27 views

Uploaded by maheshbandham

JIB CRANE DESIGN CONVEPTS

- Calculate Design Beam Jib Crane
- Jib Crane Calculation
- Design Concept for Jib Crane
- 16 Brochure
- STR7_0213
- Deflections in Thin Plates
- VOLVO EC210B FX EC210BFX EXCAVATOR Service Repair Manual.pdf
- Parts Manual
- Cb Footing
- Sch of RCC Col_Beams_Footings
- SOM Question Bank 2014-15 FINAL
- Diaphragm Wall CASE Study
- Rc Footing Design
- Zabi 141021065232 Conversion Gate01
- MYME10087-13.pdf
- CE 2302.pdf
- Report
- Mechanics of materials (Ch 3 and 4.pptx
- Gantry Program
- Aryan Coal CW Pump House Channel & Forebay

You are on page 1of 32

MANUAL

I. GENERAL

Figure 1 shows a representation of a typical jib crane. Essentially a jib crane is a boom

mounted to a column with a moveable trolley hoist attached. Jib cranes are used for

lifting and moving objects at individual work stations. The trolley hoist moves along the

length of the boom and the boom swivels allowing the lifted load to be maneuvered

about in a relatively small semi-circular area.

VPC Commentary- VPC software does not currently load or provide design solutions for jib cranes.

Loads must be user applied and solutions manually designed as described in this section.

that we will normally encounter. The

fundamental difference is in the way the

vertical column force will be distributed.

The suspended boom as depicted in Figure

2 is treated as if it delivers 100% of the

vertical load to the column at the top hinge.

The cantilevered boom will distribute the

vertical load equally between the two hinges.

Figure 1

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 1 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

A. General

Jib cranes exert vertical gravity loads and horizontal thrust loads on the supporting

column. See Figures 2 & 3.

Suspended Boom

FV

E Cantilevered Boom

FV

FH

FH

B B P

F

FH FH

A D

P

D

A

Figure 2

Figure 3

Suspended Boom:

FH = [W (LIFTED) + W (BOOM) + W (TROLLEY/HOIST)](A/B)

Cantilevered Boom:

FH = [W (LIFTED) + W (BOOM) + W (TROLLEY/HOIST)](A/B)

Notes:

1. Use hinge forces supplied by crane manufacturer if available.

2. If weight of boom and trolley are unknown apply 15% factor to lifted load.

3. Impact factor (10% for pendant operated, 0% for hand-geared trolleys) is required for

jib crane column and connection strength design. Impact need not be included for

serviceability checks.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 2 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Jib crane loads on frame columns will result in a horizontal thrust at the top and bottom

of the supporting column. This horizontal force will be resisted by the rigid frame action

Thus resulting in horizontal and vertical column reactions as shown in Figure 4.

1 2 3 4

P L2 P P P

Rh

Rv 2

Figure 4

Most often the interior columns at lines 2 and 3 are designed as pinned-pinned end

supports. The horizontal reaction at a pinned interior column at column row i will be:

VPC Commentary - This same horizontal force will be applied to the frame at the top of the column. When

inputting the jib crane forces in VPC software on a frame column it is important to generate the correct

value for the overall eccentric moment as well as the correct column internal shear values. This is

accomplised by applying the individual concentrated loads FV and FH as shown in Figures 2 & 3 and at

the appropriate elevations above the column base.

This will require that the vertical gravity loads FV be located at a distance from the face of the column

equal to the centerline of the hinge dimension D.

The global loads on the building bracing are calculated using equation 2-1. At any given

column line the horizontal force at the top of a given column (i) may be introduced into

the roof bracing system. The total jib force to the roof bracing along a given column line

would then be:

n

P e

FH (total ) i i Eq. (2-2)

i 1 Li

In equation 2-1 it will be important to keep track of the sign convention for ei. Since jib

cranes can swing through an arc of at least 180 degrees, it is possible that some of the

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 3 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

jibs will be counteracting the others as shown in Figure 5. This will be discussed further

in Load Combinations.

