3 views

Uploaded by Maruf_007

REV2

- Lesson Planning y=Mx c
- Modelo Tracy Carter Tarek Amed
- lesson plan 2
- Cartesian Plane
- Maths 2year
- 5) C1 Coordinate Geometry in the (x,y) Plane
- MODUL CEMERLANG TING 4 matematik.doc
- Period 5 Geometry in Our World
- DHS 2015 H2 Y5 Math Promos Questions
- Grade 9 Workbook
- Additional Math Paper 1(Solaf)
- Metodos Mixtos de integracion directa
- Chapter 11 II Graphs of Functions ENRICH
- Part 1 - Coordinate Geometry - Introduction
- Practice Paper
- FirstYear_ModelPaper
- xs03
- UBC Math 253 -t1-15
- algebra 1 syllabus2017-2018
- 219 Suggested Problems Spring 2015

You are on page 1of 53

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 1

Question:

(b) Find an equation of the line, perpendicular to L, which passes through P. Give your answer in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are

integers.

Solution:

(a)

For x = 3 ,

y=5 (23) =56= 1 Substitute x = 3

into the equation of L .

So ( 3 , 1 ) lies on L . Give a conclusion.

(b)

y = 2x + 5 Compare with

Gradient of L is 2 . y = mx + c to find

the gradient m

Perpendicular to L , For a perpendicular

1

gradient is 2

(

line, the gradient

1

2

2= 1)

1

is

m

1 Use y y1 = m

y ( 1) = (x3)

2 ( x x1 )

1 3

y+1 = 2

x 2

Multiply by 2

2y + 2 =x3

0 = x 2y 5 This is the required

x 2y 5 =0 form ax + by + c = 0 ,

(a=1,b= 2,c= 5) where a , b and c

are integers.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_1.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 2

Question:

(b) Find an equation of the line through A and B, giving your answer in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.

Solution:

(a)

A: ( 2,1) ,B

The distance between

(5,2)

AB =\ (5 ( 2) ) 2 + (21) 2 two points is

\ ( x2 x1 ) 2 + ( y2 y1 )

= \ ( 72 + 12 ) = \ 50 2

( Pythagoras's

Theorem )

\ 50 = \ ( 25 2 ) = 5\ 2 Use \ ( ab ) = \ a\ b

AB = 5\ 2

(b)

21 1

m= = Find the gradient

5 ( 2) 7

y2 y1

m=

x2 x1

1 Use y y1 = m

y1 = (x ( 2) )

7 ( x x1 )

1 2

y1 = x+ Multiply by 7

7 7

7y 7 =x+2

0 = x 7y + 9 This is the required

x 7y + 9 =0 form ax + by + c = 0 ,

(a=1,b= 7,c=9) where a , b and c

are integers.

(c)

x=0: Use x = 0 to find

0 7y + 9 =0 where the line meets

9 = 7y the y-axis.

9 2

y= 7

or y = 1 7

2

C is the point ( 0 , 1 )

7

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_2.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 3

Question:

1

The line l1 passes through the point (9, 4) and has gradient 3

.

(a) Find an equation for l1 in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.

The line l2 passes through the origin O and has gradient 2. The lines l1 and l2 intersect at the point P.

Solution:

(a)

1 Use y y1 = m

y ( 4) = (x9)

3 ( x x1 )

1

y+4 = 3

(x9)

1

y+4 = 3

x3 Multiply by 3

3y + 12 =x9

0 = x 3y 21

This is the

x 3y 21 =0

required

( a = 1 , b = 3 , c = 21 ) form ax + by + c = 0 ,

where a , b and c

are integers.

(b)

Equation of l2 : y = 2x The equation of a

straight line through

the origin

is y = mx .

l1 : x 3y 21 =0

x 3 ( 2x ) 21 =0 Substitute y = 2x

x + 6x 21 =0 into the equation

7x = 21 of l1

x =3

y= 23= 6 Substitute back

into y = 2x

Coordinates of P :

(3, 6)

(c)

the given information

wrong assumptions. Here, for

example, OPC is not 90

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_3.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

as the perpendicular height

0 3y 21 =0 Put x = 0 in the

3y = 21 equation of l1

y = 7

So OC = 7 and PN = 3 The distance of P

from the y-axis is

the same as its

x-coordinate

1

Area of OCP = 2

( base height )

1

= 2

(73)

1

= 10

2

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_3.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 4

Question:

The points A(1, 7), B(20, 7) and C(p, q) form the vertices of a triangle ABC, as shown in the figure. The point D(8, 2) is the mid-point of AC.

(b) Find an equation for l, in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.

Solution:

(a)

1+p x1 + x2

( , ( ,

2 2

= (8,2)

7+q y1 + y2

2

) )

2

is the mid-point

of the line from

( x1 , y1 ) to

( x2 , y2 )

1+p Equate the x-

=8

2 coordinates

1+p = 16

p = 15

7+q Equate the y-

=2

2 coordinates

7+q =4

q = 3

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_4.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

27 5

m= 81

= 7

and D, with

y2 y1

m= x2 x1

,

of AC ( or

AD ) .

Gradient of l is For a perpendicular

1

7 line, the

5 =

( ) 5 gradient

7

1

is m

7 The

y2 = (x8)

5 line l passes

through D ( 8 , 2 )

. So

use this point in

y y1 = m

( x x1 )

7x 56 Multiply

y2 =

5 5 by 5

5y 10 = 7x 56

0 = 7x 5y 46

This is

7x 5y 46 =0

in the

required form

( a = 7 , b = 5 , c = 46 ) ax + by + c = 0 ,

where a , b and c

are integers.

