refit and connect instrumentation as appropriate.

After both bearing assemblies have been fitted, turn the shaft manually and
CAUTION
check that the rotating element rotates freely before completing mechanical
seal fit. Also check that the endplay of the pump rotor is correct.

15. When DE and NDE bearing assemblies are installed, refer to Mechanical
Seals if appropriate and complete the installation of the DE and NDE
mechanical seals as required.
16. If appropriate, complete the installation of the thrust collar refer to Bearing
Plate Installation and Removal.
17. Refit the coupling spacer as required.

3.3 Check shaft seals

3.3.1 Preparation
Study the following procedures as well as the pump Longitudinal Section drawing, and
other available drawings and documents, and be familiar with the design details and
assembly sequence.
Plan the operations and have withdrawal and assembly equipment, and other special
tools available. This includes any required measuring devices and torque wrenches.
Refer to Torque Tightening of Fasteners for information on standard torque tightening
procedures and values.

3.3.2 DE Mechanical Seal


Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing and Documents

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The coupling hub and DE bearing assembly must be removed before removal
CAUTION
and/or installation of the DE mechanical seal.

3.3.2.1 Removal
1. Refer to Bearings and remove the DE bearing assembly.
2. Remove auxiliary pipework as appropriate from the DE mechanical seal. Plug
Pipework ends to prevent ingress of dirt.
The mechanical seal components must be restrained axially before removal of the
CAUTION
mechanical seal.
3. Refer to the mechanical seal manufacturers information, detailed above. Fit the
appropriate seal component restraining fixtures in position to restrain the mechanical
seal components.
4. Where the seal sleeve is attached to the pump shaft a shrink disc system, refer to the
illustration and proceed as follow.
Do not detach the tension ring from the clamping ring.
CAUTION
a) Loosen (but do not remove) the hex socket
screws securing the tension ring and clamping
ring together and separate the two rings.
Two tapped holes are provided in the outboard
CAUTION
face of the clamping ring to enable the use of
jack screws to assist in initial separation of
the clamping ring and tension ring.
b) Slide the tension ring / clamping ring assembly
off the mechanical seal shaft sleeve, over the retaining ring and off the pump shaft.
cRemove the retaining ring and the thrust ring from the pump shaft.
5. Loosen the seal retaining screws and free the mechanical seal from its housing in the
casing. Two diametrically opposed tapped holes are provided in the seal plate for
jackscrews to assist in initial removal.
6. Withdraw the mechanical seal from its housing and off the shaft.

3.3.2.2 Installation
Note: Cleaning / inspection of mechanical seal components before seal installation, and
any subsequent required replacement of component parts, must be carried out in
accordance with the seal manufacturers information, detailed above.
1. Lubricate the pump shaft lightly.

Ensure that the mechanical seal restraining fixtures are fitted to secure the
CAUTION
mechanical seal components axially.
2. Refer to the mechanical seal manufacturers information, detailed above. Ensure that the
appropriate seal component restraining fixtures are fitted to restrain the mechanical seal
components.

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3. Slide the mechanical seal, complete with new shaft O-ring seals and housing O-ring seal,
over the pump shaft and into the housing in the casing. Ensure that seal is orientated correctly
for pipework connections.
4. Fit the mounting screws through the seal plate and into the tapped holes in the casing.
Tighten the screws evenly to the torque value specified either on the Longitudinal Section
drawing, or on the seal manufacturers drawing, to secure the mechanical seal in place.
5. Where the seal sleeve is attached to the pump shaft by a shrink disc system, refer to
the illustration in Section 3.3.3.1, above, and proceed as follows:
i. Fit the thrust ring into the groove in the pump shaft and fit the retaining ring over the shaft
and over the thrust ring to secure the thrust ring in place.
ii. Slide the tension ring / clamping ring assembly over the pump shaft, over the retaining ring
and the mechanical seal shaft sleeve into the position shown on the Longitudinal Section
drawing.
iii. Tighten the hex socket screws evenly to the torque value specified on the Longitudinal
Section drawing to tighten the tension ring / clamping ring assembly and secure the
mechanical seal shaft sleeve to the pump shaft. Withdraw the seal component restraining
fixtures and secure them clear. Refer to Section 3.8 - Bearings and refit the DE bearing
assembly.
6. Refit auxiliary pipework as appropriate to the DE mechanical seal.

3.4 NDE Mechanical Seal

Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing and Documents

CAUTION The coupling hub and NDE bearing assembly must be removed before removal
and/or installation of the NDE mechanical seal.

3.4.1.1 Removal
1. Refer to Bearings and remove the NDE bearing assembly.
2. Remove auxiliary pipework as appropriate from the NDE mechanical seal. Plug
Pipework ends to prevent ingress of dirt.
The mechanical seal components must be restrained axially before removal of the
CAUTION
mechanical seal.
3. Refer to the mechanical seal manufacturers information, detailed above. Fit the
appropriate seal component restraining fixtures in position to restrain the mechanical
seal components.
4. Where the seal sleeve is attached to the pump shaft a shrink disc system, refer to the
illustration and proceed as follow.
Do not detach the tension ring from the clamping ring.
CAUTION
a) Loosen (but do not remove) the hex socket
screws securing the tension ring and clamping
ring together and separate the two rings.

14
Two tapped holes are provided in the outboard
CAUTION
face of the clamping ring to enable the use of
jack screws to assist in initial separation of
the clamping ring and tension ring.
b) Slide the tension ring / clamping ring assembly
off the mechanical seal shaft sleeve, over the retaining ring and off the pump shaft.
cRemove the retaining ring and the thrust ring from the pump shaft.
5. Loosen the seal retaining screws and free the mechanical seal from its housing in the
casing. Two diametrically opposed tapped holes are provided in the seal plate for
jackscrews to assist in initial removal.
6. Withdraw the mechanical seal from its housing and off the shaft.

3.4.1.2 Installation
Note: Cleaning / inspection of mechanical seal components before seal installation, and
any subsequent required replacement of component parts, must be carried out in
accordance with the seal manufacturers information, detailed above.
1. Lubricate the pump shaft lightly.

Ensure that the mechanical seal restraining fixtures are fitted to secure the
CAUTION
mechanical seal components axially.
2. Refer to the mechanical seal manufacturers information, detailed above. Ensure that the
appropriate seal component restraining fixtures are fitted to restrain the mechanical seal
components.
3. Slide the mechanical seal, complete with new shaft O-ring seals and housing O-ring seal,
over the pump shaft and into the housing in the casing. Ensure that seal is orientated correctly
for pipework connections.
4. Fit the mounting screws through the seal plate and into the tapped holes in the casing.
Tighten the screws evenly to the torque value specified either on the Longitudinal Section
drawing, or on the seal manufacturers drawing, to secure the mechanical seal in place.
5. Where the seal sleeve is attached to the pump shaft by a shrink disc system, refer to
the illustration in Section 3.3.3.1, above, and proceed as follows:
i. Fit the thrust ring into the groove in the pump shaft and fit the retaining ring over the shaft
and over the thrust ring to secure the thrust ring in place.
ii. Slide the tension ring / clamping ring assembly over the pump shaft, over the retaining ring
and the mechanical seal shaft sleeve into the position shown on the Longitudinal Section
drawing.
iii. Tighten the hex socket screws evenly to the torque value specified on the Longitudinal
Section drawing to tighten the tension ring / clamping ring assembly and secure the
mechanical seal shaft sleeve to the pump shaft. Withdraw the seal component restraining
fixtures and secure them clear. Refer to Section 3.8 - Bearings and refit the NDE bearing
assembly.
6. Refit auxiliary pipework as appropriate to the NDE mechanical seal.

15
4 OVERHAUL

4.1 Scope

Directions for the removal and installation of the pump cartridge.

4.2 Preparation

Study the following procedures as well as the pump Longitudinal Section drawing, and
other available drawings and documents, and be familiar with the design details and
assembly sequence.
Plan the operations and have withdrawal and assembly equipment, and other special
tools available. This includes any required measuring devices and torque wrenches.

