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c  

|Ê ¯  

 
th
Nightingaleandhernursesrovidedaretothe # entury
siandinjured. |Ê  ¯!

 Ã
|Ê  ¯¯ 

  |Ê tiveintherotestoveentforoen!sright
Notablenursesduringtheeriodere: thatresultedinalloingoentovote.
Ê  
  N
ofhiseole |Ê   ¯! 

 
Ê  N
   |Ê
stablishedthefrontiernursingservieto
Ê  
  N rovidefailyenteredriaryhealtharetorural
Ê   theunion oulation.
|Ê    erianritishandrenh 
volunteeredtheirservies. "#$%&'%()&#"*+"*$,-.,"/"00"*-#
|Ê   adetNurseorsasestablishedto 1&/'-/"-(#1*2.&13$"3-#
addresstheauteshortageofaregiver. |Ê iseaseandtheirausesandtreatentere
ratialNurses͟aidesandtehniianrovideduh shrouded$ystiisandsuerstition.
oftheatualnursingare. |Ê eliefsaboutausationofdisease
|Ê  ofilitaryoenerenely oÊ nothererson%aneneyorithÃ
graduatednurses. oÊ
vil irits
 |Ê eolebelievedthatevilsiritsouldbedriven
oietal ttitudestoardstheNursingrofession aaybyersons$oerstoexeldeons.
 !s |Ê eolebelievedinseial"odsofhealingith
Ê coen!slaeasinthehouseandno riesthysiianalledorddotors͟as
resetableoanshouldhaveaareer. interediary. ftheyusedleavesorroots,they
Ê Nursesduringtheeriodereoorlyeduated erealledherbdotorsorherbolarios͟.
Ê Negativeattitudestoardsnursesutothe 1&/'¯1&-$%$,-"34
onteorarytieduetoaliteraryortrayalof |Ê erbenerealledherbiheros͟eaningone
 airy"a͟anursehoared͟forthesiby horatiedithraft.
negletingandhysiallyabusingthe. |Ê ersonssufferingfrodiseases$oany
!s identifiedauseerebelievedtobebeithedby
Ê ageofanangeloferyor"uardian ngel theanguula͟orangagaay͟.
beauseoftheorsofNightingale. |Ê iffiulthildbirthandsoediseasesalled
Ê otor!sandaid aao͟ereattributedtononos͟idife
Ê eroinortrayalevolvefronursesatofbravery assistedinhildbirth.
incc  |Ê uringlabortheabutinghilotgoodidife͟
Ê thersinlate!sinludethenursesassex asalledin,ifbirthbeaediffiultithes
objets,surrogateothers,tyrannialothers. eresuosedtobetheause. odisersetheir
!sutoresent influene,gunoerasexlodedfroa
|Ê agesofthenursesirove. babooanetotheheadofthesufferer.
thentury -1/$,¯1&-2)&"*+$,-01*"#, -+"5-
|Ê - ¯
   |Ê hereligiousordersexertedtheireffortstoare
|Ê adyiththela forthesibyguidinghositalsinthedifferent
|Ê irst ientisttheoristforherorNoteon artofthehiliines.
Nursing͟.chatitisandhatitisnot. 
|Ê ¯  
   

stablishthe erianedross. 
|Ê  ¯ 
 
|Ê  eria!ssttrainednurse. 
|Ê  ntroduedNurses!notesanddotor!sorder. 
|Ê nitiatedtheratiesofnursesearing 
unifor. 
|Ê ioneeredorinsyhiatriandindustrial 
nursing. 
|Ê  
 
|Ê   frian erianrofessionalnurse. 
|Ê 
   
|Ê ounderofubliealthNursing. 
he
arliestositalsestablisheretheff: -"/"0"*% -2¯&%##
|Ê . 2-  Ê alolosulaanloationofthenational

stablishainlytoareforthe anish&ing!ssoldiers,but head'uarters.


