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1 D 2 B 3 A 4 D 5 A 6 D 7 B
8 B 9 C 10 4 11 3.33 12 C 13 C 14 A
15 D 16 B 17 D 18 A 19 D 20 225 21 76.4
22 C 23 B 24 50 25 A 26 C 27 B 28 D
29 98.8 30 78 31 84 32 0.448 33 99.4 34 B 35 B
36 A 37 B 38 A 39 D 40 C 41 C 42 A
43 40 44 300 45 C 46 D 47 A 48 2 49 2.666
50 2500 51 7.5 52 C 53 D 54 A 55 D 56 C
57 D 58 A 59 C 60 A 61 D 62 B 63 C
64 D 65 D
Explanations:-

10 0
1. z 2 30; 10 cos t 30 10 sin 90 t 30 10 sin 60 t
5 30

V 10 60
10 sin t 60 10 60V, I 5 90 5 90
Z 2 30
5 sin t 90 5 cos t A

4
3
2. x 0 lim s x s lim s 0
2
s s 1 1 s 2
s
4. With losses neglected Vt Eb
When Vt is halved, Eb is halved. If
Now for constant power
Eb Ia cons tan t so Ia is doubled. Vt Eb

## Again , with Vt halved, If is halved, so is

Eb
Eb and are halved, cons tan t
T cons tan t so, T is cons tan t

7. Since rank = 2
A 0
k 1 0
0 k 1 0 k 1
1 0 k

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b
f x b a
8. we have dx
f x f a b x 2
a
4
x 4 2
dx 1
x 6 x 2
2

ds
9. 32t 2
dt
ds (32t 2)dt
ds (32t 2)dt

t2
s 32 2t c ....(1)
2
1
given s t
2

when t ,s 4
2
2
1 1
from(1), 4 16 2 c
2 2
c 1
s 16t2 2t 1

## 10. f1 20Hz; f2 30Hz;

20 4 K1
Analog frequencies,Digital frequencies are F1
75 15 N1
30 2 K2
F2 ; N1 15, N2 5; K1 4, K2 2
75 5 N2

11. L1 1H, L2 2H
L1 1 10
i(0 ) i 0 10 A 3.33 A
L1 L2 3 3

Ef Vt Vt2 1 1
13. Re active power Q cos Vt2 sin2
Xd Xd xq xd

1 1
Vt2 sin2 is always positive, so for maximum Q,
xq xd

## cos needs to be maximum

2
sin needs to be minimum
So Qmax occurs at 0

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ELV V1

14. Io 6A
The low voltage side of transformer is excited. Io
Ic
So, care-loss component of no load current
250
IC 1.25A
m
Im
200
Magnetizing component Im I2o I2c 5.87A
Ic
Io

EH V

16. y s G2 s X s x s G1 s y s G1 s

G2 s G1 s G2 s X s y s G1 s G2 s

y s G2 s 1 G1 s
X s 1 G1 s G2 s

## x is the s tan dard deviation 0.2 sec

x is the mean 3.6 sec s

## 18. Ds 0.7788r 0.233 cm

GMD Dm 3 DabDbcDca 2.29m
Dm
L o
ln 1.38 10 6 H / m 1.38 mH / km
2 Ds
L 1.38 10 3 125 0.1725H
XL L 2 x x f x L 2 x x 50 x 0.1725 54.19

19. We have
1 dn 1
Re s f(z) lim (z a)n f(z)
z x n 1 ! d2n 1
at z a

1 d2 1
2 d z
Re s f(z) at z 1 lim 2 1
(z 1)2 2
lim
z 1 2 1 ! dz (z 1)(z 1) z 1 dz z 1

(z 1) (1) z (1) z 1 z 1
at z a lim lim
z 1 (z 1)2 z 1( 1 1)2 4

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## capacity factor 0.750

20. Utilization factor 0.7692
Maximum demand 750
Plant capacity 975.039 MW 975MW
utilization factor 0.7692
Re serve capacity Plant capicity max .demand 975 750 225 MW

