You are on page 1of 36

Healthy Telecom by Green Solutions

A Friendly Approach

Fabio Di Marco
ZTE Italy
June 5, 2010
Contents

Green Challenges of the Telecom world


z ZTE Overall Green Solution
z ZTE Green Supply and Industry Chain
z ZTE Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
z ZTE Green Success Stories
Challenges to the Earth

Source: EIA, 2008

CO2 emission is increased by 2.1% per year, and totally 51% by 2030. Global mean
temperature has increased by 0.74 . Every year 26 million hectares of forest
disappear.
By 2008, a rise of sea level has been be up to 20 cm, with 100 cm more within this
century.
Green Challenges to the Telecom Market

SocialResponsibility Regulation

Public ask for green The governments introduce


business operation energy-consuming punitive
Governments commitment rules to limit the energy
to energy efficiency consumption, such as:
energy-saving pressure on differential pricing actually
telecom operators increases the energy prices.

Expansion&Evolution
The subscriber base
increasing in emerging
OperatingCosts markets and the broad
bandwidth requirement in
With the growth of energy mature markets bring the
consumption and CO2 expansion of the network,
emissions, energy prices resulting more energy
weight up, putting the consumption, bringing long-
operators in cost pressure. term financial pressure to
operators.
ZTE Green Vision

Hands with our customers. Create a Green


Eco-System for the whole community. ZTE GREEN

- Mr. Hou, ZTE Chairman

To To To
Environment Society
Customer
z Prevent damage z Offer green z Promote green
to the product, course inside
environment, solution and society, behave
z Reduce carbon service to as an active role
footprint and customer to intensify green
take efforts for concept
eco-system
ZTEs Green Strategy

Healthy Eco-system

Technology Production Industry Culture


Solution Supply Chain Management

Green technology Green production Upper chain Green culture


System architecture Saving of electricity Green alliance Company culture
Low power-con and water establishment broadcasting
hardware design Paper replace wood Active participation of E-office (paperless),
Power saving Process optimization standard organization FOL, E-Trip
software design Cooperation with Green spirit effect
Green supply
New energy research university CSR
Auto logistic center
Green solution Reusable package Green management
SDR platform Lower chain
Direct delivery Green management
BBU+RRU solution Green engineering B2B channel system construction
Access network Infrastructure reuse Supplier certification Green action plan
evolution committee
Soft swap/integration
Energy solution ISO14000, 5S strategy
Network optimization

Customer Oriented, Win-Win


Contents

z Green Challenges of the Telecom


ZTE Overall Green Solution
z ZTE Green Supply and Industry Chain
z ZTE Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
z ZTE Green Success Stories
ZTEs Concept about Green Telecom

Energy
Efficient Green
Access
Save Materials

Less Space Green Green


Architecture ZTE GREEN Core

Non-Toxic Materials

Recyclable (WEEE complaint) Green


Power
Power Consumption Analysis of the Network
Access Network Aggregation Network Core Network

BTS
Heat!!
Heat!!

Node B

Heat!!
For mobile network, the access network consumes
~73% of the power
For fixed-line Network, the access network consumes
Data Center
~50% of the power
The data center & core network consume almost 21%
of the power
Green Green Green Green
Green Flat All-IP Network Arch. Access Core Power

Transfer from different separated networks to unique All-IP network


Increase capacity with decreased per bit power consumption

IP / MPLS/ATM IP / MPLS
Core Core Network over WDM

PE/BAS PE/BAS BMSG BMSG

Aggregation MSTP
Aggregation Ethernet Network Carrier Ethernet/PTN
RPR

Access xDSL PON LAN RAN WLAN xDSL FTTX Wireless

Today Future
Green Green Green Green
Green Shared Virtual Network Arch. Access Core Power

Wireless Shared Network Arch.


Multi-ISP Application

Services
GW- GW-
ISP1 ISP2
Virtual Core network

Wholesale services CN1 CN2


Up to 25% of RAN cost savings benefits
Virtual Router
ISP1 ISP n Virtual
RNC/BSC
HSI Backhaul IPTV Biz
RNC1 RNC2
L2/3 Open Access Up to 20% of RAN cost savings benefits
Virtual OLT
3 backhaul

2 Business

1Residential

Virtual OLT
Mobile

Single Site to
Single RAN Separate Frequency
Wholesale bandwidth to
ISPs Shared NB
ID 1 ID 2
f1
L1 Open Access f2
Wholesale ducts, wire
lines& fiber
Green Green Green Green
Green Access - SDR Based Network Arch. Access Core Power

