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Reg. No.

Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

## Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 marks

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Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

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1. Dene open-loop and closed-loop control systems.

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2. What i s meant by block diagram of a control system? What ar e the basic com-

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ponents of a block diagram?

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3. The damping ratio and natural frequency of oscillation of a second order system i s

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0.5 and 8 rad/sec respectively. Calculate resonant peak and resonant frequency.

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4. With reference to time response of a control system, dene Rise time.

Y (s)
U (s)
= 3
4s + 6
s + 3s2 + 8s + 6
.

## 10. What is alias in sampling process?

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Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) (i) Consider the mechanical system shown below. Identify the variables and
write the dierential equation. (6)

(ii) Draw the torque-voltage electrical analogous circuit for the following me-
chanical system shown . (4)

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(iii) Obtain the transfer function of the following electrical network. (6)

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w OR

11. (b) (i) For the signal ow graph shown below, nd C(s)/R(s) by using Masons
gain formula. (10)

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C(S)
(ii) Find the transfer function of block diagram shown below. (6)
R(S)

12. (a) (i) Derive an expression to nd steady state error of a closed loop control
system. (6)
(ii) The closed loop transfer function of a second order system is given by
100
T(s) = 2 . Determine the damping ratio, natural frequency
s + 10s + 100
of oscillations, rise time, settling time and peak overshoot. (10)
OR
12. (b) Consider a unity feedback system with open-loop transfer function, G(s) =
75
. Design a PID controller to satisfy the following speci-
(s + 1)(s + 3)(s + 8)
cations :

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(i) The Steady-State error for unit ramp input should be less than 0.08

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(ii) Damping ratio = 0.8 and
(iii) Natural frequency of oscillation = 2.5 rad/sec.

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State the expressions for the transfer function of the PID controller and for the

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open loop transfer function of the compensated system. (16)

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13. (a) (i) Sketch the Bode magnitude plot for the transfer function G(s) = .

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(1 + 0.01s)(1 + s)
(8)

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10(s + 2)

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(ii) Draw the polar plot for the following Transfer function G(s) = .

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s(s + 1)(s + 3)

w OR

10
S(S + 1)
(8)

## . Design a lead compen-

sator such that the closed loop system will satisfy the following specications
:
Static velocity error constant = 20 sec.
Phase margin = 50
Gain margin 10 dB.
Draw the Bode plots and explain. (16)
14. (a) (i) A certain unity negative feedback control system has the following open
K
loop transfer function G(s)H(s) = . Find the break-
s(s + 2)(s2 + 2s + 5)
away points and draw Root Locus for 0 . (12)

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(ii) List the advantages of Rouths array method of examining stability of a
control system. (4)

OR

14. (b) Sketch the Nyquist plot for a system with open loop transfer function
K(1 + 0.4s)(s + 1)
G(s)H(s) = and determine the range of K for which the
(1 + 8s)(s 1)
system is stable. (16)

15. (a) (i) Find the state variable equation for a mechanical system (spring-mass-
damper system) shown below. (8)

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(ii) A LTI system is characterized by the state equation
[
x1
x2
] [
=

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1 0

..
1 1

cc
][

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x2
] [ ]
+
0
1
u

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where u i s a unit step function. Compute
[ ]
1
the solution of these equation

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assuming initial condition x0 = . Use inverse Laplace transform

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0

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technique.

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(8)

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OR

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15. (b) A sampled data control systems is shown in the gure below:

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Find the open loop pulse transfer function, if the controller gain is unity with
sampling time 0.5 seconds. (16)

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