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7/03

Table of Contents

5.1 PURPOSE..........................................................................................................................................................1

5.2 SCOPE...............................................................................................................................................................1

H-5

Rev. 7/03

H-5 BOAT LOAD CAPACITY

Based on ABYC's assessment of the existing technology, factory supplied, permanently installed, non-portable

and the problems associated with achieving the goals of appurtenances.

this standard, ABYC recommends compliance with this

standard for all boats, associated equipment, and systems Calculation beam - Widest part of the boat at each station

manufactured and/or installed after July 31, 2003. measured at the static float plane. This distance is in inches

between the outer sides of the hull, excluding rub rails,

5.1 PURPOSE fenders, or other extensions.

This standard is a guide for determining the load capacity Calculation length - The horizontal length from the most

of boats. forward part of the boat below the static float plane to the

vertical midpoint of the transom below the static float

plane.

5.2 SCOPE

Maximum weight capacity - The maximum load in pounds

This standard applies to all boats less than 26 feet in length. that a boat may carry. This load includes persons, portable

fuel tanks, and all gear not part of the boats structure, and,

EXCEPTIONS: if recommended for use with outboard engines, includes

outboard engines, controls, and batteries.

1. Personal watercraft

Persons capacity - The maximum load of persons expressed

2. Canoes and kayaks. (See ABYC H-29, "Canoes in pounds and in number of persons.

and Kayaks.")

Static Float Plane

3. Inflatable boats. (See ABYC H-28,"Inflatable

Boats.") 1. The plane below the most forward point and

through which the maximum displacement of a boat exists

4. Pontoon boats. (See ABYC H-35,"Powering and without water coming aboard, when all openings such as

Load Capacity of Pontoon Boats.") drains, scuppers, centerboard trunks, hull or transom doors

are considered sealed. (See FIGURE 1 .)

5.3 REFERENCED ORGANIZATIONS

2. (Alternative) The float plane as defined above

ABYC - American Boat & Yacht Council, Inc., may be located above or below the sheer as long as it is

3069 Solomons Island Road, Edgewater, MD 21037-1416. equidistant above or below the most forward point and the

Phone: (410) 956-1050. Fax: (410) 956-2737. Web site: stern. (See FIGURE 2 .)

www.abycinc.org.

NOTES: 1. Scuppers, freeing ports, drains, overboard

CFR - Code Of Federal Regulations - Obtain the Code of discharge, and centerboard trunk openings may be

Federal Regulations and other government publications located below the static float plane. (See H-5.5.3 for

from the Superintendent of Documents, United States requirements for engine well openings.)

Government Information, POB 371954, Pittsburgh, PA

15250-7954. Phone: (202) 512-1800. Fax: (202) 512-2250. 2. Ventilation openings may become points of

major leakage.

5.4 DEFINITIONS

5.5 REQUIREMENTS - IN GENERAL

For the purposes of this standard, the following definitions

apply. 5.5.1 Federal Regulations in Title 33 CFR Part 183

Subpart C, Safe Loading, Maximum Weight Capacity and

Boat weight: outboard engine - The boat weight includes Persons Capacity, shall be complied with by all monohull

full permanent fuel tanks, the heaviest production boats less than 20 feet in length, except sailboats, canoes,

tolerances, and all factory supplied, permanently installed, kayaks, and inflatable boats.

non-portable appurtenances.

5.5.2 The builder shall label each boat with a

Boat weight: inboard and sterndrive - The boat weight maximum weight capacity and the persons capacity that the

includes engine, batteries, full fuel system, the heaviest boat is designed for, or is intended to accommodate, in

production tolerances, and factory-supplied, permanently accordance with ABYC S-7, Boat Capacity Labels. Lesser

installed, non-portable appurtenances. values than those determined by this standard may be used

at the builders option.

Boat weight: manual or sail powered boats not

recommended for use with an outboard engine - The boat

weight includes the heaviest production tolerances, and

1

H-5

Rev. 7/03

5.5.3 An opening with its greatest dimension not over 5.6.2.2.4 For boats with a maximum persons capacity less

three inches is permitted below the static float plane in the than 550 pounds, the pounds of persons capacity shall be

engine well for outboard engine control or fuel lines. An confirmed by the following persons capacity test. If

opening in the engine well shall be provided with a boot or necessary, reduce the persons capacity until freeboard

other means to minimize leakage. exists.

