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chapter 1

- Problems in Number Theory
- 52 Cycling Cards
- HCF & LCM
- a
- Homework Solution 4
- 2014 Feb14 Finals Bonus Answer
- Number Properties
- L7
- Senior Quiz '10 Prelims
- DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHM_1.pptx
- Number Series Problem
- CALCULATING THE SMARANDACHE FUNCTION FOR POWERS OF A PRIME
- 8-5_EstimatingSquareRootsNotesPractice
- Number Theory
- PRIM-SUM: MORE SMARANDACHE CONJECTURES ON PRIMES' SUMMATION
- edtech 4th grade math game
- hw1-soln[1]
- Dividing Decimals Up to 4 Decimal Places By
- Uses Infinity
- Fortran Constants

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Numbers: Prime, composite, (integer, natural, whole, decimal, positive, negative, fractions, etc.)

Prime factoris(z)ation

Class exercises

Homework

18 = 1 x 18 = 2 x 9 = 3 x 6 = 6 x 3 = 9 x 2 = 18 x 1

1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18 are all factors of 18

18 is a multiple of 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18

When 18 is divided by its factors 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18, the reminder is 0 divisible

2. Prime numbers and composite numbers

Prime number: a number which has only two different factors, 1 and the number itself

Examples: 2, 3, 5, 7

Composite number: a number has more than two different factors

Examples: 4, 6, 8, 10, 15,

The number 1 is neither a prime number nor a composite number

Goldbachs Conjecture: Every even number greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two

prime numbers, verify using the following numbers 16, 36, 64, 98

Two-digit prime numbers with reversed digits: 37 and 73, others?

Twin prime numbers: prime numbers that differ by 2, like 5 and 7, list others?

3. Prime factorization

Decomposition of a composite number into prime factors

Example: 60 2 | 252

/ \ 2 | 126

2 30 3| 63

/ \ 3| 21

2 15 7

/ \

3 5

So, 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 252 = 2 X 2 X 3 X 3 X 7 = 2 2 X 32 X 7

4. Index Notation

5 x 5 x 5 is written 53 and is read 5 cubed or the cube of 5

5 x 5 x 5 x 5 is written as 54 and is read as 5 to the power of 4

a x a x a x a x x a is written as an and is read as a to the power of n

Exercises: Factorize 100, 125, 147, 216, 225, 360, 567, 648

Case Study: How to cover a 30 cm by 36 cm sheet of paper completely with identical SQUARE

patterns? Find the side of the largest possible square.

Can we use 1 x 1 square? Or 2 x 2 square?

The factors (prime factorization) of 30: 30 = 2 x 3 x 5

The factors (prime factorization) of 36: 36 = 22 x 32

So the HCF of 30 and 36 is 2 x 3 = 6, use 6 x 6 sheet to cover the 30 x 36 area

Method 2: 2 | 30 36

3| 15 18

5 6

So the HCF is 2 x 3, there is no common factors between 5 and 6 bigger than 1

Case Study: Using a rectangular pattern measuring 9 cm by 12 cm to form a square, decide how

many rectangular patterns needed

The multiples of 9 are 9, 18, 27, 36,

The multiples of 12 are 12, 24, 36

The least common multiple of 9 and 12 is 36

30 = 2 x 3 x 5

36 = 22 x 32

Then the lease common multiple of 30 and 36 are 22 x 32 x 5

3| 15 18

5 6

Find positive square root of 784 and 2025, find the cube roots of 512 and 5832

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