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State the degree and leading coefficient of each polynomial in one variable. If it is not a polynomial in one

variable, explain why.

6 5 2

1.11x 5x + 4x

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of the polynomial when written in standard form.

Degree = 6,

leading coefficient = 11

7 3

2.10x 5x + 4x 22

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of the polynomial when written in standard form.

Degree = 7,

leading coefficient = 10

4 3

3.14x 9x + 3x 4y

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of the polynomial when written in standard form. This polynomial is not in one variable because there are

two variables, x and y.

5 2

4.8x 3x + 4xy 5

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of the polynomial when written in standard form. This polynomial is not in one variable because there are

two variables, x and y.

3

5.w(x) = 2x + 3x 12

SOLUTION:

4 3 2

6.w(x) = 2x 5x + 3x 2x + 8

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

4 3 2

6.w(x) = 2x 5x + 3x 2x + 8

SOLUTION:

3 2 2

If c(x) = 4x 5x + 2 and d(x) = 3x + 6x 10, find each value.

3

7.c(y )

SOLUTION:

8. 4[d(3z)]

SOLUTION:

9.6c(4a) + 2d(3a 5)

SOLUTION:

10.3c(2b) + 6d(4b 3)

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

10.3c(2b) + 6d(4b 3)

SOLUTION:

a. describe the end behavior,

b. determine whether it represents an odd-degree or an even-degree function, and

c. state the number of real zeros.

11.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity.

The end behavior is in opposite directions.

b. Since the end behavior is in opposite directions, it is an odd-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at three points, so there are three real zeros.

12.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 3

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

The end behavior is in opposite directions.

b. Since the end behavior is in opposite directions, it is an odd-degree function.

5-3 Polynomial

c. The graphFunctions

intersects the x-axis at three points, so there are three real zeros.

12.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

The end behavior is in the same directions.

b. Since the end behavior is in the same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at zero points, so there are no real zeros.

CCSS PERSEVERANCE State the degree and leading coefficient of each polynomial in one variable. If it

is not a polynomial in one variable, explain why.

6 5

13.6x 4x + 13xy

SOLUTION:

not a polynomial in one variable because there are two variables, x and y.

7 4

14.3a 4a +

SOLUTION:

5 6 3

15.8x 12x + 14x 9

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 6, leading coefficient = 12.

2 7

16.12 8x + 5x 21x

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 7, leading coefficient = 21.

3 2 4

17.15x 4x + 3x 5x

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 4, leading coefficient = 5.

3 5

18.13b Manual

eSolutions 9b + 3b 18

- Powered by Cognero Page 4

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

3 2 4

17.15x 4x + 3x 5x

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial

The degree of Functions

the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 4, leading coefficient = 5.

3 5

18.13b 9b + 3b 18

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 5, leading coefficient = 3.

19.(d + 5)(3d 4)

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 2, leading coefficient = 3.

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

firsttermofapolynomialwritteninstandardform.Thedegree=2,leadingcoefficient=6.

5 4 9 2

21.6x 5x + 2x 3x

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 9, leading coefficient = 2.

4 7 8

22.7x + 3x 2x + 7

SOLUTION:

The degree of the polynomial is the value of the greatest exponent. The leading coefficient is the coefficient of the

first term of a polynomial written in standard form. The degree = 8, leading coefficient = 2.

4 2

23.p (x) = x 2x + 3

SOLUTION:

3 2

24.p (x) = 3x 2x + 4x 6

SOLUTION:

3 2

25.p (x) = 2x + 6x 10x

5-3 Polynomial Functions

3 2

24.p (x) = 3x 2x + 4x 6

SOLUTION:

3 2

25.p (x) = 2x + 6x 10x

SOLUTION:

4 3 2

26.p (x) = x 4x + 3x 5x + 24

SOLUTION:

3 2

27.p (x) = x + 3x 5

SOLUTION:

4 3 2

28.p (x) = 2x + x 4x

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

4 3 2

28.p (x) = 2x + x 4x

SOLUTION:

29.c(3a)

SOLUTION:

30.5d(2a)

SOLUTION:

2

31.c(b )

SOLUTION:

2

32.d(4a )

SOLUTION:

33.d(4y 3)

SOLUTION:

34.c(y 1)

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

2

34.c(y 1)

SOLUTION:

a. describe the end behavior,

b. determine whether it represents an odd-degree or an even-degree function, and

c. state the number of real zeros.

35.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity.

The end behavior is in the same direction.

b. Since the end behavior is in same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at four points, so there are four real zeros.