5.6 REQUIREMENTS - DETERMINATION OF 5.6.2.2.4.1 Place weight for engine and controls from

CAPACITIES ABYC S-30 Outboard Engine and Related Equipment

Weights Table I on the boat transom so that its center of

5.6.1 Boats are divided into five categories for the gravity is on the boat center line three inches above the top

purpose of determining capacities. of the transom and three inches aft of the transom ( one

inch).

a. Outboard boats over two H.P.,

5.6.2.2.4.2 If applicable, place weight for battery from

b. Inboard and sterndrive, ABYC S-30 Outboard Engine and Related Equipment

Weights Table I on the boat bottom, or accommodation

c. Outboard boats two H.P. or less and manually floor, in normal position and record the distance forward of

propelled boats, the transom to where this weight is located. If a space is

marked or constructed for battery location, the battery

d. Sailboats, and weight shall be placed in that space.

e. Sailboard and specialized boats not covered by 5.6.2.2.4.3 Place weight for portable tanks from ABYC

Title 33 CFR Part 183. S-30 Outboard Engine and Related Equipment Weights

Table I on the boat bottom, or accommodation floor, in

5.6.2 Outboard Boats Over Two H.P. normal position and record the distance forward of the

transom to where this weight is located. If a space is

5.6.2.1 Weight Capacity - the weight capacity of marked or constructed for tank location, that space shall be

outboard boats rated for more than two H.P. is determined used to place the tank weight.

by obtaining the boats cubic capacity below a static float

plane, converting this volume to the weight of water it 5.6.2.2.4.4 Place a test load equal to 60% of the

would displace, subtracting the boat weight, and permitting maximum persons capacity so that its center of gravity is

one pound of weight capacity for each five pounds of located on one side as follows:

remaining displacement. FIGURE 5 provides a calculation

method for determining displacement below the static float Longitudinally - at the midpoint, fore and aft, of the

plane, and from that, the weight capacity. passenger carrying area ( 2 inches).

5.6.2.2 Persons Capacity Vertically - at the height of the seat nearest to the

longitudinal center of gravity (-0 in. + 3 in.), but not above

5.6.2.2.1 The maximum pounds of persons capacity shall the gunwale.

not exceed the maximum allowable weight capacity, less

the total weight from ABYC S-30 Outboard Engine and Transversely - at the average outboard extremity of the

Related Equipment Weights Table I, for the boats passenger carrying area where it intersects with test load

horsepower capacity rating. height ( two inches).

5.6.2.2.2 The number of persons shall not exceed either of 5.6.2.2.4.5 Fill all permanent fuel tanks.

the values determined by the following steps:

5.6.2.2.4.6 Conduct tests on both port and starboard

5.6.2.2.2.1 The number of persons shall not exceed the sides and record the minimum freeboard.

value determined by dividing the quantity of 32, plus the

posted pounds of persons, by 141 and rounding up or down 5.6.2.2.4.7 If the boat is equipped with a flying bridge

to the nearest whole number. or upper deck designed to be occupied by persons, the

persons capacity test shall be conducted on both the upper

5.6.2.2.2.2 If the vessel is capable of speeds greater and lower levels. If the upper deck test results in a lower

than five mph the number of persons shall not exceed the person capacity, and it is not desired to apply that value to

number of designated occupant positions that are intended the entire boat, the access to the upper level shall be

for occupancy when the vessel is underway at speeds labeled with a reduced upper level persons capacity in

greater than five mph. pounds. When a reduced upper level capacity is posted, the

persons capacity test must be conducted with 60% of the

5.6.2.2.3 Boats that are designed for twin engines shall be posted upper level capacity located on one side as required,

provided with a persons capacity based on the weight for plus 60% of the remaining boat persons capacity located on

twin engines. the same side on the lower level.

2

H-5

Rev. 7/03

5.6.3 Inboard and Sterndrive Boats the entire boat, the access to the upper level shall be

labeled with a reduced upper level persons capacity in

5.6.3.1 Weight Capacity - The weight capacity of pounds. When a reduced upper level capacity is posted, the

inboard boats is determined by obtaining the boats cubic persons capacity test must be conducted with 60% of the

capacity below a static float plane, converting this volume posted upper level capacity located on one side as required,

to the weight of water it would displace, subtracting the plus 60% of the remaining boat persons capacity located on

boat weight, and permitting one pound of load capacity for the same side on the lower level.

each seven pounds of remaining displacement. FIGURE 4

provides a calculation method for determining 5.6.4 Outboard Boats Two H.P. or Less, and Manually

displacement below the static float plane and from that the Propelled Boats

weight capacity. Alternately, this displacement may be

determined by actual measurement of water displaced 5.6.4.1 Weight Capacity - The weight capacity of

below the static float plane. outboard boats rated two H.P., or less, and manually

propelled boats, is determined by obtaining the boats cubic

5.6.3.2 Persons Capacity capacity below a static float plane, converting this volume

to the weight of water it would displace, subtracting the

5.6.3.2.1 The number of persons shall not exceed either of weight of the boat, and permitting three pounds of load

the values determined by the following steps: capacity for each ten pounds of remaining displacement.

