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cody, wyoming

■ Just east of Yellowstone. image: Larry Pirnie (b. 1940). A Wild West Welcome, 2009.
Acrylic on board. Buffalo Bill Center of the West,

■ Five museums – one price.
Cody, Wyoming, USA. Gift of the Artist. 17.09


The Smoke Wagon™
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304 Lenoir Drive Winchester, VA 22603

or call Navy Arms at 304-274-0004 celebrating 100 years of excellence 720 Sheridan the Buffalo Bill Center of the West is proud to partner with Navy Arms and Winchester Firearms to create the Winchester “Centennial Model” 1873 lever-action . Navy Arms has created for sale two outstanding replicas—one hand- engraved. One hundred percent of the profits support the mission of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West and our Cody Firearms Museum.presents the Winchester 1873 “Centennial Model” Rifles To celebrate our centennial in 2017. the other machine-engraved—to celebrate the Center’s 100th Anniversary. Cody. Reserve yours today at codygun. Wyoming | 307-587-4771 | centerofthewest. Using Winchester factory records and original firearms housed at the Center of the West.

Bill Stewart (Sess. more. Charles Copeland. L. This sale will To our knowledge for use by Annie. ME | Auctioneer: James D. Scott. The Remarkable William Larkin Moore Private Estate Coll.jamesdjulia. Cartridge Co. Annie Oakley. quality firearms. 5. Final session of Dr.. All descended through the Custer family and One of The World’s Greatest Marksman. Lifetime Lefever Arms Coll. Two). of Gerald Basham.. Knife. Coll. She was often photographed with this gun and Cashmore capitalized on this in their We are the world’s leading auctioneers of Fairfield. Esteemed Curated Colt Percussion Coll. Extraordinary Gold Inlaid & Ulrich Engraved 1895 Winchester Attributed to Teddy Roosevelt Rare and Important Parker Shotgun Made for Frank Extraordinary and Rare Massive Samuel Bell Bowie Rare Win. Great Provenance Gallagher Carbine from Battle of the Little Bighorn. Featuring prestigious Private Collections and Estates from: Large Collection from Baton Rouge. Sturgess from Zurich. consigned to us directly from the family. his Pacific Extremely Rare and Historic Cashmore Shotgun Made for RR map. Zane Grey incl. Estate of Renowned Texas Coll.. Julia | Lic#: ME: AR83 | MA: AU1406 | NH: 2511 . we sell the greatest number of expensive firearms in a year. Bell. Two). | Tel: +1 207 453-7125 | Fax: +1 207 453-2502 | Web: www. Famous Shootist and Incredible Colt SAA . Robert G. Jr. Stock Was Later Reconfigured the Famous American Dirks). Owned and Carried by Known to Exist (Other Known Bells Are Actually Saddle”. LA. of Steve Ardia (Sess. Carmen Gianforte World’s Largest Single Coll. Two). Extraordinary Firearms Auction October 4. of Daniel C. Historical Western Items to be Offered in this Extraordinary Sale Important Historical Custer Lot includes locks of his hair. Two). The Friedrich-Wilhelm Dauphin Coll. Francis Lombardi | and Proxibid. Coll. We do not sell the greatest number of firearms in a year. Smith Coll. 2016 in Fairfield Maine Our spectacular Fall auction will include approximately $20 Million worth of rare and important firearms. of Scott Lefever. Ex Frost Coll. A Sampling of Some of the Rare. the Allan Hallock Collection of Schuetzen Rifles. Knoxville. Online Bidding Available Through Invaluable. This is the Only "True Bowie" Currently Poster “Girl In Husband of Annie Oakley. his camp stool. U. the Finest Offering of Bowies in Many Years the only one known. Coll. his shaving kit and more. Color Catalogs: $39 Each or $100 for all 3 Special Offer for Readers of True West Only: A Limited Number of Sets of Free Catalogs are Available – Please Mention True West Magazine When You Request Your Free Set.. Novelist. Signed "S. Estate of Tig Sogian. Cox Estate Coll. Ten". Switzerland. high-grade. of Colts (Sess. William Smith Coll.C. and much.S. Adv Butler. Wayne McNeese Coll. of Fine Sporting Arms. The Dr. of Rare Mauser & Luger Pistols from Germany. Jon Roark Coll. 6 & 7. of Reid Knuckledusters (Sess.

Ope n i ngShOt We Take You There t r u e 4 w e st .

– By Benjamin a. in 1888 and operated a photography studio there and in The Dalles. Gifford. Gifford – t r u e 5 w e st . Nomadic Fishermen These Columbia Plateau Indians were photographed by pioneer photographer Benjamin A. who moved to Portland. Oregon.

poses with his cut down saber South Dakota. Cave Creek Rd. February. Leon Metz.TrueWestMagazine. of Company F. Dr. Wild Bill Takes Aim. Arizona. Johnny D. Utah & Wyoming and a revolver. True West (ISSN 0041-3615) is published twelve times a year (January. Inc. 480-575-1881. Del Bene. Crews. Oklahoma. ADVERTISING/BUSINESS Blog. June. Banks. Parke True West fan John Mattson commented on our San Juan Military History Editor: Col. They also had to know how to both shoot and MAPINATOR EMERITUS: Gus Walker ride at the same time. John Beckett. 63. 6702 May. Cave Creek. Robert E.99. 9 TO THE POINT 54 WESTERN BOOKS Information provided is for educational or entertainment purposes 10 TRUTH BE KNOWN 64 WESTERN MOVIES 12 68 only. and at additional mailing offices. $49. North Dakota. POSTMASTER: Please send address change to: True West. Idaho. PRESIDENT & CEO: Bob Boze Bell PUBLISHER & CRO: Ken Amorosano GENERAL MANAGER: Carole Compton Glenn ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER: Dave Daiss SALES & MARKETING DIRECTOR: Ken Amorosano REGIONAL SALES MANAGERS Greg Carroll (greg@twmag. True West captures the spirit of the West with authenticity. November 2016. RENEWALS 16 COLLECTING THE WEST 94 ASK THE MARSHALL AND ADDRESS CHANGES 42 UNSUNG 96 WHAT HISTORY HAS 888-687-1881 TAUGHT ME FAX: 480-575-1903 44 SURVIVAL OUT WEST Follow us on: . Boggs. P.95 per year (12 OPENING SHOT RENEGADE ROADS issues). at Tennessee & Texas Wild Cat Bluff in Texas. Texas Cavalry Regiment. Sherry Monahan. AZ 85327. True West Online TrueWestMagazine. Printed in the 8 SHOOTING BACK 52 FRONTIER FARE United States of America. Simeon J. Colorado. Iowa. Pinterest. Candy Moulton.” HISTORICAL CONSULTANT: Paul Hutton CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Tom Augherton. Linda Wommack Go behind the scenes of True West with Bob Boze Bell to see ARCHIVIST/PROOFREADER: Ron Frieling PUBLISHER EMERITUS: Robert G. Suite #5 Cave Creek. Frederick Nolan. Kansas. Jim Kornberg. Lee’s Sheri Riley (sheri@twmag. Oregon. delayed or incomplete information. Find this and more historical ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT: Susan Kulenkamp photography on our “Western History” board. Minnesota.S. September. December) by True West Publishing. Drew Gomber. Nebraska. True West Publishing. subscription rate is $29. Box 8008. personality and humor by providing a necessary link from our history to our present. Whole #562. Alan C. Kevin Kibsey. Leo W. 7th Montana. INVESTIGATING HISTORY TRUE WESTERN TOWNS 14 OLD WEST SAVIORS 89 WESTERN ROUNDUP SUBSCRIPTIONS. Nevada & Washington Cynthia Burke (cynthia@twmag. October. Andy Thomas. 2016”). Marshall Trimble. Single copies: $5. Periodical postage paid at Cave November 2016 Online and Social Media Content > EDITORIAL EXECUTIVE EDITOR: Bob Boze Bell EDITOR: Meghan Saar EDITORIAL TEAM Senior Editor: Stuart Rosebrook Features Editor: Mark Boardman Copy Editor: Beth Deveny Firearms Editor: Phil Spangenberger Join the Conversation Westerns Film Editor: Henry C. assumes no liability or responsibility for any inaccurate. Army Preservation Editor: Jana Bommersbach Hill photo: “When [Teddy] Roosevelt recruited for what Social Media Editor: Rhiannon Deremo would become the Rough Riders. Terry A. he stipulated that Content Curator: Cameron Douglas any and all of the men who would go to Cuba with him PRODUCTION MANAGER: Robert Ray had to be crack shots with pistol and rifle. #11. Confederate Pvt. Richard H. California. AZ 85327. surrender. AZ 85331. and more of the executive TRUE WEST FOUNDER: Joe Austell Small (1914-1994) editor’s Daily Whipouts (Search for “August 22.S. and expert ART DIRECTOR: Daniel Harshberger GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Rebecca Edwards horsemen.. John Boessenecker. McCubbin his painting. April. August. Huffines. his unit disbanded on May 27. Vol. Allen Barra. nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon. November. Copyright 2016 by True West Publishing.95 for two years (24 issues). Dillon. After the news of Gen. Inc. Gary Roberts. U. U. July. Canadian GST 4 46 Registration Number R132182866. New Mexico.O.

