Japanese Ammunition Documents from Kirkee – Index by Norman Bonney (March 2007

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1. Japanese Ammunition Chief Inspectorate Ammunition Technical Reports, Publication of the Director of Armaments (India). Technical intelligence reports on ammunition subjects for use at HQs and available to Inspecting Ordnance Officers (see leaflets below): No 1 Magnetised Anti-Tank Mine Type 99, 1945 No 5 Grenade Hand or Discharger HE Type 91 & Grenade Hand HE Type 97, 1945 No 6 Ammunition for 50-mm Rifled (Grenade) Discharger Type 89, 1945 No 11 Fuze Percussion DA Type 93 (small) etc., 1945 No 22 Pistol and Machine Carbine Ammunition, 1945 No 24 Aircraft Cannon Cartridges 12.7-mm Rimless etc., 1945 No 25 Land Mine AT Type 93 No 27 Bomb HE 320-mm Spigot Mortar (335 Kg) No 28 Ammunition for the Type 96 25-mm Naval AA/AT QF Gun, 1945 No 29 Cartridge QF 75-mm with HE AA Shell Type 90 etc., 1945 No 29 Supplement, 1945 No 29 Supplement B, 1945 No 30 Cartridge QF 75-mm with Hollow Charge AT/HE Shell (Type 2) etc.,1945 No 31 Typical Primers used in Gun Ammunition, 1945 No 32 HE AT (Hollow Charge) Grenade for 30-mm Rifled Grenade Discharger Cup and its adaptation as 1/3 Kg HE A/C (Hollow Charge) Bomb, 1945 No 33 2 1/2 Kg Spigot Charge for Projection from 50-mm Grenade Discharger Type 98, 1945 No 34 Nose Percussion Fuzes Type 88 etc., 1945 No 35 Electric Primer fitted with Japanese Gaine used in Naval Shell etc.,1945 No 36 Bangalore Torpedo Type 99, 1945 No 37 Explosive Blocks and Prepared Charges etc., 1945 No 38 Typical Methods of Filling HE Nose Fuzed Shell, 1945 No 39 Typical Methods of Filling AP/HE Base Fuzed Shell, 1945 No 40 Ground Flares (Signal), 1945 No 41 B Cherry Tree Dynamite Mk 3, 1945 No 42 Base Fuzes for AP/HE Shell 37-mm, 47-mm and 75-mm Calibres, 1945 No 43 Igniter Cartridges for Type 93 Portable Flame Thrower, 1945 No 44 Grenade Hand or Rifle Type 99A, 1945 No 45 Grenade Hand HE Type 98 (Stick Type), 1945 No 46 Comparative Performance of Different Calibres and Natures of Small Arm Ammunition against Portable Shields for Japanese Riflemen, 1945 No 47 Dutch Mushroom-Top Land Mine, 1945 No 48 Beach-Mine (Anti-Invasion Two Horns), 1945 No 49 Grenade Hand HE Pull Type, 1945 No 50 Ammunition for 88-mm Type 99 AA Gun, 1945 No 51 Ammunition for the 70-mm Barrage Mortar (Smooth Bore), 1945 No 52 Time and Percussion Fuzes use in Gun Ammunition, 1945 No 53 Mortar Bombs, 1946

2. Japanese Ammunition Leaflets 1944, Large (Foolscap) Series. Issued by the Director of Ordnance Services 11 Army Group and compiled by the Director of Armaments (India) and produced by the Chief Inspector Ammunition, Kirkee. Section I Introduction and explanation of markings and characters used on ammunition and packages Leaflet I–1 Introduction and General Markings Section II - Small Arms Ammunition Leaflet II-1 6.5mm (0.256-inch) SAA Leaflet II-2 Cartridge SA Ball 8mm Leaflet II-3 Cartridge SA 7.7mm (0.303-inch) (Semi-rimless) Leaflet II-4 Cartridge SA 7.7mm (0.303-inch) (Rimless) Leaflet II-5 Cartridge SA 7.7mm (0.303-inch) (Rimmed) Leaflet II-6 Cartridge SA 7.92mm Ammunition Leaflet II-7 Aircraft Cannon Cartridges (Semi-rimless) 12.7mm (Browning Type) Leaflet II-7A 12.7mm Aircraft