FIGURE 5 provides a calculation method for determining

5.6.3.2.1.1 The number of persons shall not exceed the outboard boat weight capacity. Alternately, this

value determined by dividing the quantity of 32, plus the displacement may be determined by actual measurement of

posted pounds of persons, by 141 and rounding up or down water displaced below the static float plane.

to the nearest whole number.

5.6.4.2 Persons Capacity - The maximum pounds of

5.6.3.2.1.2 If the vessel is capable of speeds greater persons capacity shall not exceed 90% of the maximum

than five mph the number of persons shall not exceed the allowable weight capacity, less 25 pounds if recommended

number of designated occupant positions that are intended for use with an outboard engine. The number of persons

for occupancy when the vessel is underway at speeds shall not exceed the value determined by dividing the

greater than five mph. quantity of 32, plus the posted pounds of persons, by 141

and rounding up or down to the nearest whole number.

5.6.3.2.2 For boats with a maximum persons capacity less

than 550 pounds, the pounds of persons capacity shall be NOTE: This category of boat does not require

confirmed by the following persons capacity test. If confirmation by a persons capacity test.

necessary, reduce the persons capacity until freeboard

exists. 5.6.5 Sailboats

5.6.3.2.2.1 Fill all permanent fuel tanks. 5.6.5.1 Weight Capacity - The weight capacity of

sailboats without auxiliary power, and with outboard

5.6.3.2.2.2 Place test load equal to 60% of the auxiliary power, shall be determined using the procedures

maximum persons capacity so that its center of gravity is for outboard boats. The weight capacity of sailboats with

located on one side as follows: inboard auxiliary power shall be determined using the

procedures for inboard and sterndrive boats.

Longitudinally - at the midpoint, fore and aft, of the

passenger carrying area ( two inches). 5.6.5.2 Persons Capacity - The maximum pounds of

persons capacity shall not exceed the maximum allowable

Vertically - at the length of the seat nearest to the weight capacity, and, if recommended for use with an

longitudinal center of gravity (-0 in. + 3 in.), but not above outboard engine, less the outboard engine, controls,

the gunwale. portable fuel tanks and battery weights from ABYC S-30

Outboard Engine and Related Equipment Weights Table I

Transversely - at the average outboard extremity of the for the boats horsepower capacity rating. The number of

passenger carrying area where it intersects with test load persons shall not exceed the value determined by dividing

height ( 2 inches). the quantity of 32, plus the posted pounds of persons by

141, and rounding up or down to the nearest whole number.

5.6.3.2.2.3 Conduct tests on both port and starboard

sides, and record the minimum freeboard. NOTE: This category of boat does not require

confirmation by a persons capacity test.

5.6.3.2.3 If the boat is equipped with a flying bridge, or

upper deck designed to be occupied by persons, the persons 5.6.6 Specialized Boats Not Covered by Title 33 CFR

capacity test shall be conducted on both the upper and Part 183.

lower levels. If the upper deck test results in a lower

persons capacity, and it is not desired to apply that value to 5.6.6.1 Weight Capacity - The weight capacity for

specialized boats dependent solely on the buoyancy of the

3

H-5

Rev. 7/03

flotation system is determined using the procedures for shall not exceed the value determined by dividing the

pontoon boats. (See ABYC H-35, Powering and Load quantity of 32, plus the posted pounds of persons by 141

Capacity of Pontoon Boats.) and rounding up or down to the nearest whole number.

5.6.6.2 Persons Capacity - The maximum pounds of NOTE: This category of boat does not require

persons capacity shall not exceed 90% of the maximum confirmation by a persons capacity test.

allowable weight capacity, less 25 pounds if recommended

for use with an outboard engine. The number of persons

4

H-5

Rev. 7/03

CALCULATION CALCULATION

CALCULATION BEAM BEAM

BEAM

EQ EQ EQ EQ EQ

EQ EQ EQ EQEQ EQ EQ EQ EQ EQ

STATIC

FLOAT STATIC

PLANE FLOAT

b c PLANE

a a

b

d c a

d b

e e

f c

d

f e

f

AA

EIGHTH LENGTH FORWARD B

AMIDSHIPS D

TRANSOM

CALCULATION

BEAM CALCULATION

EQ EQ BEAM

EQ

EQ EQ EQ

STATIC EQ EQ EQ EQ

FLOAT

PLANE

a b a

c

d

b c

e d e

f f

A

C

QUARTER LENGTH FORWARD

QUARTER LENGTH AFT

NE-

STATIC FLOA with motor well

T PLANE-witho

ut motor well

EQUAL

VERTICAL MIDPOINT

EQUAL EQUAL

EQUAL

AA

A B D

C

CALCULATION LENGTH

5

H-5

Rev. 7/03

NOTES:

1. Engine Well and Extra Volume - If the static float plane is above the bottom of the boats transom engine cut-out,

the volume in cubic inches within the engine well that is below the static float plane must be subtracted. Volume (cubic

inches) of the integral structure aft of the transom below the static float plane may be added to the cubic capacity.

2. Transverse Sections (AA, A, B, C and D) - These are established at the quarter lengths and at the midpoint of

forward quarter length which, except for the transom, are perpendicular to the static float plane.

3. Vertical Depths (a, b, c, d, e and f) - These are established below the static float plane in each transverse section

at five equidistant intervals between the boat longitudinal centerline and the extreme section width existing below the

static float plane.

4. Measurements -These are taken to the outside of the hull and recorded in inches with decimal equivalents for

fractions.

6

H-5

Rev. 7/03

The figures used in these examples are taken from the boat dimension drawings in FIGURE 4. The letters (a, b, c, d, e, and f)

have been placed under the dimensions taken from FIGURE 4 as a further guide for the user of this standard. All dimensions

should be converted to decimal numbers before insertion in the formula. Table I converts eighths of inches to decimal equivalent.

15

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

7

H-5

Rev. 7/03

Formula: Cubic Capacity of Hull = L (16 AA + 13A = 27B + 27C + 9D) + Note 1

174,600

Cubic Capacity = 177.75 (16 (839.09) + 13 (1516.14) +27 (1756.62) +27 (1692.91) +9 (1321.47)) + - 4641.3

174,600 AA A B C D 1728

FOR OUTBOARD BOATS OVER 2 H.P. MANUALLY PROPELLED

Formula: Capacity = ((Cubic Capacity x 62.4) - Formula: Capacity = ((Cubic Capacity x 62.4) -

(Boat Weight)) x 0.2 (Boat Weight)) x 0.3

Capacity = ((137.9 x 62.4) - 355 ) x 0.2 Capacity = ((_______ x 62.4) - _______) x 0.3

NOTES:

1. If the static float plane is above the boats transom engine cutout, the volume (in cu. in.) within the engine well

which is below the static float plane must be subtracted. Volume (cu. in.) of integral structure aft of the transom below the

static float plane may be added to the cubic capacity.

8

H-5

Rev. 7/03

The figures used in these examples are taken from the boat dimension drawings in FIGURE 4. The letters (a, b, c, d, e, and f)

have been placed under the dimensions taken from FIGURE 4 as a further guide for the user of this standard. All dimensions

should be converted to decimal numbers before insertion in the formula.

Step 1. Compute

15

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

15 a b c d e f

Formula: Cubic Capacity of Hull = L (16AA + 13A + 27B + 27C + 9D) + Note 1

174600

174,600 1728

9

H-5

Rev. 7/03

FIGURE 6 - STERNDRIVE AND INBOARD BOAT WEIGHT CAPACITY WORK SHEET (cont.)

NOTES: Figure 6

1. Volume (cu. in.) of integral structure aft of the transom below the static float plane may be added to the cubic

capacity.

3. Boat weight includes engine, drive, fuel system, fuel and battery weight.

* * * * *

ABYC H-5 first appeared in 1963 and was updated in 1964, 1965, 1973, 1974, 1981, 1983, 1988 and 1996. The 2002 update is

the work of the Hull Performance Project Technical Committee.

* * * * *

ABYC technical board rules provide that all reports, including standards and technical information reports, are advisory only.

Their use is entirely voluntary. They are believed to represent, as of the date of publication, the consensus of knowledgeable

persons, currently active in the field of small craft, on performance objectives that contribute to small boat safety.

The American Boat & Yacht Council assumes no responsibility whatsoever for the use of, or failure to use, standards or

technical information reports promulgated by it, their adaptation to any processes of a user, or any consequences flowing

therefrom.

Prospective users of the standards and technical information reports are responsible for protecting themselves against liability for

infringement of patents.

The American Boat & Yacht Council standards and technical information reports are guides to achieving a specific level of

design or performance, and are not intended to preclude attainment of desired results by other means.

10

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