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People who Preferred personal interests over national interests
What is your Future...?

April - May 2009

People who Preferred national interests over personal interests

Industrial Option Monthly is published from 23 - KM, Lahore Sheikhupura Road and Printed by MITHAS Enterprises Press, Kamal Road, Kamal Gunj Lahore.

In the Account of History 2009


6. 7. 8.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


Introduction to Industrial Option Ethanol

29. The Leadership Reading between lines 30. Pakistan Resolution From Concept to Reality 36. How to Lead when 38. FPCCI Its power and goals 41. Events @ SCCI

An Alternate Energy

Power Politics & Business
Editor’s Desk: You can also Checkmate Defeat Terrorism & Prevail Justice - Page 4

Steel Production in Sheikhupura Pakistan

you’re not the Boss Special Report:
Water and Food shortage in Pakistan- Page 34

10. Now Investing in Top Reasons Investing in Pakistan 12. SCCI Charity Initiatives & Community Uplift

Advisory Board
Muzzaffar Ahmad Malik Shehzad Nagina Tariq Iqbal Mughal Naveed Anwar Sheikh Amir Azam Bukht Shahid Hafeez Faraz Ahmad Malik Zafar Iqbal

14. Focus A Report on SCCI working 20. News & Views 24. How to Handle Lay-


Editor in Chief Editor

Manzoor ul Haq Malik Imran Aziz
Art Director

Correspondents Canada
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SCCI Welcomes Mr. Imran Khan:
The 5th Chancellor of Bradford University and acclaimed social personalityPage 41

University Outreach
Muzayyan Manzoor Zain USA

Rizwan Saleem
Corporate Advisor Finance Legal


Dr. Kahlid Malik Dr. Muneer Ahmad Saud & Naveed Malik

Anum Parvaiz Sabahat Ali


Amajd Chaudhry Mr. & Mrs. Mannan Shahid


Mian Ali

Javeed Amjad Bhatti The Impact
Restoration of the Chief Justice of Pakistan: An Article from Moin Ansari - Page 18


Farooq Sulehriya


American Consulate officers Visit SCCI
Mr. Metthew D Lowe Political Economic officer and Mr. Mark S Palermo Economic officer of American Consulate- Page 43

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Editor’s Desk Y can also Checkmate ou

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Defeat Terrorism & Prevail Justice

Power Politics & Business
I couldn’t understand the decision. It went against all recommendations. It went against all logic. And it was just plain dumb. But then I remembered: decisions are often political in nature and politics is all about power. Now it made sense. Politics is a word with multiple meanings. In business it means the difference between success and failure. And often it defines your personal career. I have enjoyed the benefits and suffered the penalties of politics throughout my three decade career. Sometimes decisions went my way because someone liked me, other times I bore the brunt of ill feelings or of being invisible. You hear it all the time: “It was just politics.” or “This place is so political” or “He really knows how to play the politics.” What are they really saying? And how can you get in the game? “The Consultants have determined that we need to re-organize to serve our customers better. By the way, your job is changing to become a member of my Staff.” Looking at my new Boss, a benefactor from a recent merger, I fought the urge to say what was really on my mind. Maybe my Emotional Intelligence had really gone up given this victory of self control! After stewing for a while it became clear the power had shifted and I was being moved out. There was nothing wrong with my performance but I held the organizational power that my new boss wanted. Not understanding that we could work together, he felt he had to eliminate the threat I posed. That threat being a thorough understanding of the business, strong relationships with our customers and respect throughout the organization as a leader. A year later he had been asked to resign.

People use politics to gain power to drive their own agenda.
Even on climbs, politics exist. In the worst cases, Guides often have their own agenda (summit with or without the clients) or individual clients want to control the schedule, routes or pace. The same principles apply, the same games are played in the boardroom or near the summit. There two type of politics: Good Politics and Bad Politics. In either case to play the game you must have a clear set of values as to right, wrong and what you are willing to do get your way. Second you must be willing to work as hard at the politics as you do your true job and finally, you must be willing to win by the sword or die by the sword: consequences.

Let’s start with what most of us see everyday: Bad Politics.
The sophistication of any politics is proportional to the size of the organization. There are politics in all organizations. Even in a two-

Editor’s Desk person company. Remember politics equals power. The bigger the company, the more complex the politics. There are more players, more agendas, more information, more to gain and more to lose. I have seen that the most successful business politicians are the ones who spend most of their energy managing up, in other words,

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 understanding of what makes their organization or job successful and can represent it clearly and accurately at any level. The good politician shares information and encourages other to do the same. Thus they build on their knowledge base often connecting the dots to see something others miss. They are visible to their network in appropriate ways. They attend meetings when


All political power is inherent in the people. Political Power can be exercised by voting for representatives to take up space in the legislative or executive branches of government... and, it may also be exercised by personal action taken through the Judicial branch of government by conducting the “One Supreme Court”. This is done by exercising sovereignty or controlling the “ due process” and “equal protection of the laws” guaranteed by the Constitution. A government of the people (Legislative), by the people (Executive) and for the people (Judicial).
working their chain of command at the expense of being a true leader for their organization. While this is necessary during times of crisis, these people base their career on building relationships with the power brokers. They attend all the right meetings, take personal credit for other’s ideas and hoard information. This last point is key. Information is power and power is politics. He who has the knowledge has the power. The dead giveaway of a political person is when they rarely share information. On climbs this is obvious. If you want to play the game you must build your network up, not down. Then make yourself visible to the network. These two steps will distance you from your peers and subordinates (if any). You will spend more time on your networking than on your job but you will still have to find a way to get your job done thus the “This was my idea” behavior. Good politics do exist. So be careful not to confuse deft leadership with bad politics. The good politician also builds a strong network but does so at all levels of an organization. They spend time with first level employees as well as two levels up. The have a solid they can add value and make themselves available and approachable throughout an organization. So, let’s go back to the concepts of values, work and consequences. Can you state your values? Do you know when you cross a boundary? Are you willing to step back when you approach the boundary or do you push right through intoxicated by the lure of more power? At the end of the day, are you willing to live with yourself when you reap the personal rewards on the backs of others? Sadly, it seems that there are more Bad Politicians in the business world than Good. Perhaps this is because the Bad Ones have gotten ahead and continue to make the rules. Regardless of how you play the game, the game exists. You can say that I will not do it. You can say that I will be smarter. Or you can simply say that I will play it my way and enjoy the consequences knowing that I set my boundaries, played hard to win and slept well at night.

Manzoor Malik Editor in-Chief


Introduction to Industrial Option
Industrial Option Newsletter covers all aspects of business, from Pakistan and international market news and analysis of economic trends to articles on the people and technologies that influence how we do business every day. It is written expressly for top business decision-makers and opinion leaders who need an international outlook in an increasingly global marketplace. Each month issue explores the links between domestic Offers reporting, commentary, and analysis on world politics, finance, and business trends. Also covers science and technology, literature and the arts. When people get serious about business they read Industrial Option. Industrialoption.com an online businesses to business portal Industrialoption.com is a huge community of buyers, sellers and industrialists. For the job to job marketplace, brand can be merely defined as the lot of images, image and feelings that are evoked in the psyche of your customers and prospects at the reference of your figure. Industrialoption.com is one-stop job solutions for many of the party’s needs. Real moment market allows buyers to go fast resolution; two main indicators of party productivity are Increased Revenue and Cost Saving. Products offered on a market are integrated with the www.industrialoption.com. There are new benefits that party can obtain from participating in industrialoption.com market as easily. For purchaser participants a B2B market offers as mentioned below: Time savings: Provides for faster acceptance, ordering processes and saving tracking. Access to original suppliers: B2B market involvement removes geographic fences and provides approach to original suppliers. Increased sales: With approach to a wider marketplace, suppliers have the potentiality to increase revenue. Reduced sales and backing costs By automating sales and client backing processes companies can cut over chief costs around 25-30% well. Reduced elevated costs: Thanks to sleek supply string elevated costs can be reduced upward to 30 percentages. B2B exchanges: The landscape is littered with hundreds of B2B exchanges that have failed, demonstrating that success is far from automated. But many are yet operating. They have learned how to go reward of the opportunities and avert the drawbacks of this energetic original merchandising line. The sales string integrated into a Business to Business market covers every phase of selling procedure including quote, dialogue, billing and consignment tracking. www.industrialoption.com is an innovative and comprehensive online businessto-business (B2B) portal, which provides a professional platform for the Pakistani exporters, producers, suppliers and others who are involved into import-export trade. Since inception in 2008, Industrialoption emerged as an international plateau for thousands of consultants, importers-exporters, agencies and firms to transact business globally without any intermediaries.


Industrial Option | April - May 2009


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Ehtanol An Alternate Energy
From Mr. Mike Bryan
Publisher & President Bio Fuel Magazine I recently traveled to Pakistan—a trip taken on behalf of the Canadian government— where I am helping the Pakistan sugarcane industry explore ethanol production possibilities. The important thing to me is not that I went to Pakistan, but the fact that countries everywhere in the world are looking at ethanol. In fact, I would venture to say that there are very few countries in the world that are not exploring their potential to produce ethanol. Pakistan has over 40,000 villages that do not have electricity. Millions of people in Pakistan do not have energy to power a simple light bulb in their home. The opportunities, and the need, for renewable energy are absolutely endless. I thought during my trip that perhaps it’s time we see beyond our borders and begin to realize that the ethanol technology we have built here can impact the world. We can be a far greater force for peace in the world by helping provide the energy to light a single bulb than all the political and military might we can muster. We have the power to benefit everyone on Earth. We have the power to enlighten a world that may be without light for many years to come. It’s not a dream … it’s a reality. We are building plants that produce energy. We have the technology, and we should share it with the world. Some will say it can’t be done. They’ll say you can’t use ethanol to produce electricity … it’s too expensive. Let me tell you something: If you are living in a small village and once a day you can start an E85 or possibly an E100 generator that will push back the darkness for a few hours, the price of the domestically produced ethanol will not be an issue. It seems as though we focus on the big picture, often forgetting that, in some places in the world, the simplest luxury can change lives. Is there a way the ethanol industry can reach out to the world? I’m not sure I know the answer to that. But one thing is for sure: We need to try. We need to reach out with ethanol technology and powergeneration technology. BBI will form a small seed to begin this process. Hopefully others will join in, and together we can light a single bulb that will shine around the world. SCCI also encouraged the production of ethanol and said that it will reduce the country’s fuel bill by $500 million and improve the country’s balance of trade. It also said that the focus on molasses production and export would result in less export earnings than the offset effect of reducing oil importation costs through production of sugar cane ethanol. Pakistan oil marketing companies, at a meeting of an ethanol blending task force, called for Pakistan to explore alternatives to ethanol. The OMCs said that there was no shortage of gasoline in the country; shortages are most acute in the diesel market. Pakistan, which is facing up to $11 billion in oil imports, had formed the biofuels task force to investigate the production of 65,000 metric tons of biofuels required to fulfill a 5 percent ethanol mandate. Oil marketing companies have been critical in slowing the conversion to biofuels in neighboring India as well. A recent report in the Economic Times said that Indian oil marketing companies, which are experiencing cash flow difficulties, are unable to switch to E5 blends that would save them $1.52 for every gallon of petrol replaced with ethanol. The reason? A complex web of state regulations and tax issues as well as entry barriers in various states. Earlier, the Indian central government revealed a plan to slash taxes on ethanol as an incentive to stimulate demand. Currently, excise duty is 15 percent, plus state taxes of 4 to 20 percent, plus import fee, permit fee, license fee, administration fee and state excise taxes.

Mr. Saeed Zahoor, CEO Premier Chemicals industries contributed to this report.


Today Sheikhupura Steel Industry stands out as a symbol of Strength, Durability, Reliance and Quality, with over half a century of endeavors at its back. The Sheikhupura Steel Industry amongst the top few companies which meet international standards of perfection. Even in the new millennium Sheikhupura Steel Industry has kept its position and will always keep scaling new heights of success. The Sheikhupura Steel Industry envisages a vision that continues its core strength and builds on a growing base of satisfied customers relying on “A Tradition of Quality”. In surge to serve our country, well bestowed with rich minerals, the Sheikhupura Steel Industry signed a contract with the world’s renowned Steel Giant MCC BERIS to transfer the technology along with supply of the Ferro Alloys plant on turn-key basis worth around Rs. 700 million. This capital investment holds a golden crown to Mughal Steel capable of converting the country’s rich deposits of Manganese and Ferro Chrome. The plant is designed to produce 35000 tons of finished Ferro Alloys annually. This is the first plant of its kind in Pakistan. In order to cope with the electricity needs of various shops and mills, the Sheikhupura Steel Industry decided to go on captive power generation. Over the years Sheikhupura Steel Industry has emerged as a thriving progressive steel enterprise due to its ability to transform itself rapidly to meet the challenges of a highly competitive global economy, combining its People, Technology, Management Systems and Market Opportunities. Sheikhupura Steel Industry is processing better knowledge and Management initiatives to shift focus from creating new physical assets utilizing them with ingenuity and a sturdy business sense. Constant modernization, introduction of state-of-the-art technology and being manned by the highly efficient and dynamic team of employees, has enabled the group to stay ahead in the industry and successfully meet the expectations of all customers. The Sheikhupura Steel Industry is committed to conduct its activities in a socially, ethically and environmentally responsible manner and to achieve the highest professional standards. Sheikhupura Steel Industry endeavors to set the highest standards in corporate ethics for serving the society and country.