Cannon Cartridges AP Tracer Leaflet II-7B 12.7mm Aircraft Cannon Cartridges Explosive/incendiary Leaflet II-7C 12.7mm Aircraft Cannon Cartridges With Type B Fuze Leaflet II-7D Fuzes for 12.7mm Aircraft Cannon Cartridges Leaflet II-8 Ammunition for Japanese 25mm Naval AA/AT QG Gun Section III - Grenades Hand and Discharger Types Leaflet III-1 Grenade Hand HE Type ‘97 Leaflet III-2 Grenade Hand or Discharger Type ‘91 Leaflet III-3 Grenade Hand HE Pull Type Leaflet III-4 Grenade Hand HE “KISKA” Type Leaflet III-5 Stick type Hand Grenades Leaflet III-6 Grenade Rifle HE AT (Hollow Charge) Leaflet III-7 1/3 Kg HE Aircraft Bomb Leaflet III-8 Grenade Rifle Smoke Leaflet III-9 Grenade Hand HE Type 99B Leaflet III-10 Grenade Inc ½ Kg Hand or 50mm Grenade Discharger Leaflet III-11 Japanese Hand Inc Grenade- Molotov Cocktail Type Leaflet III-12 Tabulated Summary of Japanese Hand and Discharger Type Grenades Leaflet III-13 Japanese Hand Flash Grenade Section IV - Mortar Rocket and Discharger Ammunition Leaflet IV-1 Japanese 50mm Dischargers Leaflet IV-2 50mm HE Shell Nose Fuzed for Dischargers Type ‘89 Leaflet IV-3 Rocket Projectile Leaflet IV-4 50mm Smoke Shell Nose Fuzed for Dischargers Type ‘89 Leaflet IV-5 Tabulated Summary of Japanese 50mm Discharger Shell Leaflet IV-6 Japanese Mortar Ammunition Leaflet IV-7 Ammunition for 90mm Mortar Type ‘94 Leaflet IV-8 Ammunition for 81mm (Infantry Trench) Mortar Type ‘99 Leaflet IV-9 Ammunition for 105mm Mortar (Believed Type ’95) Leaflet IV-10 Ammunition for 70mm Discharger Type ‘TAISHO 11’ Leaflet IV-11 Grenade Smoke 50mm Discharger Type Leaflet IV-12 2 ½ Kg Spigot Charge Section V - Gun Ammunition Leaflet V-1 Ammunition for the 75mm Guns

Section VI - Mines and Booby Traps Leaflet VI-1 Japanese Land Mine AT Type ‘93 Leaflet VI-1A Japanese Mine AP Type ‘93 Leaflet VI-2 Japanese AT Magnetic Mine Type ‘99 Leaflet VI-3 Japanese Beach Mine (Type XIII) Leaflet VI-4 Japanese Non-Metallic AT Mine Leaflet VI-4A Japanese AT/AP Mine Type 3 Leaflet VI-5 Japanese Yardstick Mine Leaflet VI-6 Land Mine Types 1 & 2 (Wooden construction) Leaflet VI-7 Some Japanese Booby Traps Using Hand Grenades and Discharger Shell Leaflet VI-8 Miscellaneous Booby Traps Leaflet VI-9 Some Methods of Improvising Booby Traps Leaflet VI-10 AT Mines and Booby Traps Found in the Arakan and Manipur Area Leaflet VI-11 Dutch “Mushroom Top” Mine (AT or Land Mine) Leaflet VI-12 Naval Mine “ISHI” No 179 Leaflet VI-13 Japanese Land Mines – Booby Trap Firing Device Leaflet VI-14 Experimental Hand Thrown Mine Section VII – Pyrotechnics Leaflet VII-1 50mm Signal Flares Leaflet VII-2 Rocket Signal Modification I Leaflet VII-3 Japanese 35mm Signal Cartridges Leaflet VII-4 81mm Mortar Signal Flare & 26.5mm Signal Cartridge Section VIII - Demolition Stores Leaflet VIII-1 Japanese Demolition Clock Leaflet VIII-2 Tabulated Summary of Japanese Detonators and Igniters Leaflet VIII-3 Japanese Saboteur Stores (Secret) Leaflet VIII-4 Tabulated Summary of Japanese Explosive Blocks used for HE Field Fillings and Demolition Work Leaflet VIII-5 Japanese Bangalore Torpedoes Section IX - Smoke and Chemical Ammunition Leaflet IX-1 Tabulated Summary of Japanese Chemical Grenades