(c)

The equation of AB

is y = 7

At E : Substitute y = 7 into

the equation

7x ( 5 7 ) 46 =0

of l to

find the point

7x 35 46 =0

E.

7x = 81

4

x = 11

7

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_4.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 5

Question:

The straight line l2 is perpendicular to l1 and passes through the point (6, 2).

(a) Find an equation for l2 in the form y = mx + c, where m and c are constants.

The lines l1 and l2 cross the x-axis at the point A and B respectively.

Solution:

(a)

The gradient Compare

of l1 is 3 . with y = mx + c .

So the gradient

1 For a perpendicular

of l2 is 3

line, the gradient

1

is m

Eqn . of l2 :

1 Use y y1 = m

y2 = (x6)

3 ( x x1 )

1

y2 = 3

x+2

1

y = 3

x+4 This is the required

form y = mx + c .

(b)

Solve these

y = 3x 6

equations

1

y = 3

x+4 simultaneously

1

3x 6 = 3

x+4

1

3x + 3

x =4+6

10 Multiply

x = 10

3 by 3 and

x =3 divide by 10

y=

(33) Substitute back

6=3

The point

C is into y = 3x 6

(3,3)

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_5.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

the given information.

0 = 3x 6 where the lines

3x =6 meet the x-axis

x =2

A is the point ( 2 , 0 )

Where l2 meets the x-axis , y = 0 :

1

0 = 3

x+4

1

3

x =4

x = 12

B is the point ( 12 , 0 )

Although C is a right-angle, it is

easier to use AB as the base.

AB = 10 ( 12 2 ) The distance of C

The perpendicular height, using from the x-axis is

AB as the base, is 3 the same as its

y-coordinate.

1

Area of ABC = 2

( base height )

1

= 2

( 10 3 )

= 15

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_5.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 6

Question:

The line l1 crosses the y-axis at the point M and the line l2 crosses the y-axis at the point N.

Solution:

(a)

6x 4y 5 =0 (i) Solve the equations

=0

x + 2y 3 simultaneously

( ii )

Find x in terms of y from

x = 3 2y

equation (ii)

6 ( 3 2y ) 4y 5 =0 Substitute into equation (i)

18 12y 4y 5 =0

18 5 = 12y + 4y

16y = 13

13

y =

16

13 26

x=32( 16

) =3 16

Substitute back into x = 3 2y

3

x =1 8

3

P is the point ( 1 8

,

13

16

)

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_6.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

axis , x = 0 where the

lines meet the y-

0 4y 5 =0

axis .

4y = 5

5

y = 4

5

M is the point ( 0 , 4

)

Where l2 meets the y-

axis , x = 0 :

0 + 2y 3 =0

2y =3

3

y = 2

3

N is the point ( 0 , 2

)

perpendicular height.

MN = + =

2 4 4 the same as its

x-coordinate

3 11

PQ =1 8

= 8

1

Area = 2

of MNP

( base height )

1 11 11

= 2

( 4

8

)

121

= 64

57

=1

64

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_6.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 7

Question:

The 5th term of an arithmetic series is 4 and the 15th term of the series is 39.

Solution:

(a)

nth

term = a +

(n1)d

n=5: a + 4d =4 (i) Substitute the given

n = 15 : a + 14d

= 39 values into the nth term

( ii ) formula.

Subtract (ii)-(i)

10d = 35 Solve simultaneously.

1

d =3 2

Common difference is 3

1

2

(b)

1

a+ (43 2

) =4 Substitute back into equation (i).

a + 14 =4

a = 10

First term is 10

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_7.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

1

Sn = n ( 2a + ( n 1 )

2

d)

1 Substitute the

n = 15 , a = 10 , d = 3 2 values

into the

sum formula.

1

= 15 ( 20 +

2

S15

1

( 14 3 2

) )

15

= ( 20 + 49 )

2

15

= 2

29

1

= 217 2

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_7.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 8

Question:

An athlete prepares for a race by completing a practice run on each of 11 consecutive days. On each day after the first day, he runs farther than

he ran on the previous day. The lengths of his 11 practice runs form an arithmetic sequence with first term a km and common difference d km.

He runs 9 km on the 11th day, and he runs a total of 77 km over the 11 day period.

Solution:

(n1)d distance run on the 11th day is the

11th

n = 11 : a + 10d = 9

term of the arithmetic sequence.

1

Sn = 2

n ( 2a + The

total distance run is the sum

(n1)d )

Sn = 77 , n = 11 : of

the arithmetic series.

1

2

11 ( 2a + 10d ) = 77

1 It is

( 2a + 10d ) =7

2 simpler to divide each

side of

a + 5d =7

the equation by 11.

Solve

a + 10d =9 (i)

simultaneously

a + 5d =7 ( ii )

Subtract (i)-(ii):

5d =2

2

d = 5

2 Substitute

a + ( 10 ) =9

5 back

into

a+4 =9

equation (i).

a =5

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_8.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 9

Question:

n

(c) Show that 2r 5 = n n 4 ).

r=1

Solution:

(a)

r = 1 : 2r 5 = 3

r = 2 : 2r 5 = 1

r = 3 : 2r 5 =1

First three terms are 3 , 1 , 1

(b)

Common difference d = 2 The terms increase

by 2 each time

( Uk + 1 = Uk + 2 )

(c)

n n

( 2r 5 )

r=1 r=1

= Sn ( 2r 5 ) is just

Sn 1 the

= n ( 2a + ( n 1 ) d )

2 sum of the

series

a= 3,d=2

to n terms

1

Sn = n( 6+2(n1) )

2

1

= 2

n ( 6 + 2n 2 )

1

= 2

n ( 2n 8 )

1

= 2

n2 ( n 4 )

=n(n4)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_9.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 10

Question:

Ahmed plans to save 250 in the year 2001, 300 in 2002, 350 in 2003, and so on until the year 2020. His planned

savings form an arithmetic sequence with common difference 50.

