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DATE : 07/04/2001 DOC. MIE 11150 REV. 5.

43

FWH2 PROGRAM
FOR THE CONTROL OF THE DRTS
AUTOMATIC INSTRUMENT
REVISION 5.43
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REVISION DESCRIPTION OF CHANGES VISA


N PAG. DATE
1 All 20-11-1998 Issued Lodi.

2 All 20/10/1999 Added commands for AMIV/3. Revised codes and defini- Lodi
tions.
5.XX All 02/02/2000 Added commands for IO6432 and for DRTS.3 Lodi

5.43 55 07/04/2001 Added fault 199 Lodi


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 3/55

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................................... 4


2 OPERATION WITH THE FWH2 PROGRAM ....................................................................................................... 5
2.1 NORMAL OPERATION ................................................................................................................................................. 5
2.2 REPRODUCTION OF FAULT RECORDS .......................................................................................................................... 7
2.3. FWH2 UPDATING...................................................................................................................................................... 8
3 TEST SET-UP PARAMETERS ................................................................................................................................. 9
3.1 A.C. VOLTAGE .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.2 FREQUENCY ............................................................................................................................................................ 11
3.3 CURRENT ................................................................................................................................................................ 12
3.4 VOLTAGE AND CURRENT ......................................................................................................................................... 13
3.5 DIRECT VOLTAGE .................................................................................................................................................... 15
3.6 AUXILIARY OUTPUTS .............................................................................................................................................. 15
3.7 TIME MEASUREMENT .............................................................................................................................................. 16
3.8 ZERO POWER MODEL................................................................................................................................................ 18
3.9 MEASUREMENT ....................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.10 PARAMETERS FOR THE OPTIONAL IO EXPANSION................................................................................................... 19
3.10.1 Trip inputs ...................................................................................................................................................... 19
3.10.2 Digital outputs ............................................................................................................................................... 20
3.11 SENDING WAVE-FORMS OR RECORDS ..................................................................................................................... 20
4 OPERATING COMMANDS TO THE INSTRUMENT ........................................................................................ 22
4.1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................... 22
4.2 TEST MESSAGE ........................................................................................................................................................ 22
5.3 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS............................................................................................................................................... 23
4.4 MESSAGES AT START-UP ......................................................................................................................................... 24
5 RESULTS TRANSMITTED TO THE PC .............................................................................................................. 25
5.1 TIME MEASUREMENT .............................................................................................................................................. 25
5.2 THRESHOLD MEASUREMENT ................................................................................................................................... 25
5.3 TRIPS DURING THE PAUSE ....................................................................................................................................... 26
5.4 OTHER RESPONSES OF THE INSTRUMENT ................................................................................................................. 26
5.5 RESPONSES WITH MISU OPTION ............................................................................................................................. 27
5.6 RESPONSES WITH OPTION IO6432 ........................................................................................................................... 27
6 TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION OF RECORDS ......................................................................................... 29
6.1 FORMAT OF DATA STRING ....................................................................................................................................... 29
6.1.1 CRC computation ............................................................................................................................................. 29
6.2 TRANSMISSION PROTOCOL ...................................................................................................................................... 30
6.3 TRANSMISSION OF COMMANDS FORM THE PC TO THE INSTRUMENT........................................................................ 31
6.3.1 Test message .................................................................................................................................................... 31
6.3.2 Immediate message .......................................................................................................................................... 32
6.3.3 Program updating ............................................................................................................................................ 33
7.4 TRANSMISSION OF RESULTS FROM THE INSTRUMENT TO THE PC............................................................................. 34
8 TABLE 1: TEST SETUP .......................................................................................................................................... 37
9 TABLE 2: OPERATIONAL COMMANDS TO THE INSTRUMENT................................................................ 43
10 TABLE 3: RESULTS TRANMITTED TO THE PC............................................................................................. 44
TABLE 4: SUMMARY OF FWH2 PARAMETER CODES ...................................................................................... 46
12 TABLE 5: FAULT CODES ..................................................................................................................................... 51
APPENDIX 1: NEW PERFORMANCES OF REV. 5.XX .......................................................................................... 55
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 4/55

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

This document describes the FWH2 program that controls the DRTS and also: UTS, ART/3 and
ART/100, plus UTB, all with the MICR-H control board and the firmware revision 5.XX. Appendix
1 lists new performances.

The set of basic commands may differ to some extent between the different models (for instance,
range setting): all parameters are summarised in this document.

With the FWH2 firmware direct commands are possible because the instrument works in associa-
tion with a computer. In this way the controlled instrument has acquired total flexibility for every
type of test required. The computer stores programs for repetitive tests, for tracing response curves,
for statistical analysis, etc.

This document describes:


- The magnitudes (voltage, current, etc.) that can be generated and controlled, and their correlation
(from the PC to the instrument);
- The measurements that can be carried out by the instrument (from the instrument to the PC);
- Possible measurement cycles;
- The messages to reproduce the records;
- The messages to reload the program;
- Dialogue protocol.

Instrument performances are described separate specifications.


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 5/55

2 OPERATION WITH THE FWH2 PROGRAM

2.1 Normal operation

All versions of the instrument are capable of:


- Generating outputs (voltages, currents, trips);
- Measuring contact trips and the corresponding delay times.
. Reproducing the events recorded in the COMTRADE format;
. Restarting the control program.

The purpose of the FWH2 program is to receive command sequences from the PC, to put them into
effect, and to send test results to the instrument. The instrument will follow every step of the in-
structions received, but is unable to take any independent initiative.

The PC does not control the instrument in real-time. A typical operation would be as follows:
- the operator sets up the test;
- the PC program transforms the test into a series of groups of parameters (I, V, etc.);
- when the test begins, the first group of parameters will be sent to the instrument through the serial
interface;
- the instrument executes the test and sends the measured response time (or threshold) to the PC;
- the PC passes on to the next group of parameters, inserting the pause time required by the relay to
return to its initial status;
- the test continues in this way until completion.

The first thing to be defined is the situation with the parameters before starting the test. There are, in
fact, tests which commence with parameters at zero, and others with parameters not at zero (Fig. 1).
For this reason the PC sends a com-
mand which defines the initial val- STATUS REST TEST REST
ues, called healthy values. From that
moment until completion of the test
PARAMETERS
these values will be the reference
values of test end. Also the healthy A) OVER - RELAY
values can be modified while the test
is running.

The measurements to be made are PARAMETERS


(see Fig. 2): B) UNDER - RELAY
- Trip delays;
- Threshold setting. Fig. 1: evolution of parameters
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 6/55

The fact that the PC does not con- PARAMETERS


trol the instrument in real-time,
makes certain types of test impossi- INPUT X
ble. In order to solve this problem, TX
the instrument allows for the run-
ning of tests involving more than A) DELAY MEASUREMENT
one elementary test, in the follow- PXX
ing called cycle (Fig. 3). In this
INITIAL
case, the PC will transmit all the VALUE
test parameters to the instrument at PARAMETERS
one time, after which the instrument
will have the task of evolving the INPUT X
parameters in the pre-set sequence, B) MEMORIZATION OF THE VARIABLE
PARAMETER AS RELAY TRIPS
and of transmitting the results of
the various cycles to the PC. When
working in this mode an elementary Fig. 2: instrument measurements
test is the one that involves only one cycle.

The maximum number of cycles in a test is 49; the minimum duration of a cycle is 1 ms.

Generally speaking, whatever the total number of cycles, the PC can define:
- the evolution of the parameters during the test;
- the measurements to be made during the test;
- in the case of several cycles, the conditions required in order to pass on to the next cycle;
- the value of the parameters at the end of the test.

By means of this dialogue it is possible to simulate even the manual regulation of a parameter.

The following paragraphs will give the details about: parameters to set up the test; initial instrument
status; commands to the instrument; results transmitted to the PC; communication protocol.
Tables from 1 to 3 show the variables and their codes; table 4 shows variables and answers ordered
by code.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 7/55

CYCLE 0 I II III IV 0

PARAM.1

PARAM.2

TRIP

MEASUREMENTS TRIP TP TRIP TP


THRESHOLD THRESHOLD

A) MEASUREMENTS OF TRIP AND RESTORE THRESHOLDS


PARAMETERS ARE HELD DURING TP
CYCLE 0 I II III IV 0

PARAM.1

PARAM.2

TIP
TDL TP RDL TP
MEASUREMENTS
B) MEASUREMENTS OF TRIP AND RESTORE DELAY

Fig. 3: evolution of multiple

2.2 Reproduction of fault records

To reproduce the fault records, there is a dedicated PC program, called MAN-R.


In order to reproduce the waveform, the PC sends a command of new waveform (NEWFDO), fol-
lowed by the index number (from 16 to 100).
After this, the PC sends a series of commands (FRMFDO) that contain a single wave form set of
data. This means that it is necessary to send as many FRMFDO commands as is the number of
samples.
FWH2 verifies the validity of the received code; if the message is correct, it is saved in the dynamic
RAM.

The recording is handled as standard waveform that are recorded into the instrument. Usually, when
the waveform is reproduced, the instrument measures the timings of the enabled contacts, from the
beginning of the recording.

The value to be generated is set in a trip delay test that selects as waveform the code of the recorded
wave. This test message will also contain: the ranges of voltages and currents, the enabled trip
commands and their level and the auxiliary voltage.

Note that if the duration of the test is longer than the sampled wave form, the generation of the
wave restarts from the first sample. Besides, given the sampling frequency, the instrument automat-
ically selects the frequency of the filter of wave form reproduction (32 times the sampling frequen-
cy), in order to optimise the generated waveform.
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2.3. FWH2 updating

It is possible to update the resident program FWH2 using the UPGRADE program.

Normally, FWH2 waits the PC for the operating codes of the commands. When FWH2 receives the
updating code (NEWFW command), it waits for the command of frame transmission (NEWFRM)
that contains the new release. To make this possible, FWH2 has a fixed core that controls: serial in-
terface, command code recognition, and the instructions for the upgrade of the program.

First of all this core executes the test of validity of the code received with each frame; if the mes-
sage is validated, the program stores into it into the dynamic RAM. When all the message has been
received (256 frames), the program waits for the final upgrade command (UPDFW); then, it starts
up with the actual replacement of the former FWH2 issue. At any moment the instrument can in-
form the PC about the number of the frame being updated (UPDFRM).

The core tests the validity of the FWH2 program at each power-on: if the program is found corrupt-
ed, the core sends an error code to the PC, to inform that it is necessary to re-load the control pro-
gram.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 9/55

3 TEST SET-UP PARAMETERS

Table 1 summarises: the outputs that can be generated; the parameter code number; its field of vari-
ability; the unit of measurement.

All parameters controlling amplitudes can be pre-set in value and in gradient. The two selections
may even coexist in the same test, and their meaning will be explained further on.

The following paragraphs provide detailed descriptions of:


- The characteristics and meaning of each parameter;
- Relationship and exclusions between parameters.

Note that rate of change parameters are active only if a threshold test is selected. All parameters
change their value linearly with time:

Parameter(t) = (Starting parameter value) + (Gradient) * t


Where Gradient can be positive or negative.

In this type of test usually one variable is changed at a time, or more parameters of the same type
(example: all currents). If the relay controls a complex variable (power, impedance) usually only
one parameter is changed at a time.

FWH2 accepts more gradients at a time, but MAN and EDITOR restrict this selection to not being
of different variables: this is to avoid misunderstanding on test results.

In a threshold test, if the gradient is zero the parameter will not change; otherwise, as test starts the
parameter starts changing with the programmed slope, starting from the initial value. Test stop de-
pends upon the type of parameter, as explained later on.

3.1 A.C. voltage

Different instruments have different number of ranges and range values; available ranges are re-
ported in table 1. Figure 4 illustrates these parameters.

The parameter VOLTAGE RANGE has the names UMX1 = phase 1; UMX2 = phase 2; UMX3
= phase 3, and sets the RMS maximum value of the voltage on that phase. The range can be
modified while there is an output in DRTS and UTS; the range selection must be performed
while there is no output for all other instruments. Ranges are listed in Table 1. The parameter is
automatically set by the RUN program with instruments UTS and DRTS; with ART/3, ART/100
and UTB they must be set by the programmer.
NOTE: on DRTS.3, output V4 does not have the range selection.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 10/55

Figure 4: Phase voltages and angles

The parameter VOLTAGE OUTPUT has the following identification names: UPH1, UPH2,
UPH3, phase voltages in VRMS. The value of these parameters cannot exceed UMX1, UMX2,
and UMX3, respectively. For DRTS.3, output U4 is controlled by UPH4, that cannot exceed the
fixed range of 125 (or 300) V.
The resolution is reported in table 1.

The selection VOLTAGE SOCKET SELECTION (name SUST), has allows switching the posi-
tive end of the single-phase voltage output onto one the four sockets marked U1, U2, U3, U0.
The neutral is applied to the socked UN (not selectable).

The VOLTAGE RATE OF CHANGE selection has the names GU1, GU2, GU3, GU4 for phases
1, 2, 3, 4 (DRTS.3 only). The unit is percent of selected range per second.
The test stops:
- at the moment of tripping of the first programmed contact;
- at zero value;
- at UMX;
- as the maximum time of the cycle is expired.
In the last three cases, the instrument answers with a special code.

