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LAPORAN TETAP

PRAKTIKUM GEOLOGI DASAR

Disusun sebagai syarat untuk mengikuti ujian semester Praktikum Geologi Dasar
Jurusan Teknik Pertambangan Universitas Sriwijaya

Oleh :

Williana Sarifatul Asma

03021381520058

FAKULTAS TEKNIK

UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

2015
LAPORAN TETAP

PRAKTIKUM GEOLOGI DASAR

Disetujui untuk Jurusan Teknik Pertambangan


Koordinator Asisten Asisten Praktikum Geologi Dasar

Abdi Alfarisi Wini Dwi Anggraini


KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, karena berkat rahmat dan karunianyalah
Penulis dapat menyelesaikan penulisan laporan tetap ini yang dibuat sebagai salah
satu syarat untuk mengikuti ujian semester praktikum geologi dasar.

Pada kesempatan ini pula, Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada pihak
pihak yang telah membantu dalam menyusun makalah ini :

1. Orang tua yang telah memberikan dukungan dan motivasi baik material
maupun spiritual
2. Dr. Ir. Endang Wiwik, M.Sc., Falisa, ST., MT. selaku dosen pembimbing mata
kuliah geologi dasar.
3. Abdi Alfarisi selaku koordinator asisten praktikum geologi dasar.
4. Korps Asisten praktikum Geologi Dasar jurusan Teknik Pertambangan
Universitas Sriwijaya, terutama Wini Dwi Anggraini sebagai asisten
pembimbing penulis.
5. Teman-teman dan Semua pihak yang telah membantu dalam pembuatan
laporan tetap ini.
Penulis juga menyadari banyaknya terdapat kesalahan dalam penulisan
makalah ini. Oleh Karena itu, Penulis mengharapkan kritik dan saran yang
bersifat membangun. Kritik dan saran yang diberikan nantinya bisa membantu
untuk mencapai keinginan penulis agar tercapai, dan terwujudnya tulisan yang
bermanfaat dan berguna.

Mudah-mudahan makalah ini dapat berguna bagi kita semua terutama bagi
penulis dalam melanjutkan proses pembelajaran mengenai geologi dasar ini.
Indralaya, November 2015 Penulis,

Williana Sarifatul Asma


03021381520058
DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

KATA PENGANTAR............................................................................................iii
DAFTAR ISI..........................................................................................................iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR.............................................................................................v
DAFTAR TABEL.................................................................................................viii
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ........................................................................................
BAB
I. Mineralogi
I.1 Pengertian Mineralogi..........................................................................I.1
I.2 Pengertian Mineral...............................................................................I.1
I.3 Deret Reaksi Bowen.............................................................................I.11
I.4 Sifat-sifat Mineral.................................................................................I.12
I.5 Penggolongan Mineral.........................................................................I.13
I.6 Warna ...................................................................................................I.13
I.7 Perawakan Kristal.................................................................................I.14
I.8 Kilap Kristal.........................................................................................I.14
I.9 Kekerasan Kristal.................................................................................I.15
I.10 Derajat kekerasan...............................................................................I.17
I.11 Goresan...............................................................................................I.17
I.12 Belahan...............................................................................................I.18
I.13 Derajat Transparansi...........................................................................I.18
I.14 RPecahan............................................................................................I.19
I.15 Ketahanan...........................................................................................I.19
I.16 Berat Jenis..........................................................................................I.20
I.17 Kemagnetan........................................................................................I.22
I.18 Kelistrikan..........................................................................................I.23
I.19 Rasa dan Bau.....................................................................................I.24
I.20 Reaksi dengan Asam.........................................................................I.25
I.21 Klasifikasi Mineral............................................................................I.26
II. Batuan Beku
II.1 Pengertian Batuan...............................................................................II.1
II.2 Proses Pembentukan Batuan ..............................................................II.2
II.3 Siklus Batuan......................................................................................II.3
II.4 Pengertian Batuan Beku......................................................................II.4
II.5 Intrusi Batuan Beku............................................................................II.6
II.6 Klasifikasi batuan beku.......................................................................II.6
II.7 Temperatur batuan beku......................................................................II.6
II.8 Struktur Batuan Beku......................................................................II.10
II.9 Proses Pembentukan Batuan beku.................................................II.12
II.10 Komposisi Mineral Batuan Beku................................................I1.13

III. Batuan Sedimen


III.1 Pengertian Batuan Sedimen.........................................................III.1
III.2Proses sedimentasi........................................................................III.2
III.3 Proses Sedimentasi mekanik........................................................III.4
III.4Proses sedimentasi kimiawi..........................................................III.6
III.5 Cara menetukan Batuan sedimen.................................................III.6
III.6 Struktur Batuan Sedimen.............................................................III.7
III.7 Struktur Sedimen.........................................................................III.7
III.8 Struktur Batuan Sedimen Klastik.................................................III.8
III.9 Struktur Batuan Sedimen Non Klastik.........................................III.8
III.10 Tekstur Sedimen.........................................................................III.8
III.11 Klasifikasi Sedimen...................................................................III.9