(b) Calculate his total planned savings over the 20 year period from 2001 to 2020.

Ben also plans to save money over the same 20 year period. He saves A in the year 2001 and his planned yearly savings

form an arithmetic sequence with common difference 60.

Given that Ben's total planned savings over the 20 year period are equal to Ahmed's total planned savings over the same

period,

Solution:

(a)

= 250

a Write down the values

( Year 2001 )

of a and d for the

d = 50

arithmetic series

Taking 2001 as Year 1

(n=1) ,

2011 is Year 11

( n = 11 ).

Year 11 savings:

= 250 + ( 11 1 ) Use the term

a+ (n1)d

50 formula a + ( n 1 ) d

= 250 + ( 10 50 )

= 750

Year 11 savings : 750

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_10.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

1

Sn = n ( 2a + ( n 1 ) d ) The total savings

2

Using n = 20 , will be the sum of

1

S20 = 2

20 ( 500 + the arithmetic

series.

( 19 50 ) )

= 10 ( 500 + 950 )

= 10 1450

= 14500

Total savings : 14

500

(c)

a = A ( Year2001 ) Write down the values

d = 60 of a and d for Ben's series.

1

S20 = 20 ( 2A + ( 19 60 ) ) Use the sum formula.

2

S20 = 10 ( 2A + 1140 )

= 20A + 11400

20A + 11400 = 14500 Equate Ahmed's

20A = 14500 11400 and Ben's total savings.

20A = 3100

A = 155

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_10.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 11

Question:

a1 =3,

an + 1 = 3an 5 , n1.

5

(b) Calculate the value of ar .

r=1

Solution:

(a)

an + 1 = 3an 5 Use the given

n=1: a2 = 3a1 5 formula, with

a1 = 3 , so a2 = 9 5 n = 1 and n = 2

a2 =4

n = 2 : a3 = 3a2 5

a2 = 4 , so a3 = 12 5

a3 =7

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_11.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

5

ar = a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + a5

a=1

n = 3 : a4 = 3a3 5 This is not an arithmetic series.

a3 = 7 , so a4 = 21 5 The first three terms are 3, 4, 7.

a4 = 16 The differences between

n = 4 : a5 = 3a4 5 the terms are not the same.

a4 = 16 , so a5 = 48 5 You cannot use a standard formula,

a5 = 43 so work out each separate term and

5

ar = 3 + 4 + 7 + 16 + 43 then add them together to find

a=1

= 73 the required sum.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_11.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 12

Question:

a1 =k,

an + 1 = 3an + 5 , n1,

where k is a positive integer.

4

(c) (i) Find ar in terms of k .

r=1

4

(ii) Show that ar is divisible by 10.

r=1

Solution:

(a)

an + 1 = 3an + 5 Use the given

n = 1 : a2 = 3a1 + 5 formula with n = 1

a2 = 3k + 5

(b)

n = 2 : a3 = 3a2 + 5

= 3 ( 3k + 5 ) + 5

= 9k + 15 + 5

a3 = 9k + 20

(c)(i)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_12.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

4

ar = a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 This is not an arithmetic series.

r=1

n = 3 : a4 = 3a3 + 5 You cannot use a standard formula,

so

= 3 ( 9k + 20 ) + 5 work out each separate term and

= 27k + 65 then add them together

4

= k + ( 3k + 5 ) + ( 9k + 20 ) +

ar to find the required sum.

( 27k + 65 )

r=1

= 40k + 90

(ii)

4

ar = 10 ( 4k + 9 )

r=1

There is a factor 10 , so Give a conclusion.

the sum is divisible by 10.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_12.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 13

Question:

a1 =k

an + 1 = 2an 3 , n1

(b) k

6

(c) ar

r=1

Solution:

(a)

an + 1 = 2an 3 Use the given formula

n=1: a2 = 2a1 3 with n = 1 , 2 , 3 and 4.

= 2k 3

n=2: a3 = 2a2 3

= 2 ( 2k 3 ) 3

= 4k 6 3

= 4k 9

n=3: a4 = 2a3 3

= 2 ( 4k 9 ) 3

= 8k 18 3

= 8k 21

n=4: a5 = 2a4 3

= 2 ( 8k 21 ) 3

= 16k 42 3

a5 = 16k 45

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_13.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

a5 = 19 ,

so 16k 45 = 19

16k = 19 + 45

16k = 64

k = 4

(c)

6

ar = a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + a5 + a6

r=1

This

is not an arithmetic series.

You

a1 = k =4 cannot use a standard

formula,

a2 = 2k 3 so work

=5

out each separate term and

a3 = 4k 9 then add

=7

them together

a4 = 8k 21 to find

= 11

the required sum.

a5 = 16k 45 = 19

From the original formula,

a6 = 2a5 3 = ( 2 19 ) 3

= 35

6

ar = 4 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 19 + 35

r=1

= 81

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_13.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 3

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 14

Question:

(a) Prove that the sum of the first n terms of the series is

1

n

2a +

n1

d

2

Sean repays a loan over a period of n months. His monthly repayments form an arithmetic sequence.

He repays 149 in the first month, 147 in the second month, 145 in the third month, and so on. He makes his final

repayment in the nth month, where n > 21.

