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Owners manual RICH

after sale service

Welcome to the growing family of new ParsKhodro owners. This vehicle has been delivered to you with
confidence. Your vehicle has been produced using the latest techniques and strict quality control.
This manual has been prepared to help you understand the operation and maintenance of your vehicle so
that you may enjoy many miles of driving pleasure. Please read through this manual before operating your
Separate “Warranty information” explain details about the warranties convering your vehicles.
Remember that your ParsKhodro dealer knows your vehicle best. When you require any service or have any
questions about your vehicle, he will be glad to assist you with the extensive resources available to him. This
manual is applicable to ZN1033U2N4, ZN1033UBN4,
Follow these four important driving rules to help ensure a Before driving your vehicle read your Owner’s Manual
safe and complete trip for you and your passengers! carefully. This will ensure familiarity with controls and
 NEVER drive under the influence of alcohol of maintenance requirements. Assisting you in the safe
drugs. operation of your vehicle.
 ALWAYS observe posted speed limits and never Throughout this manual we have used the symbol following
drive too fast for conditions. by the word warning. This is used indicate the presence of
 ALWAYS use your seat belts. hazard, which may cause the possibility of a personal injury
 ALWAYS provide information about the proper or other damage and must be followed precisely.
use of vehicle safety feature to all occupants of CAUTION. This is also used throughout the manual to
the vehicle. indicate the presence of a hazard that could cause possible
 Read the manual provides important safety minor injury to you or components and the procedures must
information. be followed carefully.
This manual include information for all options available on Please don’t alter the vehicle. Alteration may militate
this mode, therefore, you may find some information that against the features, safety and durability, doubtless, it may
does not apply to your vehicle. also contravene the rules of the government. Furthermore
(in addition), any damage and features problem that caused

by the altering,, ParsKhodro will not offer maintenance The manual only used to guide the driver use the vehicle. It
service. cannot be used as the legal basis.
All information, specifications and illustrations and
illustrations in this manual are those in effect at the time of
printing .ParsKhodro reserves the right to change
specifications or design without notice and without
In this manual you will see some different markings, their
meaning is as follows.
This means that they can cause serious personal injury. In
order to avoid or reduce the risk, you must comply with them. If you see this symbol appeared in the manual. That
Caution means please do not do it.
This is used to point out some of the possible risk of minor
damage to the vehicle or the person.

Welcome to join the alignment that driving the vehicle of ParsKhodro brand. you must read through this user manual to learn how to use this vehicle correctly. to serve you.PRECAUTIONS BE PAID ATTENTION IN USING DONGFENG BRAND VEHICLE This vehicle has been produced concentrating the latest techniques of Parskhodro. We believe you must be satisfied with your chose. each vehicle will be given a user manual. they will be glad vehicle. please ask the Technique Service Thanks for purchasing our ParsKhodro Center of ParsKhodro. For helping the driver to drive and maintenance. Before operating the vehicle. Having anything you don’t understand. 1 .

1. 2 . do not crank the pre-warmed until the water temperature engine for more than 20 seconds at a indicator needle begins to move. the engine must be 1) Be sure to pull the parking brake starter and battery. wait then can the vehicle be driven. (Neutral).and press the clutch pedal to 20 seconds before cranking again. about starting engine 2) In order to prolong the lives of the 3) In cold winter. If the engine does not start. only lever. In order to start a cold engine easily. to keep the choke in closed position when you crank the engine. the floor while cranking the engine. move the gearshift lever to “N” time.

engine’s using lives. 3 . vehicle in 1st gear. follow the speed recommended in this manual to change gear. When you start the the vehicle smoothly. and start 2nd gear.2 About driving economically 2) Forbid starting the vehicle in 3) In order to save fuel and prolong the 1) Connect the clutch slowly.

the ParsKhodro CO. and then shift apparently shorten the engine lives. stop your vehicle Don’t use other diesel oil. 4 . All drivers should pay attention: Every abort that caused by using other fuel which is not recommended or incorrect operating. braking 6) Reversing Seeing to the FUEL smoothly.4) About fuel 5) Accelerating smoothly. If you want shift the vehicle from RECOMMENDA-TION for suitable fuel. and turning smoothly. forward to reverse. for it may completely for a point. into reverse. will take no insurance.

function. 5 . braking distance will much longer. the fuel consumption. Without the engine brake. 9) Do not take anything that not pedal while driving. and it may cause danger. in the weight of vehicle and cause more case of emergency condition. This may cause While slipping the engine brake is out of necessary in the cargo.7) Do not rest your foot on the clutch 8) Do not coast with the engine stopped. It may add to clutch damage.

change the weight balance of the can be pulled to die.3 About braking The brake capability is corroborated During brake procedure. the brake vehicle. wheels. the vehicle’s Some drivers corroborate brake base on no other but brake force and center of gravity will move forward. the rear wheel trend to flat. But we and be pulled die earlier than the front know it is a completely wrong concept. If so. capability is good. this capability base on whether the wheels stability. 6 . or is bad.

So all the vehicles have a control valve While braking. 7 . use both foot and engine brake. in their braking system. depress the brake pedal 1) While going down a long slope. which prevent for several times may be economic. the rear wheels from pulled died earlier and the braking distance will be short than the fronts. too.

place suitable blocks at best braking effect. 8 . or the parking brake may be frozen and be hard to start the vehicle. vehicle with vacuum assisted the areas which temperature below brake.2) The braking system should be 3) If you are the first time to drive 4) When parking vehicle out room in maintained obey the manual. both the front and black of each wheel. pay attention to the brake pedal operating force to get the 0 C . set the gearshift lever in the 1st position. do not pull the parking brake lever.

the Fill the DOT4 high quality brake fluid 1) Check the battery fluid. the brake fluid should be Lightly pressing the brake pedal to is abnormally reduce. clutch brakes may get wet. check in the ParsKhodro Technique brakes. and coolant every day. 9 . oil. your braking effect may reduce. whose boiling point is higher than fluid. oil. Oil must be changed speed while lightly pressing the each 5. If there 190 ℃ . To dry changed periodically. come to have a check up the brake function. See to the user manual for detail. the same time. As a result. Gasoline engine must Do this until the brakes return to fill the SL or more senior specification normal. brake fluid. If it is not enough add it in time.000-km.5) When the vehicle is washed or 6) About brake fluid 4 about vehicle maintenance driven through deep water. change the oil filters at brake pedal to heat-up the brakes. drive the vehicle at a safe Service Center.

If it is loose.2) If the engine screech while starting 3) Adjust the idle to the stipulated 5 About air conditioner or accelerating. conditioner comes. please check the belt of speed. which is while a finger ParsKhodro Technique Service Center. adjust the belt to driving and max tractive force. can the vehicle get economic 1) When the season you may use air the fan. presses the center of the belt it can be to keep it works as normal! pressed down about 8 mm or so. go to check it in the such degree. 10 .

the season you do not use it. or it may even the air conditioner at list one time each worse cause losing cool function. So do not and the engine may overheating. and refills it. wash the condenser of the not enough. system exploding system lubricants circulate. turn on be careful not to overfill. you’d check whether the corroding and melting. power pick off the belt of the air conditioner in reducing become of adding burden to it.2) Check the refrigerant level if the air 3) For the sake of preventing the 4) After driving in rainy weather or on conditioner do not function cool. refrigerant has leaked. 11 . In the season air conditioner completely. but you do not use it even in winter. week to make the air conditioner compressor damage. If it is interior of the air conditioner from mud road.

6 Other precautions 2) Tire inflation pressure 3) Often waxing 1) Parking the vehicle out room in A bit high tire pressure can save fuel. heat the key before shortening the live of the absorber. to keep tier inflation pressure is keep the fresher. very important. and are easy through the key hole if the lock unsteadily and the tire wear away early. damaged. 12 . winter. According to mouth to protect the paintwork and up all. apply deicer or glycerin to it reduce the comfort. the cab being lacerated. to prevent a door lock from but much higher tire pressure may black and heavy blue colors are much freezing. and vehicle waxed at least one time a inserting it into the key hole. cause driving lithe than the white. The metal gloss paint surface of red. It is necessary to have your becomes frozen.

compressed air. especially vehicle. maintenance manual has pointed out to use salt. clean it periodically. wash the body and chassis electric system equipment. be careful not to splash the 1) Obey the stipulation that the after you back from seaside or the road water to the distributor. especially do not forget to clean the water under distributor cover. 13 . If you have have your vehicle maintained immediately. areas of high temperature.4) Protecting against corrosion 5) When cleaning the under hood of the 7 For the sake of long period using Wash your vehicle often. most and use dry clothes or blow it use unventilatory. winding etc. Do not park your vehicle in splashed water to these parts.

2) About original parts Best wish you driving safely. 14 . So ParsKhodro vehicle must use the original parts. The original parts have been proved to be measure up through the exacting verification of ParsKhodro Automobile Co.

Instruments and controls 1 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2 Heater. air conditioner and audio system 3 Contents Starting and driving 4 In case of emergency 5 Appearance and interior care 6 Maintenance and Do-it-yourself 7 .

Mainternance schedule 8 Technical information 9 Index 10 .

................................... 1-4 HAZARD WARNING FLASHER SWITCH 1-12 TACHOMETER .................. 1-11 SPEEDOMETER AND ODOMETER ......................... 1-10 Instruments and controls 1-1 ........................ DIMMER AND TURN SIGHAL METERS AND GAUGES ........................................... WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER OBD(IF SO EQUIPPED) ............................ 1-16 SWITCH ......................................................................... 1-13 ....... 1-3 SWITCH.....................Error! Bookmark not defined..................................... 1-14 FUEL GAUGE ...................... 1-2 HEAD LIGHT................... INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS INSTRUMENT PANEL ....................... 1-4 CIGARETTE LIGHTER AND ASH TRAYS 1-13 ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE POWER WINDOW .................. 1-5 INSPECTION LIGHT (IF SO EQUIPPED) 1-15 WARNING/IDICATOR LIGHTS AND AUDIBLE REAR FOG LIGHT SWITCH (IF SO REMINDERS......................................1.................................. 1-6 EQUIPPED) ..... 1-5 INTERIOR LIGHT ..................

INSTRUMENT PANEL 1-2 Instruments and controls .

warning/indicator light 7.METERS AND GAUGES 1. odometer/meter odometer Instruments and controls 1-3 . engine coolant temperature gauge 6. reset knob 2. tachometer 5. Fuel gauge 8. AT shift indicator(automatic 3. turn signal/warning/indicator light transmission models) 4. speedometer 9.

Odometer/twin trip odometer the display as follows: The odometer records the total ODO→TRIP A→TRIP B→ODO Caution distance the vehicle has been Resetting the trip odometer When engine speed driven. Operating the distance of individual trips. 1-4 Instruments and controls . odometer to zero. engine in the red zone may cause serious engine damage. Push the reset knob to change minute(r/min). Push the reset knob for more approaches the red zone. shift The trip odometer records the than 1 second to reset the trip to a higher gear.SPEEDOMETER AND TACHOMETER ODOMETER Red zone Don’t run engine into red zone The tachometer indicates engine The speedometer indicates Changing the display speed in revolutions per vehicle speed.

temperature and driving emergency” section for immediate action required. even when the nears the hot end of the cap to avoid the danger of ignition key is turned “OFF”. normal range. Caution Warning The gauge needle is designed to When towing a trailer or Allow the engine to cool remain in approximately the driving uphill. The gauge indicates the The gauge indicates the engine APPROXIMATE fuel level in the coolant temperature. ● If the gauge indicates over the normal range. continued operation of the vehicle may seriously damage tank. if the needle before removing the radiator same position. reduce the being scaled. It is TEMPERATURE GAUGE recommended to use the 2nd gears under speeds of 15 km/h . The engine coolant temperature the engine.ENGINE COOLANT the engine coolant FUEL GAUGE temperature.use the 3rd gears under speeds of 30 km/h respectively. See “In case of The gauge may move slightly will vary with the outside air during braking. or going up or conditions. acceleration. down hill. turning. stop the vehicle as soon as safely possible. Instruments and controls 1-5 . ● If the engine is overheated. vehicle speed as soon as Caution safely possible to decrease Refill the fuel tank before the gauge registers empty.

stop the may indicate a burned-out or an Brake warning light vehicle and perform the open circuit in the electrical This light functions for both the following: system. If the light comes on while the If any light fails to come on. . Add repaired promptly.WARNING/IDICATOR LIGHTS AND AUDIBLE REMINDERS Rear fog light indicator light (If so Turn shgnal/hazard indicator lights Charge warning light equipped) Brake warning light Oil pressure warning light Fault Indicator light Fuel warning light High beam indicator light (blue) Air bag warning light Anti-lock brake warning light(if so 4-wheel drive indicator light Seat belt warning lights equipped) (4×4model) Alarm lamp door open Engine fault alarm lamp Overspeed alarm lamp Checking the alarm lamp Parking brake indicator Apply the parking brake and turn The light comes on when the the ignition key to “ON” without Turn signal/hazard parking brake is applied. . it switch is turned on. 1-6 Instruments and controls . . starting the engine. signal switch lever or hazard . See systems. brake fluid as necessary. Have the system parking brake and the foot brake Check the brake fluid level. engine is running. The following indicator lights The light warns of a low brake lights will come on: The light flashes when the turn fluid level.

Caution safe. for driving it pull off the road in a safe area. towed it. missing or if the Let Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer Oil pressure warning light remains on. Do not continue driving if the could be dangerous. Warning Charge warning light If the level is blow the If the light comes on while the MINMUM mark on the brake engine is running. This light comes on when the do-it-yourself” section. The not designed to indicate a low oil air bag warning light will turn off level. fuel tank is almost empty. alternator belt. it may indicate Rear fog light indicator fluid reservoir. If the belt is If the brake fluid level is correct: loose. broken or ● Press the brake pedal with call a Zhengzhou NISSAN missing. See “Engine oil” in “Do-it-yourself operations” Fuel warning light the “Maintenance and section. Turn the The light comes on when the been checked at a Zhengzhou engine off and check the rear fog light switch is turned on. Use the dipstick to check Instruments and controls 1-7 . Refuel at the nearest gas station. pedal effort as well as pedal the ON position.“Brake and clutch fluid” in the the oil level. the air bag The oil pressure warning light is travel. light Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer This light warns of low engine oil immediately. see your check the warning system. warning light will illuminate. If the light flickers or ● Although you judge it to be comes on during normal driving. do not drive the charging system is not light (If so equipped) until the brake system has functioning properly. broken. Warning pressure. stop the engine immediately and belt is loose. NISSAN dealer. dealer or other authorized repair the engine stopped and / or shop. Running the engine with Air bag warning light(if low brake fluid level could increase your stopping the oil pressure warning light on so equipped) could causes serious damage to distance and require greater After turning the ignition key to the engine.

service as soon as possible. it may indicate The air bag warning light does is still driveable. malfunction. it does seat belt) may not function operation without having the not indicate a system properly. Have the Unless checked and repaired. the light will NISSAN dealer. the anti-lock function will adjustments” section. Although the vehicle engine is running. Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer for functioning properly. occur. contact your light (Blue) control system may lead to dealer for repair. the ON position. see the and repaired as necessary could If an abnormality occurs in the “Pre-driving checks and lead to poor driveability. engine is running. the air bag (and pre-tensioner seat belt. goes out when the low beams regulations. in the Fault Indicator light Anti-lock brake warning case of needs servicing and This light functions for the light the vehicle must be taken to your engine control malfunction After turning the ignition key to nearest authorized Zhengzhou indicator. reduced system. Malfunction indicator light illuminate.after about 7 seconds if the headlight high beam is on. see your the anti-lock brake system is not not come on at all.7 second if the system is seconds. it may indicate operational. on the Air Bag System. system. fuel economy. The air bag warning light flashes a potential engine control If the light comes on while the intermittently. If any of the following conditions are selected. This light comes on when the non-compliance of local and 1-8 Instruments and controls . and possible cease but the ordinary brakes damage to the engine control will continue to operate normally. You system checked by your dealer. For additional details engine control system checked malfunction. The anti-lock brake The air bag warning light function for engine control: warning light will turn off after remains on after approximately 7 If this light comes on while the about 1. the supplemental restraint do not need to have your vehicle However if the light illuminates system (and/or the pre-tensioner towed to the dealer. ● If the light comes on while High beam indicator Incorrect setting of the engine you are driving. and national emission laws and system is operational. Continued while starting the engine.

the 2-wheel drive is control. although alarm lights went out. maintenance as soon as Seat belt warning lights possible. the alarm lamp lights up. you to close the door. Ensure safety and either cars can continue to drive. If you to fasten your seat belt. also accelerate. Warning light is used to remind transfer shift control switch is in Overspeed alarm lamp the “4H” or “4L” position. any door is not when the switch is in the “4H” closed. when the This lamp is used to remind For the ELEC. light comes on (For more details.the Light will control problem. green indicator light than the current system setting comes on. vehicle starts. Don't let your car was Warning light is used to remind towed to the depot for failure. If the light light turns up saying there is the alarm lamp lights up. Whenever the ignition key is not check and repair the engine located in the "ON". Transfer vehicles. not selected. At this point. when the switch is in Engine fault alarm lamp speed limit (120 km/h). yellow indicator When the engine running. and cause damage to light Alarm lamp door open This light comes on when the the engine control system. reduce fuel 4-wheel drive indicator economy. “4H” to “2H”. performance. users of not overspeeding more position. the speed is greater than this value. decelerate or back please going to the zhengzhou up the vehicle to change to nissan service network 2-wheel drive. continuing to being on until the driver wearing drive will lead to bad a seat belt. Instruments and controls 1-9 . when remains on when shifting from potential problem of engine the speed is less than 118 km/h. when the “4L” position. see Character 4).