Note: Supplied special tools and equipment may be detailed

Note: If an spare cartridge is avaiable,it can be installed before dismantling the cartrige
and repair it. Overhaul of the cartridge is strongly suggested to be done at works of
manufacturer.

4.3 Examination and Cleanliness

Unless the barrel casing needs renovation, it will remain installed after the pump
cartridge has been removed.
The barrel casing must be protected from ingress of dirt and physical damage during the
maintenance cycle. The cartridge must be removed to a clean work area for
dismantling.

4.4 Balancing Marks

Component parts of the rotating element are match-marked on their peripheries. These
marks must be lined up on assembly with corresponding, similar marks stamped on the
shoulders, at or near the shaft ends to preserve the balance of the pump rotor.

4.5 General Information on Dismantling and Assembly

4.5.1 Dismantling
Check for toxic or otherwise harmful fluids before loosening bolted joints or
pipe connections.

16
Collect and dispose of toxic or otherwise harmful fluids in accordance with
the current environmental regulations to prevent endangering people or the
environment.
- Before starting any maintenance activity, ensure that:
- Electrical power breakers are locked in the OFF position.
- The pump is at ambient temperature.
- Pump system pressure has been isolated.
- The pump is drained and vented (by removing drain plugs or opening
valves as applicable).
- Suction, discharge, and auxiliary piping valves are closed.
- Cap the ends of all disconnected pipework to prevent the entry of dirt.
- During any dismantling procedure, mark all removed parts to enable
replacement in the same position.
- Protect all parts. Place larger parts in a protected area and wrap in cloth or
plastic. Place smaller parts and bolting in bags or boxes, and identify with
labels where components are for re-assembly.
- Protect screwed joints and threads.
- Refer to each dismantling / assembly section for information on specific
requirements for special tools and equipment. Obtain any required items
before starting maintenance activities.

At all stages during dismantling of the pump, it is essential that the pump
CAUTION
cartridge is adequately supported to prevent bending and/or damage to the
component parts.

4.5.2 Assembly
All parts must be absolutely clean and free of oil or dust. Technical grade acetone
is recommended for cleaning machined surfaces immediately before assembly. Air
dry (use filtered, dry air) cleaned parts in a dust-free area. The rust inhibitor on
machined surfaces should be removed with a suitable solvent. Ensure that there is
no paint on locating spigots or recesses.
Handle all parts carefully so that they are not dropped, or damaged in any other
way.
New gaskets, seals and O-ring seals of the same material, type and size as
originally supplied must be used for re-assembly operations. The O-rings must be
fitted carefully to prevent the risk of damage.
Lubricate screwed joints and threads with glycerine or polytetrafluoroethylene.
When applicable, re-assemble small bore pipework using new plugs in unions that
have been disconnected.

17
At all stages during assembly of the pump, it is essential that the pump
CAUTION cartridge is adequately supported to prevent bending and/or damage to the
component parts.

4.6 Pump Cartridge - Removal

Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing, the Cartridge Assembly / Withdrawal


drawing and the Tightening Procedure drawing as applicable in Drawings and
Documents.
Refer to General Information on Dismantling and Assembly.

Pump Drive End


1. Refer to Drive Coupling and remove the coupling spacer and the pump-half
coupling hub.
2. When applicable, remove the securing screws and remove the coupling guard
mounting plate from the DE bearing housing.

Pump Drive End and Non-Drive End

3. Drain the pump and close all valves.


4. Disconnect and remove any instrumentation from the DE and NDE bearing
housings and mechanical / labyrinth seals, and store in a safe place.
5. Drain any remaining oil from DE and NDE bearing housings into a suitable
container.
6. Carefully disconnect and remove any balance pipework and auxiliary pipework
from the DE and NDE bearing housings and mechanical / labyrinth seals. Plug
pipework ends to prevent ingress of dirt.

Pump Drive End


7. Remove the nuts from the studs mounted in the suction casing and passing
through the pump barrel to disconnect the suction casing from the barrel.

Fitting Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment

8. Refer to the Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment drawing, detailed above.


9. At the cartridge DE, remove plugs as appropriate and fit the supplied guide DE
assembly securely to the underside of the DE bearing housing and to the end
of the pump shaft. Tighten the centre bolt into the DE of the pump shaft using a
suitable spanner and firm hand pressure - this pulls the pump shaft to the DE
and holds the cartridge components firmly in place during withdrawal. Fit the
stop to the outboard end of the guide.
10. At the pump casing DE, fit the DE support guide assembly securely to the
casing. Adjust and secure the position of the rollers on the DE support guide
assembly to engage on the underside of the guide DE assembly on both sides
outboard of the raised centre.

Pump Non-Drive End


18
11. Fit a collar eyebolt or eyebolts, as applicable, in place on the top of the delivery
cover.
12. Refer to the Tightening Procedure drawing, detailed above, and remove the
nuts securing the delivery cover to the mounting studs in the barrel casing as
follows:
i. If applicable, remove any protective covers fitted over the delivery cover
mounting studs / nuts.
ii. Number the 16 studs according to the drawing.
iii. Fit the stud tensioners to the nuts at positions 1 and 9, screwing them
manually onto the bolts until the limit stop. Unscrew them half a turn.
Connect the hydraulic harness to the stud tensioners and the pump;
remove any air from the pump hydraulic circuit.
iv. Operate the pump to increase pressure slowly to 1200bar.
v. To avoid excessive pressure on the studs, initially unscrew each nut
through 20 of rotation using a tommy bar.
vi. When the nuts at positions 1 and 9 have been unscrewed by 20, remove
the special tools and repeat steps iii - v for the following pairs of nuts in the
listed sequence:
5 - 13, 3 - 11, 7 - 15, 2 - 10, 6 - 14, 4 - 12, 8 - 16
vii. Repeat steps iii - vi a second time but use 600 bar pressure.
viii. Repeat steps iii - vi a third time but only use sufficient pressure to enable
nuts to be removed. Remove the nuts.
13. Attach a suitable sling to the delivery cover eyebolt(s) and to suitable lifting
equipment. Operate the lifting equipment to tension the sling and just take the
weight of the cartridge.

Withdrawal

At all stages during withdrawal of the cartridge, ensure that the lifting
CAUTION
equipment supports the cartridge and maintains it in a horizontal position.
14. Fit jack screws to the delivery cover. Tighten the jack screws to initially loosen
the cartridge from the barrel casing. When the cartridge becomes free,
supported by the sling at the NDE, and by the DE support guide assembly,
stop the withdrawal and remove the jack screws. Refit any plugs.
15. Refer to the Cartridge Assembly / Withdrawal drawing, detailed above, and to
the illustration below. Withdraw the cartridge slowly and carefully until there is
sufficient access and fit the cartridge support piece assemblies in place to
secure the last stage diffuser to the delivery cover.

Support Piece 19
Assembly Delivery Cover
16. Continue to withdraw the cartridge slowly and carefully, supported by the sling
and the drive end guide, until only approximately 50 mm of the guide DE
remains outboard of the DE support guide assembly.
17. Position suitable packing, or a support stand, directly under the delivery cover
to support the cartridge securely and level. Lower the cartridge onto the
support.
18. Remove the stop from the outboard end of the guide DE assembly.
19. Refer to the Cartridge Assembly / Withdrawal drawing. Fit a further sling
around the cartridge suction casing. Adjust the slings until the cartridge is
supported horizontally. Lift the cartridge NDE clear of the packing or support
and withdraw the cartridge fully from the pump casing.
20. Move the cartridge to a storage area and place it on suitable timber supports.
Remove the lifting equipment, including the eyebolt(s) from the top of the
delivery cover.
21. Remove the guide DE from the cartridge.
22. When applicable, fit a rotor locking device to prevent movement of the rotor.

The cartridge clamping devices and the rotor locking device must remain
CAUTION
fitted to the cartridge whilst the cartridge is in transit.