(c) Form an equation in n, and show that your equation may be written as

n2 150n + 5000 = 0

(e) State, with a reason, which of the solutions to the equation in part (c) is not a sensible solution to the repayment

problem.

Solution:

(a)

Sn = a + ( a + d ) + ( a + 2d ) + .. + ( a + You need to know this

(n1)d) proof . Make

Reversing the

sure that you understand it, and do

sum :

Sn = ( a + ( n 1 ) d ) + .. + ( a + 2d ) +

not miss out any of the steps.

(a+d) +a

Adding these

When you add, each pair of terms

two :

2Sn = ( 2a + ( n 1 ) d ) + + ( 2a +

(n1)d)

2Sn adds up to 2a + ( n 1 )

= n ( 2a + ( n 1 ) d )

d,

and there are n pairs of

terms.

1

Sn = n ( 2a + ( n 1 ) d )

2

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_14.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 3

= 149 ( First

a Write down the values of

month )

a and d for the arithmetic

d = 2

series.

21st month:

= 149 +

a+ (n1)d Use the term formula

( 20 2 )

= 149 40 a+ (n1)d

= 109

He repays 109 in the 21st

month

(c)

1

Sn = 2

n ( 2a + ( n 1 ) The total he repays will be the

sum of

d)

the arithmetic series.

1

= 2

n ( 298 2

(n1) )

1

= n ( 298 2n + 2 )

2

1

= 2

n ( 300 2n )

1

= n2 ( 150 n )

2

= n ( 150 n )

n ( 150 n ) = 5000 Equate Sn to 5000

150n n2 = 5000

n2 150n + 5000 = 0

(d)

( n 50 ) Always

=0

( n 100 ) try to factorise the quadratic.

The

n = 50 or n = 100

quadratic formula would be

awkward

here with such large numbers.

(e)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_14.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 3 of 3

For example, his repayment

in month 100 ( n = 100 )

Check back in the

would be a + ( n 1 ) d

context of

the problem to see if

= 149 + ( 99 2 )

the

= 149 198 solution is sensible.

= 49

A negative repayment is not

sensible .

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_14.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 15

Question:

A sequence is given by

a1 =2

an + 1 = an2 kan , n1,

where k is a constant.

Given that a3 = 2 ,

(c) a2

(d) a5

(e) a100

Solution:

(a)

an + 1 = an2 kan

n=1: a2 = a 2 ka Use the given formula

1 1

= 4 2k with n = 1 and 2.

n=2: a3 = a22 ka2

= ( 4 2k ) 2 k ( 4 2k )

= 16 16k + 4k2 4k + 2k2

a3 = 6k2 20k + 16

(b)

a3 = 2 :

6k2 20k + 16 = 2

Divide

6k2 20k + 14 = 0 by 2 to make solution easier

3k2 10k + 7 =0

( 3k 7 ) Try to

=0

(k1) factorise the quadratic rather

k=

7

than

3

or k = 1 using the quadratic formula.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_15.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

(c)

7

The larger k value is 3

7

a2 = 4 2k = 4 ( 2 )

3

14 2

=4 3

= 3

(d)

7

an + 1 = an2 3 n

a

7

n = 3 : a4 = a32 3 3

a Use the formula

7

But a3 = 2 is given, so with k = , for n = 3 and 4.

3

7

a4 = 22 ( 3

2)

14 2

=4 3

= 3

7

n=4: a5 = a 2 a

4 3 4

2 7 2

= ( 3

) 2 ( 3

3

)

4 14 18

= 9

+ 9

= 9

a5 =2

(e)

= , a3 = 2

3 sequence is

a4 2 oscillating between

= , a5 = 2

3 the values

For even values 2

2 3

and

of n , an = .

3 2.

If n is even, an =

2

So a100 = 2

3 .

3

If n is odd, an = 2.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_15.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 16

Question:

Given that

1

y = 4x3 1 + 2x 2 , x>0,

dy

find dx

.

Solution:

1

For y = xn ,

y = 4x3 1 + 2x dy

2

dx

= nxn 1

dy 1 1 Differentiating

dx

= ( 4 3x2 ) + ( 2 2

x 2 ) the constant

1 gives

zero.

dy 1 It is better to

dx = 12x2 + x 2 write down an

unsimplified

version of the answer first

(in case you

make a mistake

when

simplifying).

(

Or:

dy

dx

= 12x2 +

1

1 It

x 2

is

) not necessary to change your

Or:

dy

dx

= 12x2 +

1

\x

answer into

one of these forms.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_16.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 17

Question:

6

Given that y = 2x2 ,x0,

x3

dy

(a) find dx ,

(b) find y dx .

Solution:

(a)

Use

6

y = 2x2 1

x3 =xn

xn

= 2x2 6x 3

dy

For y = xn ,

= ( 2 2x1 ) ( 6 3x 4 ) dy

dx = nxn 1

dx

dy Write down

dx

= 4x + 18x 4 an unsimplified version

of the answer

first.

( Or:

dy

= 4x + It

dx

18

is not necessary to change

)

x4

your answer

into this form.

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_17.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

xn + 1

( 2x2 6x 3 ) dx Use xndx = +C

n+1

= +C

3 2 constant

of integration, C.

2x3 Write down an unsimplified

= + 3x 2 + C

3 version

of the answer first

2x3

( Or: +

3

It is not necessary to change

3

+C)

x2

your answer into this form.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_17.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 18

Question:

dy

(a) dx ,

d2y

(b) dx2

,

(c) y dx .