3. Japanese Ammunition Leaflets 1945. Quarto Format. Publication of the Director of Armaments (India) and produced by the Chief Inspector Ammunition, Kirkee. For Inspecting Ordnance Officers in the identification and handling of enemy stores. Summarised from Technical Reports (see above) where available. Manuscript amendments (No 1) were issued in February 1946: Section A Introduction and explanation of markings and characters used on ammunition and packages A1 Introduction, 1945 A2 Explanation of Stamping and Stencilling etc., 1st issue Feb1945 A2 Explanation of Stamping and Stencilling etc. with a Brief Ammunition Dictionary of Japanese Characters, 2nd issue Sep1945 Section B Small arms ammunition and cannon shell B1 Introduction, 1st issue May1945 B2 Cartridges SA 6.5-mm (0.256-in) Semi-rimless, 1945 B3 Cartridges SA 7.7-mm (0.303-in) Semi-rimless, 1945 B4 Cartridges SA 7.7-mm (0.303-in) Rimless, 1945 B5 Cartridges SA 7.7-mm (0.303-in) Rimmed, 1945 B6 Cartridges SA 7.92-mm (0.311-in) Rimless, 1945 B7 Reserved, (1945 Index) B8 Reserved, (1945 Index) B9 Japanese Pistol and Machine Carbine Ammunition, 1st issue Sept 1945 B10 Reserved, (1945 Index) B11 Ammunition for 13-mm Type 2 and 13.2-mm Type 3 Machine Guns, 1st issue June1945 B12 Aircraft Cannon Carts 12.7mm Semi Rimless for Aircraft Cannons Browning Type, 1st issue Sept 1945 B13 AC Cannon Cartridges 12.7mm (0.5-in) – Detailed Description, 1945 B14 Reserved, (1945 Index) B15 Cartridges SA 20-mm - general notes, 1st issue Dec 1945 B16 Cartridges SA 20-mm for Type 97 AT Machine Gun, 1st issue June1946 B17 Cartridges SA 20-mm for Type 98 AA/AT Gun, 1st issue Dec 1945 B18 Cartridges SA 20-mm for Type 99 Aircraft Cannon, 1st issue March 1946 B19 Cartridges SA 20-mm for Ho 5 A/C Cannon, 1st issue Jan1946 B20 Reserved, (1945 Index) B21 Cartridges SA AA/AT 25-mm (.98-in), 1st issue June1945 B21(a) Cartridges SA 25-mm for Type 96 AA/AT Gun, 1st issue July1946 Section C Grenades hand and discharger types C1 Introduction, 1st issue June1945 C1(a) Introduction, 1st issue Nov1945 C2 Grenade Hand or Discharger HE Type 91 & Grenade Hand HE Type 97, 1st issue June1945 C3 Grenade Hand or Discharger Incendiary (WP) ½ Kg, 1st issue May 1946 C4 Grenade Hand or Rifle HE Type 99 A, 1st issue July1945 C5 Grenade Hand HE Type 99 B, 1st issue March 1946 C6 Grenade Hand HE Stick Type 98, Grenade Hand Incendiary Stick Type, 1st issue August 1945 C7 Grenade Hand HE Pull Type (Believed to be Type 2-3), 1st issue Oct 1945 C8 Reserved, (1945 Index) C9 Reserved, (1945 Index)

C10 Reserved, (1945 Index) C11 Grenade Hand HE Anti-Tank Hollow Charge (Type 3), 1945 C12 HE AT (Hollow Charge) Grenade for 30-mm Rifled Discharger etc., 1st issue June1945 C12(a) Grenade HE AT Hollow Charge(Small Type) for 30-mm Rifled Discharger Cup, 1st issue July1946 C13 Reserved, (1945 Index) C14 Reserved, (1945 Index) C15 Grenade Rifle HE Type 3 Modification 1, 1st issue April 1946 C16 Grenade Rifle Smoke, 1st issue May 1946 C17 Flare 50-mm Tenth Year Type (A), 1st issue Sept 1946 C18 Grenade Hand HE Ceramic and Grenade Hand Shrapnel Ceramic, Dec 1945 C19 Grenade Hand Flash, 1st issue August 1946 C20 Reserved, (1945 Index) C21 Reserved, (1945 Index) C22 Grenade Hand Incendiary (Molotov Cocktails), 1st issue Feb 1946 Section