The selection VOLTAGE ANGLES has the names: AU11, AU21, AU31, AU4, which refer re-
spectively to:
- the rotation of U1 with respect to the absolute reference;
- the U2-U1 angle AU21 and the U3-U1 angle AU31, both before and after test start.;
- the rotation of U4 with respect to the absolute reference.
The definition corresponds to what can be used by a phase meter. The sign of the angle is
POSITIVE for clockwise rotation for AU11, AU21, AU31, and is POSITIVE for anticlockwise ro-
tation for AU4. If not otherwise specified, values are 120 for AU21 and -120 for AU31.
NOTE: for AU11, AU21, AU31 the definition is not the standard one, and differs also from the one
used by the program X.TEST, where all vectors are referred to an absolute reference and are posi-
tive for anticlockwise rotation. The DLL file of program X.TEST executes the conversion.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 11/55

If the value of AU11 is other than zero, and the values of AU21 and AU31 are not modified, all
voltages will rotate together with AU11 as the test starts. If it is only necessary to rotate U1, leaving
U2 and U3 in their absolute positions, angles AU21 and AU31 must be modified to the new value
with respect to U1.
Angle resolution is 0,01.

The VOLTAGE ANGLE RATE OF CHANGE selection is called GAU11, GAU21, GAU31,
for the gradient of angles AU11 (that is U1 fault with respect to healthy), 2-1 and 3-1 respective-
ly. The unit of measure is degree/s. Note that as all voltages and currents are referred to U1, the
gradient of AU11 moves all vectors (voltages and currents) at the meantime. Note that the gradi-
ent of angle AU4 is not available.
Test stops:
- at the moment of tripping,
- at the maximum value of the cycle.
In the last case the instrument answers with a special code.

The VOLTAGE U1 RATE OF CHANGE parameter has name GAUA. With respect to GAU11,
it moves U1 only: at the end of the gradient, all relative angles will be modified.
Test stops:
- at the moment of tripping,
- at the maximum value of the cycle.
In the last case the instrument answers with a special code.

3.2 Frequency

The OUTPUT FREQUENCY selection (name FOUT) refers to the output frequency. Frequency
switching does not modify the amplitude of the output (Fig. 5), nor will the initial angle be al-
tered. With SYN selection on the previous parameter, angle selection remains valid only if set
before the start of the test. The angle between phases shifts as time goes on.

UR

TN c
TD

PHASE - SHIFT PER CYCLE


Fig. 5: Frequency switch from FN to FD

The FREQUENCY OR SYNCHRONISM selection, name FSYN, has the following selections:
- code 01: the frequency of all outputs is modified, for both voltage and current;
- code 02: the output frequency only is modified, and all the rest remain at the healthy value;
- code 03: the frequency of currents is modified, while voltages remain at the healthy value;
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 12/55

- code 04:, the output frequency of I1 and voltages is modified, I2 and I3 remain at the healthy val-
ue;
- code 05: only the output frequency of V4 is modified: all other outputs remain at the healthy val-
ue;
- code 06: output frequencies of V4 and V1 are modified: all other outputs remain at the healthy
value.

This selection makes it possible to check three-phase frequency relays, or synchronising relays,
which require simultaneous use of two outputs having different frequencies.

The FREQUENCY RATE OF CHANGE selection (name GFREQ), enables ramping the output
frequency, defined by FOUT. The unit is in Hz/s.
The test stops:
- at the moment of tripping;
- minimum: at 1 Hz for DRTS and UTS; 25 Hz for ART and UTB;
- maximum: at 2 kHz for DRTS; 1 kHz for UTS; 500 Hz for ART and UTB;
- at maximum time.
In the last three cases the INSTRUMENT answers with a special code.
With SIN selection on the previous parameter, the selection of the angles will remain valid only if
made before the start of the test. The angle between the phases after a time T and gradient G has
the value of:
(ANGLE) = 6.28 x T x (FN + G x T).

3.3 Current

The instrument generates three currents. Fig. 6 illustrates the selections of these parameters.

IMXR

IPHR

-AIBR +AIYR

IPHB IPHY

IMXB IMXY

THREE - PHASE GENERATOR: PHASE CURRENTS

Fig. 6: Current parameters

The parameter CURRENT RANGE has the name IMX1 = phase 1; IMX2 = phase 2; IMX3 =
phase 3, and it refers to the absolute maximum value of the output current on that phase. The
current can be modified while there is an output in DRTS and UTS; the range selection must be
performed while there is no output for other instruments. Values available for selection are listed
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 13/55

in Table 1. The parameter is automatically set by the RUN program with instruments UTS and
DRTS; with ART/3, ART/100 and UTB this must be set by the programmer.

The parameter CURRENT OUTPUT has the following names: I1, I2, I3, phase currents. For
these parameters the value cannot exceed IMX1, IMX2, IMX3, respectively.

The CURRENT RATE OF CHANGE selection has been given the names GI1, GI2, GI3. The
unit is percent of selected range per second.
The test stops:
- at the moment of tripping;
- at zero;
- at IMAX;
- at the maximum cycle time.
In the last three cases the instrument answers with special codes.

The selection CURRENT ANGLE has been given the names AI21, AI31, which refer to the an-
gles IS-IR and IT-IR respectively. Definitions are the same as for voltage angles. If not otherwise
specified, the values are +120 for AI21 and -120 for AI31.

The CURRENT ANGLE RATE OF CHANGE selection has been given the names GAI21,
GAI31, for the gradient of angles 1-2 and 1-3 respectively.
Unit: degrees per second.
The test stops:
- at the moment of tripping,
- at the maximum cycle time.
In the last case the instrument answers with a special code.

The selection I SOCKET SELECTION (name MUSI) has the purpose of switching both ends of
the single-phase current output onto two of the four sockets marked I1, I2, I3, IN. The I1 selec-
tions (I2, I3) cause the current to pass between I1 (I2, I3) and IN. Selections I12 (I23, I31) make
the current to flow between I1 and I2 (I2 and I3, I3 and I1).

3.4 Voltage and current

The VOLTAGE-CURRENT ANGLE selection (name AUIR) refers to the angle between IR and
UR (negative angle = current lags; Fig. 7). All currents rotate together with IR. If AU11 is not
zero, and AUI1 is not modified as test starts, currents rotate of the value AV11. If this is not
what is required, the value of AVI1 must be modified.

Referring to the mathematical definition of the angle (positive angle = counter-clockwise rotation),
all angles, exception made for AUI1, are defined with opposite sign. This convention must be taken
into account for further transformations.

The VOLTAGE-CURRENT ANGLE RATE OF CHANGE (name GAUI1) refers to the varia-
tion of the angle between UR and IR. Unit: degrees per second. Note that as all currents are re-
ferred to I1, the gradient of AUI1 moves all currents at the meantime.
The threshold test stops:
- at the moment of tripping;
- at maximum cycle time.
In the last case the instrument answers with a special code.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 14/55

The CURRENT I1 RATE OF CHANGE parameter has name GAIA. With respect to GAUI1, it
moves I1 only: at the end of the gradient, all current relative angles will be modified.
Test stops:
- at the moment of tripping,
- at the maximum value of the cycle.
In the last case the instrument answers with a special code.

I U1
AU1 1
U1 '
I3

-AUI1

-AI31 I1
AU21

-AU31

U3
AI21
U2

I2

Fig. 7: angles between V and I

The selection POINT ON WAVE (code POINTW) allows controlling the starting value of V1,
expressed in degrees. This means that it is possible to select whether the voltage will change
when the sinusoidal waveform crosses the zero (0), or when it is at maximum (90). Variable
range: XXX degrees. When the parameter is selected, if a pre-fault value is programmed, test
starts only when the voltage reaches the programmed angular value, without creating any lack of
continuity.

The selection ABSOLUTE ANGLES (code SAAS) allows switching angles at the selected val-
ues, at any moment. This means that, on cycle N+1 after a trip, it is possible to generate currents
and voltages on two different instruments being in phase among them. Variable range: 0 = nor-
mal angles; 1 = absolute. The difference with respect to POINTW is that, if a pre-fault value is
programmed, test starts as soon as the trip is sensed, thus creating a lack of continuity.

The OUTPUT WAVEFORMS selection (name OWAV), refers to the selection of a wave-form
other than a 50 Hz sine-wave. Its values are summarised in the following table.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 15/55

UTS; UTS.1; ART/3; UTB DRTS; UTB.1, UTS.1,


UTB.1 - rev. 2.X ART/3 - rev. 4.51
1- Sinusoid 1- Sinusoid 1- Sinusoid
2- 2nd harmonic 2- 2nd harmonic 2- V: sin; I: Sat. C.T. at 60
3- 3rd harmonic 3- 3rd harmonic 3- V: sin; I: Sat. C.T. at 90
4- 5th harmonic 4- 4th harmonic 4- V: sin; I: 10% 2nd harmonic
5- 7th harmonic 5- 5th harmonic 5- V: sin; I: 20% 2nd harmonic
6- 8th harmonic 6- 7th harmonic 6- V: sin; I: 30% 2nd harmonic
7- Saturated C.T. 7- 8th harmonic 7- V: sin; I: 40% 2nd harmonic
8- Sinusoid + 50% 2nd harmonic 8- 5% 2nd harmonic 8- V: sin; I: 50% 2nd harmonic
9- Sinusoid + 70% 2nd harmonic 9- 10% 2nd harmonic 9- V: sin; I: 60% 2nd harmonic
10- Sinusoid + 6% 3rd harmonic 10- 5% 3rd harmonic 10- V: sin; I: 70% 2nd harmonic
11- Sinusoid + 12% 3rd harmonic 11- 10% 3rd harmonic 11- V: 6% 3rd harmonic; I: sin
12- Sinusoid + 18% 3rd harmonic 12- 5% 5th harmonic 12- V: 12% 3rd harmonic; I: sin
13- Sinusoid + 24% 3rd harmonic 13- 10% 5th harmonic 13- V: 18% 3rd harmonic; I: sin
14- Sinusoid + 30% 3rd harmonic 14- 10% 7th harmonic 14 - V: 24% 3rd harmonic; I: sin
15 - V: 30% 3rd harmonic; I: sin

Selection MODE 6I OR 6V. This applies only to DRTS. With the external amplifier AMI-150, it
is possible to generate three currents on the AMI-150 (and three voltages on the DRTS), or six
currents: three on the AMI-150 and three on the DRTS. With the external amplifier AMIV-3, it
is possible to generate six voltages or six currents: three on the AMIV-3 and three on the DRTS.
With the external amplifier AMI-3, it is possible to generate six currents: three on the AMI-3 and
three on the DRTS. Parameters are: 0 = 3 I + 3 V (AMI-150, AMIV/3 and AMI/3); 1 = 6 I
(AMI-150; AMIV-3 and AMI-3); 2 = 6 V (AMIV_3 only).

Selection ART/100 MODE. This applies only to ART/100, that has two amplifiers that can be
operated either as a current source or as a voltage source. Operating modes are:
- For the current source: I (high currents) or Vo (low voltages);
- For the voltage source: V (high voltages) or Io (low voltages).
Current and voltage that can be switched on different output sockets are I and V. The operating
modes selection is summarised in Appendix 1.

3.5 Direct voltage

The D.C. VOLTAGE OUTPUT selection (name UUCC) allows for regulation of the auxiliary
DC voltage value, from 0 to 130V or 260 V.

The D.C. VOLTAGE RATE OF CHANGE selection (name GUCC) permits variation of the DC
voltage. The unit is percent of the range (130 or 260V) per second. The test stops:
- at the moment of tripping;
- at zero value;
- at the maximum value;
- at the maximum test time.
In the last three cases the DRTS answers with special codes.

3.6 Auxiliary outputs

Auxiliary outputs are four for DRTS and ART/100: A1, A2, A3, A4. Other instruments have two
auxiliary outputs: A1, A2. Available parameters:
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 16/55

- Selection of the initial level (AUX1; AUX2; AUX3; AUX4), which defines the position of the
contact (Open or Closed);
- Selection of the switch delay (TIM_A1; TIM_A2; TIM_A3; TIM_A4), which is independently
programmable for the different outputs.

3.7 Time measurement

Time measurements are:


- Measurements of the delay from the fault to the digital inputs.
- Measurements of the delays between digital inputs.
Fig. 8 summarises the measurements that can be performed in these two cases.
It possible to measure:
- Delays from start to contact tripping or reset;
- Delays from tripping or reset of a selected contact to trip or reset of any contact.
Note that at tripping, is checked the input level; at reset is checked the transition from the level op-
posite to the reference one to the reference level.

