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JohannesNikolausTetens
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JohannesNikolausTetens(alsoJohannDanish:Johan
NicolaiTetens16September173617August1807)wasa JohannesNikolausTetens
GermanDanishphilosopher,statisticianandscientist.

Hehasbeencalledthe"GermanLocke,"[4][5]onthebasisof
acomparisonofhismajorworkPhilosophischeVersuche
berdiemenschlicheNaturundihreEntwickelung(1777)
withtheworkofJohnLocke.Heisconsideredtohavebeen
aninfluenceonImmanuelKant.

Contents
1 Biography
2 Works
3 References
4 Externallinks Born 16September1736
Tetenbll,DuchyofSchleswig,
Denmark(inpresentdayEiderstedt,
Biography Nordfriesland,SchleswigHolstein,
Germany)
Tetenswasborn1736inTetenbll/TetenblintheDanish Died 17August1807
DuchyofSchleswig.Hestudiedmathematicsandphysicsat Copenhagen
theUniversityofRostockandtheUniversityofCopenhagen.
HeacquiredinMAin1759andhisPhDin1760.From1760 Almamater UniversityofRostock
to1765,hetaughtphilosophyandphysics("natural UniversityofCopenhagen
philosophy"atthattime)attheUniversityofBtzow(in
Era 18thcenturyphilosophy
Btzow,MecklenburgWesternPomerania).Duringthis
decade,hewrotemanytreatisesonvarioussubjects,ranging Region WesternPhilosophy
fromthecoloroftheskytotheexistenceofGodthroughthe School Phenomenalism[1]
originsoflanguages(seee.g.referencesinJohannChristian
Poggendorff,1863).Afterthispolygraphicformationperiod, Institutions UniversityofBtzow
Tetensgoesbacktomorefundamentalenquiries:after UniversityofKiel
havingreadDavidHume'swork,hepopularizedit Main Naturalphilosophy
throughouttheGermanspeakingworld.Tetensistherefore interests Mathematics
supposedtohaveintroducedImmanuelKantto
Epistemology
phenomenalisticthoughtandtotheempiricism/
Theology
transcendencedualism.
Notable Psychologicalanalysisofthe
In1776,TetensbecameProfessorofPhilosophyatthe ideas
soul[2][3]
UniversityofKiel,whichmighthaveappearedtobehisfinal
professionalposition.Nonetheless,intheyearsfollowing Influences
1789,TetensbegunanothercareerasahighrankingDanish Influenced
civilservant:memberoftheFinanzcollegiumin
Copenhagen,then(1791)counselorofstate,and(1803)co
directorofthestatebankanddirectorofthewidowpensionfunds.Bythistime,hewasinterestedinpure
mathematicsaswellasinapplications.Hisinterestinpolynomialalgebrawasinfluencedbyhisbelongingto
theGermancombinatorialschoolofCarlFriederichHindenburg,ChristianKrampandothers.Hismainapplied
workwasconcentratedonactuarialmathematics.HetaughtatKieluntil1785.

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20/12/2016 JohannesNikolausTetensWikipedia

ThebookEinleitungzurBerechnungderLeibrentenund
Anwartschaften,publishedinLeipzigin1785(firstpart)and1786
(secondpart)wasalandmarkofactuarialscience.Itcontainsan
extensivesynthesisofpreviousworkonthesubject,fromHalley's
mortalitytabletoRichardPrice'sObservationsonreversionary
payments.Itisrecognizedbyactuariesforfeaturingthefirstrisk
measureever(theRisicoderCasse)[6]moreoveritofferssomeinsights
inmathematicalstatistics:byusinganapproximationofthebinomial
distribution,Tetenstriedtocomputetheconfidencelevelofagiven
samplingprocedure.[7]

Works
GedankenvoneinigenUrsachen,waruminderMetaphysiknur
wenigeausgemachteWahrheitensind(1760)
AbhandlungenvondenBeweisendesDaseinsGottes(1761)
UeberdenUrsprungderSpracheundderSchrift(1772)
UeberdieallgemeinespeculativischePhilosophie(1775)
PhilosophischeVersucheberdiemenschlicheNaturundihre
Entwickelung,Vol.1(https://books.google.com/books?id=dmIAA
AAAMAAJ)andVol.2(https://books.google.com/books?id=PCh EinleitungzurBerechnungder
onHVS5JEC)(1777) Leibrenten,1785.
EinleitungzurBerechnungderLeibrentenundAnwarschaftendie
vomLebenoderTodeeinerodermehrererPersonenabhangen
mitTabellenzumpraktischenGebrauch,Vol.1(https://books.google.com/books?id=Ufwr3BAamzIC)
(1785)andVol.2(https://books.google.com/books?id=2ZM5AAAAcAAJ)(1786)
ReisenindieMarschlnderderNordsee(1788)
SprachphilosophischeVersuche(posthum,1971)

References
1.HermanJandeVleeschauwer,ThedevelopmentofKantianthought:thehistoryofadoctrine,T.Nelson,1962,p.86.
2.Tetens,JohannesNicolas,PhilosophischeVersucheberdiemenschlicheNaturundihreEntwickelung.2Vols.
Leipzig,1777.
3.JanRohls,ProtestantischeTheologiederNeuzeit,Volume1,MohrSiebeck,1997,p.201.
4.ManfredKuehn,"HumeandTetens,"HumeStudies,XV.2(November1989),365376,esp.p.368.
5.Cf.theappellationthatwasgiventoKant:the"GermanHume"(ManfredKuehn,Kant:ABiography,CambridgeUP,
2001,p.256).
6.TextoftheVersuchberdasRisicoderCassebeyVersorgungsanstalten,inRisques,n8182,pp.114120
7.PierreCharlesPradier,"L'actuariatausicledesLumires:risqueetdcisionsconomiquesetstatistiques",Revue
conomique54(2003):139156.

Externallinks
MacTutorbiography(http://wwwgroups.dcs.stand.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Tetens.html)atUniversity
ofStAndrews
BiographyintheEncyclopdiaBritannica(http://www.britannica.com/eb/article9071836/JohannesNik
olausTetens)

Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Johannes_Nikolaus_Tetens&oldid=749247871"

Categories: 1736births 1807deaths Germanphilosophers Danishphilosophers


PeoplefromtheDuchyofSchleswig Germanmalewriters

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