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Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels

Technical Data Sheet

Indications Product Description
Sof-Lex Spiral Wheels can be used 3M ESPE Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels are a 2-step, single-use
to polish surfaces of: finishing and polishing system. The Sof-Lex Spiral Wheels use the same mandrel as
3M ESPE Sof-Lex Finishing and Polishing Discs.
Composite restorations The Sof-Lex Spiral Wheels are made of an elastomer impregnated with aluminum oxide particles.
Resin-modified glass ionomers The unique, flexible shape of the Sof-Lex Spiral Wheels allows them to be used on all tooth
Bisacrylic temporary materials surfaces, thereby reducing the need for differently shaped toolslike points, cups, discs and
brushesto fit various contours of the tooth anatomy.
Composite One shape
Lava Ultimate CAD/CAM Restorative
Adapts to all tooth surfaces
Precious and semi-precious metal
Works from any angle
Is effective for anterior and posterior restorations
Quickly achieves a life-like luster
Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels
The beige Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing Wheel is indicated to smooth and remove scratches in restorations developed during contouring.
The white Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel is indicated for the final high gloss polishing. Both wheels should be used on slow-speed
handpieces at the recommended speeds of 10,000-20,000 rpm. Water spray is not needed during use. Several factors can affect the
final finish of a restoration: the resin matrix and fillers within the restorative material, finishing instruments and preparation design.

Spiral Finishing Wheel Spiral Polishing Wheel

Finishing and Polishing Procedure

Proper finishing of restorations is desirable not only for esthetic considerations but also for oral health. The primary goal of finishing
is to obtain a restoration which has good contour, occlusion, healthy embrasure forms and smoothness. Finishing and polishing
procedures remove the air-inhibited layer, contour and shape the restoration, create surface characterization, and produce surfaces
with high gloss. Tight margins should blend esthetically into the tooths natural contours. Healthy embrasure forms and smooth surfaces
are less likely to trap food debris and collect plaque. The polish should be smooth enough to be tolerated well by gingival tissue.

Gross Reduction Final Contour Smooth surface Polish
(scratch removal)

Global market research was conducted with 300 participants. In this survey, dentists were asked what tools they used for each of the
four steps of a finishing and polishing procedure. Following are the results of this research along with a brief definition of each step.
Gross Reduction
Gross Reduction 70
The purpose is to remove excess restorative material (including overhangs), 60

% Respondents
to remove air-inhibited layer, and shape anatomy. The tools that are 50

typically used for this process deliver the most aggressive abrasive 40
(e.g., coarse grit) action in this procedure to remove the excess material
quickly. The graph on the right depicts the most popular tools for Gross
Reduction. Strips are also used for proximal areas.
Diamond Carbide Discs Discs Stones
Global Market Research December 2011, N=300

Final Contour 80
Final Contour

The purpose of this step is to refine contours (size, shape, grooves, etc.) 70
and margins (generating a smooth transition from tooth to restoration), 60

% Respondents
re-establish contact with adjacent teeth to a normal and functional form, 50

and reduce surface roughness. At the end of this step, the restoration 40
should have its desired form and a smooth, clean surface.
The most popular tools used for Final Contour are depicted in the graph 10
on the right. Strips are also used for proximal areas. These tools are not as 0
Diamond Silicone/ Carbide Discs Stones
aggressive as those used for Gross Reduction (e.g., medium grit) because Burs Rubberized Burs MEDIUM
only small amounts of material are being removed from the restoration. Global Market Research December 2011, N=300

Finish 80
Smooth Surface (scratch removal)
Smooth surface (scratch removal) 70
This step reduces the scratch depth and/or removes lighter scratches 60
% Respondents

produced during the Gross Reduction and Final Contour steps by the 50

more aggressive tools. This step should leave the surface smoother and 40
sometimes is considered a pre-polish step. The tools used for this step,
as depicted in the graph on the right, are less aggressive than the
previous step (e.g., a fine grit). Strips are also used for proximal areas.
Silicone/ Discs Discs Discs Brushes
The fine Sof-Lex
Spiral Finishing Wheel is designed to remove Rubberized FINE SUPERFINE MEDIUM
scratches and smooth the surface. Global Market Research December 2011, N=300

High Gloss Polish

High Gloss Polish 70
The objective of this step is to further smooth the surface to produce 60
% Respondents

a high gloss shine on the restoration. The tools used for this step, 50

as depicted in the graph on the right, are the least aggressive 40

(e.g., super or ultra fine grits). Strips are also used for proximal areas.
The superfine Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel produces 10
a high gloss polish. 0
Silcone/ Brushes Discs Discs
Global Market Research December 2011, N=300
Technology Performance
The unique bristle shape is adapted for 3M ESPE from patented Performance for finishing and polishing systems is typically evaluated
radial bristle disc design developed by 3M Abrasives Division. by measuring surface gloss, surface roughness and heat generation.
This technology affords:
Gloss Attainment
A continuous supply of mineral to work surfaces Surface gloss or reflectance indicates how polished or shiny the
A variety of grits, diameters and thickness surface can become after treatment. A high gloss attainment indicates
A flexible instrument that conforms to surfaces a shiny, more reflective surface.