36.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

The end behavior is in opposite direction.

b. Since the end behavior is in opposite direction, it is an odd-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at one point, so there is one real zero.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 8

The end behavior is in opposite direction.

5-3 Polynomial Functions

b. Since the end behavior is in opposite direction, it is an odd-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at one point, so there is one real zero.

37.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity.

The end behavior is in opposite direction.

b. Since the end behavior is in opposite direction, it is an odd-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at one point, so there is one real zero.

38.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity.

The end behavior is in same directions.

b. Since the end behavior is in the same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at zero points, so there are no real zeros.

39.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 9

The end behavior is in same directions.

b. Since the Functions

5-3 Polynomial end behavior is in the same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at zero points, so there are no real zeros.

39.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

The end behavior is in the same direction.

b. Since the end behavior is in the same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at two points, so there are two real zeros.

40.

SOLUTION:

a. As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity. As the x-values approach

positive infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

The end behavior is in the same direction.

b. Since the end behavior is in the same direction, it is an even-degree function.

c. The graph intersects the x-axis at two points, so there are two real zeros.

41.PHYSICS For a moving object with mass m in kilograms, the kinetic energy KE in joules is given by the function KE

2

(v) = 0.5mv , where v represents the speed of the object in meters per second. Find the kinetic energy of an all-

terrain vehicle with a mass of 171 kilograms moving at a speed of 11 meters/second.

SOLUTION:

42.CCSS MODELING A microwave manufacturing firm has determined that their profit function is

3 2

P(x) = 0.0014x + 0.3x + 6x 355

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 10

where x is the number of microwaves sold annually.

a. Graph the profit function using a calculator.

b. Determine a reasonable viewing window for the function.

terrain vehicle with a mass of 171 kilograms moving at a speed of 11 meters/second.

SOLUTION:

42.CCSS MODELING A microwave manufacturing firm has determined that their profit function is

3 2

P(x) = 0.0014x + 0.3x + 6x 355

where x is the number of microwaves sold annually.

a. Graph the profit function using a calculator.

b. Determine a reasonable viewing window for the function.

c. Approximate all of the zeros of the function using the CALC menu. 41, 27, 228.2

d. What must be the range of microwaves sold in order for the firm to have a profit?

SOLUTION:

a.

b. Sample answer: [500, 500] scl:50 by [10,000, 10,000] scl:1000

c. 41.0, 27.1, 228.2

d. between 28 and 228 microwaves

4

43.p (x) = x +

SOLUTION:

44.

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

44.

SOLUTION:

45.

SOLUTION:

46.

SOLUTION:

Use the degree and end behavior to match each polynomial to its graph.

A.

B.

5-3 Polynomial Functions

Use the degree and end behavior to match each polynomial to its graph.

A.

B.

C.

D.

3 2

47.f(x ) = x + 3x 4x

SOLUTION:

Since the degree of the polynomial is 3, the graph must have 2 turning points. And the leading coefficient of the

graph is positive. Therefore, the correct choice is D.

2

48.f (x) = 2x + 8x + 5

SOLUTION:

Sincethedegreeofthepolynomialis2,thegraphmusthave1turningpoint.Andthefunctionisanevendegree

function. Therefore, the end behavior of the graph must be in the same direction. The correct choice is B.

4 2

49.f (x) = x 3x + 6x

SOLUTION:

Sincethedegreeofthepolynomialis4,thegraphmusthave3turningpoints.Andthefunctionisanevendegree

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 13

function. Therefore, the end behavior of the graph must be in the same direction. The correct choice is A.

3 2

2

48.f (x) = 2x + 8x + 5

SOLUTION:

Sincethedegreeofthepolynomialis2,thegraphmusthave1turningpoint.Andthefunctionisanevendegree

5-3 Polynomial Functions

function. Therefore, the end behavior of the graph must be in the same direction. The correct choice is B.

4 2

49.f (x) = x 3x + 6x

SOLUTION:

Sincethedegreeofthepolynomialis4,thegraphmusthave3turningpoints.Andthefunctionisanevendegree

function. Therefore, the end behavior of the graph must be in the same direction. The correct choice is A.

3 2

50.f (x) = 4x 4x + 8

SOLUTION:

Sincethedegreeofthepolynomialis3,thegraphmusthave2turningpoint2.Andtheleadingcoefficientofthe

graph is negative. Therefore, the graph opens down. The correct choice is B.