Tariq Iqbal Mughal Cochairman Mughal Steel

Sheikhupura - Industrial Potential
AGRICULTURE Major crops and fruit of district Sheikhupura are sugarcane, wheat, rice and guava. Their average annual production over the period 2003-07 was 557, 499, 262 and 23 thousand M. Tons respectively. A variety of vegetables are also grown in the district. There are 23 flour mills, 93 rice mills, 4 fruit juices, 4 solvent extraction units and 15 vegetable ghee / cooking oil units already operating in the district. In view of the availability of various rawmaterials and existing industries, there exist little additional scope for flour mills and rice husking units. However, there exist good prospects for fructose from rice bran, rice husk briquettes, corn oil, furfural from maize cobs, fruit juice/pickles/squashes and vegetables dehydration units. LIVESTOCK As per Livestock & Dairy Development Department, the population of goat, cattle, sheep and buffaloes was 59, 104, 27 and 208 thousand respectively. As regards poultry, there are 724 broiler, 125 layer and 20 breeding poultry farms having rearing capacity of 19845, 534 and 900 thousand birds per annum respectively. The annual availability of hides and skins is estimated at 278 thousand pieces. There are 28 tanneries, one milk processing unit, one ice cream unit, 11 leather products units and 5 leather shoes units already operating in the district. In view of the above, there exist good prospects for dairy farms, cattle/goat/ sheep fattening farms, leather garments, leather products, etc. INDUSTRY A variety of important industrial units are operating in district Sheikhupura including fertilizer, chemicals, polyester fibre/ yarn and rayon yarn, tractor and motor cycle assembling, electric domestic appliances, tyres and tubes (trucks, buses, cars and light vehicles), jute products, ceramics, electrical goods, pharmaceutical, cotton/woollen textile, etc. Paper and paper board industry is also concentrated in district Sheikhupura. In view of the existing industries there exists very good prospects for accumulated batteries, dyes/pigments, pesticides/ insecticides, polyester fibre/yarn, fertilizer, sulphuric acid, chlorinated paraffin, chrome tanning salt, carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC), iron oxide, packaging unit, cigarette paper, kraft liner, auto parts, etc. DEMAND BASED INDUSTRIES District Sheikhupura is one of the major industrially developed districts of the country. It possesses requisite physical/ social infrastructure facilities and developed industrial base. Therefore, in view of over all provincial/national requirements and export potential, there exists good prospects for pharmaceutical, cosmetics, disposable syringes, glass ampoules, artificial leather, fibre glass, boilers, pumps and compressors, ball bearing, generators, foundry and forging, automobile transmission, etc. LIST OF IDENTIFIED PROJECTS As per above discussion, the following industrial units have been identified for investment in district Sheikhupura. - Auto Parts - Artificial Leather - Accumulated Batteries - Automobile Transmission - Boilers - Ball Bearing - Corn Oil - Cosmetics - Chrome Tanning Salt - Chlorinated Paraffin - Cattle/Goat/Sheep Fattening Farms - Carboxyl Methyl Cellulose (CMC) - Dairy Farms - Dyes/Pigments - Disposable Syringes

Keeping in view the availability of raw material, skilled labour, linkage between the industrial units, local / national / international demand, future industrial potential of district Sheikhupura is remarkable. It would, however, be kept in mind that though the before mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit, yet the entire success depends upon the investors / entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors, if lacking is manageable. Therefore, it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.
- Furniture - Fertilizer - Flush Doors/Windows - Fibre Glass - Foundry and Forging - Fructose from Rice Bran - Furfural from Maize Cobs - Fruit Juice/Pickles/Squashes - Glass Ampoules - Iron Oxide - Kraft Liner - Leather Garments - Leather Products - Packaging Unit - Pharmaceutical - Polyester Fibre/Yarn - Pumps and Compressors - Pesticides/Insecticides - Particle/Chip/Hard Board - Rice Husk Briquettes - Sulphuric Acid - Vegetable Dehydration - Wood Seasoning/Processing - Wood Pulp for Paper Industry


Top Reasons Investing in Pakistan
1965 1973

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

1977 2009


Now Investing in
Top Reasons
Investing in Pakistan

1. Capital Markets

The capital markets are being developed along modern lines with the assistance of Asian Development Bank. These reforms have resulted in the development of infrastructure in the stock exchanges of the country. The establishment of the Securities and Exchange Commission has improved the regulatory environment for stock exchanges, corporate bond market and the leasing sector. However, structural reforms in tax and tariffs (Central Board of Revenue - CBR), financial sector (State Bank of Pakistan - SBP), deregulation and privatization, investment policy reforms, improved governance, sociopolitical reforms and poverty reduction programs hold their significance in attracting investment in Pakistan.

gime with few restrictions on holding foreign exchange and bringing it in or out of the country. There are no limits on the inflow or outflow of funds for remittances of profits, debt service, capital, capital gains, returns on intellectual property, or payments for imported inputs.

7. Domestic Market

Foreign controlled manufacturing concerns are allowed to borrow on the domestic market according to their requirements.

8. Human Resource

5. Investment Friendly Environment

Strong human resources including English speaking work force, cost-effective managers and technical workers.

Strategic location as a regional hub in-

9. Infrastructural Development

2. Liberal Investment Policy

Pakistan is home to home over 600 foreign companies, which means Pakistan facilitates liberal investment policy.

Some of the top reasons why Pakistan is a good destination for your investment, as highlighted by Sheikhupura Chamber of Commerce & Industry and its concerned standing committees.
cludes principal gateway to the Central Asia Republics, strong and long-standing links with the Middle East and South Asian countries. Pakistan offers comprehensive duty-free facilities for investors.

Well-established infrastructure and legal systems are deep rooted foundation to lure Investment. It includes comprehensive road, rail, sea links; good quality telecommunications and IT services; modern company laws and long-standing corporate culture.

10. Transparency

3. Reduction in Fiscal Deficit

There has been stabilization in policies with regards to reduced fiscal deficit (from 6.6% to 4.5% of GDP), current account deficit eliminated and market-based exchange rate.

There is a greater degree of transparency in procurement practices since the current government took office in October 1999. International tenders are properly advertised and there is no sole sourcing, as contract specifications are not made according to any company’s requirements, as was done in the past. Sanctity of contracts, however, remains a major concern for companies.

6. Foreign Private Loans

11. Loans and Paid up Capital

4. Liberal Foreign Exchange

Pakistan has a liberal foreign exchange re-

The facility for contracting foreign private loans is available to all those foreign investors who make investment in the approved sectors.

Foreign controlled semi-manufacturing and non-manufacturing concerns can access loans equal to @ 75% & 50%, respectively, of their paid up capital including reserves.

Top Reasons Investing in Pakistan

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 Zones engulfing industrial estates, Free Industrial Zones, Free Trade Zones and Export-Oriented Units (EOU) and Estates for small and medium industries within areas of its boundary has been launched to promote exports. In addition, establishment of export oriented units will be allowed to be set up all over the country. ged land of the south, deserts and a long seacoast, Pakistan has all the hall marks to become a major tourist attraction.


12. No restriction on Payment of Royalty

There is no restriction on payment of royalty / technical fee etc., in the manufacturing sector, allowed non in non-manufacturing sectors. For non-manufacturing sector, the initial lump sum fee should not exceed US $ 100,000. The maximum rate will be 5% of net sales. Initial period for which such fees may be allowed should not exceed 5 year. Further information can be supplied by BOI.

27. IT sector

20. Industrial Projects

13. Foreign Equity

Foreign investors are allowed participation in industrial projects, on the basis of 100% foreign equity, without any permission from the Government.

The Government as the main facilitator, enabler, and promoter of the IT sector, has evolved an effective national IT Policy and Action Plan that clearly caters to the needs of nurturing the industry and is responsive to the dynamic forces of change that can effect its future growth. The Private Sector is being brought into the mainstream as the main driver for growth.

Reducing minimum foreign equity from US$ 0.5 million to US$ 0.3 million.

21. Manufacturing Sector

14. Import Duties

Zero import duties on capital goods, plant and machinery and equipment not manufactured locally. Central Board of Revenue (CBR) can supply a list of locally manufactured good. In case of doubt the investor is invited to consult the Board of Investment (BOI).

The manufacturing sector was open to foreign investment. Now, the policy regime has been liberalized by opening up other economic sectors to FDI and by mobilizing domestic financial resources to encourage investment.

28. Oil and Gas exploration

Oil and gas is another sector in which investor can have offshore and onshore exploration. They can invest in refinement, pipelines and storage facility.

22. Energy Sector

29. Small and Medium Enterprises

Energy sector involves Hydel, thermal, coal, solar, wind and biogas.

15. Tariffs on Agriculture Machinery

23. Mining Sector

The import tariff on agriculture machinery (not manufactured locally) for registered corporate agricultural projects will be zerorated.

Mining sector includes coal, granite, marble, semi-precious gems, chromites, dolomite, gypsum, limestone, Sulphur and rock salt.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) includes value added textiles and leather, engineering, electronics, sports and surgical goods, furniture, gemstones and jewelry and chemicals.

30. Full Repatriation

Full repatriation of capital gains, dividends and profits.

16. Import of Plant and Machinery

24. Engineering Sector

The investors who invest in the newly opened sectors can import plant, machinery & equipment (not manufactured locally) at discounted rate of customs duty which is 10% and also avail first year allowance @ of 50% of the cost of plant, machinery & equipment.

Engineering sector includes light and heavy whereas privatization sector attracts potential investment in banking and finance, oil and gas and power, real estate, telecom and transport.

31. No Objection Certificate

There is no requirement to obtain a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Provincial Governments for the establishment of projects.

25. Land and Natural Resources

32. Remittances

17. Import Duties on Raw Material

Zero import duties on raw materials used in the production of exports.

Abundant land and natural resources exists in Pakistan including extensive agricultural land, crop production; wheat, cotton, rice, fruit and vegetables; mineral reserves; coal, crude oil, natural gas, copper, iron ore, gypsum; and fisheries and livestock production.

Remittance of royalty, technology and franchise fee allowed to projects in social, service, infrastructure, agriculture and international chains food franchise.

33. Regulatory Reforms

18. Expansion of Market

Large and growing domestic market includes 140 million consumers with growing incomes and a growing middle-class moving to sophisticated consumption habits.

26. Tourism

19. National Industrial Zones

A composite scheme of National Industrial

Tourism has been declared an industry and as such holds great promise for prospective investors interested in exploring the true potential of a land as rich and diverse in its culture as it is in its geographical distribution. From snowcapped mountains in the north, with vast fertile plains of the Punjab, rug-

Regulatory reforms have led to the establishment of a legal framework for licensing and regulating private housing lenders. At present, five private housing companies are operating in a regulated environment and offering a variety of loan instruments. In order to mobilize funds, private housing companies may issue certificates of investment.


Charity Initiatives & Community Uplift

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Sheikhupura CCI
Charity Initiatives & Community Uplift
A delegate comprising Mr. Shehzad Ali Nagina Chairperson SAI (Sheikhupura Association of Industry), Haji Abid alias Edhi and Mr. Mushtaq who is one of Sheikhupura CCI executive member supported one school and Ghani Hospital.

supported the cause of Sheikhupura CCI and enlisted Sheikhupura district problems to Co-Chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party.

Opening of Jabbir Hospital in Sheikhupura


A supporting visit paid to Sadiq Hospital Trust on behalf of Mian Adil Mehmood of Adil Textile comprising Imtiaz Safdar Wariach, Federal Minister for Communication. During the visit, the Minister also

Rana Muhammad Iqbal, Speaker Punjab Assembly with other EC members of Sheikhupura CCI inaugurated a self-reliant hospital in Sheikhupura. During the visit, the Speaker enlisted his support towards resolving Sheikhupura district issues in consultation of chamber.

Charity Initiatives & Community Uplift

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 Since rejuvenation of Sheikhupura CCI under the leadership of Manzoor Ul Haq Malik, the success of this public institution has always been inexplicably tied to the individual success of members and to the success of the larger community. The executives have built a reputation on their commitment to give back to the community from which they earn their living. This commitment extends not only to corporate support for the numerous worthy causes and civic organizations. Following are some recent activities of Sheikhupura CCI that outlines their commitment to charity and support. Diagnosing this social ill, Sheikhupura CCI took practical step for the practical cure of this disease and brought back the smiles on the faces of poor parents by helping them to arrange marriages of their daughters on the eve of Eid Miladun Nabi. growth of children, making them become dull minded. Moreover, it creates gynecological complications which results in abortion and other problems. Addressing awards ceremony of Iodine Salt Processors Director General Health, Dr. Muhammad Aslam Chaudhry said that the government had introduced iodized salt programme successfully with the cooperation of Micronutrients Initiatives (MI) in 20 districts of the province under the Pure Food Rules and this programme would be expanded in the remaining 16 district till June 2009 in the current year. The National Program Officer Dr. Tauseef Janjua informed that the Health Department, Punjab and MI with the collaboration of salt processors (salt industries) had launched the programme and now 80 percent edible salt prepared in Punjab was iodized which would help control mental weakness, Goiter and abortion of pregnant women. He appealed to the people to use only iodized salt in their food. He said that iodized salt was being used in most of the countries. He said that the government had registered district-wise salt processors throughout the province. On this occasion, five owners of salt processors were awarded shields and net cash awards. Mr. Sarfraz Ahmad Aulakh of Sheikhupura achieved first prize, Zulfiqar Ali of Khanewal and Pir Mehdi Shah of Khushab got second and third positions respectively, whereas special encouragement award was given to Mr. Fida Hussain of Rawalpindi and Haji Farooq Ahmad of Lahore.


Ayatullah Durrani Visits Sheikhupura CCI

Under the leadership of Mr. Tariq Mughal, Federal Minister Ayatullah Durrani visited Sheikhupura CCI and discussed various issues with Mr. Tariq Mughal on the behalf of Mr. Manzoor Ul Haq Malik.

63 Collective Marriages arranged by Sheikhupura CCI

There is no doubt about the fact that man and woman both are the lynchpin for the smooth functioning of domestic life in its ebbs and flows. The continuity and longevity of conjugal life is the foundation upon which edifice of society and collective life is erected. Both man and woman are the important characters of this arrangement. But it is misfortune of our society that woman—the most important component of society—has invariably been looked down upon. Before inception of Islam, woman was considered as sex symbol in almost every part of the world. But with the inception of Islam as peaceful religion, the reformation of society was started with declaration of respect for womenfolk. So when Islam talked of respect for woman, it provided a complete set of values for her external and internal protection. For the continuity of human race and establishment of moral and ethical standard for dignity of woman, it enjoined contracting of marriage.

Nestle donates Rs4.3 M CCU ward under CSR programme

Nestle Pakistan has donated a 14-bed CCU ward to the District Headquarter Hospital Sheikhupura, which will provide the residents with improved health facilities. According to a statement, Nestle Pakistan Managing Director Trevor Clayton inaugu-

It is a hard fact that marriage of a daughter has become quite a burden on the parents. The family of groom looks for big dowry, while with the birth of girl-child, her parents start worrying for her dowry. It takes struggle of years for the parents and brothers of family to marry off one daughter. The lives of parents are consumed in the efforts for earning in order to arrange big dowry for their daughters but even then they fall short of fulfilling the demand. In a few cases, parents take the extreme step of committing suicide or the girl, while considering herself to be burden on the family, does the same.

rated the newly constructed CCU ward. It has been constructed at a cost of Rs4.3 million under Nestle’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) programme. Trevor Clayton highlighted the objectives of Nestle’s CSR programme and said the company was committed to fulfilling its promise of being a complete health company. “Nestle continues to take initiatives which increase access to social and economic opportunities and has high strategic importance for the overall human development,” he added.