Solution:

(a)

1

y = 3x2 + 4\ x Use \ x = x 2

1

= 3x2 + 4x 2

dy

= ( 3 2x1 ) + ( 4 For y = xn ,

1 1 dy

dx x 2 ) dx

= nxn 1

2

dy 1 Write down

dx = 6x + 2x 2 an

unsimplified

version

of the answer

first.

(

dy

= 6x +

dx

Or: 2

1

x 2 It

is

) not necessary to change

Or:

dy

dx

= 6x +

2

\x

your answer

into one of these forms

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_18.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

dy 1 Differentiate

dx = 6x + 2x 2 again

d 2y 1 3

=6+ (2 x 2 )

dx2 2

3

=6x 2

(

Or:

d 2y

=6

dx2

1

3 It

x 2

is

) not necessary to change your

Or:

d 2y

=6

dx2

1

x\ x

answer

into one of these forms.

x

3 1

2 = x1 x 2 = x\ x

(c)

1 xn + 1

( 3x2 + 4x 2 ) dx Use xndx = + C Do

n+1

3

4x 2

3x3

= + +C not forget to include the constant

3 3

( )

2

of integration, C

2 3

= x3 + 4 ( 3

) x 2 +C Write down an unsimplified version

8 3

= x3 + 3

x 2 +C of the answer first.

8

( Or: x3 + 3

x\ x + C ) It is not necessary to change your

answer into this form.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_18.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 19

Question:

dy

(a) dx

,

d2 y

(b) dx2

.

(ii) Find

1 + 3\ x

1 dx .

x2

Solution:

(i)

y = 5x3 + 7x + 3

(a)

dy

For y = xn ,

= (5 3x2 ) + (7 1x0 ) dy

dx

dx

= nxn 1 .

Differentiating the constant

3 gives zero.

dy

dx = 15x2 + 7 Use x0 = 1

Differentiating Kx gives K .

(b)

dy

dx = 15x2 + 7 Differentiate again

d2y

= ( 15 2x1 )

dx2

= 30x

(ii)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_19.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

1

1 Use \ x = x 2 and

( 1 + 3\ x ) dx 1

x2

=xn

xn

Use xndx =

1

= ( 1 + 3x 2 x 2 ) dx xn + 1

+C.

n+1

Do not forget to

include the

constant of

integration C.

3

3x 2

x1

=x+ +C

3 ( 1)

( )

2

2 3

=x+ (3 3

x 2 ) +x1+C

3 It is not necessary to

= x + 2x 2 +x1+C change

1 your answer into this

( Or: x + 2x\ x + +C)

x form.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_19.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 20

Question:

3

The curve C has equation y = 4x + 3x 2 2x2 , x > 0.

dy

(a) Find an expression for dx

.

3y = x + 20 .

(d) Find the length PQ, giving your answer in a simplified surd form.

Solution:

(a)

y = 4x + 3x

3

2 2x2

dy = ( 4 1x0 ) + ( 3

3

x

1

) For y = xn ,

2

2 dy

dx = nxn 1

(2 2x1 ) dx

dy 9 1

dx

=4+ 2

x 2 4x

(b)

For x = 4 ,

3

3

= (44) + (34 2 ) x 2 = x1 x

y 1

( 2 42 ) 2 =xx

= 16 + ( 3 4 2 ) 32

= 16 + 24 32 = 8

So P ( 4 , 8 ) lies

on C

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_20.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

The value

For x = 4 , dy

of dx

dy 9 1

dx

=4+ ( 4 2 ) (44) is the gradient of

2

9

=4+ ( 2

2 ) 16 the tangent.

= 4 + 9 16 = 3

The gradient The normal

of the normal is perpendicular to the

tangent, so

1

at P is 1

3 the gradient is m

Equation of

the normal :

1 Use y y1 = m

y8 = (x4)

3 ( x x1 )

x 4

y8 = 3

3

Multiply by 3

3y 24 =x4

3y = x + 20

(d)

y=0: 0 = x + 20 Use y = 0 to find

where the normal cuts

x = 20

the x-axis.

Q is the point

( 20 , 0 )

= \ ( 4 20 ) 2 + The distance between two

PQ

(80) 2 points is

\ ( x2 x1 ) 2 +

=\ 242 + 82

( y2 y1 ) 2

= \ 576 + 64

= 640 To simplify the surd,

= 64 10 find a factor which

= 8 10 is an exact square

( here 64 = 82 )

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_20.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 21

Question:

5x

The curve C has equation y = 4x2 + x

, x 0. The point P on C has x-coordinate 1.

dy

(a) Show that the value of dx at P is 3.

Solution:

(a)

5x

y = 4x2 + x

Divide 5 x by x

dy

= 4x2 + 5x 1 1 For y = xn , = nxn 1

dx

dy

dx

= ( 4 2x1 ) + ( 5x 1x 2 ) Differentiating the

constant 1 gives zero

dy

dx = 8x 5x 2

At P , x = 1 , so

dy 1 1

= (81) (512) 12= = =1

dx 12 1

=85=3

(b)

dy dy

At x = 1 , dx

=3 The value of dx

tangent

51

At x = 1 , y = ( 4 12 ) +

1

y=4+4=8

Equation of the

tangent :

Use y y1 = m

y8 =3(x1)

( x x1 )

y = 3x + 5

(c)

y=0: 0 = 3x + 5 Use y = 0 to find

3x = 5 where the tangent

5

x = meets the x-axis

3

5

So K = 3

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_21.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 22

Question:

1

The curve C has equation y = 3 x3 4x2 + 8x + 3.

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to C at P, giving your answer in the form y = mx + c, where m and c are constants.

