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1. Data

Axial service load on col 1= 500 kN

Axial service load on col 2= 800 kN

Size of column 1 = 350 mm x 350 mm

Size of column 2 = 400 mm x 400 mm

SBC of soil = 200 kN/m2

Space between columns = 5 m c/c

Materials M20 grade concrete

Fe 415 HYSD bars

2. Ultimate stresses

fck = 20 N/mm2

fy = 415 N/mm2

3. Size of footings

Service load on column 1 = 500 kN

Service load on column 2 = 800 kN

Self wt. of footing (10%) = 130 kN

Total load = W = 1430 kN

1430

Footing area required =

200

= 7.15 m2

Let L1 and L2 be the lengths of footings under columns 1 and 2 respectively

and B be the width of footing

Then B(L1 + L2) = 7.15

Assuming B = 1.5 m

L1 + L 2 = 4.77 m

The centroid of loads from centre of column 2 = x = 1.923 m

If x is also the distance of CG of areas from centre of column 2, we have

B x L1 (l+b1/2-L1/2)

x=

B(L1 + L2)

Substituting the values we get,

2

0.5 L1 -5.175 L 12 + 9.1666667

Solving we get,

L1 = 2.269 m

L2 = 2.498 m

Under column 1, adopt footing of size 1.5 m x 2.4 m

Under column 2, adopt footing of size 1.5 m x 2.4 m

Net area of footing provided = 7.2 m2

Upward soil pressure = 180.6 kN/m2 < 200 kN/m2

Factored soil pressure = P u = 270.8 kN/m2

= 0.271 N/mm2

4. Factored moments

Assuming width of strap beam = 500 mm

Cantilever projection of slab beyond beam = 0.5 m

2

Maximum service moment = M = 0.5 p L = 22.57 kNm

Factored moment = M u = 1.5 M = 33.85 kNm

5. Depth of footing

(a) From moment considerations

Mu = 0.138 fck b d2

Therefore,

Mu

Effective depth = d =

0.138 fck b

= 111 mm

IS 456-2000 (b) From shear considerations

clause 22.6.2.1 VU = pu*(cantilever projection - d)

Assuming shear strength of concrete c = 0.28 N/mm2

(for M 20 grade concrete with reinforcement percentage p t = 0.15)

c = VU /bd

d = 246 mm

Hence adopt effective depth = d = 200 mm and overall depth = D = 250

6. Reinforcement in footing

IS 456-2000 Mu = 0.87 fy Ast d (1 - Ast fy / bdfck)

clause G-1.1 Ast = 494 mm2

Hence provide 12 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c

2

Ast = 565 mm

IS 456-2000 But minimum reinforcement = 0.12% of total cross-sectional area

clause 26.5.2.1 Area of distribution bars = 300 mm2

Hence provide 10 mm diameter bars @ 200 mm c/c

2

Ast = 393 mm

Working shear force at a distance of 200 mm from the face of column is

V= 54.17 kN

Factored shear force = V u = 81.25 kN

Nominal shear stress = v = VU/bd = 0.406 N/mm2

IS 456-2000 100 Ast

= 0.283

clause 40.2.1.1 bd

Table 19 Permissible shear stress = k s c = 0.413 N/mm2 > v SAFE

7. Design of strap beam

Load on strap beam = 271 kN/m

The strap beam is analysed for maximum bending moment and shear force with column

forces at 1 and 2 as reactions. Maximum positive working BM occurs at a distance of

1.496 m from column 1 and has a magnitude of

Mmax (positive) = 374 kNm

Factored Mmax (positive) = 561 kNm

Maximum negative BM at 2 = 195 kNm

Factored Mmax (negative) at 2 = 292.5 kNm

Adopt width of strap beam = b = 500 mm

Mu

Effective depth = d =

0.138 fck b

= 638 mm

Depth required from shear consideration will be larger.

Hence adopt effective depth = d = 950 mm and overall depth = D = 1000

IS 456-2000 Mu = 0.87 fy Ast d (1 - Ast fy / bdfck) 5

clause G-1.1 Substituting the values we get,

2

14.984 L1 -342997.5 L1 + 561057692

Solving we get,

The tension reinforcement for max BM is given by

1773 mm2

Hence provide 6 bars of 22 mm diameter

Ast = 2281 mm2

The tension reinforcement for max negative BM is given by

Ast = 887 mm2

Hence provide 3 bars of 22 mm diameter

Ast = 1140 mm2

Maximum working shear force = 405 kN

Factored shear force = V u = 608 kN

Nominal shear stress = v = VU/bd = 1.280 N/mm2

IS 456-2000 100 Ast

= 0.480

clause 40.4 bd

Table 19 Permissible shear stress = k s c = 0.470 N/mm2 > v Provide shear reinf

Balance shear force = V us = 384 kN

Also, Vus = 0.87 fy Asv d / Sv

Adopt 10 mm diameter 4-legged stirrups

Spacing = Sv = 280 mm

=0

SAFE

mm

2

Ast/bd c (N/mm )

< or = 0.15 0.28

0.25 0.36 #VALUE!

0.5 0.48 0.283 0.376

mm

=0

Ast/bd c (N/mm2)

< or = 0.15 0.28

ide shear reinforcement 0.25 0.36 #VALUE!

0.5 0.48 0.48 0.470

0.75 0.56

1 0.62

1.25 0.67

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