43 views

Uploaded by Damon Leong

maths good for health

maths good for health

© All Rights Reserved

- Spring Mass Vibration
- A. A. Panchishkin, E. T. Shavgulidze - Trigonometric Functions (Problem-Solving Approach) - MIR, 1988.pdf
- Algebra II/Trigonometry Regents exam
- Workbook
- Differentiation - Inverse Trigonometric Functions - Questions
- Mathematics P2 Grade 11 Exemplar 2013 Eng Memo
- Physics
- Trignometry Periodicity Values
- 4E5N2009AmPrelimP2 (ANDSS)
- Int2_Mathematics 2008 Paper 2
- 6. Circular Functions
- Paper_5_Nov_2007
- Resonance and Fourier Theory
- Calculator Project
- Basic Commands in Matlab
- Maths Xi Fb Mcqs & Short q
- A Level - Edexcl C2 Check List
- fm12sb_81
- em03-t.pdf
- 2003p2[1]

You are on page 1of 18

FUNCTIONS measure. To define a radian we need to

define the concept of a central angle.

MEASUREMENT OF THE ANGLE A central angle of a circle is an angle whose

vertex is the center of the circle

i) Degree Measurement

degree unit

The angle formed by a complete

counterclockwise revolution has a measure of

360

1

Thus 1 = of a complete revolution

360

By Definition

In the degree system for angle measurement, One radian is the measure of the central angle

of a circle where the sides of the angle

# each degree is divided into 60 parts called intercept an arc equal in length to the radius

minute 1 = 60 of the circle.

# each minute is divided into 60 parts called

second 1 = 60 is an angle of measure 1 radian

decimal form and otherwise. C = 2r

and each arc of length r determines an angle

of one radian and there are 2 r / r = 2

radians in one complete revolution

If 1 = 60 and 1 = 60 then 1 = 3600

Thus:

Example:

12 36

7312 '36" = 73 + +

60 3600

= 73 + 0.2 + 0.01 The two basic relationships between degree

and radian measure are:

= 73.21

= 73 + 12.6'

= 73 + 12'+ 0.6 ( 60")

= 73 + 12'+ 36"

= 7312'36"

SES

83 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

Example:

150 = 150 x radians

180

5

= radians

6

3

2. Change to degrees

4

3 3 180

radian = x = 135

4 4

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

Example:

Basic Trigonometric Functions

1. Suppose that a 20m ladder is placed against a

The standard position of an angle is obtained by building so that its lower end is 5m from the

taking: base of the building, what angle does the ladder

the vertex at the origin make with the ground?

the initial side coincide with the positive

side of the x-axis

time a vertical yardstick (3.0 ft) casts a

shadow of 2.2 ft . How tall is the tree?

SES

84 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

terminology that is commonly used in line of sight

problems. The angles are measured with

reference to a horizontal line

observer, then the angle formed by the

line of sight and the horizontal line is called

an angle of elevation.

If the object being sighted is below the

observer, then the angle formed by the

line of sight and the horizontal line is called

an angle of depression

The table below summarizes the trigonometric

functional values of some special angles

Example:

from point A and B. From point B, the angle of Coterminal angles

elevation to the top of the tree is 35o. From point

A, the angle of elevation to the top of the tree is We consider the figure below

25o. If points A and B are 30 meters apart, find the

height of the tree to the nearest tenth of a meter.

terminal sides (but the amount of rotation is

different)

SES

85 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

Example:

Example:

Example:

Example:

Reference angles

Solution:

The concept of a reference angle can be defined

as follows (a)

Let be any angle in standard position with its sin 171o = sin (180o-171o) = sin 9o = 0.1564

terminal side in one of the quadrants. The

reference angle associated with (we call it ) cos 171o = -cos (180o-171o) = - cos 9o

is acute angle formed by the terminal sides of

and the x-axis. = - 0.9877

(b)

= - 0.5878

= -0.8090

SES

86 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

Coordinates

r 2 = ( x2 + y 2 )

r = x2 + y2

y

tan =

x

y

= tan 1

x

Example:

polar coordinates

CARTESIAN / RECTANGULAR AND POLAR

COORDINATES

in a plane can be represented. These are:

( r , )

where r is the radius from a fixed point and theta

is an angle from a fixed point.

