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dissertation

vastukala academy
college of architecture

the cultural role of architecture
the cultural role of architecture
the cultural role of architecture
the cultural role of architecture

LIBIN K BABY
5TH YEAR

INDEX INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 CULTURE & CULTURAL SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 2 ASPECTS GOVERNING CULTURE CHAPTER 3 ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE IN SHAPING CULTURE CHAPTER 4 CUTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE CHAPTER 5 PRESENT SCENARIO CHAPTER 6 PRETEXT OF DEVELOPMENT CHAPTER 7 ARCHITECT’S ROLE SUMMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY .

METAMODERNISM Metamodernism is a set of developments in philosophy. adopted the neomodern style. The final design. aesthetics. When first proposed in the 1980s the building had a strongly postmodernist design. Metamodernism is neither a residual nor an emergent structure of feeling. but the dominant cultural logic of contemporary modernity. completed in 2009. and culture which are emerging from and reacting to postmodernism.4 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE The Bay Adelaide Centre in Toronto. Building in Pretoria with a neomodern architectural design. Tate Modern by Herzog & de Meuronbest known for their conversion of the giant Bankside Power Station in London .

that its development has been in the wrong direction and that this vision needs to be reclaimed.5 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE VANCOUVERISM Vancouver city skyline view. that is unique to North America. It is characterized by a large residential population living in the city centre with mixed-use developments. . 2000 to promote vision. It advocates the search for truth. culture and society to replace postmodernism. Canada. REMODERNISM Remodernism in an attempt to introduce a period of new spirituality into art. and preserving view corridors. typically with a medium-height." Its premise is that the potential of the modernist vision has not been fulfilled. commercial base and narrow. high-rise residential towers. knowledge and meaning. redefined and redeveloped. with an emphasis on painting. British Columbia. and challenges formalism. Remodernism manifesto was published on March 1. authenticity and self-expression. significant reliance on mass public transit. Show. and subtitled "towards a new spirituality in art. Vancouverism is an urban planning and architectural phenomenon in Vancouver. creation and maintenance of green park spaces. The Stuckists: The First Remodernist Art Group.

but consists of concrete things which have material substance. The place is not so simple as the locality. which is the examination of nature. systems. its behaviors. texture. or atmosphere. Biomimicry can work on three levels: the organism. the environment is concretely defined as "the place". It is a multi- disciplinary approach to sustainable design that follows a set of principles rather than stylistic codes. In phenomenology. shape. and the things which occur there "take place". It is part of a larger movement known as biomimicry. its models.6 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE PHENOMENOLOGY Phenomenology is both a current aspect of philosophy influencing contemporary architecture and a field of academic research into the experience of built space and of building materials in their sensory aspects. but by understanding the rules governing those forms. not by replicating the natural forms. and together coalesce to form the environment's character. PRATT INSTITUTE HIGGINS HALL REBUILT CENTER SECTION STEVEN HOLLCHAPPEL PETER ZUMTHOR KLAUS BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE Biomimetic architecture is a contemporary philosophy of architecture that seeks solutions for sustainability in nature. and processes for the purpose of gaining inspiration in order to solve man-made problems. and the ecosystem GHERKIN . and color.

building form. FOSTER AND PARTNERS CITY HALL DZ BANK FRANK O GEHRY POLAND BY JERDE PARTNERSHIP LONDON INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE Industrial architecture is the design and construction of buildings serving industry. programming.amoeba-shaped. iterative. The new genre of "scripted. Such buildings rose in importance with the industrial revolution. simulation and imaging to create both virtual forms and physical structures. Digital architecture allows complex calculations that delimit architects and allow a diverse range of complex forms to be created with great ease using computer algorithms. blobism or blobismus are terms for a movement in architecture in which buildings have an organic. GOLDEN TERRACES IN WARSAW.7 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE BLOBITECTURE Blobitecture from blob architecture. and were some of the pioneering structures of modern architecture. Types of industrial buildings  Brewery  Distillery  Drilling rig  Factory  Forge  Foundry  Gristmill  Mine  Power plant  Refinery  Sawmill  Warehouse DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE Digital architecture uses computer modeling. and .

FUTURE SYSTEMS. 1965) . MICHAEL GRAVES. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. leaving the designer the role of selection and increasing the possibilities in architectural design. TADAO ANDO.ARTHUR ERICKSON. an artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. PATRICIO POUCHULU. long dynamic lines. the Manifesto of Futurism in 1909. ARCHIGRAM. ZAHA HADID. WILLIAM PEREIRA. DENIS LAMING. who produced its first manifesto. IRVINE (WILLIAM PEREIRA. MANCHESTER(2008) BY DENTON CORKER MARSHALL. SANTIAGO CALATRAVA. EERO SAARINEN  LIBRARY. urgency and lyricism: it was a part of Futurism.CESAR PELLI. characterized by strong chromaticism. FUTURIST ARCHITECTURE Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy. CIVIL JUSTICE CENTRE.VIRGILIO MARCHI. suggesting speed. JOHN LAUTNER.8 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE indexical architecture" produces a proliferation of formal outcomes. WAYNE MCALLISTER. motion. OSCAR NIEMEYER.