Sarfraz Ahmad Aulakh of Sheikhupura achieved first prize as Iodine Salt Processor

Iodine deficiency disorder affects mental



Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Government oblivious to Industrial problems: SCCI President asserted

Industrial sector is facing tough challenges in shape of prevailing power shortage and high interest rates of banks, however, the government is not trying its best to overcome these problems at the earliest. Mr. Manzoor Malik, President SCCI while talking to newsmen said that it is the responsibility of the government to solve problems of industrialists like shortage of electricity, gas and high interest rates to increase the country’s export. He said the government is oblivious to problems of the industrial sector it was not only harming industrialists but overall economy of the country as well.

the issuance of the stay order. Pakistan’s Supreme Court on Tuesday suspended its earlier ruling barring former prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother from holding elected office, and restored their government in key province of Punjab. The apex court bench, headed by Justice Tassaduq Jilani, heard Sharif brothers eligibility case. According to the verdict, till the apex court’s hearing and decision into Sharifs’ case, Shahbaz Sharif would continue serving as chief minister Punjab. ‘The operation of the February 25 order has been suspended,’ Judge Tassaquq Hussain Jilani told the court allowing Shahbaz Sharif, who was chief minister of Punjab, to resume office.

creased around 10 percent since last year due to power outage to more than eight hours daily, SCCI said. Besides rise in cost of production, the paper and paperboard prices in the country increased due to rise in wood pulp prices in international markets. Mr. Malik said, “We are facing difficulty to meet the increasing local demand this season on back of power outage. We are running our concerns in extra time and paying overtime to our workers, which is increasing our cost of production”. He said that the companies in Sheikhupura normally manufacture three qualities of paper, fine paper, semi-fine paper and normal paper.

Supreme Court restores Shahbaz Sharif as CM Punjab: SCCI encouraged

Power shortage: Paper and Board production hit in Sheikhupura and rest of country

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has issued a stay order on Tuesday against the disqualification of Pakistan Muslim LeagueN President Mian Shahbaz Sharif. Mian Shahbaz Sharif has been restored as Chief Minister of Punjab immediately following

Paper and Board manufacturing sector in the country especially in Sheikhupura has suffered around 25 percent production decline during 2008-2009 on account of frequent power outages, SCCI claimed. The cost of production has also been in-

Patients suffer due to load shedding at hospitals - Situation worst at LWH, diesel not supplied after non-payment of dues

Surgical operations are being delayed in the city hospitals because of electricity load shedding for eight to 10 hours daily.

Focus According to an SCCI report, most of the hospitals do not have the funds to buy diesel for electricity generators. As a result, patients face hours of power outage in hospital wards. LWH: The situation is the worst at Lady Wellington Hospital (LWH), where gynecological operations of the patients, most of whom come from far-flung areas, have been delayed. The dealer had stopped diesel supply to the hospital three months ago due to non-payment of outstanding dues. Several patients in critical condition have been shifted to other hospitals. According to sources, the 235-bed LWH is visited by hundreds of patients from Muridke, Sheikhupura, Narowal and other nearby localities. At least 30 patients are sent to the labour room daily, 60 are checked in the hospital’s emergency, while 200 visit the outdoor patients department. The hospital requires 200 liters diesel daily, costing Rs 300,000. LWH Medical Superintendent (MS) Dr. Afzal Shaheen said the hospital had repeatedly written to the Health Department for funds, but nothing had been done so far. He said load shedding had started and it was difficult to conduct operations without electricity. He said he visited the health secretary’s office himself, who had ordered the Finance Department to issue funds for the hospital. The Auto Cluster Development Committee has approved the setting up of two auto clusters in Sheikhupura and Bin Qasim Karachi while auto cluster on the LahoreSheikhupura road will be launched in May. This was disclosed to the media after the regional committee meeting of National Industrial Park held at NIP regional directorate. The meeting was presided over by Committee Chairman Mohsin Syed, who is also regional director of National Industrial Park Development and Management Company. It was informed during the meeting that 250 small and medium industrial units would be set up in the auto cluster on the Lahore-Sheikhupura road. This cluster will support all the engineering units located in Punjab generally and units on the LahoreSheikhupura road particularly.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


FTIP to be restructured into a ‘think-tank’

Foreign Trade Institute of Pakistan (FTIP) is in the process of restructuring and would be converted from a training institute into a trade policy think tank. FTIP: The first board meeting of the current year of Foreign Trade Institute of Pakistan (FTIP) was held in FTIP building. Federal Minister for Commerce, Makhdoom Amin Fahim, chaired the meeting. Secretary Commerce, Salman Ghani, Chief Executive Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) and other board members were also present. The mandate of FTIP is to impart professional training to the young officers of Commerce and Trade Group, Commercial Officers and Foreign diplomats. The board approved the renaming of the institute from FTIP to PITAD (Pakistan Institute of Trade and Development) in the wake of new global trade challenges. The board was apprised that the institute is organising courses not only for public sector, but also for private sector on trade promotion strategies and trade policy. PIFD: In another meeting, the board of Pakistan Institute of Fashion Design (PIFD) met today with Makhdoom Amin Fahim. The Chairman of the Institute, Avais M.Hussain gave a presentation to the board. The board was apprised that the institute aims to educate manpower capable of designing aesthetic value. staff report FPCCI, PSMA discuss problems of sugar industry The enforcement of 50 percent cash margin against the pledge of sugar, shortage of sugarcane and with high financial costs and mark-up rate of 20 percent, it has become difficult for sugar industry to survive. During a meeting with the President FPCCI, Sultan Ahmed Chawla, Chairman Pakistan Sugar Mills Association Iskander Khan said the government should protect the interests of the business community in order to foster the environment for the betterment of business. staff report

Reinstatement of deposed judges: 500 million messages sent via mobile phones on March 16: PTA

Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) report revealed that around 500 million text messages were sent through mobile phones countrywide on Monday after Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani announced the reinstatement of all the deposed judges, including Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry. Sources said that soon after the address of the prime minister, people started sending text messages to their friends and family members and calling each other to give them the latest news. As many as 400 million messages were sent on July 20, 2007, when Justice Iftikhar was reinstated for the first time. According to the PTA Annual Report, 2007, mobile service providers had claimed that a record number of SMS were sent during the first five days after an emergency rule was declared in Pakistan. In the absence of independent news channels, text messaging emerged as an instantaneous way for the people to update one another on developments such as protest rallies and the numerable arrests of lawyers, journalists and activists. The sources said networks of all the mobile service providers remained busy, as a large number of people started using their mobile phones to give the news to one another.

Protest against unscheduled load shedding

Residents of Sheikhupura together with SCCI held protest demonstrations in front of WAPDA offices against prolonged power outage and overbilling. They also set the electricity bills on fire. Meanwhile, traders observed complete shutter down strike in Sargodha and blocked railway track at Nikalwala in protest against the load shedding. Besides, small traders and business community of Burewala also protested against the WAPDA and announced to hold payments of bill till withdrawal of decision of power tariff hike by the government. On the other hand, protests were also reported in Kasoor, Gujrat, Sahiwal, Sialkot, Nankana Sahib and Chakwal.

The Business Action Forum (BAF) brief

SCCI ‘s efforts for Two auto clusters approved

The Business Action Forum (BAF) comprising executives of Punjab Chambers & Associations played active role in demand-


Focus ing the government immediately stop harassment of people and ongoing crackdown as the current unrest had been further deteriorating the economic situation in the country. Efforts of BAF reported to have positive impact on lifting Governor’s rule and restoration of judiciary. BAF BAF chairperson Mian Muhammad Ali encourages civil society, professionals and students to support the business community for the national cause. He has the vision that the business community could feel at this stage that the economic prosperity would remain a dream without the political stability and real democracy in the country. Meetings of BAF held in Lahore, Faisalabad and Sialkot with overall agenda to decide that business tycoons would continue their efforts for bringing economic stability despite hurdles. The basic concept of Businessmen Action Forum was to develop strong interaction, leadership and partnership for sustainable business development. The BAF would formulate future line action for promotion business and take necessary measures to safeguard interests of the business community. The BAF is an excellent medium for promoting business leadership and sustainable business development and it can respond to the emerging challenges of economic growth. Some burning issues like electricity and gas load shedding, impact of monetary and exchange rate policies, plus supply side constrains, rising costs salary bills and raw materials, increasing competition in export markets, long-term structural issues such as labour skills deficiency and poor infrastructure and law and order problems and political instability were discussed in the BAF meeting. Meanwhile, talking to Media, the President Sheikhupura CCI, Manzoor Ul Haq Malik, said that the BAF would formulate a well planned, thoroughly deliberate and purposeful line of action to facilitate smooth business activities. He said close co-operation and continued co-ordination would greatly help in sustainable solutions to local and international challenges to business. He said that stable law and order was the basic requirement for smooth business activities and steady economic growth, and due to poor law and order business had suffered a lot and economy had been seriously damaged. Mr. Malik, The President Sheikhupura CCI also hoped that the prevailing issues of Sheikhupura, Like motorway, law and order and other community and industrial facilitations are also addressed in this joint business forum. Besides, the wave of terrorism had shaken the entire country and the situation demands that the entire nation must unite against the enemy that is trying to destabilise the country, he added. He said: “We are becoming uncompetitive, and there is great fear about drop in export orders from overseas buyers and long-term impact it may have.”

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 into the project as a primary investment. Each director on the board had previous experience of running sizable and successful enterprises, therefore they were all selected due to this knowledge. Also, with Rs 5 million of personal investment in the project by each one of them, the directors had a direct stake in its profitability. As the development of SIAL went on, the number of directors had reached 250 and it was decided to close membership to the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors at SIAL inspired confidence that the potential of the airport project will be fully realized. On February 26, 2001, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the Sialkot Chamber of Commerce & Industry and the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority with the approval of Ministry of Defence for the construction of the international airport in Sialkot. On March 24 2005, Sialkot International Airport Limited (SIAL) was formed under the auspices of the Chamber. On March 26, 2005, the first plane landed on the newly constructed runway, which has been built to handle a fully loaded Boeing 747 as future plans involved dealing with heavy aircraft for cargo imports and exports. PIA test flight PK-613 landed at the Sialkot International Airport on October 20, 2007. A memorandum of understanding between PIA and Sialkot International Airport Authority for mutual cooperation and joint promotion of Sialkot International Airport was signed by Anwaar Rasul Khan, Senior Vice President (Sales), PIA, and Mian Naeem Javed, Director, Sialkot International Airport. First and biggest ever international airport constructed in the private sector in Pakistan, at a cost of over Rs 2.6 billion became operational on November 30, 2007. President Pervez Musharraf formally inaugurated the Rs 2.6 billion Sialkot International Airport December 11, 2007; the country’s first built by the private sector. PIA has begun flying in and out of Sialkot to the state of Kuwait. From October 26, 2008 PIA will start Sialkot-Abu Dhabi flight once a week on every Sunday and another new route will be added from Islamabad Sialkot to Muscut on every Wednesday and return.

Sialkot International Airport Delegation to Visit Sheikhupura CCI

It has been decided by Sialkot Airport executives to visit Sheikhupura CCI in near future. The Sialkot International Airport (IATA: SKT, ICAO: OPST) (colloquially known as Sialkot Airport) is situated 14 km (8.7 mi) west of Sialkot in the Sialkot District of Pakistan. Approximately 1,000,000 travelers from Sialkot and adjacent areas are expected to benefit from this international airport each year. The export oriented industrial city of Sialkot had long felt the need of an international passenger and cargo airport. The nearest one was in Lahore which is about 125 km away. The federal government promised the industrialists of Sialkot an international airport but due to bureaucratic red-tape, indifference by the government and more importantly its proximity to Indian occupied Kashmir and the periodic shelling from across the border, no work could be started. Finally, tired of foot-dragging, Sialkot’s industrialists in the late 80’s agreed to build the airport themselves and sought the federal government’s approval. On February 2, 2001, approval was granted after a decade of negotiations with the federal government and construction of an international airport at Sialkot for passenger and cargo traffic began. A team of directors was approved, under the chairmanship of Mian Muhammad Riaz (CEO of Dr. Frigz International & three times chairman for SIAL) all of whom placed personal wealth

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The Impact

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 Denis Kucinich once remarked that “the American press is worse than Izvestia and Pravda” in kowtowing to the government line. The misanthropic media has almost become an organ of the state and is used by the military to disseminate misinformation and outright lies. Headlines are added at the discretion of the editor. Many times the headlines are totally disconnected from the actual essay. Even the paragons of the left wing media like the New York Times were used like a fiddle to play the swan song of the WMDs. The list is long. The childish name calling is not limited to the New York Times Company. The juvenile vacuous, vapid chatter is as ubiquitous now as it was in the war mongering days that fueled the frenzy to attack Iraq. The New York Times apologized, but continues its venomous diatribes against Pakistan. Today the Pakistan are thumbing their noses at the Naysayers! What is this all about? In total contradiction of the Pakistani constitution, General Pervez Musharraf had tried to depose a sitting Chief Justice of Pakistan. The people of Pakistan never accepted this illegal action. The PPPP government had promised to restore the Chief Justice, but did not. As a result the people of Pakistan under the able leadership of Imran Khan led a countrywide “Long March” against the president to restore the Chief Justice. Recently other parties and the former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also joined the march. How does it affect Pakistan? Justice Iftikhar had taken keen interest in the disappearance of the missing Pakistanis. That case may now be reopened and the government held responsible to find the missing Pakistan and produce them in front of the court. Additionally, the corruption cases against many of the politicians may be looked upon. The judicial process now will not allow any usurpation or defiance of the constitution of Pakistan. The restoration of the Chief Justice of Pakistan will clip the powers of the President in accordance with the original letter and spirit of the 1973 constitution. President Zardari may lSO feel the heat because of the retreat and his party now has been bruised by this entanglement. The clear winner in

The Impact
Restoration of the Chief Justice of Pakistan: Moin Ansari
Pakistanis of all persuations are celebrating. The world does not comprehend the blood sweat and tears that it took to restore the Chief Justice of Pakistan to his former position. Nor does the international media comprehend the profound implications of this day in the history of Pakistan. Americans commemorate Brown vs. Topeka, Massey vs. Ferguson, and Roe vs. Wade. The Pakistani history today commemorates one of the most important days in the judicial history of South Asia. Today Chaudhry vs Musharraf has been decided in favor of Pakistan. The biggest loser is the servile president, Asif Zardari who was the biggest impediment in the restoration of justice. The puerile headlines in the Hate-Pakistan

press remind me of the old schoolyard song. “Sticks and stones may break my bones but words shall never harm me“. The risible rhetoric is amazing in its transparent bias and mind boggling in its obeisance to the Gods of mendacity. Congressman

The Impact this bout has been the former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and the mercurial and charismatic leader of Pakistan Tehrik e Insaf Imran Khan. The Freedom of Press will also be restored and human rights violation restricted under the strict scrutiny of the courts.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 of the Pakistanis! The Recipe: Take a Pakistani story, any story about Pakistan, add the right amount of skepticism, overwhelm it with an overdose of criticism, take a slice of history to demonize the founding father, and then twist the story to the advantage of Bharat– presto you have a story that one can sell. Like bees to honey the bigots & the Bharatis from all over the planet will swarm over it to validate their temple education that tells them that all Muslims need to be reconverted back to untouchable status and enslaved back as Dalits. Do these bigots realize what the Pakistanis and the world thinks of them? The racism of the Indian Press is not limited to the Hinduvata. Newspapers in India can never find anything good in Pakistan. Siffy News and the The Times of India are known right wing revanchist newspapers and one can comprehend their hatred and bigotry towards Pakistan. However the cancer permeates all levels of Bharati society–a clear vignette of what is being thought to the young ones. One wonders how these bigots can sleep at night. Today the Pakistanis looking at a bright future don’t care about the racist bigots.


