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# Lahat ng problem solving...

(ito na yun)
1. What is the Laplace Transform of a unit step function? 10. Given vectors A = i + 2j and B = 3i 2j + k, find the angle between
2 f 2 f 2 f
a. 1 them. d. f = 2
i+ 2
j+ 2
k
b. s a. 0 x y z
c. 1 / s b. 36.575
d. u(t) c. 96,865
14. Given a scalar function f (x, y , z), find the Laplacian of f.
d. 127.352
2. What is the Laplace transform of t? f f f
a. 1 / s = cos -1 ( AB) / (|A| |B|)
a. ( grad f )= i+ j+ k
b.1 / s2 A B = (1)(3) + (2)(-2) + (0)(1) = -1
x y z
c 1. |A| = sqrt (12+22) = sqrt(5) f f f
d. s |B| = sqrt (32 + (-2)2 + 12) = sqrt (14)
b. ( grad f )= + +
= cos -1 ( -1) / (sqrt (5) x sqrt (14) )
x y z
2 2 2
3. What is the Laplace transform of eat? = 98.865 f f f
a. 1 / (s a) c. ( grad f )= 2 + 2 + 2
b. 1 / (s + a) 11. Given vectors A = 4i + k and B = -2i + j + 3k, find AxB x y z
c. s + a a. 0
b. -8i + 3k 2 f 2 f 2 f
d. s a d. ( grad f )= 2 i+ 2 j+ 2 k
c. -12 x y z
4. What is the Laplace transform of te ?
at
d. i 10j + 4k
15. Given a scalar function f (x, y , z), find the curl of the gradient of f
a. 1 / (s a)2
a. 1
b. 1 / (s a ) AxB =
c. (s + a)2 2 ax 2 ay 2 az

| |
d. s a i j k b. curl(grad f )= i+ j+ k
4 0 1 x2 y2 z2
5. What is the Laplace transform of sin (wt)? c. inf
a. 1 / (s2 + w2) 2 1 3 d. 0
b. 1 / (s2 - w2)
c. s / (s2 + w2) AxB = i 10j + 4k 16. It is an equation that contains one or several derivatives of an
d. s / (s2 - w2) unknown function called y(x) and which we want to determine from the
12. Given a scalar function f (x, y , z), find the gradient of f. equation.
6. What is the Laplace transform of cos (wt)? a. homogeneous differential equation
f f f
a. 1 / (s2 + w2) a. grad f = i+ j+ k b. ordinary differential equation
b. 1 / (s2 - w2) x y z c. partial differential equation
c. s / (s2 + w2) d. linear constant coefficient differential equation
f f f
d. s / (s2 - w2) b. grad f = + +
x y z 17. Solve the differential equation y = 1 + y2
7. What is the Laplace transform of cosh (wt)? 2 2 2 a. y = tan -1 (x) + c
a. 1 / (s2 + w2) f f f b. y = tan (x) + c
b. 1 / (s2 - w2)
c. grad f = 2 + 2 + 2 c. y = tan (x + c)
c. s / (s2 + w2) x y z d. y = tan (x)
d. s / (s2 - w2) 2 f 2 f 2 f
d. grad f = 2 i+ 2 j+ 2 k 18. Solve the initial value problem y = -y / x, where y(1) = 1
8. What is the Laplace transform of sinh (wt)? x y z a. y = c / x
a. 1 / (s2 + w2) 13. Given a vector A = axi + ayj + azk, find the divergence of A . b. y = x / c
b. 1 / (s2 - w2) c. y = x
f f f
c. s / (s2 + w2) a. f = i+ j+ k d. y = 1 / x
d. s / (s2 - w2) x y z
19. A ______ is a collection of objects, and these objects are called the
f f f elements.
9. Given vectors A = i + j + k and B = 2i 3j + 5k, find AB. b. f = + +
a. 2i -3j + 5k x y z a. set
b. 2i + 3j + 5k 2 2 2 b.subset
c. 0 f f f c.venn diagram
d. 4
c. f = 2+ 2+ 2 d.union
x y z
20. Solve the equation 2 x =1 2x
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a.1 97 97
b.-1 c. d.
c.1 / 4
d. 1 / 4
80 80
21. Find the y-intercept of the graph
2
y=x 2
a. 0 25. Two cars begin a trip from the same point P. If car A travels north at
b. 1.7 the rate of 30 mi/h and car B travels west at the rate of 40 mi/h, how fast is
c.-2 the distance between them changing 2 hours later?
d. No answer because only lineaf function have y-intercept a. 20 mi/h
b. 30 mi/h
22. Given the equation x 2+ y 2 =4 , find its symmetry. c. 40 mi/h
a. symmetric with respect to x-axis d. 50 mi/h
b. symmetric with respect to y-axis
c. symmetric with respect to the origin
d.all of the above

