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Xcnhlulngvctncthitktrmmybmcpnc.

Victhitktrmmybmcpncyucuccksphitnhchnmybmtheolulng,ctpnht
ngngphthucvotieuchuntheothitk.

4.1.Lulngthitk
Lulngthitktrmbmllulnglnmtrmbmphibmln,xcnhtheoyucucabiutnghpnc
ti(hoctiu)theonmtnhtonctnsutbomthitk.
4.2.Ctncthitk
Ctnctrongtiuchunnyttcuchiulchiucaoctnc.
Ctncthitktrmbmlchiucaoctncyucubmivimybmlachnlpt.Ctncthitktrmbm
cxcnhtheocngthc:
HTK=hh+htt(1)
Trong:
HTKlctncthitktrmbm,tnhbngm
hhlctncnhhnh,tnhbngm
httlctnctntht,tnhbngm(baogmtnthtquanghtmybm,ngyvccthitbtrnngng).
4.2.1.Chiucaoctncahnh(hh)lchnhmcncbxvbhtcatrmbm.Trongthctccmcnc
nythngthayitheothigianbmnc.Ctncahnhcxcnhtheocctrnghpcthsau:
ivitrmbmnh,cthlyhhbngchnhgiamcncbxlnnhtvmcncbhtnhnht
ivitrnghptngqutphixcnhctncahnhbnhqun(hhbq)theocccngthcsau:
Khichnhlchmcncbhtvbxthayit:
Hhbq=(2)
Khichnhlchmcncbhtvbxthayinhiu:
Hhbq=(3)
Trong:
Hhbqlctncahnhbnhquncatrmbm,tnhbngm
Qillulngcatrmbmtrongmithikbmnc,tnhbngm3/s
hilctncahnhngvimikbmnc,tnhbngm
tilthigianngvitngthikbmncclulngQivchiucaoctncahnhhi,nvtnhlngy.
CctrsQi,hi,tixcnhtheobiutnghpccqutrnhlulng,mcnc(bhtvbx)theothigiancatrm
bm.Ccngqutrnhnycxcnhquatnhtonthynng,thyvnvthylccanminhnhvitnsutthit
kquynh.

4.2.2.Ctnctntht(htt)ctnhtheocngthc:
Htt=hd+hc(4)
Trong:
hdlctnctnthtdcngtheochiudinghtvngy,tnhbngm
hclctnctnthtccb,tnhbngm.
Vbanuchaxcnhmybmvccthitb,nghtvngy,nnctnctnthttnhtheotrskinhnghimgn
ng:htt=10%n15%ctncahnhhh.
Hoc:
h=(2mn3m)trn1kmchiudingng
hc=0,75mn1,00mnutrmbmlyncknhhochcha
hc=1,0mn1,5mnutrmbmlyncsng.
Trongthcthinnay,cntnhtitnthtccblichnrcdonhhngcarctrncchthngknhmngcah
thngthyli.Mctnthtnyphinhgiquakhostthctvlachnmcdaongt0,3mn0,8mtythuc
volngrcthngctrnknhmngnguncpnccatrmbm.
Thhbqvhttsbchntrn,tnhcHTKtrmbm(vcnglHTKmybm).
Clulngvctncthitktrmbmssbchncmybm,ngngvccthitbtrnngng.Tinhnh
tnhtonlihttkimtraxemccthngskthutcamybmchnphhpcha,nukhngphichnlimybm
chonkhiphhp.
4.2.3.Xcnhctncahnhlnnhtvctncahnhnhnht(chnhlchlnnhtvnhnhtgiamcncbx
vbht)kimtramybmlmvicvnghiusutthp,cxuthinkhithcvngccqutikhng.
Ctncahnhlnnhtbnghiusgiamcnclnnhtbtho(bx)vimcncnhnhtbhttrongnm
thitkthyvntngng.Ctncahnhlnnhtdngtmctncbmlnnhtkhikimtramybmhotng
vnghiusutthp,ckhithcxuthinvquticangc,ctnhtonnhsau:
Hhln=ZlnbthZnnbh(5)
Trong:
Zlnbthlmcnclnnhtbtho(bx),tnhbngm
Znnbhlmcncnhnhtbht,tnhbngm.
Ctncahnhnhnhtcxcnhbnghiusmcncthpnhtbthovimcnclnnhtbhttrongqu
trnhlmviccanmthitkthyvntngng.Ctncahnhnhnhtcngcdngxcnhctncbmnh
nhtvcngkimtramybmvngcnhtrn,ctnhtonnhsau:
hhnn=ZbthnnZbhln(6)
trong:
Zbthnnlmcncbtho(bx)thpnht,tnhbngm
Zbhlnlmcncbhtlnnht,tnhbngm.
4.3.Chnmybm
Cncvoccbiutrangctnhctnc,lulngvcngsutcaccchngloimybmdocchngchtobm
giithiuchnmybm.Stmyphiltnhtvphhpvibiudngnc(hoctiunc).Stmytiu
trongcctrmbmthynngt3n6my.Stmycthcchnlnhnnunh:
Khngcloimybmnolnhn
Thigianacctmyvovnhnhkodihn10nm
Cctnhtonkinhtkthutkhngnhhplcavicchnnhiutmyhn
Trongtrmbmphitccmybmcctnckhcnhau(cpncchocckhuvckhcnhau).
Smybmtrongtrmbmnnlbisca2hoc3ddnghpnhtccngplc.
Cctrmbmticlulngnhhn0,4m3/svcngsutnhhn15kWkhiclunchngringcthtmttmy,
khitrongkhocatrmbmhoctrongkhutrungtmcnctmydphngcthlptthaythtrongtrnghp
cnthit.
VictnhchnmybmcpnchintichngticngtyTNHHSAERVITNAMChuyncungcpnhnggii
phptnhchnmybmcpnc,ttiuchunkthutnht.
CngtyTNHHSAERVITNAM
c:238NguynXinThanhXunHNi
Phone:Mr.Tun0982.808.471

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