Since the reference contact may also be one of those to be measured, it is possible to check the du-
ration of the opening or closing of a contact.
FAULT/INPUT

SELECTED
INPUTS

TX
TY
TZ

A) DELAY FROM FAULT / INPUT TO TRIP RESTORE

INPUT

SELECTED
INPUTS

TX
TY
TZ

B) DELAY FROM INPUT RESTORE TO TRIP RESTORE


Fig. 8: delay measurement

The parameter MAXIMUM CYCLE TIME, name TMAX, indicates the maximum duration of
the cycle. The minimum programmable value, is 1 ms. It will remain inactivated if, before this
interval has expired, occurs a trip of:
. all programmed inputs (AND logic), in case of measure temporisation;
. at least one of the programmed inputs (OR logic), in case of threshold (see figure 9);
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 17/55

STATUS TEST START TRIP

HEALTHY (TFIS,REFI)
PARAMETERS ZZZYX
(TFIS,REFI)
VARAIABLE
PARAMETERS
INPUT Y

(INPUT W)

Fig. 9: threshold measurement

otherwise it passes on to the next cycle. The missed trip is recorded, and any gradient searches in-
cluded in the test are blocked at the value reached at the TMAX instant.
Note that in case of threshold, the values given are the selected parameters values, and eventually
the maximum values and zero.

The PAUSE parameter, name TPAU, can be used to introduce a pause in the evolution of any
test during which no measurements are being performed, and which are limited to checking that
the inputs have not changed status. Watch out because it is an exception: it is a command fol-
lowed by its field (pause length). If count inputs C1TTL or C5TTL have been selected, test result
includes the number of transitions detected during the pause.

The parameter INPUT SELECTION, which has the name IN_Y (Y = 1-8). It allows selection of
those contacts required to measure the response time. The values of the variable are:
- NO: the input is IGNORED.
- NA: the level at the beginning of the measurement (or of the measurement cycle) is OPEN;
- NC: the level at the beginning of the measurement (or of the measurement cycle) is CLOSED.

The parameter TIME MEASUREMENT STOP, which has been given the name STOPY (Y = 1-
8). It permits selection of the transitions on which the time measurement should be stopped. The
values that can be assumed by this variable are:
- SC: stop at a tripping;
- RI: Stop at a release.
This selection is bound by the selection of NA or NC for the contact.

The parameter TIMER START has been given the name RIMT, and permits the operator to se-
lect the instant at which the measurement of the delay time will start. The values that this varia-
ble can assume are:
- GLA: measurement starts with the generation of the fault;
- CYS: measurement starts with the tripping of the contact CY;
- CYR: measurement starts with the release of contact CY

The following applies only to DRTS and ART/100. The first two parameters refer to trip inputs C1
to C8; the last two refer to count inputs, called C1TTL and C5TTL.

The parameters TRIP INPUT LEVEL, codes LIVING1-4 and LIVING5-8, with X as variable
field, allow setting the threshold of trip inputs, separately for inputs C1-C4, and C5-C8, that have
an independent reference. The coding of variable X is performed according to the following ta-
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 18/55

ble, that sets the input threshold. It is possible to select inputs voltage clean or under voltage; in
case of voltage clean the selection is 48 V, which is the wetting voltage of the DRTS.

Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Voltage clean TTL 24 V 48 V > 110
V
Under voltage TTL 24 V 48 V > 110
V

The parameters DEBOUNCE SELECTION, codes SETDEB C1-4 and SETDEB C5-8, allow
setting the time during which the instrument awaits for the input to be stabilised: this allows
passing the initial contact bounces. The field is 0 to XXXX us; the DRTS executes the debounce
with a minimum delay of 64 us, and then with 32 steps of 64 us each, up to 2 ms.

The parameter COUNTER INPUT, which has the name IN_Y (Y = C1TTL-C5TTL). It allows
selection of inputs C1, C5 that can be counted. The values of the variable are:
- NO: the input is IGNORED.
- NA: POSITIVE transitions are counted;
- NC: NEGATIVE transitions are counted.

The parameter NUMBER OF IMPULSES has the name AR(C1-C5), and allows measuring the
time corresponding to the programmed number of counts. The range of the variable is 0 to
XXXXXXX impulses. Note that the time measurement starts from the first detected transition
after test start.

3.8 Zero power model

The DRTS and ART/100 feature a connector with signals at low voltage and power (0 power), that
can be used to simulate voltage and currents with non-traditional transducers such as voltage divid-
ers and Rogowsky coils. Outputs are voltage only; relevant parameters are the followings.

The parameter VOLTAGE RATIO, code SET KTV, allows programming the primary to sec-
ondary voltage ratio. If, for instance, the transducer has the ratio 100 kV/ 2 V, setting 50000 it is
possible to program a test with primary voltage equal to 100 kV: the DRTS will generate 2 V.
Attention: the maximum voltage is 7.26 V.

The parameter CURRENT RATIO, code SET KTA, allows programming the primary to second-
ary current ratio. If, for instance, the transducer has the ratio 2 kA/ 2 V, setting 1000 it is possible
to program a test with primary voltage equal to 2 kA: the DRTS will generate 2 V. Attention: the
maximum voltage is 7.26 V or 0.726 V, depending upon the selection of next parameter.

The parameter CURRENT RANGE, code SET FS-I, allows programming the current range. The
argument X is 0 = 7.26 V, or 1 = 0.726 V. This allows increasing the test accuracy when the sec-
ondary voltage is small. If, for instance, the transducer has the ratio 2 kA/ 0.2 V, setting 1000 it
is possible to program a test with primary voltage equal to 2 kA: the DRTS will generate 0.2 V:
this allows overloading the current by a factor of 3.5. If instead it is necessary an higher over-
load, selecting the range of 7.26 V and setting the ratio at 10000 it is possible to simulate an
overload of 35 times the nominal current, without saturating the output.

3.9 Measurement
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 19/55

The DRTS and ART/100 feature the optional capability of measuring voltages and currents. There
are two commands; a separate code informs if the option is available.

The parameter ENABLE MEASUREMENT sets the operation of the measurement board. There
are four inputs on the option: 10 V; 250 V; 20 mA; 20 A; for all, it is possible to measure the
A.C. or D.C. voltage. It is possible to send this parameter within an healthy or fault message.The
meaning of the parameter is summarised in the following table.

CODE ACTION RANGE CODE ACTION RANGE


0 Measurement disabled - 5 D.C. voltage on input 250 V 250 V
1 A.C. voltage on input 250 V 250 V 6 D.C. voltage on input 10 V 10 V
2 A.C. voltage on input 10 V 10 V 7 D.C. current on input 20 A 50 A
3 A.C. current on input 20 A 50 A 8 D.C. current on input 20 mA 25 mA
4 A.C. current on input 20 mA 25 mA

3.10 Parameters for the optional IO expansion

The Io6432 option allows increasing the number of digital inputs and outputs. The maximum ex-
pansion is 96 inputs and 48 outputs. Inputs and outputs are numbered starting from 17: the former
16 refer to the ones already available or to future expansions.

3.10.1 Trip inputs

Trip inputs have the following settings:


- Enable disable and signal level;
- Timer start: separately, from input trip or reset;
- Timer stop.
Timer starts on the OR of selected inputs, both base and expansion ones. The behavior of these se-
lections together with the Timer start parameter (RIMT) is summarized here below.

TIMER START IO6432 TIME MEASUREMENT


RIMT = 067 TRIP/RESET
GLA (01) No one selected From test start
GLA (01) One or more OR of selected inputs.
Trip or reset of C1 to No one or some OR of selected inputs, including C1 to C8.
C8

TRIP ENABLE is performed by parameters ABI (1-16); (17-32); (33-48); (49-64); (65-80);
(81-96); (97-112). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32) is the first
group of trip inputs.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = disabled. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00000
means all inputs disabled; code 00001 means input 17 enabled, and so on. Default is 00000 (disa-
bled).

TRIP LEVEL SELECTION is performed by parameters SIN (1-16); (17-32); (33-48); (49-64);
(65-80); (81-96); (97-112). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32) is
the first group of trip inputs. This selection applies only if the input is enabled.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = Normal Open. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00000
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 20/55

means all inputs Normal Open; code 00001 means input 17 Normal Closed, and so on. Default is
00000 (disabled).

TIMER START FROM TRIP is selected by parameters ASC (1-16); (17-32); (33-48); (49-64);
(65-80); (81-96); (97-112). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32) is
the first group of trip inputs.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = disabled. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00000
means time measurement from test start; code 00001 means time measurement from trip of input
17, and so on. Default is 00000 (from test start).

TIMER START FROM RESET is selected by parameters ARI (1-16); (17-32); (33-48); (49-
64); (65-80); (81-96); (97-112). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32)
is the first group of trip inputs.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = disabled. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00000
means time measurement from test start; code 00001 means time measurement from reset of input
17, and so on. Default is 00000 (from test start).

TIMER STOP SELECTION is performed by parameters ARR (1-16); (17-32); (33-48); (49-
64); (65-80); (81-96); (97-112). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32)
is the first group of trip inputs. This selection applies only if the input is enabled.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = Trip; 1 = Reset. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code
00000 means stop time measurement as selected inputs trip; code 00001 means stop time measure-
ment as input 17 resets, and so on. Default is 00000 (timer stop on trip).

3.10.2 Digital outputs

Digital outputs have two settings: level and timing with respect to test start.

DIGITAL OUTPUT LEVEL SELECTION is performed by parameters LEV (1-16); (17-32);


(33-48); (49-64). The first one (1-16) is not used for the moment; second one (17-32) is the first
group of digital outputs.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the selection performed on
each input, with the definition: 0 = Contact Open. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00000
means all outputs open; code 00001 means close output 17, and so on. Default is 00000 (all outputs
open).
DIGITAL OUTPUT TIMING is programmed by parameters TIM (01-64), that have argument
XXXX.XX s. The first 16 are not used for the moment; next ones (17 on) are active.
Default value is 0: the output closes together with faults.

3.11 Sending wave-forms or records

There are three commands, that are automatically handled by MAN-R. These commands are not to
be used for preparing test programs.

1) NEWFDO has as only argument the code of the wave-form to initialise (from 16 to 99).

2) FRMFDO is followed by a binary code, structured as follows:


- 2 byte for the frame number;
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 21/55

- 2 byte for the delay in s between this sample and the following one;
- 6 couples of 2 byte, that correspond to the value to generate for VR, VY, VB and IR, IY, IB. The
phase generation is in 2-complement, as an integer value, exception made for the maximum nega-
tive value that is -32767 instead of -32768, for a symmetry with the positive values (max. 32767).
To 0 corresponds the code 0000; maximum positive value is 7FFF (that is 1.414 times the fault val-
ue), and maximum negative is 8001. The first byte sent is the low one (big endian encoding).
- 2 bytes for CRC data (see chap. 7.1.1).
For the command structure please see chapter 7.3.2.

3) ENDFDO terminates the transmission of the samples.

To minimise the duration of the wave-forms updating:


- if only the maximum value of one output is changed, just change the fault value.
- if only a part of an already transmitted wave-form must be modified, it is possible to send as many
FRMFDO commands as the samples to modify, after having begun the updating session with a
NEWFDO command, and closing it with ENDFDO.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 22/55

4 OPERATING COMMANDS TO THE INSTRUMENT

4.1 Introduction

When switched on, the instrument checks up on its own status, makes sure that it is connected to the
PC, then puts itself on standby to receive commands.

Table 2 summarises the commands transmitted by the PC to the instrument, and all the other data
that, together with the test parameters, define the type of action required:
- The number of cycles in the test;
- The type of action demanded of the instrument;
- Asynchronous commands for this test.

In order to define a test cycle, one must first specify:


- The parameters of each cycle and their values;
- The measurements to be carried out during each cycle;
- The conditions required on completion of the test.

The conditions required before the start of the test must be defined before the test begins.

Generally speaking, the conditions for passage from one cycle to the next are:
- A single trip (threshold) or multiple trips (timing) have occurred;
- A parameter has reached the minimum or maximum value specified;
- The maximum time specified has expired.

The rules of evolution between cycles are:


- The initial values of the various parameters and the enabling of the outputs and inputs remain un-
changed during the various phases unless they are deliberately modified.
- The values reached either by gradient or by step at the moment of tripping are held, unless new
values or a TFIS command in the next cycle modifies them.
- At the end of the cycle there must be either a TFIS command to return to the initial situation, or a
REAS command to return to zero.

The significance of the identification names and their suitability will be explained later.

4.2 Test message


The following are test commands.

The setting of the PRE-FAULT VALUES, name VALI, permits the definition of the conditions
both before and after the test. With this selection one can pass ONLY FIXED PARAMETERS.
The selections of gradients are considered to be errors. The only parameter that can be selected
from the AUXILIARY OUTPUTS is AUX. Only the INPUT SELECTION can be selected from
the TIME MEASUREMENT SELECTION.

This setting is always transmitted before the starting of a test, in order to transmit the parameters
UMAX and IMAX, and also TMAX. The command VALI is given alone. After VALI, the instru-
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 23/55

ment generates no more outputs. In fact, it only generates outputs when it receives messages con-
taining NUCI.

The parameter TOTAL NUMBER OF CYCLES, name NUCI, is numerical only, and indicates
the number of cycles involved in the test. One single test corresponds to the value 1.

The parameter RUNNING CYCLE, name CICO, is numerical only, and separates the parameter
groupings of the different cycles. This parameter is followed by the type of action required in the
cycle, and then by any one of the parameters listed in Table 1.