GSM/CDMA GSM/CDMA
Network BTS
IP/SDH
Backhaul
BSC
2G OAM
UMTS
Network
IP/SDH
Backhaul
3G OAM RNC UMTS Node B

LTE
NetNumen BSC/RNC RRU UMTS RRU
Uni-OAM co-exist GSM RRU
Green Shared BBU
Uni-RAN IP/SDH
Backhaul WiMAX RRU
CDMA RRU
Fiber

Avoids equipment resource waste, saves the power and civil work
Decrease the number of equipments and sites, smooth evolution, hardware reuse
Green Green Green Green
Green RAN - Less Power, Less Space Arch. Access Core Power

ZTE Distributed
BTS=
RRU (nature
cooling) +

BBU

2330W
Traditional
Outdoor BTS

} Upto70%
Saving
Less than 600W

Less than 480W


Traditional
Indoor BTS Others ZTE ZTE
UMTS, S333, UMTS, S111,
20W/C 40W/C
Green Green Green Green
Arch. Access Core Power
Zero Footprint Solution

RRU RRU
GPS

New Green Micro-BTS


9 Based on MCPA
technology
9 Peak power consumption
less than 150W
BBU pooling 9 Lower volume
9 Lighter weight
BBU Group Network Infrastructure 9 Easy deployment
9 Based on distributed BTS, breaking the traditional way of 9 Power supplied with
building networks renewable solar power &
9 RRUs distributed deployed near by tower, role with batteries, zero diesel
outdoor scenario, not need sites room engine
9 BBUs centrally deployed, only one site room and air 9 Suit for rural region
conditioner without grid network
Green Green Green Green
Soft Power Management Arch. Access Core Power

Traffic Assignment Timeslots Turn Off

Busy Idle

Intelligent BP
S666 S222/S444

Save 37.5% BBU power consumption


TRX Turn Off Dynamic PA Control

T
r
a
TRX TRX On
f
f Off ON Threshold
i
c
OFF Threshold

26% power saving D-PT reduces power consumption further 12%


Full Optical Access Network Green Green Green Green
Arch. Access Core Power

Compare with Copper


Aggregation Access access, the Full Optical
FTTC
access network power
saving up to 90%
GE xDSL
ONU
FTTB
splitter
Bandwidth
40G/20G
GPON/EPON/ MDU
VDSL/FE
Per Slot
STM-1/E1 XG PON/10GEPON FTTH
Residential
Packet Transport
MSTP/SDH/DWDM GE/ Switching
Hybrid PON 800G/400
Matrix
10GE 20KM splitter
OLT C300 FTTH G

40KM
WDM PON Maximum
20KM 8*10GE
Uplink
Business
Reach Extender
GE/FE(P2P) BBU+RRU
Type B and
Reliability Type C
XPON (Mobile backhaul)
eNodeB protection
splitter
Pico cell / Femto cell
Capability 128*8*16
=16384
10GEPON
Migration
available
Smooth Migration Paths Green Green Green Green
to Next Gen PON Arch. Access Core Power

LESS SITE POWER SAVING


Flexible Platform Green Technology
z Common Chassis & backplane z Lower power consumption with newest
NG PON Readiness design & innovative features
z Lower upgrade costs: only 1 new module is Optimized OAM
needed z Unified Operation & Maintenance for
Higher density different xPON technologies
z 8 GPON ports per modules

Next Gen PON Over 37% savings after 4 years


45 000 000
Only 1 new module is needed
40 000 000

35 000 000
- 37%
30 000 000
With
GPON/ P2P GPON/ P2P 25 000 000 traditional
EPON FE/GE EPON FE/GE
20 000 000
platform

15 000 000
With Unified
10 000 000
Platform
5 000 000

Step 1: GPON Step 2: upgrade to 0


configuration Next Gen PON 2009 2010 2011 2012

Reusing the hardware resource and avoids equipment


waste , saving the power and civil work
Green Green Green Green
Green Broadband Access Arch. Access Core Power

Power consumption

40% less Radiator closer to


board and chipset

65nm chipset

2009 2009
FPGA OLT ZAX10 C300
Innovative PCB design increases air
Self-developed Chipsets: 40% intake and cooling efficiency
power consumption saving
Green CO & Green Cabinet

Power consumption
18 W
/port 2.36 W
41% less /port 42% less

10. 5 W 1.36 W
Switch off or suspend inactive ports, /port /port
modules and boards
2009 2009 2009 2009
OLT EC ZTE ONT EC ZTE
Code of Conduct ZAX10 C300 Code of Conduct ZXDSL 9806H
Green Green Green Green
Green Platform Solution Arch. Access Core Power