WASHER SWITCH In freezing temperatures the
washer solution may freeze on
the windshield and obscure
your vision. Warm windshield
with the defroster before you
wash the windshield.

Turn the ignition switch to ”ACC”
or “ON” and push the lever down
to operate the wiper.
Pull the lever toward you to
operate the washer.
● Do not operate the washer
continuously for more than 30
● Do not operate the washer
if the reservoir tank is dry.

1-10 Instruments and controls

HEAD LIGHT, DIMMER the other lights remain on.
To select the high beam, push
AND TURN SIGHAL the lever forward. Pull it back to
SWITCH select the low beam.
The buzzer will alarm if you
select the high beam and the
driver’s side door isn’t locked
well. Don’t worry, please turn off
the high beam or lock the
driver’s side door well to turn off
the alarm.
Passing signal
Pulling the lever forward you will
turn on the passing signal even
when the headlight switch is off.

Turn signal light
Move the lever or down to signal
to the turning direction. When
the turn is completed, the turn
Lighting signals conceal automatically.
Turn the switch to the Lane change signal
“ ”position: To indicate a lane change, move
The clearance, tall, license plate the lever up or down to the point
and instrument lights will come where lights begin flashing.
Turn the switch to “ ”position:
Headlights will come on and all

Instruments and controls 1-11

FRONT/REAR FOG LIGHT the off headlight functions is
SWITCH (IF SO ● Be sure to park the vehicle
The rear fog light should be used
EQUIPPED) only when visibility is seriously down the road in case of
reduced. emergency condition.
Do not use the switch while
HAZARD WARNING moving on the highway unless
FLASHER SWITCH unusual circumstances force
you to drive so slowly that
your vehicle might become a
hazard to other traffic.
● Some state laws may
prohibit the use of the hazard
warning flasher switch while
● Turn signal does not work
when the hazard warning
To turn the front fog lights on, flasher switch is operating.
turn the switch to the “ ” The flasher can be actuated with
position. the ignition switch either off or
To turn the front and rear fog Push the switch on to warn other on.
lights on, turn the switch to the drivers when you must stop or
“ ” position. park under emergency
To turn them off, turn the switch conditions. All turn signal lights
to the OFF position. will flash.
The low-beam headlight function
must be on for the fog lights to
operate. The fog lights
automatically turn off whenever

1-12 Instruments and controls

it will (driver side switches) will open spring out. passenger has his/her hands. push down given to the driving operation. ● When the lock switch is activate switches. ● Make sure that the when the ignition switch is To open or close the window. inside the vehicle before Push the lighter in all the way. ● Do not leave children or close all the window. The main switch closing the windows. and hold it. Instruments and controls 1-13 . Push it again to or close the window. Caution pushed in. When the lighter is heated. push down or pull up the switch etc. the passenger side The passenger side switch will The cigarette lighter should window (except the driver’s open or close only the not be used while driving in window) can’t be opened or corresponding window. cancel. in ”ACC” or ”ON”. To open order that full attention may be closed. Replace the lighter in its original Locking passenger’s window unattended inside the vehicle. They could unknowingly position after use.CIGARETTE LIGHTER POWER WINDOW AND ASH TRAYS Cigarette lighter The power window operates Warning The cigarette lighter operates when the ignition key is “ON”.

INTERIOR LIGHT Automatic operation The interior light has a To fully open or close the driver’s three-position switch. 1-14 Instruments and controls . opposite side. completely push ● When the light is in the “O” down or pull up the switch and or “DOOR” position.or pull up the switch and hold it. side window.. ● When the switch is in the “ON” position. whether any door is open or closed. the release it. it need not be held. To ● When the switch is in the stop the window. interior light will illuminate by The window will automatically opening the doors. the interior light will illuminate. the interior push down the switch on the light will not illuminate. regardless of door position. just pull up or “OFF” position. open or close all the way.

Caution INSPECTION LIGHT (IF SO Do not use for extended EQUIPPED) periods of time with the engine stopped. Insert the inspection light terminal into the cigarette lighter socket and turn the ignition switch to “ACC” or “ON”. Instruments and controls 1-15 .

The icon is .OBD(IF SO EQUIPPED) can drive. ③. emission that cause the emission level overrun the restrict of law. Go to the Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer for a check as soon as possible although the vehicle 1-16 Instruments and controls . avoid driving at a speed above 70km/h. to reduce or avoid the damage to the engine ECU system: ①. avoid driving ramp. Avoid unnecessary load. ②. While the MI light is lighting continually or flashing. OBD is the abbreviation of Caution On-Board Diagnostics 。 When Must use unleaded gasoline of there is a failure of the control above 87 octants (RON) for system or parts in relation to you vehicle. the MI light will be lighting also. the MI light will be lighting. avoid accelerate or decelerate suddenly. ④. When there is a failure of the circuit in relation to emission which is connected to the ECU.

.......................... 2-13 HOOD RELEASE ......... 2-3 AIR BAG WARNING LIGHT ......................................................2........... 2-18 TAILGATE LATCH ...................................................... 2-19 REVERSING RADAR (IF SO EQUIPPED) ........... 2-6 REARVIEW MIRROR ................................... PRE-DRIVING CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENTS DOOR LOCKS....... 2-4 SEAT BELTS ........................ 2-2 AIR BAG WARNING LABEL ...................................... 2-5 TILTING STEERING WHEEL............................................ 2-13 GLOVE BOX ... 2-20 (MODELS EQUIPPED WITH DRIVER AND FRONT PASSENGER AIR BAGS) ............................................................ 2-6 OUTSIDE MIRROR ................... 2-8 REMOTE KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM(IF SO SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM EQUIPPED) ............................. 2-19 FASTEN HOOK .. 2-15 FUEL FILLER LID AND CAP .................................................................................................... 2-4 PARKING BRAKE LEVER ............................ 2-19 SEATS ..................................... 2-10 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-1 ...........................................

be sure not to leave the key inside the vehicle. turn the key Driver’s door and copilot’s unattended in a locked vehicle. move the inside lock knob to the “LOCK” position. then close the door. it will To unlock. outside without a key. front. 2-2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . always look for and avoid oncoming traffic. turn it towards the door The door can’t be locked from the be difficult to help them.DOOR LOCKS Other doors To lock from the outside without a key. If an emergency occurs. This is to prevent the door lock from accidentally being locked with the key inside the vehicle. towards the back of the vehicle. Locking front doors with key Locking the door without key ● Do not leave children To lock the doors. ● Before opening the door. Using the remote keyless entry system can lock or unlock all doors at one time. Warning ● When locking the door without a key.

3, Insert the assist bar into the Pulling the lock knob up will slot i in the front edge of the unlock all doors. hood securely closed. prevent it from opening while Turning the driver side door key 2, Raise the lever at the front of driving. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-3 . then slowly close the hood and make sure it locks into place. Operating the lock-unlock switch 4, When closing the hood. the hood with your fingertips and only ever be operated with the Pushing the driver’s inside lock raise the hood. then spring up slightly. HOOD RELEASE Power door lock 1, Pull the hood lock release Warning The power door lock system handle located below the Always check that the hood is allows you to lock or unlock all instrument panel. reset will lock or unlock all doors except the assist bar to its original the drive side door. position. hood. the hood will closed and locked securely to doors simultaneously. knob down will lock all doors. The vehicle should will lock or unlock all doors.

to prevent fuel from spraying out and possible personal injury.GLOVE BOX FUEL FILLER LID AND CAP Caution ● Gasoline is extremely flammable and highly explosive under certain conditions. The fuel filler cap is a screw-on ratcheting type. close it and result in a serious malfunction turn the keys counterclockwise. The cap will lock automatically. To lock. turn the system. Turn the cap one-half turn and wait for any “hissing” sound to stop. cap as a replacement. Tighten the cap clockwise until ratcheting clicks are heard. Always stop engine and do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks near the vehicle when refueling. ● Fuel may be under pressure. An incorrect cap can clockwise. 2-4 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . and possible injury. Warning Keep glove box lid closed while ● Use only a genuine driving to prevent injury in an Zhengzhou NISSAN fuel filler accident or sudden stop. It has a built-in safety valve needed for proper operation of the fuel system and emission control To open the fuel filler lid.

pull the tailgate handle and lower the tailgate. ● When closing the tailgate.TAILGATE LATCH ● The weight of the cargo load must be evenly distributed over both the front and the rear axles. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-5 . make sure that the latches are securely locked. The support stays/chains will hold the gate open. To open the tailgate. ● All cargo should be securely fastened with ropes or straps to prevent it from shifting or sliding within the vehicle.

detectors is broken and three rings mean all.FASTEN HOOK REVERSING RADAR (IF SO EQUIPPED) Warning All cargo should be securely Reversing radar system begins fastened with ropes or straps to to check itself as you move the prevent it from shifting or sliding gearshift leave to the “R”.but it hook at each corner of the cab. Two or stopping could lead to personal rings mean that one of the injury. Abrupt braking problem. If no within the vehicle.You ● The weight of the cargo should stop the vehicle and load must be evenly distributed check outside. rings all long under 30cm. straps to prevent it from ● It may result in some shifting or sliding within the misguider attributed to the vehicle. it works in normal. there’s a if less than 50cm. ● The velocity should be ● All cargo should be under 5km/h when reversing securely fastened with ropes or the vehicle. misguider may occur under the condition of 2-6 Pre-driving checks and adjustments .briefly. If the distance is less than 90cm. ● Especially. position. background and so on. over both the front and the rear Caution begin to ring slowly and For expediently using.

Be ● Things like snow. like metal. ● Things hang on the detector.(except for mobile. ● The obstruction is the things like cone. ● Driving in the brushwood or mountain. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-7 . cotton careful. the system of sound ) These condition as follows cause the misguider ● Thin things like wire netting. when it rings all the time. ultrasonic and so on. ● Some sounds have the same frequency as the detector. ● Some communication equipment may influence the detector .reversing on the ramp. rope and so on. and so on absorbing sound ● Please stop the vehicle wave.

SEATS Warning The seatback should not be reclined any more than needed for comfort. check to Pull the lever up and lean back be sure that the seat is until the desired angle is obtained. securely locked. 2-8 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . cause loss of control of the vehicle. the risk of sliding under the lap belt and being injured is in increased. Seat belts are the most effective when the passenger sits well back and straight up in the seat. The seat back will move forward automatically. seat while driving. If the seat is reclined. Pull the lever and move your body forward. To bring the seat back forward again. This seat Release the lever to lock the seat moves suddenly and could in position. Seat Adjustment 1, Forward and backward Pull the lever up and hold it while Warning you slide the seat forward or ● Do not adjust the driver’s backward to the desired position. 2, Reclining(Except for bench) ● After adjustment.

up. push the lock knob and push the head restrain down. make sure that it is adjustment. To lower.Recline rear seat Head restraints The rear seat can be folded Adjust the top of the head forward to get the lifting jack and restraints even with the top of so on easily. your ears. just pull it forward to fold it down. Pull the strap up and push back To raise the restraint. Warning Head restraints should as adjusted properly as they may provide significant protection against whiplash injury. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-9 . After adjustment. make sure that it is securely locked.

The air bag is designed to supplement the crash protection provided by the driver seat belt and is not a substitute for it. RESTRAINT SYSTEM (Models equipped with driver and front passenger air bags) This Supplemental Restraint System section contains important information concerning the driver and passenger air bags. (See “Seat belts” for instructions and precautions on seat belt usage. The seat belts should always be correctly worn and the driver seated a suitable distance from the steering wheel.) The air bag works when the ignition key is on the “on” or 2-10 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . The Supplemental Restraint System Air Bag can help reduce impact force to the driver in certain frontal collisions.SUPPLEMENTAL “start” position .

but care ● The seat belts and the air should be taken not to bag are most effective when intentionally inhale it. rear impact. Air bag air bag. helps to cushion the impact are unrestrained. forward. does not indicate a fire. Air Bag System The driver air bag is located in the center of the steering wheel. so always wear your loud noise may be heard. If you belts. a fairly collision. although it may inflate if ● The air bag ordinarily will the forces in another type of not inflate in the event of a side collision are similar to those of a impact. roll over. risk or severity of injury in This smoke is not harmful and various kinds of accidents. The air bag system is designed to inflate in higher severity frontal Warning collisions. higher severity frontal impact. leaning force on the face and chest of the Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-11 . seat belts to help reduce the followed by release of smoke. sitting sideways or out of position in any way. as it may you are sitting back and cause irritation and choking. The upright in the seat. you are at greater risk of injury or death in a crash and may also receive serious or fatal injuries from the air bag if you are up against it when it inflates. along with the use of seat inflates with great force. or lower severity frontal When the air bag inflates.

Do Work around and on the air bag from the steering wheel. the dealer. After turning the ignition key to ● Tampering with the air bag the “ON” position. authorized Zhengzhou NISSAN help protect the occupant.occupant. ● No unauthorized changes force of the air bag inflating can should be made to any increase the risk of injury if the components or wiring of the air occupant is too close to or is bag system. The personal injury. WARNING and cause injury if the air bag The seat belts should be correctly ● Right after inflation. Objects attached to the steering wheel pad may become dangerous projectiles 2-12 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . ● Do not attach any objects to the steering wheel pad. The air bag will deflate bag or damage to the air bag quickly after a collision. you may system should be done by an air bag inflates quickly in order to severely burn yourself. material over the steering wheel pad or by installing additional trim material around the air bag system. Since the ● not touch them. the air bag system may result in serious warning light illuminates. This is to prevent against the air bag module during accidental inflation of the air inflation. worn and the driver seated several air bag system upright as far as practical away components will be hot. system. Tampering air bag warning light will turn includes changes to the off after about 7 seconds if the steering wheel by placing system is operational. inflates.

AIR BAG WARNING LABEL AIR BAG WARNING LIGHT system is operational. the air bag and side air system are placed in the vehicle. warning light will illuminate. flashes intermittently. Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer: The circuits monitored by the air ● The air bag warning light bag warning light are all sensors. occurs. remains on after approximately air bag modules and all related 7 seconds. the air bag does not come on at all. air bag warning light will turn off the Supplemental Restraint after about 7 seconds if the Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-13 . wiring (and pre-tensioner seat belt ● The air bag warning light — Type B). The ● Under these conditions. If any of the following conditions Warning labels about the air bag The air bag warning light. monitors the seat belt — Type B) needs circuits of the front and side (if so servicing and should be taken to equipped) air bag systems (and your nearest authorized pre-tensioner seat belt — Type B). After turning the ignition key to ● The air bag warning light the ON position. displaying or in the bag systems (and pretensioner instrument panel.

the air bag module will Repair and replacement not function again and must be procedure replaced. It Incorrect disposal procedures ● Once the air bag has must be checked and repaired. Repair and there is any damage to the replacement of the air bag system front end portion of the vehicle. could cause personal injury. authorized Zhengzhou NISSAN we request that you inform the dealers.System Air Bag (and/or vehicle. The contact an authorized ignition key should always be in Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer. the air appropriate sections in this bag systems and related parts Owner’s Manual. buyer about the air bag system When maintenance work is and guide the buyer to the required on the vehicle. inflated. As a cannot be repaired. unless it is damaged. the LOCK position when working Correct air bag disposal under the hood or inside the procedures are set forth in the 2-14 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . should be done only by ● When selling your vehicle. reminder. The air bag module one-time-only basis. conducting the maintenance. appropriate Zhengzhou pre-tensioner seat belt — Type NISSAN Service Manual. side air bags should be replaced by an and pretensioner seat belt are authorized Zhengzhou NISSAN designed to inflate on a dealer. Warning B) will not operate properly. ● The air bag system should the air bag warning light will be inspected by an authorized remain illuminated after inflation Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer if has occurred. and pre-tensioner seat belt should ● If you need to dispose of be pointed out to the person an air bag or scrap the vehicle. The air bag module The front air bags.

as applicable. ● It is essential to replace the either damage or improper ● No modifications or entire assembly after it has operation is noted. occupant. carried on the occupant’s lap. contaminated during a collision should also can occur if seat belt is not or damaged. Precautions on seat belt usage adjusting devices from ● Belts should not be worn Zhengzhou NISSAN strongly operating to remove slack. oils and assemblies in use during a low across the front of the chemicals. be inspected and replaced if worn properly. injury may be greatly reduce if consistent with comfort. and should be worn avoid contamination of the recommends that all seat belt webbing with polishes. The belt continue to operate properly. and particularly collision be replaced unless the pelvis. belt across the abdominal area should be replaced if webbing Seat belt assemblies not in use must be avoided. ● Seat belts are designed to wearer. to ● All seat belt assemblies you are wearing your seat belt pro-vide the protection for including retractors and and it is properly adjusted. Serious injury becomes frayed. or with straps twisted. additions should be made been worn in a severe impact Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-15 . or the pelvis. Cleaning may collision was minor and the shoulders. encourages you and all of your prevent the seat belt assembly ● Each seat belt assembly passengers to buckle up every from being adjust to remove must only be used by one time you drive.SEAT BELTS ● by the user which will even if damage to the assembly either prevent the seat belt is not obvious. wearing the lap section of the safely be carried out using mild belts show no damage and soap and water. it is dangerous to Your chances of being injured in ● Seat belts should be put a belt around a child being an accident and the severity of adjusted as firmly as possible. which they have been designed. slack. attaching hardware should be Warning A slack belt will greatly reduce inspected after any collision at the protection afforded to the your Zhengzhou NISSAN dealer. chest and battery acid. Care should be taken to Zhengzhou NISSAN bear upon the bony structure of the body.

