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Engine Deterioration

and Maintenance
Actions

Ivan Hutter
Marketing Manager
GE Aviation

ICAO / Transport Canada


Conference Aircraft Panel
Montreal, 20-21 September 2006
Measures for fuel and emissions
reduction engines

Performance Deterioration
Maintenance Actions
Fuel efficient design trends

2
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
Engine performance
Cruise fuel mileage deteriorates over
engine on wing life
Dirt accumulation
Mechanical wear & erosion

Cruise fuel mileage


deterioration
CRZ
FF

0 1 2 3 4
Years in service
4
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
EGT margin (EGTM) to measure
engine performance deterioration
EGT to achieve thrust EGTM deterioration
EGT Limit
EGT T/O

Good
SFC EGTM
Cycles

Thrust N1 Flight cycles


5
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
What impacts deterioration?

EGTM deterioration Flight legs/cycle

T/O Environmental factors

Good
EGTM
Derate
Overhaul
- Workscope planning
- Material Quality

Flight cycles On Wing


Maintenance 6
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
Maintenance
Actions

- Diagnostic trending
- Core wash
GE provides diagnostic support for
60% of its operating engines
Diagnostic
Engine
Engine Data
Data
Analysis

Trending
Trending

Alerting
Alerting

Operator GE Product
Action Support Fault
Fault Isolation
Isolation
8
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
In-flight diagnostic trending to
recover fuel efficiency on wing 7
GWFM

TRENDDATA

5 Performance shift
4
detected
Cruise Fuel Flow

3
DELTA FUEL FLOW AT CRUISE

Operating limits not


approached
1

-1

-2
Maintenance action
-3

24-Jan-2002 13-Feb-2002 05-Mar-2002 25-Mar-2002 14-Apr-2002 04-May-2002 24-May-2002 13-Jun-2002 03-Jul-2002 23-Jul-2002
recovered 1.3% fuel
Flight dates FLIGHT DATETIME
flow on wing
9
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
Keeping the gas path clean improves
fuel economy and on wing life
Engine core wash EGTM recovery 5-
15C
Takeoff EGT Hot Day Margin Vs Flight Date Time

EGTM
60

50
Takeoff EGT Hot Day Margin (C)

40

30

Core wash

Core wash
20

10

0
5/24/2002 0:00 12/10/2002
0:00
Flight cycles
6/28/2003 0:00 1/14/2004 0:00 8/1/2004 0:00 2/17/2005 0:00 9/5/2005 0:00 3/24/2006 0:00

Flight Date Time


10
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
In-flight diagnostic data show regular
core wash delivers fuel economy
TM
Cruise Fuel Flow

Good
Deterioration

No core
wash
Aircraft fuel
savings
~1.3% ~ $200k*
Regular
core
Cycles wash
*$2/gallon

11
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
GE Customer & Product Support
assist to optimize fuel efficiency
AMM Core wash updates Program optimization
TM

Diagnostic solutions
Reduced dry out run
CRZ FF/TOW benefit
Idle wash no dry out
- no effluent Environmental impact
CF6 Select procedure
VSV/VBV driver Determine frequency
Procedural simplification
12
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
Fuel efficient design trends
New generation engines offer big fuel
efficiency gains and lower emissions
Specific Fuel Consumption

CF6

-15%

Installed thrust
14
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
Fuel efficient, balanced design

Configuration Hardware
80% increase in BPR Swept fan aerodynamics
30% increase in OPR 3D aero HPC airfoils
Counter rotating spools Advanced alloys,
coatings
15
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006
16
GE Aviation; ICAO
20-21 September 2006