23. Collect gaskets / seals from the external surface of the cartridge and from the
pump barrel casing.

Pump Drive End and Non-Drive End

24. Cover the ends of the pump barrel to prevent ingress of debris if a replacement
cartridge is not being installed immediately.

4.7 Pump Cartridge - Installation

Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing, the Cartridge Assembly / Withdrawal


drawing and the Tightening Procedure drawing as applicable in Drawings and
Documents.
Refer also to General Information on Dismantling and Assembly.

20
Pump Drive End and Non-Drive End

1. Ensure that the pump casing is clean. Coat casing bores that centre the
cartridge with a suitable lubricant, i.e. Molykote.

Cartridge

2. Ensure that the replacement cartridge is thoroughly clean. Any rust inhibitor on
machined surfaces should be removed with a suitable solvent. Ensure that
there is no paint on locating spigots or recesses.

Before starting the cartridge installation procedure, ensure that new gaskets
CAUTION
/ seals are correctly fitted as appropriate to the external surface of the
cartridge and to the pump barrel casing.

3. Fit new gaskets / seals as applicable to the external surface of the cartridge
and to the pump barrel casing.
4. Ensure that the cartridge support piece assemblies are fitted to secure the last
stage diffuser to the delivery cover whilst the cartridge is removed from the
pump casing.
5. When applicable, remove the transit rotor-locking device.

Fitting Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment

6. Refer to the Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment drawing, detailed above.


7. At the cartridge DE, remove plugs as appropriate and fit the supplied guide DE
assembly securely to the underside of the DE bearing housing and to the end
of the pump shaft. Tighten the centre bolt into the DE of the pump shaft using a
suitable spanner and firm hand pressure - this pulls the pump shaft to the DE
and holds the cartridge components firmly in place during withdrawal.
8. (If not already fitted) At the pump casing DE, fit the DE support guide assembly
securely to the casing. Adjust and secure the position of the rollers on the DE
support guide assembly to project 2 mm beyond the edge of the pump casing
bore.
9. Fit a collar eyebolt or eyebolts, as applicable, in place on the top of the delivery
cover.
10. Attach a suitable sling from the lifting equipment to the delivery cover
eyebolt(s). Fit a second sling from the lifting equipment around the cartridge 1st
stage casing / suction casing. Adjust the slings to support the cartridge
horizontally.

Cartridge Insertion

11. Operate the lifting equipment to tension the sling and take the weight of the
cartridge.
12. Move the cartridge into position at the NDE of the pump casing and align the
cartridge with the bore of the casing. Maintain the cartridge in a horizontal
position.

21
13. Hold the cartridge level and slowly and carefully insert it into the pump casing
until the rollers on the DE support guide assembly at the casing DE engage on
the underside of the guide DE assembly on both sides outboard of the raised
centre. Adjust and secure the position of the rollers as necessary to ensure
even contact with the guide assembly and to support the cartridge level.
Ensure that there is no fouling.
14. Continue to move the cartridge slowly and carefully into the pump casing until
approximately 50 mm of the guide DE assembly projects outboard of the DE
support guide assembly rollers. Fit the stop to the outboard end of the guide
DE.

Ensure that a minimum of 50 mm of the guide DE assembly projects beyond


CAUTION
the centre line of the rollers on the DE support guide assembly, and that the
stop is fitted on the DE support guide assembly, before removing the sling
from the cartridge 1st stage casing / suction casing.

15. Position suitable packing, or a support stand, directly under the delivery cover
to support the cartridge securely and level.
16. Lower the cartridge gently until the delivery cover rests securely on the packing
or support. Remove the sling from the cartridge 1st stage casing / suction
casing.
17. Take the weight of the cartridge with the sling attached to the eyebolt(s) fitted
to the delivery cover. Lift the cartridge clear of the packing or support stand and
into the horizontal position. Remove the packing or support stand.
18. Continue to move the cartridge slowly and carefully into the pump casing until
the cartridge support piece assemblies are close to the pump casing. Remove
the assemblies.

Note: Store the removed cartridge support piece assemblies safely for future use.

19. Continue to move the cartridge slowly and carefully into the pump casing until
the delivery cover engages on the mounting studs in the pump barrel at the
NDE and the studs in the suction casing engage in the holes in the pump barrel
at the DE.

Pump Drive End

20. At the DE, fit the nuts on to the studs in the suction casing and tighten them
evenly to the torque setting detailed in the Longitudinal Section drawing to
secure the cartridge in place.

Pump Non-Drive End

21. At the NDE, fit the nuts on to the mounting studs in the barrel casing. Refer to
the Tightening Procedure drawing, detailed above, and tightern the nuts to
secure the delivery cover to the barrel casing as follows:
i. Screw the nuts onto all of the studs in the pump casing until they almost
touch the delivery cover.

22
ii. Number the 16 studs according to the drawing.
iii. Fit the stud tensioners to the nuts at positions 1 and 9, screwing them
manually onto the bolts until the limit stop. Unscrew them half a turn.
Connect the hydraulic harness to the stud tensioners and the pump;
remove any air from the pump hydraulic circuit.
iv. Operate the pump; slowly increase pressure to 480 bar. Tighten the two
nuts using a tommy-bar.
v. When the nuts at positions 1 and 9 have been tightened, remove the
special tools and repeat steps iii - iv for the nuts at positions 5 and 13 but
pressurise each time to 840 bar.
vi. When the nuts at positions 5 and 13 have been tightened, remove the
special tools and repeat steps iii - iv for the following pairs of nuts in turn in
the listed sequence:
(3 - 11) (7 - 15) (2 - 10) (6 - 14) (4 - 12) (8 - 16)
vii. Repeat steps iii v, but pressurise in each case to 1200 bar.
viii. When all eight pairs of nuts have been tightened using the full pressure of
1200 bar, check the tightness of all nuts by repeating steps iii - iv for each
pair of nuts in turn, using the full pressure of 1200 bar. Carry out the
checks in the following sequence:
(1 - 9) (5 - 13) (3 - 11) (7 - 15) (2 - 10) (6 - 14) (4 - 12) (8 - 16)
ix. If applicable, refit any protective covers over the delivery cover mounting
studs / nuts.

Removal of Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment

22. Refer to the Cartridge Withdrawal Equipment drawing.


23. Remove the guide D E assembly from the DE bearing housing and remove the
DE support guide assembly from the pump casing. Refit plugs as appropriate.
24. Remove the lifting equipment, including the eyebolt(s), from the delivery casing.
Refit plugs as appropriate.

Pump Drive End and Non-Drive End

25. Refit balance pipework and auxiliary pipework to the DE and NDE bearing
housings and mechanical seals as applicable.
26. Refit and reconnect instrumentation to the DE and NDE bearing housings and
mechanical seals as appropriate.
27. Refer to Lubrication and replenish the oil in the bearing housings to the
correct level as required.

Pump Drive End


28. When applicable, refit the coupling guard mounting plate to the DE bearing
housing, fit and tighten the mounting screws to secure the plate in place.
29. Refer to Drive Coupling and refit the pump-half coupling hub and coupling
spacer as required.

23
30. On completion of the pump overhaul, refer to Commissioning and Operation
and re-commission the pump.

4.8 Dismantling the Pump Cartridge

It is suggested that the cartridge could be sent back to the manufacturer for overhaul.

4.8.1 Preparation for Dismantling

1) When the cartridge is lifted by the crane, prepare the suitable lift bracket and
worktable.
2) With the cartridge in the horizontal position in the maintenance area, remove the
lifting bracket from the suction guide and the jacking screws and the eyebolt from the
discharge cover.
3) Check for the tension tool installed between the discharge cover and last diffuser.
Note: During dismantling of the pump cartridge, it is essential that the
cartridge be firmly supported. The initial dismantling is carried out in
the horizontal position, and the final stages with the cartridge
supported vertically. At no time should the weight of the cartridge
be carried by the shaft.