D Mortar rocket and discharger ammunition D1 Introduction, 1st issue August 1945 D2 Reserved, (1945 Index) D3 50-mm Dischargers - General Notes,1st issue Nov 1945 D4 Finned Bangalore Torpedo, 1st issue August 1945 D5 Reserved, (1945 Index) D6 2 ½ Kg Spigot Charge, 1st issue May 1945 D7 Bomb HE 320-mm Spigot Mortar (335 Kg), 1st issue May 1945 D8 Ammunition for 50-mm (Grenade) Discharger Type 89, 1st issue Sept 1945 D9 Ammunition for 70-mm Type Taisho II Mortar (Rifled), 1st issue Feb 1946 D10 Ammunition for the 70-mm Barrage Mortar (Smooth Bore), 1st issue Nov 1945 D11 70-mm Mortar Spigot Bomb, 1st issue Jan1946 D12 Reserved, (1945 Index) D13 ML Mortars – General Notes, 1st issue Nov 1945 D14 Fuzes for Japanese 81-mm 90-mm 120-mm and 150-mm Mortar Bombs and Chinese 82-mm and 150-mm Mortar Bombs, 1st issue Oct 1945 D15 Ammunition for M.L. 81-mm Mortars, 1st issue Dec1945 D15 (a) Ammunition for M.L. 81-mm Mortars, 1st issue May 1946 D16 Ammunition for M.L. 82-mm Mortar (Chinese), 1st issue Jan 1946 D17 Ammunition for M.L. 90-mm Mortar, 1st issue Dec1945 D18 Ammunition for M.L. 120-mm Mortar, 1st issue Feb 1946 D19 Ammunition for M.L. 150-mm Mortar, 1st issue Jan 1946 D20 Ammunition for MK 6-inch Mortar Chinese, 1st issue April 1946 D21 Reserved, (1945 Index) D22 Reserved, (1945 Index) D23 Reserved, (1945 Index) D24 Reserved, (1945 Index) D25 Rocket Projectile 12-cm HE/Incendiary, 1945 D26 Reserved, (1945 Index) D27 Rocket Projectile 60Kg HE, 1945 D28 Reserved, (1945 Index) D29 Rocket Projectile 20-cm HE, 1945 D30 Reserved, (1945 Index) D31 Rocket Projectile 250Kg HE, 1945

D32 Reserved, (1945 Index) D33 Rocket Projectile 45-cm HE, 1945 Section E Gun ammunition E1 Introduction, 1945 E1(a) Introduction, 1st issue May1945 E1(b) Introduction, 1st issue Sept1945 E1(c) Comparative Chart for 75-mm Ammunition, 1st issue Nov 1945 E2 Primers used in Gun Ammunition, 1945 E2(a) Primers used in Gun Ammunition, 1st issue Oct 1945 E3 Type 88 HE Nose Percussion Fuzes for Gun Ammunition with 24-mm Fuze Hole, 1st issue April1945 E4 Fuze Percussion DA Type 93 (Small) for 37-mm Ammunition HE Nose Fuzed with 16-mm Fuze Hole, 1st issue Aug 1945 E5 Base Fuzes for AP/HE Shell in 37-mm, 47-mm and 75-mm Calibres, 1st issue July1945 E6 Time and Time & Percussion Fuzes used in Gun Ammunition, 1st issue Dec1945 E7 Typical Methods of Filling HE Nose Fuzed Shell, 1st issue June1945 E8 Typical Methods of Filling AP/HE Base Fuzed Shell, 1st issue June1945 E9 Typical Methods of Filling for Shrapnel Shell, 1st issue Feb 1946 E10 Typical Methods of Filling for Smoke Incendiary and Chemical Shells, 1st issue April 1946 E11 Gun Ammunition in 37-mm Calibre, 1st issue Sep 1945 E11(a) Ammunition for Japanese 37-mm Ho 203 Aircraft Cannon, 1st issue Feb 1946 E12 Ammunition for German 30mm Aircraft Cannons, 1st issue Sep1946 E13 Ammunition for 40-mm AA/AT Gun, 1st issue May 1946 E14 Ammunition for the Japanese Army 40-mm Ho 301 Aircraft Gun, 1st issue April1945 E15 Ammunition in 47-mm Calibre, 1st issue March 1946 E16 Reserved (1945 Index) E17 Cartridges QF (Fixed) for 57-mm Tank Guns, 1st issue Aug 1946 E18 Reserved (1945 Index) E19 Ammunition for 70-mm Type 92 Battalion Gun, 1st issue Dec 1945 E20 Ammunition for the 75-mm Type