3[Pe/L] - 1[Pe/L] = 2[Pe/L]

1 2 3 4

P L P P P

Rh

Rv 2

Figure 5

If all jibs loads and eccentricities shown in Figure 5 are equal then the net effect to the

tension bracing will be only that due to two jibs. The strut loads may be influenced by

the pattern selected. This however should seldom control their design or connections.

Note: Alternatively, a separate bracing system could be provided along the column line

to resist these forces in which case the main building bracing would not have to

participate. However, whenever bracing is introduced along an interior column line the

possibility must be considered that other external loads such as wind or seismic may

follow this load path. The potential effects of this contingency must be considered.

D. Load Combinations

For the global structural analysis of main frames with multiple jib cranes, it is not

necessary to assume that all of the jib cranes will be acting in the most severe possible

combination simultaneously. The frames should be loaded with the NET EFFECT of

ANY TWO jib cranes acting to cause the most critical effect at a given cross section of

the frame and/or the largest column reactions. Figure 6 shows a CB-4 frame. This frame

indicates six locations at which bending moments will be influenced by the jib crane

loading pattern selected.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 4 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

D E

F

A

Figure 6

Assume that there are ten jib cranes attached to the columns of this frame, one on each

of the sidewall columns and two at each interior column (one either side). Figures 7, 8

and 9 show the arrangements of jib cranes with a net of two jibs acting simultaneously

that will cause critical moments at the six locations indicated in figure six. These three

cases will also result in the critical reactions at the sidewall columns.

E

Figure 7

Causes critical moments at B

&E

C D

Figure 8

Causes critical moments at

A, C & D

and

Critical reactions at left column

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 5 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Figure 9

Causes critical moments at

F

and

Critical reactions at right column

The above figures indicate critical loading patterns for moment at six frame locations.

Only the horizontal thrust components of the jib loads were considered. The vertical jib

forces will tend to increase the couple due to the thrust and create downward foundation

loads at the loaded column bases. They will not alter the locations of the critical

moments for the three cases shown. It should be noticed that Figure 9 is representative

of a NET two jib cranes acting in the same direction. The concept of applying only two

jibs does not imply that only two jibs will be active at one time.

independently operated cranes location in the worst case position simultaneously at any

arbitrary point in time. The probability of such a simultaneous occurrence suggests that

not all of the cranes will be acting in the same direction at the same time with maximum

load at maximum extension, even if all cranes are in operation at the same time.

Consider the loading case shown in figure 10 for instance. In this case there are two

more jibs acting than in Figure 9. However, the moments at the six critical locations will

be virtually the same, as will the sidewall column reactions.

Figure 10

This is because the two additional jibs tend to cancel one another resulting in a NET of

two jibs acting in the same direction. (Assuming that they are identical jib cranes and

that the two interior columns are about the same length) There are two main differences

between the effects of the Figures 9 and 10 loadings.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 6 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

1. The axial force in the rafter in bay four will be larger in the Figure 10.

2. Interior columns #3 and #4 will be correctly designed for the in-plane loads from the

jibs in figure 10. Also, the Figure 10 loading will generate the critical horizontal

reactions at these interior columns.

Thus, by substituting the Figure 10 loading for the loading shown in Figure 9 we

accomplish three things with a single load case.

In many cases buildings with jib cranes will also have overhead bridge cranes in them.

When jibs and overhead cranes are in the same building the following combinations

need be considered in addition to the jib crane combinations given above. This applies

the principle prescribed by MBMA Table 2.5 that combinations need only consider any

two cranes acting simultaneously at full load in the same general influence area of the

building.

2. Effects of bridge cranes only as described MBMA combinations for bridge cranes.

3. Effects of any one jib crane plus any one bridge crane (100% vertical effects W/O

impact) oriented to cause the worst load effect on any support column or on the global

analysis of the frame or bracing.

The procedure above regarding frame loading are applicable to longitudinal bracing.

Figure 12 shows a typical column row for a five bay building consisting of six CB-4

frames (fully expandable end frames) with jib cranes at all columns. The loading shown

would be the most critical NET TWO jib loading condition for both the roof rods and the

strut purlins assuming the roof bracing is in bay two only.

Figure 12

Maximum forces in

brace rods and struts

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 7 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

In addition to global structural analysis considerations there are more localized effects

that must be considered. Of all the building performance problems associated with

jib cranes the vast majority are due to oversights in consideration of the local

effects.