IV.Batuan Metamorf
IV.1 Pengertian Batuan Metamorf........................................................IV.1
IV.2 Pengenalan Metamorfisme............................................................IV.2
IV.3 Jenis-jenis Metamorfisme.............................................................IV.3
IV.4 Macam Batuan Metamorf..............................................................IV.5
IV.5 Jenis Metamorfisme......................................................................IV.6
IV.6 Tekstur batuan metamorf...............................................................IV.9
IV.7 Klasifikasi Batua Metamorf..........................................................IV.10

V. Geologi Struktur
V.1 Pengertian Geologi Struktur...........................................................V.1
V.2 Deformasi Batuan...........................................................................V.2
V.3 Yang di pelajari di geologi struktur................................................V.2
V.4 Mekanisme Sesar............................................................................V.5
V.5 Anatomi Sesar.................................................................................V.6
V.6 Kriteria Pensesaran ........................................................................V.7
V.7 Jenis Stuktur Geolog.......................................................................V.9
V.8 Lipatan ...........................................................................................V.10
V.9 Patahan.......................................................................................... V.11
VI. Pengenalan Geologi
VI.1 Kompas Geologi dan Kegunaannya.............................................VI.1
VI.2 Kompas Geologi...........................................................................VI.3
VI.3 Arah Mata angin...........................................................................VI.5
VI.4 Fungsi Kompas Geologi...............................................................VI.5
VI.5Pengukuran Strike..........................................................................VI.6
VI.6 Pengukuran Dip Direction............................................................VI.6
VI.7 Bagian Kompas............................................................................ VI.7
VII. Peta Topografi
VII.1Pengertian Peta Topografi.............................................................VII.2
VII.2Unsur Unsur Peta Topografi.........................................................VII.4
VII.3 macam pola pengaliran................................................................VII.5
VII.4 Peta Topografi dengan Garis Kontur...........................................VII.6
VII.5Sifat sifat Garis Kontur.................................................................VII.6
VII.6 Pembuatan Peta Topografi...........................................................VII.7
VIII. Pengenalan GPS dan Orientasi Medan
VIII.1 Definisi GPS..............................................................................VIII.1
VIII.2 Keuntungan dan Kegunaan GPS................................................VIII.2
VIII.3 Penggunaan GPS........................................................................VIII.3
VIII.4 Fungsi Satelit..............................................................................VIII.3
VIII.5 Penetuan Posisi dengan GPS......................................................VIII.5
VIII.6 Penggunaan GPS........................................................................VIII.6
VIII.7 orientasi Medan..........................................................................VIII.6
VIII.8 Bagian bagian GPS....................................................................VIII.8
IX. Citra Satelit
XI.1 Citra Foto......................................................................................IX.1
XI.2 Klasifikasi Citra Foto....................................................................IX.1
XI.3 Citra Non Foto..............................................................................IX.6
X. Pengenalan Peta Geologi
X.1 Peta Geologi.....................................................................................X.1
X.2 Penginterpretasian Peta Geologi.......................................................X.3
X.3Pembacaan Peta Geologi...................................................................X.4
X.4 Kedudukan lapisan batuan................................................................X.5
X.5IntrepretasiPetaGeologi.................................................................X.6
DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar Halaman

I.1 Deret Reaksi Bowen....................................................................................I.2


I.4 Skala Tingkat Kekerasan.............................................................................I.5
I.4 Alat ukur derajat kkerasan..........................................................................I.5
II.2 Proses Pembentukan batuan.......................................................................2.4
II.8 Gambar batuan beku Dalam.......................................................................2.8
II.9 Tabel RosenBusch......................................................................................2.9
V.2 Mata Angin.................................................................................................V.2
VI.2 sungai jenis dendritik................................................................................VI.2
VI.2 sunagi jenis pararel...................................................................................VI.2
VI.2 sungai jenis trellis.....................................................................................VI.2
VI.2 sungai jenis radial.....................................................................................VI.2 VI.2
sungai jenis annural.................................................................................................VI.2
VII.6 bagian bagian GPS................................................................................VII.9
IX.1 Foto Citra Satelit.......................................................................................IX.1
X.1Gambar Peta GEologi.................................................................................X.1
X.2 Simbol........................................................................................................X,.2
X.4 Gambar Kontur Peta grologi......................................................................X.14
X.5 kedudukan lapisan.....................................................................................X. 5
DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel Halaman

I.5 tabel kekerasan ......................................................................................I.6


I.5 Tabel derajat kekerasan...........................................................................I.8
II.9. Tabel Rossenbusch...............................................................................II.16
II.10 diagram hamblin....................................................................................III.2
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran Halaman

A. Determinasi Mineralogi
B. Determinasi Batuan Beku
C. Determinasi Batuan Sedimen
D. Determinasi Batuan Metamorf
E. Determinasi Kompas Geologi
F. Peta Topografi

LEMBAR ASISTENSI
PRAKTIKUM GEOLOGI DASAR

NAMA : Williana Sarifatul Asma


NIM : 03021381520058
FAKULTAS : Teknik
JURUSAN : Teknik Pertambangan
JUDUL : Laporan Tetap Praktikum Geologi Dasar
ASISTEN : Wini Dwi Anggraini

No Tanggal Paraf Keterangan


.

Palembang, November 2015


Asisten Pembimbing,

Wini Dwi Anggraini


NIM 03121402045