4.8.2 Removing the Drive End Bearing Housing and

Mechanical seal
Remove the drive end bearing housing and mechanical seal as described in Section
3.2.1.1, Step (6)~(13).

4.8.3 Removing the Non-Drive End Bearing Housing and

Mechanical seal
Remove the non-drive end bearing housing and mechanical seal as described in
Section 3.3.3.1, Step (6)~(13).

4.8.4 Dismantling the Pump Internals


1) Locate the rotor by tension tool.
2) Attach lifting gear to the cartridge lifting lug, and raise the cartridge into a vertical
pasition on the assembly support trestle.

Note:When raising the assembly, care must be taken to ensure that at no time is the
weight of the assembly carried by the protruding ends of the pump shaft.

24
3) Remove the tension tool.
4) Attach lifting gear to the discharge cover, take the weight and carefully lift the cover
up and over the end of the shaft.

Note:When removing the discharge cover, ensure that a straight lift is obtained and that
no damage is caused to the balance drum and restriction bush.

5) Refer to Blance drum Installation and Removel, remove the blance drum by the
special tool.
6) Remove the cap screws securing the last stage diffuser to the last stage ring
section. Lift off the diffuser.
7) Apply heat evenly to the hub of the last stage impeller until enough expansion take
place to enable removal of the impeller. Lift the impeller clear of the shaft and mark
it to facilitate assembing. Remove and retain the impeller key and the impeller split
ring.
8) Remove the cap screws securing the fourth stage ring section to the third stage
ring section.remove the fourth stage ring section.

Note: diffuser and ring section is matched by interference.

9) Attach the lifting gear lift off the fourth stage ring section and diffuser.
10) Apply heat evenly to the hub of the fifth impeller until enough expansion take place
to enable removal of the impeller. Lift the impeller clear of the shaft and mark it to
facilitate assembing. Remove and retain the impeller key and the impeller split ring.
11) Repeat the above steps (8) and (10) until only the first stage impeller remains on
the shaft.
12) Screw the shaft lifting lug onto the end of the shaft and carefully raise the pump
shaft through the suction guide and clear of the assembly.
13) Support the shaft in a horizontal position and heat evenly to the hub of first stage
impeller and slide impeller from the shaft. Remove and retain the impeller key.
14) Using suitable lifting gear lift the suction guide from the support frame.

4.9 Inspection, Renewal and Repair Procedures

All components should be thoroughly cleaned and inspected for any signs of wear or
damage.
All diametrical running clearances between components should be measured, using
internal and external micrometers, and compared with the values given in Section 4.4.6.
If the clearance has reached the maximum permissible clearance, or is likely to do so
before the next overhaul, the component should be renewed.
The main consideration, however, is pump performance, i.e. an unacceptable decrease
in pump discharge pressure, a significant increase in motor power consumption or an
increase in vibration to an unacceptable level is noted, the pump should be overhauled.

25
4.9.1 Impellers and Wear Rings
1) Examine the impellers for any signs of erosion, particularly at the blade tips.
Examine the impeller bores and keyways for fretting or any damage which may
have occurred during dismantling, and remove any burrs. Ensure that the impeller
bores are perfectly smooth and free from distortion.
2) Examine the impeller and casing wear rings, and measure the diametrical
clearances between them. If the measured clearance exceeds the maximum
permissible clearance, given in Section 4.9.6 or is likely to do so before the next
examination, the wear rings must be renewed. Proceed as follows:
a) Lightly machine the impeller wear ring diameters to remove any marks and to
restore concentricity with the impeller bore.
b) Machine the worn wear rings from the suction guide and ring sections/diffusers.
c) Ensure that the wear ring location is clean, and then shrink the new wear rings into
place by immersing them in liquid nitrogen for a few minutes.

Note:After removal from the liquid nitrogen, the wear rings must not be handled without
suitable protection.

d) Lock the wear ring in place with the point welding.


e) Machine the bore of the new wear rings to restore concentricity and the new
clearance as shown as shown in Section 4.9.6.

4.9.2 Shaft
Examine the shaft for any signs of damage or bowing, and check for concentricity: it
should be within 0.02 mm full indicator movement.

4.9.3 Mechanical Seals


Examine the seals for signs of damage or wear. Renew as necessary. Refer to the
seal manufacturers instructions.

4.9.4 Journal and Thrust Bearings


1) Thoroughly clean the journal bearings and examine them for signs of wear or
damage.
2) Thoroughly clean the thrust pads and examine them for signs of wear or damage.

Note :normal operating conditions, it is not expected that any measurable wear will take
place on the thrust pads other than a dulling of the white-metal surfaces. It is
recommended that when this dulling has spread to more than half the surface area of
the pads, they should be renewed.

3) Examine the thrust collar for signs of wear or damage, and renew as necessary.

26
4) Examine the oil seals for wear or deterioration and renew as necessary.

4.9.5 General
1) Examine all studs, nuts and bolts for any signs of damage or deterioration. Renew
as necessary.
2) All joints and O rings, anti-extrusion rings and Garlock seals should be renewed
on assembling.
3) Examine the components of the coupling flexible elements assemblies and
coupling bolts for wear or damage and renew as necessary.

4.9.6 Clearances
The table gives the running clearances. Column 1 shows the new clearance, and
Column 2 the clearance at which the component(s) should be renewed.

Clearance between Column 1 Column 2

c. Journal bearing and pump shaft 0.174/0.13

e. Ring section wear rings and impeller 0.542/0.45 0.9

g. Diffuser wear rings and impeller 0.42/0.45 0.9

i. Balance drum and balance drum bush 0.452/0.36 0.72

total axial clearance in thrust bearing 0.6 --

Suction guide and first impeller (axial) 40.5 --

1st stage impeller and 1st diffuser 40.5 --

Ring section and impeller (axial) 50.5 --

Diffuser and impeller (axial) 50.5 --

total axial clearance, thrust pads removed 81 --

4.9.7 Dynamic Balance


If the impeller or half coupling is renewed, it should be noted that though the new
components are balanced individually during manufacture, they may affect the dynamic
balance of the complete assembly. Therefore, rotor must always be dynamic balanced
when renewing or repairing and is strongly suggested to be done at works of
manufacture.

27
4.10 Assembling the Pump Cartridge

All components must be perfectly clean and all bores and oilways must be cleaned
before the pump is assembled.

Note :During assembly, it is recommended that colloidal graphite, or similar, is applied


to the shaft and to the bores of the impellers, sleeves and balance drum, allowed to dry
and the surfaces then polished.

4.10.1 Assembling the Pump Internals


1) Support the shaft on tresles in a horizontal postion, than locate the first stage
impeller key in the keyway in the shaft.
2) Apply heat evenly around the rear hub of the first stage impeller using the ring
burner, than slide the impeller over the shaft and key until it abuts the split ring on
the shaft.

Note :Force should not be used when fitting the impeller. If the impeller fails to butt
against the split ring, remove the impeller and check for any burrs or dirt which may
have been overlooked during inspection. Clean up as necessary, then repeat step (2).
Do not attempt to fit the impeller if the temperature of the shaft is above ambient.

3) Attach the lifting gear and lift the suction guide onto the support trestles ensuring
that it locates correctly on the assembly support plate, then remove the lifting gear.
4) When the shaft/first stage impeller assembly has cooled, screw the lifting lug onto
the non-drive end of the shaft and raise the shaft and impeller into a vertical
position above the suction guide.
5) Carefully lower the assembly into the suction guide until the impeller enters the first
stage impeller eye bush in the suction guide.
6) Remove the lifting gear and the shaft lifting lug.
7) Diffuser and section ring is matched with interference, which assemblied before.
8) Lift the first the section ring and diffuser above the suction guide, ensure the
alignment of the suction guide and diffuser.
9) Before proceeding further, check the total axial travel as follows:-
a) Screw the lifting lug onto the non-drive end of the punp shaft and suitably
sling,
b) Take The weight of the pump shaft and allow the first stage impeller to rest on
the suction guide.
c) Lay a straight edge across the upper face of the first stage ring section, and
lightly mark a line on the shaft.
d) Using the jack, carefully raise the shaft as far as it will go without disturbing the
first stage ring section and, using the same datum as before, mark a second
line on the shaft. Lower the shaft.