Zhengzhou NISSAN recommends that injured persons use seat belts. Contact your doctor for components such as buckles. the entire belt assembly Injured persons should be replaced. cuts or the hips. Zhengzhou NISSAN recommends Periodically check to see that the that pregnant women use seat seat belt and the metal belts. Seat belts Then brush it. the seat belts may retract slowly. flexible wires lap belt should be worn snug and and anchors work properly. The tongues. Fastening The Belts SEAT BELT MAINTENANCE 1, Adjust the seat To clean the seat belt webbings. depending on the injury. Wipe the shoulder belt guide with 2-16 Pre-driving checks and adjustments . retractors. dry cloth. not the waist. dry. other damage on the webbing is found. wipe with a cloth are most effective when the and allow it to dry in the shade. needed for comfort. specific recommendations. increased.Pregnant women a clean. deterioration. passenger sits well back and Do not allow the seat belts to straight up in the seat. retract until they are completely ● If the seatback is reclined. Check with your doctor for 3-Point Type With Retractor specific recommendations. Warning apply a mild soap solution or any ● The seatback should not solution recommended for be reclined any more than cleaning upholstery or carpets. If positioned as low possible around loose parts. the risk of sliding under the lap If dirt builds up in the shoulder belt and being injured is belt guide of the seat belt anchors.

A slow pulling 2, When the vehicle slows down motion will permit the belt to rapidly. check the operation seat. Unfastening the belts To unfasten the belt. It must not rest against the neck. The retractor should lock and 4, Pull the shoulder belt portion restrict further belt movement. ● Make sure that the seat belt is not twisted in any way. press the button on the buckle. move. toward the retractor to take up 2-Point Type Without Retractor If the retractor does not lock extra slack. buckle until it snaps. The seat belt will automatically retract. NISSAN dealer. during these checks or if you (If So Equipped) Warning have any question about belt Fastening the belts ● The seat belt should rest operation see your Zhengzhou 1, Insert the tongue into the on the middle of the shoulder. on impact.2, Slowly pull the seat belt out Checking seat belt operation of the retractor and insert the Your seat belt retractors are tongue into the buckle until it designed to lock belt movement snaps. low on the hips as shown. as follows: Grasp the shoulder 3, Position the lap belt portion belt and pull quickly forward. by two separate methods: The retractor is designed to 1, When the belt is pulled lock during a sudden stop or quickly from the retractor. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-17 . and allow you some To increase your confidence in freedom of movement in the the belts.

To unfasten the belt. push the button and lower tongue then pull the belt clip to Unfastening the belts completely. PARKING BRAKE LEVER 2, To lengthen. be take up the slack. To shorten. Before driving. press the sure the parking brake warning button on the buckle. Fasten the seat belts when not in light goes out. at a right angle to the belt and pull 3, Position the lap belt low on To release: pull the lever up on the belt. pull the the hips as illustrated. use to prevent them from being caught in the door. free end of the belt away from the slightly. hold the tongue To apply : pull the lever up. 2-18 Pre-driving checks and adjustments .


Push the lever down and adjust
the steering wheel up or down to The night position will reduce
the desired position. Push the Remote control type
Push the right or left end of the glare from the headlights of
lock lever up securely to lock the vehicles behind you at night.
steering wheel in place. switch to adjust the right or left
side mirror, then control the lever. Caution
Warning Use the night position only
Do not adjust the steering Warning
Check the position of all when necessary, because it
wheel while driving. reduce rear view clarity.
mirrors before driving. Altering
position while driving could
distract your attention from the
driving operation.

Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-19

REMOTE KEYLESS ENTRY As many as four key fobs can be unauthorized use to unlock the
used with one vehicle. For more vehicle. For information regarding
SYSTEM(IF SO EQUIPPED) information concerning the the erasing procedure, please
purchase and use of addition key contact your Zhengzhou NISSAN
fobs, contact your Zhengzhou dealer.
NISSAN dealer. Locking door
The key fob will not function 1. Remove the ignition key.
when: 2. Close all of the doors.
 The battery in the key fob is 3. Push the LOCK button on the
dead. key fob.
 The distance between the 4. The hazard indicators flash
key fob and vehicle is more than twice, all of doors will lock.
8m. 5. If you lock the doors with any
door unclosed well, the hazard
indicators will flash three times,
● Do not allow the key fob to please close the door well and
With the remote keyless entry be wet. then lock it with the key fob.
system you could lock/unlock all ● Do not drop the key fob. Although door locking with carob
doors, active the panic alarm and ● Do not strike the key fob can be confirmed by looking at
find the car from outside the car. sharply to another object. the hazard indicator, always
Be sure to remove the key from
● Do not place the key fob check to be sure that the doors
the vehicle before locking the
for an extended period in an are properly before leaving your
doors and leaving it.
area where temperature exceed vehicle.
60 0 C (140 0 F ) . Unlocking door
1. Push the UNLOCK button on
If a key fob is stolen, Zhengzhou the key fob.
NISSAN recommends erasing the 2. The hazard indicators flash
ID code of that key fob. This will once and unlock all doors.
prevent the key fob from

2-20 Pre-driving checks and adjustments

Finding car door, please use the remote
1. Push the TRUNK button on keyless entry system to all doors.
the key fob, the hazard indicators
will flash for 15S to remind the
vehicle owner.
2. Push the TRUNK button
again to cancel reminding.
In any case, push the PANIC
button on the key fob, the horn
will tweet loudly and the hazard
indicators will flash at the same
time, all these will be turned off by
themselves after 25S, if you push
the PANIC button in 25S again it
will turn them off also.
Auto lock
After locking doors well, it will be
locked automatically if there is no
operation of opening door or
operating ignition key in 25S
when the door is opened by
pushing the “UNLOCK” button
haphazard, then the hazard
indicators flash once.
If you use the key to lock doors, it
only can lock the driver’s side

Pre-driving checks and adjustments 2-21

3-7 HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONER.. AIR CONDITIONER AND AUDIO SYSTEM CENTER AND SIDE VENTS ... HEATER.. 3-2 AIR CONDITIONER OPERATION (IF SO EQUIPPED) .......................................... air conditioner and audio system 1 ........ 3-5 Heater.........................3......... 3-2 AUDIO SYSTEM ........................................

air conditioner and audio system . — Air flows from center and side ventilators. CONTROLS Fan control lever/dial This lever/dial turns the fan on and off. — Air flows from center and side ventilators and foot outlets. 2 Heater. and adjust the air flow direction of the ventilators. and controls fan speed.CENTER AND SIDE VENTS HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONER Open or close (if so equipped). Air flow control lever/dial This lever/dial allows you to select the air flow outlets.

— Air flows mainly from foot the on position when driving on a conditioning controls should outlets. Interior air is recirculated inside function operates only when 1. position for normal heating . Move the temperature control or air conditioner operation. Air conditioner button (If so 1. the engine is running. in fumes. periods of time because it may Heating Temperature control lever/dial cause the interior air to become This mode is used to direct hot air This lever/dial allows you to adjust stuffy and the windows to fog up. Outside air is drawn into the control lever/dial to the desired (1 3. move the fan to the position. from the floor outlets. push the switch again Ventilation position/ button on to return it to the original position. To stop the air and the “HOT” position. WARNING: — Air flows mainly from Do not use in this position for long HEATER OPERATION defroster outlets. Turn on the fan control passenger compartment. The indicator light lever/dial to the desired If dust is not raised in front of the will come on when the air position between the middle vehicle. prevent dust entry. outlets and foot outlets. Use this position for normal heater. air conditioner and audio system 3 . position/ button off 2. conditioner. air conditioner. dust raised road or to avoid traffic not be done while driving. or push Air intake lever/Air recirculation This button is provided only for the” ” button to the off button vehicles with an air conditioner. Move the air control lever/dial position (Indicator goes out) Start the engine. This mode directs outside air from position (Indicator comes on) The air conditioner cooling the side and center vents. order that full attention may be — Air flows from defroster given to the driving operation. to 4) position and push the air lever/dial. this position is effective to conditioner is on. Move the air intake lever to (Except models without heater) equipped) the” ” position. conditioner button to turn on the 4. the” ” position. the temperature of the outlet air. Move the air intake lever to the vehicle. position/push the” ” button to Heater. or push WARNING: the” ” button to the off Move the air intake lever to this Positioning of the heating or air position.

defrost/defog the windows. Move the air control lever/dial wiper blade and air inlet in front lever/dial to the desired of the windshield. 5. Move the air intake lever to 3. This will position. to the” ”position. Turn on the fan control 1. 4. Move the temperature control the” ” button to the off lever/dial to the desired position.2. air conditioner and audio system . Turn on the fan control the” ” position. Turn on the fan control operation. Move the air control lever/dial from the floor outlets. Move the air intake lever to temperature control lever/dial the” ” position. to the” ”position. Move the air control lever/dial This mode heats the interior and to the” ” position. Turn on the fan control button. 4. The indicator light will lever/dial. or push to the midpoint between the” ” button to the off "HOT" and "COLD". 3. 2. Move the temperature control position. 4 Heater. or push 4. improve heater and defroster Defrosting or defogging 3. Normally move the 1. Heating and defrosting 2. position. the” ” button to the off Clear snow and ice from the 4. 1. Move the air intake lever to lever/dial. This mode is used to lever/dial. defogs the windshield. Move the temperature control Bi-level heating lever/dial to the desired This mode directs outside air from position between the middle side and center vents and hot air and the “HOT” position. position between the middle 2. the” ” position. to the” ”position. Move the air control lever/dial and the “HOT” position. or push Operating tips lever/dial. come on. Push on the air conditioner 3.

function operates only when cooling. Move the air intake lever to come on. 3. added to the heater operation. Move the temperature control 1. or push the “ ” 1. lever/dial. move the fan position. equipped) lever/dial to the desired Dehumidified defrosting Start the engine. push the “ ” button to the 2. Push on the air conditioner Cooling dehumidify. Move the air intake lever to air conditioner. the “ ” position. or push the 5. Keep windows and sun roof 2. cooling and sure to return the air intake “ ” button to the off dehumidifying functions will be lever to the “ ” position. or position. conditioner button to activate the position.AIR CONDITIONER button. Dehumidified heating lever/dial. or push the conditioner is on. Move the air control lever/dial closed while the air 3. Move the air intake lever to “ ” button to the off lever/dial to the desired the” ” position. or push position. drive lever/dial.  to the “ ” position. Move the air control lever/dial The air conditioner cooling off position for normal to the “ ” position. button. air conditioner and audio system 5 . lever/dial to the desired 5. This mode is used to heat and 4. The indicator light will This mode is used to cool and 1. button. The indicator light will for two or three minutes with 4. Move the temperature control position. move the defrost/defog the windows and to 4) position and push in the air air intake lever to the “ ” dehumidify. position. When the air button to the on position. dehumidify. Push on the air conditioner come on. Turn on the fan control 4. 3. conditioner is in operation. Move the air control lever/dial Operating tips position. Move the temperature control OPERATION (If so come on. The indicator light will 5. the” ” button to the off 2. Be the “ ” position. the windows open to vent hot Heater. Push on the air conditioner  After parking in the sun. Turn on the fan control the engine is running. Turn on the fan control to the” ”position. This mode is used to control lever/dial to the desired (1  For quick cooling.

See “Air This helps prevent damage to conditioning system refrigerant the system due to lack of and lubricant recommendations” lubrication. 6 Heater. This new refrigerant will not harm the earth’s ozone layer. the windows. air from the passenger However it may contribute in a compartment. gauge exceeds the "HOT" PARSKHODRO service center position. This will allow Special charging equipment and the air conditioner to cool the lubricant are required when interior more quickly. turn the air will be able to service your conditioner off. close small part to global warming. Have your environmentally "friendly" air Vehicle inspected by conditioning system. Servicing air conditioner The air conditioning system in your NISSAN vehicle is charged with a new refrigerant designed with the environment in mind. servicing your NISSAN air  The air conditioning system conditioner. especially in winter. air conditioner and audio system . in the "Technical information"  If the coolant temperature section of this manual. PARSKHODRO service center. See "If your vehicle overheats" in the “In case of emergency” section for additional information. Using improper should be operated for about refrigerants or lubricants will ten minutes at least once a cause severe damage to your air month. Then. conditioning system.

AUDIO SYSTEM Please read CD/USB FM player instruction part for operation and caution which followed vehicle’s audio system 。 AUDIO SYSTEM CAUTION:  Please use authorized tape less than 60minutes 。  Use authorized disk。  Don’t start it in a bump road。 Heater. air conditioner and audio system 7 .

........................... 4-7 IN COLD WEATHER . 4-10 PRECAUTIONS WHEN STARTING AND AUTO-LOCK FREE-RUNNING HUBS ...................................................... 4-21 STARTING THE ENGINE . STARTING AND DRIVING BREAK-IN SCHEDULE ...................................... 4-6 EQUIPPED)...................... 4-7 BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE ............. 4-17 PRECAUTIONS WHEN DRIVING PARKING ............................... 4-5 PRECAUTIONS WHEN DRIVING ...................................................... 4-19 TRAILER TOWING ................. 4-2 .................................................. 4-11 DRIVING .............4....... 4-5 ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM(ABS)(IF SO IGNITION SWITCH .......... 4-19 CARE WHEN DRIVING .............. 4-4 FOR YOUR VEHICLE SECURITY ........ 4-2 4×4 TRANSFER CASE SHIFTING ................. 4-18 ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD .......................................................... 4-15 EXHAUST GAS (CARBON MONOXIDE) ................................. 4-3 4×4 TIRES OF 4-WHEEL DRIVE ...................... 4-22 DRIVING WITH MANUAL TRANSMISSION Starting and driving 4-1 ........ 4-3 DRIVING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........

● Check to be sure that all 4 1500~2000 ≤75% 2000~4000 Avoid driving for long periods at windows and light lenses are constant speed. slow. window washer 2 200~800 ≤25% 2000~3500 fluid as frequently as possible. either fast or clean. as by adding optional speed limits: ● Change the engine oil and equipment (trailer coupling. Failure to acceleration. Your driving 4×4(2H position) 2000km in the break-in style and speed have to be 90km/h schedule。 adjusted accordingly especially ● 4×4(4H position): when carrying heavy loads. ● 2-wheel drive models and oil filter at the first 500km , roof rack. 80km/h your speed must be reduced ● 4×4(4L position): adequately. ● Do not accelerate hard in ENGINE follow the recommendations for top gear. 4-2 Starting and driving . The driving characteristics of follow these recommendations ● Avoid hard stops as much your vehicle can be changed may results in vehicle damage or as possible. 3 800~1500 ≤50% 2000~4000 at least whenever you refuel. 50km/h ● Make sure the area around Engine speed : the vehicle is clear. remarkably by any additional shortened engine life. coolant. the future reliability and economy ● Avoid quick starts and full WARNING: of your new vehicle. brake and 1 0~200 0 2000~3000 clutch fluid. DISTANCE Weight Speed ● Check fluid levels such (km) (rpm) engine oil.BREAK-IN SCHEDULE BEFORE STARTING THE During the first 1600km. etc). ● Do not tow a trailer for the load and its distribution as well Do not drive over the following first 800 km.

They could and odorless carbon monoxide. ● Adjust inside seat belts or others through inadvertent It can cause unconsciousness and ask all passengers to do operation of the vehicle. or death. on hot. or pets alone gases. ● Do not park the vehicle ● Tune the radio to the with the engine running for any desired broadcasting station. WARNING: WARNING: ● Position seats and adjust Do not leave children. objects on either the front or vehicle could quickly become drive with all windows fully rear parcel shelf to prevent high enough to cause severs or open. extended length of time. ● Do not run the engine in ● Check the operation of closed spaces such as a warning lights when key is garage. and have the vehicle injury in the event of a sudden possibly fatal injuries to people inspected immediately. ● If you suspect that exhaust ● Do not place hard or heavy temperatures in a closed fumes are entering the vehicle. ● Do not breaths exhaust head restraints. turned to the “ON(3)” position. likewise.● Visually inspect tires for PRECAUTIONS WHEN EXHAUST GAS (CARBON their appearance and condition. ● Lock all doors. ● It is not advisable to sit for any length of time in a parked vehicle with the engine running. Also. accidentally injure themselves Carbon monoxide is dangerous. Also check tire pressure for STARTING AND DRIVING MONOXIDE) proper inflation. unreliable adults. animals. stop. ● When a vehicle has been stopped in an open area with its engine running for any Starting and driving 4-3 . sunny days. they contain colorless ● Adjust rearview mirror and in your vehicle. outside mirror.