Solution:

(a)

1 3

y = 3

x 4x2 + 8x + 3

At x = 3 ,

1

y = ( 3

33 ) ( 4 32 ) + ( 8 3 ) + 3

= 9 36 + 24 + 3

=0

So P ( 3 , 0 ) lies on C

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_22.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

dy = (

1

3x2 ) ( 4 2x1 ) + For y = xn ,

3 dy

dx = nxn 1

(8 1x0 ) dx

Differentiating the

constant 3 gives zero.

= x2 8x + 8

At x =3,

dy dy

dx

= 32 ( 8 3 ) + 8 The value of dx

is the gradient of the

= 9 24 + 8 = 7

tangent.

Equation of the

tangent :

Use y y1 = m

y0 = 7(x3)

( x x1 )

y = 7x + 21 This is in the

required form y = mx + c

(c)

dy

At Q , dx

= 7 If the tangents are

parallel, they have the same

gradient.

x2 8x + 8 = 7

x2 8x + 15 =0

(x3) (x5) =0

x = 3 or x = 5 x = 3 at the point P

For Q , x = 5

1

= ( 53 ) ( 4 52 ) +

y 3 Substitute x = 5

(85) +3

125 back into the equation

= 100 + 40 + 3

3 of C

1

= 15 3

Q is the point ( 5 , 15

1

3

)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_22.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 23

Question:

f

x

=

( 2x + 1 ) ( x + 4 )

, x>0

\x

3 1 1

(a) Show that f(x) can be written in the form Px 2 + Qx 2 + Rx 2 , stating the values of the constants P, Q and R.

(c) Show that the tangent to the curve with equation y = f ( x ) at the point where x = 1 is parallel to the line with

equation 2y = 11x + 3.

Solution:

(a)

( 2x + 1 ) ( x + 4 )

f(x) =

x

2x2 + 9x + 4

= Divide each term by

x

x

1

2 , remembering

3 1 1

= 2x 2 + 9x 2 + 4x 2 . that xm xn = xm n

P=2, Q=9, R=4

(b)

3 1 1 1

= (2 x 2 ) + (9 x 2 ) + (4

2 2 f ' ( x ) is the derivative of f

f' (x)

1 3 (x) ,

2

x 2 )

1 9 1 3

f ' ( x ) = 3x 2 + x 2 2x 2 so differentiate

2

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_23.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

At x = 1 ,

1 9 1

= (31 2 ) + ( 1 2 ) f ' ( 1 ) is the

2

f' (1)

3 gradient

(21 2 )

of the tangent at x = 1

9 11

=3+ 2

2= 2 1n = 1 for any n .

The line 2y = 11x + 3 is

11 3 Compare

y = x+

2 2 with y = mx + c

11

The gradient is

2

So the tangent to the curve

Give a conclusion ,

where

x = 1 is parallel to this

with a reason .

line ,

since the gradients are

equal .

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_23.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 24

Question:

The curve C with equation y = f ( x ) passes through the point (3, 5).

Solution:

To find f ( x )

f' (x) = x2 + 4x 3 from f ' ( x ) , integrate .

Use xndx =

x3 4x2

f(x) = + 3x + C xn + 1

3 2 +C.

n+1

= + 2x2 3x + C

3 the

constant of

integration C .

When x = 3 , f ( x ) The curve

= 5 , so passes

33

+ ( 2 32 ) through

3

(3,5) ,

(33) +C=5

9 + 18 9 + C =5 so f ( 3 ) = 5 .

C = 13

x3

f(x) = + 2x2 3x 13

3

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_24.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 25

Question:

The curve with equation y = f ( x ) passes through the point (1, 6). Given that

5x2 + 2

f' x =3+

1

,x>0,

x 2

Solution:

5x2 + 2

1

f' (x) =3+ 1 Divide 5x2 + 2 by x 2 ,

x 2

remembering that

xm xn = xm n

3 1

= 3 + 5x 2 + 2x 2

To find f ( x ) from

f ' ( x ) , integrate.

5 1

5x 2 2x 2 Use xndx =

f(x) = 3x + + +C xn + 1

(

5

) (

1

)

+C.

n+1

2 2

2 5

= 3x + ( 5 5

x 2 ) + (2

1

Do not forget to include

2

1

x 2 ) +C

5 1 the constant of integration

= 3x + 2x 2 + 4x 2 +C C.

When x = 1 , f ( x ) = 6 , so The curve passes

5

(31) + (21 2 ) +

1

through ( 1 , 6 ) ,

(41 2 ) +C=6

so f ( 1 ) = 6

3+2+4+C =6 1n = 1 for any n .

C = 3

5 1

f ( x ) = 3x + 2x 2 + 4x 2 3

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_25.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 26

Question:

dy

dx = x3 + 2x 7

d2y

(a) Find dx2

d2y

(b) Show that dx2

2 for all values of x .

(d) find an equation for the normal to C at P in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.

Solution:

(a)

dy

dx

= x3 + 2x 7 Differentiate to find

d2 y

= 3x2 + 2 the second derivative

dx2

(b)

x2 0 for any (real) x . The square of a

So 3x2 0 real number

So 3x2 +22 cannot be negative .

d2 y

So 2 for all values of x . Give a conclusion .

dx2

(c)

dy dy

dx

= x3 + 2x 7 Integrate dx

to

find y in terms

of x .

x4 2x2 Do not forget to

y = + 7x + C

4 2 include

x4 the constant of

= + x2 7x + C

4 integration C.