whose plan to murder the Texas gunfighter backfired? —By Norman Wayne Brown 30 36 BURNING THROUGH TEXAS The only tribe to burn and kill its way to a sea inflamed the ire of the Texian Army. —By Bob Boze Bell 30 BUCKSKIN FRANK LESLIE Filling the gaps in the long and illustrious life of a Tombstone legend. Penatekas stayed true to a treaty negotiated with German emigrants. INSIDE THIS ISSUE 18 NOVEMBER 2016 • VOLUME 63 • ISSUE 11 18 THE DOOMED PRINCE OF THE PISTOLEERS This special Classic Gunfights feature explores how James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok earned his fame and how his proficiency with firearms ended up being a curse. —By Tim Dasso 72 FANTASTIC FIREARMS IN CODY Showcasing Old West-era firearms from the Cody Firearms Museum. —By Mike Coppock 35 40 THE UNBROKEN PEACE TREATY After Texas gained statehood. 40 —By Phil Spangenberger Cover design by Dan Harshberger/ Illustration by Bob Boze Bell 72 T R U E 7 W E ST . Webb. on the cusp of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West’s centennial. —By Jack DeMattos 34 34 THE KILLING THAT PUT HARDIN ON THE RUN Just who was Charlie M.

when I saw it in color. but McLaurys (and Billy Claiborne). Thanks for featuring it in your art coverage [October 2016] and for such a great publication. While not exactly historically accurate. Kirk and crew as the Clantons and more words per year until his death at the age of 25. Arizona some intimidating actors as the Earp brothers and Doc Holliday—to capture the feel of classic Westerns. read it from cover to cover each and every month. there’s no comparison. SPECTRE OF THE GUN His first story was published in 1894. this low-budget episode made clever —Michael C. – COURTESY NBC – and it is rich with artifacts and curiosities from his myriad travels during his all-too-short life. Having seen Frederic Remington’s A Dash for the Howard Weinstein Timber when a teenager some 50-odd years ago. Arizona. 1955. Alabama I’m a true fan of True West. you found a typo! It should read . London entered the world as the Old West was starting its slow descent into the history books. not . Westlund use of spare partial sets combined with moody music and lighting—and casting Clarkdale. FORT WORTH. Maryland black and white. Many years later. My guess is that is a typo. stand out in the old black and white.32-40.381) CR#00423 / FEATURED IN FREDERIC REMINGTON: A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ II (UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS) – T R U E 8 W E ST . he had written and Loved Allen Barra’s “The Reel Walk Downs” feature on screen portrayals published hundreds of works. at least in of the most unusual—Star Trek’s cool and creative 1968 episode on NBC. HOLD THE EGGS Bonus Fact: Star Trek’s DeForest Kelley (Leonard “Bones” McCoy) played Morgan Earp in the 1957 movie Gunfight at the O. but the article left out one world’s most prolific English language author. California. but it does provide a different kind of glimpse of the Old West and particularly a most remarkable pioneer. Born in 1876. Mark Boardman responds: DeForest Kelley also played Ike Clanton in a You I realized the riders had packed the pack mule in quite Are There episode. the show that the honor should go to John Keats. at the age of 40. Phil Spangenberger’s article on Virgil Earp’s revolver [October 2016] is excellent. Keep up your great writing! Craig Berkoben Gunnison.S H O O T I NG B AC K C O M P I L E D BY R O B E RT R AY MUSING ON MUSEUMS I was surprised and disappointed that True West’s look at museums [September 2016] gave no mention of the Sharlot Hall Museum in Prescott. and he played a hurry as an egg is still stuck to the frying pan! Didn’t Curley Burne in 1959’s Warlock—a revisionist take on the Tombstone tale. – COURTESY AMON CARTER MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART. however.K. By his death in 1916. as are all his articles. In my book.32-44. giving him the title of the of the famous Tombstone stroll [September 2016]. Thanks for reading True West and for the kind comments on my work. James T. Another worthy contention is the Jack London State Historic Park on the outskirts of Santa Rosa. those London crafted. who cranked out had mysterious aliens cast Capt. Corral. Most likely the correct chambering would be 32-20.32-40 would kick quite hard in that six-gun…if you could even load the gun. Some literati debate “Spectre of the Gun. Colorado Phil Spangenberger responds: Yep. when he was 18. It may not qualify for the top 10 of shoot-’em-up venues. terms of output per years of writing.” In a unique twist on the legendary gunfight. Why the Western motif? Because the mind- Keats wrote romantic poetry. Jack London wasn’t necessarily a “Western” figure. You have good eyes! That . not fiction or essays such as reading aliens knew of Kirk’s pioneer ancestry. I wish it came out every week! Oops! Medrick Northrop Fairhope. He knows his stuff! It is highly unlikely that Smith & Wesson produced that revolver in 32-40. he was a consummate adventurer and known as the “Sailor on Horseback. it was in Elkridge. which aired on CBS on November 6. It is one of a few I read cover to cover in one evening. TEXAS (1961.” The museum was his home.

” the last nickname you. 1896 psychological freak. Hickok also had a wicked sense of humor.” To boot.” The late Joseph G. “I didn’t. “Even today. even though you’ve killed American frontier. who you historical reality. His sister Lydia fondly remembered her brother’s humorous stories in 1915: “When we were children he was always telling just such yarns to amuse the rest of us.” His nickname. After telling a particularly outrageous story. gets the credit for publishing Rosa’s excellent research. “But Bill. They Called Him Wild Bill.” “Shanghai Bill” and “Duck Bill.. I’m thankful to “Wild Bill” Hickok still looms large over the was also known as “Dutch Bill. at TWMag. attempts are being made —”Wild Bill” Hickok’s last words. Joseph G. but the famous gunfighter himself sowed some of the seeds that grew into tall tales. me. Amazing. adding facets to his character and behavior that were not evident during his lifetime. he would reply. beginning with his definitive Hickok biography in 1964. in the beginning of his career. Rosa (right) brought James Thanks to Rosa. Wild Bill does not die by The British scholar who rescued Hickok from all the B. Rosa.” was common on the American frontier. to turn Hickok into some kind of a the dime novel manure spreader. 18. as quoted by Ned Buntline. check out BBB’s daily blog Gunfighter: An Account of Hickok’s Gunfights. how did you escape?” With a poker face. this magazine. Koop claimed to have found more than and outrageous lies. “Wild Bill. once the hand of a woman!” said. – by bob boze bell – allegedly arose because of his prominent nose. The University of Oklahoma Press will find on p. 30 individuals known as “Wild Bill. for a guy named James. Historian Waldo In spite of the tall tales E. we have a better Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok out of myth and into understanding of the real Hickok.True WesT Archives - t r u e 9 w e st . I was killed. James swore that he would do things Kit Carson “never thought of doing. followed by 1982’s The West of Wild Bill Hickok For a behind-the-scenes look at running and the 2003 paperback edition of Wild Bill Hickok. T he outrageous myths and lies about James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok are legion. To The poinT BY B o B B oz e B e l l The Crazy Myths of Duck Bill And the intrepid British scholar who rescued him from a mountain of B.” She added. July 4. in Diamond Dick Library. our Wild Bill “Jack . someone would invariably ask him.S.” In spite of the windies. Hickok certainly achieved that goal.

American actor shown in Gran Torino someone who wasn’t there. but they consider the things government does for others as socialism.” – COURTESY WARNER BROS. on orbiting the happy ’til you’re not happy..” – Shirley Abbott.” Moon alone while Neil Armstrong and Buzz —Don Imus. and that the worst poverty women—or men—can suffer is to be bereft of their past. American radio talk show Aldrin made the first manned moon landing host for “Imus in the Morning” “There’s only one way to have a happy marriage and Old Vaquero Saying as soon as I learn what it is. One of those attitudes—to me a beatitude— is the conviction that the past matters.” – Earl Warren. – T R U E 10 W E ST . that history weighs on us and refuses to be forgotten by us.. I’ll get “History is something that married again.but not free to avoid the abyss he refuses to see.” – Ayn Rand.” Morning’ program. We’re not – Astronaut Michael Collins. T RU T H B E K NOW N C O M P I L E D BY R O B E RT R AY Quotes Bizarro BY DA N P I R A R O “The frontier will nevertheless survive in the attitudes a few of us inherited from it. 14th Supreme Court chief justice “[Man] is free to evade reality. written by – Clint Eastwood. Russian-born American novelist – COURTESY WABC – “I knew I was alone in a way that “This is the ‘Imus in the no earthling has ever been before. in memoir Womenfolks “Most people consider the things which government does for them to be social progress.” never happened.