1960) CRITICAL REGIONALISM Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of identity of the International Style (architecture). by the historian-theorist Kenneth Frampton. The stylings of critical regionalism seeks to provide an architecture rooted in the modern tradition.9 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE  CATHEDRAL OF BRASÍLIA(OSCAR NIEMEYER. BAGSVAERD CHURCH (1973–6). JØRN UTZON. DENMARK . The phrase "critical regionalism" was first used by the architectural theorists Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and. Critical Regionalists thus hold that both modern and post-modern architecture are "deeply problematic". Critical regionalism is not simply regionalism in the sense of vernacular architecture. but also rejects the whimsical individualism and ornamentation of Postmodern architecture. It is a progressive approach to design that seeks to mediate between the global and the local languages of architecture. but tied to geographical and cultural context. with a slightly different meaning.

such as structure and envelope. It is influenced by the theory of "Deconstruction". FINLAND DECONSTRUCTIVISM Deconstructivism is a development of postmodern architecture that began in the late 1980s. which is a form of semiotic analysis. non-rectilinear shapes which appear to distort and dislocate elements of architecture. skin. It is characterized by fragmentation. an interest in manipulating a structure's surface. SAYNATSALO TOWN HALL (1952). The finished visual appearance of buildings that exhibit deconstructivist "styles" is characterized by unpredictability and controlled chaos. IMPERIALWARMUSEUMNORTH STEINHAUS STEINDORF .10 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE ALVAR AALTO.

11 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE ENERGY-PLUS-HOUSES AT FREIBURG-VAUBAN IN GERMANY Sustainable architecture is architecture that seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials. Their size and novelty means that they often serve as landmarks. ornamental buildings often in eccentric form. OHIO Novelty architecture is a type of architecture in which buildings and other structures are given unusual shapes for purposes such as advertising or to copy other famous buildings without any intention of being authentic. in that novelty architecture is essentially usable buildings in eccentric form whereas follies are non-usable. The idea of sustainability. or ecological design. NOVELTY ARCHITECTURE THE LONGABERGER COMPANY HEADQUARTERS IN NEWARK. Sustainable architecture uses a conscious approach to energy and ecological conservation in the design of the built environment. and development space. They are distinct from architectural follies. is to ensure that our actions and decisions today do not inhibit the opportunities of future generations. energy. Conceptualism in Architecture .

It is difficult to define a concept of architecture. can be anything. and explore it. which in turn will be responsible for a good architecture. in addition to aesthetic appeal or not. It is All About Feeling The architects who seek conceptual architecture appropriate the technology elements. BURJ AL ARAB .a feeling.12 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE When we see a traditional building design. apathy. It is simply the architect knows that you define it. Anything can become a strong concept. even if that is indifference. and aesthetics to cause the desired mood. we easily apply adjectives. usually either ugly or beautiful. materials. a word. express it. Often the results of this creation are just buildings. or disgust. an attitude. especially when reconciled to practicality. we note that there is something different in the work. a color. but some buildings have more conceptual efforts that drive the viewer into strong feelings. which after all. or an activity. of novelty or even strangeness. There is no work without concept. after all simplicity and purity can also be used as a concept. But when the completed work evokes other feelings because. We can not express ourselves in relation to the work of architecture because it is one repetition of a old concept beaten and folded. it is probably related to a new or unusual concept. so used previously that it is no longer a concept. a proportion. pure and simple.

13 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART OF SAO PAULO ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE FALLINGWATER BY FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site. HIGH-TECH ARCHITECTURE . furnishings. that buildings. interrelated composition. and surroundings become part of a unified.

but with visual emphasis placed on the internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure as opposed to exterior concrete walls. often in an aspiration to express or respond to contextual processes. In buildings such as the Pompidou Centre. the term "digital morphogenesis" is used primarily in architecture. high-tech architecture became more difficult to distinguish from post-modern architecture. High-tech architecture. this idea of revealed structure is taken to the extreme. however. In the 1980s. Structural Expressionist buildings reveal their structure on the outside as well as the inside. "In this inclusive understanding. sharing with it the reliance on gradual development but not necessarily adopting or referring to the actual mechanisms of growth or adaptation. self-organization and form- finding. Recent discourse on digital morphogenesis in architecture links it to a number of concepts including emergence. the use of "structural" steel is a stylistic or aesthetic matter. DIGITAL MORPHOGENESIS Digital morphogenesis is a process of shape development (or morphogenesis[1]) enabled by computation. incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design."[6] PARAMETRIC DESIGN . digital morphogenesis is a group of methods that employ digital media for form-making and adaptation rather than for representation. In this case. Some of its themes and ideas were later absorbed into the style of Neo-Futurism art and architectural movement. an extension of those previous ideas helped by even more technological advances. Like Brutalism. there remain gray areas as to where one category ends and the other begins. While this concept is applicable in many areas. with apparently structural components serving little or no structural role. digital morphogenesis in architecture bears a largely analogous or metaphoric relationship to the processes of morphogenesis in nature. In architecture. is an architectural style that emerged in the 1970s. This category serves as a bridge between modernism and post-modernism. also known as Late Modernism or Structural Expressionism. High-tech architecture appeared as a revamped modernism.14 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE THE HSBC HONG KONG HEADQUARTERS.

CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer. The term 'Parametric' originates from mathematics (Parametric equation) and refers to the use of certain parameters or variables that can be edited to manipulate or alter the end result of an equation or system. and to create a database for manufacturing. .15 CULTURAL ROLE OF ARCHITECTURE Parametric design is a process based on algorithmic thinking that enables the expression of parameters and rules that. Parametric design is not a new concept and has always formed a part of architecture and design. modification. and use has always formed part of the design process. or optimization of a design. encode and clarify the relationship between design intent and design response. machining. analysis. CAD output is often in the form of electronic files for print. together. improve communications through documentation. setting. define. culture. SHENZHEN BAO'AN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT T3 HALL COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to assist in the creation. improve the quality of design. or other manufacturing operations. Parametric design is a paradigm in design where the relationship between elements are used to manipulate and inform the design of complex geometries and structures. The consideration of changing forces such as climate.