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About Active to Passive Voice

Rule 1 : Active Passive object subject


subject object object by
-
Active : Kumar writes a letter.
Passive : A letter is written by Kumar.

First Sentence Kumar, subject letter, object


letter subject Kumar 'by' preposition
object

Rule 2 : verb, Past Participle


Tense verb 'to be' (am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being)
, :

Perfect
Tense Simple Continuous Perfect
Continuous

am am being has been


Present is is being have Not Possible
are are being been
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was was being


Past had been Not Possible
were were being

will have
been
will be
Future Not Possible shall Not Possible
shall be
have
been

Present
Active Passive
Tense

Simple He kills a snake A snake is killed by him.

He is killing a A snake is being killed by


Continuous
snake. him.

He has killed a A snake has been killed


Perfect
snake. by him.

Past Tense Active Passive


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A snake was killed by


Simple He killed a snake.
him.

He was killing a A snake was being killed


Continuous
snake. by him.

He had killed a A snake had been killed


Perfect
snake. by him.

Future
Active Passive
Tense

He will kill a A snake will be killed by


Simple
snake. him.

He will have killed A snake will have been


Perfect
a snake. killed by him.
Normally Transitive Verbs are converted to Passive Voice.
(The Verbs with which Objective is used, are Transitive
Verbs. The action of the verb passes over the Object also.
Where action of the Verb is limited up to Subject only, then it
is Intransitive Verb. e.g. He makes a table. Action (making) of
Subject (he) passes over to Object (table) also).
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Third form of Verb is used in Passive Voice. Helping verbs -


'Is / Are / Am / Was / Were / Has / Have / Had / Will / Shall'
PLUS 'Be / Being / Been' are used as per the Rule of the
Tense.

Normally 'By' is used for the 'Subject of the Active Voice


which becomes Object of the Passive Voice'. There are few
verbs with which appropriate Preposition is used in place of
'By'.
Note - The following Tenses cannot be changed into Passive
Voice:
1. Present perfect continuous tense
2. Past perfect continuous tense
3. Future continuous tense
4. Future perfect continuous tense