## 21. Number of parallel paths = 6

60
Number of series devices 10
6
Final rating
series string efficiency
Number of devices device rating
10 103
0.833
10 1.2 103
5.5
Parallel string efficiency 0.9167
6x1
totalstringefficiency 0.833 0.9167 0.76385
% efficiency 76.4%

## 22. 8V 1600ID VDS 400ID , 8 2000ID VDS; 2000ID 8 VDS

8 VDS 1 8 1
ID V , m ; y=ID;x VDS
2000 2000 2000 DS 2000 2000

1
Y1 1
24. sin 1
Y2 0.766
0.766
sin 1 50o
1

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25. f' x'y'z' x'y'z x ' yz ' x ' yz xy ' z ' xy ' z xyz

x y Z f f=xyz'
0 0 0 1
0 0 1 1
0 1 0 1
0 1 1 1
1 0 0 1
1 1 1 1
1 0 0 0
1 1 1 1

## 26. After closing the switch,

t/ 1000t t/ 100t
V+ Ve 100e ,V V 1 e 100 1 e

## Vx 0 V V ; 100e-1000t 100 1 e 100t

,2e 1000t
e1000t 2,

t ln 2 msec=0.693msec

Vo Vo
27. When Vi=+1V, 2; Vo 2V , When Vi=-1V, 4; Vo 4V
Vi Vi

## 28. Characteristic equation of A is A I 0

1 2
0
1 3
2
4 5 0
2
By Hamliton theorem A 4A 5I 0
2
A 4A 5I .......(1)
2
A(A ) A(4A 5I)
3 2
A 4A 5A .......(2)
4 3 2
A 4A 5A .......(3)
5 4 3
A 4A 5A .......(4)
6 5 4
A 4A 5A .......(5)
Now A6 4A5 8A 4 12A3 14A2
4A5 5A4 4(4A4 5A3 ) 8(4A3 5A2 ) 12(4A2 5A) 14(14A 5I)
4A 5I ( by applying equations (1),(2),(3),(4) & (5))

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100(103 )
3 440
2002
Field loss w 267 w
150
2
131.2
Armature loss 3 0.02
2
258 W
Total losses 1304.87 W
1
Losses 1 output

output 100kw
1
1304.87 1 100kw

98.8%
or
Output 100kw
Input 100 1304.87 101304.87
100
98.8%
101304.87

30. L-G-fault
100 MVA
Ibase 9.09 KA
11K
3ER1
If 3IR0
x1eq x2eq x0eq
3 1.0 3
8.57 PU
0.15 0.15 0.05 0.35

## 31. Given f1 1MHz ; c1 420 PF

f2 1.5MHz ; c2 140 PF
n2c2 c1 f2 1.5
cd ; n 1.5
1 n2 f1 1
420 2.25(140)
cd 84 PF
2.25 1

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32.
The turn on loss 1 vdc Io Ton
6
Turn on energy loss 1 vdc Io Ton
6
Turnoff energy loss 1 vdc Io Toff
6
Swtching loss 1 100 20 0.1 10 6 1 100 20 0.1 10 6
66.67 10 6 J
6 6
2 3
conduction energy loss vo Io Io Rd 0.1 10

## [1x20 (20)2 xR d ]x10 4

6 4
66.67 10 20 400R d 10 T
Avergage power loss 3
0.2 10 JC
6 4 4 3
66.674 10 20 10 400R d 10 100 0.2 10 Rd 0.448

th
5
33. Ohmic loss at loading is 100 W, so ohmic-loss at rated condition (S.C. loss)
4
2
4
Psc 100 64 W .
5
th
For maximum efficiency
Variable loss = fixed loss
ohmic loss = core-loss
x2.64 50
x 0.88
20 1 0.88
so, max 2
0.994 99.4%
20 1 0.88 0.05 0.064 0.88