51.3c(a 4) + 3d(a + 5)

SOLUTION:

2

52. 2d(2a + 3) 4c(a + 1)

SOLUTION:

2

53.5c(a ) 8d(6 3a)

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 14

5-3 Polynomial Functions

2

53.5c(a ) 8d(6 3a)

SOLUTION:

3 4

54. 7d(a ) + 6c(a + 1)

SOLUTION:

4 2

55.BUSINESS A clothing manufacturers profitability can be modeled by p (x) = x + 40x 144, where x is the

number of items sold in thousands and p (x) is the companys profit in thousands of dollars.

a. Use a table of values to sketch the function.

b. Determine the zeros of the function.

c. Between what two values should the company sell in order to be profitable?

d. Explain why only two of the zeros are considered in part c.

SOLUTION:

a. Table:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

4 2

55.BUSINESS A clothing manufacturers profitability can be modeled by p (x) = x + 40x 144, where x is the

number of items sold in thousands and p (x) is the companys profit in thousands of dollars.

a. Use a table of values to sketch the function.

b. Determine the zeros of the function.

c. Between what two values should the company sell in order to be profitable?

d. Explain why only two of the zeros are considered in part c.

SOLUTION:

a. Table:

Plot the points on the coordinate plane. And connect them by a smooth curve.

b. 6, 2, 2, 6

c. The graph lies in the Quadrant I (both x and y values are positive) between x = 2 and x = 6. Therefore, the

company should sell 2000 to 6000 items.

d. Sample answer: The negative values should not be considered because the company will not produce negative

items.

a. ANALYTICAL Determine the x- and y-intercepts, roots, degree, and end behavior of g(x).

b. ALGEBRAIC Write the function in standard form.

c. TABULAR Make a table of values for the function.

d. GRAPHICAL Sketch a graph of the function by plotting points and connecting them with a smooth curve.

SOLUTION:

a. Degree:

eSolutions Manual -4;

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b. 6, 2, 2, 6

c. The graph lies in the Quadrant I (both x and y values are positive) between x = 2 and x = 6. Therefore, the

company should sell 2000 to 6000 items.

d. Sample answer:

5-3 Polynomial The negative values should not be considered because the company will not produce negative

Functions

items.

a. ANALYTICAL Determine the x- and y-intercepts, roots, degree, and end behavior of g(x).

b. ALGEBRAIC Write the function in standard form.

c. TABULAR Make a table of values for the function.

d. GRAPHICAL Sketch a graph of the function by plotting points and connecting them with a smooth curve.

SOLUTION:

a. Degree: 4;

x-intercepts:x = 2, 1, 3, 4.

y-intercept: y = 24.

End behavior:

b.

c.

d.

4 2

57.f (x) = 5x + 3x

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 17

As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach positive

infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

5-3 Polynomial Functions

4 2

57.f (x) = 5x + 3x

SOLUTION:

As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach positive

infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

5 4

58.g(x) = 2x + 6x

SOLUTION:

As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach positive

infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity.

7 6

59.h(x) = 4x + 8x 4x

SOLUTION:

As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach positive infinity. As the x-values approach positive

infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

2

60.f (x) = 6x 7x

SOLUTION:

As the x-values approach negative infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity. As the x-values approach positive

infinity, the y-values approach negative infinity.

4 5

61.g(x) = 8x + 5x

SOLUTION:

6 7 2

62.h(x) = 9x 5x + 3x

SOLUTION:

63.CCSS CRITIQUE Shenequa and Virginia are determining the number of zeros of the graph. Is either of them

correct? Explain your reasoning.

6 7 2

62.h(x) = 9x 5x + 3x

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

63.CCSS CRITIQUE Shenequa and Virginia are determining the number of zeros of the graph. Is either of them

correct? Explain your reasoning.

SOLUTION:

An even function will have an even number of zeros and a double root represents 2 zeros. Therefore, Virginia is

correct.

64.CHALLENGE Use the table to determine the minimum number of real roots and the minimum degree of the

polynomial function f (x).

SOLUTION:

The sign of f (x) changes for 5 times. So, the degree of the polynomial is 5 and there are 5 roots for the polynomial.

65.CHALLENGE If f (x) has a degree of 5 and a positive leading coefficient and g(x) has a degree of 3 and a positive

leading coefficient, determine the end behavior of .Explain your reasoning.

SOLUTION:

Sample answer:

Since f (x) has a degree of 5 and g(x) has a degree of 3, then will have a degree of 2. Since both functions

have positive leading coefficients, their quotient will also have a positive leading coefficient. Therefore, the end

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 19

behavior is:

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

The sign of f (x) changes for 5 times. So, the degree of the polynomial is 5 and there are 5 roots for the polynomial.