28
e) Measure the distance between the lines. The total axial travel is 8mm, and if
this is not achieved, the cause must be identified .
f) Put down the shaft as the first impeller supported on the suction guide,
remove the eyebolt.
10) Locate the second stage impeller split ring in the groove in the shaft and install the
impeller key in the keyway in the shaft.
11) Install the second stage impeller by proceeding as described in Step (2) above.
12) Install the remaining diffusers, ring sections as described in Steps (7), checking
that the total axial travel remains unatered, as described in Step(9).
13) Screw the first and second stage ring sections onto the suction guide, the screw
head couldnt be over the surface of the suction guide.
14) Locate the third stage impeller split ring in the groove in the shaft and install the
impeller key in the keyway in the shaft.
15) Install the third stage impeller by proceeding as described in Step (2) above.
16) Install the third stage diffuser, ring section as described in Steps (7), checking that
the total axial travel remains unatered, as described in Step(9).
17) Screw the third stage ring section onto the second stage ring section, the screw
head couldnt be over the surface of the second stage ring.
18) Install the remaining diffusers, ring sections and impellers as described in Steps
(14) to (17) above, checking that the total axial travel remains unatered, as
described in Step(9).
19) Locate the last stage diffuser onto the last stage ring section and secure it with the
cap screws.
20) Install the balance drum on the shaft and locate the split ring in the groove, refer to
the balance drum Installation and Removal.
21) Install the restriction bush and seal ring in the discharge cover, Locate the
discharge cover after the last stage diffuser carefully.
22) Insert the cartridge support piece assembly between the last stage diffuser and
discharge cover.
23) Fit a eyebolt in place on the top of the delivery cover, then lower the cartridge into a
horizontal position and place it on suitable timber supports.
Note: When lowering the cartridge assembly into the horizontal position, it is
essential to ensure that at no time is the weight of the cartridge carried by the
pump shaft.
Install the shaft seal, refer to the DE Mechanical Seal, NDE Mechanical Seal.
Install the journal and thrust bearings, refer to the NDE Bearing Assembly, Journal
bearing D.E.

29
5 Coupling Installation and Removal

5.1 Installation

Incorrect fitting of the coupling is potentially EXTREMELY DANGEROUS. The


following fitting procedure MUST be followed precisely, and the work MUST
be carried out by experienced and competent maintenance personnel. If in
doubt, please contact Manufacturer for advice.

Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the coupling assembly and
withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM
expansion pressures and EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM expansion
temperatures before starting the fitting procedure for the coupling.

The coupling is fitted by heating the coupling evenly to a specified temperature and
fitting it into position on the shaft. After it has cooled, the coupling hub is
pressurised using the hydraulic pump to relieve interference fit and stresses.
During pressurisation, the assembly / withdrawal equipment is fitted as a safety
device and also to adjust the axial position of the hub.
1. Before fitting the coupling, refer to the details of shaft end in the BFP outline
drawing and compare the coupling dimension with that in the drawing, contact
Manufacturer for advice if having some problem.
2. Ensure that the shaft surface and the bore of the coupling hub are clean and
free from burrs.

Do not exceed the maximum expansion temperature specified on the


CAUTION
supplied arrangement drawing for the coupling assembly and withdrawal
equipment. Avoid localised heating when using a torch burner.

3. Heat the coupling evenly to the expected expansion temperature as specified


on the supplied arrangement drawing for the coupling assembly and
withdrawal equipment. Ideally, a temperature-controlled oven should be used
to heat the coupling. If this equipment is unavailable, a torch burner with rose
bud heating nozzle may be used.
4. Fit the heated coupling squarely into position on the shaft and up to the
shoulder, allow the coupling to cool to ambient temperature.
5. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the coupling hydraulic connections and
fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the coupling hub without having the special tools.
Injury to personnel, or damage to equipment, may result should the hub
release suddenly.

30
6. With the shaft positioned to place the coupling air release plug at the top, fit the
assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as shown on the
supplied arrangement drawing.
7. Connect the hydraulic pump to the coupling expansion connection as shown
on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the coupling assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact Manufacturer if
maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum pressure fails to
achieve the required movement.

8. Open the air release plug in the coupling hub and operate the expansion pump
slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air release
plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to THREE
QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
9. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the coupling hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the coupling hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the coupling hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

10. When the expansion pressure has relieved the interference fit.
11. Leave in this condition for 5 minutes to allow time for the stress relieving
process.
12. Open the non-return valve slowly on the hydraulic pump and allow pressure to
dissipate. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug.
13. Allow 15 minutes for the oil film to decay and then remove the assembly /
withdrawal equipment.
14. Check for the fitted coupling, if it is out for tolerance, repeat step 5~13.

31
5.2 Removal

Incorrect removal of the coupling is potentially EXTREMELY DANGEROUS.


The following removal procedure MUST be followed precisely, and the work
MUST be carried out by experienced and competent maintenance personnel.
If in doubt, please contact Manufacturer for advice.

Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the coupling assembly and
withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM
expansion pressures before starting the removal procedure for the coupling.
The coupling is removed by applying hydraulic pressure to the coupling hub using
the hydraulic pump, and controlling the advance of the hub using the assembly /
withdrawal equipment.
1. Positione the shaft to place the coupling air release plug at the top.
2. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the coupling hydraulic connections and
fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the coupling hub without having the special tools.
Injury to personnel, or damage to equipment, may result should the hub
release suddenly.
3. With the shaft positioned to place the coupling air release plug at the top, fit the
assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as shown on the
supplied arrangement drawing.
4. Connect the hydraulic pump to the coupling expansion connection as shown
on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the coupling assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact Manufacturer if
maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum pressure fails to
achieve the required movement.
5. Open the air release plug in the coupling hub and operate the expansion pump
slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air release
plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to THREE
QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
6. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the coupling hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED

32
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the coupling hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the coupling hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub until pressure is
CAUTION
increased to maximum expansion pressure, inspect the shaft and bore for
any signs of damage after removal of the coupling.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the coupling hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

It is essential that the expansion pressure attained at step 7, below, be


CAUTION
maintained while the coupling is being moved.
7. When oil leaks from both ends of the coupling hub, increase hydraulic pressure
slowly to THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE, or maintain it at the
pressure attained at step 6 if higher, and turn the bearing sleeve on the
assembly / withdrawal equipment slowly clockwise to move the coupling
towards the DE of the shaft.
If the coupling cannot be moved, slowly increase expansion pressure in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE (see
Caution below) until movement is possible.

CAUTION DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE - If pressure required


at step 7, above, reaches maximum expansion pressure and the coupling
cannot be moved, contact Manufacturer for advice - DO NOT increase
pressure.

8. Remove the assembly / withdrawal equipment and remove the coupling.


9. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug from the coupling.

6 NDE Thrust Bearing Plate Installation and

Removal

Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing, and to the appropriate Thrust Bearing
Plate (Thrust Collar) Assembly and Withdrawal Equipment Arrangement drawing in
Drawings and Documents.
Notes:
1. The actual title of the supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing
plate (thrust collar) assembly and withdrawal equipment may vary.

33
2. The non-drive end bearing assembly must be removed before removal or
installation of the non-drive end thrust bearing plate.
3. After removal of the thrust bearing plate, the inboard shaft seal must be
removed from the pump shaft if further dismantling is required. The inboard
shaft seal MUST be refitted BEFORE installation of the thrust bearing plate.

6.1 Removal

Incorrect removal of the thrust bearing plate (thrust collar) is potentially


EXTREMELY DANGEROUS. The following removal procedure MUST be
followed precisely, and the work MUST be carried out by experienced and
competent maintenance personnel. If in doubt, please contact Manufacturer
for advice.

Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing plate
assembly and withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and
MAXIMUM expansion pressures before starting the removal procedure for
the thrust bearing plate.
The thrust bearing plate is removed by applying hydraulic pressure to the plate hub
using the hydraulic pump, and controlling the advance of the hub using the
assembly / withdrawal equipment.
1. Refer to NDE Bearing Assembly; remove the NDE bearing assembly. Before
removing the lower half of the NDE (and DE if applicable) journal bearing,
turn the shaft to position the thrust bearing plate air release plug at the
top.
2. Remove the hex socket screws and split ring / tension ring.
3. Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing plate:
If the split ring can be removed from the shaft, remove the split ring and
follow instructions 12 to 20 below.
If the split ring cannot be removed, follow instruction steps 4 to 20 below.
4. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the thrust bearing plate hydraulic
connections and fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the thrust bearing plate hub without having the
assembly / withdrawal equipment correctly fitted with studs, nuts and screws
(as applicable) securely locked in position. Injury to personnel, or damage to
equipment, may result should the hub release suddenly.
5. With the shaft positioned to place the thrust bearing plate air release plug at
the top, fit the assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as
shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.
6. Connect the hydraulic pump to the thrust bearing plate expansion connection
as shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

34
The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value
that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the thrust bearing plate assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.
7. Open the air release plug in the thrust plate hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
8. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the thrust plate hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub until pressure is
CAUTION
increased to maximum expansion pressure, inspect the shaft and bore for
any signs of damage after removal of the thrust bearing plate.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

It is essential that the expansion pressure attained at step 9, below, be


CAUTION
maintained while the thrust bearing plate is being moved.
9. When oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub, increase hydraulic
pressure slowly to THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE, or maintain it
at the pressure attained at step 8 if higher, and turn the bearing sleeve on the
assembly / withdrawal equipment slowly clockwise to move the thrust bearing
plate towards the DE of the shaft and away from the split ring.
If the plate cannot be moved, slowly increase expansion pressure in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE (see
Caution below) until movement is possible.

CAUTION DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE - If pressure required


at step 9, above, reaches maximum expansion pressure and the plate cannot
be moved, contact Manufacturer for advice - DO NOT increase pressure.

35
10. When the thrust bearing plate is clear of the split ring, open the non-return
valve slowly on the hand pump and allow pressure to dissipate. Remove the
expansion connection and air release plug.
11. Allow 15 minutes for the oil film to decay and then remove the assembly /
withdrawal equipment. Remove the split ring.
12. If not removed at step 4, above, remove the match-weighed plugs from the
thrust bearing plate hydraulic connections and fit the air release plug to one
connection.

Do not attempt to expand the thrust bearing plate hub without having the
assembly / withdrawal equipment correctly fitted with studs, nuts and screws
(as applicable) securely locked in position. Injury to personnel, or damage to
equipment, may result should the hub release suddenly.

13. If not fitted at step 5, above, with the shaft positioned to place the thrust
bearing plate air release plug at the top, fit the assembly / withdrawal
equipment to the end of the shaft as shown on the supplied arrangement
drawing.
14. Connect the hydraulic pump to the thrust bearing plate expansion connection
as shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the thrust bearing plate assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.

15. Open the air release plug in the thrust plate hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
16. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the thrust plate hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub.

36
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub until pressure is
CAUTION
increased to maximum expansion pressure, inspect the shaft and bore for
any signs of damage after removal of the thrust bearing plate.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

It is essential that the expansion pressure attained at step 17, below, be


CAUTION
maintained while the thrust bearing plate is being moved.

17. When oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub, increase hydraulic
pressure slowly to THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE, or maintain it
at the pressure attained at step 16 if higher, and turn the bearing sleeve on the
assembly / withdrawal equipment slowly anti-clockwise to pull the thrust
bearing plate off the shaft towards the NDE.
If the plate cannot be moved, slowly increase expansion pressure in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE (see
Caution below) until movement is possible.

DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE - If pressure required


CAUTION
at step 10, above, reaches maximum expansion pressure and the plate
cannot be moved, contact Manufacturer for advice - DO NOT increase
pressure.

18. Remove the assembly / withdrawal equipment and remove the thrust bearing
plate.
19. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug from the thrust bearing
plate.
20. If further dismantling is planned, slide the inboard shaft seal off the shaft.

6.2 Installation

Incorrect fitting of the thrust bearing plate (thrust collar) is potentially


EXTREMELY DANGEROUS. The following fitting procedure MUST be
followed precisely, and the work MUST be carried out by experienced and
competent maintenance personnel. If in doubt, please contact Manufacturer
for advice.

Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing plate
assembly and withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and
MAXIMUM expansion pressures and EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM
expansion temperatures before starting the fitting procedure for the thrust
bearing plate.

The thrust bearing plate is fitted by heating the plate evenly to a specified
temperature and fitting it into position on the shaft right up to the shoulder. After it
has cooled, the thrust bearing plate hub is pressurised using the hydraulic pump to

37
relieve interference fit and stresses. During pressurisation, the assembly /
withdrawal equipment is fitted as a safety device and also to adjust the axial
position of the hub.
1. Slide the inboard shaft seal onto the shaft and into the approximate fitted
position.
2. Ensure that the shaft surface and the bore of the thrust bearing plate hub are
clean and free from burrs.

Do not exceed the maximum expansion temperature specified on the


CAUTION
supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing plate assembly and
withdrawal equipment. Avoid localised heating when using a torch burner.

3. Heat the thrust bearing plate evenly to the expected expansion temperature as
specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for the thrust bearing plate
assembly and withdrawal equipment. Ideally, a temperature-controlled oven
should be used to heat the plate. If this equipment is unavailable, a torch
burner with rose bud heating nozzle may be used.
4. Fit the heated thrust bearing plate squarely into position on the shaft and up to
the shoulder, aligning any balance / match marks engraved on shaft and plate.
Positioning the plate correctly will leave the split ring groove clear. Allow the
plate to cool to ambient temperature.
5. Fit the split ring into the groove in the shaft.
6. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the thrust bearing plate hydraulic
connections and fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the thrust bearing plate hub without having the
assembly / withdrawal equipment correctly fitted with studs, nuts and screws
(as applicable) securely locked in position. Injury to personnel, or damage to
equipment, may result should the hub release suddenly.

7. With the shaft positioned to place the thrust bearing plate air release plug at
the top, fit the assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as
shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.
8. Connect the hydraulic pump to the thrust bearing plate expansion connection
as shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the thrust bearing plate assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.

38
9. Open the air release plug in the thrust plate hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
10. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the thrust plate hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after maintaining this
pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the thrust plate hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the thrust plate hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

11. When the expansion pressure has relieved the interference fit, slowly turn the
bearing sleeve on the assembly / withdrawal equipment anti-clockwise to pull
the thrust bearing plate towards the NDE until it locates against the split ring.
12. Leave in this condition for 5 minutes to allow time for the stress relieving
process.
13. Open the non-return valve slowly on the hydraulic pump and allow pressure to
dissipate. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug.
14. Allow 15 minutes for the oil film to decay and then remove the assembly /
withdrawal equipment.
15. Refit the two match-weighed blanking plugs in the hydraulic connections in the
thrust bearing plate hub, secured with LOCTITE 222, or equivalent.

7 Balance Drum Installation and Removal

Refer to the Longitudinal Section drawing, and to the appropriate balance drum
Assembly and Withdrawal Equipment Arrangement drawing in Drawings and
Documents.

7.1 Removal

Incorrect removal of the balance drum is potentially EXTREMELY


DANGEROUS. The following removal procedure MUST be followed precisely,
and the work MUST be carried out by experienced and competent
maintenance personnel. If in doubt, please contact Manufacturer for advice.