If at all possible. They are not designed for cornering at the same speeds as conventional 2-wheel drive vehicles any more than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under off-road conditions. rollover. Specific design characteristics give them a higher center of gravity than ordinary cars.significant on to force outside PRECAUTIONS WHEN result in loss of control or vehicle air into the vehicle. An advantage of higher ground clearance is a better view of the road. avoid sharp Tums or abrupt maneuvers. failure to operate this vehicle correctly may 4-4 Starting and driving . allowing you to anticipate problems. DRIVING ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD DRIVING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 4×4 Utility vehicles have higher ground clearance and a narrower track to make them capable of performing in a wide variety of off-road applications. As with other vehicles of this type.

ENGINE COLD START PERIOD will cause skidding and loss of steering. small Remember that towing a trailer knows best how to drive in the streams. REDUCE SPEED will place additional loads on your given circumstances. etc. make sure ● Avoid starting off. drive train.) will change the vehicle.) for your carriers. Load and their distribution and the actions. ● Drive sensitively must be changed according to the LOADING THE BAGGAGE ● Avoid sudden steering circumstances. ● Choose proper coupling attachment of equipment ● Extra distance should be devices (trailer hitch. as sway caused by crosswinds. systems. Also. Driving style load (trailer weight plus its and speed must be changed cargo weight) and coupling according to the circumstances. used primarily for carrying your safety and comfort. braking and other Due to the higher engine speeds control.. Driving your vehicle to fit the ● Extra distance should be Your vehicle was designed to be circumstances is essential for kept from the vehicle in front. chain. extra ● Worm tires increase this exaggerate other conditions such caution must be exercised when risk. suddenly. etc. etc. roof carrier. driving characteristics of the ● Never allow the total trailer vehicle considerably. roof baggage kept from the vehicle in front. As a ● When water covers the passengers and luggage. that the lighting system of the accelerating and stopping trailer works properly. driver. Starting and driving 4-5 . towing a trailer will when the engine is cold.CARE WHEN DRIVING ● Avoid sharp turns or lane TRAILER TOWING changes. WHEN THE ROAD IS WET ● Before driving. safety (coupling devices. device to be exceeded. Driving style and speed manual). selecting gear (automatic and rough road surfaces or passing UNDER WINTER CONDITIONS trucks. to prevent aquaplaning which vehicle’s engine. you should be the one who road surface in puddles.

This position activates electrical manufacturer’s instructions. motor. As To unlock the steering wheel. it will 4-6 Starting and driving . first turn the This position turns on the ignition ● The trailer must be loaded key to OFF and turn the key to system and the electrical so that heavy goods are placed LOCK while pushing the key in. starting the engine. on both vehicle and trailer “OFF”(1) when parking. It accessories. ● Avoid sharp turns or lane the steering wheel will lock. without locking the steering ● Parking on a steep slope is wheel. driving. not recommended. To lock position(3) placard. are at the pressure for full The ignition key can only be “ON” Normal operating loading shown on the tire removed at this position. This will cause the driver to ● Always drive your vehicle lose control of the vehicle and at a moderate speed. the steering wheel. If the key is removed. must be turned about 1/6 of a turn “START”(4) clockwise from the straight up This position activates the starter position. Apply parking The engine can be turned off brake on trailer where fitted. over the axle. “ LOCK ” Normal parking accessories such as the radio ● Take care that tire pressure position(0) when the engine is not running. WARNING: ● Avoid abrupt starts. operation.● Observe the legal IGNITION SWITCH while rotating the steering wheel maximum speeds for trailer slightly right and left. soon as the engine has started. insert the key and turn it gently release the key immediately. The switch includes the anti-theft “ACC”(Accessories)(2) ● Take note of trailer steering lock device. changes. could result in serious vehicle ● Always block the wheels damage or personal injury. ● Never remove the key while acceleration or stops.

WARM ENGINE ● cranking the engine. ● engine starts. ● 2. Starting and driving 4-7 . and press the ● clutch pedal to the floor while could be damaged. ● 3. shift into Keep the accelerator pedal fully Neutral. Apply the parking brake. If the engine does not start. Release the key ● when the engine starts. minutes after it has been If it is difficult to move the shift stopped—— lever into Reverse or 1st. 4. If the cold weather. then release the clutch depressed while starting. Move the gearshift lever to “N” 15 seconds before cranking again.automatically return to the “ON” DRIVING WITH WARNING: position. especially in ● “START”. pedal and shift into Reverse or 1st again. Crank the engine with your Always allow the engine to idle for at least 30 seconds after starting. Do not crank the engine for MANUALTRANSMISSION STARTING THE ENGINE more than 5 seconds at a time. wait ● 1. repeat the above procedure. ● foot off the accelerator pedal ● by turning the ignition key to Drive at moderate speed for a short distance first. accelerator pedal. releasing the — — In the summer.—— lever to the “1” or “R” position. Starting the vehicle ——If the engine is very hard to ● Depress the clutch pedal to start in extremely cold or hot the floor and move the gearshift weather. otherwise the starter ● (Neutral). Use the accelerator pedal to ● Slowly depress the help start the engine. but fails to run. when clutch pedal and parking brake restarting the engine within 30 lever at the same time.

Sudden 2nd to 3rd 20 vehicle control. Suggested maximum speed in ● Do not rest your foot on the ● 2-wheel drive models and 4 each gear clutch pedal while driving. After shifting. or completely before shifting into if you need to accelerate. Do not exceed the speed limit Gear change Speed(km/h) Do not overrun the engine when of any gear. ● 4-wheel drive model which will ensure safe operation. shift 3 to 4 80 for that speed. ×4(2H and 4H position) Downshift to a lower gear if the ● Stop your vehicle Gear change Speed engine is not running smoothly. cannot shift directly from 5th gear relate to fuel economy and vehicle state. you higher gear. and drive until the vehicle reaches the according to the road conditions maximum speed in each gear. should be adjusted for specific which will permit safe road conditions.Driving precautions SUGGESTED SHIFT-UP The figures listed in the chart To change gears. On the speed ranges for shifting into a which you drive. The following provides suggested for each gear. The speed at release the clutch slowly. For level road driving. When quick acceleration is rd th use the highest gear suggested required for some reason. 4 to 5th 36 4-8 Starting and driving . the weather and operation. then into Reverse. however. fully depress SPEEDS refer to potential speed ranges the gearshift lever. nd 2 to 3 rd 40 in any gear. 5-speed transmission model. Actual shift ranges laws. CAUTION: individual driving habits. Always observe to lower gear and accelerate th 4 to 5 th 100 posted speed limits. and to the condition Neutral. reverse. province and territory into Reverse. First shift into performance. acceleration or down shifting rd th could cause the wheels to skid 3 to 4 32 th and result in loss of control. Pay special st nd shifting to a lower gear as it may attention into a lower gear on 1 to 2 13 cause engine damage or loss of slippery surfaces. These suggestions should conform to all federal. (km/j) Do not exceed the maximum ● Avoid abrupt starts and st nd 1 to 2 15 suggested speed (shown below) acceleration for your safety.

Allowable maximum speed in 1st 15 each gear: nd 2 30 2-wheel drive rd 3 45 models th 4 and 5th 50 4-wheel drive models (2H position) Speed(km/h) st 1 25 nd 2 50 rd 3 80 th 4 and 5th 120 4-wheel drive models (4H position) Speed(km/h) st 1 35 nd 2 60 rd 3 80 th th 4 and 5 80 (4L position) Starting and driving 4-9 .

Avoid raising vehicle position. Use when ● To lubricate the front wheel excessive speed. as it will cause driving under the same conditions drive system. 4H—(4WD. wet. Use when WARNING: wheels are driven. maximum speed in 5th gear 4×4 TRANSFER CASE approximately 50 km/h. We recommended driving in the “2H” position 4H position supplies the max 2H—(2WD,high range) only the under these conditions. Avoid rear wheel are driven. or during hard driving in sand.e.. 4L— ( 4WD. speed excessively. ● When parking the vehicle. Shifting the lever ELEC TRANSFER MANUAL TRANSFER quickly and smoothly when DEPRES moving across the “N” position S with the vehicle stopped. CAUTION: ● Do not drive on dry hard surface roads in 4-wheel drive. (i. apply the parking brake and driving at normal speeds on snow mud or deep snow. SHIFTING N—No wheels are driven. drive the vehicle loss of traction. ● Driving on dry hard surfaces in “4H” or “4L” may cause unnecessary noise and tire wear. muddy or sandy position provides maximum power in the “2H”. icy. “4H” or “4L” roads) and traction. to drive in the 2H position. Speed over 80 standard 2WD vehicle. Always keep the transfer lever out of the DEPRESS “N” position. low range ) Four wheels are driven. as the 4-10 Starting and driving . power and traction force. high range) Four month. The “4L” shift the transfer control lever covered. Use when driving on roads where it is difficult climbing or descending steep hills. in 4-wheel drive at least once a km/h in 4H is not recommended.

equipped with this system. ● If the auto-lock hubs make a clattering noise while driving with the transfer lever in the “2H” position. To avoid this. Otherwise the vehicle suddenly from a stop with the could roll unexpectedly even if FREE-RUNNING HUBS transfer lever in the “4H” or “4L” the manual transmission is in position may not engage the any gear. hubs will make a clicking noise. the shift lever is moved to the “4H” ● Under extremely cold or “4L” position. the auto-lock hubs to make a clattering noise. first drive in This is normal.● Do not leave in the “N” AUTO-LOCK ● Accelerating the vehicle position. auto-lock free-running hub and may cause a clattering noise. then shift to 2-wheel drive. If your vehicle is conditions [below −15°C (5°F)]. stop and move The auto-lock free-running hub is the vehicle about 2 to 3 meters designed to allow for automatic (7 to 10 ft) in the opposite 4-wheel drive engagement when direction of travel. the axle ● When engaging and shafts may rotate. Continued use of the vehicle with this noise may damage the hub lock. In such a case. 4-wheel drive. Starting and driving 4-11 . causing the disengaging. follow when the vehicle is driven in these operational cautions: 2-wheel drive at high speeds without first warming up the CAUTION: vehicle and gear oil. release the accelerator pedal to reduce the engine speed.

An incomplete shift from the “2H” to “4H” position or disengagement of only one hub lock may cause a clattering noise from the auto-lock hubs.● When shifting from the “2H” to “4H” position while driving. if difficulty is encountered in shifting from “2H” to “4H”. Continued use of the vehicle with this noise may damage the hub lock. 4-12 Starting and driving . in cold weather. unlock hubs as described. do not stop shift lever movement midway. it may be necessary to reduce speed or stop the vehicle. ● Also. Shift to 4-wheel drive to stop the noise.

Stop the vehicle. and it is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal. 3. 2. increase the vehicle is in “2H” position. 5. Depress the transfer lever and move it to “2H” position. “4H” 7. change gears quickly and smoothly. To be safe. you must change to 2WD states by accelerating. Perform this operation when FROM “2H TO “4H” driving straight. 1. Depress the clutch pedal. it indicates the transfer shift control has not selected the “2H” lever. Depress the transfer lever and move it to “4L”. decelerating or reversing for safe insurance.SHIFTING OF TRANSFER-MANUAL TRANSFER TO SHIFT MANUAL SHIFT PROCEDURE FOR MODELS WITHOUT FREE-RUNNING HUBS TRANSFER CASE Gear shifting from the 2H to 4H position must be performed at speeds below 40km/h and step on the clutch. Separating of the auto-locked and idle operated wheel hub is good for save fuel. From “4L” to “2H” CAUTION: Move the transfer lever from “4H” to “2H”. Stop the vehicle. 3. Depress the clutch pedal. reduce noise and the abrasion. if the 4X4 indicator still comes on. Stop the vehicle. reducing or backward. below 80 km/h. 4) If the indicator light is still on after shifting from "4H" to "2H". From “4H” to “4L” or 4L” to 6. From “2H” to “4L” 2. Depress the transfer lever and move it “4L” or “4H” position. stop and drive straight 1 meter and reverse 1 meter. 2) Stop and reverse 1 meter before driving forward. CAUTION: 1) For the 2WD operation. Depress the clutch pedal. From “4H” to “2H” 3) When reversing. auto-locked and idle operated wheel hub will be separated after the vehicle reverse 1 meter. 1. accelerating. Perform this operation when driving straight. Starting and driving 4-13 .

4-14 Starting and driving . Well it is very hard to change the transfer switch. 11."2H" to "4L" or "4L" to "2H".It is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal. From 4L” to “4H” c) Shift the transfer switch from “4L” to “4H” smoothly and quickly.SHIFTING OF TRANSFER-ELEC. a) Stop the vehicle and keep the engine running. ● If the indicator light is still on after shifting from "4H" to "2H". TRANSFER TO SHIFT ELEC. 10. From “4H” to “4L” 9. Drive the vehicle after the light is steady. Depress the clutch pedal. 8. decelerating or reversing for safe insurance. FROM “2H TO “4H” Perform this operation when driving straight. From “4H” to “2H” ● Stop and reverse 1 meter before driving forward. Then the indicator light would be green. Perform this operation when driving straight. Shift the transfer switch from “4H” to “4L” smoothly and quickly. reduce noise and the abrasion. d) The 4WD indicator light should be green Drive the vehicle after the light is steady. b) Depress the clutch pedal. Separating of the auto-locked and idle operated wheel hub is good for save fuel. The 4WD indicator light should be yellow. SHIFT PROCEDURE FOR MODELS WITHOUT FREE-RUNNING HUBS TRANSFER SWITCH Shift the transfer switch to "4H" under the speed of 40km/h (25MPH). and it is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal. Stop the vehicle and keep the engine running. ● CAUTION: ● For the 2WD operation. For AUTO TRANSMISSION vehicle: Do not shift the transfer switch from "4H" to "4L" . ● Move the transfer lever to “2H”. you must change to 2WD states by accelerating. stop and drive straight 1 meter and reverse 1 meter. This can be done at any speed below 80 km/h. auto-locked and idle operated wheel hub will be separated after the vehicle reverse 1 meter. "4L" to "4H" . ● When reversing.

you may stall. Always back with tires larger than specified straight could tip or roll in this manual. you drive across them. unlike a easily than they can forward or could cause loss of control. belts to help keep you and your cannot make it to the top of a ● Avoid raising the center of passengers in position when steep hill. Instead drive either down in reverse gear. around. Properly CAUTION: could be a drop-off or other secure it so that it will not be ● Drive carefully when off the hazard that could cause an thrown forward and cause road and avoid dangerous accident. ● Unsecured cargo can be precautions: ● Stay alert when driving to thrown around when driving the top of a hill. conventional off-road vehicle. Apply brakes lightly stuck in deep snow or mud. never attempt to turn gravity by loading things on the driving over rough terrain. If you drive up to overheat and fade. resulting 4-wheel drive models for rough them. straight up or straight down the ● back down in neutral (N) or avoid driving in deep water or slopes. injury to you or your areas. you may your speed. Your vehicle could tip roof or equipping the vehicle or roll over. mud as your vehicle is mainly tip over sideways much more using only the brake. ● Heavy braking going down Remember that 2-wheel drive ● Many hills are too steep for a hill could cause your brakes models are less capable than any vehicle. However. Always wear your seat ● If your engine stalls or you passengers. If and use a ow gear to control like. Put heavy loads in the cargo Starting and driving 4-15 . If you drive in loss of control and an road driving and extrication when down them. Please observe the following roll over. This could cause your vehicle to rollover. backward. Off-road vehicles can with the clutch depressed. as the designed for leisure use. Never normal and off-road use. At the top there over rough terrain. or the able to control your speed. Always back straight Your vehicle is designed for both slopes. you may not be accident.DRIVING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ● Do not drive across steep over.

● Lower your speed when ● Whenever you drive encountering strong off-road through sand. sharp backward or sideways. mud or crosswinds. ● Does not grip the inside or braking may cause loss of spokes of the steering wheel control. Slower speeds ensure refer to “Maintenance under better vehicle control. steering maneuvers or sudden could be inured. The ● Install the same size of steering wheel could jerk and winter tires on all four (4) injure your hands.. ● Be sure to check the ● Always drive with the floor brakes immediately after mats in place as the floor may driving in mud or water as become very hot.g. you as possible. on steep hills. severe driving conditions” in a ● Do not drive beyond the separate maintenance booklet.area as far forward and as low ● Sudden acceleration. Instead drive wheels (such as stud less tires) with your fingers and thumbs or install tire chains to rear on the outside of the rim. wheels when driving on ● Before operating vehicle. slippery roads (e. your vehicle more frequent maintenance is more affected by gusty side may be required. center of gravity. performance of the tires even ● Avoid parking your vehicle with 4WD. winds. after a ensure that the driver and all snow and drive carefully using passengers have their seat 4WD). belts fastened. when driving off-road. For details. when driving”. 4-16 Starting and driving . With its higher water as deep as the wheel hub. Particular specified in “WET BRAKES” care should be taken if you are under the heading “Precautions barefoot. If you get out of the vehicle and it rolls forward.