The command THRESHOLD TEST, name PRSO, comes directly after the parameter CICO, and
defines the fact that the cycle to be executed is a search for a threshold. After this command at
least one gradient of a parameter must necessarily be present.

The command DELAY TEST, name PRRI, is found directly after the parameter CICO, and de-
fines the fact that the cycle to be executed is a delay-time measurement. There should be no gra-
dients after PRRI.

The command GENERATE PRE-FAULT VALUES, name TFIS, permits the values defined by
the most recent VALI command to be generated through the instrument output. Normally this
would be the first operating command, and also the last one at the end of a test. Even when TFIS
is the only command, it is still preceded by NUCI and CICO. The duration of TFIS can be speci-
fied with the parameter TPRE, argument XXXXXX.XXX s (feature available on revision 5.X).

The command RESET INSTRUMENT, code REFI, allows resetting immediately all outputs, at
the end of the test program.

5.3 Immediate actions

These commands are not part of the test message, and are not preceded by NUCI or CICO. They are
used by MAN and RUN programs to control the DRTS during the operation.

The command ASYNCHRONOUS RESET, name REAS, orders the immediate return to zero of
all outputs. The instrument consequently stops all operations in progress at once, without trans-
mitting the partial results of any measurements already performed.

The command ASYNCHRONOUS STOP, name STAS, orders the immediate cessation of all ac-
tivities in progress, with a return to the initial values as established by the most recent VALI.
Consequently, the instrument stops any operations in progress at once, without transmitting the
partial results of any measurements already performed.

The command REPEAT, name REPE, orders a repetition of the last cycle transmitted and the in-
strument finds this information in its buffer memory. This command reduces to a minimum the
time required for repeated tests.

The command MODEL TYPE, name MODE, asks the instrument to transmit data relating to:
- The model;
- The serial number;
- The firmware release number.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 24/55

The command INSTRUMENT STATUS, name STAT, asks the instrument if it is working, or in
standby awaiting commands.

The command RESTART AFTER A FAULT, name REST, orders the instrument to start up
again in spite of the fact that it has signalled the presence of a fault to the PC. With this com-
mand an attempt can be made to restart a test even after an initial fault has been signalled.

The NEW FIRMWARE RELEASE command, name NEWFW, tells the instrument that will be
transmitted a sequence of commands with the new FW release.

The FIRMWARE FRAME NUMBER command, name NEWFRM, transmits to the instrument a
part of the new FW release (2048 bytes).

The UPDATE FIRMWARE RAM > EPROM command, name UPDFRM, commands the in-
strument to update the FLASH EPROM that contains the program. This can be done only when
all the new firmware has been entirely transmitted, using a series of NEWFRM commands.

The NEW WAVE-FORM command, name NEWFDO, tells the instrument that will be transmit-
ted a series of FRMFDO commands, with the binary samples of a recording. The wave-form
code is a parameter of NEWFDO.

The NEW WAVE-FORM FRAME command, name FDOFRM, transmits to the instrument a
digital sample of the wave-form (all the six phases).

The END WAVE-FORM command, name ENDFDO, informs the instrument that the wave-form
transmission has ended.

4.4 Messages at start-up

When the dialogue commences, the first commands transmitted to the instrument are:
- MODE: this informs the PC to which model it is connected, and the options available.
- VALI: with this command the PC initialises the instrument to the default values presented to the
user. This message will include VMAX, IMAX, the angles, and also TMAX.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 25/55

5 RESULTS TRANSMITTED TO THE PC

Table 3 lists the measurements that can be performed by the instrument. These measurements can
be performed by all instrument models. The measurements are divided into four groups:
- Measurement of time delay;
- Measurement of thresholds;
- Trips during the pause;
- Other answers of the instrument.

The PC specifies these measurements by means of corresponding commands. Table 3 also lists oth-
er replies from the instrument to the PC.

5.1 Time measurement

DELAY TIME, codes TRIT1-5 and TRIT 6-8; it is the measurement of trip delays.

TIMEOUT, codes TOUT1-5 and TOUT 6-8; it informs that the corresponding input did not trip
during the programmed maximum time.

For DRTS and ART/100 only:


TIME FOR N IMPULSES, code TRIT(C1-C5): this is the time corresponding to the counting of
N impulses at inputs C1TTL or C5TTL.

NO IMPULSE, code TOUT(C1-C5): it informs that no transition has been detected during the
programmed maximum time.

5.2 Threshold measurement

The parameter TRIPPED CONTACT, code COSO, identifies the switched contact among the se-
lected one (OR logic). The variable may be:
. A numerical field, which corresponds to the tripped contact as per the following code:
.. 1 - 5 = C1 - C5;
.. 10 - 12 = C6 - C8.
. TIMEOUT, code 06, means that no trip had taken place within the maximum time.
. MAX VALUE, code 07, if the maximum value has been exceeded before tripping;
. MIN VALUE, code 08, if the minimum value has been exceeded before tripping.

The parameter VOLTAGE, codes RGU1, RGU2, RGU3, RGU4, correspond to gradients GU1,
GU2, GU3, GU4. Take care as units change among ranges and instruments.

The parameter VOLTAGE ANGLE, codes RGAU11, RGAU12, RGAU13, correspond to gra-
dients GAU11, GAU21, GAU31. Note that the gradient of angle AU4 is not available.

The parameter FREQUENCY, code RGFREQ, corresponds to the gradient GFREQ.

The parameter CURRENT, codes RGI1, RGI2, RGI3, correspond to the current gradients GI1;
GI2; GI3 respectively. Take care as units change among ranges and instruments.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 26/55

The parameter CURRENT ANGLE, codes RGAI21, RGAI31, correspond to the gradients
GAI21, GAI31.

The parameter VOLTAGE-CURRENT ANGLE, code RGAUI1, corresponds to the gradient


GUI1.

The parameter D.C. VOLTAGE, code RGDCC, corresponds to the gradient GUCC.

5.3 Trips during the pause

The parameter TRIPPED INPUT, code COPA, informs of the result of the PAUSE test. During
PAUSE, the instrument checks that the status of the selected inputs does not change during the
pause. Should such a change occur, the instrument will inform the PC, by means of the identify-
ing code COPA 01-08: 111 = C1 and so on.

For DRTS and ART/100 only.


The parameter NUMBER OF IMPULSES DURING T, code SC(C1TTL-C5TTL): is the number
of transitions counted during the pause.

5.4 Other responses of the instrument

At the MODE request for the model, the instrument provides the following information.

The parameter INSTRUMENT MODEL, name MODEL, tells the PC which model and options
are present.

The parameter TYPE OF INSTRUMENT, name STRUM, tells the PC the type of instrument.

The parameter VCC TYPE, TIVC, is 1 if V = 130 V, and 2 if V = 260 V. NOTE: codes for these
answers are listed at the end of table 4.

The parameter FIRMWARE RELEASE, code RELFW, reports the FWH2 release. The field is
XX.XX: first two digits refer to the main revision number; the second two are minor revisions.

The parameter STATIC RAM, code SRAM, is the dimension in kbyte of the static RAM. The
field is XXXX kbyte.

The parameter DYNAMIC RAM, code DRAM, is the dimension in kbyte of the dynamic RAM.
The field is XXXX kbyte.

The parameter FLASH EPROM, code FLASH, is the dimension in kbyte of the FLASH pro-
gram memory. The field is XXXX kbyte.

The parameter NUMBER OF WAIT STATES, code WAITS, is the number of wait states when
accessing the static RAM. Field: X cycles.

The parameter TYPE OF BOOSTER, code BOOST, codes the type of amplifier connected to the
DRTS. Coding is: 0 = no amplifier; 1 = AMI-150; 2 = AMIV-3; 3 = AMI-3.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 27/55

The parameter IO6432 EXPANSION, code IO6432, codes if the IO6432 option is available.
Coding is: 0 = no; 1 = yes.

The parameter MEASURE AVAILABLE, code MISUPRES, codes if the measurement board is
available. Coding is: 0 = not available; 1 = available.

At a request for the status, STAT, the instrument replies with either instrument IN STANDBY or
TEST RUNNING.

The parameter INSTRUMENT IN STANDBY, name IDLE, indicates to the PC that all opera-
tions have been performed, the results have been transmitted, and no errors are pending.

The parameter TEST RUNNING, name PRCS, indicates to the PC that the last action ordered is
still in progress.

During the upgrade of FWH2, the parameter UPDATED FRAME to an enquiry, FRMUPD, tells
the PC the number of the frame being updated in flash eprom.

At any moment, the parameter FAULT, name FAUL, to an enquiry, indicates to the PC that
there is a malfunction in the instrument; the character of the fault can be identified from the code
number. Table 5 lists all possible errors and the corresponding codes.

5.5 Responses with MISU option

The parameter MEASURED VALUE is the measurement of the input. After ENABLE
MEASUREMENT is set, this parameter is available after an ENQ command, until ENABLE
MEASUREMENT is set to zero. This parameter can be transformed in the actual measurement
taking into account the range selection of above table, as per the following formula.

MEASUREMENT = (PARAMETER) * (RANGE) / 32767

5.6 Responses with option IO6432

With option IO6432, there are two more answers for time measurements, one more for threshold
measurements, and one more for pause.

DELAY TIME has the code TRIT(1-112), argument XXXX.XXX s, resolution 1 ms. Unlike all
other parameters, this field has a variable dimension, according to the measured time, so
XXXX.XXX is the maximum length; the answer 470 means 470 ms. The first 16 codes (1-16) are
not used for the moment.

TIMEOUT OF AN ENABLED INPUT in a time delay test has the code TOUT(1-112). The first
16 are not used for the moment.

The parameter TRIPPED CONTACT, code COSO, argument XX or XXX, is modified to accept
the additional trip inputs. As a consequence, the coding is the following:
. 01 - 05 = C1 - C5;
. 10 - 12 = C6 - C8.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 28/55

. TIMEOUT, code 06, means that no trip had taken place within the maximum time.
. MAX VALUE, code 07, if the maximum value has been exceeded before tripping;
. MIN VALUE, code 08, if the minimum value has been exceeded before tripping.
. 20 to 116 = C17 to C96.

TRIPPED INPUT DURING PAUSE has the code COPA (1-5). The first one is not used for the
moment; second one is the first group of trip inputs. This selection applies only if the input is ena-
bled.
Variable range is XXXXX (5 digits), that are the decimal translation of the no trip situation, with
the definition: 1 = No trip. Order is: input 17 = LSB. Therefore, code 00001 means no trip on input
17, and so on. The code 00000 (all tripped) is not transmitted.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 29/55

6 TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION OF RECORDS

6.1 Format of data string

Communications are established between the PC and instrument according to the rule of: PC
MASTER - instrument SLAVE.

The wires used for communication are: (GND); TX; RX; DSR; DTR. The PC checks the DTR of
the instrument in order to confirm that it is present.

The string has the following format:


- It always begins with STX and ends with ETX.
- After STX there is ALWAYS the length of the data of the string itself, which is four characters
(LLLL). This parameter contains all the subsequent characters, including the space, the full-stop
and the comma, but excluding: itself; CRC; STX; ETX.
- The characters are in the ASCII format.
- The characters to be transmitted are in decimal format as shown in Tables 1-3.
- The characters of the string are transmitted with parity EVEN.
- The codes transmitted contain an 3-character identification (III), and a non-uniform length value
field (VAL). There may not be enough room for a separator between III and VAL. The CRC calcu-
lation ignores this. On the other hand the codes are always separated by a ";", which is ignored in
the calculations of the CRC.
- A CRC is added at the end of the string and before the ETX, composed of the last two digits of
the sum of all the numerals, excluding: STX; ETX; CRC and the LENGTH OF THE MESSAGE.
- The sign + and - before the values are counted (+ = 1, - = 0), and added to the CRC.

Example of a string:

STX LLLL;III b VAL;III b VAL; ....;CRC ETX

6.1.1 CRC computation

At the end of the string, before the ETX, is added a CRC to verify that no errors occurred during the
transmission. The CRC considers the fact that all the instructions are numeric codes, transmitted in
ASCII, and this means that the most important part of the message can only be a numeric characters
(0..9), exception made for FRMFDO and NEWFRM.

The CRC is the last two digits of the sum of all the numbers except: STX, ETX, CRC and
MESSAGE LENGHT. The character + does not increment the CRC, while - adds 1.
The computing of the CRC of the instructions FRMFDO and NEWFRM is made excluding from
the sum the binary section of the command (2048+2 bytes in NEWFRM and 16+2 bytes in
FRMFDO).
The last 2 bytes in the binary section of these two commands are a binary CRC, computed as fol-
lows:
- binary sum of the frame transmitted, 2048 or 16 bytes, using a long integer and an integer respec-
tively;
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 30/55

- Exclusive or (XOR) of the sum with 0xFFFFFFFF (long integer) or 0xFFFF (integer). In the first
case (long integer) the CRC bytes are the less significant bytes of the result; in the second case (in-
teger) the CRC is the result.
The first byte transmitted is the high one, then the low one (little endian encoding).