just born Daytime Telephone No.Annie 10226 Timber Ridge Drive • Ashland. She’d toss clay targets and glass balls into is a stunning celebration of two of America’s greatest was common on the variety circuit. Shipping and handling*Allwillorders are subject be added to shipment. custom-made display case www. Together. Inc. Certificate of Authenticity included. available. and Texas cowboys. Shipping andtax. French President. Uberti and millions of her loyal subjects. luxuriously lined. _____________________________________ To place your reservation toll-free call 1-800-682-2291 Oakley with locking glass lid. unfired legends toured the globe and helped shape the image of condition for a complete refund. commissioned specifically for this project by America The portrait of Cody on the cylinder portrays “Buffalo Remembers decorate each working top-break revolver in Whether you’re a fan of the Wild West. people around the world. chambers without looking. the Buffalo Bill and long hair.” of Authenticity. Sitting Bull named her “Little Sure Shot. They opened eyes and thrilled America Remembers is proud to introduce the Buffalo a generation. And it didn’t hurt that he had was inspired by a firearm belonging to Annie Oakley. Annie was determined the sky and shatter every one before they could hit the Western icons. at the current issue price of $2. The revolver is polished and completely finished in gleaming 24-karat gold. The scrollwork featured on the revolver Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver is sure to be a handsome completed the iconic look. His big hat and buckskin outfit became sparkling 24-karat gold. City. Craftsmen America’s legendary Old West era. add sales and credit verification prior handling will be added to each order.395*. This Tribute revolver display case is available for purchase. Annie Oakley was a reliable shooter. they stand as shining symbols of Bill and Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver. To prioritize your order and confirm availability. but it was one-handed. His trademark classic images of Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley with a handsome presentation firearms. The Wild West Comes to Life With The A Western Classic: Greatest Sharpshooting Partnership in History The Top-Break Revolver On May 9. Buffalo Bill Cody and his Wild The top-break revolver chosen for this Tribute West show arrived in London to entertain Queen Victoria is produced by the master craftsmen of A. his own Wild West extravaganza. With practice. other sidearms of the day and could be operated buffalo. a lover of Bill” in his prime. With only 500 Tributes the Wild West for fans in America and around the world. Cody’s massive and based on the original Schofield model designed traveling extravaganza was part circus sideshow. Native Americans. In addition to your collection. to shipment. the you can call us toll-free at 1-800-682-2291. and gold-finished revolvers – and An Exclusive Edition Annie elegantly attired for a day of shooting holding a The Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver rifle in her arm. and Billy goat beard nickel background. To honor these two legends. Her bullets blew out candles and split playing numbered and accompanied by a numbered Certificate and dress. thrill of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West extravaganza. The classic image of Annie Oakley captures the Blowing kisses as she bounded into the arena. like Cavalrymen. features classic walnut grips. and had already toured across America Manufactured by Smith & Wesson. America Remembers® Presents The Buffalo Bill & Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver The Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley Tribute is a working firearm in caliber . Order today to ensure your plenty of natural charisma. The unfluted cylinder provides an ideal canvas for the detailed Display Case Available portraits of Annie Oakley and Buffalo Bill Cody. An optional custom-built. and Paris and entertained the Pope. . I wish to pay the balance at the rate of “A love of Address ____________________________________________________________ $100 per month. a shooter could refill all the a small. a significant advantage for riders on horseback. *All orders are subject to acceptance and credit verification prior acceptanceCity/State/Zip _______________________________________________________ q Check enclosed for $___________ . the gun was Thirty-day return privilege. the audience dress was in response to the revealing style of costume that was amazed. Their exhibitions defined the American West for Bill and Annie Oakley. elk. cards.” q VISA q MasterCard q AMEX q Discover No. ©AHL. please don’t hesitate to reserve your Tribute Oakley performed for thousands in places like New York today. impressive moustache. The unfluted cylinder features American history or simply a passionate collector of the symbol of the rugged Western hero. It’s said that Annie’s modest choice of from the second she pulled the trigger. Cody’s character was larger- magnificent detail.44-40 E D I T I O N L I M I T: 5 0 0 I wish to reserve ___ of the “Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver” Name ______________________________________________________________ a working Top-Break Model Revolver. My deposit of $195 per Tribute is enclosed. Annie Oakley would select a weapon from her small arsenal sophisticated legend of the Old West. BA R R E L L E N G T H : 7 ” CALIBER: . The image features of rifles. If you are not completely satisfied.44-40. 1887. breathing frontier hero and of your choice. no interest or carrying charges. It was a sprawling depiction of Schofield revolver could be loaded quicker than American frontier life that included live horses. part by Major George Schofield for his Cavalry troops. young lady from Ohio who stole the show. Virginia residents please to eachtoorder. My payment of $149* is enclosed or add to credit card. the original to packed audiences. and other major world leaders. Each Tribute will be individually to set herself as a proper Victorian-era lady in manner ground. rodeo roundup. Virginia 23005 Display Case q I wish to reserve the optional. Virginia residents please add sales tax. _________ America Remembers ® . The legacy of Buffalo Bill Cody and Annie Oakley It’s hard to imagine two people who loom larger in lives in the rich mix of legend and history they helped the history of Old West entertainment than Buffalo create. We will arrange delivery of your working Tribute through a licensed firearms dealer Buffalo Bill was a living. wooden featured in 24-karat gold and nickel. The two American you may return your Tribute to us in original. ( _______ ) ___________________________________ q Charge payment of $ ___________ to: in me. Rome. this Tribute captures the excitement and position in this edition honoring two of America’s than-life and he was able to stand out even in the midst of favorite Old West legends – Buffalo Bill & Annie Oakley. shotguns.

He apparently gave contra. Marcus Reno is shown circa 1880. and I saw nothing that indicated and depressing him. he was already under suspension next to Reno—the Sioux’s clear him—or and while subordinates in for alleged improper conduct toward blood and brains showered the officer’s face—the end his military some instances did more for the safety of the another officer’s wife. major lost his composure. Myles Moylan.” drummed out of the service. It could clear him—or end his military career. Reno personal grudges against the major. Case closed—at least officially. but failed. called clear his name. in my opinion. Libbie. Recognizing that bravery? Both were civilian workers with his men faced overwhelming odds. On that fateful day in Montana Territory. the Little Big Horn. 1876. leaving Lt. he was court-martialed again. the tation is: coward. career. Six weeks after the Custer verdict. The commander who failed to press the behalf. Reno was accused of being drunk on duty. Illinois. coming down as brave as any man there. Army scout The inquiry could conduct of the officers Reno helped their cause. the held out until help arrived on June 27. To protect one case in which he was exonerated was Reno made mistakes. under such circumstances usually can give The accusations tore at Reno. Ironically. at the Palmer House hotel in Chicago. The 26-day inquiry started on January 13. Custer’s Reno spent the rest of his life trying to joined Capt. 1879. Was he a coward? Custer’s name. including Capt. rest reached the high bluffs across the river. Captain Thomas McDougall Reno led three companies of the 7th on a said Reno was “perfectly cool [and]…was charge of the Indian village. that suspension ended. and worsening his cowardice about him. The animadversion [criticism] from this Court. they continued spreading the one most folks think he was guilty of— Most of the witnesses—21 of the 23 men stories about Reno’s drunkenness and the Battle of the Little Big Horn. Frederick Benteen’s forces and allies.I N V E ST I GAT I NG H I ST O RY BY M A R K B O A R D M A N The Coward of Little Big Horn Or not? Depends on which witnesses you believe in the inquiry against Marcus Reno. man who ran at the Battle of during which he fled the scene after U.” drinking problem. out within days: “The When U. who attack on the Indian village. angering them. Col. At the time of Bloody Knife was killed throughout was excellent the inquiry. Three officers presided over the 23 witnesses who fleshed out the battle. Indians and the report came broke into the ranks.” This time.S. BLOODY KNIFE PHOTO COURTESY GLENN SWANSON COLLECTION – he called for a court of inquiry into the matter. M arcus Reno’s historical repu. George scout Bloody Knife (below) was killed next Custer and the men of the 7th Cavalry to to him. the verdict a whitewash. command by brilliant displays of courage than But in 1880. He hurt so bad that – TRUE WEST ARCHIVES. especially his widow. He was a year before an inquiry investigated his role at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.S. A drunk unsure said Reno gave orders “as coolly as a man of what he was doing on June 25-26. T R U E 12 W E ST . withdrew to a stand of trees near the Little The inquiry ended on February 11 Big Horn River. (including Reno)—said he was not a cowardice. The majority testified on Reno’s die. dictory orders before riding did Major Reno there was striking a junior officer and being a “peeping out of the trees—a charge that turned into nothing in his conduct which requires tom.” the valley while Custer and his five companies The two men who questioned Reno’s attacked from the north. yellow-belly. Reno was found guilty and a retreat and left many of his men dead.


A Clear Path to a
Clear Fork Post
A Texas man’s path of exceptional stewardship over a fort that traces back to the 1850s.

Jim Alexander stands with his wife, Jerri, on the opening day of Fort Phantom Hill
to the public, on June 9, 1972. The Texas fort got its name because, when approached
from certain directions, the fort looks like it is on a rise, but once travelers reach
the spot, it is on flat land.