The instrument doesnt generate a lot of heat during use The study below shows Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing
Wheels produce a smooth gloss surface better than or equal to
3M ESPE optimized this design for dental applications which the industrys leading products.
provides a product in 2 grits that: 100
Easily adapts to all tooth surfaces, eliminating the use of multiple 80
tools (shapes) for a single purpose to fit various contours 70

Gloss Units
Can be used on anterior and posterior restorations 60
Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing Wheel (beige) removes scratches from the 40
restoration surface (similar to the Sof-Lex Discs, Fine) 30
Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel (white) polishes the restoration to a high 20
gloss, natural-looking surface (similar to the Sof-Lex Discs, Superfine)
OneGloss Occlubrush Opti1Step Sof-Lex XT Sof-Lex Enhance/
No paste or water cooling necessary Fine and Spiral PoGo
Superfine Finishing
Utilizes the easy to use pop-on mandrel Discs and Polishing
Single use Samples of Filtek Supreme Ultra Universal Composite were prepared and then treated
with 320 Grit Sandpaper to obtain a uniform and typical clinically relevant finished surface
prior to polishing. They were then treated with the various polishing systems.

Surface Roughness
Note the smoothness of the surface finished and polished with
Surface roughness actually measures how rough or smooth the Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels.
surface is before and after treatment. Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing
and Polishing Wheels produce a smoother or similar surface
roughness compared to the industry-leading products.
The surface roughness can be quantified using surface profilometers.
A profilometer drags a stylus over the surface. In this case, Ra
(average surface roughness expressed in units of height) is the parameter
reported. The lower the Ra (average surface roughness), the smoother Starting Surface Prior to Polishing Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and
the surface. Ra = 0.3 0.4 micron Polishing Wheels
Ra = 0.12 micron
SEMs can be used to observe the actual surface roughness.

OneGloss Opti1Step Enhance /Pogo Occlubrush Sof-Lex XT Discs, Fine and

Ra = 0.38 micron Ra = 0.16 microns Ra = 0.11 micron Ra = 0.25 micron Superfine
Ra = 0.08 micron
Heat Generation

Surface Temperature C
Many finishing and polishing devices generate heat during use.
Manufacturers may recommend water cooling or intermittent pressure
to ensure excessive heat does not build up. 30

Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels generate less heat
on the surface compared to a leading rubberized system. 10

The surface temperature was measured before and during treatment. Before Treatment Enhance Sof-Lex PoGo Sof-Lex
Spiral Spiral
Finisher Polisher
T=0 T=30 seconds

The Sof-Lex System Procedure

Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing and Polishing Wheels are designed to fit perfectly into the Sof-Lex Finishing and Polishing System. They use the
same mandrel as the discsand because the discs and wheels feature easy, pop-on mounting, you can move efficiently through your
contouring, finishing and polishing procedure. Sof-Lex discs, strips and spiral wheels are color-coded from dark (coarse) to light (superfine)
for an easily followed step-by-step process.

Sof-Lex Sof-Lex Sof-Lex Spiral Anterior Posterior Interproximal
Discs XT Discs Strips Wheels
Final Contour Gross Reduction

Excess removal Sof-Lex Discs, Coarse Rotating coarse or medium Sof-Lex XT Discs, Coarse
Shape anatomy Rotating coarse or medium contouring instruments Sof-Lex Strips
(e.g., diamonds, carbide burs, stones)
Remove air-inhibited layer contouring instruments Coarse/Medium
(e.g., diamonds, carbide burs, stones) Coarse/Medium, Narrow

Reduce surface roughness Sof-Lex Discs, Medium Rotating medium or fine Sof-Lex XT Discs, Medium
Complete and refine Rotating medium or fine contouring instruments Sof-Lex Strips
(e.g., yellow or red ring diamonds)
contours and margins contouring instruments Coarse/Medium
(e.g., yellow or red ring diamonds) Coarse/Medium, Narrow

Remove scratches Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing Wheel Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing Wheel Sof-Lex Spiral Finishing Wheel

Smooth surface Sof-Lex Discs, Fine Sof-Lex XT Discs, Fine

Pre-polish Sof-Lex Strips, Fine/Superfine

Final polish to high gloss Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel Sof-Lex Spiral Polishing Wheel

Sof-Lex Discs, Superfine Sof-Lex XT Discs, Superfine

Sof-Lex Strips, Fine/Superfine
3M, ESPE, Filtek, Lava and Sof-Lex are
trademarks of 3M or 3M Deutschland
Dental Products
GmbH. Used under license in Canada.
2510 Conway Avenue 3M 2013. All rights reserved. Enhance,
St. Paul, MN 55144-1000 USA Please recycle. Printed in U.S.A. PoGo, Occlubrush, OneGloss and
1-800-634-2249 70-2013-0563-1 Opti1Step are not trademarks of 3M.

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