How does it affect the world? The restoration of the Chief Justice may impact the US bases that allow the flight of drones to bomb Pakistan. The Chief Justice may take Suo Moto action on asking the government to explain why it has allowed a foreign power to bomb Pakistani citizens. The exuberant Pakistanis are celebrating their victory which allows them to take their own destiny in their own hands. This victory is the beginning of the end of Zardocracy.

Mr. Zardari has been reduced to Lilliputian proportions and will probably have to resign or leave office before the expiration of his term. He had the choice to uphold the law and the constitution, he did the exact office. Mr. Zardari believed that he could rule from Washington. He was wrong. He had to kowtow to the will of the people. Pick a rock, any rock, and you can find “experts” predicting gloom and doom. One wonders how much venom the bigots can spew. Judging by the decibel level of the doomsayers, one can always judge the level of frustration that they face. News about Pakistan is accompanied with the pugilistic doomsayers who come out in droves. Today the world is aghast at the resilience


News & Views
Power, gas shortages cause closure of glass manufacturers units
Glass industry is one of the worst hit sectors that has come to a grinding halt due to power and gas shortages, as a number of units have already closed their operation. The Chairman, Pakistan Glass Manufacturers Association (PGMA), Tariq Baig said the environmental laws encourage the glass industry to replace and discard the use of plastic and synthetic material from packing, pharmaceutical and food industry. Entire developed world, especially the USA, Europe, China and India are encouraging glass industry, while the local glass industry stands crippled due to load shedding and high taxation, he said. The glass industry is a continuous processing industry and gas constitutes the lifeline of its production, therefore the suspension of these two supplies is throttling it to death. During the just concluded winter, both the SNGPL and Wapda carried out regular load shedding, he said. Furnaces in glass production units with production capacities of 100-150 tons per day are severely effected due to shortage of gas supply. Frequent breakdowns force the cooling and unscheduled closures in the furnaces resulting in wasted raw material, low quality of output and damage to the furnaces. These frequent breakdowns forced the manufacturers to lay off a large number of workforce that brought productivity in these units to a stand still resulting in untold misery to their dependants, he added. Of 2,000 million metric cubic feet day (MMCFD) gas available to Sui Northern per day, the requirement of the entire glass industry in Punjab and NWFP stands at only 16 MMCFD. It is pertinent to mention that there was no load shedding of gas in Sindh, as the winters are mild. The government must appreciate the peculiar requirements of the glass industry, especially its need for uninterrupted gas supply and re-orient its priorities keeping in view the total requirement of the sector, which is only 16 MMCFD per day, he added. Because of load shedding and gas shortage, the glass manufacturers are forced to switch their furnaces to furnace oil, but the entire production lines like equipment and other sensitive machinery can be operated only on gas. The industry has been meeting the local demands by substituting imported glass products, saving billions of rupees in foreign exchange. It is also contributing to the national exchequer through huge payments in the form of sales tax, excise and other taxes, while providing jobs to thousands of skilled and unskilled workers. Further, local buyers of glass tableware, bottles and sheet glass etc are now forced to buy expensive imported products, because local units are not able to feed the growing demand of glass products, Baig added.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 istrys official, who is personally following the case. On the other hand, Ministrys per bag calculation tells a completely different story. “APCMAs claimed per bag cost is fictional, and the calculations being carried out by the Industries Ministry speak the truth,” sources said. The Competition Commission of Pakistan (CPP) is also in the process of taking action against the cement manufacturers as the Commission says it has enough proof of cartelisation. The establishment of mobile courts, dropped after charges of their possible abuse for political victimisation, had the objective of keeping a close eye on profiteering, said Minister for Labour and Manpower Khurshid Shah in an interview. In July last year, the government intended to launch a crackdown on cement manufacturers against raising prices to over Rs 400 per 50 kg bag without any justification. But the plan was shelved on top level intervention. According to some officials in Finance Ministry, who attended the ECC meeting, prevailing cement prices are still on the higher side, and the government may fail to contain inflation if prices of cement and other essential items are not reduced. Cement price in the federal capital is Rs 349 per 50 kg bag, but in Quetta it is Rs 410 per bag. The CCP, which was also conducting investigations against cement manufacturers, has already intimated to the concerned quarters that it was under severe pressure from the cement cartel.

Cement industry to collapse if not rescued: prices already on higher side
The country’s cement industry is understood to have conveyed its woes to the government saying that it would collapse if financial benefits were not extended to it in the next budget. “Reduction in PSDP, high cost of energy, high interest rate, and Rs 96 per bag tax are some of the reasons of decline in the cement industry,” sources said. However, analysts term cement manufacturers claim as an effort to harvest more financial gains by understating some of the facts, which is challengeable. Recently, the Ministry of Industries and Production had indicated the possibility of decrease in cement prices as Advisor to Prime Minister on Finance Shaukat Tarin repeatedly stated in the ECC meetings that the impact of reduction in prices of coal and other inputs were not being passed on to the consumers by cement manufacturers. Cement industry is of the view that the cost of one bag cement, inclusive of all duties and taxes, is Rs 358, whereas it is being sold at Rs 340, which means that manufacturers are already facing a loss of Rs 18 per bag. “Without concerted efforts, cement industry will collapse,” sources quoted All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association (APCMA) as saying in its presentation recently given to one of the Finance Min-

Japan to give Pakistan $1 billion in aid
Japans government is finalizing plans to provide Pakistan with up to $1 billion in economic aid over the next two years, the Nikkei business daily reported on Saturday. The assistance would consist of yen loans and grant aid, and is aimed at helping poverty-stricken areas that could become breeding grounds for extremists, as well as finance infrastructure, education and job training, the Nikkei said. Japan will announce the details on April 17 at a Pakistan donors conference in Tokyo that it is co-hosting with the World Bank,

News & Views the paper said. Pakistan has said it is seeking between $4 billion to $6 billion in aid pledges at the donors conference to fill a financing gap over the next two years. The international community fears an economic meltdown in the nuclear-armed country could fan popular support for al Qaeda and other militant groups. Participants at the conference are expected to agree to provide about $4 billion in aid to Pakistan over two years, the Nikkei said. Japan had planned to chip in about 10 percent of that amount but will raise its contribution after the United States pledged annual aid of $1.5 billion, the paper said. Pakistan has drawn up a list of projects worth $30 billion it would like to see implemented over the next 10 years. The list includes hydro-lectric dams and roads projects aimed at improving security in its volence-plagued north-west on the Afghan border. In November, Pakistan got an emergency $7.6 billion International Monetary Fund loan to stave off a balance of payments crisis. “As the threat to the US embassy in Pakistan has scaled up, mainly due to presence of al Qaeda and Taliban in that country, Obama also requested Congress to release millions of dollars in emergency war funds to increase security of American missions and diplomats in the Islamic nation,” the newspaper said. The newspaper also said that Obama proposed a separate $52.9 million for operating and security costs for the US missions in Pakistan. In addition to this, he requested $806.2 million to construct new secure and safe facilities in Pakistan, including a new US embassy building in Islamabad.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 aid programs of Chinese firms may also boost imports from China and create more employment for Chinese labour, thus contribute to Chinas economic growth as well, he added.


Record $739.43 million remittances received in March
Pakistan’s overseas workers sent the highest-ever single-month amount of $739.43 million as remittances in March 2009, surpassing the previous $673.50 million received in December 2008. This amount shows an increase of $137.22 million, or 22.79 percent, from $602.21 million received in March, 2008. Overall, in the nine months (July-March) of current 2008-09 fiscal year, the country received $5,658.06 million as workers remittances as against $4,728.37 million during the same period of the last fiscal year, showing an increase of $929.6 p million, or 19.66 percent. The amount of $5,658.06 million includes $0.45 million received through encashment and profit earned on Foreign Exchange Bearer Certificates (FEBCs) and Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates (FCSCs). The monthly average of remittances in July-March 2008-09 period comes to $628.67 million, up $103.30 million, or 19.66 percent, when compared with the corresponding period of last year. The inflow during the period under review from USA, UAE, Saudi Arabia, GCC countries (including Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman), UK and EU countries amounted to $1,291.47 million, $1,210.15 million, $1,113.58 million, $893.19 million, $406.43 million and $175.67 million respectively as compared to $1,312.34 million, $793.62 million, $881.95 million, $704.27 million, $334.85 million and $131.13 million respectively. Remittances from Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Japan and other countries during this period amounted to $567.12 million as against $568.06 million of the same period of last year. During March, 2009, remittances from UAE, Saudi Arabia, USA, GCC countries

Pakistan included in China investment guide book
While unveiling an investment guide book, to help domestic firms make foreign investments, China also included in it the name of Pakistan. The first batch of the guide book, released on Friday by the Ministry of Commerce, covers 20 countries, such as Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan. The guide book includes investment laws and regulations of the 20 countries, and statistics about individual countries, among other useful information such as advice on problems which firms may encounter. The ministry said it would unveil more of the guide book to cover as many as 160 countries and regions by the end of June, and it would update the guidelines. “It can be a good time now for Chinese firms to invest overseas,” said Li Ruogu, president of the Export-Import Bank of China (China Exim), “as banks have been instructed to support overseas mergers and acquisitions of Chinese firms.” He said that Chinese firms should increase their investment in developing countries, such as Mongolia and those in Africa, Southeast Asia and Latin America. Li said that such investment could be mutually beneficial for both China and the investment-receiving countries. He said that investment-receiving countries could expect a boost to the economy with the combination of Chinas capital and local resources. Large overseas investment and

Obama seeks $2 billion in aid to Pakistan
US President Barack Obama has proposed over $2 billion in civilian and military aid to Pakistan under his emergency war funding request to Congress, apart from seeking millions of dollars for fortifying American diplomatic missions in the militancyplagued country, according to Times of India. The news item titled “Obama seeks $2 billion in aid to Pakistan” on newspapers website also said the supplemental request sent to the Congress on Thursday is in tune with Obamas new Afghan-Pak policy that plans to expand the US fight against terrorism across the borders of Afghanistan into Pakistan as well. Besides proposing $1.4 billion for economic assistance to Pakistan and to support additional civilian personnel, more secure infrastructure and diplomatic operations, Obama requested another $400 million to build the counter-insurgency capabilities of Pakistani security forces, says the news item datelined US capital Washington.


News & Views (including Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman), UK and EU countries amounted to $174.60 million, $151.28 million, $134.96 million, $109.80 million, $62.35 million and $25.62 million, respectively as compared to $111.74 million, $120.11 million, $151.95 million, $85.44 million, $41.98 million and $15.01 million in March 2008. Remittances from Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Japan and other countries during March, 2009 amounted to $80.72 million, up from $75.84 million received in the same month of last year. The meeting examined in detail the need for single-point mooring, and it was agreed that such a project was an essential requirement to diversify the strategic port operation. Dr. Asim said that single-buoy mooring would not only add to the efficiency of oil imports, as large marine tankers would be able to enter the country. He said that the single-buoy mooring was a floating jetty connected with the land through a two kilometres pipeline, and the tankers arriving with oil would get connected to the jetty. He said that initially all installations related to crude oil imports would be shifted from Keamari to Khalifa Point and in the second phase it would be utilised for the import of diesel and petrol also. The refineries and oil companies would be shifting all their storage depots from Keamari to the Hub area. “It will also add to the safety of millions of residents living in Keamari to Defence area,” The meeting was attended by Managing Directors/CEOs of Pak Arab Refinery (Parco), National Refinery (NRL), Pakistan Refinery (PRL), Bosicar Pakistan (BPL), Pakistan State Oil Company (PSO), Asia Petroleum (APL), Pak Arab Pipeline Company (Papco) and Secretary General of Oil Companies Advisory Committee.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 A project of Al-Tawarqui Group of Saudi Arabia for steel manufacturing in Al-Tawarqui Steel Mill is also in the pipeline with an investment of $1 billion. M/s Agility Logistics, Kuwait also invest $160 million in logistics centers Warehouses. M/s Tianjin Renong Pesticide Industries Company and M/s Pak-China Chemical are planning $12 million investment in chemical sector. China National Machinery and Equipment Import Export Corporation have a project in the pipeline for investing $450 to $500 million in Sonda-Jherruk Integrated Coal Mine & Power Plant Project. A project of M/s Haier to invest $200 million in infrastructure development at China-Pakistan Economic Zone is also in the pipeline. M/s King Long United Automotive Industry of China also wanted to invest $1.3 million in automobile sector. Telenor Norway will invest $1.8 billion in telecom sector. M/s Atlas Group would invest $250 million in power and $33 million in banking sector, according to BoI.