65.CHALLENGE If f (x) has a degree of 5 and a positive leading coefficient and g(x) has a degree of 3 and a positive

leading coefficient, determine the end behavior of .Explain your reasoning.

SOLUTION:

Sample answer:

Since f (x) has a degree of 5 and g(x) has a degree of 3, then will have a degree of 2. Since both functions

have positive leading coefficients, their quotient will also have a positive leading coefficient. Therefore, the end

behavior is:

will become a 2-degree function with a positive leading coefficient.

66.OPEN ENDED Sketch the graph of an even-degree polynomial with 8 real roots, one of them a double root

SOLUTION:

Sample answer:

Since even degree functions have an even number of zeros, draw a graph that crosses the x-axis in three places to

the left of the origin and three places to the right of the origin. Place the double root at the origin so the function has

8 real roots including a double root.

67.REASONING Determine whether the following statement is always, sometimes, or never true. Explain.

A polynomial function that has four real roots is a fourth-degree polynomial.

SOLUTION:

Sometimes; a polynomial function with four real roots may be a sixth-degree polynomial function with two imaginary

roots. A polynomial function that has four real roots is at least a fourth-degree polynomial.

68.WRITING IN MATH Describe what the end behavior of a polynomial function is and how to determine it.

SOLUTION:

Sample answer: The end behavior of a polynomial function is what the graph does as the input value approaches

negative and positive infinity. It can be determined by the leading coefficient and the degree of the polynomial.

69.SHORT RESPONSE Four students solved the same math problem. Each students work is shown below. Who is

correct?

Student A

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 20

Student B

68.WRITING IN MATH Describe what the end behavior of a polynomial function is and how to determine it.

SOLUTION:

Sample answer:

5-3 Polynomial The end behavior of a polynomial function is what the graph does as the input value approaches

Functions

negative and positive infinity. It can be determined by the leading coefficient and the degree of the polynomial.

69.SHORT RESPONSE Four students solved the same math problem. Each students work is shown below. Who is

correct?

Student A

Student B

Student C

Student D

SOLUTION:

Student A is correct.

3

70.SAT/ACT What is the remainder when x 7x + 5 is divided by x + 3?

A 11

B 1

C1

D 11

E 35

SOLUTION:

Use synthetic division to divide.

The remainder is 1.

So, the correct choice is B.

71.EXTENDED RESPONSE A company manufactures tables and chairs. It costs $40 to make each table and $25 to

make each chair. There is $1440 available to spend on manufacturing each week. Let t = the number of tables

produced and c = the number of chairs produced.

a. The manufacturing equation is 40t + 25c =1500. Construct a graph of this equation.

b. The company always produces two chairs with each table. Write and graph an equation to represent this situation

on the same graph as the one in part a.

c. Determine the number of tables and chairs that the company can produce each week.

d. Explain how to determine this answer using the graph.

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 21

a. Graph the equation.

The remainder

5-3 Polynomial is 1.

Functions

So, the correct choice is B.

71.EXTENDED RESPONSE A company manufactures tables and chairs. It costs $40 to make each table and $25 to

make each chair. There is $1440 available to spend on manufacturing each week. Let t = the number of tables

produced and c = the number of chairs produced.

a. The manufacturing equation is 40t + 25c =1500. Construct a graph of this equation.

b. The company always produces two chairs with each table. Write and graph an equation to represent this situation

on the same graph as the one in part a.

c. Determine the number of tables and chairs that the company can produce each week.

d. Explain how to determine this answer using the graph.

SOLUTION:

a. Graph the equation.

b. Since the company produces two chairs with each table, the equation should be 2t = c.

That is, t = 0.5c.

Graph this equation on the same coordinate plane.

c. The graphs are intersecting at the point (32, 16). Therefore, 32 chairs and 16 tables can be produced each week.

d. Sample answer: This can be determined by the intersection of the graphs. This point of intersection is the optimal

amount of tables and chairs manufactured.

72.If i = then5i(7i) =

eSolutions

F 70Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 22

H 35

G 35

c. The graphs are intersecting at the point (32, 16). Therefore, 32 chairs and 16 tables can be produced each week.

d. Sample answer:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

This can be determined by the intersection of the graphs. This point of intersection is the optimal

amount of tables and chairs manufactured.

72.If i = then5i(7i) =

F 70

H 35

G 35

J 70

SOLUTION:

The correct choice is H.

Simplify.

73.

SOLUTION:

74.

SOLUTION:

75.

SOLUTION:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

75.

SOLUTION:

Determine whether each expression is a polynomial. If it is a polynomial, state the degree of the

polynomial.

