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Science- is the body of knowledge about nature that represents the Velocity L/T L

Acceleration = = = 2
collective efforts, findings, insights and wisdom of human race. Time T T
Scientific Method Error technical term for uncertainty in reading a measurement
1. Defining a problem Systematic Error-error produced the same sign
2. Literature review
3. Forming hypothesis Random error- positive and negative errors are equally probable
4. Observation
Instrumental errors- inaccurate apparatus
5. Collecting data
6. Analyzing and interpreting the data Personal errors peculiarity or bias of the observer
7. Making Conclusions
8. Presentation External errors- external condition like temperature, humidity, wind, and
9. Publications vibration

Numerical Error sum of the numerical error of the individual quntitiies

Physics- is the most basic of the natural sciences that deals with the most
a . d .=
d A . D.= a . d .
general and fundamental laws of nature.Basis of sciences. n n
Scientific theory- well tested and verified hypothesis about certain aspects Percentage error product or quotient of several numbers
of natural world.
Least count- smallest value that can be directly from a measure scale
Probability limit - Limit of uncertainty
Scalars- magnitude, the distance only
Accurate- degree to which a measurements correspond to the real value
Vectors- magnitude and direction, displacement
Precision- Repeated measurements
Distance - length of the actual path
Significant figure- estimated figure
Displacement length and direction of the change in position measured
Dimensional Analysis- study of quantities which have dimensions like from starting point,
fundamental quantities
1 opp opp adj
adj hyp
tan = x=sin y=cos
Area= length x length = L2 hyp
3
Volume= Length x length x length = L x
y
Mass M
Density=
Volume
=
L3
2 1 y
tan
L 2 x
Velocity =
T
R=
Instantaneous speed- a speed on an instant of time

Resultant vector two or more vectors can be represented by single vector Deceleration- negative acceleration