stablishedbranhesinthe
alsoaditted anishivilians. rovines
oundedby"ov.ranisoe ande -)*3$"%*#%(-"/"0"*% -2¯&%##
|Ê 6 . 
 Ê olletionofarfundsandaterialsthrough
oundedbyrotheruanleenteandasadinistered onerts,haritybazaars,andvoluntary
foranyyearsbytheositalliersof anuandeios; ontributions.rovisionofnursingareto
builtexlusivelyforatientsithlerosy. oundediliinosoldiers.
|Ê .2-
 -9)"&-5-*$#(%&-5:-&#,"0;

stablishedbytheranisanrderservieasingeneral   east)yearsold,agere'uireentforoffier


suortedbyalsandontributionsfroharitable as#*yearsoldofsoundreutation.
ersons.  
|Ê .2-  %#0"$1/#1*23,%%/#%()&#"*+

stablishedinaguna;nearaediinalsring,founded .Ê /%"/%"##"%*%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+/%"/%¯"$'<
byrother.autistaoftheranisanrder. itasranbytheatistoreignissionsoiety
|Ê 72-.  in eria.
oundedby herotherhoodofiseriordiaand "## %#-"3%/-$
adinisteredbytheositalliersof anuandeios; Ê "raduateinNe
nglandositalforcoen
suortasderivedfroalsandrents;rendered andhildreninostonassahusetts
generalhealthservietotheubli. Ê asthefirstsuerintendentfornurses
 ovedtoitsresentloationinarooad, loilo
)&#"*+)&"*+$,-.,"/"00"*- -8%/)$"%* ityin#.
 heroinentersonsinvolvedinnursingors: "##-/%&1&*#$
 Ê an eriannursetoohargeoftheshoolin
.7%#-0,"*-&134-* )#arh)),##nursesgraduated
 cifeofoseizal. nstalledafieldhositalinan ril)),graduatednursetoothefirstNurses
estatehousein ejeros:rovidednursingaretothe boardexainationatthe loiloissionosital.
oundednightandday. 
#. %#1-8"//12-/8-&% #.$.1)/=#%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+1*"/1< 
 onvertedtheirhouseinto'uartersfortheiliino Ê hehositalasestablishedthe rbishoof
soldier,duringthehiliine eriancarthatbroeour anila, heosteverendereiaharty
 . Ê nderthesuervisionofthesistersof t.aulde
(.%*1"/1&"12-+)"*1/2% hartres.
 cifeof
ilio guinaldo;organizediliinoed Ê tasloatedinintraurosandrovided
rossundertheinsirationof olinarioabini. generalhositalservies.
).%*11&"1+%*3"//%2-+)"*1/2% Ê thadafreedisensaryanddentallini.
 eondifeof
ilio guinaldorovidednursing Ê toeneditstrainingshoolfornursesin 
aretoiliinosoldiersduringtherevolution.residentof ith -8 %$,-&-/1*"-assuerintendent.
theiliinoedrossbranhinatangas. (..,"/"00"*--*-&1/%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+
*.-/3,%&19)"*%1*21*+%&1 Ê eganinasasalldisensaryainlyfor
 Nursedtheoundediliinosoldiersandgavethe ivilffiersand
loyees͟intheityof
shelterandfood. anila.
+.¯10"$1*1/%5- Ê tlatergreintoivilosital.
 revolutionaryleaderinNueva
ija;rovided &# 1&'¯%/-51*1#$-&# 
nursingaretotheoundedhennotinobat. Ê neduatoradvoatedforideaoftraining
,.+)-21!1,1:1+1* iliinogirlsfortherofessionofnursing.
 evolutionaryleaderinaguna,alsorovidednursing Ê hefirstoenedadoritoryforgirlsenrolled
serviestohistroos. atthehiliineNoralallandthe
.&"*"212-3#%**1*+"14*11$% niversityofthehiliinesiththe
 tayedinthehositalatianaatotoareforthe arovalof"overnentffiials.
oundedsoldiers. Ê heoenedlassesinnursingunderthe
 ausiesoftheureauof
duation.
 
