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Final Lab

Bonus 2

Justin Drawbert

August 10, 2010

In our Final Lab Bonus Project 2 we are asked to consider the region, A, bounded by the curve

y =

cos(x)

**, 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π, and the x-axis. We are then asked to sketch this region and the solid
**

that is formed when the region is rotated about the horizontal line y = −1 and to ﬁnd the ezact

volume of the solid.

Let’s get started by listing what we know about our shape and with a sketch (and by sketch I

mean gnuplot generated .eps ﬁle, though I did actually sketch this, also) and by listing what we

know about our graph so far. A is our area.

-2

-1.5

-1

-0.5

0

0.5

1

1.5

2

0 π/4 π/2 3π/4 π 5π/4 3π/2 7π/4 2π

A

|cos(x)|

x-axis

Inner Radius = 1 Outer Radius = | cos(x)| + 1

A = π

cos(x)

+ 1

2

−π(1)

2

= π

cos

2

(x) + 2 ·

cos(x)

+1 − 1

= π

cos

2

(x) + 2 ·

cos(x)

Before we go further with this, we should glance at our graph and notice that the area under

cos(x)

**from 0 to 2π is the same as 4 times the area from 0 to π/2. (I actually just noticed that this is
**

given as a hint.) This will come in handy. I’m really not up to speed on the rules of integrating

an absolute value, so noticing this will save from unneeded confusion and also, hopefully prevent a

wrong answer. With that said, let’s get

pinnin’.

1

1

Hah! I used the integral as an ’s’, there, which according to James Stewart, actually has historical merit.

1

Let’s ﬁrst recall Table 64 from the Table of Integrals (page RP-9 in our textbook), then we in-

tegrate. We’ll let V = Volume.

64. cos

2

u du =

1

2

u +

1

4

sin2u +C

V =

2π

0

π

cos

2

(x) + 2 ·

cos(x)

dx

=

π/2

0

4π

cos

2

(x) + 2 cos(x)

dx

= 4π ·

π/2

0

cos

2

(x) + 2 · cos(x)

dx

= 4π ·

¸

1

2

x +

1

4

sin(2x) + 2 · sin(x)

π/2

0

= 4π ·

¸

1

2

·

π

2

+ 0 + 2

− (0 + 0 + 0)

¸

= π

2

+ 8π

So we have our area, let’s give a fancy graph of what our solid should look like. (Note: the numbers

on the y-axis don’t appear correct in the angle of shown, but if viewed from a diﬀerent angle you

can see that they are. The shape only goes as low as y = −2)

I believe the purpose of this lab was to get us comfortable with the area that we were considering

and notice that even when we have to consider a funny thing like those to absolute value sticks, it’s

not so bad. It’s just numbers, which are nothing to be afraid of. Well, unless you owe money to

someone or something.

2

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