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Desert Aqua-Net Plan/Shimizu's Dream - Shimizu Corporation

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Desert Aqua-Net Plan

Creating Lakes in the Desert: A Proposal for Creating a Network of Canals and
Exploring New Ways to Inhabit Our Planet

The Desert Aqua-Net Plan is a concept for making use of the desert, which currently accounts for some one-
third of the Earth's total land area.
According to this idea, multiple manmade lakes will be created in depressed areas of deserts, after which
artificial islands will be built on the lakes. Filled with seawater introduced through canals, the lakes will then be
connected to form a water network.
By creating waterways in the desert and transforming arid and semiarid areas into inhabitable land, this plan
(which is still in the simulation stage) ultimately seeks to build cities on manmade islands that have been
formed on seawater lakes.

Overview of the Plan

Securing water is the key issue when developing a

desert. The Desert Aqua-Net Plan therefore places
top priority on establishing a water network.
1. Multiple seawater lakes, each surrounded by a
continuous underground wall reaching all the way to
the impermeable layer, are created.
2. Water is recirculated. Pumps are used to transport
sea water to lakes. Gravity moves water to
neighboring lakes.
3. A network of canals connects the manmade lakes.
4. Artificial islands are formed on the lakes.
5. The transportation network will incorporate both
land and water systems.

The System

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Desert Aqua-Net Plan/Shimizu's Dream - Shimizu Corporation

To create the waterways, the core element of the

system, pumps will be used to move water from the
ocean to a manmade lake located at a higher
elevation. Water collected in the lake will then flow
down along natural slopes to many other lakes,
eventually returning to the ocean.
If necessary, booster pump stations will be established
at several locations along the waterways.
Creating very large lakes is expected to reduce
extreme temperatures and increase humidity, creating
a comfortable living environment characterized by
mild weather on the artificial islands as well as in the
areas around the lakes.
Seawater pumping facility
Scale and Construction Methods

The plan takes advantage of the natural topography

(depressed areas) in order to create the lakes.
Each manmade lake, measuring 30 kilometers in
diameter and 20 to 30 meters in depth, will be as large
as Tokyo Bay. Lakes will be located some 150
kilometers apart.
The water in the lakes will be retained by a
continuous, two-meter-thick underground wall that
reaches down to the impermeable layer.
The waterways connecting the lakes will be lined with
concrete. According to the basic specifications, these
canals will measure 50 meters wide and 10 meters Seawater lake and manmade island
Areas elevated above the lower-lying land become
artificial islands upon the introduction of sea water.

Space Utilization

Introducing seawater into the lakes will make it

possible to cultivate and use marine resources,
including fish and biomass materials.
The canals will be used to transport people and
goods, promoting the development of nearby areas as
well as the cities established on the manmade islands.
The manmade islands will represent high-tech oases
in which technology and nature are harmoniously
For their energy needs, the cities established on the
manmade islands will draw on photovoltaic systems to
tap the abundant sunlight or on power-receiving Dunaliella culture pond in Israel
facilities for solar power satellite (SPS) systems
constructed on vast stretches of empty desert.

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Desert Aqua-Net Plan/Shimizu's Dream - Shimizu Corporation

Seawater lake and manmade island

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