SES

87 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

r = x2 + y2 (-5, -12)

2 2

= ( 3) + ( 4 )

r = x2 + y 2

=5

2 2

4 = ( 5) + (12 )

tan =

3 = 13

4 12

= tan 1 tan =

3 5

= 53.13 or 0.927 rad 12

= tan 1

Polar coordinates: ( 5,53.13 ) or ( 5, 0.927rad ) 5

= 67.38 or 1.176 rad

2. Express in polar coordinates the position (-4, 3) = 180 + 67.38 = 247.38 or

= + 1.176 = 4.318 rad

(13, 4.318rad )

r = x2 + y 2 r = x2 + y2

2 2 2

= ( 4) + ( 3) = ( 2) + 52

=5 = 5.385

3 5

tan = tan =

4 2

3 5

= tan 1 = tan 1

4 2

= 36.87 or 0.644 rad = 68.20 or 1.190 rad

= 180 36.87 = 143.13 = 360 68.20 = 291.80 or

or = 2 1.190 = 5.093 rad

= 0.644 = 2.498 rad

Polar coordinates: ( 5.385, 291.80) or

Polar coordinates: ( 5,143.13 ) or ( 5,2.498rad ) ( 5.385,5.093rad )

SES

88 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

Changing From Polar Into Cartesian 4.2 RIGHT TRIANGLES AND OBLIQUE TRIANGLE

Coordinates

SINE AND COSINE LAWS

From the right angled triangle OPQ

Law Of Sine

b, c the following relationship are true.

x y

cos = and sin =

r r

x = r cos and y = r sin

Example:

Example:

1. Suppose that in triangle ABC, A = 71, C =

40 and a = 19cm. Find c to the nearest tenth

1. Change (4, 32o) into Cartesian coordinates of a cm.

x = r cos = 4cos 32 = 3.39

y = r sin = 4sin 32 = 2.12

Cartesian coordinates: ( 3.39, 2.12 )

coordinates

y = r sin = 4.5sin 5.16 = 4.057

Cartesian coordinates: ( 4.5, 4.057 )

angles to the nearest tenth of a degree and

lengths of sides to the nearest tenth of a unit

SES

89 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

horizontal. At a certain point A on the road, the

angle of elevation of a helicopter hovering in the 1. Use the information given in the figure to find

air is 48o. At this same time, from another point B, the value of c to the nearest tenth of a meter.

150m farther up the road, the angle of elevation

is 55o. Find the distance from point A to the

helicopter

angles to the nearest tenth of a degree and

lengths of sides to the nearest tenth of a unit

EQUATIONS

Law Of Cosine

Trigonometric Identities

In any triangle ABC having sides of length a, b,

Below are the lists of trigonometric identities:

c,the following relationship are true :

SES

90 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

4. Simplify

(1 + tan x ) sin

2 2

x

1) To determine the other functional

= sec 2 x sin 2 x

values from the given values

2) To simplify trigonometric expressions 1

= 2

sin 2 x

3) To verify additional identities cos x

4) To derive other important formulas sin 2 x

5) To aid in solving of trigonometric =

cos 2 x

equations

= tan x

Example:

Trigonometric Equations

1. Verify that sec cot = csc

LHS: ADDITION FORMULAS

sec cot

1 cos sin(A + B ) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B

=

cos sin

cos (A + B ) = cos A cos B sin A sin B

1

=

sin tan A + tan B

tan(A + B ) =

= csc 1 tan A tan B

1

SUBTRACTION FORMULAS

2. Simplify 1 sin 2

1 sin(A B ) = sin A cos B cos A sin B

=

( sin 2

+ cos ) sin

2 2

cos (A B ) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B

1

= tan A tan B

cos 2 tan(A B ) =

1 + tan A tan B

1

=

cos

= sec

HALF-ANGLE FORMULAS

sec x cos x 1 cos

sin =

2 2

1 cos 2 x

= 1 + cos

cos x cos x cos =

2 2

1 cos 2 x

= 1 cos sin

cos x tan = =

2 sin 1 + cos

sin 2 x

=

cos x

sin x sin x

=

1 cos x

= sin x tan x

SES

91 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

DOUBLE-ANGLE FORMULAS 4

2. Find sin 2 if sin = , 1st quadrant

5

sin 2 = 2 sin cos

.......... = 1 2 sin 2

.......... = 2 cos 2 1

2 tan

tan 2 =

1 tan 2

PRODUCT-TO-SUM FORMULAS

1

sin cos = [sin( + ) + sin( )]