When he inspected the ruins on the many other sites if not for Jim Alexander’s
property at the Clear Fork of the Brazos commitment to its preservation.”
River, he says he found “a real mess. Jim remembers clearing away trees and
You could hardly see the chimneys.” brush and decades of neglect with his wife.
But this “mess” began life on a The couple got the site listed on the National
November day too, setting him forward Register of Historic Places and worked with
on a project he shared with his late experts to develop a long-term plan that
wife, Jerri. included stabilizing the remaining chimneys
To protect settlers from the and ruins. In 1997, the Alexanders deeded
Comanches, the U.S. Army founded the property to the nonprofit Fort Phantom
Fort Phantom Hill on November 14, Foundation, and supported and encouraged
1851. It only lasted four years before an in-depth historical study of the site by
soldiers departed and it burned to historian Martha Doty Freeman.
the ground. In 1858, the fort was For several years, Jim sponsored a living
brought back to life and served history rendezvous that drew many,
several functions: as including thousands of
a stagecoach and mail
stop for the Butterfield
“...this fort schoolchildren. In 2012, he
oversaw the construction of
Overland route, as a
resting point for the
would have a stone pavilion that featured
a kiosk offering history for
cattle trail, as a camp
vanished into self-guided tours.
The fort is in West Texas,

J time like so
im Alexander has always liked for Confederate soldiers. along the 650-mile Texas
November. It’s his birth month—he Then everyone left, and the Forts Trail. “It’s kind of a lonely
turns 82 on November 7—and he fort fell to ruin. many other ol’ place,” Jim says. “It’s
shares the month with the focus of his life’s Jim and Jerri began a amazing how many people go
work, which has earned him the Chairman’s lifetime commitment to sites....” out there.”
Award for Exceptional Stewardship of a restore this piece of Texas Jim still lives on his family
Historic Property from the Texas Historical history. Now cleaned up, Fort Phantom Hill ranch, still visits the fort regularly and still
Commission. is open to the public, sunrise to sunset, celebrates his connection to Texas history
When Jim was growing up in Jones for free. every November.
County in Texas, the ruins “right south of “Fort Phantom Hill is a pristine snapshot
our ranch” were a jumble of stone chimneys of a nearly forgotten time in Texas history,” Jana Bommersbach has earned recognition as Arizona’s
and overgrown mesquite trees, he says. His said John L. Nau, III, while presenting Jim Journalist of the Year and won an Emmy and two Lifetime
Achievement Awards. She cowrote the Emmy-winning
grandfather owned the land, then his uncle. his award last December. “Certainly this Outrageous Arizona and has written two true crime books,
In 1969, Jim bought it. fort would have vanished into time like so a children’s book and the historical novel Cattle Kate.

14 W E ST

There are the scurvy dogs that. issue of Harper’s Weekly. appeared in the May 12. hammered down of only 10 lifetime casts. Ninety years after the dying artist seven months before his sculpted Spirit of Winter.” Russell wrote in 1909 in collection. Russell in March 1926.000. a few Montana if they will sit still and see a lot of months before his death on October 24. The gaunt. Notable Western Art Lots Included (All images courtesy Coeur d’Alene Art Auction) T R U E 16 W E ST . His with their savage faces. with no help from had tried to tell is to the illustration: “The starving Indians. Russell’s attitude differed from the decaying teeth. 600 Piegans who died during that winter scene of starving Crow who shot a During his cowboy years Starvation Winter because they range cow and are discovered by two in the Judith Basin. on July 23. heathen converter and Indian civilizer before Russell was born. The caption past that notoriously bad starva. shortness of breath and a prevailing view in Montana.” doesn’t look very good for the people of Charles M. and stealing horses…. Indians who continued to suffer federal government. The artist’s personal of Yankeedom cannot understand it and A member of the Taos Society of Artists. was not the first time he illustrates how close in depiction the bronze tion winter. represented the torment and aside for this exclusive occupation…yet suffering of the Blackfoot and Crows during the big-hearted. a bronze that Russell historian Brian have been prowling around the Musselshell. killing stock artist’s own indescribable spirit. which moved through his hands onto Russell lived to sculpt this one last hammered down at $550. Trails Plowed Under. in the introduction for his short story kind of weather. are snarling as Spirit of Winter. the clay that shaped this protest on behalf of the approximately powerful bronze. C. It 1888. Dippie has stated best illustrates the Judith and Missouri valleys.000. they scent the blood-drops in the snow. The ‘Noble (?) Red The grisly figure. the Great Falls Tribune. Piegans and Crows Winter. as expressed goiter problem for which he had an operation by Robert Sutherlin in an 1885 Mineral that July. Although suffering from a bad back. notable American West artworks at the Coeur d’Alene Art Auction in Reno. was sold among at $300. surrounded by snarling Man’…must remain on the grounds set wolves. the federal government. Russell still worked on his art. twenty years eyed. are even more grim from hunger.” sculpted by Charles M. one death. torment in these last days of his life will probably protest. Nevada. wolf-like.C O L L E C T I NG T H E W E ST BY M E G H A N S A A R Starvation Winter A master storyteller’s bronze captures both his own and his subject’s mortality. philanthropical. which earned collectors nearly $16 million. goggle- the Starvation Winter of 1883-84. Any time I cash in now. sore-backed horses are humped by the cold. “It their story. sought to help the destitute food rations from the Caught in the Act. he sculpted Spirit of small lodges of Bloods. women and children starve to death in this 1926. Russell did not receive the promised cowboys while butchering the animal. the bronze.” Walter Ufer painted Sundown in 1916. Argus editorial: “During the past summer Through all that pain. Russell wrote. I win.

Russell artwork at the auction was his 1897 oil. Frank Tenney Johnson’s Renegade Apaches (right).com • 513-871-1670 A collector successfully bid november 19-20. Upcoming AUctions november 1-2. An Upset (left).000 for this Vintage Movie Posters 1915 oil.2 million bid. but had a heavy barrel that made the rifle difficult to hold steady. sold for a $350. Turning the Heritage Auctions (Dallas. TX) Lead (left). which sold for a $550. sold for a $1. painted in 1925. 2016 Historic Firearms and Early Militaria Cowan’s Auctions (Cincinnati. which excelled at long-range accuracy.000 bid. The horse is protected by the load. 2016 $275. 2016 California and Western Paintings & Sculpture Bonhams (Los Angeles. CA) Bonhams. The Indian grips two arrows as a bipod to support the Sharps rifle. OH) Cowans.000 bid. which sold for a $700. dancing to the tune of a .com • 323-850-7500 t r u e 17 w e st . Will this dude from the East.000 • 877-437-4824 William Gollings. prove himself a good sport to this act of Old West bullying? William R. The top-selling Charles M. The top-selling lot. but cannot live longer than 20 minutes in position shown since the weight of intestines on his lungs will smother him. Howard Terpning’s The Long Shot (left). by E. Leigh’s 1944 oil. november 21. painted in 1982. HA. The Tenderfoot (right). shows hunters hastening to save a pack horse who has fallen in snow.45.

Within the next 20 years.. a vigilante. with his brother Lorenzo.S.. swaggering fellow. in 1856. a gambler.” James’s greatest strength—his speed and accuracy with pistols—will turn out to be his greatest weakness. a teamster. so claims legendary U. who delighted when ‘on a spree’ to frighten nervous men and timid women.” Or. His life as the Prince of the Pistoleers is about to begin. leaves home at age 18. military leader George Custer. he will become known as the “greatest of all Western scouts. One account describes James as “. a lawman. born on a farm in northern Illinois in 1837. T R U E 18 W E ST . James works at various frontier jobs.a drunken. and that’s where we will start. James is described as a farmer. THE DOOMED PRINCE OF BY BOB BOZE BELL – ALL ILLUSTRATIONS BY BOB BOZE BELL UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED – J ames Butler Hickok. including teamster and stage driver. a gunfighter and a bad actor. gravitating to Kansas Territory. a spy. In his day.

Pass aramie a drink of water. David hills. Moments after he n ridger Statio South Sweetwater R. He makes a Express n MINN. shoot-out. rank in growth of primitive grasses. 1861 JAMES BUTLER HICKOK In journalist Col.D. David’s son. earny rt’s C Carso Willia Jules seph Sacra d No James Woods and James Gordon. IDAHO S. ARK. TEXAS OKLA. N. and his pursuers follow his blood and the dog. and two employees ride up to Rock Creek Station in Nebraska Territory. Pl t St. lawmen arrest James. Rock Creek is first known as Weyth over an alleged theft. VS George Ward Nichols’ fantasy D AV I D M C C A N L E S account. fights 10 men at once during the Rock Creek Leaving his hired hands at the barn. a Pony Express rider. Mi y tation Fort L ssour ke Cit i R. an assistant Creek “cut and intersticed with deep.” armed with a pistol and shotgun. Statio fatal mistake when he asks Hickok for The Route ORE. Giant oaks. his bloodhound follows him. Gordon escapes into the brush.M. though not fatally. Jane supposedly smashes Woods’s KAN. CALIF. Waud’s tell the occupants to clear out. elms and cottonwoods studded the banks of these streams. The Pony Express station can be seen in the circa 1861 photo below. little flats in the bends of its winding course. 20). An argument ensues. perhaps aided by her still-frightened husband. in 1912. suppos- edly by James W. stands outside the doorway and berates David for an earlier incident. skull with a hoe. but Jane drives him away. the Pony Express Struggle for Life. steps inside the house to get it. The boy safely escapes into the brush. woodcut. saying David – COURTESY HARPER’S has no such authority (see “The Deadly NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE. but – ALL IMAGES TRUE WEST ARCHIVES UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED – ARIZ. The Horace Wellman. Three days later. rush up from the barn and are shot. station keeper. with A known bully. Hickok Fort B ek n City mento NEB.THE PISTOLEERS JULY 12. nwoo Fort K Robe r th Rock R. N. James Butler Hickok D avid McCanles. re Salt L allegedly fires a shot that kills David. irregular gorges and canyons. Rock Creek Station during which he had thrashed her father A regular camping spot on the Oregon Trail. fed by the springs that issue from the walls of rock under the Bill. UTAH COLO. charging them with murder. and the advises him to keep away. Jo a te Cotto David’s employees. They are released when the judge rules the trio was defending company property. T R U E 19 W E ST . “Doc” Brink. David is usually the hillsides surrounding clothed with the shorter grasses suitable for pasturage. historians do not know if he carried MONT. William.” p. Pony those weapons that day. refuses. runs to his father’s side. William. Horace’s common-law wife. NEV.D. Creek. his son. as David and son go to the main house and illustrated in Alfred R. appears in the doorway. Horace and Brink. but wrote Charles Dawson. and a frightened Horace retreats into the house while Jane. MO. through which station tender not yet known as Wild flow crystal streams. He is killed by a shotgun blast. Rock James Butler Hickok. FEBRUARY 1867 – Deal. m’s S IOWA a Creek burg WYO.