23. The charge in coulombs that passes through a wire after t seconds is
given by the function Q(t) = t3 2t2 + 5t + 2. Determine the average
current during the first two seconds.
a. 2 amperes
b. 3 amperes
c. 4 amperes
d. 5 amperes
27. Postal regulations require that the sum of the length and girth of a
rectangular package may not exceed 108 inches (the girth is the perimeter
of an end of the box). What is the maximum volume of a package with
square ends that meets this criteria?
24. Two sides of a triangle are 5 and 10 inches, respectively. The angle a. 11,646 in3
between them is increasing at the rate of 5 per minute. How fast is the b. 11,466 in3
third side of the triangle growing when the angle is 60deg? c. 11,464 in3
a. 5/6 in/m d. 11,664 in3
b. 5/36 in/m
c. 6/25 in/m
d. 6/5 in/m

## 26. A baseball diamond is a square whose sides are 90 ft long. If a batter

hits a ball and runs to first base at the rate of 20 ft/sec, how fast is his
distance from second base changing when he has run 50 ft?
80 80
a. b.
97 97
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c. Fundamental Theorem of Algebra '
y 1
d. Fundamental Theorem of Equations
y
=v
u ()
du+lnudv

uv v
34. The logarithm of the reciprocal of a number is called _____.
y'= du+ uv lnudv
a. Inverse Logarithm
u
d ( u ) =v uv1 du+uv lnudv
v
b. Cologarithm
c. Index
d. Briggsian Logarithm
38. If f ( x )=1+ x + x 2+ x 3 + , determine
3

## 35. Given the equation: L

1
{ f ( s ) }=x L1 {f (sa)} f (x)dx .
where L is the inverse Laplace transform of a function f(s). Find x
-1 2
a. e-at a. ln 0.5
28. The graphs of the equations of the forms r = asinn and r = acosn b. ln 2
where n is a positive integer, greater than 1, are called _____. b. eat
c. a-et c. ln 3
a. Lemniscates
b. Rose Curves d. aet d. ln 1.5
c. Cardioids
d. Limacons 36. Solve the initial value problem 1
'' ' f ( x )=1+ x + x 2+ x 3 += ( infinite geometric ser
29. The graph of an equation of the form r = b + asin or r = b + acos is y ( t )+ y ( t )=0 ; y ( 0 )=0, y ( 0 )=1 1x
called a ________. 3
dx 3
a.
b.
Lemniscates
Rose Curves
a. y ( t )=sint 1x 1
=ln |1x||2=ln |2|+ln |1|=ln 2 =ln
2
c. Cardioids b. y ( t )=cos t
d. Limacons
c. y ( t )=sinh t 1
30. A/n ______ is the set of all points P in a plane such that the sum of the
distances of P from two fixed points F and G of the plane is constant.
a. Ellipse
d. y ( t )=cosh t 39. Evaluate: x 2011 ( 1x )2
0
b. Circle 37. Taking the Laplace transform of the DE
c. Conic
d. Parabola
2 '
s Y ( s ) sy ( 0 ) y ( 0 )+Y ( s ) =0 1
a.
1 4078507092
31. Any differential equation of the form y= px + f(p) where f(p) contains Y ( s )= 2
neither x nor y explicitly is called a/n _______. s +1 1
b.
a. Bernoullis Equation
b. Clairauts Equation y ( t )=sint 8144863716
c. Homogenous Equation 1
d. Laguerre Polynomials Find the first derivative of uv. c.
a. v uv1 du+u v lnudv
2011
32. These variables are dimensionless combinations of the physical v1 v d.
variable and parameters of the original. b. v u dv +u lnvdu
1 1
( )
a. Canonical Variables v1 u
b. Dependent Variables
c. v u du+ v lnvdv 40. Simplify: Ta n1 +Ta n1
c. X and Y Variables d. v uv1 dv +uv lnudu 2 3
d. Controlled Variables a. Tan-1 1/7
lny=vlnu b. Tan-1 1/6
c. -Tan-1 1/7
33. This states that every integral rational equation has at least one root. d ( lny )=d ( vlnu ) d. -Tan-1 1/6
a. Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
b. Fundamental Theorem of Counting