If you install snow tires. vehicle due to some overstress. brand. they must the various mechanisms of the 4×4 TIRES OF 4-WHEEL also be the same size. Adjust to the specified rear axles which will cause pressure if necessary. PARSKHODRO recommends that If excessive tire wear is found. brand. transfer case and differential Tire rotation gears. it is tires be rotated every 5. construction (bias. necessary. and tread Tire inflation pressure pattern on all four wheels. Check the pressure in all tires. be sure to change to 2WD. Driving with chains in such conditions can cause damage to Starting and driving 4-17 . The tire pressure Tire chains must be installed only and wheel alignment should also on the rear wheels and not on the be checked and corrected as front wheels. DRIVE construction and tread pattern on When driving on clear paved tall four wheels. brand. paved roads which are clear of Snow tires snow. size. Contact your Do not drive with tire chains on PARSKHODRO dealer. for each 4-wheel drive model. roads. CAUTION: CAUTION: Always use tires of the same Only use spare tires specified size. bias-belted or radial). with a gauge circumference difference periodically when at a service between tires on the front and station. construction and Tire chain tread pattern. Failure to do so may result in a including the spare. recommended that all four tires be Do not include the temporary replaced with tires of the same spare tire in the tire rotation. Tire excessive tire wear and may pressures are shown on the tire damage the transmission placard affixed to the glove box.000 km .

turn the wheels so the ● HEADED UPHILL OR vehicle will not roll into the street DOWNHILL. When parking on an uphill grade.PARKING touches the curb. When parked on a sloping Then set the parking brake. 2. 3. Turn the wheels toward the side ● HEADED DOWNHILL:① of the road so the vehicle will Turn the wheels into the curb. Then set the WARNING: parking brake. driveway. waste paper or move back until the curb side unattended in the vehicle. as they may burn easily. Firmly apply the parking brake. place the gearshift lever in the “1st” position. 1. Turn the ignition key to the “LOCK” position and remove Wheel gently touches the curb. ● Safe parking procedures require that the parking brake Uphill with curb Downhill with curb Uphill or downhill without curb be set and the gearshift lever placed in the proper position. rags. ● Never leave the engine CAUTION: ● HEADED UPHILL:② running while the vehicle is ● Do not park the vehicle Turn the wheels away from the unattended. 4-18 Starting and driving . Then set the until the curb side wheel gently parking brake. Place the gearshift lever in the “REVERSE” position. NO CURB:③ in case it moves. over flammable materials such curb and allow the vehicle to ● Never leave children as dry grass. the key. move away from the center of the allow the vehicle to move forward road if it moves.

● Do not leave valuables on enter and drive the vehicle. driven by the engine. stopped. If The power assisted steering you must leave something in is designed to use a hydraulic your vehicle. be required to stop the vehicle ● If you have an alarm or ● Do not leave a note of your and the stopping distance will be immobilization device. the unfortunate event of your much greater steering effort is vehicle being stolen the Starting and driving 4-19 . rack and lock them in the using engine vacuum.FOR YOUR VEHICLE documents will only help a thief PRECAUTIONS WHEN to sell the vehicle. SECURITY ● Do not leave articles on a DRIVING When leaving your vehicle roof rack as they are Driving with vacuum assisted unoccupied: particularly vulnerable. If the engine stops or drive ● Do not leave the vehicle belt breaks. lock it in the pump. vehicle by depressing the brake ● Always park your vehicle ● Do not leave the spare key pedal. note the key number and return with a key to Do not coast with the engine pets in the vehicle unattended. the vehicle. Driving with the power assisted view to tempt a thief. in the vehicle — keep it in a safe pressure on the brake pedal will park in a well lit area. However. vehicle. remove them from the The brake booster aids braking by key — even in your own garage. If brake: ● Always remove the ignition possible. At night. In control of the vehicle. you can stop the completely and lock all doors. use it — vehicle key number in the longer. you will still have documents in your vehicle. A thief may break into WARNING: ● Do not leave children and the vehicle. greater foot where it can be seen. to luggage compartment or hide it assist steering. out of sight. If the ● Close all windows luggage compartment or inside engine stops. Always steering: take your valuables with you. place in your home. even for short periods. However.

drive the operate both the brake and clutch. accelerating or plugs of the proper heat range be When the vehicle is washed downshifting. releasing the clutch. the brakes return to normal. the actions or sudden acceleration When the vehicle is used brakes may get wet. it is sometimes difficult to operating temperature. consult your PARSKHODRO ● Avoid resting your foot on DRIVING DOWNHILL dealer. the lower speed position prior to ● To help save the brakes descending. use To dry brakes. especially in sharp turns ● While driving on a slippery following conditions. surface. slowly wide open for long periods of time. effective for controlling the vehicle wear out the brake linings and while descending hills. As a result. reduce plugs on your vehicle are speed and downshift to a lower designed to meet normal driving gear. the brake pedal while driving. frequently operated with throttle heat-up the brakes. vehicle at a safe speed while Use the parking brake to hold the When the vehicle is lightly pressing the brake pedal to vehicle. and to prevent the brakes from SPARK PLUGS overheating. conditions. The engine braking action is This will overheat the brakes. or driven through water. hot-type spark plugs. be careful when recommended that optional spark Wet brakes: braking. before going down The factory-installed spark a slope or long grade. it is or at low speeds. Do this until When ready to start. please until the brakes function correctly. grade. your braking distance will be DRIVING UPHILL so that the engine does not run longer and the vehicle may pull to When starting on a steep long enough to reach its normal one side during braking.needed. driving the vehicle at high speeds depressing accelerator pedal and For spark plug types. could cause the wheels to skid. primarily for short distance travel. Avoid release the parking brake while use cold-type spark plugs. Abrupt braking installed. Do not slip the clutch. If your vehicle is operated under either of the 4-20 Starting and driving . The pads faster and increase gas gearshift lever should be placed in mileage.

vehicle to your PARSKHODRO affect braking effectiveness. Tread down the brake pedal and EQUIPPED) hydraulic pumps. The brake system will be longer than on normal surfaces. it vehicle. malfunction. you should take you Tire type and condition may also driving. If the computer driving techniques. is working properly. but pedal and hear a noise or system OFF and turns on the remember that the stopping vibration from the actuator under “ABS” warning light in the distance on slippery surfaces will the hood. The computer has a WARNING: will not operate at speeds below 5 built-in diagnostic feature that Do not tread down and release to 10 km/h to completely stop the tests the system each time you the brake pedal frequently. indicates that the anti-lock system then behave normally. you may hear a “clunk” The anti-lock brake system is a to locking up. This is normal cannot prevent accidents resulting releases hydraulic pressure (like and is not an indication of any from careless or dangerous pumping the brakes very quickly).) vehicle at a low speed in forward distance. and hydraulic solenoids controlled by a keep it. This is normal and dashboard. the actuator (under noise and/or feel a “pulsation” in sophisticated device. but without even with the anti-lock system. However. When the “self-test” that one or more wheels are close occurs. the anti-lock assistance. SYSTEM(ABS)(IF SO The anti-lock brake system USE THE ABS SYSTEM consists of electronic sensors. or while you are the hands of the driver. it maintain vehicle control during may feel a pulsation in the brake switches the antilock brake braking on slippery surfaces. Ultimately. When the anti-lock system senses or reverse. extra care is required while driving. (The speeds will vary start the engine and move the will increase the brake according to road conditions. It can help While the actuator is working. Starting and driving 4-21 . you senses any malfunction. Normal operation The ABS (anti-lock brake) system computer.ANTI-LOCK BRAKE dealer for repair at your earliest Self-test feature convenience. but is the hood) rapidly applies and the brake pedal. the responsibility for pulsation may indicate that road If the light comes on during safety of self and others rests in conditions are hazardous and the self check.

snow tires should conditions. If the vehicle is to be If the battery is not fully charged operated in severe winter during extremely cold weather conditions. 4-22 Starting and driving . see “Changing engine “Tire placard” in the Owner’s hole. see “Battery” used. construction and system” in the “Maintenance and type (bias. For additional traction on icy the battery should be checked roads. location information. If the radiator and on the engine block. bias-belted or do-it-yourself” section. drain ● When installing a spare tire. radial) as the rear/front tires. Battery 2. To maintain maximum efficiency. see “Engine cooling load range. check installed on the front/rear anti-freeze (ethylene glycol base) wheels of your vehicle. placard. For details. studded tires may be regularly. some in the “Maintenance and countries prohibit their use. do-it-yourself” section. 3. should be of the same size. apply de-icer or glycerin drain valve located under the and type as specified on the tire to it through the key hole. they to assure proper winter protection. heat the key Refill before operating the vehicle. If you have snow tires below 0°C (32°F). Freeing a frozen door lock outside without anti-freeze.● When replacing tires. In the winter when it is anticipated Tire equipment that the temperature will drop 1. To prevent a door lock from the cooling system by opening the make sure it is the proper size freezing. For details. However. the battery fluid may be installed on all four freeze and damage the battery. IN COLD WEATHER Draining of coolant water install the specified tires on all If the vehicle is to be left 4 wheels. For tire placard lock becomes frozen. refer to before inserting it into the key For details. wheels. Anti-freeze do-it-yourself” section. coolant” in the “Maintenance and Manual index.

Use chain tensioners when it firm the underbody must Skid and traction capabilities of performance may be be cleaned periodically. fuel and brake lines. your brake cables. Starting and driving 4-23 . country or area. on wet or adversely affected. detailed information concerning dry surfaces. A shovel to dig the vehicle chain manufacturer to ensure out of snowdrifts. may be poorer SPECIAL WINTER EQUIPMENT cleaning the exterior to protect it than that of non-studded snow It is recommended that the from corrosion. floor pan and check the applicable laws in that vehicle may be damaged fenders. may be required in some areas. a tight fit. flat board to be consult your local PARSKHODRO manufacturer’s suggestions. drive at a reduced system. placed under the jack to give dealer. before installing studded tires. A scraper and stiff-bristled For additional protection of proper size for the tires on brush to remove ice and against rust and corrosion. Snow chains may be used if vehicle during winter: this Manual. otherwise. speed. A sturdy. and/or vehicle handling and In winter. desired. following items be carried in the “Appearance and interior care” of 4. recommended by the tire 3. Make sure they are 1. Loose end links of CORROSION PROTECTION the tire chain must be Chemicals used for road surface secured or removed to de-icing are extremely corrosive prevent the possibility of and will accelerate corrosion and whipping action damage to the deterioration of underbody the fenders or undercarriage. which your vehicle and are installed snow from the windows. please refer to the tires. according to the chain 2. components such as the exhaust In addition. For more studded snow tires.

................... SNOW OR PUSH STARTING .......................... 5-6 MUD ................................. 5-10 IF YOUR VEHICLE OVERHEATS ...................................... 5-6 FREEING VEHICLE FROM SAND............................. 5-2 TOW TRUCK TOWING........ 5-7 JUMP STARTING..... 5-7 In case of emergency 5-1 ....................................5. IN CASE OF EMERGENCY FLAT TIRE ...................................

Stopping the vehicle 6. into the square hole of the 2. Seat the T-shaped end of the dangerous. Turn on the hazard warning wheel nut wrench to form a flasher. remove the retainer chain. the opening and direct it WARNING: towards the spare tire winch. uneven ground. Never change tires when the Van located directly above the vehicle is on a slope or soft spare tire. Park on a level surface and 7. Turn the engine off. Get the wheel nuts spanner 1. jack rod into the T-shaped opening of the spare tire winch. Once the spare tire is completely lowered. and turn the jack rod Jack counterclockwise to lower the spare tire. Pass the T-shaped reverse. 9. 3. Find the oval shaped opening apply the parking brake. and Tool bag 5-2 In case of emergency . reach under the vehicle.FLAT TIRE Getting the spare tire and the tools If you have a flat tire. Remove jacking tools and instructions below spare tire from storage area. Shift under the middle of the the manual transmission into tailgate. Safely move the vehicle off from the tool bag. Fit the the road away from the square end of the jack rod traffic. follow the Pickup 5. handle. This is 8. end of the jack rod through 4.

7 to 9.m (6. In case of emergency 5-3 .carefully slide the tire from under the rear of the vehicle. tighten securely. Tightening torque of nuts: 66 to 89N.1 kg-m) Use a suitable padlock When installing the tire.

Remove the center cap.  Do not start or run engine while vehicle is on the jack. CAUTION: The jack should be used on level firm ground wherever possible. use vehicle support stands. and then Blocks remove the wheel. Carefully raise the vehicle until the tire clears the ground. Remove the wheel nuts. Blocking wheel WARNING: Place suitable blocks at both the  Never get under the vehicle front and back of the wheel while it is supported only by diagonally opposite the flat tire. the jack. Loosen each wheel nut one or two turns by turning counterclockwise with the wheel nut wrench (jack handle). 5-4 In case of emergency .  Do not allow passengers to Jacking up and removing wheel stay in the vehicle while it is on Place the jack directly under the the jack。 jack-up point. Do not remove the wheel nuts until the tire is off the ground. Do not remove the brake drum with the wheel.

Installing wheel COLD tire pressures are shown limited slip differential carrier. Then. 9. Lower the vehicle slowly until the tire touches the ground. tire and jacking equipment in tighten wheel nuts alternately the vehicle.Center cap  As soon as possible removeal tighten the wheel nuts to the Turn to remove specified torque with a torque wrench. 11. Securely store the spare 8. With the wheel nut wrench. tighten the wheel nuts securely in the sequence as illustrated. COLD pressure: After vehicle has been parked for three hours or more or On models equipped with the driven less than 1. 7. Carefully put the wheel on 10. Install the center wheel cause the vehicle to move.m (12 to 15kg-m)  Adjust tire pressure to the COLD pressure. finger tight. and tighten the wheel nuts cap securely.6 km. with the wheel nut wrench. In case of emergency 5-5 . 6. Clean any mud or dirt from on the tire placard affixed to the surface between the never run the engine with one the glove box or driver’s side wheel and hub. It may center pillar. rear wheel off the ground. Tightening torque of nuts: 118 to 147N. and evenly until they are tight.

when the positive cable. about halfway. manual-lock free-running cloth as shown. transmission damage. Start pushing. Remove vent caps on the single battery models. start the engine. Turn the ignition key to “ON”. slowly result in damage to the releases the clutch pedal to charging system. procedure is the same as that for transfer in “2H” and 1. hub). necessary to connect a booster 2. 5-6 In case of emergency . it is not 1. Jump starting second or third. Replace the vent caps (if so surge could cause the vehicle equipped).JUMP STARTING 3. and when the CAUTION: vehicle reaches a speed of An incorrect connection could about 16 km/h. This may cause 4. one depressed and shift into Use a battery rated at 12 volts battery is enough.000 rpm. Hold the accelerator pedal sequence as illustrated. Connect jumper cables in the 3. the forward 5. 2. instructions and precautions in “FREE” position (models with Cover the battery with an old the preceding page.  Automatic transmission and start your engine in the models cannot be started by normal manner. Follow the free-running hubs in the battery (if so equipped). Place the for a booster. 4. After starting your engine. Keep the engine CAUTION: speed at about 2. engine starts. pushing. Hold the clutch pedal fully CAUTION: battery to both batteries. Start the engine of the other PUSH STARTING vehicle and let it run for a few minutes. carefully disconnect the  Never try to start the negative cable and then the vehicle by towing it. to collide with the tow vehicle. If your vehicle is equipped Gasoline engine with dual batteries.

2. hands. Move the vehicle safety off recommends that you have a the road. If any fan control to “high speed”. never remove the running. Incorrect towing To avoid the danger of being check if the cooling fan is equipment could damage your burned. The radiator hoses vehicle. a dolly must 3.IF YOUR VEHICLE temperature gauge indication TOW TRUCK TOWING OVERHEATS returns to normal.500 rpm) until the ignition key in the “LOCK” In case of emergency 5-7 . conditioner temperature the cooling fan does not run. unit is damaged. After the engine cools down. make sure move the heater or air fan belt is missing or loose. run the engine ahead position with a rope or at a fast idle (approximately similar device. stand clear running. axles. Add coolant if wheels on the ground: to prevent getting burned. belts. into contact with the running following precautions. the cooling  When towing. If check the coolant level in the be used. steam or water is coming reservoir tank with the engine  When towing with the rear from the engine. steering system and power control to “maximum hot” and stop the engine. brake and move the gearshift Be careful not to allow your It is advisable to have the service lever to neutral. water. steering wheel in a straight on a hot day. train are in good order. Visually check drive belts for local regulations for towing must WARNING: damage or looseness. Open the engine hood. Never place the 1. If Towing precautions switch. or motor fan. apply the parking WARNING: service operator tow your vehicle. to your vehicle. If engine overheating is repaired at the nearest “OFF” position and secure the caused by climbing a long hill ZZNISSAN dealer. necessary. 6. Open all the windows. When towing your vehicle. Have your vehicle Turn the ignition key to the 4. Turn off the air conditioner fan. 5. Also be followed. NISSAN 1. hair or clothing to come operator carefully read the Do not stop the engine. coolant is leaking. or that the transmission. To assure proper towing radiator cap while the engine is and radiator should not leak and to prevent accidental damage still hot.