6.2 Transmission protocol

Communication takes place according to the model illustrated on the flow-sheet in Fig. 10.

- The PC, once the top DSR has been recognised, sends a message (for example: request STATUS),
and prepares itself to receive;

- The instrument replies:


.. NACK, if it has not understood
.. ACK, if the message is valid and prepares itself to receive.

- The PC;
.. In the first case, the PC sends ENQ;
.. In the second case, the PC prepares for the next operation.

- In reply to the ENQ of the PC, the instrument may transmit:


.. NACK: the PC transmits ENQ once more;
..Errors found, if any: the PC will process them, and then informs the operator, after some at-
tempts to repeat;
.. OCCUPIED: a test is running;
.. THE RESULTS of a measurement, at the end of a test;
..ACK: if its has received correctly, and has nothing to transmit.

- In reply, the PC transmits ACK, if it has understood, and NACK if it has not understood.

- The instrument, if it has transmitted some data:


.. on an ACK from the PC, cancels them from its memory;
.. on a NACK from the PC, stores them in its memory;
.. on an ENQ from the PC, transmits the last message once again;
.. on any other message from the PC, such as a string of data, transmits the last message once
again. This last situation means that the instrument has not received the last string properly, and is
signalling the irregularity to the PC. The PC replies NACK, and then ENQ, in order to request the
data.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 31/55

TRANSMITS:

PC ENQ (A) (1) (1) (1)


(C)

UTS NACK ACK RUNNING DATA ERRORS


(F)

PC ACK NACK

UTS RESET RESULTS REPEATS LAST MESSAGE N


TIMES; THEN ERROR
(F)

(1)

PC STX-DATA-ETX STOP REPEAT REST VALUES STATUS

UTS ACK NACK ACK NACK ACK NACK ACK NACK ACK NACK
(F) (F) (F) (F) (F)

PC ENQ ENQ ENQ ENQ ENQ


(C) (C) (C) (C) (C)

Fig. 10: Data flow between PC and instrument

6.3 Transmission of commands form the PC to the instrument

The format of the message of command transmitted from the PC to the instrument differs according
to whether it is commanding a test or requesting an immediate action.

6.3.1 Test message

The test message has the following format:


- STX;
- Length of the data;
- Total number of cycles;
.. Number of cycles running CICO (NUCI > 1);
.. Type of test (threshold or delay);
.. Names of the parameters involved and their values
.. CRC;
.. ETX.

In the gradient tests, and for the same parameter, the PC transmits in the following order:
- The first value, corresponding to the initial value to be given to the parameter. The gradient will
start to vary it, beginning with the initial value.
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 32/55

- The gradient, with its value and sign. If the maximum value, the zero, or the maximum time are
reached, the instruments pass on to the next cycle: the result is signalled.

The time measurement inputs are managed as follows:


- The reference contacts are enabled during the first program test, or directly in the test message, or
when the initial values are generated.
- The selected inputs remain enabled for all the program tests, until such time as additional inputs
are enabled during a test.
- The lack of an input in a message disables it automatically.

Referring, for example, to Figs. 3A and 3B, and assuming that parameter 1 is phase R current, and
that parameter 2 is phase R voltage, the messages would be as follows:

Fig. 3A:

STX LLLL; NUCI 04; CICO 01; PRSO; I101; 02000, GI101 +002, I101 05000, U101 25000,
AVIR01 +090, IN_Y01 NA, TMAX01 0010200; CICO 02; TPAU02 0000500; CICO 03; PRSO;
GI103 -002, IN_Y03 NC; CICO 04; TPAU 0000500; TFIS; CRC ETX

Fig. 3B:

STX LLLL; NUCI 04; CICO 01; PRRI; I101 05000, U101 25000, AVIR01 +090, IN_Y1 NA,
RITM01 GLA, TMAX01 0010200; CICO 02; TPAU02 0000500; CICO 03; PRRI; I103 04500,
IN_Y NC, RITM01 GLA; CICO 04; TPAU04 0000500; TFIS; CRC ETX

In Fig. 3A, the test commences (cycle 1) with the generation of voltage at 25V, and a current that
starts at 2A, increasing by 2%/s, with a maximum value of 5A. Input Y is enabled NA; the cycle
lasts for a maximum of 10.2 seconds. In cycle 2, the data are stored for O.5 s, and in cycle 3 the
value reached on IR is reduced by a gradient of -2%/s. In cycle 4 there is a final pause of 0.5 s.

In test 3B, cycle 1 generates a first voltage of 25V and a current of 5A. The time measurement is
enabled from the generation of a fault at input Y, which is NA. The maximum time is 10.2 s. In cy-
cle 2 there is a pause of 0.5 s. In cycle 3 IR is switched back to 4.5 A, the level of input Y becomes
NC, and the delay is measured from the release of the fault. In cycle 4 there is a final pause of 0.5 s.

In both tests it is assumed that the initial values were defined beforehand.

Before transmitting the values, the PC rounds off the parameters as close as possible to the pre-set
values, so that there will be no inconsistencies between the desired values and those actually gener-
ated. Table 6 lists these rounded-off values.

Before transmitting data, the PC checks for consistency between parameters, whereas the instru-
ment accepts the parameters as they come, without carrying out semantic analyses.

6.3.2 Immediate message

Immediate command messages are of four types:

One format for the commands:


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 33/55

. Instrument type and number


. Asynchronous reset
. Asynchronous stop
. Repeat
. Model request
. Instrument status request
. Restart after a fault
. New wave form
. End wave form

For all these commands the format is very easy:

STX LLLL command; CRC ETX

In the command section must be put the code of the instruction (per example for
ASYNCHRONOUS RESET the code is 910)

Pre-setting of initial values:

In this case we have a series of values separated by a ;

STX LLLL; VALI; III VAL; III VAL; ....; CRC ETX

Generation of initial values:

STX LLLL; NUCI 01; CICO 01; TFIS; CRC ETX


(TFIS can also be found in test message)

Wave-form:

In this case the structure is similar to the program update one:

STX LLLL FRMFDO; 18 bytes; CRC ETX

The parameter LLLL, that is the message length, will be equal to 24:
. STX = 1
. Message length = 4
. Blank between message length and FRMFDO command = 1
. FRMFDO command = 3
. ";" = 1
. 18 bytes (see chapter 3.8 for detailed information) =18
. ";" = 1
. CRC of the command =2
. ETX = 1

The CRC is computed as for any other normal instruction; the computing of the CRC is NOT per-
formed on the binary section (18 bytes) of the command.

6.3.3 Program updating


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 34/55

The program updating is one of the immediate instructions; three messages are sent:

- The NEW FIRMWARE command, NEWFW, tells the instrument that will follow a series of
command with the new FW release. The structure is:

STX LLLL NEWFW; CRC ETX

The NEW FRAME command, name NEWFRM, transmits to the instrument a part of the new FW
release (2048 bytes + 2 CRC bytes). To transmit the complete program, the PC must send 256
NEWFRM commands. The structure of the command is:

STX LLLL NEWFRM FFF; 2048 + 2 bytes; CRC ETX (FFF = frame number, from 0 to 255)

LLLL is the message length that will be 2068:


. STX = 1
. Message length = 4
. Blank character between LLLL and NEWFRM =1
. NEWFRM command code = 3
. Blank character between NEWFRM and frame number FFF =1
. FFF frame number =3
. ";" = 1
. 2048 bytes of the new program (taken from a EPG program file) =2048
. Frame binary CRC = 2
. ";" = 1
. Instruction CRC =2
. ETX = 1

The CRC is computed as for any other normal instruction; the computing of the CRC is NOT made
on the binary section (2050 bytes) of the instruction.
Every time this command is sent, the instrument answers with an ACK. In case of NACK (or no an-
swer), the frame transmission is repeated 10 times, then the program restarts from the command
NEWFW.

The UPDATE FW command, name UPDFRM, commands the instrument to update the flash
EPROM that contains the program. The structure is:

STX LLLL; UPDFRM; CRC ETX

7.4 Transmission of results from the instrument to the PC

A message sent in reply from the instrument to the PC is formatted differently according to whether
it is dealing with test results or with other types of response.

In the case of test results, the message is in the following format:


- STX;
- Length of data;
- Total number of cycles NUCI;
.. Number of cycles in progress CICO (NUCI > 1);
.. Results of a test, or of the cycle in progress;
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 35/55

- CRC;
- ETX.

Referring once again to Figs. 3A and 3B, the response of the instrument in these two tests would be
as follows:

Fig. 3A:

STX LLLL; NUCI 04; CICO 01; IFR 04993; CO_THR 01;
CICO 02;
CICO 03; IFR 04673; CO_THR 01;
CICO 04; CRC ETX

Fig. 3B:

STX LLLL; NUCI 04; CICO 01; TRIT1 0000150;


CICO 02; ;
CICO 03; TRIT1 0000300;
CICO 04; CRC ETX

The comments are the same as the transmission of data. After the pauses nothing is transmitted un-
less the inputs have been modified.

For each test or cycle, the instrument transmits the results with a fixed structure, which envisages all
possible variables, and which also transmits spaces for all the irrelevant parameters.

The first message refers to the measurement of delay times. The message starts with the CICO code,
followed by the number of the cycle. The delay times of the various inputs now arrive in order, fol-
lowed by the time-out situations. In each message there is only one relevant datum. If an input has
gone into time-out there can be no delay time on that same input.

The second message refers to the threshold measurement. In this case also the structure is fixed and
the irrelevant data are blank. The structure envisages, in order:
- CICO code and cycle number;
- Switched contact;
- Voltage on the R, S and T phases;
- Voltage angles R-S and R-T;
- Frequency of voltage phase R;
- Currents on the R, S and T phases;
- Current angles R-S and R-T;
- UR-IR angles.
- Direct voltage.

The third message refers to any trips that may have occurred during the pause. The message always
begins with CICO and the cycle number, after which follow the switched contacts, if any.

Messages of reply to immediate commands are formatted as follows:

- Type of instrument and serial number;


STX LLLL; MODEL XXXX; SYSTEM XXXX; RELFW XXXX; CRC ETX
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 36/55

- Status of the instrument;


STX LLLL; IDLE; CRC ETX

or:
STX LLLL; PRCS; CRC ETX

- Other immediate commands (generate initial values; return to initial values; reset end of se-
quence; asynchronous reset; asynchronous stop; repeats):

ACK

- After ENQ, with error:

STX LLLL; FAUL XXXX; CRC ETX

Errors are given maximum priority, and are signalled before any test results, if any. Errors are
communicated one at a time. The PC must therefore continue to send ENQ, until such time as the
instrument replies ACK. In any case, after an error the PC will not proceed until it receives the
command REST.

- After ENQ, updating firmware:

STX LLLL; UPDFRM XXX; CRC ETX


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 37/55

8 TABLE 1: TEST SETUP

PARAMETER NAME CODE OF VARIABLE ROUNDING U.M.


VARIABLE RANGE(SYMBOL)
1) AC VOLTAGE

VOLTAGE RANGE
DRTS UMXR-UMXS-UMXT 001-014-002 1-12.5-125 09-01-03 V
DRTS.3 BASE UMXR-UMXS-UMXT 001-014-002 1-12.5-125 09-01-03 V
DRTS.3 300 V UMXR-UMXS-UMXT 001-014-002 1-12.5 09-01
125-300 03-05 V
UTS UMXR-UMXS-UMXT 001-014-002 1-12.5-62.5 09-01-02-03-04 V
125 - 250
ART/3; UTB UMXR-UMXS-UMXT 001-014-002 12.5-62.5 01-02-03-04 V
125-250
ART/100 UMXR (MODE V) 001-014-002 12.5-62.5 01-02-03-04 V
125-250
ART/100 UMXR (MODE Io) 001-014-002 4 - 0.8 06-07-08-09 A
0.40.2

VOLTAGE OUTPUT
DRTS U1-U2-U3 003-004-005 0-UMX1,2,3 XXX.XXXX V
DRTS.3 U1-U2-U3 003-004-005 0-UMX1,2,3 XXX.XXXX V
U4 032 0-UMX1,2,3 XXX.XXXX V
UTS U1-U2-U3 003-004-005 0-UMX1,2,3 RANGE 1 V: XX.XXX V
OTHER: XXX.XX V
ART/3; UTB U1-U2-U3 003-004-005 0-UMX1,2,3 XXX.XX V
ART/100 (MODE VR) U1 003 0-UMX1 XXX.XXXX V
ART/100 (MODE Io) Io 003 0-IoMX XXX.XXXX A

V SOCKET SELECTION SUST 201 U1,U2,U3 01-02-03 -

VOLTAGE RATE OF CHANGE


ALL GU1-GU2-GU3 011-012-013 0- 100 XXX.X %/s
DRTS.3 ONLY GU4 033 0- 100 XXX.X %/s

VOLTAGE ANGLES
DRTS AU11-AU21-AU31 053-009-010 0 - 360 XXX.XX DEG
UTS; ART/3; UTB AU11-AU21-AU31 053-009-010 0 - 360 XXX.X DEG
ART/100 AU11-AU21 053-009 0 - 360 XXX.XX DEG

VOLT. ANGLE ROC GAU11,GAU21,GAU31 054-017-018 0- 100 XXX.X /s

U1 VOLT. ANGLE ROC GAUA 087 0- 100 XXX.X /s

2) FREQUENCY

OUTPUT FREQUENCY
DRTS FRER 020 0-1999.9999 XXXX.XXXX Hz
UTS FRER 020 1-999.9999 XXX.XXXX Hz
ART/3; UTB FRER 020 25-999.9999 XXX.XXXX Hz
ART/100 FRER 020 25-999.9999 XXXX.XXXX Hz

FREQENCY OR SYNCH. FSYN 040 FR SIN 01: ALL OUTPUTS -


02: ONLY VR
03: ALL VOLTAGES
04: ALL VOLTAGES + I1
05: V4 ONLY
FREQ. RATE OF CHANGE GFREQ 021 0 - 999.999 XXX.XXX Hz/s
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 38/55

PARAMETER NAME CODE OFVARIABLE ROUNDING U.M.