Since jib cranes are designed to rotate about their support columns, their effects will

result in forces acting out of the plane of the frames. These actions create minor axis

bending and torsion in the support columns. Consider the jib crane support column of

Figure 13.

x D D x

P P

L

B

Figure 13

If both jib cranes in Figure 13 are identical then under the loading condition shown there

will be zero bending moment in the column. However, if one of the jibs is rotated about

its hinges a minor axis moment will be produced. If both jib cranes are rotated 90

degrees in the same direction the maximum minor axis moment will be produced with

zero torsion on the column as shown in Figure 14.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 8 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

M Y-Y(2)

P P

B

x L

M Y-Y(1)

C

D

dC

Moments M Y-Y

Figure 14

Maximum minor axis moment in MY-Y(1) = 2P(x/L)C

columns with jib crane both sides MY-Y(2) = 2P(x/L)(L B - C)

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 9 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

P

M X-X(2)

X

B

L

M X-X(1)

C

D

dC

Moments M X-X

MX-X(1) = P[ (x + D + dC/2)/L]C

Figure 15 MX-X (2) = P[ (x + D + dC/2)/L](L B C)

shown in Figure 15 it will produce minor axis

bending and torsion in addition to the major

axis bending caused by the other jib crane in

the plane of the frame.

M Y-Y(2)

B MT B

L L

M Y-Y(2)

C

C

Moments M Y-Y

Torsional Moment MT

Torsionally simple supports MY-Y(1) = P(x/L)C

MT = P(x/B)( D + dC/2) MY-Y(2) = P(x/L)(L B - C)

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 10 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

B MT

L

D

C

dC

Torsional Moment MT

Figure 16 Torsionally simple supports

Maximum torsional moment in

columns with jib crane both sides MT = P(x/B)(2D + dC)

directions the net bending moments will be zero M T(1)

A

but a torsional moment will be produced as shown

in Figure 16. The amount of torsion in the column

depends on the torsional support characteristics at

the ends of the column. The top figure shows the B M T(2)

torsional moment distribution for a column with L

torsionally simple supports. If either end of the

column is free to rotate the column will behave

as if both ends are torsionally simple supports. M T(3)

C

If both ends of the column are torsionally rigid the

torsional moments will be distributed as shown in

the lower figure. For this case the moments are

Torsional Moment MT

calculated as follows: Torsionally fixed supports

A, B & C

B

M T (1) M T (3) MT

>( A B C )@

( A C)

M T ( 2) MT

( A B C)

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 11 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Given the discussion above it is clear that jib crane support columns must be designed

for the most critical combination of major and minor axis bending, torsion and axial

compression.

1. I-Shaped columns

I shaped columns (i.e.- open sections) are very poor in resisting torsion loads and have

low torsional stiffness. When I shapes are used, provide tension bracing and stuts at

load points if possible (See Direct Bracing section below). If an I shaped column is

used for torsional support of jib cranes the internal column forces caused by torsion will

take two forms. One of these will be pure torsional shear across the column cross

section or Saint-Venants torsion. The other is a normal flexural stress in the cross

section caused by warping of the cross section. The warping component of the torsion

is effectively equivalent to a minor axis bending moment. Therefore, when minor axis

bending and torsion occur to together the torsion must be converted to an equivalent

minor axis moment and added to the actual minor axis moment. A simple conservative

approach to converting the torsion is to simply apply an equivalent lateral flange force

equal to the torsional moment divided by the center-to-center of flange depth as

demonstrated in Figure 17.

shown in Figure 15 the resulting minor PH = MT/h

axis bending moment to be considered in

design would be as shown in Figure 18.

It will be noticed that the value of PH has

been doubled. This is to account for the

fact that PH acts on each flange. h = d - tf

Therefore, if the full member section MT

properties are to be used in design, the

values of MY must be doubled.

PH = MT/h

Figure 17

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 12 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

MT PH

B B

PH

L L

MT

C C

Torsionally simple supports

MT = P(x/B)( D + dC/2) PH = 2MT/(dC tf)

Figure 18

torsion are superimposed on the actual

MY-Y(2)

minor axis moments caused by the jib

crane thrust. Then the column is evaluated

per AISC chapter H with the critical combination

of major and minor axis bending and axial

B

compression.