Observe the following FREERUNNING HUBS” or restricted towing speeds and “MANUAL-LOCK distances. or rear wheels on the ground: 1. four wheels on the ground as this may cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission. backward) with illustrated. 5-8 In case of emergency . 2-WHEEL DRIVE MODELS We recommend that your vehicle WARNING be towed with driving (rear) Never tow your vehicle from wheels off the ground as the rear (i.  Attach safety chains for all towing.e. Release the parking brake  For 4-wheel drive model: and move the gearshift lever Set the free-running hubs to to the neutral position (“N” the free position (See position).position. FREE-RUNNING HUBS” as  Speed: Below 95 km/h appropriate in the “Starting and  Distance: Less than 800 driving” section). Move the km transfer case shift lever into the If the speed or distance must “2H” position and the necessarily be greater. This will result in If you have to tow your vehicle damage to the steering lock with four wheels on the ground mechanism. remove transmission shift lever into the the propeller shaft beforehand neutral (“N”) position. 4X4“AUTO-LOCK 2. to prevent damage to the transmission..

backward) with four wheels on the ground as this may cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission. and move the gearshift lever to the neutral position (“N” position).. Observe the following restricted towing speeds and distance. 2. remove the propeller shaft beforehand to prevent damage to the 4-WHEEL DRIVE MODELS transmission.e. PARSKHODRO recommends that a dolly be used as illustrated WARNING: when towing your vehicle. In case of emergency 5-9 . If you have to tow your vehicle  Be sure to place the with four wheels on the ground or transfer case shift lever into the front or rear wheels on the “2H” position and the ground.  Speed: Below 95 km/h  Distance: Less than 800 km If the speed or distance must necessarily be greater. transmission shift lever into the 1. Release the parking brake neutral (“N”) position if the vehicle is to be towed.  Never tow your vehicle from the rear (i.

Never pull Otherwise. Never tow the vehicle for a long distance using only the towing hooks.  Use the towing hooks only to free a vehicle stuck in sand. mud. 5-10 In case of emergency . straight out from the front or not other parts of the vehicle. the vehicle body will on the hook at a sideways be damaged.  The towing hook is under tremendous force when used to free a stuck vehicle.FREEING VEHICLE FROM SAND. snow. rear of the vehicle. etc. angle. SNOW OR MUD  Always pull the cable  Use the towing hooks only.


strong particles or bugs get on the chemical detergents. In order to maintain the Washing Inside flanges.CLEANING EXTERIOR AND bird droppings. lukewarm (never hot) door are open. as the your vehicle inside a garage or in surface may become a covered area. 6-2 Appearance and interior care . hatches and hood important to take proper care of it. the body and in the wheel wells to  After driving on coastal loosen the dirt and wash away roads WARNING  Do not use strong road salt. water-spotted. store or park vehicle body is hot. plenty of clean water. paint surface when putting on Rinse the vehicle thoroughly with or removing the body cover. or solvents. taken when removing caked-on dirt or other foreign substances CAUTION so that the paint surface is not Be careful not to scratch the scratched or damaged. it is Wash dirt off with a wet sponge on the doors. Care must be cover. tree sap. such as protect the vehicle with a body washing mitts. wash your vehicle as soon as soap or detergent (a special these areas must be regularly possible to protect the paint vehicle soap or general purpose cleaned. metal household soap. please vehicle thoroughly using a mild effects of road salt. seams and folds appearance of your vehicle. gasoline INTERIOR paint surface.  When dust or mud builds  Do not wash the vehicle in up on the surface.  When things such as soot. direct sunlight or while the Whenever possible. and plenty of water. dish-washing liquid) mixed with holes in the lower edge of the  After a rainfall to prevent clean. Spray water under possible damage from acid rain water. park in a shady area or or rough cloths. Take care that the drain surface. Clean the are particularly endangered by the In the following cases. Therefore. When it is necessary to park  Avoid using tight-napped outside.

insects and tree When cleaning the inside of the After waxing. cutting compounds or cleaners up and causing corrosion on the Chrome parts that may damage the vehicle underbody and suspension. Before the winter period and with a nonabrasive chrome polish  If the surface does not again in the spring. a thorough washing. if Plastic parts remover and wax again. especially during wax. smoke and dust film from the solvents. window defogger elements.A damp chamois can be used to Only apply black wax or black glass surfaces. paintwork and keeps the finish. cleaners or chlorine-based appearance. prevent dirt and salt from building discolor the wheel if not removed. Salt could containing any abrasives. Clean all chrome parts regularly finish. dealer or any automotive radio antenna elements or rear  Wax your vehicle only after accessories store. use a coat/clear coat paint finish may plastic cleaner. Glass cleaner and a soft Regular waxing protects the Remove tar and oil spots. or polypropylene bumper. use a “road tar” must be checked and. choosing the proper product. cloth will easily remove this film. Special cleaning products are disinfectant cleaners. Appearance and interior care 6-3 . re-treated. the vehicle is parked in the hot Waxing Removing spots sun. If the dirt aggressive polishing on a base Cleaning glass Use glass cleaner to remove cannot be easily removed. It is normal for dry the vehicle to avoid water shoe polish to the black urethane glass to be coated with a film after spots. the under seal to maintain the finish. Follow the Underbody Cleaning alloy wheels instructions supplied with the In areas where road salt is used in Wash regularly. polishing is sap as quickly as possible from window. necessary. Do not use any dull the finish or leave swirl marks. winter. do not use any recommended to remove built-up the surface of the paint to avoid sharp-edged tools or abrasive residue and avoid a “weathered” lasting damage or staining. polish easily. industrial dust. These may The dealer can assist you in available at your PARSKHODRO damage the electrical conductors. Plastic parts can be cleaned with Machine compounding or a mild soap solution. it is necessary to clean the winter months in areas where  Do not use a wax underbody regularly in order to road salt is used.

dirt wax like saddle soap. PROTECTING AGAINST Occasionally remove loose dust NEVER use bleach. moisture-retaining dirt and then wipe clean with a dry soft debris in body panel sections. thinner Environmental factors influence or any similar material. matting will not dry. The accumulation of dampened in mild soap solution. Damage to paint and other recommendations.  Never use fabric protectors Floor sections which have snow unless recommended by the and ice trapped under the floor manufacturer. to vehicle corrosion: surfaces with a clean. dye or chemical solvents since these CORROSION from the interior trim and seats using a vacuum cleaner or soft may severely weaken the seat Most common factors contributing brush. the rate of corrosion:  The leather seats should be Moisture regularly coated with a leather The accumulation of sand. Some fabric protective coatings caused by protectors contains chemicals that gravel and stone chips or stain or bleach the seat material. Never use and water on the underside of the car wax. minor traffic accidents.Cleaning interior wet belts to roll up in the retractor. soft cloth 1. read the manufacturer’s 2. and other areas. Before using any fabric cavities. Wipe the vinyl and leather belt webbing. Do not allow and where atmospheric pollution 6-4 Appearance and interior care . cloth. protector.  Never use benzine. Seat belts Relative humidity The seat belts can be cleaned by Corrosion will be accelerated in wiping them with a sponge areas of high relative humidity. especially those areas where the Allow the belts to dry completely temperatures stay above freezing before using them. body will accelerate corrosion. dampened in a mild soap solution.

Chemicals used for road surface Road salt will also accelerate the de-icing are extremely corrosive. cleaned periodically. floor pan and  Always check for minor fenders. with water as soon as possible. your local PARSKHODRO dealer. If any sand. fuel and brake lines. wash it off Appearance and interior care 6-5 . dirt with a vacuum cleaner or broom. the underbody must be it as soon as possible.  Keep drain holes at the For additional protection against bottom of the doors and tailgate rust and corrosion. sand A temperature increase will or other debris from the accelerate the rate of corrosion to passenger compartment by those parts which are not well washing with a hose. electronic components inside or heavy road salt use will the vehicle. Air pollution  Never allow water or other Industrial pollution. They accelerate corrosion and To protect your vehicle from deterioration of underbody corrosion: components such as the exhaust  Wash and wax your vehicle system. consult accumulation. dirt or salt has accumulated.exists and road salt is used. the presence liquids to come in contact with of salt in the air in coastal areas. accelerate the corrosion process. which may be open to avoid water required in some areas. brake cables. Remove ventilated.  Check the underbody and inside the pick box (Truck model). Temperature  NEVER remove dirt. damage to the paint and repair In winter. disintegration of paint Surfaces. often to keep the vehicle clean.

..................................... 7-14 ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM..... 7-16 POWER STEERING FLUID ......................................................................................................... 7-10 BRAKE BOOSTER ....... 7-23 JUMP STARTING .............................. 7-13 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-1 .......... MAINTENANCE AND DO-IT-YOURSELF PRECAUTIONS ....................7.............. 7-17 BRAKE AND CLUTCH FLUID .......... 7-13 CLUTCH HOUSING .... 7-11 WHEELS AND TIRES .............. 7-26 DRIVE BELTS ...... 7-13 SPARK PLUG REPLACEMENT .............................................. 7-11 LIGHT BULBS.................... 7-7 BRAKE CONDITIONS ..................................................... 7-10 FUSES ............................................ 7-17 WINDOW WASHER FLUID..... 7-15 ENGINE OIL ............... 7-19 BATTERY ....... 7-5 WIPER BLADES REPLACEMENT ........................................................................................................................ 7-2 AIR CLEANER FILTER ........

watch. clothing. before (MFI) system. ● Improperly disposed motor ● When working under the ● Keep smoking materials. performing any replacement or any transistorized component repair. ● Park the vehicle on a level ● Never get under the vehicle ● Failure to follow these or surface. off and wait until it cools down. fuel and battery. turn the engine flame and sparks away from can hurt the environment. 7-2 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . ventilation for exhaust gases. neutral (“N”). etc. hair and tools brake and block the wheels to away from moving fans and fan prevent the vehicle from belts. is off. support it injury or vehicle damage. such with the multiport fuel injection vehicle. If it is necessary to work guidelines may lead to serious transmission control lever to under the vehicle. connector while the ignition key ● If you must work with the is on. apply the parking while it is supported only by a other common sense brake securely and move the jack. the fuel filter or prevent serious accidental injury working on your vehicle. fuel lines should be serviced by to yourself or damage to the ● If you must run the engine a ParsKhodro dealer because vehicle. moving. oil and/or other vehicle fluids engine hood. Always conform to local ● Be sure to turn the ignition ● Never connect or regulations for disposal of key to the “OFF” position when disconnect either the battery or vehicle fluid. with safety stands. engine running. The following are general in an enclosed space such as a the fuel lines are under high precautions which should be garage. always take care to as rings. keep your ● Always apply the parking hands.PRECAUTIONS When performing any inspection ● It is advisable to remove ● On gasoline engine models or maintenance work on your necktie and any jewelry. be sure there is proper pressure even when the engine closely observed.

This “Maintenance and
do-it-yourself” section gives
instructions regarding only those
items which are relatively easy for
an owner to perform.
You should be aware that
incomplete or improper servicing
may result in operating difficulties
or excessive emissions, and could
affect your warranty coverage. If
in doubt about any servicing, have
it done by your Pars Khodro

Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-3

Canister Brake fluid reservoir


Air cleaner Coolant reservoir Radiator cap Engine oil filler Power steering fluid Windshield Battery Fuses
cap reservoir washer reservoir

7-4 Maintenance and do-it-yourself

ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM reach of children.

When adding or replacing the
coolant, be sure to use only a
ParsKhodro Genuine Engine
Coolant or equivalent in its quality
with the proper mixture ratio.
Examples are shown below:
Engine Coolant
°C Antifree Demineralized
ze or distilled water
-35 50% 50%
-45 55% 45% Check the coolant level in the
WARNING reservoir tank when the engine is If the cooling system
Never remove the radiator cap cold. If the coolant level is below frequently requires coolant,
when the engine is hot. Serious “MIN”, add coolant to the “MAX”
have it checked by your
burns could be caused by high level. If the reservoir tank is empty,
pressure fluid escaping from the check the coolant level in the PARSKHODRO dealer.
radiator. Wait until the engine and radiator when the engine is cold. If CHANGING ENGINE
radiator cool down. See there is insufficient coolant in the
precautions in “If your vehicle radiator, fill the radiator with
Major cooling system repairs
overheats” found in the “In case of coolant up to the filler opening
should be performed by your
emergency” section. and also add it to the reservoir
ParsKhodro dealer. The service
Anti-freeze is poisonous and tank up to the “MAX” level. procedures can be found in the
should be stored carefully in appropriate ParsKhodro Service
marked containers out of the Manual.

Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-5

Watch the coolant temperature gauge for signs of overheating. Fill the reservoir tank engine overheating. Then install the radiator cap. 3. ● Be careful not to allow 6. Stop the engine. never change driving for a day. the radiator with the proper mixture of ParsKhodro 7-6 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . up to the “MAX” level. Close the radiator drain plug ● Never remove the radiator securely. Open the drain plug at the genuine engine coolant and reduced heater performance and bottom of the radiator and the water. WARNING ● Waste coolant must be 7.Improper servicing can result in 1. Fill from the radiator. Recheck the coolant level ● To avoid the danger of disposed of properly. Fill the reservoir tank up to the “MAX” level. Then race the engine 2 or 3 times under no load. hot. radiator cap. 2. After it completely cools down. 5. See the “Technical Serious burns could be caused information” section for by high pressure fluid escaping cooling system capacity. Check after the vehicle has been being scalded. refill the radiator up to the filler opening. Start the engine and warm it up until it reaches normal operating temperature. sign of leakage. the coolant when the engine is your local regulations. 4. Check the drain plug for any coolant to contact drive belts. cap when the engine is hot.

CHECKING ENGINE OIL 4. depending on the severity of operating conditions. and such damage is not covered by warranty. It LEVEL should be between the “H” 1. ● It is normal to add some oil between oil changes or during the break-in period. 5. Run the engine until it and “L” marks. Turn off the engine. remove temperature. drain back into the oil pan. Operating with insufficient amount of oil can damage the engine. wipe it clean. Remove the dipstick and dipstick. Wait a recommended oil through the few minutes for the oil to opening. Recheck oil level with 3. Reinsert it all the way.ENGINE OIL CAUTION ● Oil level should be checked regularly. Remove the dipstick again and check the oil level. If the oil level reaches operating is below the “L” mark. the oil filler cap and pour 2. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-7 .

Remove the oil filler cap. reach of children. wash plug with a wrench. Add engine oil if necessary. Turn the engine off and CHANGING ENGINE OIL WARNING wait several minutes. thoroughly with soap or hand use excessive force. See the “Technical information” section for refill capacity. reaches operating as the engine oil is hot. Check 1. If the oil filter is to be changed. Do not the oil. Clean and re-install the drain 3.0 to 4. Turn the engine CAUTION off and wait more than 10 Warning Waste oil must be disposed of minutes. the drain plug. Start the engine. 7. Run the engine until it Be careful not to burn yourself. FILL Drain plug tightening torque: 29 to 39 N⋅m (3. Refill engine with recommended oil and install the cap securely. cleaner as soon as possible. 22 to 29 ft-lb) 5. ● Try to avoid direct skin Remove the drain plug with a contact with used oil.0 kg-m. 8. may cause skin cancer. plug and a new washer. Correct as required. Check your local 2. ● Keep used engine oil out of See “Changing oil filter”. If skin Securely tighten the drain wrench and completely drain contact is made. temperature. remove and replace it at this time. 6. Place a large drain pan under contact with used engine oil regulations. 7-8 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . 4. the oil level with the dipstick. Check for DRAIN leakage around the drain plug. ● Prolonged and repeated properly. 10.

Turn the engine off and wait A used oil filter should be several minutes. If in doubt. having your oil filter changed by a ParsKhodro dealer. contact your 5. Turn the engine off. gasket remaining on the mounting including civic amenity sites and surface of the engine. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-9 . Wipe the engine oil filter Protect the environment mounting surface with a clean It is illegal to pollute drains. Use authorized Be sure to remove any old rubber waste collection facilities. Add engine oil if proper facilities. 2. then disposal. tighten an additional 2/3 turn. Screw in the oil filter until a local authority for advice on slight resistance is felt. Coat the rubber gasket on the disposal of used oil and used oil new filter with engine oil. Loosen the oil filter with an oil filter wrench. Start the engine and check Oil filter pollution of the environment will for leakage around the oil cap vary from country to country. filters. water rag. courses and soil. 1. 3. The regulations concerning the 6. garages providing facilities for 4. Check the disposed of at a rubbish tip having oil level. Remove the oil filter by turning it by hand. We recommend necessary. filter. CAUTION Be careful not to burn yourself. CHANGING OIL FILTER 7. Correct as required. as the engine oil may be hot.

Old. should be stored carefully in the system should be thoroughly CAUTION marked containers out of the checked by your ParsKhodro ● Do not overfill. If fluid must be added frequently.POWER STEERING FLUID BRAKE AND CLUTCH FLUID CAUTION ● Refilling and checking the brake system should be left to a ParsKhodro dealer who will have the necessary brake fluid and technical knowledge. ● Use Type DEXRONTMIII or equivalent. add DOT 4 fluid range at fluid temperatures of 0 to up to the MAX line. This will using the “HOT” range at fluid reservoir. to 176°F) or using the “COLD” light comes on. reach of children. ● Do not spill the fluid on The fluid level should be checked Check the fluid level in each painted surfaces. or contaminated fluid may damage the brake and clutch systems. inferior. Check the fluid level. ● Use only new fluid. The use of improper fluids can damage the brake system and affect the vehicle’s stopping ability. dealer. wash with water. If the fluid level is below damage the paint. 7-10 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . WARNING Brake fluid is poisonous and 30°C (32 to 86°F). If fluid is temperatures of 50 to 80°C (122 the MIN line or the brake warning spilled.

