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Q1. What is the contribution of F.W Taylor in Management?

Ans. F. W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer completed his degree in Mechanical
Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1883. He is well known as the father of scientific

Works of Frederick Winslow Taylor

1. Notes on Belting in 1893.

2. A Piece Rate System in June 1895.

3. Concrete, Plain and Reinforced in 1906.

4. On the Art of Cutting Metals December 1906.

5. The Principles of Scientific Management series of articles published in The American

Magazine During March-May 1911, later published in book form.

6. The making of a putting green a series of articles published in 1915.

7. Not for the genius but for the average man published in The American Magazine in March

Taylors Contribution to Scientific Management

His contribution to management theory is very significant for he says in his famous book
The Principles of Scientific Management that he was writing this paper for three purposes;

First. To point out, through a series of simple illustrations, the great loss which the whole country is
suffering through inefficiency in almost all of our daily acts.

Second. To try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lies in systematic
management, rather than in searching for some unusual extraordinary man.

Third. To prove that the best management is a true science resting upon clearly defined laws, rules
and principles, as a foundation. And further to show that the fundamental principles of scientific
management are applicable to all kinds of human activities, from our simplest individual acts to the
work of our great corporations which calls for the most elaborate co-operation. And briefly through a
series of illustrations, to convince the reader that whenever these principles are correctly applied,
results must follow which are truly astounding.

He developed his theory emphasizing the new philosophy of management responsibility for planning
and supervision and formulating of rules, formula, etc. in connection with labor and machine
techniques, which would result in lower cost to the employer and a higher return to labour. Taylor's
chief contribution to the development of management theory was an application of scientific method
to problems of management. His emphasis on the study of management from the point of view of
shop management led to the overlooking of "the more general aspects of management, particularly
in the United States and Great Britain."
Taylor has defined scientific management as follows:

"Scientific management is concerned with knowing exactly what you want men to do and
then see in that they do it in the best and cheapest way."

( F.W.Taylor, Scientific Management, New York: Harper Brothers, 1911)

F.W Taylors Principles of Scientific Management

The principles of Scientific Management are:

1. Replacing rule of thumb with science.

2. Obtaining harmony in group action rather than discord.

3. Co-operation rather than chaotic individualism.

4. Increase in production and productivity instead of restricted production.

5. Development of workers by providing training.