L

Sidewall columns and fixed interior columns:

MY-Y(2)

C

For the analysis of out-of-plane

loading the column are assumed pinned at

both ends.

Equivalent Moments MY-Y

MY-Y(1) = PH(B/L)C

MY-Y(2) = PH(B/L)(L B - C)

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 13 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Columns supporting jib cranes must possess sufficient stiffness to prevent excessive

deflection at the end of the jib boom when lifting a load. See the Servicability Section for

the recommended maximum vertical deflection at the end of the jib boom due to lifted

load not exceed L/225 in which L is the total boom span S (see Figure 19). The critical

deflection will normally be due to out-of-plane flexural and torsional loads acting on the

minor axis of the column as described above. This deflection can be calculated as

follows:

out-of-plane thrust (PH) including A '1

torsion as described above. PH

S

'jib

B

L

PH

2. Calculate '1 and '2 as follows:

C

'2

'1

PH 2

> 2 A

A L A C 2 L C A

2 2 2

@

3EI Y L

'2

PH 2

> 2 C

C L C A 2 L C A

2 2 2

@ Figure 19

3EI Y L

2. Tubular columns

When closed sections such as tubes are used as support columns for jib cranes the

design is different. When torsion is applied to a closed section there is no tendency for

warping. Only pure torsional shear stress is produced in the column. Therefore, the

column must be checked for the effects of bi-axial bending and axial compression and

torsional shear + horizontal shear.

Axial compression and bi-axial bending is checked based on AISC chapter H with

bending moments calculated as shown above for I-shaped columns except without the

torsion induced flexure. See Figure 20.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 14 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

RH

V1 A

PH

tw

d V2 B

PH

L

b V1

C

RH

PH = P(x + D + dC/2)/B

(See Figure 15)

in section A, B, or C (in-k)

-Vi = Horizontal shear in segment A, B or C (kips)

Select HSS section to resist above loads and appropriate combinations per AISC

allowable resistance.

The deflection at the end of the jib crane boom when mounted from a tube column is

calculated somewhat differently than for an I-shaped column. There are two

components of deflection.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 15 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

1. Flexural deflection:

'1 and '2 are calculated with the equations given for I-shaped columns using lateral

thrust forces PH with no torsion component.

2. Torsional deflection:

between the upper and lower hinges as follows:

TR = MT(2)(B)/[4JG] (rad) Where: MT(2) = Torsional moment between jib crane hinges (in-k)

B = Distance between jib crane hinges (in)

J = TS polar moment of inertia given in AISC table (in4) *

G = Shear modulus = 11,000 ksi

follows: (Refer to Figures 19 and 21) TR

'T

'jib = (S/B)( '1 + '2 + 'T )

dC/2

B. Column End Connections

D

Columns supporting jib cranes will exert horizontal forces at both base and top of

column. These forces can either act in the plane of the frame or at 90 degrees to the

plane of the frame. In general the reactions at the base of the column will not present a

problem. If the in-plane loads are properly applied to the frames the anchor bolts will be

designed properly by the computer system (unless significant torsion exists). This also

applies to the bolts at the top of the column. The top of the column is of somewhat more

concern however. Out of plane forces applied to the bottom flange of a rafter beam will

create minor axis bending in the flange for which it has not been designed. This will also

result in an additional component of deflection at the end of the jib boom that is not

considered in the preceding analysis. Therefore, we must always brace the rafter at the

top of a jib crane in order to transfer the out-of-plane reaction directly to the roof bracing

via strut purlins. This can be accomplished in several ways including those shown in

Figures 22 and 23.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 16 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

In some cases a more direct and substantial / stiffer brace detail may be called for.

be broken near transfer thrust to purlins

these column lines

RH

Channel designed to

resist out-of-plane thrust

with minimal deflection

(if required)

*

Figure 22

Roof rods should

Preferred solution

*

be broken near

these column lines

must be designed to resist

maximum out-of-plane

reaction RH

Figure 23

RH

*

*

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 17 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Torsional reactions:

As discussed earlier, jib cranes will produce torsion in their supporting columns. The

distribution of torsion along the column length is dependent upon the torsional support

conditions. If at least one end of the column is free to rotate then the column will

behave as if torsionally simply supported on both ends. If both ends have some

degree of torsional restraint then some amount of torsion will be delivered through the

column end connections.

