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# Alexandria University

Faculty Of Enginering
Production Engineering Department
Third Year 2016/2017 Second Semester

## Knuckle Joint Dimensional &

Geometrical Tolerances

## Name: Mostafa Gaber Mohamed Rabie

Seat Number: 136
Section: 7
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
2. Knuckle Joints Drawing .................................................................................................... 4
3. Dimensional Tolerance ....................................................................................................... 4
4. Geometrical Tolerances ...................................................................................................... 6
1. Fork End (Part 1) ............................................................................................................ 7
2. Pin (Part 3) ...................................................................................................................... 8
5. References .......................................................................................................................... 9

List of Figures
Figure 1: Knuckle joint's parts ................................................................................................... 4
Figure 2: Schematic representation of fit ................................................................................... 4
Figure 3: Schematic representation of fit ................................................................................... 5
Figure 4: Schematic representation of fit ................................................................................... 5
Figure 5: Holes of the fork end with a great shift ...................................................................... 7
Figure 7: Extreme position for part 1 ......................................................................................... 7
Figure 6: Part 1 in extreme position........................................................................................... 7
Figure 8: Pin without geometrical tolerance .............................................................................. 8
1. Introduction
A knuckle joint is a mechanical joint used to connect two rods which are under a tensile load,
when there is a requirement of small amount of flexibility, or angular moment is necessary.
There is always axial or linear line of action of load.

A knuckle joint is a pin joint used to fasten two circular rods. In this joint, one end of the rod
is formed into an eye and the other into a fork (double eye). For making the joint, the eye end
of the rod is aligned into the fork end of the other and then the pin is inserted through the
holes and held in position by means of a collar and a taper pin. Once the joint is made, the
rods are free to swivel about the cylindrical pin. Knuckle joints are used in suspension links,
air brake arrangement of locomotives.
In this report I will discuss the dimensional and geometrical tolerances for the knuckle joint
according to its function.
2. Knuckle Joints Drawing

## Figure 1: Knuckle joint's parts

3. Dimensional Tolerance
Type of fit between the pin (Part 3) and the hole in the fork end (Part 1) whose
diameter is 24mm is Normal running clearance fit (H7/f7).

## Figure 2: Schematic representation of fit

Type of fit between the hole in the fork end (Part 1) and the eye end (Part 2) whose
thickness is 28mm is Normal running clearance fit (H7/f7).

## Figure 3: Schematic representation of fit

Type of fit between the tapered pin end (Part 5) and the Collar (Part 4) and the pin
(Part 3) whose diameter is 5mm is Press fit (H7/r7).

## Figure 4: Schematic representation of fit

4. Geometrical Tolerances
1. Fork End (Part 1)
Calculating the positional tolerance for the fork end (Part 1), if we considered the
assembly of (Part 1), Eye end (Part 2) and Pin (Part 3) as a floating fastener then the
position tolerance will be equal the minimum diameter of clearance hole minus the
maximum diameter of fastener (Pin). So, according to the schematic representation of
fit (Figure 2)
T=HF
T = 24 23.98 = 0.02mm
Why did we use a Position tolerance here?
The reason we used the position tolerance here is to set a tolerance zone within which
the center line of the hole or shaft is permitted to vary from its true position, also to
avoid such an extreme shifting between the center lines of the two holes (see fig. 6)
which wouldnt lead to a successful assembly.

## Figure 5: Holes of the fork end with a great shift

Why did we use a perpendicularity tolerance here with respect to datum B instead of
Parallelism?
If we used parallelism between the 2 surfaces (one of them is a datum) this will nt
ensure an accurate assembly because an extreme position might happen as shown in
the figure below, So I ensured that these 2 surfaces will be parallel to each other by
making both of them perpendicular to datum B.

## Figure 7: Part 1 in extreme position

2. Pin (Part 3)
The usage of such a tolerance in part 3 in to ensure the perpendicularity and avoid an extreme
position (see fig. 7).

## Figure 8: Pin without geometrical

tolerance
3. References
1- Machine Drawing Book by K. L. Narayana