Please note the warning part in battery label.  Make certain the terminal connections are clean and securely tightened. Add a washer solvent to the water for better cleaning. Follow the manufacturer’s This car battery is instructions for the mixture ratio. Check the fluid level in the reservoir tank and add fluid if necessary. maintenance-free battery. please washer solution. This may Contact your ParsKhodro dealer. baking soda and water. anti-freeze coolant for window If the battery not working. disconnect the “−” negative battery terminal cable to prevent discharge. In the winter season.WINDOW WASHER FLUID WARNING BATTERY Washer solution is poisonous  Keep the battery surface clean and should be stored carefully and dry. to avoid Do not substitute engine damage to the battery or accident. add a windshield washer anti-freeze. result in damage to the paint.  If the vehicle is not used for long. Any corrosion should in marked containers out of the be washed off with a solution of reach of children. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-11 . Do not CAUTION dismantle or add liquid.

or painted surfaces. eyes. Warning Battery caution label ● Do not expose the battery to flames or electrical sparks. After touching a battery or battery cap. fabrics. Hydrogen gas generated by battery action is explosive. ● Keep the battery out of the reach of children. do not touch or rub your eyes. skin or clothing. 7-12 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . Thoroughly wash your hands. If the acid contacts your eyes. immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes and seek medical attention. Do not allow battery fluid to contact your skin.

Mark all cables to identify. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-13 . the battery fraying or looseness. loose. always hold the boots — not the cables. see Be sure the ignition key is “OFF”. When disconnecting. Visually inspect each belt for section. REPLACEMENT the “In case of emergency” 1. have it replaced or adjusted by your ParsKhodro dealer. CAUTION Be sure the engine and ignition switch are off and that the parking brake is engaged securely. Contact belt is in poor condition or your ParsKhodro dealer. start by jump starting. 2. Have the belts checked regularly for condition and tension in accordance with the maintenance schedule in this manual. cuts. Keep track of the original cable location. 1. Disconnect spark plug cables. If the engine does not signs of unusual wear.JUMP STARTING DRIVE BELTS SPARK PLUG If jump starting is necessary. If the may have to be replaced.

0 kg-m. 3. Spark plug tightening torque: 20 to 29 N⋅m Round type (2. Reconnect the spark plug cables to their original positions. then tighten with a spark plug Clean the filter element after wrench. shake the spark plug gap is shown in element to remove dust. Be careful not to over driving in dusty conditions. Install spark plugs. We the “Technical information” recommend it be cleaned or section. Check each new spark plug Check the filter element to see if it gap with a feeler gauge. tighten it. turn it in cleaner housing and the cover two or three turns by hand and with a damp cloth. (The is dirty.2. maintenance intervals shown in a 4. 14 to 22 ft-lb) 5. wipe the inside of the air When installing a plug. separate maintenance booklet.) Correct it as replaced according to the required. 7-14 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . If it is dirty. Remove spark plugs with a AIR CLEANER FILTER spark plug wrench. When cleaning or replacing the CAUTION filter.0 to 3.

If it is not there. wiper arm until a click sounds. and be careful working on or a mild detergent. wiper. The air a wiper blade chatters when running. Then rinse air cleaner off can cause you or the blade with clear water. wax or other material windshield is still not clear after cleaner not only cleans the air. WIPER BLADES REPLACEMENT Plain type CLEANING Clean the blade by wiping it with a WARNING cloth soaked in a washer solution Operating the engine with the If your windshield is not clear after using the windshield washer or if or a mild detergent. If your others to be burned. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-15 . you could Clean the outside of the REPLACEMENT be burned. Don’t drive with it windshield with a washer solution Pull the wiper arm up. off. then remove the engine with the air cleaner windshield is clean if beads do not the wiper blade. off. backfires. and the engine backfires. cleaning the blades and using the it stops flame if the engine may be on the blade or windshield. Your Push the lock pin. form when rinsing with clear Insert the new wiper blade to the water. replace the blades.

the pedal feels “spongy” or the vehicle seems to take longer to stop. CAUTION BRAKE CONDITIONS ● After wiper blade Parking brake replacement. 7-16 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . return the wiper Periodically check the holding arm to its original position. see your ParsKhodro dealer. ability of the parking brake by ● Otherwise it may be parking on a steep hill and damaged when the engine hood restraining the vehicle by using is opened. If it does ● Make sure the wiper blade not hold satisfactorily. see your contacts the glass. Brake pedal If the brake pedal suddenly goes down further than normal. ParsKhodro dealer. the arm may be damaged from wind pressure. Otherwise. only the parking brake.

Depress the the headlight switch are brake pedal several times. stop the engine. replace it dealer. then turn it off. Open the engine hood. Keeping the pedal depressed for about 30 Engine compartment seconds. without depressing the brake 1. ParsKhodro dealer. If a new fuse opens again. The pedal height should drop a little. Remove the fuse with the If the brakes do not operate fuse puller. depress the specified on the fuse box cover. checked and repaired by your While depressing the brake pedal. start the engine. decrease gradually with each 3. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-17 . sure that the pedal travel distance have the electrical system does not change. not operate. the pedal height should If any electrical equipment does not change. The “OFF”. With the brake pedal depressed. 4. check for an open Run the engine for one minute fuse. with a new fuse. If the fuse is open. properly. Remove the fusible link depression as the vacuum is cover.BRAKE BOOSTER FUSES Check the brake booster function Never use a fuse of higher with the following steps: amperage rating than that With the engine off. Be sure the ignition key and pedal. released from the booster. see your ParsKhodro 5. pedal travel distance will 2. brake pedal several times to make 6.

Be sure the ignition key and specified on the fuse box cover. 4. If a new fuse opens again. Remove the fuse with the ParsKhodro dealer. check for an open If never use a fuse of higher fuse. Remove the fuse box lid. amperage rating than that 1. fuse puller. checked and repaired by your 3. “OFF”. the fuse is open. the headlight switch are 5. 7-18 Maintenance and do-it-yourself .Passenger compartment If any electrical equipment does CAUTION not operate. replace it with a new fuse. have the electrical system 2.

The bulb may break if the glass envelope is scratched or the bulb is dropped. Never touch the glass envelope. A bulb can be replaced inside the engine compartment without removing the headlight assembly.LIGHT BULBS HEADLIGHTS (Semi-sealed beam type) The headlight is a semi-sealed beam type which uses a replaceable headlight bulb. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-19 . CAUTION: High pressure halogen gas is sealed inside the halogen bulb.

Install the new bulb in the the headlight reflector for a reverse order of removal.  Aiming is usually not 3.  DO NOT TOUCH THE BULB. Push and turn the retaining necessary after replacing the pin to loosen it. the performance of the 1. 2. Press the rubber cap firmly moisture. smoke may enter so the lip comes into contact the headlight body and affect OTHER LIGHTS Stop/Tail light 21/5 Item Wattage(W) Back-up light 21 Front turn signal light 21 Rear fog light 21 Front position lamp 4.Replacing the headlight bulb with the headlight body. rubber cap. bulb when removing it. adjustment is necessary.  Do not leave the bulb out of 5. bulb. Remove the headlight bulb. Disconnect the negative CAUTION: headlight.5(0.5*9) License plate light 5 Side turn signal light 5 Interior light 10 Rear combination light Personal light 8 Turn signal light 21 7-20 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . battery cable. Disconnect the electrical  Use the same number and connector from the rear end of wattage as originally installed: the bulb and remove the Wattage 60/55. Do not shake or rotate the contact your NISSAN dealer. long period of time as dust. When aiming 4.

LIGHT LOCATION Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-21 .

7-22 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . Method for Replacement These are all types of the light. Remove the shade first before you want to replace it.

Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-23 . WHEELS AND TIRES If you have a flat tire. CAUTION Incorrect tire pressure may adversely affect tire life and vehicle handling. Tire pressure should be checked when tires are COLD. Tire inflation pressure Periodically check the tire pressure (including spare). COLD tire pressures are shown on the tire placard affixed to the glove box or driver’s side center pillar. see “In case of emergency” section.

Tires should be periodically care or maintenance can affect inspected for wear. consult your ParsKhodro bulging or deep cuts are found. ● After rotating the tires. At See “Flat tire” in the “In case of high speeds. Never use a tire over six years old.000 miles) for an overheating of the tire and 4WD vehicles.COLD pressure Tire rotation After vehicle has been parked for ParsKhodro recommends that three hours or more or driven less tires be rotated every 10.6 km (1 mile). (6. If in doubt. The original tires have a built-in tread wear indicator. Warning Tire wear and damage Incorrect tire selection. regardless 7-24 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . subsequent internal damage. bursting of the tire. tread. cracking. fitting. vehicle safety with risk of bulging or objects caught in the accident and injury. When the wear indicator is visible. If excessive wear. cracks.000 miles) for 2WD vehicles Insufficient pressure can lead to and 5. dealer or the tire manufacturer.000 km (3. the tire should be replaced. the tire should be replaced. this could result in emergency” section for tire tread separation and even replacing procedures.000 km than 1. adjust the tire pressure. Tire age Remember tire age.

construction have your tires checked and If the wheels are changed for any (bias. out of balance. possibly degraded rear axles which will cause Changing tires and wheels excessive tire wear and may When replacing a tire. headlight aim and Maintenance and do-it-yourself 7-25 . Report all wheels which have the same Failure to do so may result in a accidents where the tire is offset dimension. always replace with tread pattern on all four wheels. and balanced frequently by a reason. Such interference can lead to decreased braking gears. speed rating and load transfer case and differential carrying capacity as originally discs/drums. braking. Wheels of a circumference difference knocked however minor. specified for each 4-wheel drive and tires” in the “Technical model. The use of WARNING tires other than those Do not install a deformed wheel Wheel balance recommended or the mixed use of or tire even if it has been Unbalanced wheels may affect tires of different brands. Even construction (bias. same size. wheels can get radial).of whether it has been used or bumper height. should be balanced as required. Therefore. snow chain clearance. ground clearance. Some of these CAUTION not. bias-belted or could have structural damage with regular use. same size. brand. bias-belted or radial). effects may lead to accidents and ● Always use tires of the Tires degrade with age as well as could result in serious personal the use they are subjected to. Such wheels or tires vehicle handling and tire life. or tread patterns can and could fail without warning. Recommended types ● ONLY use spare tires and sizes are shown in “Wheels efficiency and/or early brake pad/shoe wear. recognized tire agent. use the vehicle handling characteristics and/or interference with the brake damage the transmission. repaired. different offset could cause early between tires on the front and tire wear. injury. information” section. they adversely affect the ride. equipped. speedometer calibration. body-to-tire clearance. handling.

check water entry in the ● ParsKhodro recommends Tire chains must be installed only clutch housing by removing the that the road wheels be waxed on the rear wheels and not on the blind plug at the bottom of the to protect against road salt in front wheels. Otherwise. wheels when the wheel is Loose end links of the tire chain changed or the underside of the must be secured or removed to vehicle is washed. Checking water entry pressure or damage the tire Never install tire chains on a small Whenever you drive in deep water bead. vehicle handling and performance This may cause loss of may be adversely affected. your ● Inspect wheel rims vehicle may be damaged and/or regularly for dents or corrosion. Use chain tensioners when their appearance. chains. recommended by the tire chain ● Clean the inner side of the manufacturer to ensure a tight fit. prevent the possibility of whipping ● Do not use abrasive action damage to the fenders or cleaners when washing the undercarriage. areas where it is used during Do not drive with tire chains on be sure to reinstall the plug. size spare tire.Care of wheels for the tires on your vehicle and CLUTCH HOUSING ● Wash the wheels when are installed according to the washing the vehicle to maintain chain manufacturer’s suggestions. When driving on clear paved make sure they are of proper size roads. a reduced speed. In addition. drive at wheels. winter. When installing tire chains. or mud. Driving with chains in such Use of tire chains is prohibited conditions can cause damage to according to location. After checking. 7-26 Maintenance and do-it-yourself . Check the the various mechanisms of the local laws before installing tire vehicle due to some overstress. transmission case. paved roads which are clear of Tire chains snow. be sure to change to 2WD.

........ MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS ........................................ 8-8 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................ 8-2 ENGINE AND EMISSION CONTROL GENERAL MAINTENANCE ..................... 8-7 INSIDE THE VEHICLE.... 8-4 MAINTENANCE UNDER SEVERE DRIVING UNDER THE HOOD AND VEHICLE .................. 8-5 Maintenance schedule 8-1 . 8-3 CHASSIS BODY MAINTENANCE ...... 8-3 MAINTENANCE.... 8-4 CONDITIONS ....................8... 8-6 OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE ....

They are completely longer service intervals to save checked during normal day-to-day qualified to work on ParsKhodro’s you both time and money. you are the These checks or inspections can only one who can ensure that be done by yourself. department performs the best job performance. have the systems items are described and listed in a checked and tuned by an separate maintenance booklet.MAINTENANCE ensure that necessary well-trained specialists and are REQUIREMENTS maintenance is performed on your kept up to date with the latest vehicle at regular intervals. a qualified your vehicle receives the proper technician or. Performing general maintenance to meet the maintenance It is the owner’s responsibility to checks require minimal requirements on our vehicle — in make sure that scheduled mechanical skill and only a few a reliable and economic way. designed to have minimum General maintenance includes and in-dealership training maintenance requirements with those items which should be programs. the or your vehicle appears to required scheduled maintenance malfunction. if you prefer. Where to go for service Scheduled maintenance If maintenance service is required For your convenience. You are a vital ParsKhodro dealer. link in the maintenance chain. It is have worked on it. to maintain your vehicle’s good your responsibility to perform You can be confident that your mechanical condition. your maintenance care. is performed. rather than after they regular maintenance is essential continue to operate properly. as well as general maintenance. authorized ParsKhodro dealer. general automotive tools. maintenance. service tips. service information through Your new vehicle has been General maintenance technical bulletins. You must refer to that booklet to ParsKhodro technicians are 8-2 Maintenance schedule . operation of the vehicle. some day-to-day and essential if your vehicle is to vehicle. as well as these procedures regularly as ParsKhodro dealer’s service its emission and engine prescribed. As a vehicle owner. They are vehicles before they work on your However.

000 sounds.GENERAL MAINTENANCE OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE headlights.000 miles) for 4WD vehicles. general here should be performed from installed securely. Lights* Make sure that the Maintenance schedule 8-3 . check for lubrication frequently. stop lights. cause or have your ParsKhodro spare) and adjust to the specified However. tail lights. surface conditions.000 smell. cuts or your driving habits and road ParsKhodro dealer if you think excessive wear. Additional information on the Make sure that the secondary following items with “*” is found latch keeps the hood from later in this section. Also ensure that all latches lock securely. and other lights During the normal day-to-day The maintenance items listed are all operating properly and operation of the vehicle. vibrations or gauge periodically when at a miles) for 2WD vehicles and 5.000 km (6. turn signal lights. that repairs are required. In addition. pressure if necessary. opening when the primary latch is released. regularly as prescribed in this specified. Windshield wiper blades* Check When performing any checks or for cracks or wear if they do not maintenance work. Check rotation may vary according to you should notify your carefully for damage. Lubricate MAINTENANCE ITEMS hinges and latches if necessary. Also check maintenance should be performed time to time. observe “Maintenance Doors and engine hood Check precautions” later in this section. be sure to check for the service station (including the km (3. unless otherwise headlight aim. Tire rotation* Tires should be section. that all doors and the engine hood EXPLANATION OF GENERAL operate properly. When driving in areas using road salt or other corrosive materials. the timing for tire dealer do it promptly. closely wipe properly. If you detect any unusual Tires* Check the pressure with a rotated every 10.

Make sure that the brake and belts. keep your or strange noises. clothing.g. in the steering conditions. such as Engine oil level* Check the level ● If you must work with the excessive free play. cleaning the vehicle. such as when here should be checked transmission control lever to performing periodic maintenance. be sure there is proper prevent serious accidental injury ventilation for exhaust gases. Check reservoir. watch. always take care to garage. etc. ● When working under the Warning/indicator lights and Windshield washer fluid* Check engine hood. turn the engine buzzers/chimes make sure that that there is adequate fluid in the off and wait until it cools down. hard steering after parking the vehicle on a level engine running. to yourself or damage to the ● Never get under the vehicle vehicle. hair and tools Seat belts check that all parts of Brake and clutch fluid level* away from moving fans and fan the seat belt system (e. all warning/indicator lights and tank. spot and turning off the engine. fraying. When performing any inspection ● If you must run the engine or maintenance work on your in an enclosed space such as a vehicle. as rings.INSIDE THE VEHICLE UNDER THE HOOD AND closely observed. periodically e. ● Be sure to turn the ignition buzzers/chimes are operating Engine coolant level* Check the key to the “OFF” position when properly. check the engine oil or refuel. wear or damage. MAX and MIN lines on the necktie and any jewelry. The following are general while it is supported only by a precautions which should be jack. VEHICLE ● Park the vehicle on a level The maintenance items listed surface. hands. apply the parking here should be checked on a The maintenance items listed brake securely and move the regular basis. each time you neutral (“N”). repair. coolant level when the engine is performing any replacement or Steering wheel Check for change cold. anchors. etc. such and are installed securely. buckles. If it is necessary to work 8-4 Maintenance schedule .g. PRECAUTIONS working on your vehicle. before the belt webbing for cuts. adjusters and retractors) clutch fluid level is between the ● It is advisable to remove operate properly and smoothly.