the lovebirds marry on March 5. somewhat sadfaced man” who “bent low in a courtly bow. Wellman reported the Pony Express company was bankrupt. William. funds. After several years of correspondence. David’s 12-year-old son. Nebraska Territory. His wife and kids showed up to find Shull (described as a domestic in census returns). and misappropriated county to David’s mistress. David was concerned about delinquent payments. Hickok meets his future wife. The next day. which made Mrs.“I came close to having an affair with Hickok. Sarah Shull (shown with of James’s attraction her below). When Louisa Cody. The company negotiated to pay David one- third down. Russell. met Hickok at a dance in 1870. He later built a ranch close by and sent for his family. David McCanles Sarah Shull t r u e 20 w e st . When they returned on July 11. notes. Fleeing North Carolina in 1859 with undoubtedly because his mistress. wife of showman Buffalo Bill. In April 1860. Horace Wellman.” Libby Custer. an upset David rides over to Rock Creek to evict the tenants. Wyoming Territory.” And then they danced—more than once. the widow of a circus owner. in Cheyenne. In 1871. to travel to company headquarters and investigate. Majors & Waddell organized the Pony Express and rented Rock Creek as a relay station. 1876. in Rock Creek. But she put up with the presence of the mistress—barely. accompanied Wellman. and improved them.” Shown here around the time of the —Sarah Shull shoot-out that kills David McCanles. Wild Bill and the Ladies More than a few ladies are enchanted by James Butler Hickok. “He was really a very modest man and very free from swagger and bravado. wife of George. Agnes Lake Thatcher. James Butler Hickok The Deadly Deal felt friction between him and David. she described him as a “mild- appearing. By June. with the remainder to be paid in three monthly installments. and he persuaded the station keeper. He is unsuccessful. He – Courtesy NatioNal arChives – bought a small overland station and corral. ex-Sheriff David McCanles settled Sarah Shull. McCanles furious.

in The Weekly Patriot. The former friends were playing cards when Wild Bill refused to play with Tutt again because he kept picking fights.” Now Tutt is on the square. 1865 “ Wild Bill” Hickok vs d av e T u T T d ave Tutt walks onto the town square in Springfield. from the table. they got crossways with each other. who ends Wild Bill and Tutt step onto the up charged with murder. Rumors have been circling left between the 5th and 7th rib. Wild Bill was winning all the hands. Barnitz arrests Wild Bill. To keep in the game by proxy. and he is strutting. t r u e 21 w e st .m. Wild Bill Co l eg yells at Tutt. the military commander of the Springfield post who witnesses the duel. Court Dave Tutt House later. Missouri (above). the first known reference to Hickok as “Wild Bill” appears. MISSOURI prized possession. From across the square. courthouse. across the square unless dead men can walk. After Wild Bill reportedly paid him. on July 27. that watch across the square next day The state College 80 ya St. Missouri. but instead of reaching for the watch. each with “two revolvers strapped to their belts.” says Col. Louis James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok and  that Tutt should not show off this Dave Tutt step onto the town square Boonville St. Unfortunately for Tutt. dressed to the nines.. Missouri. Not amused. on a Friday. but Tutt took Wild Bill’s prized Waltham repeater 50 miles watch. Wild Bill announced Jefferson City St. 1865: James is “better known in Southwest Missouri as ‘Wild Bill. He is about wards and falls near the steps of the to face off with a known adversary.” Both are “noted scouts..’” that the debt was only $25. Tutt gave money to every man who played cards with Wild Bill. Another night. Louis at noon. Tutt is dead. advising him not to carry e the watch. The street Both men fire “ the distance of about 100 paces. claiming it was an outstanding debt In post-Civil War Springfield. who vowed to “pack N vocal insults at each other. Edwin Ebert This feud begins over gambling. Tutt puts his hand behind him. Tutt accused Wild Bill of owing $40 for a horse trade. from a previous game. as collateral.” that their tiff is over a woman. they go for their guns. When Wild Bill’s shot hits Tutt in the heart. James Butler Hickok kills Dave Tutt. street. Albert Barnitz. desperadoes “.” Wild Bill replied to Tutt’s rd s boast: “Tutt shouldn’t pack that watch The city “Wild Bill” Hickok South St. he pulls out his pistol. July 21. —Dr. James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok. Wild Bill replied Afterwards. A moment ARK.” Although they were between the 5th and 7th rib and passed out on the once friends. the gambler stumbles back- at 6 p. Tutt asked for another $35. KAN.a bullet had entered [Tutt] on the right side and gamblers. and hurl spurred on Tutt. at the Lyon House.. Wild Bill’s threat Springfield in Springfield.. ILL.

“There was a cause of a quarrel between us which people round here don’t know about. One of us had to die. an ex-Confederate from Arkansas. Locals claimed he was “intimate for years” with Wild Bill Hickok (at left). and the secret died with him. as quoted by Col.” —James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok. was living in Springfield for about a year. After shooting down Dave Tutt. t r u e 22 w e st . four years pass before Wild Bill kills another man. in Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. that all changes. George Ward Nichols. February 1867 Davis Kasey “Little Dave” Tutt (at right). But one summer night.

whips out a William F. Wild Bill blouse. At some point. John Kile. Lonergan gives up his grip and joins Kile on the disabled list. Despite Lonergan’s best efforts. Wild Bill wastes no time. for causing a ruckus in John Bitter’s Beer Saloon. July 17.. The next month. a number of troopers seize their guns.” but word. Rosa believed this One trooper. Strawhun. Kansas. and now the most famous scout on the Plains. MCCubbin ColleCtion – commotion. when Bill and does everything in his power to Wild Bill acted in Buffalo keep the deputy marshal’s arms away Bill’s Combination. “makes tracks for the back of the saloon. taking the glass and sash with him. Wild Bill receives a leg wound. hitting Kile in the wrist.. on November 2. be a stage costume.and his pistols. Bill Mulvey (or Melvin). The resulting shot hits Lonergan in the kneecap. pins down Wild during 1873-74. “Wild Bill” “ Wild Bill” Hickok Hickok kills a drunken man in Hays City. Peter Lanahan. and snaps it. each trying to get an advantage.” G. Without warning. Hickok is defeated in the sheriff election by his deputy. with the bartender in Paddy Welch’s Place in Hays City. a from his body. Amid the yelling and ensuing – Courtesy robert G. Stunned.” to stop him from rampaging through town.. “puts the muzzle into Wild Bill’s wears what looks to ear. Pushing against the much larger man. The people must d eputy U. yet unlike any other of his class. 1870 Deadly Sheriff In August 1869.. finally turning his pistol far enough to fire. Lonergan desperately fights for his life as he tries to keep Wild Bill’s pistol barrel pointed away from him.S.” jumps “through a window. “Buffalo Remington pistol from underneath his Bill” Cody. A second round hits Kile in the side.then they cannot find Wild Bill. He scrambles to his feet. Kansas. When news of the gunfight reaches Fort Hays. head for Hays City and “He was a Plainsman in every sense of the search all the “saloons and dives. Marshal James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok converses have felt they got a different kind of “law” than they wanted.” and makes good his escape. two 7th Cavalry troopers attack Wild Bill from the rear. describing James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok t r u e 23 w e st . “through the vs neck and lungs. and he rolls away in agony. in his first month as sheriff of Ellis County.” The pistol misfires. either from a gunshot or the scuffling. Wild Bill removes one pistol from his holster and fires a round. powerful pugilist photograph of “Wild Bill” may have been taken Jeremiah Lonergan. A newspaper later reports that Hickok biographer Joseph “five soldiers attacked Bill. shooting out saloon T H e 7 T H c ava l ry mirrors and whiskey bottles. traveling theatrical An eyewitness claims that a second group organized by soldier. he aims his deadly pistol at Samuel O. pinning “Wild Bill” in Buckskins his arms and wrestling him to the floor. Wild Bill fights with all his might.” —George Custer. Wild Bill and the two soldiers grapple on the floor.

Wild Bill struggles to free his pistol from his holster Wild Bill’s fast draw is his (1). with a rapidity that was truly wonderful and a peculiarity of his was that the two were presented and discharged simultaneously. being ‘out and off’ before the average man had to think about it. He never seemed to take any aim. John Kile pulls out a Remington pistol from under his coat and prepares to pounce. but it soon proves to be a weakness. yet he never missed. t r u e 24 w e st . Heroes of the Plains. and he spins away. MCCubbin ColleCtion – Wild Bill’s Luck Runs Out Most people think Hollywood created the “fast draw. A second shot hits the reeling Kile in the side. 1876: 2 “The secret of Bill’s success was his ability to draw and discharge his pistols. greatest strength.” After Kile’s pistol misfires. 1 This haunting image of Wild Bill hung in the home of his sister Lydia for many years. on August 25. – Courtesy robert G. published by the Chicago Tribune. Wild Bill clears leather and fires. Wild Bill fights 15 men in this illustration published in James Buel’s 1883 tome.” but here is a contemporaneous comment on “Wild Bill” Hickok’s speed. the photo shows Wild Bill looking wistful. hitting Kile in the wrist (2).While Jeremiah Lonergan slips up behind “Wild Bill” Hickok at the bar. Believed to have been taken in the early 1870s.