 
 
 
7)/"1"3,%/#1*2¯,1&/%$$-¯/1'$%*  .,"/"00"*-¯,&"#$"1*"##"%**#$"$)$-3,%%/#%(
Ê aughtthestudentsnursingsubjets. )&#"*+
Ê erianhysiiansalsoservedas Ê he nitedhristianissionary oietyof
leturers. ndianaolis, ndianaarotestantorganization
Ê n, tNo.,+,theivilositalas oftheisilesofhrist.
abolished;thehiliine"eneralosital 
asestablished. hree hoolsofNursing:
Ê heshoolbeaenonasthehiliine  1//"-%*+ -12-5%&"1/%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+
"eneralositalshoolofNursing. %aoag, loosNorte,(Ã
/#"-3¯/%#4-' 13,-#   1&'¯,"/-#%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+%anilaÃ
Ê ntroduedseveraliroveentsintheshool.   -&1*4)**-5%&"1/%#0"$1/%-igan, loos ur,
ourseasadeattrativeandoreratial. #Ã
*1#$13"1"&%* )01# 
Ê irstiliinonursetoouytheositionofhief  1*7)1*2-"%#%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+%anila,(Ã
nurseandsuerintendentinthehiliines. Ê r.enito-aldez
 Ê heboardof nsetorandthe
xeutiveoard
$ )4-=#%#0"$1/%()&#"*+>)-?%*¯"$'<  oftheositalassedaresolutiontooena
Ê san
isoalian nstitution shoolofnursing.
Ê tbeganasasalldisensaryin( "#$-&13"1*1&"*1*-#
Ê n,shooloened$threeiliinogirls Ê hefirstdiretressoftheshool. heshoolis
aditted, runbytheaughtersofharity
Ê hesegirlshadtheirfirstyearinobined 
lasses$thehiliine"eneralosital hool
551*)-/%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+¯10"?<  
ofNursingand t.aul!sosital hoolof Ê n(,the erianatistoreignission
Nursing. oietysentr....errigotoaizforthe
Ê hestthreegraduatesere: uroseofoeningahosital,
Ê ¯¯ Ê heshooloferredathreeyeartraining
 Ê > ourseforanannualfeeof.
 Ê   "##¯"1&1.-2&%#1
"##-/-*"34# Ê casthefirstiliinorinial.
Ê asthefirstrinialof t.ue!sositalof 
Nursing  %)$,-&*#/1*2#%#0"$1/3,%%/%()&#"*+¯-:)<
"$1/"1*1-/$&1* 

Ê asthefirstiliinosuerintendentofnurses Ê hehositalasestablishedinunderthe
7%#--%&-# ureauofealth.
Ê asthefirstiliinoedialdiretorofthe Ê heshooloenedin  nastaia"iron
hosital. uas,astheorganizer.
 Ê "##"#"$13"%*.-&-?asthefirstrinial.
Ê 1&'7%,*#$%*%#0"$1/1*23,%%/)&#"*+ 
1*"/1<  
Ê tstartedasasalldisensaryonalle $,-&3,%%/#%(*)&#"*+-#$1:/"#,-2@-&-1#(%//%@#;
ervantes%no venidaizalÃasalled 
ethanyisensaryasfundedbythe |Ê ]aboanga"eneralosital hoolofNursing%#Ã
ethodistissionforthereliefofsuffering |Ê hinese"eneralosital hoolofNursing%#Ã
aongoenandhildren. |Ê aguio"eneralosital hoolofNursing%#(Ã
&  -:-331.1&&"#,< %#-)2/-'1*2-&$&)2-&-"#:134|Ê anila anitariuandosital hoolofNursing%(Ã
Ê rganizedthearyohnston hoolofNursing |Ê t.aul!s hoolofNursingin loiloity%)+Ã
"##":&1217181/-&1 |Ê North"eneralositaland hoolofNursing%)+Ã
Ê casthefirstiliinoiretoroftheshool |Ê ilian niversity hoolofNursing%),Ã