2

1

cos sin = [sin( + ) sin( )] 3. Express sin 3 cos 2 as an indicated sum

2

1

cos cos = [cos( + ) + cos( )]

2

SUM-TO-PRODUCT FORMULAS

+

sin + sin = 2 sin cos

2 2

+

sin sin = 2 cos sin

2 2

+

cos + cos = 2 cos cos 4. Express sin 4 sin 2 as an indicated

2 2

difference

Example:

1. Given that

3

sin = , 1st quadrant.

5

7

cos = , 2nd quadrant.

25

SES

92 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

tenth of a meter

3m and a volume of 50 cubic meter. Find the

6. Express the indicated sum sin 3 + sin as an

measure of angle to the nearest tenth of a

indicated product.

degree. The volume of a right circular cone is

1 2

given by: V = r h

3

4.4 TRAINGLE AND SOME PRACTICAL river. Point C is located 350 m from A on the same

APPLICATIONS side of the river as A. In triangle ACB, C = 52o and

1. A diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm long and A = 67o. Find the distance between A and B to the

makes and angle of 27o with a side of the nearest meter.

rectangle. Find the length and the width of the 7. Two people 75m apart are in line with the base

rectangle to the nearest cm. of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of

2. The length of the three sides of an isosceles the tower from one person is 41.2o and from the

triangle are 18cm, 18cm and 12cm. Find the other person is 32.6o. Find the height of the

measure of each of the three angles to the tower.

nearest tenth of the degree.

that is 15m wide. From a second floor window in

building A, it can be determined that the angle of

elevation of the top of the building B is 75o and

the angle of depression of the bottom of building

B if 50o. Find the height to the nearest meter of

building B.

SES

93 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

EXERCISE:

SES

94 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

SES

95 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

SES

96 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

SES

97 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

ANSWER

SES

98 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

SES

99 Engineering Mathematics 1 (AQB 10102)

SES

- Spring Mass VibrationUploaded bysomeguyyabbadabbado
- A. A. Panchishkin, E. T. Shavgulidze - Trigonometric Functions (Problem-Solving Approach) - MIR, 1988.pdfUploaded byJARDEL LEITE
- Algebra II/Trigonometry Regents examUploaded byNewsday
- WorkbookUploaded byCanh Luu
- Differentiation - Inverse Trigonometric Functions - QuestionsUploaded byLee Chu Keong
- Mathematics P2 Grade 11 Exemplar 2013 Eng MemoUploaded bydklink123
- PhysicsUploaded byRakesh Shankar
- Trignometry Periodicity ValuesUploaded byVageesha Shantha Veerabhadra Swamy
- 4E5N2009AmPrelimP2 (ANDSS)Uploaded byJASON_INGHAM
- Int2_Mathematics 2008 Paper 2Uploaded byMaisie Ingram
- 6. Circular FunctionsUploaded byIsuru Hewakoon
- Paper_5_Nov_2007Uploaded byvithi10
- Resonance and Fourier TheoryUploaded byleardpan
- Calculator ProjectUploaded bySugam Dhalla
- Basic Commands in MatlabUploaded byMohammad Saif Al-Wahedi
- Maths Xi Fb Mcqs & Short qUploaded byficpeshawar
- A Level - Edexcl C2 Check ListUploaded byAhmed Nurul
- fm12sb_81Uploaded byHan-jun Yoon
- em03-t.pdfUploaded bydavibrasil123
- 2003p2[1]Uploaded byhappyperson
- sat math reviewer 1Uploaded byapi-371293110
- 1b_TrigPartI 1.5.docUploaded byyanyan
- 07 trig ratioUploaded byapi-301275445
- Math Chap 5 ReviewUploaded bybrainybabe12
- 12_maths_test_paper_ch2_1.pdfUploaded bychankit vashisht
- m4l19.pdfUploaded bysrinadh1602
- Basic Trig IdentitiesUploaded byMwala
- The Law of CosinesUploaded byRose Aquino
- Add Matk 2 Midyear f 52007Uploaded byTrac Marc
- Succesive DifferentiationUploaded byprince Kumar