Wild Bill’s coat. “as he can find. But a Named after the Biblical city of the plains. When shot fired outside the Alamo Saloon. instead of following others who herd them to Waterville. heads east.. The First Queen Abilene.” Many citizens make quick as thought. News reports claim at least 50 cowboys were gathered on the street at the time before. When heavy rain sullies the town’s Dickinson County Fair. OctOber 5. as it looks while “Wild Bill” Hickok resides in the Kansas town. Wild Bill. The first cattle season. Kansas—not an easy job. pulls his two Colt Navy hour. The Lone Star bovines carried a tick that transferred splenic fever. But he is murdered that eight months until the town relieves him the first train loaded with Texas cattle November. mortally wounding gambler Phil Coe in front of the Alamo cleaned out the brothels the month Saloon. about 50 He earlier warned the cowboys against emerges from the shadows. McCoy wanted to find a shipping point clear of the restrictions against Texas Longhorn cattle. man until the appointment of Tom Bill” Hickok on April 15. Wild Bill humors the and fires twice. A cattle buyer from Illinois. Wild Bill is not popular with the Texans in the town. Abilene becomes a cattle shipping point when Joseph McCoy sets up operations there. when Smith in 1870. he realizes he has killed cowboys pull this trick on Wild Bill. Within an themselves scarce as the evening Chronicle. bullying and group standing in front of the Alamo the kerosene lamps and his nerves on intimidating patrons into buying them and encounters Phil Coe. hope for higher prices. Wild Bill’s days as a out of hand. mankiller are over. wears on. Either way. 1871. sees the man. Wild Bill hears a Others in the crowd are hurt. First a stagecoach stop and sell short or winter the cows. he pulls another pistol his and a one-time city jailer. in the stomach. and Marshal James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok has kept the peace in Abilene. then turns and disarms everyone Phil Coe has sworn to get Wild Bill Wild Bill reacts in a flash and. many local cowmen are in a sour mood. Some accounts suggest the in his hand. known as Texas fever. He serves begins on September 5. Coe claims he fired at a stray dog. After a few stopgap lawmen of his duties. which Abilene does not have a local law. another man brandishing a pistol t r u e 25 w e st . The marshal warns them “before the frost. When the 1871 of the Cowtowns cattle season ends. the town appoints “Wild traditionally runs from May to October. Plus. so he confronts the not recognizing him in the glare of saloon on the main drag. Abilene is far enough west that the incoming herds will not contaminate domestic stock. At about 9 p. then a stop on the tracks of the Union Pacific Railway (Eastern Division). the reports imply that several were injured by ricochet bullets. was killed in the line of duty. Those who keep their cattle in Abilene. come and go. The last marshal. a personal friend of sweeping him off his feet and carrying as he says this. cowboys wander from saloon to carrying firearms. leaving the drovers with little choice but to cowtown. Abilene is the first Kansas shortage of freight cars keeps the prices low. 1867.” according to the all to clear out of town. while the other thuds Alamo and lays him down on a billiard Rumors swirl that Texas gambler into the ground between his legs. but Michael Williams. having “Wild Bill” Hickok returns fire. him into a saloon. instinctively fires.m. shooting Coe twice Devastated. on the order of the city council. table. drovers face financial losses. one ball goes through Wild Bill carries Williams into the boys and buys them a round. legendary Thomas J. When he drinks. Smith. with a pistol high alert. 1871 “ Wild bill” HickOk vs PHil cOe t he summer cattle season is all but over. of the shooting. fearful that things may get revolvers and fires. the place is deserted.

Earlier. among them Calamity Jane. October 15. hundred. audience. Wild “Wild Bill was a bad actor most anywhere. In 1875. Illinois. Wild Bill goes missing. to organize an expedition to engulfing the first three rows) must have thrilled an already captivated the Black Hills. around July 12. he is arrested in Cheyenne and charged with vagrancy. Wild Bill spends less than a month in —Inter-Ocean newspaper. on shooting and fancy shots. Wyoming MCCUBBIN COLLECTION – Territory. on or about June 27. 1876. (Shown. from far left) A Man Out of His Element “Wild Bill” Hickok joins “Texas Jack” Omohundro Wild Bill returns to the West in and “Buffalo Bill” Cody 1874. a long ways off. On June 17.the sight of Wild Bill suddenly drawing a pair of Colt’s Navy revolvers Bill returns to Cheyenne. on his way to meet theatrical troupe.” wrote Joseph G. After a short honeymoon 15. Missouri. bouncing around quite a bit. on September March 5. Later that day. in 1867. 1873. Wild “. A turning point for Wild Bill is his Wild Bill walks on stage one night to give an “exhibition of rapid pistol. His career as a killer is catching Bill” Cody and John Baker “Texas up to him. Louis and Kansas City. at Fort Zarah in Kansas: Bill” Hickok to join them in a “I would be willing to take my oath on the Bible tomorrow that I have killed over a new play. 12 English lords hire Wild Bill as a scout for their hunts. T R U E 26 W E ST . Wyoming Territory. Rosa in Wild Bill Hickok. it is his last stop. “Buffalo Bill” Cody and “Texas Jack” – COURTESY ROBERT G. On to act out frontier scenes July 18.. despite a couple glimpses of him in the press. Leaving for Deadwood. Bill’s party grows during the journey. Wyoming and opening fire ‘Gatling gun fashion’ (despite the cloud of powder smoke Territory. Michael In 1873. A Bad Actor Wild Bill suffers remorse after he accidentally kills his friend. Chicago. at her home in Cincinnati. Omohundro in Cheyenne. he rides a train through North for Cody’s traveling Topeka. William F. “Buffalo Williams.. the group includes several on the stage. 1911 Deadwood. To combat that. marriage to Agnes Lake Thatcher. Scouts of the Plains.” reports the New York Clipper. he makes Cheyenne. in Kansas City. He does not enjoy the fakery A New Start of the shows.” Wild Bill arrives in New York and promptly beats up a cab driver who tries to cheat him. he told journalist Jack” Omohundro invite “Wild Henry M. Ohio. Stanley. By but he was an especially bad actor the time he reaches Deadwood. his base for the next two years. Dakota Territory. Some surmise that he has hit rock bottom. Between trips to St. Kansas.” prostitutes.

“Wild Bill” Hickok wears a butt-forward double holster rig in this photograph of him. and he is still for a moment. Wild Bill joins their game. once again asks Rich to trade places. Massie and Charlie Henry Rich. uncomfortable with the fact that his back is exposed to the open bar and rear door.” McCall steps forward. He usually sits along the west wall. the other players chide Wild Bill. The bullet exits out Wild Bill’s right cheek near the bottom of his nose. Nuttall and Mann’s No. telling him he has nothing to worry about this early in the day. t r u e 27 w e st . pulls a pistol from his clothing and points it at the back of Wild Bill’s head. Entering around noon. he encounters about a half- dozen men. pulling the trigger at the same instant. Then he falls sideways off his stool onto the floor. He dies instantly. The four men have been playing draw poker for almost three hours when Jack McCall (also known as Bill Sutherland) walks through the front door. pauses. and asks Rich for his “regular” seat. a card dealer Wild Bill knows from his days in Cheyenne. then moves down the length of the bar. Wild Bill takes the empty seat. whip the pistols around into firing position. but Rich is occupying that seat. to the Lewis. facing the front door. Wild Bill recognizes Missouri River steamboat captain William R. His head moves slightly forward. they throw JAck MccAll W forward out of the holster. near the rear entrance of the saloon. stopping momentarily at the scales sitting on the end of the bar. Wyoming Territory. heads over to the bar. ild Bill Hickok walks from his allowing for Wild Bill to camp on the edge of Deadwood. he broke me on that hand. Wild Bill. Dakota Territory. When he slams his hands on the back of vs his pistols. Wild Bill prefers that seat’s view of the entire room. including good views of the front and back doors. “The old duffer. 1876 fast draws in his various “ Wild Bill” Hickok gunfights. but the gambler refuses to move. Wild Bill throws down his hand in disgust and says. This time. Wild Bill sits in the only available seat. 10 Saloon. This holster style allows for his August 2. Three men are playing draw poker.


