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Digestion and absorption [DPP -2]

MCQs on Pharynx, Oesophagus and Stomach


1. Match the two columns and select the correct among options given
Column I Column II
A. Biomacromolecules of food i. Alimentary canal and associated gland
B. Human digestive system ii. Embedded in jawbones.
C. Stomach iii. Outer wall of visceral organs
D. Thecodont iv. Converted into simple substances
E. Serosa v. J-shaped bag like structure
Options:
a. A-ii, B-i, C-v, D-iii, E-iv b. A-iv, B-i, C-v, D-ii, E-iii
c. A-i, B-ii, C-iii, D-iv, E-v d. A-i, B-iii, C-ii, D-iv, E-v
2. The primary dentition in human differs from permanent dentition in not having one of the following type
of teeth.
a. Molars b. Incisors c. Canines d. Premolars (AIPMT)
3. The epithelium found in the inner linings of stomach and intestine is
a. columnar b. squamous c. stratified d. pseudo-stratified. (WB JEE)
4. In human beings, the three pair of salivary glands and numerous buccal glands produce about
a. 1.0 dm3 of saliva per day b. 1.5 dm3 of saliva per day
c. 2.0 dm3 of saliva per day d. 2.5 dm3 of saliva per day.
5. The distal part of the stomach that opens into duodenum is called
a. Fundus b. Pylorus c. Omentum d. Jejunum.
6. Peristalsis found in different parts of alimentary canal. In which one of these there is least peristalsis
[CPMT-71]
a. Stomach b. Duodenum c. Rectum d. Oesophagus
7. Stomach is the main site for the digestion of [CPMT-81]
a. Fats b. Carbohydrate c. Protein d. All of these
8. The hormone involved in the discharge of gastric juice in mammal is called [CPMT-82]
a. Gastrin b. Secretin c. Secretin & CCK d. Enterogastrin
9. Function of HCl in stomach is to [CPMT-83]
a. Kill micro-organism of food b. Facilitate absorption of food
c. Dissolve enzymes secreted by gastric glands d. Active trypsinogen to trypsin
10. The structure which prevents entry of food into wind pipe during swallowing in mammals is [CPMT-
84,91]
a. Larynx b. Glottis c. Epiglottis d. Pharynx
11. Which of the following is a common passage in swallowing food and breathing [CPMT-85]
a. Pharynx b. Larynx c. Glottis d. Gullet
12. Which of these will leave the stomach first in Man [CPMT-92]
a. Bear b. Proteins c. Fats d. Carbohydrates

Composed by Dr. Atin Kumar Srivastava


Digestion and absorption [DPP -2]
13. In which part of stomach mainly digestion occurs - [RPMT-84]
a. Cardiac Region b. Fundic Region c. Pyloric Region d. All above
14. Parietal cells of mucosa in stomach is secretes: - [RPMT-89]
a. Mucin b. Pepsin c. HCl d. All of these
15. Pepsinogen is converted to pepsin by: -
a. Low PH b. Trypsinogen c. Chymotrypsin d. Enterokinase
16. Mucus is secreted by the: -
a. Stomach b. Duodenum c. Large intestine d. All of the above
17. Cephalic phase of gastric secretion is mediated by: -
a. Neurohormone b. Parasympathetic c. Sympathetic d. Gastrin
18. Hydrochloric acid is secreted by the: -
a. Paneth cells b. Goblet cells c. Chief cells d. Parietal cells
19. Which of the following stimulates the secretion of gastric juice: - [AIPMT-98]
a. Gastrin b. Enterogasterone c. Secretin d. Hepatocrinin
20. In stomach after physical and chemical digestion food is called: - [AIPMT-99]
a. Chyme b. Chyle c. Amino acid d. Bolus
22. Gastric enzyme pepsin reacts only in acidic medium with in a limited pH concentration. It varies:
a. 1.20 to 1.80 b. 1.00 to 1.50 c. 2.00 to 2.50 d. 1.50 to 2.60
23. Stomach in vertebrates is the main site for digestion of: [CPMT 19982; AFMC 1985; DELHI PMT 1984]
a. Proteins b. Carbohydrates c. Fats d. Nucleic acids
24. In man there are about 35,000,000 gastric pits at about: [CPMT 1992]
a. 200/mm2 b. 300/mm2 c. 1000/mm2 d. 100/mm2
25. Function of HCl in stomach is to: [MP PMT 1994; CPMT 1982, 84, 95]
a. Kill micro-organisms of food b. Facilitate absorption of food
c. Dissolve enzymes d. Activate pepsinogen to pepsin
26. First and largest chamber in stomach of ruminants like cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and camel is
a. Reticulum b. Rumen c. Omasum d. Abomasum
27. Regurgitation of food from stomach is prevented by
a. Pyloric sphincter b. Cardiac sphincter
c. Circular muscle d. Muscularis mucosae