When x = 2 , y = 4 , so Use the fact that

24 P ( 2 , 4 ) lies on

4 = + 22 ( 7 2 ) + C

4 the curve.

4 = 4 + 4 14 + C

C = + 10

x4

y = + x2 + 7x + 10

4

(d)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_26.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

For x =2,

The value of

dy

dx = 23 + ( 2 2 ) 7 dy

dx

is the gradient

=8+47=5

of the tangent .

The gradient of

The normal is

the normal

1

at P is perpendicular to the tangent,

5

1

so the gradient is m

Equation of the

normal :

1 Use y y1 = m

y4 = (x2)

5 ( x x1 )

x 2

y4 = 5

+ 5

Multiply by 5

5y 20 = x+2

x + 5y 22 = 0 This is in the required form

ax + by + c = 0 , where a ,

b and c are integers .

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_26.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 27

Question:

dy 1 x2

dx = x4

1

,

2 ,

2 3

dy

(b) find the coordinates of the point on Cat which dx = 0.

Solution:

(a)

dy 1 x2

= Divide 1 x2 by x4

dx x4

=x4x2

dy

x3 x1 Integrate to

y = +C dx

3 1

find y in terms

x 3 of x . Do not forget

= +x1+C

3 to include

the

constant of integration C .

1 1 1

y = + +C Use x n = .

3x3 x xn

This

will make it easier

to

calculate values

at

the next stage .

When x =

1

2

, y=

2

, so

3

2 8

3

= 3

+2+C Use the fact that

2 8 4 1 2

C = 3

+ 3

2= 3

( 2

, 3

) lies on

1 1 4

y = + + the curve .

3x3 x 3

(b)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_27.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

1 x2 If a fraction

=0

x4 is

equal

to zero, its

numerator

1 x2 =0

must be zero.

x2 =1

x = 1 or x = 1

1 4

x=1: y = 3

+1+ 3

y =2

1 4

x= 1: y = 3

1+ 3

2

y = 3

The points are

(1,2)

2

and ( 1 , 3

)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_27.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 28

Question:

The curve C with equation y = f ( x ) passes through the point (5, 65).

(c) Sketch C, showing the coordinates of the points where C crosses the x-axis.

Solution:

(a)

To

f' (x) = 6x2 10x 12 find f ( x ) from

f ' ( x ) , integrate

6x3 10x2 Do

f(x) = 12x + C

3 2 not forget to

When x = 5 , y = 65 , so include the constant

of integration C .

6 125 10 25 Use

65 = 60 + C

3 2 the fact that

the curve passes

through ( 5 , 65 )

65 = 250 125 60 + C

C = 65 + 125 + 60 250

C =0

f(x) = 2x3 5x2 12x

(b)

f ( x ) = x ( 2x2 5x 12 )

f ( x ) = x ( 2x + 3 ) ( x 4 )

(c)

Curve meets x-axis where y = 0

x ( 2x + 3 ) ( x 4 ) = 0 Put y = 0 and

3

x=0,x= 2

,x=4 solve for x

When x , y Check what happens

When x , y to y for large

positive and negative

values of x .

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_28.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

3

Crosses x-axis at ( 2

,0) , (0,0) , (4,0)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_28.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 29

Question:

x6

+

4

, x > 0.

x

(c) Find an equation for the normal to C at P, giving your answer in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers.

Solution:

(a)

4

y = x2 ( x 6 ) + x

At P, x = 1 ,

4

y =1(16) + 1

= 1

P is ( 1 , 1 )

At Q, x = 2 ,

4

y =4(26) + 2

= 14

Q is ( 2 , 14 )

PQ = \ ( 2 1 ) 2 + ( 14 ( 1 ) ) 2 The distance between

= ( 12 + ( 13 ) 2 ) two points is

= ( 1 + 169 ) = 170 \ ( x2 x1 ) 2 + ( y2 y1 ) 2

(b)

y = x3 6x2 + 4x 1

dy

dx

= 3x2 ( 6 2x ' ) + ( 4x 1x 2 )

= 3x2 12x 4x 2

dy

At x = 1 , The value of dx

dy

dx

= 3 12 4 = 13 is the gradient of

the tangent.

At x = 2 ,

dy

dx = ( 3 4 ) ( 12 2 ) ( 4 2 2 )

4

= 12 24 4

= 13

At P and also at Q the Give a conclusion

gradient is 13, so the

tangents are parallel (equal gradients).

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_29.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

of the normal is perpendicular to the

at P is tangent, so

1 1 1

13

= 13

the gradient is m

Equation of

the normal:

1

y ( 1) = (x1) Use y y1 = m ( x x1 )

13

x 1

y+1 = 13

13

Multiply by 13

13y + 13 =x1 This is in the required form

x 13y 14 = 0 ax + by + c = 0 , where a ,

b and c are

integers.

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_29.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Algebraic fractions

Exercise A, Question 30

Question:

(b) Sketch the graph of y = x3 7x2 + 12x, showing the coordinates of the points at which the graph crosses the x-axis.

The graph of y = x3 7x2 + 12x crosses the positive x-axis at the points A and B.

Solution:

(a)

x3 7x2 + 12x x is a common factor

= x ( x2 7x + 12 )

=x(x3) (x4)

(b)

Curve meets x-axis where y = 0 .

x(x3) (x4) =0 Put y = 0 and

x=0,x=3,x=4 solve for x .

When x , y Check what happens to

When x , y y for large

positive and negative values of x

Crosses x-axis at ( 0 , 0 ) , ( 3 , 0 ) , ( 4 , 0 )

(c)

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_30.html 3/10/2013

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 2

A and B are

(3,0)

and

(4,0)

dy

dx

= 3x2 14x + 12

The

At x = 3 , dy

(A) value of dx

dy is the gradient

= 27 42 + 12 = 3

dx of the tangent.