All oil facilities to be shifted from Karachi to Khalifa Point
The government has decided to shift all oil installations from Keamari and Karachi port areas to Khalifa Point in Hub area of Balochistan in 18 months period, due to security concerns. Sources said that the government has received reports about security threats regarding oil installations in Karachi, and decided to shift these installations to Hub area of Balochistan. Dr. Asim Hussain, advisor to Prime Minister on petroleum, has already conveyed the decision to the oil refineries that the country needs a single buoy mooring to cater all oil imports. In a meeting held with the representatives of refineries in Islamabad, Asim said that the decision of shifting oil installations to Hub area was lying pending for many years, and further delay would only add to the cost of operations for the stakeholders. After detailed discussions, a committee was formed, headed by Adil Khattak, Managing Director of APL, comprising nominees of refineries and the task for framing TORs by April 20, 2009, was assigned to the OCAC. The committee is expected to give its report by the end of May 2009 for further processing. The refineries were informed that there was a serious strategic concern over the presence of large oil storage depots in the areas, which is very close to the navy installations. “Any accident can cause serious damage to Naval crafts and fixed installations near the oil jetty of Keamari,” said an official of the Petroleum Ministry.

Do Not Forget!
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Completed Motorway Link at Sheikhupura Road, why not inaugurating...? Without promotion of business and industrial activities how to control Law-n-Order...? Without Electricity & Gas, how one can invest in business and industry...? Without road infrastructure, how one can promote business and industry...? Without vocational institutes & training how we can produce quality and value-added products...? Without Emergency, Health Care, Sports and Labourers Colonies how to produce quality of Workers...? Without banks in industrial area, how financial activity is ensured...?

Government expecting $5.627 billion inflow through 13 projects
A project of Al-Tawarqui Group of Saudi Arabia for steel manufacturing in Al-Tawarqui Steel Mill is also in the pipeline with an investment of $1 billion. An investment of $200 million and $21 million is in the pipeline for projects in trade, services and consumers products from M/s Metro Cash & Carry and M/s MAF Hypermarkets Pakistan (Pvt) Limited (Dubai) respectively. An investment of $1 billion is in the pipeline by M/s Al Ghurair and the Giga Group of UAE for World Trade Centre, Gold Crest in DHA Islamabad and $450 million from M/s Pak-Gulf Construction Company (PGCL) for residential towers and hotel in the Centaurs in Islamabad.



Fire Brigade WAPDA & Gas Infrastructure Labor Colonies Sports Grounds Health Care Centers Non Attention of Govt. Departments Technical & Vocational Education Motorway Interchange

Urea Industry Large Tax payer Industry Paper & Board Industry Cable Industry Feed Industry Milk Industry Textile Industry Tractor Industry Chemical Industry Ethanol Industry Industrial Services Polyester Industry Packaging Industry Motorcycle Industry Match Box Industry Cooking Oil Industry Engineering Industry Steel & Stainless Steel Industry Filter Water Industry Rice Processing Industry

Stop Ignoring Sheikhupura

Sheikhupura waiting for Justice


How to Handle Layoffs

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

How to Handle Layoffs
By: Amir Azam Bukht and Naveed Anwar Sheikh Letting people go is an emotional event — not just for those being laid off but for those who remain. Of course those who are let go need help with the transition to new employment. But the employees who survive the cutbacks also need reassurance about their own future — and an understanding of the strategic goals behind the cuts. The following guidelines will help companies handle layoffs in a way that affords dignity to those let go and reassures survivors that the downsizing decision wasn’t made arbitrarily. It will also help the remaining employees feel positive about the organization, optimistic about their future, and committed to working toward a better day. Keep in mind that employees who resent how their laid-off colleagues were treated and are fearful about the company’s direction are not productive employees. Communicate widely and often Managers often think they shouldn’t let employees know when things are going poorly. They don’t want their workers to become discouraged. But people aren’t stupid; they know when things aren’t going well. Even if top managers spin the circumstances positively, the message comes across through unclear goals, a decrease in resources committed to ongoing projects, and other subtle clues. Discussing and acknowledging the company’s position is the first step to keeping people involved — and committed to solving problems they understand. Fill in information gaps for your employees If layoffs become necessary, people won’t be shocked if they have been able to see them coming. To that end, share market data and competitive information. Don’t proclaim layoffs without need, of course, but don’t undermine trust by lying or being unrealistically upbeat two months before a layoff. It’s impossible to regain trust once people know you’ve lied to them. Give the most pressing information first When the question on everyone’s mind is “Is there bad news ahead?” let them know. Don’t bother starting with a discussion of the competition, market forces, or the financial environment; no one will pay attention until their most critical question is

How to Handle Layoffs answered. Never delegate pain The most delicate challenge is letting someone know that he or she has been let go. Don’t delegate this painful mission to the HR department. Most people are loyal first to their manager, then to their company. The person’s manager should deliver the message. Companies need to allow managers a realistic timetable to have one-on-one conversations with the employees that are being let go. Deliver the message personally and respectfully — and listen It does no one a favor to lay off employees with a note on their computer saying, “Don’t turn this on today!” Deliver the message in private, and give employees time to react. People have different reactions — some need to vent, some need time to think, and some need facts and explanations. Be prepared to give each person what they need to reach a stable emotional keel. Then, as quickly as possible, get them thinking about their future rather than the company’s. The primary message should be “How can I help?” Provide outplacement support The question everyone asks after a layoff is, “What do I do now?” Few people have a resume at hand and a job-hunting network mobilized. Outplacement helps them land on their feet. You’re offering help at a highstress, emotional time. It sends a signal to them and to the remaining employees that you’re treating the ex-workers as people, not as line items on a budget. Along those lines, give people the chance to pick up and immediately begin moving toward their future. Letting people go on a Friday afternoon, for example, is a terrible idea. Employees have all weekend to stew and won’t be able to do any job-hunting until Monday morning. Exit interviews can also be useful, but may best be performed by a third-party firm. Employees can provide valuable information that they might not be willing to share with an insider. Make sure that they’re asked: “How do you feel the layoffs were handled?” This will help them vent and may also reveal important tips to make the process a little less painful. After a morning of layoffs, no one is in an emotional state to work. Give people the space to deal with what just happened. Accept that you’ll lose (at least) a day of productivity, and do whatever it takes to help people cope with their emotions quickly. Support survivors, too Employees who survive the layoffs will struggle with doubts about the company’s future. They want to know how their jobs will change. Will they now be expected to do their jobs plus the jobs of their ex-coworkers? Or will their goals be changed accordingly? What is the precise state of the company financially? Are further layoffs imminent? Their doubts will begin with their own roles and expand outward to their teams and to the company as a whole. You must address each level of concern with as much rational discussion as possible. CEOs: Be front and center The CEO must be there for the managers as well as the terminated employees. One company planned to shut down an entire branch without coaching its managers in delivering emotionally troubling news; instead, the CEO was to come make the announcement. The branch manager and her employees gathered for the CEO’s visit, but he didn’t show. Instead, he sent the branch

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 manager a FedEx box with termination packets and no instructions whatsoever. After an unsuccessful attempt (in front of the assembled employees) to get the CEO on the phone, the branch manager opened the box and proclaimed, “Today is my last day with the company and I’m so selfish, I’m taking you all with me.” It was a horrible moment for everyone, and the no-show CEO was instantly detested for his callous behavior. Each one of those terminated employees became an ambassador of ill will in the marketplace. You can bet that story was widely told in the months and even years after the event. In contrast, another CEO helped his managers by giving them his prepared, written statement to read. It covered the relevant facts, including logistics concerning health insurance and other benefits, and outplacement options. After each manager conveyed the news to her employees, she directed them immediately to the outplacement center. This was a good way to orient them toward the future and help them feel supported as they started their new life as a job seeker.


4th April, 1979
If you believe in your mission then Death is not a Cost...

We are ready to face such results

Elected Office Bearers Sheikhupura Chamber of Commerce & Industry for the period of 2008-2009
NO 1 Associate Class Corporate Class

Sheikh Abdul Hafeez M/s S. Abdul Ghafoor & Sons Sheikhupura

Ali Abbas Mandiali Paper Mill Pvt. Ltd.


Imtiaz Ashraf Aulakh Aulakh Commission Shop Sheikhupura

Muhammad Saeed Premier Paper Mills Ltd.


Muhammad Ramzan Hassan Board Industries GT Road Kala Shah Kaku Haji Muhammad Ilyas Farooq Abad

Ch. Zahid Hafeez Zahid Hafeez & Brothers


Faraz Ahmad Malik Malik Board & Paper Pvt. Ltd.


Haji Muhammad Ramzan Al-Hamd Cloth House Sheikhupura

Muhammad Shoaib Al-Munawar PVC Pvt. Ltd.


Ch. Nadeem Safdar Model Soap Factory, Sheikhupura

A.R Khan Super Theramics


Sohail Iqbal Mian M. Iqbal Hussain & Company Sheikhupura

Haseeb Haroon AHN Steels Pvt. Ltd.


Ch. Tahir Majeed Ch. Tahior Majeed & Co. Sheikhupura

Mian Mohammad Sana Ullah Salman Ajmair Traders (National Pipe).


Malik Mushtaq Ahmad Sky International, Muridkay

Sammi Farooq Jammal PVC Pvt. Ltd.


Haji Abdul Kareem Ch. Muhammad Baqar Khan & Cvompany, Jhabran.

Khuram Javed Mughal Al-Bashir Steel Mills Pvt. Ltd.

Standing Committees of the Sheikhupura Chamber of Commerce & Industry for the period of 2008-09
No. Name Standing Committee Company Name

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45


Mohammad Tariq Iqbal Mughal Achievement Award Ch Mohammad Arif Agri and Pesticide Amjad Nazir Butt Agro & Food Process Mehmood Sami Petroleum Ch. Nadeem Safdar Soap and Detergents Rab Nawaz Dyes and Chemicals Sabir Pervaiz Miller Industry A.R.Khan Customs & Import Shahid Saeed Pasha Chemical Processing Haji Maqsood Gems & Jewelry Malik Manzoor Industrial Services Sheikh Naveed Anwar Stainless Steel Industry Muzaffar Ahmad Board Industry Haseeb Haroon Collides Mohammad Saleem Butt Pharmaceutical Amir Bakhat Azam Cable Industry Tariq Iqbal Mughal Trade Delegation Mian Farooq Ahmad Pipe Industry Mrs. Qaisra Zulfiqar Women Entrepreneur Mian Muhammad Sanaullah WAPDA Dispute Resolution M. Waseem Asharaf Rice Export Sheikh Abdul Hafeez District Government Imtiaz Asharaf Aulakh Social Welfare Syed Abid Shah Education Ali Abbas Chemical Yarn Mohammad Rashid Open end Industry Lala Abdul Waheed Health Khalid Zaman Toor Rice Research Malik Mohammad Yusaf Sales Tax Shehzad Ali Nagina R & D / NGOs Abid Mehmood Butt Building Amir Bakhat Azam Environment Ch Mohammad Arif Law & Order Amjad Nazir Butt Chamber News Suhail Iqbal Mian Membership Growth Manzoor Ul Haq Malik Liaison Kamran Khan Pulp & Paper Ch. Mohammad Sadiq Business Dispute Resolving Khalid Taj Sui Gas+ CNG Mian Shahabul Khan Court Matters Malik Mudassar Public Relation Khawaja Tariq Packaging( Tin Corrugation ) Aamir Match Industry Muhammad Younas Shoe Industry Imran Aziz IT, Knowledge Economy & B2B Rizwan Saleem (Co-Chairman) IT, Knowledge Economy & B2B Zafar Khalifa SME / SMEDA

Mughal Steel Mill Pvt Ltd Ch Stone Crushing Al Madina Trading Co Skp Sami Sons Model Soap Factory Ahmad Jannat Enteprises Seena Grinding Super Thermax Premier Chemical Maqsood Jewelers Industrial Option AHN Steel Malik Board & Paper Mill AHN Collides Ameer Pharama New Age Cables Mughal Steel Mill Pvt Ltd Jamal Pipe Industry Al Aziz Paper Mill National Pipe Waseem Traders S. Abdul Ghafoor & Sons Aulakh Commission Shop Philanthropist RN Rayon Model Spinning Usman Traders Crystal International InterPack Mandiali Paper Mill H.M. builders New Age Cables Ch Stone Crushing Al Madina Trading Co Muhammad Iqbal Hussain & Brothers Industrial Option Flying Paper Mill Insha Industries Taj International Qadria Board Falcon Packages Ayub Packages Fazal Match Industry Rightway International RAD Federation Industrial Option Khalifa Paper Mill

The Leadership

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


The Leadership
Reading between lines
Imran Aziz writes in his dairy The 1990’s was good time of my life. I was finishing my school and preparing myself for tougher world. With dark complexion mostly because of kite flying, I was one prominent boy in my family. My inferiority complex helped me to scale heights, supported by my parents and a rebellion in myself. One incident concerning to popular leadership and right to vote of children troubled me in childhood. As child, I was ignorant of political affairs and obviously, I carried no judgment between good or bad policy. However, I believe that the same applies to many adults. My aspiration to be associated with the personality was immaterial but benevolent and uncynical and that resulted when I skipped my school for a day with my friend and finally met Mian Nawaz Shairf while he was playing cricket in Bagh-e-Jinnah. I have learned that sometimes People follow a person who inspires them and they think that a person with vision and passion can achieve great things and their ultimate belief on the way to get things done is by injecting enthusiasm and energy for good. Indeed, I am talking about transformational leadership qualities best seen and learned from Prophet Muhammad (SAW). A Transformational Leader by definition: Transformational Leadership starts with the development of a vision, a view of the future that will excite and convert potential followers. This vision may be developed by the leader, by the senior team or may emerge from a broad series of discussions. The important factor is the leader buys into it, completely. In past, we have seen such qualities in few leaders like ZAB (Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto), BB (Benazir Bhutto) and Mian Nawaz Sharif. Many people reading this diary may disBoth Mian Shahbaz Sharif and Mr. Yousaf Raza Gillani are delivering at their best, there is no doubt about it, and they have contributed and contributing well towards organization, unit and country effectiveagree about my opinion on above-mentioned personalities and point Mian Shahbaz Sharif, Mr. Yousaf Raza Gillani and Mr. Asif Ali Zardari as transformational leaders in politics. Yet, I do not disagree with them but value their opinions. I also agree that Leadership is one of the most salient aspects of the organizational context. However, defining leadership has been challenging. ness. Their main job as I see that whatever is necessary to group needs is taken care of; thus, they could be said to have done their job well when they have contributed to country effectiveness and cohesion in their respective political regimes. Both are superb at mapping functional leadership qualities by adapting five basic functions that include: (1) environmental monitoring, (2) organizing subordinate activities, (3) teaching and coaching subordinates, (4) motivating others, and (5) intervening actively in the group’s work. Both work on consideration and initiating structure. Consideration includes behavior involved in fostering effective relationships. Examples of such behavior would include showing concern for a subordinate or acting in a supportive manner towards others. Initiating structure involves the actions of the leader focused specifically on task accomplishment. This could include role clarification, setting performance standards, and holding subordinates accountable to those standards. I have discussed above the important tenets of leadership and tried to establish relevance to personalities. As we know that potential to be a transformational leader is next to become a head of state in politics. If it is true, then the tip of Mian Nawaz Sharif as third premier requires transfers of presidential powers to Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani before such situation matures. Otherwise, some may opt him for the first time President of Pakistan. Still the analysis is not the final opinion; one has to work on political capital building before anything happens.