The base of column connection will probably behave as if torsionally rigid. The torsional

rigidity at the top of the column will depend upon the connection detail and the minor

axis stiffness of the rafter inside flange. Consider the details in Figures 22 and 23.

In figure 22 a channel is added to the bottom flange and connected at its ends near

flange braces that will transfer horizontal reaction from the channel to the purlins. If the

purlin spacing is five feet and the column connects at the center of the channel the

moment in the channel due to a torsional reaction would be as shown in Figure 22-A.

(Assuming that the channel acts independent of the rafter flange as a simple beam)

MT

column connection will be:

2M T 2

30 "

T x dx x

5-0

3600 EI 0

MT

MT

Assuming that the channel is an

8-1/2 x .059 CEE the torsional

Figure 22-A

stiffness of this connection will

be:

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 18 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

The detail in Figure 23 will provide much less torsional stiffness to the column end

connection depending on the size of the rafter flange. If we assume that the first flange

braces are 7.5 feet either side of the column, a model similar to the one in figure 22-A is

developed.

column connection will be:

2M T 2

90"

T x dx

32,400 EI 0 15-0

x

MT

Assuming that the flange is

6 x 1/4 the torsional stiffness of MT

this connection will be:

From the above comparison it an be seen that the figure 22 model is roughly six times

as rigid as the model for figure 23. If flange braces were added to the figure 23 model

similar to the figure 22 model the torsional stiffness would become:

KT = 26,100 in-k/rad

Therefore, VP Buildings practice will be to flange brace the closest purlins on either side

of the column.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 19 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

M T(1)

The equations for the torsional moments in the three A

column segments given above are based on two

assumptions.

B M T(2)

1) The ends of the column are torsionally rigid.

L

2) The column has uniform torsional properties

along its length.

M T(3)

If the end condition does not provide perfect C

torsional rigidity (as it never will) the equations

must be modified. The easiest way to do this

is to substitute a modified equivalent length

into the equations in place of the segment length Figure 24

that isnt fixed at the end (usually segment A).

The equivalent length is determined by calculating the length of column that would

produce an equivalent torsional spring constant as the end support detail and adding

this virtual length to the length of segment A. The equivalent length is calculated as

follows:

KT = Torsional spring constant of support detail (in-k/rad) i.e. 52451 for detail 22-A

G = Shear modulus = 11,000 ksi

J = Torsional moment of inertia (in4)

Therefore, the equivalent length of segment for use in the equations is:

Le = 4GJ/ KT + LA and:

B

M T (1) M T ( 3) M T

Le B C

Le C

M T (2) MT

Le B C

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 20 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Example:

Column = TS 10 x 10 x 1/2

Top connection detail is same as in Figure 22 KT = 52451 in-k/rad

Segment lengths: A = B = C = 8 ft.

Applied torsional moments = 300 in-k

Had we not taken into account the stiffness of the top support we would have

calculated:

MT(1) = MT(3) = 100 in-k

MT(2) = 200 in-k

What this means is that for columns that are very stiff torsionally, very little torsional

moment will be transferred to the end connections unless the top of column connection

detail is also made very stiff torsionally. On the other hand, torsionally flexible columns

such as I-shaped columns will transfer more torsion to their connections. The

relationship between torsion and rotation for I-shaped columns is much more complex

than for tubes. However, in general I-shaped sections have very low torsional stiffness.

Therefore, assumption of torsionally rigid supports is probably the closest to correct.

Alternative methods:

there are other alternatives that can be employed.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 21 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

1. Direct bracing

The most effective and efficient way to eliminate minor axis bending and torsion in jib

crane columns is to place braces at the jib hinge locations that are designed to eliminate

the out-of-plane hinge thrust forces. (See Figure 25). This is particularly true of open

sections such as I shapes.

may be eliminated

if a torsional check

is made.