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41. How many different signals, each consisting of 6 flags hung in a Meikos average speed is the Harmonic mean of 30 mph and 55 mph
1 2
vertical line, can be formed from 4 identical red flags and 2 identical blue
flags?
a. 15 P=
area of success
=
2
r
=
1 ( ) H=
1 1
1
=38.
b. 672 area of possible r
2
4 +
30 55
c. 720 48. Find the quadratic mean of {1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 1.0, 1.1}
d. 34560 44. Consider the series Sn =1 -1 +1 -1 +1 + - If n is even, the sum is
a. 9.04 b. 1.1 c. 1.8 d. 1.34
zero and if n is odd, the sum is 1. What do you call this kind of infinite
This is a case of permutations of indistinguishable objects series?

2 2 2 2 2
6!
a. Oscillating series 1.3 +1.5 +1.7 + 1.0 + 1.1
=15 b. Geometric series Q= =1.34
4!2! c. Bilateral Series 5
d. Di-valued Series
49. Find the probability of obtaining an ace on both the first and second
draws from a deck of cards when the first is not replaced before the
45. Find the mean deviation for the following set of data: {35,40, 45} second is drawn.
42. Three light bulbs are chosen at random from 15 bulbs from which 5 a. 10/3 b. 5 c. 25 d. 5/3
are defective. Find the probability that one light bulb drawn is defective. a. 1/256 b. 1/17 c. 1/21 d. 1/221
X 40
45 a
a. 1
91 M . D .= P1P2 = (5/42)(3/51) = 1/221

2 3 i=1
b. 1
25 M . D .= (|5|+|0|+|5|)
4 3
c. M . D .=10 /3 50. The probability of throwing at least 3 aces in 5 throws of a die.
15 a. 8/243 b. 23/648 c. 125/3888 d. 126/3888
20 C3 p3q2 + 5C4 p4q + p5 = 10(1/6)3(5/6)2 + 5(1/6)4(5/6) + (1/6)5 = 23/648
d. 5
91 46. Compute the standard deviation for {54, 57, 59, 59, 60, 61, 61, 62, 62,
62, 63, 64, 65, 65, 66, 66, 66, 66, 67, 67, 68, 68, 68, 68, 68, 69, 69, 69, 51. Find the probability of throwing at least 2 aces in 10 throws of a die
This is a case of hypergeometric probability distribution. 70, 71, 71, 72, 72, 73, 75, 75, 77, 79, 81, 83, 90} a. 0.484 b. 0.333 c. 0.515 d. 0.238
a. 50.41 b. 7.1 c. 68 d. 8.6
5 C 1 10 C 2 45 The probability of 0 or 1 aces is
=
15 C 3 91 1 (5/6)10 + 10(5/6)9(1/6) = 9762625/20155392
n! ave= ( 54 +57+59++ 90 )=68
w h ere nCr= 41 The probability of throwing at least 2 aces is
r ! ( nr ) ! 1 - 9762625/20155392 = 10389767/20155392 = 0.5154832513

41
1
= ( Xi68)2
41 i=1
52. Two cards are drawn at random from a standard deck of 52 cards.
What is the probability that both are hearts?
43. A point is selected at random inside a circle. Find the probability that a. 13/52 b. 1/17 c. 7/13 d. 7/26
the point is closer to the center than to its circumference. ( 5468 )2 + ( 5768 )2+ +(9068)2
a.
b. C (13,2)
P(two hearts) =
c. 1/3 C (52,2)
d. 1
= 13 !
For the circle given, draw a concentric circle with a radius half of the =7.1 11 ! 2 ! 78 1
radius of the given circle. A point that lies on the inner circle is closer to = =
the center of the original circle than to its circumference. 47. Meiko King travels 100 miles at the rate of 30 mph and then on a free 52 ! 1326 17
way travels the next 100 miles at the rate of 55 mph. What is her average 50 ! 2!
For the probability, we have: speed?
a. 38.8 mph b. 42.5 mph c. 45.2 mph d. 48.8 mph

