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You are on page 1of 17

PREPARED BY

Pawan Singh

Engineering

SYLLABUS

In this practical course students will carry out a design oriented project work using

various analog/ digital building blocks which they have already studied in their analog

electronic/ digital electronic courses such as Electronic circuits, integrated circuits and

filter design. The project may include but not restricted to any of the following:

2. Universal OTA biquad

3. Amplitude control or stabilization applied to any sinusoidal oscillators

4. Op-amp/ OTA based function generator

5. Any application of log/antilog circuits

6. Any applications of analog multiplier/ divider

7. Any digital system design and its hardware implementation using TTL/ CMOS ICs

8. Any circuit idea (not studied in the course) using 555 Timer in conjunction with any

other ICs

include

2. Make hardware and measure various parameters.

3. Simulation in Spice of the designed circuit.

4. Comparison of measured and simulated results.

5. A report is to be made for evaluation.

JRE GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS,GREATER NOIDA

Experiment No. 1

THEORY:

OTA may also be described as being a voltage to current converter or voltage controlled

current source (VCIS). A conventional Op-APM can be used as a transmission conductance

amplifier for this purpose monolithic IC is specially designed. Such devices are called OTAs

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

PROCEDURE:

1. Connect the circuit as shown in fig and set power supply to + 15 volts

2. Set the signal generator at sine wave to 1KHz

3. Connect oscilloscope to the output of op-amp

4. Measure and record the peak to peak output signal voltage Vo and input signal Vin to

amplifier and record the phase of input with the phase of output.

RESULT:

The OTA was studied in inverting configuration and it different parameters were

observed on oscilloscope.

PRICAUTIONS:

JRE GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS,GREATER NOIDA

Experiment No. 2

APPARATUS:

i) OTA kit

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

JRE GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS,GREATER NOIDA

Experiment No. 3

OBJECT: To study an Amplitude control or stabilization applied to any sinusoidal oscillators

APPARATUS:

i) OTA kit

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

Sketch the frequency domain representation for o/p signal and determine the modulating

index.

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Experiment No. 4

APPARATUS:

ii) Ramp Amplitude ( 3 volts)

iii) Op Amp (741)

iv) VSAT (7 volts)

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FORMULA:

1.) Ramp Amplitude V =V R /R

TH SAT 2 3

2.) f = 1 / T

T = 2R C ln[(V + V ) / (V - V )]

1 1 SAT TH SAT TH

3.) R C = T / 2 / ln[(V +V ) / (V - V )]

1 1 SAT TH SAT TH

4

5.) C = i / (2V f )

2 I SAT L

6.) R = 10 / (2fC )

5 2

7.) R = 1 / [(1/R ) + (1/R )]

6 4 5

Practical design techniques for Differentiator circuit

8.) R = 25Vo(+max) / I

8 SC

9.) C = Vo(+max)t / (R V )

3 8 I

R8

10). R7

C 3 f UG

11.) C = 10C

5 3

C3

C4

12) 8R8 f UG

OBSERVATION:

R and R establish the amplitude of the ramp voltage for the oscillator

2 3

R and C determine the frequency of oscillation

1 1

R establishes the basic range of operation for the integrator circuit

4

C is used in integration of the triangle wave

2

R acts as an active filter

5

R is the parallel combination of R and R

6 4 5

R and C act as an active filter

7 4

R establishes the basic range of operation for the differentiator circuit

8

R maintains equal DC resistances in both of the op amp input terminals

9

C reduces the gain at high-noise frequencies and yet minimize the effect

4

on normal circuit frequencies

C ensures that R will be effectively bypassed for all usable circuit frequencies

5 9

C is used in differentiation of the triangle wave

3

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Experiment No. 5

OBJECT: To study any application of log/antilog circuits

APPARATUS:

i) OTA kit

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Fast Log

Generator

Anti-Log

Generator

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

JRE GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS,GREATER NOIDA

Experiment No. 6

OBJECT: Any applications of analog multiplier/ divider

APPARATUS:

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Multiplier/Divider

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Experiment No. 7

OBJECT: Any digital system design and its hardware implementation using TTL/ CMOS

ICs

APPARATUS:

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Experiment No. 8

OBJECT: Any circuit idea (not studied in the course) using 555 Timer in conjunction with

any other ICs

APPARATUS:

ii) LM 3080

iii) Resistors(47k,100k) 0hm

iv) Capacitors(10uF)

v) Function generator

vi) Oscilloscope

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FORMULA:

OBSERVATION:

CALCULATION:

RESULT:

PRICAUTIONS:

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