2 3

76.8x + 5xy 6x + 4

SOLUTION:

Yes. A polynomial is an expression consisting of monomials in which the exponents are nonnegative integers. The

degree of a polynomial is the degree of the monomial with the greatest degree. The monomial with the greatest

degree is . The degree of the polynomial is 4.

4 6

77.9x + 12x 16

SOLUTION:

Yes. A polynomial is an expression consisting of monomials in which the exponents are nonnegative integers. The

degree of a polynomial is the degree of the monomial with the greatest degree. The monomial with the greatest

degree is . The degree of the polynomial is 6.

4 2 1

78.3x + 2x x

SOLUTION:

This is not a polynomial since one term has a variable with the exponent less than 0.

79.FOUNTAINS The height of a fountains water stream can be modeled by a quadratic function. Suppose the water

from a jet reaches a maximum height of 8 feet at a distance 1 foot away from the jet.

a. If the water lands 3 feet away from the jet, find a quadratic function that models the height h(d) of the water at

any given distance d feet from the jet. Then compare the graph of the function to the parent function.

b. Suppose a worker increases the water pressure so that the stream reaches a maximum height of 12.5 feet at a

distance of 15 inches from the jet. The water now lands 3.75 feet from the jet. Write a new quadratic function for h

(d). How do the changes in h and k affect the shape of the graph?

a. If the water lands 3 feet away from the jet, find a quadratic function that models the height h(d) of the water at

any given distance d feet from the jet. Then compare the graph of the function to the parent function.

b. Suppose a worker increases the water pressure so that the stream reaches a maximum height of 12.5 feet at a

distance of 15

5-3 Polynomial inches from the jet. The water now lands 3.75 feet from the jet. Write a new quadratic function for h

Functions

(d). How do the changes in h and k affect the shape of the graph?

SOLUTION:

a. Find the vertex of the parabola.

From the graph the vertex of the parabola is (1, 8). Therefore, use the vertex form of the equation of the parabola.

The graph passes through the point (3, 0). So, substitute the point (3, 0) for (d, h(d)) in the equation to find a.

Therefore, the function is:

The graph opens downward and is narrower than the parent graph, and the vertex is at (1, 8).

b. Here,

eSolutions the- Powered

Manual vertex of the new quadratic function is (15 in., 12.5 ft). That is (1.25ft, 12.5ft).

by Cognero Page 25

The equation of the new quadratic function is:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

The graph opens downward and is narrower than the parent graph, and the vertex is at (1, 8).

b. Here, the vertex of the new quadratic function is (15 in., 12.5 ft). That is (1.25ft, 12.5ft).

The equation of the new quadratic function is:

It shifted the graph up 4.5 ft and to the right 3 in.

80.

SOLUTION:

81.

SOLUTION:

82.

SOLUTION:

Since the absolute value can not be less than a negative value, the inequality has no solution.

Determine whether each function has a maximum or minimum value, and find that value.

2

83.f (x) = 3x 8x + 4

SOLUTION:

For this function a = 3 > 0. Therefore, the graph opens up and the function has a minimum value.

The minimum value of the function is the y-coordinate of the vertex.

The x-coordinate of the vertex is:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

Since the absolute value can not be less than a negative value, the inequality has no solution.

Determine whether each function has a maximum or minimum value, and find that value.

2

83.f (x) = 3x 8x + 4

SOLUTION:

For this function a = 3 > 0. Therefore, the graph opens up and the function has a minimum value.

The minimum value of the function is the y-coordinate of the vertex.

The x-coordinate of the vertex is:

The y-coordinate of the vertex is:

2

84.f (x) = 4x + 2x 10

SOLUTION:

For this function a = 4 < 0. Therefore, the graph opens down and the function has a maximum value.

The maximum value of the function is the y-coordinate of the vertex.

The x-coordinate of the vertex is:

The y-coordinate of the vertex is:

The maximum value of the function is 9.75.

2

85.f (x) = 0.25x + 4x 5

SOLUTION:

For this function a = 0.25 < 0. Therefore, the graph opens down and the function has a maximum value.

The maximum value of the function is the y-coordinate of the vertex.

The x-coordinate of the vertex is:

5-3 Polynomial Functions

The maximum value of the function is 9.75.

2

85.f (x) = 0.25x + 4x 5

SOLUTION:

For this function a = 0.25 < 0. Therefore, the graph opens down and the function has a maximum value.

The maximum value of the function is the y-coordinate of the vertex.

The x-coordinate of the vertex is:

The y-coordinate of the vertex is:

The maximum value of the function is 11.

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