- BAE Systems Jetstream 31 G-CCPW 10-12Uploaded byDamon Leong
- Meeting of MinutesUploaded byDamon Leong
- Eddy Current Braking SystemUploaded byDamon Leong
- John Strickland Aviation ExpertUploaded byDamon Leong
- Mpu 31231Uploaded byJoycewong
- Chapter 2 - AlgebraUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 1 - Number and ArithmeticsUploaded byDamon Leong
- Sample Policy StatementUploaded byDamon Leong
- Air Compressor OS.docUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 12 - Aircraft de-Icing SystemUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 13 - Rain Protection Control SystemUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 7- Emergency Furnishing Fire ExtinguishersUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 3 - Passenger Compartment EquipmentUploaded byDamon Leong
- Chapter 4 - Aircraft GalleyUploaded byDamon Leong
- Cabin AssignmentUploaded byDamon Leong
- Aircraft Cabin Interior System - AssignmentUploaded byDamon Leong
- 2- Flight Compartment EquipmentsUploaded byDamon Leong
- 1 - Cabin Interior System - IntroductionUploaded byDamon Leong
- hs_125_part_1.pdfUploaded byTarmizy MZaki
- Assignment 4Uploaded byDamon Leong
- hs_125_part_2Uploaded byDamon Leong
- HS-125 R6Uploaded byDamon Leong
- Oxygen Tank Removal Practical 1Uploaded byDamon Leong
- Turbinefuel Metering SystemUploaded byDamon Leong
- CONSUMABLE EQUIPMENT LIST.pdfUploaded byDamon Leong
- Translation.docxUploaded byDamon Leong
- TURBINE FUEL SYSTEM.pptUploaded byDamon Leong
- LetterUploaded byDamon Leong

- fg 3 the 12 basic functions notes answer keyUploaded byapi-291889212
- 5 Analytic ContinuationUploaded bymaurizio.desio4992
- 4_7 INVERSE TRIG FNS.pdfUploaded bymiloradf7751
- Taylor and Laurent SeriesUploaded byhyd arnes
- ant13-8.pdfUploaded bykhitab12
- List of LaTeX Mathematical Symbols - OeisWikiUploaded bymohan
- 5-8 Rational Zero Theorem[1]Uploaded byEnas Basheer
- RootsUploaded bysk3342001
- Complex Analysis -- Picard's TheoremUploaded byscribduser9801
- Generating FunctionsUploaded byjoshmarkov
- wahUploaded bymiaow
- Trigonometric InductionUploaded byKd
- The Cauchy Method of Residues (Vol. 2)Uploaded byMicko84
- Further Pure 2 and 3 for OcrUploaded bymardel11
- ttUploaded byAdrian Camacho
- taylor and maclaurin seriesUploaded byapi-243574449
- List of trigonometric identities.pdfUploaded byHizreta Zulić-Bijedic
- classnote-4fd9c6e647276Uploaded bySJAIN12
- MF9 Formula Sheet_list of formulasUploaded byBrendon Nyabinde
- Differential EquationsUploaded byperu1975
- Explain How to Perform Long Division of PolynomialsUploaded byluiz Maniebo
- METODIONLINE_08FEB2017Uploaded bySimone Libralon
- BINOMIAL SeriesUploaded byBench Amin
- Power SeriesUploaded byJohn Mark Tiang
- Laplace transformUploaded byiamheretohelp
- Plane TrigonometryUploaded byEirojram Marjorie
- notes.pdfUploaded bysbfjbsjkbf
- 0b7fxi84 f Etadzmmdbqvmm4tzqUploaded byharsh patel
- Math Test- complex numbersUploaded bynadia sykes
- The Forgotten Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded byjaviermonroyc