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ROADMAP SUPPORTING YOUR CHILD IN GRADE SIX

MATHEMATICS

6

Americas schools The way we taught students in the past simply does not prepare

them for the higher demands of college and careers today and in the

are working future. Your school and schools throughout the country are working to

improve teaching and learning to ensure that all children will graduate

to provide higher high school with the skills they need to be successful.

quality instruction In mathematics, this means three major changes. Teachers will

concentrate on teaching a more focused set of major math concepts

than ever before. and skills. This will allow students time to master important ideas and

skills in a more organized way throughout the year and from one grade

to the next. It will also call for teachers to use rich and challenging math

content and to engage students in solving real-world problems in order

to inspire greater interest in mathematics.

What your child will be In grade six, your child will learn the concept of rates and ratios and use

these tools to solve word problems. Students will work on quickly and

learning in grade six accurately dividing multi-digit whole numbers and adding, subtracting,

mathematics multiplying, and dividing multi-digit decimals. Students will extend their

previous work with fractions and decimals to understand the concept of

rational numbersany number that can be made by dividing one integer

by another, such as , 0.75, or 2. Students will also learn how to write and

solve equationsmathematical statements using symbols, such as

20+x = 35and apply these skills in solving multi-step word problems.

Activities in these areas will include:

U

nderstanding and applying the concepts of ratios and unit rates, and

using the correct language to describe them (for example, the ratio of

wings to beaks in a flock of birds is 2 to 1, because for every 2 wings there

is 1 beak)

B

uilding on knowledge of multiplication and division to divide fractions by

fractions

U

nderstanding that positive and negative numbers are located on

opposite sides of 0 on a number line

A dependent variable is a number U

sing pairs of numbers, including negative numbers, as coordinates for

whose value depends on other locating or placing a point on a graph

factors, while the value of an W

riting and determining the value of expressions with whole-number

independent variable is set. For exponents (such as 15+32)

example, in a problem involving

Identifying and writing equivalent mathematical expressions by applying

a constant speed (such as 60

the properties of operations. For example, recognizing that 2 (3+x) is the

mph), students may be asked

same as 6+2x

how many miles will be travelled

in 30 minutes. Since distance is Understanding that solving an equation such as 2+x = 12 means answering

determined by time, distance is the question, What number does x have to be to make this statement

the dependent variable, and time true?

is the independent variable. R

epresenting and analyzing the relationships between independent and

dependent variables

Solving problems involving area and volume

important part of your childs education. Ask to see a sample of your

with your childs work or bring a sample with you. Ask the teacher questions like:

childs teacher Where is my child excelling? How can I support this success?

What do you think is giving my child the most trouble? How can I

help my child improve in this area?

What can I do to help my child with upcoming work?

Here are just a few examples of how students will learn about and work with fractions in

grade six.

Add and subtract fractions with Divide fractions by fractions Add, subtract, multiply, and

different denominators (bottom using models and equations to divide rational numbers in any

numbers) represent the problem form, including whole numbers,

Multiply a fraction by a whole Solve word problems involving fractions, and decimals)

number or another fraction division of fractions by fractions Solve multi-step problems

Divide fractions by whole involving positive and negative

numbers and whole numbers rational numbers

by fractions to solve word

problems

Example of a problem Ann has 3 12 lbs of peanuts for the party. She wants to put them in

small bags each containing lb. How many small bags of peanuts will

involving the division she have?

of fractions.

that there are 7 halves in 3 lbs, so there will be

7 bags of peanuts.

ALTERNAT

E Students can also find how many halves are in 3 by applying the

ROUTE traditional procedure of dividing 3 by .

3 12 =

7

2

2 12 = 72 X 21 = 142 = 7

7

Here are just a few examples of how students will develop an understanding of ratios and

proportions in grade six.

Explain why a fraction is equal Understand the concept of Analyze proportional

to another fraction a ratio and use the correct relationships and use them to

Interpret multiplication as language to describe it solve real-world problems

scaling (resizing) Understand the concept of a Calculate the unit rates

unit rate (the rate per unit, or a associated with ratios of

ratio with a denominator of 1) fractions, such as the ratio of

and use the correct language to a mile for every of an hour

describe it Recognize and represent

Use ratio and rates to solve real- proportional relationships in

world problems various ways, including using

tables, graphs, and equations

Identify the unit rate in tables,

graphs, equations, and verbal

descriptions of proportional

relationships

Students use diagrams and tables to think through and solve real-world problems involving ratios.

Example of a problem A slime mixture is made by mixing glue and liquid laundry starch in a ratio

involving ratios of 3 to 2. How much glue and how much starch are needed to make 90

cups of slime?

Glue Starch

Using knowledge of ratios and

proportions, students see that if each

}

Parts Quantities

cup of slime is made up of 3 parts glue

5 parts 90 cups and 2 parts starch, there are 5 parts in

1 part 90/5 =18 cups each cup. They can then compute the

2 parts 2x18 =36 cups

quantity of one, two, and three parts of

90 cups to determine the exact amounts

3 parts 3x18 =54 cups of glue and starch needed.

Helping your child 1. A

sk your child to calculate the unit rates of items purchased from the

grocery store. For example, if 2 pounds of flour cost $3.00, how much

learn outside of school does flour cost per pound?

2. Have your child determine the amount of ingredients needed when

cooking. For example, if a recipe calls for 8 cups of rice to serve 4

people, how many cups of rice do you need to serve 6 people?

3. Encourage your child to stick with it whenever a problem seems

difficult. This will help your child see that everyone can learn math.

4. Praise your child when he or she makes an effort, and share in

the excitement when he or she solves a problem or understands

something for the first time.

Additional Resources For more information on the Common Core State Standards for

mathematics, go to http://www.corestandards.org/Math/ or http://

N

www.commoncoreworks.org.

W E

For more information on the standards in mathematics related to

ratios/proportions or fractions, go to http://commoncoretools.me/

S

category/progressions/.

http://www.figurethis.org/download.htm or www.24game.com.

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