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IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 1

INJSO2012Anskey
SectionA:MultipleChoiceQuestions

Q.No Option Q.No Option


1 c) 31 c)
2 a) 32 c)
3 b) 33 d)
4 c) 34 b)
5 b) 35 c)
6 a) 36 c)
7 d) 37 b)
8 c) 38 c)
9 a) 39 d)
10 b) 40 c)
11 d) 41 a)
12 b) 42 a)
13 d) 43 a)
14 b) 44 b)
15 a) 45 d)
16 c) 46 c)
17 c) 47 c)
18 d) 48 d)
19 a) 49 d)
20 c) 50 d)
21 b) 51 b)
22 b) 52 b)
23 b) 53 b)
24 d) 54 c)
25 b) 55 c)
26 b) 56 c)
27 c) 57 b)
28 a) 58 a)
29 a) 59 a)
30 c) 60 c)

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch
IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 2

SectionB:LongAnswerQuestions
Ans.61.(a)

i.Calculationofconcentration:(moldm3)
Concentrationofmilkofmagnesia(given)=29ppm=29mgdm3
=0.029gdm3

Concentrationofmilkofmagnesiainmoldm3=0.029/58=0.0005moldm3
UsingN1V1=N2V2,
0.00050.025=N2 0.025
N2=0.0005moldm3(Concentrationofacid)

ii.Mg(OH)2+2HCl>MgCl2+H2O

iii.A=V C=0.0250.0005=1.25 104

Ans.61.(b)APhenolphthalein/base
Bbases/phenolphthalein
Cacid
Duniversalindicator.

Ans.62.(a)Initiallymassofwater=m1g,
Massofice=m2g

m2 m
Then, 1 =20A
0 .8 1
where A is the area of cross - section of cylindrical vessel.

Letmicegoficehasmelted(thisismass....notvolume!)

Then,
m2 mice m1 +m ice =19.5A
0.8 1

Getmice=2A(ingrams)
Notethat:densitiesareing/mL,volumeinmL,areasincm2,heightsincm

Now,(0.8 10A)0.520+2A80=10A1x

Hence,x=24C

P.T.O

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch
IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 3

Ans.62.(b)

m=10kg,u=50ms1,v=10ms1,t=10sec

m v = 1010 = 100 kgms 1

m u = 1050 = 500 kgms 1

Changeinmomentum, p = 500 2 1002 = 1000026 = 2600

p = 100 26

p 100 26
Force ,
F = = = 10 26 N
t 10

m v 100
tan = = = 0 . 2 or = tan 1 0. 2
m u 500

LetanglebetweentheForceandeastdirectionis
So, = 45 tan1 0 . 2

Hence,anglew.r.t.eastis 180 tan1 3/2 inclockwisedirection.

P.T.O

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch
IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 4

Ans.63.ABAxC=BCC.
Wemakeacoupleofobservations.
Observations

(a)C>0

(b)AC<9

Case1:A<C

A<C=>A2<AC<9=>A<3.ThereforeAiseither1or2.

Case1a:A=1

1B1xC=BCCorequivalently1BxC=BC.
AsA=1,B>1andC>1,implyingBC>1andBCC>1.NotethatBCCisdivisibleby10.
Therefore,BC=10y+Cforsomepositiveintegery.
Also,C+y=B.ButthenBC=y(>0)andBC=10(BC)+C,
implyingC=10B/(B+9)=1090/(B+9).
AsCisaninteger,90/(B+9)mustbeaninteger.
Now1<B<=9i.e10<B+9<=18.
Soweneedtofindoutthosedivisorsof90whicharebetween11and18(bothinclusive).

Thereareonlytwosuch,namely,15and18,andthecorrespondingvaluesofBare6(=159),
9(=189).
Sothenumbersare161and191,andthecorrespondingvaluesofCare4and5.

Case1b:A=2

2B2xC=BCC.2C=10y+Cforsomepositiveintegery.Impossible.

Case2:A>C

InthiscaseC2<AC<9,orC<3.
C=1orC=2.
C=1isevidentlyimpossible.
IfC=2thenABAx2=B22.
AsA>C,ithastobe6butthen2A=12>B,absurd.
Nosolutionispossible.

Finalsolution:161x4=644;191x5=955.

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch
IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 5

Ans.64.i.ThedistancebetweentwosuccessivebasesintheDNAis3.4nm
Hence34cmDNAwillhave108bases
Masswillbe660108Da(sinceonebasepairhas2nucleotides)

ii. 108bases.(SincethelengthofDNAandRNAremainssame)

iii.34cm

iv.110108Da.(3nucleotidesaredesignatedasacodonandtheycodeforoneaminoacid.)

Ans.65.
Orangesolidgreenresidue+colourlessgas+H2O(g)
ABC
(NH4)2Cr2O7Cr2O3N2


C+Mgwhitesolidpungentsmellinggas
DE
Mg3N2NH3

E+HCldensewhitefumes
NH4Cl

(NH4)2Cr2O7Cr2O3+N2+4H2O
Mg+N2Mg3N2
Mg3N2+6H2OMg(OH)2+2NH3
NH3+HClNH4Cl

Thus,A=(NH4)2Cr2O7(ammoniumdichromate)/(potassiumdichromate),
B=Cr2O3
C=N2
D=Mg3N2
E=NH3

Ans.66.
i.fo=1cm,fe=5cm,uo=1.5cm

1 1 1 1 1 1
Now,usingtheformula, = weget, =
f o vo uo 1 v o 1 .5

vo=3cm

1 1 1 1 1 1
Also, = or =
f e v e ue 5 25 ue

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch
IndianNationalJuniorScienceOlympiad28/01/2012 6

ue=4.17cm

Thisisthedistancebetweenthefirstimageandtheeyepiece.

ii.Maximumpossibleangularmagnificationis 1 D
f
whereD=25cm.Hencemaximum
possibleangularmagnification=6.

iii.Fromdiagramitisclearthatdistancebetweenthelensesis3.00cm+4.17cm=7.17cm.

Intheabovefiguredistancebetweentheobjectiveandfirstimage,L1I1=3.00cm,distancebetween
theobjectiveandthefirstimage,L2I1=4.17cm,distancebetweentheeyepieceandthefinalimage,
L2I2=25cm.Hencedistancebetweenthetwolenses=L1I1+L2I1=3.00+4.17=7.17cm.
Notedistancesaremeasuredalongprincipalaxis.

Ans.67i.Cladogenesisorbranchingevolution

ii.a)andc)both.

iii.True

iv.a)Behaviouralisolationb)Habitatisolation

Ans.68.Observethat382=1444.Lookatnumbersoftheform(500n+38)2,where
'n'isanonnegativeinteger(i.en=0,1,2,3,...).Thesenumbersalwaysendin444
andthereareinfinitelymanyofthemasthesetofnonnegativeintegersisinfinite.

Forinstance5382=289444,10382=1077444.

HomiBhabhaCentreforScienceEducation
TataInstituteofFundamentalResearch