Pakistan Resolution

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Pakistan Resolution:
From Concept to Reality
It is a historical fact that after the events of 1857 and the subsequent consolidation of the British Raj in India, the political thinkers and intellectuals of the Sub-continent started to think about the political, religious cultural and social future of India. As a result, many ideas, plans, proposals and schemes were put forward for the partition of India and the formation of a separate Muslim state. Apart from indigenous proposals, British parliamentarians, writers and others were also thinking in terms of the bifurcation of India. The first such scheme for the partition or division of India was voiced by a British Parliamentarian John Bright in June 1858. Addressing the House of Commons he suggested “five or six large presidencies with complete autonomy, ultimately becoming independent States.” After two decades, in December 1877, he again reiterated that “he is seeing several independent and sovereign states in India when British withdrawal had been affected.” After 1857, since the Muslims of India were grossly marginalised in the social, religious and political fields, they were not inclined to accept the demand for partition of India into two independent and autonomous states. Although the actual struggle for the establishment of a proposed Muslim state started in March 1940 from the platform of the All India Muslim League (AIML), it nonetheless has a long historical background. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the first Muslim thinker who stressed that Hindus and Muslims are two different nations, hence any attempt to fuse them into one nation would fail. Accordingly in 1867, before the Divisional Commissioner of Banaras, he very clearly said “I am convinced both these nations will not join whole heartedly in any thing. At present, there is no hostility between the two communities, but on account of the so-called educated it will increase immediately in future. He who lives will see.” After the establishment of the Indian National Congress in 1885, his conviction became firmer when he said “Indian National Congress is a Hindu organisation and it can not provide safeguard to the interests of Muslims.” Although Sir Syed Ahmad Khan did not present in principle, any plan or proposal for the partition of India, yet he provided a basis to the Indian Muslims for thinking about their future. From to 1940, more than one hundred proposals and schemes for the partition of India were presented by different quarters. In these proposals, the principal of partition was presented mostly on administrative and communal grounds; however, these proposals not only popularised but also paved the way for the vivid description and

Pakistan Resolution elucidation of the Two Nation Theory. It is amazing that the first scheme for the partition of India was presented by John Bright in 1858, a Britisher. On the 4th of June 1858, while participating in a discussion in the British Parliament concerning the Government of India, he was of the opinion, “A great country like India cannot be administered by Britain for a long time, one day we will have to let them rule. Hence it is necessary to abolish the Governorship and instead of keeping a colony, and for administrative purposes, India should be divided into five presidencies.” It is however strange that in 1947, the last scheme after some 90 years, was also presented by Viceroy Lord Mountbatten- a British. In 1887, Theodore Beck, educated at Cambridge and the Principal of M. A. O. College at Aligarh, after reviewing the political and social condition of India observed that “Muslims are a separate nation, rule of majority is impossible; Muslims will never agree to be ruled by the Hindu majority.” The second scheme for the partition of India was proposed by a renowned Muslim Scholar Jamaluddin Afghani who in 1879, proposed a broader Muslim state. He was of the opinion that there should be a Muslim State incorporating the north-west Muslim majority provinces of India, Afghanistan and Muslim Central Asia. During the tenure of Viceroy Lord Ripon, in 1883 a British writer Wilfred Scawen Blunt, visited India and held negotiations with different leaders. He wrote in his book Ideas about India that “practically India is to be divided as such that all Northern provinces under the Muslim Government while the South provinces under a Hindu government”. A great Muslim journalist and novelist Maulana Abdul Haleem Sharar, after analysing the deteriorating conditions of the Indian Muslims and the chances of future Hindu-Muslim riots, felt that if the current problems were to be solved, the partition of India was a must. In 1899, another British intellectual and the principal of MAO College Aligarh, Theodore Morison proposed that the only solution to the Indian political uncertainty was to centralise the Indian Muslims in one province or tract of the country, for instance, the north of India from Peshawar to Agra. From 1899 to 1913, no clear proposal for the partition of India came out, although some political and communal incidents and events took place which strengthened the faith of the Muslims in the Two Nation Theory. Amidst all this, the Governor of United Provinces Sir Anthony MacDonald’s order to replace Urdu as the official

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 through the efforts of AIML; with the help of new reforms, the right for separate electorate for the Muslims was accepted. The Minto-Morley Reforms in 1909 ensured that the Muslims would be free to choose their own candidates. According to the same reforms, the Administrative Council of Viceroy was expanded and changed into Imperial Legislative Council. Almost simultaneously, on December 12, 1911, at his coronation ceremony, King George V announced the cancellation of the division of Bengal. This was a painful moment for the Muslims, while the Hindus who were continuously raising voices against this decision, celebrated joyously. These events forced the Muslims of India to struggle for their rights as a separate community. On 10th May, 1913, a newspaper called Comrade published a comic column written by a journalist named Wilayat Ali Bambooq where he said, “to solve the HinduMuslim problem, Hindus and Muslims must be separated from each other. North India must be handed over to Muslims, while the rest may be handed over to Hindus”. language was a main event which permitted the use of the Devnagri language in place of Persian and Urdu in government offices. This order was very perturbing for the Muslims of India. At this stage a companion of Sir Syed, Nawab Mohsinul Mulk founded the Urdu Defence Council and protested against the Governor’s order. In 1901, another organisation was formed by Nawab Wiqarul Mulk named “Mohammadan Political Organisation”; the main objective of the organisation was to voice the Muslim grievances and demands before the Indian Government. In the same year Viceroy Lord Curzon after bifurcating Punjab established northern frontier area as a province. But the most shocking event was revealed on October 16, 1905, when Lord Curzon decided to divide the province of Bengal into two. This was a blessing for the Muslims of India but was against the interests of the Hindus. In 1906, the All India Muslim League (AIML) came into being. In 1908, the Muslims of India achieved more successes From 1913 to June 1917 five proposals came out about India’s constitutional and administrative future but in September 1917 the two Khairi Brothers, Abdul Jabbar and Abdul Sattar, played a prominent role in advancing the idea of a Muslim state in India. During the period 1913 to 1917, a vital change occurred in the political scenario of the Sub-continent through the efforts of M A Jinnah, who was actively participating in politics from the platform of the Indian National Congress and the Legislative Council. He joined the AIML in 1913 and made efforts to create communal harmony between Hindus and Muslims. He was gaining popularity on both sides but some ideologies were not in favour of Jinnah’s efforts. In 1918, Sir Aga Khan in his book “India in Transition” proposed a plan of a huge federation of South Asia with India as its nucleus and centre. From 1919 to 1923, some other politicians and social scientists proposed schemes. Prof. Muhammad Sarwar in his book



Pakistan Resolution Afadat wa Malfuzat-i-Hazrat Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi, wrote that in 1924 an anti-British personality Ubaidullah Sindhi in his manifesto issued from Istanbul in 1924, observed that each region of India was to be called “Swarajiya Republic” and the collection (India) was to be known as the Indian Federal Swarajiya Republican State”. The Federal Capital was to be at Delhi. Apart from Sindhi’s observation, Maulana Hasrat Mohani, a renowned poet and politician was the first Indian who moved a resolution demanding, “Complete independence” for India from the Congress platform during its 1920 annual session and again in his presidential address delivered before the ML’s annual session at Ahmadabad in Dec. 1921. Three years later, Maulana Hasrat presented a slightly amended proposal in his meeting with the Hindu leaders in 1924. Mohani proposed his scheme on two grounds: that no country could be really free under dominion status and that the Muslims would receive a better deal under the independent Federal structure. In the same year Lala Lajpat Rai a Congress leader, founder of the Hindu Mahasabha and a journalist, wrote several articles on the Hindu-Muslim problem and on Pan-Islamism. In May 1925, Khilafat leader Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, while commenting on Sardar Gul Khan’s proposal in his journal Comrade, said “Muslims have no desire to rule over Hindu areas”. Maulana Muhammad Ali never gave any concrete suggestion about the partition of India but from his writings and speeches it is indicated that he had a very clear idea about the partition of India. Apart from Patric Fagan’s assumption that Muslims will fight for their domination in north India, few other opinion came forward in 1925 which are on record. In the same year some teachers and students of the Aligarh Muslim University prepared a scheme of partition in which they suggested that India should be rearranged on the basis of a new theory of nationality. The scheme was published in the form of a pamphlet and distributed on the occasion of jubilee celebration of the Aligarh Muslim University. Journalist Murtaza Ahmad Khan Maikash,

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Syed Sardar Ali Khan and Nawab Zulfiqar Ali Khan, Sir Ross Masud also presented their proposals but all were superseded by the proposal made by Allama Iqbal in his presidential address. Allama Iqbal proposed that “I would like to see the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sindh, and Baluchistan amalgamated into a Single state. Self-government within the British Empire or without the British Empire, the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim appears to me to be he final destiny of the Muslims, at least of NorthWest India.” In the same address, Iqbal also said “the principal of European democracy can not be applied to India without recognising the fact of communal groups. The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified” The proposal of Iqbal was not only welcomed by the Muslim circles but also gained popularity and importance even in non-Muslim circles. In 1933, a very thought provoking declaration was made by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a student of Cambridge University. After passing the examination of Law, during the Round Table Conferences in January 1933, Rahmat Ali issued a declaration entitled “Now or Never: Are we to live or perish forever?” In his declaration, Rahmat Ali demanded a Muslim homeland. The homeland of the Muslims of the Subcontinent was named in the first sentence of the declaration as ‘Pakistan’, according to which “…we mean the five Northern units of India, viz., Punjab, North-West Fron-

tier Province (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan.” Choudhary Rahmat Ali’s proposal embodied in his declaration, gained significance and importance due to two reasons: first, he issued this declaration at a time when the Round Table Conferences were in session in London; second, that Rahmat Ali was the only person who suggested a name “Pakistan” for his proposed Muslim homeland. After Rahmat Ali’s declaration, a flood of opinions and suggestions burst forth in India and internationally. The word “Pakistan” became immensely popular. In August 1933, the Joint Parliamentary Select Committee of British Empire discussed the said declaration with the visiting deputation of the Indian Muslims. From 1933 to 1936, no clear proposal came forward. In April 1934, Jinnah was elected the president of the AIML again. He reorganised the League with the purpose to participate in the elections which were due to be held under the India Act of 1935.At this crucial stage Allama Muhammad Iqbal extended his full support to Jinnah. During 1936 and 1937 he was in touch with Jinnah and was continuously writing to him on the issues which the Muslim India was facing. In his letter on 28, May 1937, Iqbal commenting and elucidating the seriousness of the Muslim India’s situation wrote that to solve these problems it is necessary to redistribute the country and to provide one or more Muslim states with absolute majorities.

Pakistan Resolution 1937 to early 1940 were the years when many a proposal, suggestion, scheme and observation came forward about the partition of India on Hindu Muslim basis from all the corners of the country. 1940 was the landmark of the demand for partition because in that year AIML in its annual session held in March 1940 at Lahore in the supreme leadership of the Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah presented its separate Muslim homeland plan. The plan was embodied in a resolution, which was initially called Lahore Resolution, which later became famous as Pakistan Resolution. The entire struggle of All India Muslim League after March 1940 was concentrated around this Resolution till the creation of Pakistan in August 1947. Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada, Professor Sharif al Mujahid and K K Aziz in their research work summarised these proposals and schemes with authentic sources and came to the conclusion that the historic Pakistan Resolution was not the end but the beginning which led to the creation of Pakistan. Pakistan Day: President Zardari urges nation to uphold constitution, rule of law * Prime minister calls for national unity, integrity President Asif Ali Zardari has urged the nation to uphold the constitution and rule of law and adhere to democratic principles to transform Pakistan into the state envisioned by its founding fathers. In his message on Pakistan Day, the president said, “When our founding fathers resolved to carve out an independent state, they had in mind a state where constitutionalism and rule of law would reign supreme. For a long time and at intervals the rule of law and constitutionalism has been trampled by dictators, sometimes under the doctrine of necessity and sometimes under the theory of successful revolution. This cycle must come to an end. It will.” The president urged the people to work in the spirit of tolerance, mutual accommodation, and respect for dissent, and invited everyone to participate in the effort for national reconciliation. “On this day, let us all resolve that we shall endeavour to uphold the constitution, rule of law and work for the emancipation of the people. I hope that towards this end all institutions of the state will work in harmony,” he added. Zardari reiterated his resolve to fight separate laws for the privileged and the unprivileged in the society. “Let us dedicate ourselves to upholding the independence of judiciary in accordance with the constitution and the guidelines given in the Charter of Democracy.” “Unless there is rule of law and every one is equal before law, the future of our great

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 country will be exposed to internal and external threats,” he added. “I pray to Almighty Allah to bless our efforts to prove ourselves worthy of the heritage bequeathed to us by the Quaid-eAzam,” the president said. National unity: In his message on Pakistan Day, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani called for placing national unity and integrity above all other considerations in the current circumstances. Gilani stressed the need for inculcating unity and discipline in every aspect of life both as a nation and as an individual. “Let petty differences be subordinate to higher values of life which demand unity, faith and discipline,” he said. The democratically elected government, he added, was committed to making the country strong, progressive, forward looking, independent and an Islamic welfare state. He said he wanted Pakistan to be an enlightened, tolerant and moderate society that ensured social justice and equal opportunities to all its citizens, irrespective of their caste, creed, colour and gender. Gilani said the nation must remember its forefathers for their unprecedented sacrifices to achieve these objectives. He vowed to continue efforts to eliminate extremism, sectarianism and terrorism from the country.