VARIABLE RANGE (SYMBOL)

3) CURRENT

CURRENT RANGE
DRTS IMX1,IMX2,IMX3 026-022-023 .125-2.5-12.5 05-01-02 A
UTS IMX1,IMX2,IMX3 026-022-023 .05-2.5-12.5 05-01-02 A
25 5003 04
ART/3; UTB IMX1,IMX2,IMX3 026-022-023 2.5-12.5 01-02 A
25 5003 - 04
ART/100 IMX1 (MODE I) 026 1-2-10-50 05-01-02-04 A
ART/100 IMX1 (MODE Vo) 026 125-62.5 03-02 A
12.52.5 01-09

CURRENT OUTPUT
DRTS I1-I2-I3 024-025-027 0-IMX XXX.XXXX A
UTS I1-I2-I3 024-025-027 0-IMX RANGE .05: XX.XXX mA
OTHERS: XX.XXX A
ART/3; UTB I1-I2-I3 024-025-027 0-IMX XX.XXX A
ART/100 (MODE I) I1 024 0-IMX XXX.XXXX A
ART/100 (MODE Vo) Vo 024 0-VoMX XXX.XXXX V

CURRENT RATE OF CH. GI1-GI2-GI3 034-038-035 0- 100 XXX.X %/s

CURRENT ANGLES
DRTS AI21-AI31 041-0420- 360XXX.XX DEG
UTS; ART/3; UTB AI21-AI31 041-042 0 - 360 XXX.X
DEG
ART/100 AI21 041 0 - 360 XXX.XX DEG

CURR. ANGLES ROC GAI21,GAI31 039-0280- 100XXX.X /s

I SOCKET SELECTION MUSI 030 I1,I2,I3 01-02-03 -


IRS,IST,ITR 04-05-06 -

4) VOLTAGE AND CURRENT

VOLTAGE-CURR. ANGLE
DRTS; ART/100 AUI1 044 0 - 360 XXX.XX DEG
OTHERS AUI1 044 0 - 360 XXX.X DEG

V-I ANGLE ROC GAUI1 061 0- 100 XXX.X /s

I1 ANGLE ROC GAIA 088 0- 100 XXX.X /s

POINT ON WAVE POINTW 060 0 - 360 XXX DEG

ABSOLUTE ANGLES SAAS 055 0-1 1=SET -

OUTPUT WAVEFORM OWAV 043 01-14 XX -


(SEE TABLE)

MODE 6I OR 6V 6IV 015 0=NORM; 1=6I; 2=6V -

ART/100 MODE ART/100 019 1=V,I; 2=V,Vo; 3=I,Io; 4=Vo,Io -


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 39/55

PARAMETER NAME CODE OFVARIABLE ROUNDING U.M.


VARIABLE RANGE (SYMBOL)

5) D.C. VOLTAGE

D.C. VOLTAGE OUTPUT


DRTS UUCC 046 0 130XXX.X Vdc
UTS UUCC 046 0 260XXX.X Vdc
ART/3 UUCC 046 0 260XXX.X Vdc
UTB UUCC 046 0130 OR 260 XXX.X Vdc
ART/100 UUCC 046 0 260XXX.X Vdc

D.C. VOLTAGE ROC GUCC 045 0 - 100 XXX.X %/s

6) AUXILIARY OUPUTS

AUX. OUTPUTS A1,A2 AUX1-AUX2 047-048 NO - NC 01-02 -


TIM_A1-TIM_A2 051-052 0-9999 XXXX.XX s

AUX. OUTPUTS A3,A4 AUX3-AUX4 206-207 NO - NC 03-04 -


(DRTS; ART/100 ONLY) TIM_A3-TIM_A4 208-209 0-9999 XXXX.XX s

7) TIME MEASUREMENT

MAXIMUM CYCLE TIME


DRTS; ART/100 TMAX 058 0-999999.999 XXXXXX.XXX s
OTHERS TMAX 058 0-9999.999 XXXXXX.XXX s

PAUSE
DRTS; ART/100 TPAU 059 0999999.999 XXXXXX.XXX s
OTHERS TPAU 059 09999.999 XXXX.XXX s

PRE-FAULT DURATION
ALL INSTRUMENTS TPRE 036 0999999.999 XXXXXX.XXX s

INPUT SELECTION IN_(1-5) 062-066 NO-NA-NC 01-02-03 -


IN_(6-8) 183-185NO-NA-NC 01-02-03 -
TIME MEAS. STOP STOP(1-5) 068-072SC-RI 01-02 -
STOP(6-8) 186-188SC-RI 01-02 -
TIMER START RIMT 067 GLA 01 -
C1-5 S 03-07 -
C1-5 R 08-12 -
C6-8 S 13-15 -
C6-8 R 16-18 -
THE FOLLOWING APPLIES ONLY TO DRTS AND ART/100
TRIP INPUTS LEVEL LIVING 1-4 970 8 SELECT. 0 7 -
LIVING 5-8 971 8 SELECT. 0 7 -
DEBOUNCER SELECTION SETDEB C1-4 972 0 - XXXX XXXX us
SETDEB C5-8 973 0 - XXXX XXXX us

COUNT INPUTS 1, 5 C1TTL; C5TTL 189-190NO-NA-NC 01-02-03 -


NUMBER OF IMPULSES ARC1-C5TTL 191-192NUMBER IMP. XXXXXXX -

8 0 POWER MODEL (DRTS AND ART/100 ONLY)

VOLTAGE RATIO SET KTV 974 XXXXXX XXXXXX -


CURRENT RATIO SET KTA 975 XXXXXX XXXXXX -
CURRENT RANGE SET FS-I 976 0=7.26;1=.726 X -
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 40/55

PARAMETER NAME CODE OFVARIABLE ROUNDING U.M.


VARIABLE RANGE (SYMBOL)

9 MEASUREMENT(DRTS AND ART/100 ONLY)

ENABLE MEASUREMENT ENMISU 200 0=DISABLE X -


1 TO 8: SEE TABLE

CODE ACTION RANGE CODE ACTION RANGE


0 Measurement disabled - 5 D.C. voltage on input 250 V 250 V
1 A.C. voltage on input 250 V 250 V 6 D.C. voltage on input 10 V 10 V
2 A.C. voltage on input 10 V 10 V 7 D.C. current on input 20 A 50 A
3 A.C. current on input 20 A 50 A 8 D.C. current on input 20 mA 25 mA
4 A.C. current on input 20 mA 25 mA

10) IO6432 EXPANSION OPTION

A) DIGITAL OUTPUTS

LEVEL OF OUTPUTS
1 TO 16 LEV(1-16) 220
17 TO 32 LEV(17-32) 221
33 TO 48 LEV(33-48) 222
49 TO 64 LEV(49-64) 223

TIMING 1 TO 64 TIM(01-64) 230 TO 293

B) DIGITAL INPUTS

ENABLE INPUTS
1 TO 16 ABI(1-16) 300
17 TO 32 ABI(17-32) 301
33 TO 48 ABI(33-48) 302
49 TO 64 ABI(49-64) 303
65 TO 80 ABI(65-80) 304
81 TO 96 ABI(81-96) 305
97 TO 112 ABI(97-112) 306

LEVEL OF INPUTS
1 TO 16 SIN(1-16) 310
17 TO 32 SIN(17-32) 311
33 TO 48 SIN(33-48) 312
49 TO 64 SIN(49-64) 313
65 TO 80 SIN(65-80) 314
81 TO 96 SIN(81-96) 315
97 TO 112 SIN(97-112) 316

TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS


1 TO 16 ASC(1-16) 320
17 TO 32 ASC(17-32) 321
33 TO 48 ASC(33-48) 322
49 TO 64 ASC(49-64) 323
65 TO 80 ASC(65-80) 324
81 TO 96 ASC(81-96) 325
97 TO 112 ASC(97-112) 326

TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE


1 TO 16 ARI(1-16) 330
17 TO 32 ARI(17-32) 331
33 TO 48 ARI(33-48) 332
49 TO 64 ARI(49-64) 333
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 41/55

65 TO 80 ARI(65-80) 334
81 TO 96 ARI(81-96) 335
97 TO 112 ARI(97-112) 336
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 42/55

PARAMETER NAME CODE OFVARIABLE ROUNDING U.M.


VARIABLE RANGE (SYMBOL)

TIME STOP SELECTION


1 TO 16 ARR(1-16) 340
17 TO 32 ARR(17-32) 341
33 TO 48 ARR(33-48) 342
49 TO 64 ARR(49-64) 343
65 TO 80 ARR(65-80) 344
81 TO 96 ARR(81-96) 345
97 TO 112 ARR(97-112) 346
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 43/55

9 TABLE 2: OPERATIONAL COMMANDS TO THE INSTRUMENT


PARAMETER NAME VARIAB VARIABLE
CODE RANGE

1) TEST MESSAGGE

PRE-FAULT VALUES VALI 110

TOTAL NO. OF CYCLES NUCI 056 1-19

RUNNING CYCLE CICO 057 1-19

THRESHOLD TEST PRSO 104

DELAY TEST PRRI 105

GENERATE PRE-F. VALUES TFIS 103

RESETINSTRUMENT REFI 106

2) IMMEDIATE ACTIONS

ASYNCHRONOUS RESET REAS 910

ASYNCHRONOUS STOP STAS 900

REPEAT REPE 920

MODEL TYPE MODE 930

INSTRUMENT STATUS STAT 940

RESTART AFTER A FAULT REST 950

NEW FIRMWARE RELEASE NEWFW 960

FW FRAME NUMBER NEWFRM 961 000-255 + 2050 bytes

UPDATE FW RAM->EPROM UPDFW 962

NEW WAVE-FORM NEWFDO 006 16-99

NEW WAVE-FORM FRAME FRMFDO 007 18 bytes

END WAVE-FORM ENDFDO 008


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 44/55

10 TABLE 3: RESULTS TRANMITTED TO THE PC


PARAMETER SYMBOL VARIABLE VARIABLE ROUNDING UNIT
CODE RANGE (SYMBOL) MEAS
1) RESULTS OF TIME MEASUREMENT

DELAY TIME
DRTS; ART/100 TRIT1-5 073-077 999999.9999 XXXXXX.XXXX s
TRIT6-8 176-178999999.9999 XXXXXX.XXXX s
OTHERS TRIT1-5 073-077 99999.999 XXXXX.XXX s
TRIT6-8 176-17899999.999 XXXXX.XXX s

TIMEOUT TOUT1-5 078-082- - -TOUT6-8


179-182- - -

DRTS AND ART/100 ONLY


TIME FOR N IMPULSES TRIT(C1-C5) 195-196999999.9999 XXXXXX.XXXX s
NO IMPULSE TOUT(C1-C5) 197-198- - -

2) RESULTS OF THRESHOLD MEASUREMENTS

TRIPPED CONTACT COSO 083 01-05 01-05 -


06-08 09-11
TIMEOUT06
MAX VALUE 07
MIN VALUE 08
09-16 12-19
17-48 20-52
VOLTAGE
DRTS RGU1-RGU2-RGU3 084-086 0 UMAX XXX.XXX V
1 VOLT XX.XXXX V
DRTS.3 RGU1-RGU2-RGU3 084-0860 UMAX XXX.XXX V
RGU4 089 0 UMAX XXX.XXX V
RGU1-RGU2-RGU3 1 VOLT XX.XXXX V
UTS RGU1-RGU2-RGU3 084-086 0 UMAX XXX.XX V
1 VOLT XX.XXX V
ART/3; UTB RGU1-RGU2-RGU3 084-086 0 UMAX XXX.XX V
ART/100 RGU1-RGIo 084-085 0 UMAX XXX.XXX V/A

VOLTAGE ANGLES
DRTS; ART/100 RGAU11-RGAU12-RGAU13 107-090-091 0 - 180.00 XXX.XX DEG
OTHERS RGAU11-RGAU12-RGAU13 107-090-091 0 - 180.0 XXX.X DEG