Meiji 41 Regimental Gun, 1st issue Oct 1945 E21 Ammunition for the 75-mm Type Meiji 38 Series of Field Guns and Type 94 Mountain Gun, 1st issue Oct 1945 E22 Ammunition for the 75-mm Type 90 Field Gun, 1st issue Jan 1946 E23 Gun Ammunition for Type 88 AA/Field Gun, 1st issue May 1945 E23(a) Gun Ammunition for 75-mm Type 88 AA/Field Gun,1st issue Sep 1945 E24 Ammunition for 88-mm Type 99 AA Gun, 1st issue Dec 1945 E25 105-mm Artillery Ammunition, 1st issue July 1946 E26 Ammunition for 8-cm (3-in) 10th Year Type Dual Purpose Naval Gun, 1st issue March 1946 E27 120-mm Artillery Ammunition, 1st issue July 1946 E28 150-mm Artillery Ammunition, 1st issue July 1946 E29 Ammunition for BL Type Taisho 3 (1914) 140-mm CA (Naval) Gun, 1st issue Aug 1946 Section F Mines and Booby Traps F1 Introduction, 1st issue April1945 F2 Japanese Land Mine AT Type 93, 1st issue Nov1944 F2(a) Anti-Personnel Fuze for the Land Mine Anti-Tank Type 93, 1st issue Aug 1945

F3 Lunge Mine, 1st issue July 1945 F3 Lunge Mine, 2nd issue March 1946 F4 Magnetised Anti-Tank Mine Type 99, June 1945 F5 Reserved (1945 Index) F6 Anti-Tank/Anti-Personnel Mine Type 3, 1st issue Dec1945 F7 Reserved (1945 Index) F8 Dutch Mushroom-Top Mine, 1st issue Sep 1945 F9 Anti-Vehicular Yardstick Mine, 1st issue Nov 1945 F10 Experimental Hand-Thrown Anti-Tank Mine, 1st issue Jan1946 F11 Improvised Mines, 1st issue Sep1946 F12 Reserved (1945 Index) F13 Reserved (1945 Index) F14 Beach Mine (Anti-Invasion, Two Horns), 1st issue Nov1945 F15 Anti-Boat Mine (One Horn, Small Type Mine, Type 2), 1st issue Feb 1946 F16 Naval ‘ISHI’ Mine, 1st issue April1946 F17 Reserved (1945 Index) F18 Reserved (1945 Index) F19 Reserved (1945 Index) F20 Japanese booby traps, 1st issue Nov 1945 F21 Reserved (1945 Index) F22 Reserved (1945 Index) F23 Special Booby Trap Mechanisms, 1945 F24 Explosives and Devices for Saboteur Use (Secret Supplementary Leaflet, 1945) Section G Pyrotechnics G1 Introduction, 1st issue Feb 1946 G2 Rocket, Signal, Modification I, 1st issue April1946 G3 Cartridges Signal 35mm, 1st issue March1946 G4 Ground Flares (Signal) with Pull Type Friction Ignition, 1st issue June 1945 G5 Flare Signal 4cm Type ’93 Self Propelling, 1st issue June1946 G6 Japanese, Type 100 Self Propelling Illuminating Flare with Parachute, 1st issue May 1946 G7 Reserved (1945 Index) Section H Demolition Stores H1 Introduction, 1st issue Jan 1946 H2 Japanese Electric Primer etc Adapted to fit 1.375-inch (British) Standard Fuze Hole, 1st issue May1945 H3 Japanese Bangalore Torpedoes, 1st issue June 1945 H4 Japanese Saboteur Stores, 1st issue Sep 1945 H5 Charge Demolition 2Kg Beehive, 1st issue May1946 H6 Reserved (1945 Index) H7 Reserved (1945 Index) H8 Demolition Clocks, 1st issue June 1946 Section J Smoke and chemical ammunition J1 Introduction, 1st issue Feb 1946 J2 Smoke Generators, 1st issue March 1946 J3 Japanese Type ‘94B Floating Smoke Candle, 1st issue April 1946 J4 Type ’99-A Self Propelling Screening Smoke Candle, 1st issue May 1946 J5 Japanese Type ’94-A Screening Smoke Candles Large and Small, May 1946 J6 Type ’89-A Lachrymatory Candle, 1st issue June 1946 J7 Japanese Type I Model I Smoke Generator (White), 1946

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