## 34. Given cos 0.3 1.266

Rp 2500 ; L 20 mH; V 120V; I 10A
Power consumed by load, PT VI cos 120 10 0.3 360W
1 XL 1 2 fL 1 2 50 20 10 3
Rp Rp 2500
Actual wattmeter reading = 1 tan tan true power
1 tan 72.54 tan 0.143 360 362.87 w
2
V2 120
Power loss, PL 5.76W
Rp 2500
Total wattmeter reading = 362.84 5.76 368.63 W
Pw PT 368.63 360
%Error 100 100 2.397%
PT 360

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QA QB QC QD
35. A A B B C C 0 0 0 0
1 {
1 0 0 0
AB 2 {
AC Clock 1 1 0 0
3 {
ABC Cycles 0 1 1 0
4 {
0 0 1 1
5 {
0 0 0 1
6 {
0 0 0 0

20 1 30 3 50 1
36. (A) Given P(A) , P(B) , P(C)
100 5 100 10 100 2
Let D denote that the bolt is defective
6 3 3 2 1
Given P(D / A) , P(D / B) , P(D / C)
100 50 100 100 50

P(C)P(D / C)
By Bayes ' s theorem P(C / D)
P(A)P(D / A) P(B).P(D / B) P(C)P(D / C)
1 1
.
2 50 10
1 3 3 3 1 1 31
. . .
5 50 10 100 2 50

hfeRc
37. Av 20
hie 1 hfe R e

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38.
I3
3 1A
Im 1mA
R1
I2
5 2
R2 Rm

10A 1
I1
R1

## In position 1, R1 is in shunt with R2 R3 Rm

I1R1 Im R 2 R2 R3
Given I1 10A
Im 1mA
Rm 50
3 4
10 R1 1 10 R2 R3 50 R1 10 R2 R3 50
In position 2, R1 R2 is in shunt with R3 Rm
I2 R1 R2 Im R3 Rm

5A 5 R1 R2 Im R3 Rm
3
5 R1 R2 1 10 R3 50
3 4
R1 R2 1 10 R3 50 R1 R2 2 10 R3 50
In position 3, R1 R2 R3 is in shunt with Rm
I3 R1 R2 R3 ImR m

3
1A R1 R2 R3 1 10 50 0.05
R1 R2 R3 0.05
4
R1 R2 2 10 R3 50 R3 0.0399
R1 R2 0.01, R 2 0.01 R1
4
R1 10 R2 R3 50
4
R1 10 0.01 R1 0.0399 50
R1 0.005 , R2 0.005

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## 39. By Stokes theorem, we have

F .dr curl F.N ds
C S

i j k

Finding curl F 0
x y z
yz xz xy

curl F . N ds 0 F . dr 0
S C

## 40. Given c = 25nF

When device is off
1 .t
The voltage across capacitor C Vc Vs.e RC
Vs
1 .t
Vs 100V Vc 100 e RC
100
dVc 100
dt RC
dvC
Given minimum charging current 10mA CJ
dt

3 100 100 12
10 10 CJ 20 10
R C R 25 10
R 8
minimum value of R 8

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dT
41. We have K(T C) T temperature at any time ' t '
dt
C Room temperature
dT
given 15;at t 0, T 190, c 70
dt
15 k(190 70)

k 0.125

dT
0.125(T 70) ; T(0) 190 dT 0.125(T 70)dt
dt
1
dT 0.125dt
T 70
loge (T 70) 0.125t c
0.125 c 0.125
T 70 e e .ec
0.125
e .a where a ec

T ae( 0.125)t
70
T(t) ae( 0.125)t
70

T(0) 190

T(0) ae0 70

a 120
0.125t
T(t) 120 e 70 .....(1)

## from(1), t 3.98 min

1
42. For unit step input, Laplace Transform is .
s
0.1 1 0.1
Taking iv option, L F t
s s s2