FREQUENCY RGFREQ 092 0 - 999.9999 XXXX.XXXX Hz


CURRENT
DRTS RGI1-RGI2-RGI3 093-0950 IMAX XX.XXXX A
125 mA XX.XXXX mA
UTS RGI1-RGI2-RGI3 093-0950 IMAX XX.XXX A
50 mA XX.XXX mA
ART/3, UTS RGI1-RGI2-RGI3 093-0950 IMAX XX.XXX A
ART/100 RGI1-RGVo 093-0940 IMAX XX.XXXX A/V

CURRENT ANGLES
DRTS; ART/100 RGAI21-RGAI31 099-1000 - 180 XXX.XX DEG
OTHERS RGAI21-RGAI31 099-1000 - 180 XXX.X DEG
VOLTAGE-CURR. ANGLE
DRTS; ART/100 RGAUI1 101 0 - 180 XXX.XX DEG
OTHERS RGAUI1 101 0 - 180 XXX.X DEG
D.C. VOLTAGE RGDCC 102 10 240 XXX.X Vdc
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 45/55

PARAMETER SYMBOL VARIABLE VARIABLE ROUNDING UNIT


CODE RANGE (SYMBOL) MEAS

3) TRIPS DURING THE PAUSE

TRIPPED INPUT COPA(01-64) 111-174- - -

DRTS AND ART/100 ONLY


NUMBER OF IMPULSES
DURING T SC_T1, T5 193-194999999999 XXXXXXXXX -

4) OTHER RESPONSES OF THE INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT MODEL MODEL 600 0 9999 XXXX -


TYPE OF INSTRUMENT STRUM 602 000002 XXXXXX -
VCC TYPE TIVC 604 1=130; 2=260 X -
FIRMWARE RELEASE RELFW 605 0 9999 XXXX -
STATIC RAM SRAM 606 0 9999 XXXX kBYTE
DYNAMIC RAM DRAM 607 0 - 9999 XXXX kBYTE
FLASH EPROM FLASH 608 0 - 9999 XXXX kBYTE
NUMBER OF WAITS WAITS 609 0-X X -
TYPE OF BOOSTER BOOST 610 0=NO X -
1=AMI150
2=AMIV-3
3=AMI-3
4=AMIV-3 OPT 300 V
TYPE OF DRTS.3 VDRTS3 611 0 = DRTS X -
1 = DRTS.3 STD
2 = DRTS.3 OPT 300
MEASURE AVAILABLE MISUPRES 612 0=NO; 1=YES X -
EXPANSION IO6432 EXPIO 613 0=NO; X -
1= 1 BOARD;
2= 2 BOARDS;
3= 3 BOARDS
MEASURED VALUE RESMISU 108 0 32767 XXXXX V(A)

INSTRUMENT IN STDBY IDLE 603 - - -


TEST RUNNING PRCS 601 - - -

UPDATED FRAME FRMUPD 690 0 - 256 XXX -


FAULT FAUL 700 0 - 9999 XXXX -

IO6432 OPTION

TRIP TIME TRIT(1-112) 350 TO 461

TIMEOUT TOUT(1-112) 470 TO 581


DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 46/55

TABLE 4: SUMMARY OF FWH2 PARAMETER CODES

CODE NAME PARAMETER

001 UMXR V1 RANGE


01=12.5V; 02=62.5V; 03=125V; 04=250V; 05=300V; 09=1V
(ART/100, Vo: 09 = 2.5 V)
002 UMXT V3 RANGE
01=12.5V; 02=62.5V; 03=125V; 04=250V; 05=300V; 09=1V
(ART/100, Vo: 09 = 2.5 V)
003 U1 V1 OUTPUT
004 U2 V2 OUTPUT
005 U3 V3 OUTPUT
006 NEWFD WAVE-FORM CODE NUMBER
007 FRMFD SAMPLE NUMBER, TIMING, PHASE VALUES
008 ENDFD END TRANSMISSION
009 AU21 V21 VOLTAGES ANGLE
010 AU31 V31 VOLTAGES ANGLE
011 GU1 V1 VOLTAGE GRADIENT
012 GU2 V2 VOLTAGE GRADIENT
013 GU3 V3 VOLTAGE GRADIENT
014 UMXS V2 RANGE
01=12.5V; 02=62.5V; 03=125V; 04=250V; 05=300V; 09=1V
(ART/100, Vo: 09 = 2.5 V)
015 6IV 6I OR 6V MODE (0=NORMAL; 1=6I; 2=6V)
016
017 GAU21 V21 VOLTAGES ANGLE GRADIENT
018 GAU31 V31 VOLTAGES ANGLE GRADIENT
019 ART100 1=V,I; 2=V,Vo; 3=I,Io; 4=Vo, Io
020 FOUT OUTPUT FREQUENCY
021 GFREQ FREQUENCY GRADIENT
022 IMX2 I2 RANGE
023 IMX3 I3 RANGE
024 I1 I1 OUTPUT
025 I2 I2 OUTPUT
026 IMX1 I1 RANGE
027 I3 I3 OUTPUT
028 GAI31 I31 CURRENT ANGLE GRADIENT
029 FNOM NOMINAL FREQUENCY
030 OUTC CURRENT OUTPUT SOCKETS
031 AU4 U4 ANGLE
032 U4 V4 VOLTAGE OUTPUT
033 GU4 V4 VOLTAGE GRADIENT
034 GI1 I1 CURRENT GRADIENT
035 GI3 I3 CURRENT GRADIENT
036 THEAL DURATION OF HEALTHY PARAMETERS
037
038 GI2 I2 CURRENT GRADIENT
039 GAI21 I21 CURRENT ANGLE GRADIENT
040 FSYN FREQUENCY OR SYNCRONISM RELAY:
1=ALL; 2=V1; 3= VOLTAGES; 4= V + I1; 5= V4; 6= V4+V1
041 AI21 I21 CURRENT ANGLE
042 AI31 I31 CURRENT ANGLE
043 OWAV OUTPUT WAVEFORM
044 AUI1 VOLTAGE TO CURRENT ANGLE
045 GUCC UCC GRADIENT
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 47/55

CODE NAME PARAMETER

046 UUCC UCC VOLTAGE REGULATION


047 AUX1 A1 AUXILIARY OUTPUT
048 AUX2 A2 AUXILIARY OUTPUT
049
050
051 TIM_A1 A1 TIMING
052 TIM_A2 A2 TIMING
053 AU11 URR' VOLTAGES ANGLE
054 GAU11 URR' ANGLE GRADIENT
055 SAAS SET ABSOLUTE ANGLES (0= NO ACTION; 1=ABSOLUTE)
056 NUCI TOTAL NUMBER OF CYCLES
057 CICO TEST RUNNING
058 TMAX MAXIMUM TEST TIME
059 TPAU PAUSE
060 POINTW POINT ON WAVE
061 GAUI1 U-I ANGLE GRADIENT
062-066 IN_(1-5) INPUT SELECTION C1-C5
067 RIMT TIME MEASUREMENT START REFERENCE
068-072 STOP(1-5) TIME MEASUREMENT STOP C1-C5
073-077 TRIT1-5 DELAY TIME C1-5
078-082 TOUT1-5 TIMEOUT C1-5
083 COSO TRIPPED INPUT
084 RGU1 U1 VOLTAGE THRESHOLD TEST RESULT
085 RGU2 U2 VOLTAGE THRESHOLD TEST RESULT
086 RGU3 U3 VOLTAGE THRESHOLD TEST RESULT
087 GAUA ABSOLUTE GRADIENT OF V1
088 GAIA ABSOLUTE GRADIENT OF I1
089 RGU4 U4 VOLTAGE THESHOLD
090 RGAU12 THRESHOLD V21 VOLTAGE ANGLE
091 RGAU13 THRESHOLD V31 VOLTAGE ANGLE
092 RGFREQ FREQUENCY THRESHOLD
093 RGI1 I1 CURRENT THRESHOLD
094 RGI2 I2 CURRENT THRESHOLD
095 RGI3 I3 CURRENT THRESHOLD
096-098
099 RGAI21 I21 THRESHOLD CURRENTS ANGLE
100 RGAI31 I31 THRESHOLD CURRENTS ANGLE
101 RGAUI1 THRESHOLD CURRENT-VOLTAGE ANGLE
102 RGDCC THRESHOLD D.C. VOLTAGE
103 TFIS APPLY HEALTHY VALUE
104 PRSO THRESHOLD TEST
105 PRRI TIME DELAY TEST
106 REFI END OF SEQUENCE RESET
107 RGAU11 THRESHOLD VRR' VOLTAGE ANGLE
108 RESMISU MEASUREMENT OF OPTIONAL CONVERTER
109
110 VALI HEALTHY VALUES
111-118
119-125 COPA(1-5) TRIPPED INPUT
126-175
176-178 TRIT6-8 TIME DELAY C6-C8
179-182 TOUT6-8 TIMEOUT C6-C8
183-185 IN_(6-8) INPUT SELECTION C6-C8
186-188 STOP(6-8) DELAY TEST STOP C6-C8
189 C1TTL ENABLE INPUT C1TTL
190 C5TTL ENABLE INPUT C5TTL
191 ARRC1TTL NUMBER OF IMPULSES TO BE COUNTED ON C1TTL
192 ARRC5TTL NUMBER OF IMPULSES TO BE COUNTED ON C5TTL
193 SC_C1TTL NUMBER OF IMPULSES DETECTED DURING T ON INPUT C1TTL
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 48/55

CODE NAME PARAMETER

194 SC_C5TTL NUMBER OF IMPULSES DETECTED DURING T ON INPUT C5TTL


195 TRITC1TTL TIME CORRESPONDING TO N IMPULSES ON INPUT C1TTL
196 TRITC5TTL TIME CORRESPONDING TO N IMPULSES ON INPUT C5TTL
197 TOUTC1TTL TIME OUT INPUT C9
198 TOUTC5TTL TIME OUT INPUT C10
199
200 ENMISU ENABLE MEASUREMENT
201 SUST VOLTAGE OUTPUT SOCKETS
202-205
206 AUXA3 LEVEL OF A3 NO-NC
207 AUXA4 LEVEL OF A4 NO-NC
208 TIMA3 TIMING OF A3
209 TIMA3 TIMING OF A4
210-219
220 LEV(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF OUTPUTS 1 TO 16
221 LEV(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF OUTPUTS 17 TO 32
222 LEV(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF OUTPUTS 33 TO 48
223 LEV(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF OUTPUTS 49 TO 64
224-229
230 TO 293 TIM(01-64) IO6432 OPTION: TIMING OF OUTPUTS 1 TO 64
294-299
300 ABI(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 1 TO 16
301 ABI(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 17 TO 32
302 ABI(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 33 TO 48
303 ABI(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 49 TO 64
304 ABI(65-80) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 65 TO 80
305 ABI(81-96) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 81 TO 96
306 ABI(97-112) IO6432 OPTION: ENABLE INPUTS 97 TO 112
307-309
310 SIN(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 1 TO 16
311 SIN(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 17 TO 32
312 SIN(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 33 TO 48
313 SIN(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 49 TO 64
314 SIN(65-80) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 65 TO 80
315 SIN(81-96) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 81 TO 96
316 SIN(97-112) IO6432 OPTION: LEVEL OF INPUTS 97 TO 112
317-319
320 ASC(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 1 TO 16
321 ASC(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 17 TO 32
322 ASC(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 33 TO 48
323 ASC(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 49 TO 64
324 ASC(65-80) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 65 TO 80
325 ASC(81-96) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 81 TO 96
326 ASC(97-112) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM TRIPS 97 TO 112
327-329
330 ARI(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 1 TO 16
331 ARI(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 17 TO 32
332 ARI(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 33 TO 48
333 ARI(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 49 TO 64
334 ARI(65-80) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 65 TO 80
335 ARI(81-96) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 81 TO 96
336 ARI(97-112) IO6432 OPTION: TIME MEASURED FROM RECLOSE 97 TO 112
337-339
340 ARR(1-16) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 1 TO 16
341 ARR(17-32) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 17 TO 32
342 ARR(33-48) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 33 TO 48
343 ARR(49-64) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 49 TO 64
344 ARR(65-80) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 65 TO 80
345 ARR(81-96) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 81 TO 96
346 ARR(97-112) IO6432 OPTION: TIME STOP SELECTION FOR 97 TO 112
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 49/55