At x = 4

(B)

dy

= 48 56 + 12 = 4

dx

Tangent at A:

Use y y1 = m

y0 = 3(x3)

( x x1 )

y = 3x + 9 (i)

Tangent at B:

y0 =4(x4)

y = 4x 16 ( ii )

Subtract

( ii )

(i) :

Solve (i) and (ii)

0 = 7x 25

simultaneously to

25 find the

x = 7 intersection

point

of the tangents

Substituting

back into (i):

75 12

y = 7

+9= 7

P is the

25

point ( ,

7

12

)

7

file://C:\Users\Buba\kaz\ouba\c1_rev2_a_30.html 3/10/2013

- Lesson Planning y=Mx cUploaded byJonathan Robinson
- Modelo Tracy Carter Tarek AmedUploaded byJuan Chiroque
- lesson plan 2Uploaded byapi-347833238
- Cartesian PlaneUploaded byzulko
- Maths 2yearUploaded byRajul
- 5) C1 Coordinate Geometry in the (x,y) PlaneUploaded byAhmed Khalil
- MODUL CEMERLANG TING 4 matematik.docUploaded byfarah aida
- Period 5 Geometry in Our WorldUploaded bygcimorelli
- DHS 2015 H2 Y5 Math Promos QuestionsUploaded byAlx
- Grade 9 WorkbookUploaded byMichael Cochran
- Additional Math Paper 1(Solaf)Uploaded byRelify WE
- Metodos Mixtos de integracion directaUploaded byRony Nina Huisa
- Chapter 11 II Graphs of Functions ENRICHUploaded byjuriah binti ibrahim
- Part 1 - Coordinate Geometry - IntroductionUploaded byNajmul Islam
- Practice PaperUploaded byMaruf_007
- FirstYear_ModelPaperUploaded bySachin Chakradhar
- xs03Uploaded byrishanshawkat
- UBC Math 253 -t1-15Uploaded byJoshua Anthony Limanto
- algebra 1 syllabus2017-2018Uploaded byapi-235426772
- 219 Suggested Problems Spring 2015Uploaded byosmanfırat
- INTRODUCTION TO EUCLD’S GEOMETRY.pptUploaded byvision2010job
- 2 5 pptUploaded byapi-239769876
- Heun 2 Correction ExampleUploaded byKartika Afriyeni
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byShonali Chugh
- Form 4 Add Maths 3rd Term 2011 FinalUploaded byBinyamine Kurmally
- miaa 340 big ideas gr7Uploaded byapi-282517878
- linearno2_2Uploaded bynurullah_bulut
- Vectors Summary.pdfUploaded byJiongHow Sosad
- 11.3DUploaded byneela94
- mathematics a may 2016 3hUploaded byawesomeart

- Zemansky Capitulo 33 solucionario (farfismat)Uploaded byRubén Lucas Flores Ayala
- Chapter 30Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 34Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 40Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 38Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 35Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 42Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 43Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 32Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 31Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 36Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 29Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 41Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 39Uploaded byRodrigo Díaz Gambini
- Chapter 44Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 18Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 22.docUploaded byAlexis Tamayo
- Chapter 27Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 17Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 16Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 28Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 24Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 26Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 15Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 25Uploaded byHenry A Melendez
- Chapter 23Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 19Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 20Uploaded byPercy Rojas Rafael
- Chapter 14Uploaded byMaruf_007
- Chapter 21.docUploaded byMaruf_007

- c++ programsUploaded byusit55
- M3 MIII Unit 4 MCQUploaded byAbhay mane
- SAT ProblemsUploaded byAdrian Florescu
- 4_Form_Part02.pptUploaded byFais Ibrahim
- Macromechanics of a Composite LaminaUploaded byAtta Ur Rehman Shah
- Differential EquationsUploaded byabhishekv0697
- lesson plan.docxUploaded byJenniferTamesaOliquino
- Engineering Graphics ED for BE StudentsUploaded byDilip Kumar N
- Analytical Method for Smooth Interpolation of Two-Dimensional Scalar FieldsUploaded bylrod123
- Introduction to Symplectic TopologyUploaded byAa Zz
- Math Before Calculus (Find the Tangent Line Without Calculus)Uploaded byMichael Dy
- FreeCAD-0.15_manual.pdfUploaded byPere J Ferrer
- ansys cfx2Uploaded byRanjeet Singh
- Section A - cable railingUploaded byGeoffre14
- Engineering GraphicsUploaded byVikram Rao
- On the Limit Cycles for Lienard EquationUploaded byLuis Alberto Fuentes
- CBSE Boards Class 10 Maths Previous Years Question Papers 2007 2013Uploaded byharman1611
- Engineering Drawing1Uploaded byUtsav Soni
- Crystal LatticeUploaded byShazia Farheen
- sa1-maths-qp-2_1-x(1)Uploaded bymaadhesh
- latihan thn 6Uploaded byMohd Razif
- Year 4 MatheUploaded byPavithra Mohan
- C4app_jan13Uploaded byJW1212
- huge[1]Uploaded bymuhamad dimas arifin a.k.a Ahmd El Arf
- Dual SpaceUploaded bySun Wei
- Park LynchUploaded byLe Dinh Phong
- Using a Clinometer to Measure HeightUploaded byangryhamster
- Rr311203 Computer GraphicsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Engineering Drawing Lab ManualUploaded byRAMAKANT RANA
- Solutions to Fossen Structural GeologyUploaded bywhiskey13