See Sec 1

B T

C T

Bay

R1 = P + R2 R2 = P(L)/Bay

Direct bracing

increases this

column load

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 22 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Stiffeners aligned

with jib hinge

Torsional

brace.

C = F(a + b)/b

F = P(L/B)

Detail should be symmetrical if jibs on both

flanges since strut will be centered on column

Tension member:

Rods or angles

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 23 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

If jib cranes are located on all column lines braces need only be placed in every other

bay. The bracing members must be evaluated to assure that the jib crane boom

deflection will not exceed the specified limit. The calculations are similar to those

described for flexural deflections except the values of '1 and '1 will be based on brace

member strains.

2. Cap channels

In some cases it is possible to reinforce the column flange by welding a cap channel

along its length. An acceptable approach is to simply design the column for 100% the

in-plane effects of the jib crane(s) without the cap channel and then design the cap

channel for 100% of the out-of-plane effects.

The effects of torsion must be properly evaluated (see Figure 26). This evaluation is

somewhat more complicated for tapered columns, therefore VP practice is to make

flanges vertical where jib cranes are involved (See Figure 1).

(PH/h)( h + XCG + D)

tf

D

d P

Figure 26

h = dC + twC - tf - XCG XC

G

Tube columns cannot be substituted for sidewall columns in a rigid frame. However,

due to superior torsional load resistance and stiffness, it may be more practical to place

an auxiliary tube column next to the rigid frame column or between frame lines for the

sole purpose of supporting the jib crane. The tube column will required its own base

connection and a foundation will have to accommodate its reactions and location. The

top connection must resist horizontal thrust reactions in orthogonal directions. The

reactions parallel to frame lines will be applied to the main frame. Perpendicular

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 24 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

reactions must be delivered to the building longitudinal bracing system. Figures 27 and

28 show two possible details for the top connection of an auxiliary tube column.

A A

Tube

column

Figure 27

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 25 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Bracing to main

longitudinal bracing

system

Section A - A

Bracing as

required

Cross beam

designed to take

thrust parallel to

frames

1

2

Tube column

Figure 28

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 26 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Brace to main

building bracing

Support beam

may be

attached to

inside flange

Section 1 Section 2

General

Most jib crane manufacturers furnish bolted hinge connections. Different manufacturers

have different hinge types and bolt configurations. Some manufacturers make a C

hinge with a four or six bolt pattern. Others use eight bolt patterns for heavier jib cranes.

The bolts may range in diameter from 5/8 to 1-1/4 and have a gage g dimension up to

7 inches. Therefore, if the jib will be mounted to an I-shaped column it will be important

to make the flange wide enough to accommodate these bolts.

Check local web crippling/yielding/buckling and local flange bending per AISC. Also,

the reduction in net flange width due to the holes will need to be considered for load

cases causing tension across these sections.

very important to ascertain the hinge geometry for the jib crane(s) to be installed.

Without this information the column cannot be designed correctly. There is an order

clarification form designed to help obtain this information.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 27 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

pitch

pitch

pitch

pitch

Figure 29

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 28 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

their welds are designed to share the

thrust force PH equally. Local flange

bending shall be checked per DM Section

3.9 Plate Yield Line Analysis. PH

Figure 30

g

The preferred stiffener location is between the bolts as shown in Figure 30. This will

result in a single stiffener pair for a four-bolt hinge and two pairs of stiffeners for a six

and eight-bolt hinge. In some cases the bolt pitch may not be sufficient to allow a

stiffener between bolts. When this is the case the stiffeners should be located as shown

in figure 31.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 29 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

31 the required column flange thickness

analysis will vary depending on the bolt

pattern.

Line Analysis for procedure for all

Bolt pattern types.

PH

Figure 31

Notes:

1. Column flange holes are always field drilled and any bearing stiffeners fielded

welded unless the customer specifies otherwise. Note this on the drawings.

2. If channel caps are used the local flange bending check must be based on the

column flange thickness only since the channel is not connected to the stiffeners.