5 1 5 1 1
Taking iii option, L f t . , y . 5 et /20 1
20s 1 s 20 1 s
s
20

CVs 2 10 6 200
43. tc 40 s
I0 10

## 44. Internal voltage drop = ZI = 1200 50 300 V

200

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46. h n e2nu n 1

For stability

h n
n

4
e2nu n 1 e2n e2
n n 1 n 1

## e2 1 as n , summation tends to hence h n is unstable.

For causal
h n 0 For n 0

e2n n 1
e2nu n 1
0 n 1

Hence it is causal
For Memory system
Any system o/p depends upon present 1/p and past o/p and the past 1/p then
that system is
memory system
h 3 e6u 2

It is memory system

## 47. Given Eo 5v, Edc(max) 13.5, Edc(min) 10 V, Io 10A, I 500 mA

Eo ToN Eo
From Equation,
Edc T Edc
Eo 5
Ton(max) 10 sec
Edcmin f 10 50 103
Maximum period of conduction for switch 10 sec
10-V1 V1
48. KCL across Loop 1, i1
20 20
V2 V1 1 and V2 10i1
V1 2v

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10 Vth
49. i1
20
10i1 Vth 1

Vth 1
i1
10
0 Vth Vth 1
20 10
10 Vth 2Vth 2

3Vth 8

8
Vth 2.666
3

## 50&51. Z1 200 Z2 500

Z3 1000 Vf 2000 v
if ir i1 i2
Vf Vr Vt Vt
Z1 Z1 Z2 Z3
1 1 1 1
Vf Vr Vt Z1 Vt 200
Z2 Z3 500 1000
3 3
Vt 200 V
1000 5 t
3
Also Vf Vr Vt Vf Vr V
5 t
8 4
5 t 5 t
4
2000 V Vf 2000V
5 t
Vt 2500V
Re flected voltage Vr Vt Vf 2500 2000 500V
Vt 2500
Current transmitted in the 500 line, i1 5A
Z2 500
Vt 2500
Current transmitted in the 1000 line, i2 2.5A
Z3 1000
Current in cable = i1 12 5 2.5 7.5A

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## 52. x1 x2 3r1 3r2

3V 2 1 r2
Te 2
Cv s r2 2 s
r1 x1 x2
s
3V 2 1 r2
425
Cv s 1
2
0.04
H (3 3) r2
0.04

3v 2 1
425
w s 28.48
3v 2
12104
cv s

3v 2 1 t2
Test
cv s (1 1) 2
(3 3) 2
r2 1

1
(12104) 302.6N m
40

53.
r2 1
SmT 0.1643
2 2 2
r1 (x1 x 2 ) 1 (3 3)2
3v 2 1 r2
Tem
c vs 1
3
0.1643
1 (3 3)2 r2
0.1643
1
(12104) 854.8 Nm
14.16
Test 302.6
0.354
Tem 854.8

54.
j2 t j2 t j6 t j6 t
x t 4 3e 3e 5e 5e

x t 4 6 cos 2 t 10 cos 6 t

g t 8 6 cos 2 t

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55. DC value of y t

y t H w DC value of g t

1
H w
1 j2 fRc
RC 1
0
H 0 1
Y t |Dc 8

## 60. S.I for 1 year Rs. (900 800) Rs.100

S.I for 4 years Rs. (100 4) Rs.400
Pr incipal Rs.400

62. Suppose X will cost 40 paisa more than Y after 2 years, then
4.20 0.40 Z 6.30 0.15 Z 0.40
0.25 Z 0.40 2.10 Z 10
Re quired year 2001 10 2011

1 1 1 1
63. Cs 1 day of work
24 3 6 8
1 1 1
As wages : Bs wages : Cs wages : : 4: 3:1
6 8 24
1
Cs share for 3 days 3 3200 Rs.400
24

## 64. Let the three integers be x, x 2, x 4

3x 2 x 4 3 x 11
Third int eger 11 4 15

65. From the data it is not given that percentage of proteins in skin is 16%
Rather it is given that percentage entire human body is 16%
Therefore, we should not do 16% of 1/10

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