39
Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the balance drum assembly
and withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM
expansion pressures before starting the removal procedure for the balance
drum.
The balance drum is removed by applying hydraulic pressure to the balance drum
hub using the hydraulic pump, and controlling the advance of the hub using the
assembly / withdrawal equipment.
1. Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the balance drum:
If the split ring cannot be removed, follow instruction steps 4 to 17 below.
2. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the balance drum hydraulic
connections and fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the balance drum hub without having the special
tools. Injury to personnel, or damage to equipment, may result should the
hub release suddenly.
3. With the shaft positioned to place the balance drum air release plug at the top,
fit the assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as shown on the
supplied arrangement drawing.
4. Connect the hydraulic pump to the balance drum expansion connection as
shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the balance drum assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.
5. Open the air release plug in the balance drum hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
6. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the balance drum hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub.

40
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub until pressure is
CAUTION
increased to maximum expansion pressure, inspect the shaft and bore for
any signs of damage after removal of the balance drum.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

It is essential that the expansion pressure attained at step 7, below, be


CAUTION
maintained while the balance drum is being moved.
7. When oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub, increase hydraulic
pressure slowly to THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE, or maintain it
at the pressure attained at step 6 if higher, and turn the bearing sleeve on the
assembly / withdrawal equipment slowly clockwise to move the balance drum
towards the DE of the shaft and away from the split ring.
If the balance drum cannot be moved, slowly increase expansion pressure in
35bar increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE
(see Caution below) until movement is possible.

CAUTION DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE - If pressure required


at step 7, above, reaches maximum expansion pressure and the balance
drum cannot be moved, contact Manufacturer for advice - DO NOT increase
pressure.

8. When the balance drum is clear of the split ring, open the non-return valve
slowly on the hand pump and allow pressure to dissipate. Remove the
expansion connection and air release plug.
9. Allow 15 minutes for the oil film to decay and then remove the assembly /
withdrawal equipment. Remove the split ring.
10. If not removed at step 4, above, remove the match-weighed plugs from the
balance drum hydraulic connections and fit the air release plug to one
connection.

Do not attempt to expand the balance drum hub without having the special
tools. Injury to personnel, or damage to equipment, may result should the
hub release suddenly.

11. If not fitted at step 5, above, with the shaft positioned to place the balance
drum air release plug at the top, fit the assembly / withdrawal equipment to the
end of the shaft as shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.
12. Connect the hydraulic pump to the balance drum expansion connection as
shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for

41
the balance drum assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.

13. Open the air release plug in the balance drum hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
14. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the balance drum hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub until pressure is
CAUTION
increased to maximum expansion pressure, inspect the shaft and bore for
any signs of damage after removal of the balance drum.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

It is essential that the expansion pressure attained at step 15, below, be


CAUTION
maintained while the balance drum is being moved.

15. When oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub, increase hydraulic
pressure slowly to THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE, or maintain it
at the pressure attained at step 14 if higher, and turn the bearing sleeve on the
assembly / withdrawal equipment slowly anti-clockwise to pull the balance
drum off the shaft towards the NDE.
If the balance drum cannot be moved, slowly increase expansion pressure in
35bar increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE
(see Caution below) until movement is possible.

DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE - If pressure required


CAUTION
at step 8, above, reaches maximum expansion pressure and the balance
drum cannot be moved, contact Manufacturer for advice - DO NOT increase
pressure.

16. Remove the assembly / withdrawal equipment and remove the balance drum.
17. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug from the balance drum.

42
7.2 Installation

Incorrect fitting of the balance drum is potentially EXTREMELY DANGEROUS.


The following fitting procedure MUST be followed precisely, and the work
MUST be carried out by experienced and competent maintenance personnel.
If in doubt, please contact Manufacturer for advice.

Refer to the supplied arrangement drawing for the balance drum assembly
and withdrawal equipment for specific EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM
expansion pressures and EXPECTED (DESIGN) and MAXIMUM expansion
temperatures before starting the fitting procedure for the balance drum.

The balance drum is fitted by heating the balance drum evenly to a specified
temperature and fitting it into position on the shaft right up to the shoulder. After it
has cooled, the balance drum hub is pressurised using the hydraulic pump to
relieve interference fit and stresses. During pressurisation, the assembly /
withdrawal equipment is fitted as a safety device and also to adjust the axial
position of the hub.
1. Ensure that the shaft surface and the bore of the balance drum hub are clean
and free from burrs.

Do not exceed the maximum expansion temperature specified on the


CAUTION
supplied arrangement drawing for the balance drum assembly and
withdrawal equipment. Avoid localised heating when using a torch burner.

2. Heat the balance drum evenly to the expected expansion temperature as


specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for the balance drum assembly
and withdrawal equipment. Ideally, a temperature-controlled oven should be
used to heat the balance drum. If this equipment is unavailable, a torch burner
with rose bud heating nozzle may be used.
3. Fit the heated balance drum squarely into position on the shaft and up to the
shoulder, aligning any balance / match marks engraved on shaft and balance
drum. Positioning the balance drum correctly will leave the split ring groove
clear. Allow the balance drum to cool to ambient temperature.
4. Fit the split ring into the groove in the shaft.
5. Remove the match-weighed plugs from the balance drum hydraulic
connections and fit the air release plug to one connection.

Do not attempt to expand the balance drum hub without having the assembly
/ withdrawal equipment correctly fitted with studs, nuts and screws (as
applicable) securely locked in position. Injury to personnel, or damage to
equipment, may result should the hub release suddenly.

6. With the shaft positioned to place the balance drum air release plug at the top,
fit the assembly / withdrawal equipment to the end of the shaft as shown on the
supplied arrangement drawing.

43
7. Connect the hydraulic pump to the balance drum expansion connection as
shown on the supplied arrangement drawing.

Always apply hydraulic pressure SLOWLY.

The specified EXPECTED (DESIGN) expansion pressure is a calculated value


that should be sufficient to enable the required movement. However, if the
required movement is not achieved, pressure CAN be increased as
necessary UP TO the specified MAXIMUM value. DO NOT EXCEED the
maximum pressure limit specified on the supplied arrangement drawing for
the balance drum assembly and withdrawal equipment. Contact
Manufacturer if maximum pressure is exceeded, or if use of the maximum
pressure fails to achieve the required movement.

8. Open the air release plug in the balance drum hub and operate the expansion
pump slowly to fill the hub. When air-free oil flow is obtained through the air
release plug, close the air release plug. Increase expansion pressure to
THREE QUARTERS OF THE EXPECTED EXPANSION PRESSURE.
9. Maintain this pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub to
indicate that oil has penetrated between the collar and shaft.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly to EXPECTED
EXPANSION PRESSURE and maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends
of the balance drum hub.
If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after maintaining
this pressure for 30 minutes, increase hydraulic pressure slowly in 35bar
increments as necessary up to MAXIMUM EXPANSION PRESSURE and
maintain pressure until oil leaks from both ends of the balance drum hub.

If oil does not leak from both ends of the balance drum hub after increasing
CAUTION
pressure to maximum expansion pressure, contact Manufacturer for advice.

10. When the expansion pressure has relieved the interference fit, slowly turn the
bearing sleeve on the assembly / withdrawal equipment anti-clockwise to pull
the balance drum towards the NDE until it locates against the split ring.
11. Leave in this condition for 5 minutes to allow time for the stress relieving
process.
12. Open the non-return valve slowly on the hydraulic pump and allow pressure to
dissipate. Remove the expansion connection and air release plug.
13. Allow 15 minutes for the oil film to decay and then remove the assembly /
withdrawal equipment.
14. Refit the two match-weighed blanking plugs in the hydraulic connections in the
balance drum hub, secured with equivalent.