Compatible Consumption

Power Consumption: 400W per


1M BHCA
Higher Integration
Higher Capacity
ns
tio
ica e Enhanced ATCA technologies
un ctur
m e
om chit Several network elements run over one board
le c r
Te ng A
ed ti Lower TCO
a nc pu
h o m
En C

59% 59% 50% 37%

Tradition
ZTE

Central Time O&M Power


Offices
CMPAK Project Data
ZTE NGDC-Cloud Computer Solution Green Green Green Green
Arch. Access Core Power

Traditional IDC Node Optimization IDC Data Center IDC

Thermal optimization
Single device Multi-HD storage Higher density: 1U products up
to provide rich server+ network to six integrated mini-ATX
functionality resource + motherboard; drawer-type hard
Reliability calculation server disk JBOD so.
Integrated CPU / Lower power consumption:
memory / hard disk / rack direct 12V power supply and
IO capacity remove a single product supply;
cabinet cooling to remove a
single product cooling with fun
Container IDC
Green Green Green Green
Intelligent Temperature Control System Arch. Access Core Power

AC Input Air Conditioner Hot Air Outlet


Automatic
Environment Control System
temp. Sensor

T
80% 70%
Room Saving Saving
temp. Sensor T

1200 ZTE ACS have been used at China


Cool Air Intake Unicom, saving 50 million Euro per year

The
Theventilation
ventilationsystem
systemcan
canreplace
replaceair-conditioner
air-conditioner80%
80%time
timeper
peryear
year,via
,viaincreased
increasedmax-
max-
operating
operatingtemperature
temperatureupupto
to35
35degrees.
degrees.
Power
Power can be saved 70% comparedwith
can be saved 70% compared withtraditional
traditionalone
onedeployed
deployedinincore
coredata
datacenter.
center.
Green Green Green Green
Hybrid Supply Green Power Arch. Access Core Power

Solar Panel
DC Load

Wind Turbine System Controller Battery

Hybrid Power Two Key Factors


China Unicom, Dameisha, Shenzhen z Daily solar radiation average value is at least 4
kwh/m/day , wind speed is 3.5m/s all the year
Working Description z Flexible combination of wind and solar energy
according to the site environment ,and the maximum
z In the daytime the solar panel and wind
wind power supply ratio is no more than 50%
turbine will together provide power for the
equipment Hybrid Power Application Advantages
z In the nighttime the power supply will z No longer rely on diesel generator , purely green
alternate to wind turbine and battery bank power solution
z Battery bank will provide power in case of z Almost maintenance free, saving daily OPEX
z Unattended site, remote monitoring support
windless or sunless days
Green Green Green Green
Breathing-Style Power Management Arch. Access Core Power

The best efficiency range for telecom 100%

power supply system is 50% ~ 85%.


90%
The rectifier modules can be turned
on and off automatically according to 80%
the magnitude of output circuit and
the number of working modules, and 70%
finally meet with the load rate of

Efficiency
50%~85%. About 10% improvement
Load rate
10 11 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
t # #

10 11
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
t+T # #

10 11
From 2008~2010, more than 30,000 sets
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
# #
t+2T
of the ZTE Breathing-Style Power
10 11
t+3T
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
# # Management have commercial deployed
t+4T
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
10 11 all over the world
# #
The peak power saving rate is 9.1%
10 11
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
t+5T # #
The return on invest of this system can
10 11
t+6T
1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# 7# 8# 9#
# # be achieved within a year.
OFF ON

ZTE
ZTEpower
powersupply
supplyproducts
productswon
won China
ChinaGreen
GreenCommunication
CommunicationEnergy-Saving
Energy-SavingPioneer
Pioneer
Prize
Prizeof
of2008
2008and
andChina
ChinaGreen
GreenCommunication
CommunicationTechnology
TechnologyInnovation
InnovationPrize
Prize of
of2008.
2008.
Contents

z Green Challenges of the Telecom


z ZTE Overall Green Solution
ZTE Green Supply and Industry Chain
z ZTE Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
z ZTE Green Success Stories
Green Products Life Cycle

ISO 14004
Best Eliminate z environmental management systems - general guidelines
Eliminate on principles, systems and support techniques
ISO 14001
z Environmental management system - requirements with
guide for use
Reduce OHSAS18000
Reduce z Occupational health and safety management system.