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53. A collection of 15 transistors contains 3 that are defective. If 2
transistors are selected at random, what is the probability that at least 1 of King black black king black or king
them is good? 4/52 + 26/52 - 2/52 = 28/52 or 7/14
a. 1/35 b. 1/5 c. 34/35 d. 4/5
60. A committee of 5 people is to be selected from a group of 6 men and 7
women. What is the probability that the committee will have at least 3
C (3,2) men?
3 1
P (2 defective )= = = a. 59/143 b. 140/429 c. 84/145 d. 37/429
C (15,2) 105 35
P(at least 3 men) = P(3 men) + P(4 men) + (5 men)
Thus, the probability of selecting at least one good transistor is 1 -1/35 =
34/35
C ( 6,3 ) .C (7,2) C ( 6,4 ) . C(7,1) C ( 6,5 ) . C (7,0)
54. What are the odds of getting 2 ones in a single throw of a pair of dice?
+ +
a. 25 to 36 b. 35 to 36 c. 1 to 36 d. 1 to 35
C(13,5) C (13,5) C (13,5)
= 140/429 + 35/429 + 2/429 = 177/429 = 59/143
There are 6x6 or 36 possible outcomes when throwing two dice
61. Suppose that three dice are thrown at the same time. Find the
P(s) = 1/36 P(f) = 1 1/36 = 35/36
probability that at least one 4 will show.
a. 1/216 b. 91/216 c. 25/36 d. 1/12
Odds = P(s)/(P(f) = (1/36) / (35/36) = 1/35
P(at least one 4) = p43 + 3p42q4 + 3p4q42 + q43
= (1/6)3 + 3(1/6)2(5/6) + 3(1/6)(5/6)2
55. Find the probability of getting a sum of 7 on the first of two dice and a
=91/216
sum of 4 on the second throw.
a. 1/72 b. 1/6 c. 11/36 d. 6/36
62. Peggy guesses on all 10 questions on a true-false quiz. What is the
probability that exactly half of the answers are correct?
Let A be a sum of 7 on the first throw. Let B be a sum of 4 on the second
a. 1/2 b. 1/32 c. 1/8 d. 63/256
throw.
P(A) = 6/36 P(B) = 3/36
10.9 .8 .7 .6 1 5 1 5
P(A and B) = P(A).P(B) = (6/36)(3/36) = 1/72 C(10,5) T5F5 = ( ) ( ) =63/256
5.4 .3.2 .1 2 2
56. A new phone is being installed at the Steiner residence. Find the
probability that the final three digits in the telephone number will be even. 63. Find the median of the following set of data: {4,10,1,6}
a. 1/8 b. 1/4 c. 1/2 d. 3/8 a. 4 b. 10 c. 7 d. 5.25

P(any digit being even) = 5/10 or The median is the mean of the two middle values.
P(final three being even) = (1/2)(1/2)(1/2) = 1/8 {1, 4, 10, 61}
4 +10
57. There are 5 red, 3 blue, and 7 black marbles in a bag. Three marbles Thus, Md= =7
are chosen without replacement. Find the probability of selecting a red 2
one, then a blue one, and then a red one.
a. 2/91 b. 1/5 c. 2/225 d. 1/26 64. A pair of dice is thrown. Find the probability that their sum is greater
than 7 given that the numbers are match.
P(red, blue, and red) = (5/15)(3/14)(4/13) = 2/91 a. 6/36 b. 3/36 c. 1/2 d. 1/11
P(B) = 6/36 P(A and B) = 3/36
58. Find the probability of a sum of 6 or a sum of 9 on a single throw of P( AB) 3 /36 1
two dice. P(A/B) = = =
a. 1/4 b. 5/324 c. 5/9 d. 15/36 P( B) 6 /36 2
P(sum of 6) = 5/36 P(sum of 9) = 4/36
P(sum of 6 or sum of 9) = 5/36 + 4/36 = 9/36 = 1/4

## 59. What is the probability of drawing a king or a black card?

a. 15/25 b. 7/13 c. 1/2 d. 6/13