The nose is what is commonly called ‘snub’.Jack McCall Alias: Bill Sutherland Age: About 25 years old when he kills Wild Bill Home: Uncertain. NO. either Jefferson Town.a small sandy mustache covers a sensual mouth. Massie Jack McCall enters the in his left arm.. The bullet exits Wild Bill and Charlie Rich strikes Capt. aims a pistol at “Wild Bill” Hickok George Shingle and fires. he starts Gold scales toward the rear door. is very narrow. After shooting Hickok. Cross-eyes and a florid complexion. the wrist. then abruptly turns. Dakota Territory August 2. 10 Saloon Deadwood.” Also noted: “coarse double chin is partially hidden by a stiff goatee. end of the bar. 1876 Around 3 p. Louisiana Description: “His head which is covered by a thick crop of chestnut hair. t r u e 28 w e st . Kentucky. then moves down to the gold scales. At first. or New Orleans. then runs out the back door. brown overalls and heavy shoes. he is clad in a blue flannel shirt. After hesitating Carl Mann at the scales. just above saloon from the front. the stunned He walks to the upper Massie thinks Wild Bill shot him. William R. McCall challenges Harry Young the others in the saloon.m. Wild Bill is fatally wounded and falls to the floor.” Clothing: At his trial..

where he bragged about killing the great Wild Myth: The hand Hickok is holding is Aces & Eights. published by University of Oklahoma Press Wild Bill’s fame was so great that three of his grave markers have been chipped away or stolen over the years. Colonel George May obtained a federal arrest warrant and took McCall Fact: No one knows what hand he holds (cards go into custody on August 29. marshal when Alexander Gardner takes this photograph at Fort Harker. McCall admitted Fact: His only movement is a slight jerk of the head. McCall Bill falls forward. – COURTESY ANTHONY GARNETT – T R U E 29 W E ST . Wild Captured and tried the next day in the new Deadwood Theatre. The killer was found guilty and hanged on March 1. “Wild Bill” Hickok. from behind the bar to help Wild Bill.S. Recommended: The West of Wild Bill Hickok and They Called Him Wild Bill by Joseph G. jury of miners found him not guilty. far left in white hat. is a deputy U. 1877. Bill. he draws both six-shooters. Kansas. McCall screamed at everyone. in quickly. the cards fall from his hand. Backing toward the rear door. Wyoming Territory. December 1876. but then Massie saw Jack McCall standing over the table with a gun. “Come Five Myths of the Shooting on ye sons-a-bitches!” He cocked his pistol and fired. testified Wild Bill had shot his brother Fact: He falls sideways (some say backwards). Rosa. Myth: When he is shot. Myth: When Wild Bill is shot. the Dakota Territorial capital. Fact: Wild Bill easily sees but the gun misfired again. Massie in his left arm above the wrist. The Myth: His card hand spills onto the table. but the pistol failed Myth: Wild Bill sits with his to shoot. who had moved out back to the front door. Aftermath: Odds & Ends The bullet that killed James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok passed through and hit William R. McCall left town and headed to Laramie Fact: As he hits the floor. flying everywhere). McCall fled. around September 1867. The riverboat pilot thought Wild Bill had become enraged over losing and shot him. 1876. the front door. threatening all the players. in Kansas two years earlier and that the killing was an act of vengeance. in Yankton. City. he had lied about Wild Bill killing his brother. He cocked it again to fire at George Shingle. McCall was buried with the hangman’s noose still around his neck in an unmarked grave in the local Catholic cemetery. the gunfighter reacts so Eventually tried in federal court.

A wedding Leslie witnessed. His of the Cosmopolitan Hotel. Texas on the 18th day of Mary Jane “May” Evans. resident of Arizona for nine years. The trip got the birth date and place for the man history Mrs. Parsons noted: “Frank elusive for researchers. who responded by aiming March 1842 and am now a resident of Killeen. a first Killeen married Leslie at the Cosmopolitan with Leslie in a ranching venture near the lieutenant. California. and he ought not to be. Arizona and have been a Something caused the newlyweds to returned fire and killed him. and Leslie took a job bartending at the still-standing Oriental sheriff in Kansas in Abilene and Ellsworth in the long and under James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok. published a highly imaginative found guilty of the crime. Leslie and George W. became the last man standing in one of illustrious life piloted a ship in the Fiji Islands and exhibited Tombstone’s celebrated gunfights.. Leslie’s head. on April patrons. the widow his share in the Oriental and partnered up who joined the Army in 1861 until he. 1880. believing Leslie was paying On that day. and Michael D. sway Claiborne. country a service. 1880. Knapp & Leslie’s saloon was among the many buildings destroyed. known as “Buckskin sister. Called the Magnolia.. Leslie cut a dashing figure was mortally wounded. two quick shots—both of which grazed morning. after leaving San defense. In Tombstone. Although Perine was charged didn’t lose the light of his cigarette during “barkeeper” in Thomas Boland’s saloon. as he was a when he complemented his city attire with Who fired the shot? notoriously bad egg and has innocent blood a fringed buckskin vest. surrendered on April 9. He shot and Arizona Territory.” A new journal.. where an 1878 city Packwood. his Winchester at the bartender. opened the Cosmopolitan Saloon. Leslie stepped out to near San Antonio. from Tombstone in a desolate stretch where t r u e 30 w e st . In his deathbed statement to E. Mike fired not detained in the killing matter of this gunfighter who earned infamy in Tombstone. making as pretty a center shot on the Leslie Enters Frontier History began clubbing him with a revolver. he and William H. I state facts. was born 13. For the second time.m. a respectful interval of Later that year.. he served as a deputy Friends No More When a fire swept Tombstone on May 26.T. heading to the Dragoon Mountains with 1886. He then worked days. located next to Carl and Albert Bilicke’s Cosmopolitan and violently. Arizona Quarterly self-defense claim and neither party was A coroner’s jury concluded Leslie had Illustrated. if he is information that has come to light about the warning came almost too late. with the murder. Frank directory recorded him working as a fired the shot. account of his early life in July 1880. his friendship with of a Tombstone as a rifle shootist all over the world. Mike said Perine had well that we did not get away sooner. when George M. Hearing that Claiborne waited “I. Wonderfully cool man. Carl’s daughter and Albert’s the Leslie-Joyce ranch was located 19 miles as an Indian scout. He Saloon. I say so because. these words are the earliest record of came looking for him on June 22. The Leslie was to go with us and may yet.” From 1871-73. first 36 years prior to that record has proven on the town. outside to kill him. He was working there when he played cowboy as a rough rider in Australia. He arrived in Leslie testified that he killed Mike in self. Knapp 22-year-old Billy Claiborne ended suddenly legend. too much attention to his estranged wife. Parsons and others. Louisa. on his head. Herein reveals new to Leslie that Mike was approaching. if such a place exists about 135 pounds. Frank has done the Tombstone in 1880. Killeen were sitting on the front porch canceled when a horse Parsons had bought remembers as “Buckskin Frank” Leslie. The question was: and has bad men. Nashville Franklyn Leslie. Perine yelled In his diary entry. and for that reason it is Francisco. served as maid of honor for the bride. Leslie had kicked out Claiborne for talking abusively to saloon Hotel. he is there. On November 14. Leslie’s Kid as one would wish to.the Kid has gone Standing five feet seven and weighing ordeal came to an abrupt end when Mike to Hell. Mike. with the 10th Texas Cavalry. Leslie On July 6. Hotel. Milton E. The partners decided against rebuilding. in less than 90 Swisshelm Mountains.. killed the notorious Kid Claiborne this a. however. Joyce sold out told the journalist he was a Texas native eight days after her husband died.Buckskin Frank By Jack DeMattos LesLie Filling the gaps Frank. would bring him trouble. between the hotel’s chambermaid. following a night from a rancher was not delivered on time. 1865. Mike sprang upon the dazed Leslie and at 7:30. Leslie was supposed to be Written in a job application on March 10. acted in self-defense. the jury believed Leslie’s the encounter. 1882. Leslie Tombstone.” separate.

but McCubbin does not have solid provenance to verify the claim.Historians even have problems authenticating photographs of “Buckskin Frank” Leslie. – BELOW PHOTO COURTESY ROBERT G. INSET COURTESY JAMES D HORAN COLLECTION – . MCCUBBIN COLLECTION. McCubbin believes the man shown above looks like Leslie (see authenticated headshot of him in inset). Old West photograph collector Robert G.