If tube columns are used the jib hinge connections will most likely have to be field

welded. Most jib crane manufacturers furnish field bolted connections. If the hinge

assembly is to be field welded the requirements must be developed by others. Even if

we do not determine the hinge welding requirements, we will have to evaluate the

effects on the tube column walls.

The appropriate place for field welding of hinge brackets to resist horizontal thrust is

across the bottom and top as shown in Figure 32. The maximum force to this weld Tw is

as follows:

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 30 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

Tw = PH/2 + PV(D)/h

PH D Tw

The appropriate place for field welding of hinge

brackets to resist vertical force is down the sides. h

The maximum force to this weld: Vw is PV/2.

PV

width of the hinge bracket bH is

nearly as wide as the tube face.

tH

bH

Tw

tH

w

tT

tT

Figure 32

w + 5 tT bT

Stress in tube wall ft = 0.5 Tw / [tT (w + 5tT)] ksi NOTE: Tube width bT must be at

least equal to bH + 2 w + 2 Ro

Allowable stress = Ft = 0.66FY ksi Where: w = nominal fillet weld size

Ro = Tube outside radius

Criteria # 2: Effective width (tube inside radius + tT)

The out-of-plane stiffness of the tube wall varies across the width of the tube. Near the

orthogonal tube walls the stiffness is very high. Near the center of the tube the stiffness

is reduced. The stiffness at the center of the tube face depends on the width of the tube

and the wall thickness. The outstanding hinge leg spanning laterally across the tube is

stiffer than the tube wall to which it is attached. Therefore, the tensile force in the weld

and the welded hinge will not be uniform across their entire length. There will be higher

stresses near the edges and lower stresses near the center of the tube as depicted in

figure 33.

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 31 of 32

DESIGN

CRANE BUILDINGS JIB CRANES

MANUAL

be be

Figure 33

Therefore, the weld and the outstanding leg of the hinge must be checked for an

effective unit force of:

Feff = T w / be k/in

The shear in the tube wall fVtw due to the out-of-plane force Tw must be checked.

bep = [10/(bT/tT)] bH d bH

with bT/tT d 30.1

1 st

(Ref. Design Guide for Hollow Structural Section Connections 1 Ed. CISC )

8.7 4 (08/31/07) 32 of 32

- Calculate Design Beam Jib CraneUploaded byjafary
- Jib Crane CalculationUploaded bypaiyyapan
- Design Concept for Jib CraneUploaded byvish5610
- 16 BrochureUploaded byFrank John
- STR7_0213Uploaded byStacy Johnson
- Deflections in Thin PlatesUploaded byPrashant Kote
- VOLVO EC210B FX EC210BFX EXCAVATOR Service Repair Manual.pdfUploaded byjfjkkskemmdm
- Parts ManualUploaded bytoppen_76
- Cb FootingUploaded byAbhishek Kumar Singh
- Sch of RCC Col_Beams_FootingsUploaded bySukhwinder Singh Gill
- SOM Question Bank 2014-15 FINALUploaded byRajib Mandal
- Diaphragm Wall CASE StudyUploaded byabdulajeej sallu
- Rc Footing DesignUploaded byAie Bantugan
- Zabi 141021065232 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byEngr Arbab Faisal
- MYME10087-13.pdfUploaded byJorge Yarasca
- CE 2302.pdfUploaded byRanu Games
- ReportUploaded byMohammed Mashkur
- Mechanics of materials (Ch 3 and 4.pptxUploaded byPraveen Kumar R
- Gantry ProgramUploaded byAnonymous HJ7hmihh
- Aryan Coal CW Pump House Channel & ForebayUploaded byJagal Udaya
- Inspection Hiap CraneUploaded byPurwanro
- SOM - English ( 2 & 3 Marks)Uploaded byKal Pathippagam
- C-PracSolutions-Mazzei-Aug121.pdfUploaded bybusta299
- 71143Uploaded byليونيلمسي
- 2-Point Flexure Test KitUploaded byShyamali Liyanage
- 2D framesUploaded byV.m. Rajan
- Title Page and Contents.pdfUploaded bywillowdo
- 45a-Columns Axial Force and Bending.pngUploaded byParthi Ban
- Disp Based Beam ElemUploaded bySç-č Ababii
- COLUMN BEAM JOINT CHECKS.docxUploaded byMat Tam