If Periodic maintenance beyond the moving. in doubt about any servicing. connector while the ignition key You should be aware that additional or more frequent is on. vehicle fluid. prevent the vehicle from affect your warranty coverage. with the multiport fuel injection dealer. fuel and battery. do-it-yourself” section gives Depending on weather and ● Never connect or instructions regarding only those atmospheric conditions varying disconnect either the battery or items which are relatively easy for road surfaces. have last period shown on the labels ● On gasoline engine models it done by your ParsKhodro requires similar maintenance.under the vehicle. individuate driving any transistorized component an owner to perform. the fuel filter or fuel lines should be serviced by PERIODIC MAINTENANCE a ParsKhodro dealer because the fuel lines are under high The following table’s list the pressure even when the engine periodic maintenance servicing is off. important service periods and Maintenance schedule 8-5 . and could driving conditions”. ● Always apply the parking may result in operating difficulties See “Maintenance under severe brake and block the wheels to or excessive emissions. regulations for disposal of condition of your new vehicle. incomplete or improper servicing maintenance may be required. habits and vehicle usage. ● Improperly disposed motor The first 1000 km (600 miles) of oil and/or other vehicle fluids cervical is one of the most can hurt the environment. ● Keep smoking materials. (MFI) system. required ensuring good engine ● Failure to follow these or and emission control system other common sense performance and good guidelines may lead to serious mechanical condition of your new injury or vehicle damage. support it Always conform to local is vital to ensure the optimum with safety stands. The following tables show the flame and sparks away from This “Maintenance and normal maintenance schedule. vehicle.

Under hood and under vehicle Toque check manifolds & exhaust tube nuts & carburetor fixing nuts *1 I Adjust clearance of inspiration and exhaust valve A A A A Check drive belts for cracks. C=Clean. MAINTENANCE INTERVAL MAINTENANCE OPERATION km×1000 1. wear & tension I*1 I*1 I I*1 I Change engine anti-freeze coolant (ethylene glycol base.5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Perform either at number of kilometersor Months — 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 months km×1000 which ever comes first. LLC) R R Check cooling system I I I I Check fuel lines I I Clean & replace air cleaner filter (Dry type) ★ C C C R C C C R Engine oil (Adopt API SL oil) & oil filter R R R R R R R R Replace fuel filter★ R R Check & replace spark plugs *2 R R Check ignition wires I I Check PCV system I I Check vacuum fitting hoses & connections*1 I I I I Check EVAP vapor lines I I Check heated Oxygen sensor (exhaust sensor) I I NOTE: Maintenance items with “★” should be performed more frequently according to “Maintenance under severe driving conditions”. *2 Vehicle with three-way catalytic converter. *1 Vehicle without three-way catalytic converter. 8-6 Maintenance schedule . fraying. I=Check & replace.ENGINE AND EMISSION CONTROL MAINTENANCE R=Replace. A=Adjust.

drums & other components★ I I I I Check for wheel bearing grease(4×2) I I Check &repack front wheel latch(4×4)★ I★ R I★ R Lubricate lock. parking brake &clutch for free play stroke I I I I I I I I &operation NOTE :Maintenance items with “★” should be performed more frequently according to “Maintenance under severe driving conditions” ※ :Change oils every 100. Under hood Check brake. C=Clean. suspension parts drive I I I I I I I I I shaft★ Check steering damper I I I I Retighten body mounting T T T T T Outside and inside Check wheel alignment. I=Check & replace. disc & other brake components★ I I I I I I I I Check brake lings. hinges hood latch★ L L L L L L L L Check seat belts. axle. clutch. MAINTENANCE INTERVAL MAINTENANCE OPERATION km×1000 1. rotate & balance wheel I I I I Check brake pads. A=Adjust.5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Perform either at number of kilometersor Months — 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 months km×1000 which ever comes first.CHASSIS BODY MAINTENANCE R=Replace. steering gear fluid or oil level for leaks I I I I I I I I Check brake fluid★ R R Check brake booster vacuum hoses.000 km. if necessary. Maintenance schedule 8-7 . buckles. retractors & anchors adjuster I I I I Check foot brake. clutch exhaust system I I I I I I I I Check oil level change oil in manual transmission※ I I I I I I I I Check oil level change oil in transfer differential gear I I I R I I I R Antiskid differential mechanism gear oil I R I R Check steering gear box linkage. connection & check valve I I Check power steering fluid & lines I I I I I I I I Check brake.

500 km F— Driving in high humidity areas or in &free-running hub grease(4×4) or 1. If the Cyclone pre-air cleaner Check vehicle in mainly operated under Positive crankcase ventilation filter & Replace air induction valve filter severe driving conditions as A B C D · · · · · · Engine oil Every 2. Correct or replace if necessary. drums &other brake Every 5. Maintenance operation: Check=Check. in the desert.500 km C— Towing a trailer &front drive shafts or 1. mountainous areas. Front wheel bearing grease · · · · · · · · · J Check Every 2.5 months. D— Extensive idling Brake pad.000 km Severe driving conditions · · · · · F · · · · Brake fluid or 6 months. I— Frequent Brake or driving in mountainous areas J— Frequent driving in water. A— Driving under dusty conditions · · · · · · G H · · Steering gear & linkage. · · · · · · G · · · Lock. extremely high.5 months. 8-8 Maintenance schedule .500km or shown below.5 months. propeller shafts Check Every 2. maintenance must be performed Every 2.5 months. on the table. condition or in areas where ambient Brake linings. A · · · E · · · · · Fuel fluid Every 10. disc & other brake A C · · · · G H I · Check E— Driving in extremely adverse weather components. more frequent Gasoline engine Replace 1.500 km A B C D · · · · · · Engine oil Replace on the following items as shown or 1.000 km A C · · · · G H I · Check temperatures are either extremely low or components or 3 months. axle B— Driving repeatedly short distance &suspension parts.MAINTENANCE UNDER H— Driving on rough and /or muddy roads or SEVERE DRIVING Driving condition maintenance Maintenance Maintenance CONDITIONS operation interval A · · · · · · · · · Air cleaner filter More frequently The maintenance intervals shown Dry type Clean on the preceding pages are for All type Replace normal operating conditions. hinges &hood latch lubricate G— Driving in areas using salt or other corrosive materials.

................................... 9-11 TIRE PRESSURE........................... 9-7 VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION ....................... 9-5 WHEN TRAVELING OR REGISTERING IN ENGINE .................................. 9-11 WHEELS AND TIRES ................................................................................. 9-8 Technical information 9-1 .......................... 9-9 RECOMMENDED FUEL ................................... 9-2 POSITION OF MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR ................. 9-5 THE VEHICLE TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM REFRIGERANT FIGURE ................ 9-10 AND LUBRICANT RECOMMENDATIONS ......................... 9-7 WHEEL ALIGNMENT PARAMETER ............... 9-9 RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSI NUMBER............................... TECHNICAL INFORMATION CAPACITES AND RECOMMENDED TIGHTEN TORQUE OF BOLT AND NUT IN KEY FUEL/LUBRICANTS ..... 9-6 ANOTHER COUNTRY ......................................9......................... 9-4 DRIVER’S TOOLS ..

see the recommended fuel chart. Capacity(approximate) Recommended fuel/lubricants Liter *1 Fuel 60 Engine oil(Refill) · API Certification Mark*2 With oil filter 6 ZG24 · API SL Cooling system(with reservoir tank) PARSKHODRO Genuine Engine Coolant or equivalent in With air condition 9. see the recommended SAE viscosity chart. For further details.5 ZG24 its quality。 * 1. When refilling. The actual refill capacities may be a little different from them. For further details. follow the procedure instructed in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section to determine the proper refill capacity. 9-2 Technical information . * 2.CAPACITES AND RECOMMENDED FUEL/LUBRICANTS The following values are approximate capacities.

Capacity (approximate) Recommended fuel/lubricants Liter Manual 2. * 3. For further information,see the index tag of air condition.2 API GL-4*1 viscosity SAE75W-90 only transmission oil Main reducing gear 1. see the recommended SAE viscosity chart. NLGI NO. Technical information 9-3 . Could be gotten from authorized dealer. API GL-4 Transfer Electric type 1. ATF DEXRON Ⅲ Multi-purpose grease -. product DOT 4 Manual type 2.8 75W/90.2 SPEC40-00-244-001. * 2.2 (Lithium soap base) Air condition system refrigerant kg HFC-134a(R-134a) *5 PARSKHODRO air condition system R model Air condition system lubricants oil or equivalent product。*5 * 1.6 API GL-5*1 oil Refill to the proper oil level Power steering fluid according to the PARSKHODRO ATF DX or equivalent product*3 instructions in the “Maintenance and do-it PARSKHODRO brake fluid*4 or equivalent Brake and clutch fluid yourself” section. For further details.

the three way catalytic It could damage the engine when converter. Don’t worry. oppressive the engine got the highest oil emission control system, and knocking when using the efficiency in the situation of big influence the control circle. ethanol gasoline). If there is Except for three way catalyst oppressive knocking or jar less equipped models: Unleaded or knocking driving on the lever road leaded gasoline of above 87 with jar less speed when you use octane (RON). the previous fuel,please contact CAUTION: the authorized PARSKHODRO Use unleaded gasoline if maintenance service center to instructed on the fuel filler lid. But. it could increase the oil wear and damage engine by over heat. unleaded gasoline of below 93 load. because ● Doesn’t use recommend for car). you will hear light knocking you could use unleaded gasoline once in a while when accelerating CAUTION of 88 octanes (or alcohol gasoline or climbing. the light knocking indicates that fuel will heavily damage the It will cause continued. If you face any 9-4 Technical information .RECOMMENDED FUEL RON CAUTION TRANSACTION: previous situation. please contact Use unleaded gasoline of above authorized PARSKHODRO Unleaded gasoline of above 87 93 octane ( RON)( or alcohol maintenance service center to octane (RON) ( or automotive gasoline for car)。But on the high check your car. Incorrect timing ignition will cause knocking. then. altitude localities(over 1219m). the situation is severe. Else , the car was inappropriate used,there is no duty of PARSKHODRO. adjust the working condition for you. ● In any situation,Don’t use octane .Knocking is a kind of leaded gasoline,it will damage sound similarly as knocking metal.

The release of refrigerant into the atmosphere is not recommended. CAUTION: Use of any other refrigerants or lubricants will cause severe damage and you will need to Not recommended replace your vehicle’s entire air for sustained high speed driving conditioning system. PARSKHODRO temperature above ﹣20℃。 differential gear. suitable. However it may ● For cold and warm areas: system and gearing system. Nissan A/C System Oil Type R or the exact equivalents. Technical information 9-5 . recommends that the refrigerant ● For hot areas: be recovered and recycled. ● For hot areas: 90 is suitable for ambient 15W-40 20W-20 and 20W-50 are temperatures below 40℃.RECOMMENDED SAE AIR CONDITIONING VISCOSI NUMBER SYSTEM REFRIGERANT Outside Temperature Range Anticipated Before Next Oil Change AND LUBRICANT Gasoline Engine Oil RECOMMENDATIONS The air conditioning system in this PARSKHODRO vehicle must be charged with the refrigerant HFC-134a (R-134a) and the lubricant. contribute in a small part to global 10W-30 is preferable for ambient 80W-90 is preferable for warming. The new refrigerant HFC-134a ● For cold and warm areas: (R-134a) in your PARSKHODRO Recommend SAE Viscosity 75W-90 is preferable for gasoline number vehicle will not harm the earth’s engine vehicle’s transmission ozone layer.

ENGINE ZG24 Cylinder arrangement 4-cylinder.1±0. ram it using plunger.1 Camshaft operation Timing chain Emissions Euro IV+OBD ★ : When the switching vacuum hoses cutting-off. 9-6 Technical information .in-line Type Gasoline.4-cylcle Bore x stroke (mm) 95×86 Displacement (ml) 2438 Firing order 1—3—4—2 Max power and relevant speed (kW/rpm) 102/4600~5000 Max torque and relevant speed (N*m/rpm) 217/2600~3200 Idle speed (rpm) M/T: 750±50 Spark plug (Standard)Gap (mm) 1.

6PR 15×6JJ,15×5½JK ○ LT215/75R15.8PR 15×6JJ,15×5½JK ○ P215/75R15 15×6½JJ ○ ○:Equipment ●:Available ×:Unavailable TIRE PRESSURE Tire pressure(F/R)Kpa) half load Fully loaded LT215/75R15.8PR 250/250 250/450 P215/75R15 180/200 200/250 Technical information 9-7 .WHEELS AND TIRES Car model Pick-up VAN Tire Wheel LT215/75R15.6PR 250/250 250/350 LT215/75R15.

WHEEL ALIGNMENT PARAMETER Item 4×2 model 4×4model Kingpin inclination 9°13′±30′ 10°48±30′ Caster angle 0°32′±30′ 2°10±30′ Front-wheel camber 0°17′±30′ 0°36±30′ Convergences of front wheels(mm) 3~5 4~6 Nearside wheel LT215/75R15 36°12′0°-2° 35°18′0°-2° Max front wheel turning angle Off-side wheel LT215/75R15 32°48′0°-2° 33°30′0°-2° Note: The parameter upwards is in unladed state of the vehicle. 9-8 Technical information .

Steering link ball nut: 54-98 power divider: 25-34 12. Engine crankcase drain plug: 29-39 No power steering: 235-265 2. Fueling plug and drain plug of transmission \ 11. Engine adjustment lock nut: 16-21 Power steering: 137-177 3. Front shock absorber bottom tighten bolt: 7. Bolt and nut of propeller shaft: 39-44 bolt: 98-118 6. Transaxle drain plug R: 59-98 13. Steering rocker arm shaft lock nut DRIVER’S TOOLS No. Steering tie rod lock nut: 2WD: 14-20 4. Name Amount note No. Wheel nut: 118-147 14. Front suspension top swing arm adjustment 5. Steering drive shaft universal joint tighten bolt: 15.TIGHTEN TORQUE OF BOLT AND NUT IN KEY POSITION OF MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR (UNIT: N*m) 1. Seat belt abutment anchor bolt: 43-55 10. Rear leaf spring pin and hanger pin lock nut: 24-29 78-98 9. Steering wheel lock nut: 29-39 118-147 8. Coupling bolt between steering gear case and 16. Name Amount note 1 Kit bag 1 Jack 3 1 2 Wheel sleeve 1 assembly 4 Jack bar 1 Technical information 9-9 . Rear leaf spring U-shape bolt and nut: 88-98 supporter: 84-96 17.

THE VEHICLE TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE FIGURE Drive Mode 4×2 4×4 Item Vehicle Code ZN1033U2N4 ZN1033UBN4 Body Mode Double cab Double cab Overall Length mm 4885 4980 Overall Width mm 1690 1820 Overall Height mm 1650 1715 Wheelbase mm 2950 2950 L mm 1395 1395 Platform Dimensions W mm 1390 1390 H mm 430 430 Complete Vehicle kg 2570 2740 Design MAX Mass Complete Vehicle curb Mass kg 1495 1665 Rated Load Mass kg 750 750 Amount Of Occupant P 5 5 F mm 1415 1545 Tire Tread R mm 1410 1525 MAX Speed km/h 160 160 Approach Angle / ° 29/26 42/36 Leave Angle Ground Clearance mm 210 215 MAX Climbing Capacity ≥30% ≥40% The overall length will be 4980mm if equipped with rear bumper. 9-10 Technical information . the Leave Angle of the 4×2 will be 20° and the 4×4 will be 32°.

When planning to travel in another
country, you should first find out if
the fuel available is suitable for
your vehicle’s engine.
Using fuel with too low an octane
rating may cause engine damage.
Therefore, avoid taking your
vehicle to areas where
appropriate fuel is not available.
When traveling or registering in
another country, state, province or
district, check with the local
authorities that the vehicle Vehicle identification plate is
complies with the requirements. affixed as shown。
The laws and regulations for
motor vehicle emission control
and safety standards vary
according to the country state,
province or district; therefore,
vehicle specifications may differ.
When any vehicle is to be taken
into another country, state,
province or district and registered,
its modifications, transportation
and registration are the
responsibility of the user.
PARSKHODRO is not responsible

Technical information 9-11

NUMBER (VIN) PLATE NUMBER (VIN) The number is stamped on the
VIN plate is affixed on the left side The Vehicle identification number engine as shown.
of instrument panel in the cab as is stamped as shown.
shown. The VIN code is your
vehicle’s identification code which
will be available while vehicle

9-12 Technical information

The cold tire pressure is shown on SPECIFICATION LABEL
the tire placard. The tire placard is The label is stamped under the
stamped on the glove box as engine cover as shown.

Technical information 9-13