Re-use
Re-use

Recycle
Recycle

Follow Scientific Procedure


Worst Disposal
Disposal Integrated classification standard
RoHS, WEEE compliant
Waste Hierarchy High efficient recycling support system.
Green Logistics Construction

Green Packaging Green Warehouse

Follow up 4R2I1D principle: Reasonable site selecting


Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refill + Reasonable layout design
Integrated, Intelligent + degradable Environment impact evaluation

Green Transportation

Quick loading with standard dimension


Intensive transportation layout
Avoiding second-time moving
Green Deployment Scenario

Case 1: Diet Shelter

z Integrated with power, monitor and


ATS in one cabinet
z Respective temperature control for
BS8800
cabinet, low energy consumption
z Less footprint, easy extension
19 inch rack

Battery Cabinet
Diet Shelter

Case 2: Integrate air conditioner with ventilation system Case 3: Ground buried battery cabinet

Mechanical Cooling Free Cooling


Putting Green Requirements to ZTE's Suppliers

11 Review of environmental protection


Suppliers should pass a strict review before becoming
ZTE requires suppliers raising
a ZTE supplier, and the requirements of environmental
social responsibilityensuring
protection are an important part of the review.
to provide employee with good
working condition and Standardize the 22
treatment . Green
Green monitoring procedures
Supplier
Supplier
Raise social ZTE adopts strict procedure of
44 responsibility supervision, management of
suppliers, to ensure that products
ZTE requires suppliers to self audit in order to can meet environmental
meet "ZTE suppliers undertaking green". protection requirements.

Require self audit 33


Contents

z Green Challenges of the Telecom


z ZTE Overall Green Solution
z ZTE Green Supply and Industry Chain
ZTE Culture and Corporate Social
Responsibility
z ZTE Green Success Stories
ZTE Green Culture Action
Energy saving
Product Energy
ZTE products energy-saving expert team
Saving
ZTE products energy-saving design and assessment system
ZTE actively participate in energy-saving standard writing
ZTE Green Hazardous substance management
LCA Culture ZTE product hazardous substance management team
Handset division and logistics system implemented
Hazardous Complying with international regulation and client requirement
Substance Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Management Establish ZTE product LCA database
Achieve continual improvement

Strict selection Eco-friendly design No waste emission Harmless materials Green products Recycling

R&D
Supplier Production Package Delivery Operation Maintenance

March 09th, 2009, ZTE officially joined the UNGC (United Nation Global
Compact) organization
z ZTE will settle the global compact as well as its ten principles deep into the
enterprise operation and culture aiming to build up world-level enterprise sample.
M2M Construction Benefit to Lower CO2e -- ZTE CSR Action

Source: Smart2020 Report

Client Internet ZTEM2M


Application Application

Intelligent Green Environment


Traffic Agriculture Monitoring
ZTEM2MService
Platform
Satellite 2G/3G/LTE
Smart Industry Smart
ZWave,Bluetooth, CellularBased Grid Surveillance House
ZigBee 6LoWPAN M2MDevices
WiFi,RFID
Contents

z Green Challenges of the Telecom


z ZTE Overall Green Solution
z ZTE Green Supply and Industry Chain
z ZTE Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
ZTE Green Success Stories
Green Energy Application Stories

Green Power Solution for CMPAK in Pakistan Green Power Solution for ETC in Ethiopia

Energy Power for Compact Pico GSM in Indonesia Solar System Application for BTS in Afghanistan
Green Award Granted to ZTE

Green Communication Product


Annual Award

From 2008, 2009, 2010, ZTE continues to


win the annual award of Green
Communication Product Prize; at 2010, we
also won the Green Solution Prize,
organized by China Mobile, China Unicom ,
China Telecom and the media
Communication Weekly.
Green Engineering -- Hong Kong CSL SDR Project
39% Power Saving
ALL MODES Power-efficient BBU+RRU SDR
solution
HYBRID Building green telecom room with
EVOLVABLE SDR smart temperature-control technique
7187 tons of CO2 emission reduction
per year
Low TCO SDR Solution
GSM WCDMA LTE
Green Rollout
Conventional BS 0 BS site acquisition with simplified
Total Cost

BBU+RRU architecture
ZTE SDR BS
0 antenna site acquisition by using
one multi-band antenna replacing
three legacy ones (900MHz, 1800MHz,
2.1GHz)
2G/3G all-IP transmission network
The advanced SDR-based solution ZTE proposed consolidation greatly reduced the
will definitely help CSL & NWM to construct the first network complexity as well as the cost
full IP HSPA+ network, so as to solve many
Green Evolution
current problems effectively, such as co-existence
No hardware change to support UMTS
of multi-networks, overlapped investment. Thus
900MHz
TCO will be reduced greatly. LTE evolution support with minimal
--- CSL CEO Tarek Robbiati hardware change to add LTE
processing board