Special Report

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Water and Food shortage in Pakistan
by: Rizwan Saleem (Industrial Option) Muzayyan Manzoor Student F.C. College At Industrial Option, we have been writing about many critical issues facing Pakistan. However, we feel that there is a serious lack of awareness about the two silent tsunamis of Water Shortage and Food Shortage which are just around the corner and we need to write a lot more about them. Specially, the water shortage issue has not been given attention it needs. If appropriate steps are not taken we could see a water shortage situation even worse than the current power crisis as soon as 2012-13. Both issues, closely inter-linked with each other, are perhaps the greatest threats facing human beings today and absolutely critical for the survival of Pakistan. Unfortunately, the new government so far has not been doing much about it. After abruptly abandoning Kala Bagh Dam project recently and despite tall claims, no concrete plans have yet been made public that how the water shortage issue will be tackled. PPP led coalition seems to be too busy in unnecessarily prolonging judicial crisis, protecting NROs and complaining about the aftermath of Musharraf’s 9 years who btw, still has no plans to show mercy on people of Pakistan despite clear message on 18th February. There have been alarming reports by World Bank, State Bank and the UN Food Programme, warning Pakistan about the upcoming severe water shortage and food crisis. Some experts believe that Pakistan could face Somalia and Ethiopia like famine situation if drastic measures are not taken. considered to have an abundance of quality water, but a recent World Bank report stated that Pakistan was among the 17 countries that were currently facing a water shortage. In most big cities of Pakistan today, people can’t get water supply at homes without using electric motors/pumps. In a city like Lahore, on average, we get water supply 3-4 hours per day and that too with the help of electric motor. During last 10 years or so, while we have been concentrating on Peace Process, taking U-turns on Kashmir with no results, promoting people to people contacts and releasing Kashmir Singhs, everyone else around us, realizing the water crisis have been building dams. India has silently built 62 small and medium size dams on rivers which are supposed to be Pakistan’s as per Indus Water Treaty. Similarly, China alone is building 95 major dams with a height of 200 feet or more, Turkey is constructing 51 large dams flowed by Iran with 48, Japan with 40 and India with 10 large dams. The Sindh Tas Water Council has recently warned that the country may face acute shortage of food and that the famine situation may crop up owing to the decreasing water resources. According to Sindh Tas Water Council Pakistan Chief Organizer M. Yousuf Sarwar, the biggest issue between Pakistan and India after the Kashmir is river water and India is expediting the construction work of dams an barrages on the remaining rivers of Pakistan. The past government of Pakistan did nothing in this regard to forbid India from doing this. Yousuf Sarwar said at least 405 canals and 124 distributaries of Pakistan would dry up in the wake of Baglihar Dam construction and large swathes ranging millions of hectares of land will turn arid. He cautioned that Terbela and Mangla are at the dead level for the past two decades, adding 38 million acres of land are being spoiled without having enough water. Yousuf Sarwar pleaded the new government to prevent India from constructing new dams and take resort to the world court in this connection. According to official government reports the per capita availability of water has gradually dwindled from 5,260-cubic metres in 1951 to 1,100-cubic metres in the current years, and is estimated to reach 550-cubic metres in 2025. However, this is also because of the fact that population of Pakistan was 33.80 million in 1951 which has now increased to 170 million. If we go by the current population increase ratio, by 2025, Pakistan will require almost double the currently available water. It must also be noted that currently, only 55% of Pakistan’s total population has access to clean drinking water. According to the World Bank, Pakistan is currently close to using up all its surface and ground water. At present, Pakistan only stores 30 days of its river water, India stores 120 days, Egypt stores 400 days, while the Colorado River in the US stores 900 days of river water. The new reservoirs will not only push Pakistan’s economy aggressively forward and according to World Bank statistics, every new dam built by the country will add four to five percent to Pakistan’s GDP. New reservoirs are also

Water Shortage

Only a few decades ago, Pakistan was

Special Report considered vital to save the industrial sector from the consequences of a water shortage. There are over half a million small and big industrial units in the country and the estimated usage of water by all industries is 3.5 million acre feet at present but this demand is also going to continue increasing in line with ambitious production targets. Yet simultaneous measures to ensure the contamination of existing water supplies by these industries are still not being given the attention they need. Almost same is the case with energy generation. Pakistan’s electricity demand is increasing by approximately seven percent annually, due to which the need for new water reservoirs is considered urgent. It has been calculated that Pakistan has 50,000 MW of hydro-power potential, but it is merely harnessing 14 percent against its total current requirement of 20,000 MW. Most developed countries produce 7080% of their power from water projects and our neighbors India and China about 30% which costs around 1 rupee per unit. We on the other hand, are relying more on expansive thermal power generation which is almost 8-9 times costly and also causes major environmental pollution. By building new dams, we can even further bring the per unit price down and also fulfill the needs of agriculture sector. Although, government is claiming that it is also possible to bring down thermal energy cost by making use of one of the largest coal resources in Thar but still experts are convinced that water is the most viable and cheapest way to produce electricity. And besides, given the state of the environment, it is no longer feasible for even developing countries to merely brush aside the sustainability costs of energy production. The coal resources can be utilized in the industrial sectors or even a replacement for oil. The situation is such that one doesn’t have to a rocket scientist to understand that the only way to control energy crisis and provide people with quality drinking water is to increase the water storage capacity. has increased from 60 million to 77 million. This is almost half of the total population of the country. We remember as kid we used to get a lot of free stuff like tomatoes, hari mirch and dhaniya whenever we bought vegetables but not anymore. While India and China have been controlling their exports (like putting complete ban on rice export), the policy makers in Pakistan have taken outstanding decisions like last year when they first exported so called excessive wheat and then imported it back on double price. Same is expected with rise and maize. According to the president of the World Bank Robert Zoelick the increasing prices of food items would further make things worse for the 100 million people across the world. As per his estimates within the next three years another 100 million people across the world will join the ranks of the poor due to possible doubling of food prices. He has stressed effective steps to counter the coming new international crisis. He has also stressed that the rich countries should also provide funds for the production of food crops. Under the present circumstances 40 countries are facing crisis like situation due to increase in the prices of food items. This crisis has also resulted in creating social problems. Majority of population in a poor country like Pakistan spends 70 per cent of their income on food items. But the present situation, particularly the increasing oil prices, has badly affected their income and expenditure balance. As on one hand there is a rapid increase in the price of food items and on the other their income has stayed limited. We had the chance to read the State Bank of Pakistan’s quarterly report published in May 2008 and it has alarming details of the danger of having a lower overall produce of important crops in the year 2008 as compared to the last fiscal year has increased. There is a danger that this year wheat production can also remain very low. Due to the reduced produce of important crops the annual growth rate would also remain less than the target. It is projected that Pakistan will have a wheat deficit of 12 million tons per annum by 2012-13 - or in other words 31% of the projected target. Imagine the seriousness of situation in human terms as

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 if these stats are true, we will have a large number of really hungry people in Pakistan. Experts are suggesting that oil import bill is increasing but none of the governments has ever paid attention to the mass-transit system or seriously improving public transport system which can really help us in current situation. Due to mismanagement and increase in the international prices of oil and food items countries like Pakistan are facing multiple problems. It is absolutely vital that the government took immediate measures to curb the rising inflation and address the problems of the poor people of the country. Few weeks ago, the minister for Water and Power Raja Pervez Ashraf announced steps to control energy crisis and loadshedding which unfortunately have not been implemented at all, probably because of absence of governance in Pakistan these days. Whether another claim of the same minister about ending energy crisis by August 2009 becomes a reality or not still remains to be seen. I think without wasting anymore time, we must give more attention to water conservation and preventing water loss within the existing irrigation system, besides trying to increase water supplies. Emergency awareness campaigns should be initiated to encourage people to use water carefully and implement save electricity plans before it is too late. Projects like the Mangla Dam Raising, Mirani Dam, Gomal Zam Dam, Subakzai Dam and Satpara Dam are simply not enough to meet the rising demands. New mega water storage reservoirs needs to be built and steps must be taken to stop India from building dams on rivers that belong to Pakistan as per Indus-Water Treaty of 1960. It is not surprising that UN keep on warning that during next 25 years, major conflicts between countries like India and Pakistan could be on water resources. As very rightly put in an editorial of a local newspaper, “Either we put pettifogging and pernicious rivalries and narrow political advancements on hold and start building dams and their associated hydro-electric works, or Pakistan is within sight of beginning to starve to death”.


Food Shortage

Food shortage is another silent tsunami and becoming a global phenomena these days. World Bank reports suggest that we are among the 36 countries where there is serious threat of food crisis. According to the World Food Programme, the number of those suffering from food crisis in Pakistan



Industrial Option | April - May 2009 the situation, and propose actions based on this analysis. In a group, leaders help keep participants focused by asking appropriate questions. Do we have the information we need to analyze this situation? Can we focus on figuring out the causes of the problem we’re trying to solve?

3. Learn from experience--while it’s happening

Teams often plow ahead on a project, then conduct a review at the end to figure out what they learned. But it’s more effective for teams (or individuals) to learn as they go along. Anyone who prompts the group to engage in regular minireviews and learn from them is playing a de facto leadership role. Why is this ongoing process more effective than an after-action review? The events are fresh in everyone’s mind. And the team can use what they learn from each minireview to make needed adjustments to their work processes or their goals.

How to Lead when you’re not the Boss
by: Shehzad Nagina Real leadership is never a matter of mere formal authority. Leaders are effective when other people acknowledge them as such--by listening seriously to their ideas, valuing and following their suggestions for action, and turning to them for advice. Opportunities to lead aren’t limited to times when you have formal authority over a particular team or venture. When you step forward and demonstrate leadership, you will contribute value to the project or enterprise--and strengthen your leadership skills. In their book Lateral Leadership: Getting Things Done When You’re Not the Boss (2nd ed., Profile Books, 2004), Harvard negotiation specialist Roger Fisher and coauthor Alan Sharp lay out a useful five-step method for leading when you are not formally in charge. Its steps can be applied to virtually any project you’re involved in or team or meeting you participate in.

4. Engage others

A high-performing team engages the efforts of every member, and effective team leaders seek out the best fit possible between members’ interests and the tasks that need doing. Suggest writing down a list of chores and matching them up with individuals or subgroups. If no one wants a particular task, brainstorm ways to make that task more interesting or challenging. Help draw out the group’s quieter members so that everyone feels a part of the overall project.

1. Establish goals

People accomplish the most when they have a clear set of objectives. It follows that any group’s first order of business is to write down exactly what it hopes to achieve. The person who asks the question “Can we start by clarifying our goals here?”-- and who then assumes the lead in discussing and drafting those goals--is automatically taking a leadership role, whatever his or her position.

5. Provide feedback

2. Think systematically

Observe your next meeting: people typically plunge right into the topic at hand and start arguing over what to do. Effective leaders, by contrast, learn to think systematically--that is, they gather and lay out the necessary data, analyze the causes of

If you’re not the boss, what kind of feedback can you provide? One thing that’s always valued is simple appreciation-”I thought you did a great job in there.” Sometimes, too, you’ll be in a position to help people improve their performance through coaching. Effective coaches ask a lot of questions: “How did you feel you did on this part of the project?” They recognize that people may try hard and fail anyway: “What made it hard to accomplish your part of the task?” They offer thoughtful suggestions for improvement, being careful to explain the observation and reasoning that lie behind them.


Protecting from Terrorists ...?
We believe that there is an alternative to DRONES which is to work on social and economical capacity building by providing business and educational opportunities and skills to those alienated from society.



Industrial Option | April - May 2009 by: Manzoor Malik Dr. Khalid Malik Phd Finance USA solutions, advocate for change, and monitor implementation. Through such a process of private sector advocacy, chambers of commerce not only improve economic regulations, they also strengthen participatory democratic institutions. Highlighting this link between democratic and economic development is crucial in that it is impossible to build a functioning market economy in an environment where business is barred from participation in policy design and implementation. Emphasizing private sector advocacy, private sector economic development models have shown that a grassroots approach to reform must be implemented before ambitions of sustained economic growth are realized. In the same way, this economic theory is also giving rise to the concept of business leadership – the ability of the business community not only to work with government to address various development concerns but also to lead the reform initiatives. The business-government relationship model has evolved dramatically over the past several decades, as many countries have struggled to define their own founding blocks of a prosperous market economy. Command-style economies, where business simply responds to government reform initiatives and is barred from participating in policymaking, have proven to be ineffective in creating a viable private sector that can endure fair competition or participate in the global economy. This has been demonstrated by the fall of the Soviet Union and the state of disarray that rules the remaining command-style economies. Similarly, crony or relationship market economies, where only a few insider firms have unchecked access to policymakers and enjoy favourable rules and treatment, have also failed to bring sustained economic benefits to markets and countries, as evidenced by a string of financial crises that have exposed the dangers of relationship capitalism in the late 1990s. However, among the failures of some countries and economic success of others, one model has proven to be the most effective in generating economic growth: the model of a participatory economic system. In this model, business participates in the creation and implementation of economic policies and does not simply react to regulations produced behind closed doors or behave as

Its power and goals
Most people, including Chamber Of Commerce members, would be astonished to learn the extent of power that FPCCI exerts over international , national, state and local policies. It is common knowledge that the Chamber has lobbyists in Karachi, Islamabad and state legislatures, and that it is active in local communities. These activities are no secret. They can be noticed by the casual observer, and are expected by members. But there is a great deal more which must be understood in order to gain a concept of the real power of the Chamber of Commerce -- not only over commerce, education, religion, technology, industry, agriculture, transportation, medicine, communication, labor and government. To understand this power we have to look beyond the local communities to the Chamber’s national and international activities, and to Chamber ties with other organizations, both governmental and non-governmental.

tion was needed, one that could blanket not only government, but professions, unions, educational institutions, farms, industries, sciences, religions and even families. An organization was sought which could bring about the cooperation and commercialization of all of these. A strong controllable National blanket organization was needed.