- 14063.pdfUploaded byDzey Isorena
- Brace_Design.xlsUploaded byRyan Goh Chuang Hong
- General-Connection-in-Steel-Structures(1).pdfUploaded bymutton moonswami
- the-chevron-effect-and-analysis-of-chevron-beams-a-paradigm-shift.pdfUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Connection Seismic AISCUploaded byanon_338686498
- autodeskrobotstructuralanalysisprofessional2013-190105071907.pdfUploaded bymaheshbandham
- 82369128-ASI-Design-Model-for-Light-Bracing-Cleat-Connections.pdfUploaded bymaheshbandham
- General Reference ConnectionUploaded byMichenerpark
- LOAD COMBINATIONS AS PER ASCE7-05 WITH SINGLE CRANEUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Weld CheckUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Seismic Calculation ExcelUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Shear Key DesignUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Base Plate With Moment Axial CompressionUploaded byjigs
- Beam to Col. Pin Connection DesignUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Building DetailsUploaded bymaheshbandham
- TS 60-300 Floor Deck Profile Data Sheet- 2013Uploaded bymaheshbandham
- SSS Steel DeckingUploaded byMohamed Kareem
- Beam Column Base Plate DesignUploaded bySPUD1
- Base Plate Design1Uploaded byRafael Garcia
- Moment of inertia OF WELD.docxUploaded bymaheshbandham
- DensityUploaded byPeeyush Tripathi
- WeightUploaded bymaheshbandham
- BEAM1 TO BEAM 2Uploaded bymaheshbandham
- BEAM TO COLUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Joist ConnectionUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Reference for Shear ConnectionUploaded bymaheshbandham
- Bolted ConnectionUploaded byAbdulqader Sheikhalzoor
- Welded ConnectionsUploaded bysrinivas037
- 449619.pdfUploaded bymaheshbandham

- Funicular ShellsUploaded bydavinciw2000
- Chapter 4 _2consolidationUploaded byMukhriz Mansor
- CALTRANS - Methods of Test to Determine Flexible Pavement Rehabilitation Requeriments by Pavement Deflection Measurements.Uploaded byMiguel Samaca Barragan
- 17-Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byPuti Mayesti
- Ssir Rggvy Odiga FinalUploaded byPranay Kumar
- Appendix G Installing and Use of Settlement PlatesUploaded byjacs127
- Presentation CIV 1180Uploaded byMaria Higgins
- pvcUploaded byarvin jay santarin
- SAES-S-020Uploaded byGutaiba Almasri
- 3. Pavement StressesUploaded byEmad Elhussieny
- Wet Process Sprayed Mortar and Concrete for RepairUploaded bydenise
- pptUploaded byPawan Kumar Meena
- CFD-ACI-318-05Uploaded byRoberto Enrique Sanchez Aleman
- TOP BEAMUploaded byVijay Yadav
- 6 Soil Compressibility_GB_Dr. Asmaa ModdatherUploaded byamoddather
- Kekuatan Geser Tanah_iUploaded bydoni
- Batching Plant Installation Schedule With Comment Rev 24September2017Uploaded byCrys Suryo Prayogo
- Block AB Mezzanine FloorUploaded byYuvarasu
- 273892064-Pavement-Design-Calculation.xlsUploaded bySureshKumar
- Section_9Uploaded byognjenristic
- Timber H20 BeamUploaded byKallumRowlands
- C&WUploaded byEngr Aamir
- Pile Cap (2 piles)Uploaded byEric Chung
- ComplicationsUploaded byJosue Emmanuel Blasquez Contreras
- timefulleightaunallsemUploaded byHari Ragavendran
- MSG 322 – Fluid Mechanics June 2012Uploaded byChong Cherng Wong
- Pipe Laying, Trenching, Miscellaneous ExamUploaded byJMSquared
- 2. Baseline Programme Narrative -LIS-02_MEDUploaded byLokesh Konganapalle
- TPC Questions MCQUploaded byAnonymous KyLhn6
- 10 Fluids in Motion - The Bernoulli Equation 26 Okt, 1-2 Nov 2018Uploaded byYasmin Meidiana Syarif