CODE NAME PARAMETER

347-349
350 TO 461 TRIT(1-112) IO6432 OPTION: MEASURED TRIP TIME FOR 1 TO 112
462 TO 469
470 TO 581 TOUT(1-112) IO6432 OPTION: TIMEOUT FOR 1 TO 112
582-599
600 MODEL INSTRUMENT MODEL
601 PRCS BUSY
602 STRUM TYPE OF INSTRUMENT
603 IDLE INSTRUMENT IN STAND-BY
604 TIV CTYPE OF D.C. SUPPLY
605 RELFW FIRMWARE RELEASE
606 SRAM STATIC RAM
607 DRAM DYNAMIC RAM
608 FLASH FLASH EPROM
609 WAITS NUMBER OF WAIT STATES
610 BOOST TYPE OF BOOSTER (0=NO; 1=AMI150; 2=AMIV-33; 3 = AMI-33; 4= AMIV-33
OPT 300 V)
611 VDRTS3 OPTION 300 V ON DRTS.3: 0 = DRTS; 1 = DRTS.3 STD; 2 =
DRTS.3 OPT. 300 V; 3 = DRTS.6 STD; 4 = DRTS.6 OPT. 300 V
612 MISUPRES MEASUREMENT BOARD AVAILABLE; 0 = ABSENT; 1 = PRESENT
613 EXPIO I/O EXPANSION I/O (0=N0; 1=ONE; 2=TWO; 3=THREE BOARDS)
614-616
617, 618 RESERVED
619-689
690 FRMUPD NUMBER OF FRAME BEING UPDATED
691-699
700 FAULERROR
701-899
900 STAS IMMEDIATE STOP
901-909
910 REAS IMMEDIATE RESET
911-919
920 REPE REPEAT
921-929
930 MODE MODEL
931-939
940 STAT instrument STATUS
941-949
950 RESTRE START AFTER FAULT
951-959
960 NEWFW NEW FIRMWARE RELEASE
961 NEWFRM NEW FIRMWARE FRAME
962 UPDFW UPDATE FW RAM->EPROM
963-964
965-969 RESERVED
970 LIVINGC1-4 THRESHOLD OF INUTS C1 - C4
971 LIVINGC5-8 THRESHOLD OF INUTS C5 - C8
972 SETDEBC1-4 DEBOUNCER C1 - C4
973 SETDEBC5-8 DEBOUNCER C5 - C8
974 SET KTVVOLTAGE RATIO 0 POWER MODEL
975 SET KTACURRENT RATIO 0 POWER MODEL
976 SET FS-I SELECT CURRENT RANGE 0 POWER MODEL
977-999
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 50/55

MACHINE AND MODEL CODES

MODEL Dip switch Dip switch Dip switch Dip switch HEX Cod Cod Cod
1 = bit 0 2 = bit 1 3 = bit 2 4 = bit 3 600 602 604
UTS.1 - T Vcc 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 0 4 5 2
UTS.1 - MT Vcc 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 8 3 5 2
DRTS.6 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 4 3 8 2
0 (ON) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) D 4 2
ART.3 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 2 4 7 2
ART.100 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) A 1 11 2
DRTS 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 6 4 8 1
DRTS.0 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 6 4 12 2
Download 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) E 4 12 2
DRTS.3 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 1 4 8 2
ART/3A 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 9 4 7 2
UTB.MT no VCC 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 5 3 10
UTB.T no VCC 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) C 4 10
UTB-MT Vcc 130 V 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) F 3 10 1
UTB-MT Vcc 260 V 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 1 (OFF) B 8 10 2
UTB-T Vcc 130 V 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 7 4 10 1
UTB-T Vcc 260 V 1 (OFF) 1 (OFF) 0 (ON) 0 (ON) 3 9 10 2
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 51/55

12 TABLE 5: FAULT CODES

FAULT CODES

1 - PARITY/FRAMING/OVERRUN
2 - NON-BCD CODE, LONGITUDINAL FIELD
3 - NON-BCD CODE, LRC FIELD
4 - NON-BCD CODE, ID PARAMETER FIELD
5 - INCORRECT LRC
6 - ETX PREMATURE
7 - ETX NOT ARRIVED
8 - NON-BCD CODE IN PARAMETER VALUE FIELD
9 - DROP IN DTR DURING TRANSMISSION
10 - FRAME LENGTH MISMATCH ERROR
11 - ID PARAMETER CODE INCORRECT
12 - OVERFLOW BUFFER PARAMETERS
13 -
14 - START VALUES RECEIVED WHILE RUNNING
15 - NEW VALUES RECEIVED WHILE RUNNING
16 - REPEAT RECEIVED WHILE RUNNING
17 -
18 - PARAMETER VALUE OUT OF RANGE

21 - RECEIVE DATA FRAME TIMEOUT


22 - DATA FRAME READ ERROR

37 - SET CALIBRATION SEQUENCE ERROR


40 - NUCI INCORRECT
41 - CICO INCORRECT
42 - TEST START WITHOUT HEALTHY VALUES

44 - TRIP INPUTS NOT PROGRAMMED


45 COUNTING AND TRIP INPUTS ENABLED IN SAME CYCLE
46 COUNTING INPUTS ENABLED IN THRESHOLD TEST

59 - COUNTER-FEED D.C. ON VOLTAGE SUPPLY (DRTS.3)


60 - FAULT IN GENERATOR 12 (UTB)
61 - FAULT IN VOLTAGE RELAY (UTB, ART)
62 - FAULT IN CURRENT RELAY (UTB, ART)
63 - ALI 15 V FAILURE
64 - AMI VOLTAGE POWER FAILURE (UTB)
65 - AMI CURRENT POWER FAILURE (UTB)
66 -
67 - IR OVERLOAD
68 -
69 - IS OVERLOAD
70 -
71 - IT OVERLOAD
72 - AMV TERM FAULT
73 - AMI TERM FAULT
74 -
75 - VR OVERLOAD
76 -
77 - VS OVERLOAD
78 -
79 - VT OVERLOAD
80 - UDC FAULT
81 - TERM 12 FAULT
82 - INTERFACE SUPPLY FAILURE (UTB, ART)
83 - RS232 SUPPLY FAILURE (UTB, ART)
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 52/55

84 - ERROR CONVERTER V1 LOW


85 - ERROR CONVERTER V2 LOW
86 - ERROR CONVERTER V3 LOW
87 - ERROR CONVERTER I1 LOW
88 - ERROR CONVERTER I2 LOW
89 - ERROR CONVERTER I3 LOW
90 - ERROR CONVERTER V1 MID
92 - ERROR CONVERTER V1 HIGH
94 - ERROR CONVERTER V2 MID
96 - ERROR CONVERTER V2 HIGH
98 - ERROR CONVERTER V3 MID
100 - ERROR CONVERTER V3 HIGH
102 - ERROR CONVERTER I1 MID
104 - ERROR CONVERTER I1 HIGH
106 - ERROR CONVERTER I2 MID
108 - ERROR CONVERTER I2 HIGH
110 - ERROR CONVERTER I3 MID
112 - ERROR CONVERTER I3 HIGH

126 - DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON D.C. LOW SUPPLY


127 - DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON D.C. HIGH SUPPLY
128 - DO_REPEAT BEFORE TEST DEFINITION
129 - CYCLE OPERATIVE MODE REDEFINITION
130 - VALI FORMAT STRING INVALID
131 - IMMEDIATE COMMAND FORMAT ERROR
132 - NUCI E CICO DISCORDANCE
133 - SAME CICO VALUE RECEIVED MANY TIMES
134 - INVALID SELECTION CODE
135 - PARAMETER RECEIVED BEFORE NUCI
136 - PARAMETER RICEIVED BEFORE CICO
137 - VOLTAGE RANGE OR AMPLITUDE ERROR
138 - VOLTAGE RANGE OR AMPLITUDE ERROR
139 - VOLTAGES ANGLE ERROR
140 - CURRENTS ANGLE ERROR
141 - ANGLE REFERENCE ERROR
142 - ATTEMPT TO RECORD WHILE OPERATING
143 - WAVE-FORM LOADING ERROR
144 - FIRMWARE LOADING ERROR
145 - ERROR IN FIRMWARE CRC
146 - TEST CYCLE SEQUENCE ERROR
147 - INCOMPATIBLE TEST CYCLE TYPE
148 - INCOMPATIBLE GRADIENT TEST PARAMETERS
149 - INCOPATIBLE INPUTS PROGRAMMING
150 - REQUESTED HARDWARE OPTION IS NOT PRESENT
151 - RESULTS TOO LONG
152 - FLASH EPROM BUILDER NOT VALID
153 - FLASH EPROM MEMORY CODE ERROR
154 - PROTECTED SECTOR FOUND IN FLASH EPROM
155 - FLASH EPROM CLEANING ERROR
156 - FLASH EPROM PROGRAMMING ERROR
157 - OUT OF TIME IN PROGRAM UPDATING
158 - UPDATING PROGRAM DATA ERROR
159 INVALID POINT OF WAVE
160 CYCLE WITH ZERO DURATION
161 ART/100 PROGRAMMING ERROR
162 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 95 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3)
163 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 95 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3)
164 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 113 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
165 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 227 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
166 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 340 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
167 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 454 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
168 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 113 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 53/55

169 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 227 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)


170 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 340 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
171 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 454 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3-300 V)
172 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 95 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3)
173 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 95 V SUPPLY (DRTS.3)
174 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 113 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
175 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 227 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
176 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 340 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
177 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON + 454 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
178 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 113 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
179 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 227 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
180 D.C. VOLTAGE SUPPLY THERMAL ERROR
181 ZERO SEQUENCE THERMAL ERROR
182 V1 VOLTAGE THERMAL ERROR
183 V2 VOLTAGE THERMAL ERROR
184 V3 VOLTAGE THERMAL ERROR
185 - I1 CURRENT THERMAL ERROR
186 I2 CURRENT THERMAL ERROR
187 I3 CURRENT THERMAL ERROR
188 VOLTAGE SUUPLY THERMAL ERROR
189 - + 12 V SUPPLY THERMAL ERROR
190 CURRENT AMPLIFIER SUPPLY THERMAL ERROR
191 I/O EXPANSION ERROR
192 BOOSTER ERROR
193 D.C. SUPPLY OVERLOAD
194 ZERO SEQUENCE OVERLOAD
195 V4 OUTPUT OVERLOAD
196 V4 THERMAL OVERLOAD
197 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 340 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
198 DIAGNOSTIC ERROR ON - 454 V SUPPLY (AMIV.33-300 V)
199 MISMATCH BETWEEN DRTS.3 AND AMIV-33: NOT THE SAME VOLTAGE RANGE

200 - + 5 V AUXILIARY VOLTAGE


201 - + 12 V AUXILIARY VOLTAGE
202 - + 15 V AUXILIARY VOLTAGE
203 - - 15 V AUXILIARY VOLTAGE
204 - + 48 V VOLTAGE AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (UTB, ART)
205 - - 48 V VOLTAGE AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (UTB, ART)
206 - + 30 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (ART)
207 - - 30 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (ART)
208 - + 48 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (ART)
209 - - 48 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (ART)
210 - + 53 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (UTB)
211 - - 53 V CURRENT AMPLIFIERS SUPPLY (UTB)
212 - 230 V A.C. SUPPLY
213 - 245 V D.C. SUPPLY
214 - OVERTEMPERATURE ON MICROPROCESSOR BOARD
215 - OVERCURRENT ON V1 VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
216 - OVERCURRENT ON V2 VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
217 - OVERCURRENT ON V3 VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
218 - OVERVOLTAGE ON I1 CURRENT TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
219 - OVERVOLTAGE ON I2 CURRENT TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
220 - OVERVOLTAGE ON I3 CURRENT TRANSFORMER PRIMARY (ART)
221 - ERROR UNKNOWN FAULT CODE
222 ERROR + 125 V SUPPLY
223 - ERROR + 165 V SUPPLY
224 - ERROR + 200 V SUPPLY
225 - ERROR - 125 V SUPPLY
226 - ERROR - 165 V SUPPLY
227 - ERROR - 200 V SUPPLY
228 COUNTER FEED ON VOLTAGE OUTPUTS
229 BOOSTER LINK ERROR
230 OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V1
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 54/55

231 - OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V2


232 - OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V3
233 - OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I1
234 - OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I2
235 - OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I3
236 THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V1
237 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V2
238 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER V3
239 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I1
240 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I2
241 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER I3
242 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER SUPPLY
243 - THERMAL OVERLOAD ON BOOSTER CURRENT SUPPLY
244 - COUNTER FEED ON BOOSTER VOLTAGE OUTPUTS
245 - + 12 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
246 - - 15 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
247 - + 125 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
248 - + 165 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
249 - + 200 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
250 - - 125 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
251 - - 165 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
252 - - 200 V SUPPLY ERROR ON BOOSTER
253 BOOSTER PROTOCOL ERROR
254 BOOSTER SYSTEM ERROR
255 BOOSTER MAIN FAULT
256 - MEMORY ALLOCATION
257 - I/O DRIVER ERROR
258 - RUNTIME ERROR
259 - PROGRAM ERROR
260 - XILINX A PROGRAMMING ERROR
261 - XILINX B PROGRAMMING ERROR
262 - FLASH EPROM INTEGRITY ERROR
263 - MASS MEMORY ERROR
DOC. MIE11150 REV. 5.43 Page 55/55

APPENDIX 1: NEW PERFORMANCES OF REV. 5.XX

1) With firmware revision 2.XX, on UTS, ART/3 and UTB the Pont on wave and Absolute angles
functions are missing. Besides, the FSIN parameter misses selections All voltages and All voltages
+ I1, and waveform are different.

2) New features added with 5.XX.

2.1 TPRE: pre-fault duration.

2.2 All parameters for the control of IO6432 option.

2.3 Instrument DRTS.3 and the associated control of voltage V4.

2.4 Gradient of absolute angles for V1 and I1 GAUA and GAIA: other codes move all vectors (V1)
or all currents (I1).