Proposed role and creation of Allied organizations under FPCCI

The Unification of Chambers

The FPCCI is not one, but many organizations. There are local Chambers of Commerce in communities and other relevant associations and bodies. These are blanketed by the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry. Once the FPCCI was set up, individual Chambers of Commerce all over the country were invited to join and allowed it to represent and inform them. Such invitations are usually eagerly accepted. No one likes to be left out, and most people like to feel they are part of a big, important group. Local Chambers joined, and the FPCCI leaders were able to claim the right to make policy for many individual Chambers.

Business associations, councils and chambers of commerce have a unique and important role to play in building democratic systems. They are the voice of business, advocating business needs and concerns and solutions to problems to the government, community leaders, the media, and the general public. No one knows better what is good for business than a business person, and then business people together can be more effective in effecting change than one alone. This is the foundation upon which chambers of commerce are built. Chambers of commerce are uniquely positioned to address some of the pressing needs of business communities. Issues of corruption and corporate governance remain at the top of the business agenda in countries across the globe because bad governance and widespread corruption reduce competitiveness, divert investments, limit productive potential of companies, and impose additional costs of doing business. While it is difficult for individual companies to systematically address these problems, which stem from weak institutional environments, chambers can be more effective in mobilizing the resources and knowledge to effect change. Chambers of commerce and other types of professional business associations play a pivotal role in building a foundation for sustainable economic development. That role stems from their ability to unite the business community around a set of common issues, identify key problems, develop

Early incarnations of FPCCI – Motives behind the scene

The Chamber sought to commercialize the country under its own direction. To do this it needed to find ways to affect and bypass operating policies of provinces and localities. To change national policies, and even laws, required popular support and collective action. A new type of blanket organiza-


FPCCI a puppet in the hands of government officials. Although the section above illustrates the role of chambers within the national and global economic framework and in democratic decision-making, there is another aspect of chambers’ role that we must consider. In addition to being the drivers of economic change and instruments of democratic process, chambers also need to fulfil their organizational role by serving the interests of their members in an effective manner. Mistakenly, many view these challenges as two separate issues, but the two are part of the same equation. They both focus on creating effective chambers of commerce that build a better environment for doing business – an environment where business (chamber members) is not overburdened by opaque regulations; where it has access to policymakers; where there are opportunities to grow, engage in productive activities, and attract investment; and where it can effectively voice its concerns and offers suggestions.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 tinued then the viability and authenticity of FPCCI would be a question at large. In such a condition, DGTO operating with less and untrained staff would not be accountable in any way before public. There is dire need to hyperlink all activities of Associations, Chambers, Business Councils and other professional organizations to feed proper and up-to-date information to both DGTO and FPCCI. If such a trend grows then it would be far easy for both FPCCI and DGTO to work up-tomark and chalk out opportunities and problems altogether.

Steps to be taken

As show in figure, It is imperative for both FPCCI and DGTO (Director General Trade Organizations) to work in cohesion. It is noted and widely accepted that the powers exercised by some allied organizations do not confirm to standards upon which FPCCI was created. There are no intermediate information channels available to DGTO to check or otherwise notify underperforming organizations. As a result, specially business councils are operating for personal rather national gains. If such a trend con-

Be Pakistani Develop Pakistan

DGTO Powers Based on Newly Proposed Board as Following:
Four Wings to be Established: 1. International Trade Watchdog (Getting Trade Information from World & Passing to Chambers and Associations) 2. Key Informer on Pakistan’s Potential Resources (Update to Country Chambers) 3. Dispersing of Official Policies to Chambers & Association – Country Wide Visits to all Trade Bodies for Performance Check 4. Trade Delegations Arrangement & Promotion in coordination with country chambers.

Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


SCCI Welcomes Mr. Imran Khan:
The 5th Chancellor of Bradford University and acclaimed social personality
It is an honor for us to see Mr. Imran Khan at Sheikhupura Chamber of Commerce & Industry office. We do not claim this as an achievement but better relate it to work we are doing and inviting those whom we think are worth inspiring, said Mr. Manzoor Ul Haq Malik, President Sheikhupura CCI. A brief profile of Mr. Imran Khan Mr. Imran Khan played for the Pakistani cricket team from 1971 to 1992 and served as its captain intermittently throughout 1982-1992. After retiring from cricket at the end of the 1987 World Cup, he was called back to join the team in 1988. At 39, Mr. Imran Khan led his teammates to Pakistan’s first and only World Cup victory in became the chairman of Pakistan Tehreeke-Insaf (Movement for Justice), a small and marginal political party, of which he is the only member ever elected to Parliament. He represented Mianwali as a member of the National Assembly from November 2002 to October 2007. Mr. Imran Khan, through worldwide fundraising, helped establish the Shaukat Mr. Imran Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre in 1996 and Mianwali’s Namal College in 2008.

1992. He has a record of 3807 runs and 362 wickets in Test cricket, making him one of six world cricketers to have achieved an ‘All-rounder’s Triple’ in Test matches. In April 1996, Mr. Imran Khan founded and

Social work

For more than four years after retiring from cricket in 1992, Mr. Imran Khan focused his efforts solely on social work. By 1991,


Events @ SCCI he had founded the Shaukat Mr. Imran Khanum Memorial Trust, a charity organization bearing the name of his mother, Mrs. Shaukat Mr. Imran Khanum. As the Trust’s maiden endeavor, Mr. Imran Khan established Pakistan’s first and only cancer hospital, constructed using donations and funds exceeding $25 million, raised by Mr. Imran Khan from all over the world. Inspired by the memory of his mother, who died of cancer, the Shaukat Mr. Imran Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, a charitable cancer hospital with 75 percent free care, opened in Lahore on 29 December 1994. On 27 April 2008, Mr. Imran Khan’s brainchild, a technical college in the Mianwali District called Namal College, was inaugurated. Namal College was built by the Mianwali Development Trust (MDT), as chaired by Mr. Imran Khan, and was made an associate college of the University of

Industrial Option | April - May 2009 in English first-class cricket. He was also named Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1983, Sussex Cricket Society Player of the Year in 1985, and the Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year in 1990. Mr. Imran Khan is currently placed at Number 8 on the alltime list of the ESPN Legends of Cricket. On 5 July 2008, he was one of several veteran Asian cricketers presented special silver jubilee awards at the inaugural Asian cricket Council (ACC) award ceremony in Karachi.

form and declarations include: Islamic values, to which he rededicated himself in the 1990s; liberal economics, with the promise of deregulating the economy and creating a welfare state; decreased bureaucracy and anti-corruption laws, to create and ensure a clean government; the establishment of an independent judiciary; overhaul of the country’s police system; and an anti-militant vision for a democratic Pakistan.

Awards and honours

Bradford in December 2005. Currently, Mr. Imran Khan is building another cancer hospital in Karachi, using his successful Lahore institution as a model. While in London, he also works with the Lord’s Taverners, a cricket charity.

In 1992, Mr. Imran Khan was honoured with Pakistan’s prestigious civil award, the Hilal-i-Imtiaz. Before that, he had received the President’s Pride of Performance Award in 1983. Mr. Imran Khan is featured in the University of Oxford’s Hall of Fame and has been an honorary fellow of Oxford’s Keble College. On 7 December 2005, Mr. Imran Khan was appointed the fifth Chancellor of the University of Bradford, where he is also a patron of the Born in Bradford research project. In 1976 as well as 1980, Mr. Imran Khan was awarded The Cricket Society Wetherall Award for being the leading all-rounder

On 8 July 2004, Mr. Imran Khan was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2004 Asian Jewel Awards in London, for “acting as a figurehead for many international charities and working passionately and extensively in fund-raising activities. On 13 December 2007, Mr. Imran Khan received the Humanitarian Award at the Asian Sports Awards in Kuala Lumpur for his efforts in setting up the first cancer hospital in Pakistan. In 2009, at International Cricket Council’s centennial year celebration, Mr. Imran Khan was one of fifty-five cricketers inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.

Political work

A few years after the end of his professional career as a cricketer, Mr. Imran Khan entered electoral Mr. Imran Khan’s most prominent political supporters are women and the youth. On 25 April 1996, Mr. Imran Khan founded his own political party called the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) with a proposed slogan of “Justice, Humanity and Self Esteem.” Mr. Imran Khan, who contested from 7 districts, and members of his party were universally defeated at the polls in the 1997 general elections.


Mr. Imran Khan’s proclaimed political plat-

Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


American Consulate Officers Visit SCCI
Mr. Metthew D Lowe Political Economic officer and Mr. Mark S Palermo Economic Officer of American Consulate
Welcoming Address: On behalf of the executive committee of the Chamber, office bearers, members of general body, Mr. Shahzad Nagina Chairman Sheikhupura Association of Industry (SAI) Mr. Naveed Anwar Sheikh Secretary General SAI and on my own behalf, I very cordially welcome the guest from American Consulate Lahore. This is indeed a very special occasion for the Sheikhupura Chamber which is located in one of the biggest industrial area. There are around 1400 industries working in the district. The size and type of the industry also varies from heavy industry to small units. There are such heavy units present which house their own grid stations and some other’s generate their own power. The Sheikhupura Chamber is a Custodian of every unit present and working in district Sheikhupura. Coming to trade there are around 30,000 commercial outlets providing every thing of daily use. District Sheikhupura is the home of world’s the best and finest rice being produced, processed and exported. Wheat, Sugar Cane and Rapeseed are major agricultural products. The Sheikhupura Chamber has become active in the year 2007 and within the period of two years we have developed considerably. Membership is growing day by day. People are now aware of their rights and duties and they ask questions. Sir, We understand that as a world leader, United States is dominating the rest of the world by its economic supremacy and its technology. By this domination, the United States must deliver towards the reformation of the system being practiced in the world. It is a healthy sign that the world is forwarding financial assistance through the system instead of delivering it to the individuals. This universe is being operated through a system of the ALLAH. It is the system which is sustainable and which prevails. We also think that it is the economic activity which can become a tool in the progress of the society and its social values. With the shun of the economic acting, Poverty comes and poverty brings violence and


Events @ SCCI non tolerance in the behavior of individual who in turn disturb the society. The professional training of the labour to a skill is also very important. The institution for the value added vocational training could not be established in Pakistan. This is the high time that we train people who due to their unemployment are inclined towards crime and terrorism. We therefore very rightly think that the united state may play its positive role to 1. 2. Strengthen the system and not the individuals. Promote economic and business activities in the country. 3. Promote educational system for an open society based on dialogue and discussion instead of non tolerance and violence. Help establishing value added vocational training institutes for human resource development.

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Remarks by guests:
In the meeting various topics concerning to United States and Pakistan were discussed and guests appreciated SCCI’s endeavors for growth and development of business and industry. However, special emphasis given on following: • Business Visas


In the end, again welcoming you in the Chamber, we are also thankful to you to wish for an interaction. We hope that a close liaison may be established. Manzoor ul Haq Malik President

Guests agreed that there are applicationprocessing delays in business visas at Washington. However, they pledged to enlist their support to Sheikhupura business and industrialist community for fast visa processing. • Student Visas

Guests encouraged students pursuing higher education in United States and said that students who meet qualification criteria of US universities are normally processed. • Business & Industrial Growth

Guests enlisted their special support to Sheikhupura business community and industry by adding that Pakistan is abundant with raw material and acquisition of technology to convert raw material to value added products could immensely contribute to Pakistan business and industrial growth. Moreover, they supported business and chambers connect initiative of Sheikhupura Chamber and added that US would try its best to contribute in this as well. • USAID, sports and other initiatives

Guest encouraged using USAID resources for the promotion of sports, community uplift and entrepreneurship.

Pakistan is Enriched by resources but we need to Value Add Skills and make Clarity in Govt. Policies

Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


Federal Minister for State of Industries Dr. Ayat ullah Durani upon his visit to SCCI pledging to provide local Ferro Ore to the Steel Industry of Sheikhupura

Dr. Ayat ullah Durani listening to the Industrialists problems of Sheikhupura Industrial Area

The Federal Minister is being welcomed by the members of Sheikhupura Chamber


Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

The Federal Minister for State of Communication Chaudhry Imtiaz Safdar Waraich is being welcomed by the members of Sheikhupura Chamber

President SCCI Manzoor ul Haq Malik presenting a brief Memorandum on Industrial and Trade issues

Federal Minister is visiting the Office Sheikhupura Chamber

Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


Group Photo of Presidents of CCI Punjab at Sialkot Chamber

President SCCI is enumerating the problems of the Trade issues

President Sialkot Chamber is presenting the Souvenir to President Sheikhupura Chamber


Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

High official of LAFCO are responding to the Chamber’s objections

The member of SCCI Amir Azam Bukht is explaining the issues regarding the Lahore-Sheikhupura Road

At the Restoration of Judiciary SCCI & SAI officials congratulate to Bar officials at Dist. Bar Sheikhupura

Events @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009


President SCCI is presenting the Souvenir to Ex-Principle of Govt. College Sheikhupura

Principle of Govt. College Sheikhupura is presenting the Souvenir to President SCCI

President and Secretary General SCCI are offering Fatiah at the Demise of Father of Sheikh Ayub Secretary Press Club Sheikhupura


Problems @ SCCI

Industrial Option | April - May 2009

Motorway Interchange can play an important role in developing a better business environment at Lahore – Sheikhupura Road Industrial Area.
The Motorway Interchange at Lahore - Sheikhupura Road was sanctioned on September 28, 2006 on the demand of Sheikhupura Association of Industry by the then Chief Minister Punjab. Despite passing of three long years, the Interchange could not be made operative. The Faizpur Interchange was operating where no Industry exists. The Industrial Logistics come from Faizpur Interchange as well as the Kala Shah consuming extra time, fuel & Toll Texas. A distance of 12 Kilometers runs from the populated area Like Shahdra and Kot Abdul Malik posing a great danger while Volatile and Acidic Liquid and Gas carrying containers pass through this road. The opening of Sheikhupura Road Interchange is great need of the time. It is now evident that the officials of the Govt. are impending the opening despite the request to the President, Prime Minister, Federal Ministers, Chief Minister. A collective and individual request was also made from the chambers of Punjab to Mian Nawaz Sharif.

SCCI Website is just click away!


Justice can Crush these Blunders

Unaccountable Discretionary powers force to choose one or all blunders as per value of file.