44

1 ................................................................................................................... 48
1.1 ........................................................................................................... 48
1.2 ....................................................................................... 48
1.3 ............................................................................................... 50
1.4 ....................................................................................................... 50
2 ........................................................................................................... 50
2.1 ........................................................................................................... 50
2.2 ....................................................................................................... 50
2.3 ....................................................................................................... 51
3 ........................................................................................................... 52
3.1 ........................................................................................... 52
3.2 ........................................................................................................... 52
3.3 ........................................................................................................... 56
4 ................................................................................................................... 60
4.1 ................................................................................................................... 60
4.2 ................................................................................................................... 60
4.3 ....................................................................................................... 60
4.4 ........................................................................................................... 60
4.5 ................................................................................... 60
4.6 ................................................................................................. 61
4.7 ..................................................................................................... 63
4.8 ....................................................................................................... 66
4.9 ........................................................................... 67
4.10 ........................................................................................................... 68
5 ........................................................................................... 70
5.1 ................................................................................................................... 70
5.2 ................................................................................................................... 71
6 ....................................................................................... 73
6.1 ................................................................................................................... 73
6.2 ................................................................................................................... 75
7 ....................................................................................... 78
7.1 ................................................................................................................... 78
7.2 ................................................................................................................... 80

45

2
2008.06

1.1
1.1.1

1.1.2

1.2

-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-

48

2
2008.06

-
- /

-

/ /

-


-
-

- O O

-
-
-

49

2
2008.06

1.3

1.4

2.1
(kg)
() 6385
3360
365
919
() 75.5
() 32.8
() 33.5
() 76.5
425.5
95
91
91
91
191
19
() 18
() 36.5
65
28.9

2.2

478/46614.41
492/4807.06
564/55017.11
604/5908.9

50

2
2008.06

280/269.65.11
F275 O 456.06/5.33
F275 O 266.077/5.33
F275 O 117.07/3.53
() F275 O 202.57/5.33
O 158.l2/5.33
F275 O 278.77/5.33

2.3
N32

51

2
2008.06

3.1

(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)

3.2

3.2.1

3.2.1.1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)

(7)
(8)

(9)

(10) 0.1
mm
(11)


(12)

52

2
2008.06


(13) .

3.2.1.2

3.2.1.3

(1)
(2)


(3)

(4)
(5) 0.1 mm
(6)
(7)
(8) RTV

(9)


(10)


(11)

53

2
2008.06


(12)
(13)

(14)

(15)
3.2.2

3.2.2.1

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

(6) O
(7)

(8)
(9)

(10)

(11) (
0.1mm
(12)
(13)


(14)

3.2.2.2

54

2
2008.06



0.01 mm





3.2.2.3

(1)


(2)

(3)
(4) (0.1 mm)

55

2
2008.06

(5)
(6)
(7)

(8) RTV

(9)


(10)


(11)

(12)

(13) O

(14)

(15)

(16) --
(17)

3.3
3.3.1


3.3.2

3.3.2.1

56

2
2008.06

(1)
(2)

(3)

(4)

(a) ()

(b) /

(c)
(5)

(6)

3.3.2.2

/
/

(1)

(2)

(3) O

(4)

(5) 3.3.2.1
(a)
(b) /
(c) /
-

57

2
2008.06


(6)
3.3.3

3.3.3.1
(1)
(2)

(3)

(4)

(a) ()

(b) /
(c)
(5)

(6)

3.3.3.2

/
/

(1)

58

2
2008.06

(2)

(3) O

(4)

(5) 3.3.3.1
(a)
(b) /
(c) /


(6)

59

2
2008.06

4.1

4.2

4.3


4.4

4.5
4.5.1

-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-

60

2
2008.06


- .
- /

4.5.2




O O


4.6
/

(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)

(5)
(6)

(7)

(8)

61

2
2008.06

(9)


(10)

(11)
(12)
i. /
ii. 16
iii. 1 9


iv. 1200 bar
v. 20
vi. 1 9 20

iii - v
5 - 13, 3 - 11, 7 - 15, 2 - 10, 6 - 14, 4 - 12, 8 - 16
vii. 600 bar iii - vi
viii. iii - vi

(13)

(14)

(15) /

62

2
2008.06

-
(16)
50 mm
(17)
(18)
(19) /

(20)

(21)
(22)

(23) /

(24)

4.7
/

(1) Molykote

(2)

63

2
2008.06

(3) /
(4)
(5)

(6)
(7)


(8)
2 mm
(9)
(10)

(11)
(12)
(13)


(14) 50 mm

/ 50
mm

(15)
(16)
(17)

(18)

(19)

64

2
2008.06

(20)

(21)

i.

ii. 16

iii. 1 9

iv. 480 bar

v. 1 9 5 13
iii iv840 bar

vi. 5 13 iii - iv
(3 - 11) (7 - 15) (2 - 10) (6 - 14) (4 - 12) (8 - 16)
vii. iii - v 1200 bar

viii. 1200 bar 1200 bar


iii - iv
(1 - 9) (5 - 13) (3 - 11) (7 - 15) (2 - 10) (6 - 14) (4 - 12) (8 - 16)
ix. /

(22)
(23)

(24)

(25)
(26)
(27)

(28)

65

2
2008.06

(29)
(30)

4.8

4.8.1
(1)
(2)
(3)

4.8.2
3.2.1.1 (6)(13)3.3.2.1
4.8.3
3.2.2.1 (6)(16)3.3.3,1
4.8.4
(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)

(5) -
(6)
(7)

(8)

(9)
(10)

(11) (8)(10)
(12)
(13)

66

2
2008.06

(14)

4.9

4.4.6

4.9.1
(1)

(2) 4.9.6

4.9.6
4.9.2
0.02mm
4.9.3

4.9.4
(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)
4.9.5
(1)
(2) O
(3)
4.9.6

67

2
2008.06


0.174/0.13

0.542/0.45 0.9
0.42/0.45 0.9
0.452/0.36 0.72

() 0.6 --
() 4.00.5 --

4.00.5 --

() 5.00.5 --

() 5.00.5 --
( 81 --
)

4.9.7

4.10

4.10.1
(1)
(2)

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)

68

2
2008.06

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e) 8mm
(f)
(10)
(11) (2)
(12) (7) (9)
(13)
(14)
(15) (2)
(16) (7) (9)
(17)
(18) (14)(17)(9)
(19)
(20) -
(21)
(22)
(23)

(24) -
(25) -

69

2
2008.06

5.1


()()



(1)

(2)

(3)

(4) .
(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)
70

2
2008.06

30

30

(10)
(11) 5
(12)
(13) 15 /
(14) 5~13

5.2

/

(1)
(2)

(3) /

(4)

71

2
2008.06

(5)

(6)
30


30 35bar

SPEM

(7) 6
() /

35bar

- 7

(8) /
(9)

72

2
2008.06

6
/

(1). /

(2).

(3).

6.1

/

(1)

(2)
(3)
12 20
4 20
(4)

(5) /

(6)

73

2
2008.06

(7)

(8)
30

30 35bar

(9) 8
() /

35bar

- 9
SPEM

(10)

(11) 15 /
(12) 4

(13) 5
/
(14)

74

2
2008.06



/
SPEM

(15)

(16)
30

30 35bar

SPEM

17

(17) 16
() /

35bar

- 10

(18) / .
(19)
(20) Inpro /

6.2

75

2
2008.06



/
(1)
(2)

(3) /

(4)
.
(5)
(6)

(7) /

(8)



/
SPEM

(9)

(10)
30

30 35bar

(11) /

76

2
2008.06

(12) 5
(13)
(14) 15 /
(15) LOCTITE 222

77

2
2008.06

7
/

7.1


()

/

(1)
4 17
(2)

(3) /

(4)

()

/

(5)

(6)
30

30 35bar

78

2
2008.06

(7) 6 (
) /

35bar

- 7
SPEM

(8)

(9) 15 /
(10) 4

(11) 5
/
(12)

()

/
SPEM

(13)

(14)
30

30 35bar

79

2
2008.06

SPEM

15

(15)
14 (
) /

35bar

- 8

(16) / .
(17)

7.2



/
(1)

(2) /

(3)
.
(4)
(5)

80

2
2008.06

(6) /

(7)

()

/
SPEM

(8)

(9)
30

30 35bar

(10) /

(11) 5
(12)
(13) 15 /
(14)

81