28. Narrow distal of stomach is known as

29. The original function of the vertebrate stomach is .

30. In which layer of stomach are gastric gland located M

31. Cardiac gland are present in..

Composed by Dr. Atin Kumar Srivastava


Digestion and absorption [DPP -2]
32. The epithelial cells lining the stomach of vertebrate is protected from the damage by HCl

because.

33. The movement of gut wall are known as

34. Which part of the alimentary canal does not secrete any enzyme?

35. Alimentary canal is usually longer in

36. In an empty contracted stomach the mucosa is thrown into folds known as:

37. The food that enters intestine from stomach is called:

. 38Animal with longest oesophagus is:

39. The valve' in between the oesophagus and the stomach is called..

40. Opening of oesophagus is

During intake of food, what prevents the entry of


foodinto the glottis (opening of wind pipe)?
(a) Glottis itself prevents into the entry of food glottis
(b) Food entry is prevented by air present in
wind pipe
(c) Food entry into glottis is prevented by annular rings of
pharynx
(d) Food entry is prevented by epiglottis into the glottis
16. Opening of oesophagus into j'-shaped, bag-like
structure is regulated by
(a) pyloric sphincter
(b) sphincter of oddi
(c) ileocaceal sphincter
(d) gastro oesophageal sphincter
17. Stomach located on the upper left portion of
abdominal cavity has three parts, a ... A ... portion
into which the oesophagus open, a ... B ... region
and a ... C ... portion, which opens into small
intestine.
Identify A, B and C to complete the given NCERT
statement and choose the correct option
accordingly.
(a) A- cardiac, B- fundic, C- pyloric

Composed by Dr. Atin Kumar Srivastava


Digestion and absorption [DPP -2]
(b) A- fundic, 8- cardiac, C-pyloric
(c) A-pyloric, 8-cardiac, D- tundic
(d) A--pyloric, B-fundic, C-cardiac

21. What is the correct labelling of diagram given


below? Choose the correct option accordingly.
D
(a) A-Fundic portion, 8-Cardiac region, C-Pyloric region.
D-Food pipe, E-Wind pipe
(b) A-Fundus, 8-Pyloric region, C-Cardiac reg ion.
0-0esophagus, E-Duodenum
(c) A-Fundic region, B-cardiac region, C-Pyloric region,
D-Oesophagus, E-Duodenum
(d) A-Cardiac reg1on, B-Pyloric region. C-Fundic region,
0-0esophagus, E-Duodenum

1 B 6 C 11 a 1 d 2
6 1
2 D 7 C 1 a 1 b 2 D
2 7 2
3 A 8 a 1 b 1 d 2 A
3 8 3
4 B 9 a 1 c 1 a 2 B
4 9 4
5 B 1 c 1 a 2 A 2 A
0 5 0 5
2 B

Composed by Dr. Atin Kumar Srivastava


Digestion and absorption [DPP -2]
6
2 B
7

Composed by Dr. Atin Kumar Srivastava