reported by “lady killer. 1. the 4th Cavalry. Arizona a blistering broadside. Therein lies his claim honeymoon in China. he joined five convicts Indians laid siege to the house and kept up in an escape attempt. An April 1898 news account because of his inability to tell a trail from a relationship ended on July 10. at the Fashion Saloon in Tombstone. succeeded in reaching the house. 1887. 1885. Joyce moved to San to “Buckskin Frank” Leslie. bolted from the reservation. making the article sharing that news encouraged Francisco. detective to obtain evidence of the marriage.” The former husband had sent a with Geronimo and other leading chiefs. Tombstone. and is personally acquainted other white man you can rake up with a fine Company. He toothed comb. that steamer. has just arrived from the camp of the hostile “As to his ‘enjoying Gen. Dean was the night manager of and Liars. he fired shots at the pair. under circumstances of Francisco Call. but was directly discharged moved in at his ranch as his “wife. Leslie worked as a mounted to distinction as a celebrated scout.000 as the prison pharmacist.” The San Francisco Chronicle his share in 1885. with t r u e 32 w e st . Leslie was for many years Arizona propriety.” which reported: “It is the prime her and had an affair with “Miss Birdie the Delaware Café inside the Delaware Hotel ambition of [Leslie’s] existence to figure as Woods. but following the usual custom reported on March 31. He Their next press notice. 1897. He was for a few weeks connected with Leslie did not lack for female company January 17. 1889. “Buckskin Frank.S. Neil escaped from the Swisshelm’s and reported that a and lived to tell the tale.” Back on the Trail appearance in Tombstone. Gov.S. the prison carried them away. fight between five Apaches and himself and Leslie pleaded guilty to Edwards’ murder Frank Leslie. Crook’s so he could have alimony revoked. Leslie logged in as half a mile from camp but. in Fort Worth. apparently. also with quiet old General laugh when I showed him divorced seven years later. where he opened Café artifact the top-selling lot at Heritage 36-year-old divorcée Belle Stowell to Royale with James W. is a fine shot. alias Buckskin Frank. at White’s ranch. A local newspaper a scout—and a scout he will be. after a running convict No. if wild-cat legal fees and a one-fourth interest in the noted their reunion on April 7. California. Leslie was divorced. reported of his news fodder. his way out but one of the convicts who was The Indians set fire to the grass in order to a party to the scheme weakened and notified burn them out. the Stockton Daily he returned to his ranch. where he and belt in this photo taken by C. Mollie Edwards prospect for gold in Alaska. 1896. 1898. Free of his paramour.” Their got there. Leslie signed on as a scout for Stowell got married on December 1.-Mexico border “But though no scout. He served until June 21. Leslie was surprised Sentenced to life. “Mr. 632 at the prison in Yuma. Arizona Territory. prisoners.” An unidentified man wears the gun Geronimo. Leslie looked up The news account infuriated Los Angeles Lady Killer John Ralph Dean. On a train to Stockton. he is no dude. the “best-behaved successful enough for Joyce to sell Leslie for a silver-buckled gun belt attributed prisoner. has killed two men. Ranch ended when several Apaches. Benjamin J. The studio in Tombstone. They never caught In 1886. the gun belt. conversation with the hostiles who have anything—but you ought to have heard the Leslie and Stowell separated. Leslie was still living in Fort Worth on one. In fight. a man who Auctions on June 11. inspector.’ I guess it isn’t necessary to say Instead of the detective catching the two. who had employed him Times reporter Charles Lummis. so much for that sort of Chronicle. which is inscribed with Leslie’s peaceful interlude at the Magnolia On November 17. General Crook and staff. “He had almost dug a steady fire from behind rocks all afternoon. hunting following his divorce. 1883. Leslie took 1881.Apaches still presented a threat Leslie brought new meaning to settlers. Texas. Mexico. Crawford’s command. Orndorff. 2016. when recorded him in Hermosillo. on April 3. Western dealer Greg Martin discovered have him pardoned. of Indians. and – CourTeSy HeriTage auCTionS. but he never Geronimo. who wrote On June 3.” the Los Angeles Daily Herald When Leslie found his three days later: lover talking with James “Yesterday Capt. Fly in his May 20. Well.” May received a settlement of $650. June 11. headlined “Scouts May charged that her husband had beaten Territory. led by Franklin granted Leslie’s pardon. as Leslie found out to his reputation of being a on March 25. correspond with Leslie and campaign to played a role in Leslie’s final years. Young is positive that several a guard. 1890. On January 6. and is in the confidence of ride farther and harder in a day than any employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad General Crook. also moonlighting as a U. Independent reported their nuptials and observed that the newlyweds planned to Scout’s Honor? box of flea powder. 2016 – following day. They officially been on the warpath all summer. Jan. reported that Stowell was Army scout. The under three months. dispatches from Tombstone can make him Magnolia Ranch.S. California.” The Arizona Daily Citizen were killed. took and Neil’s attempted murder. and can the “ex-wife of a prominent man in the Chief of Scouts. they either buried the killed or Three years later. Charles Young arrived Neil. when he made plans to Capt. He had a long confidence.” the San Francisco that dispatch. who worked The Magnolia Ranch venture was A collector successfully bid $26. in the San and. In 1966.” superintendent called Leslie. patrolling the U. place on Sunday last.

She in Wild West history were as colorful or as the ranks to a commission. voter registration Leslie signed as “Nasville Franklin Leslie” hammered down for $1. gash in his scalp…. who is acting as as a Government scout Frank Leslie fell a for Hart’s film. Leslie could not have General [Licerio] Geronimo. Elnora is listed as “widowed. part of the leg. 1899. After forty years on the hardly close the book on Leslie. Heritage Auctions introduced that question for debate when a December 5. you will was a private fighting his way through more The new Mrs. Leslie. reach out to Leslie. nothing is known of Leslie Gen. In the next wounded in the Spanish-American War. What’s in a Name? Will we ever know the true spelling of “Buckskin Frank” Leslie’s name? In June 2016. Maj.” says Wayne Sanderson. fell to the floor and Plus.’” Francisco in 1878. passing through the fleshy West icons Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp. His death 959 Water Street in Sausalito. of closing the gaps in Leslie’s life.a friend from his Tombstone days. ever. along with others. E. Leslie. in organized troops in the Philippines. Jack DeMattos says Leslie usually signed his name “N. born in Kentucky. that date. After numerous with him in Cuba. 1923.” DeMattos says.” while his 1913 marriage certificate is signed “Nashville F. who knew Leslie’s believed that he enlisted. he received his first award in the field. I was as ever. 1900: 43-year-old Elnora Tolbert and married her. Bernard Leslie.P. Geronimo of another race. tore his right ear and cut a but no record proves they touched base. Leslie listed his name as “Nashville Franklyn Leslie. fought and was would care not to speak. Dr. Still as footloose Jack DeMattos wrote his first history article. and does not appear on a 1930 census. The Oasis reported on frontier to be hurt by my own gun. George Custer. I knew Lawton when he Leslie. in take a place on his staff in the Philippines trip in Mexico that he was planning. Washington.” Phoenix’s above the knee. Arizona Republican reported. Leslie been alive as late as September 9. June 2016. On section of Arizona for the S..” Barranca coal fields: “A party of engineers A Hollywood Ending? under Prof. Since leaving Arizona Leslie has been fell out of his pocket. that Tombstone voter registration. Leslie moved back to Tombstone. to guide surveyors to the La the life of Lawton between. like it. In his 1896 marriage certificate. looks birth in 1842 until he turned up in San December 16.F. August 1898. Three days later. Leslie moved to Berkeley. Dumble engaged in making Leslie’s Last Shooting One document suggests Leslie might have a geological survey of Sonora and this By the turn of the 20th century. This marriage service as a deputy under Hickok or as a commenced with a chase after one certificate included Leslie’s identification scout under Gen. Resolving the mystery surrounding the The Two Geronimos ‘that my friends will tell me I’m not fit to bartender-turned-gunfighter’s death would Leslie returned to California for the carry a pistol. Leslie constantly surprising as this man. 1913.” On an 1886 job application.. Martha If any among you take on the challenge side of the earth. Wild Bill Hickok. I was his chief remained in Omak until her dying day. Railroad participated in his last documented shooting. and had been asked to Seattle on May 20. on February 16. when he was killed in his engagement with The 1920 census recorded Leslie living at George Goodfellow. if his claim is to be leaves me thinking of things of which I home owned by Orndorff. on the opposite born in Virginia. 1916.’ is an aberration. and his mother. since the actor was it is expected they will be engaged “The bullet struck him about four inches known for forming friendships with Old hereabouts for several months. 40 years ago. Henry Ware Lawton was killed in the Leslie survived his fumbled shot.” We Following his alleged war service in race to submit. a stayed long in Mexico. California. and was ended by another of his parents: his father. Dean wrote actor William S. It is vastly outnumbered by examples supporting ‘Nashville Franklyn’ as correct. 1902. although now nearly 60. victim to his own pistol early yesterday Dean mistakenly advised Hart that he carries his age well and is claimed by morning…while in a saloon at Market and could find Leslie at Orndorff’s billiard parlor acquaintances that he looks as natural as Ellis streets.” the San Francisco earlier. These claims.T. Hart probably did recovery he joined this surveying party and Chronicle reported on November 25. He met the Fiji Islands? Was he a college graduate? January 7. he stooped over. appear to Geronimo. of the two Geronimos. ‘I suppose. concerning a mining publications. on November 6. that has been verified. After was discharged. 1881. such as his “My work with General Lawton in Napa. Few characters than thirty battles of the Civil War from husband to move to Omak. Was he a Confederate Philippines. Orndorff had died seven months in Cuba and returned wounded. “Nashville Franklyn Leslie. Leslie convinced her find your search rewarding. from the Wild West History Association. have been made from whole cloth. Leslie.. of scouts when we walked and climbed lived there about two years. 2016 – .’ said Leslie. guide. one the last of his census. but he Cuba. Leslie was interviewed in True West Magazine. the other the last leader of do not have Leslie’s death record. The San Francisco Call gave a After San Francisco’s earthquake and fire cavalryman? Did he travel to Australia and full page to Leslie’s article about Lawton on of 1906. Leslie included his full name. for 800 miles through the Sierra Madre. for his article on Buckskin Frank Leslie. Hart Company arrived in town today and among “After many years spent on the frontier to recommend Leslie as a technical advisor the party is Frank Leslie. the weapon in Berkeley when it was located in Sausalito. – COURTESY HERITAGE AUCTIONS.” “As far as I’m concerned.600. From his Christmas holidays. JUNE 11. signed ‘Nasville Franklin. at age 74. who is working on a book about Leslie. I can only think former business partner Joyce.

That’s the last record Taylor fired their pistols at Webb. 1874. and is inscribed. just may Brownwood: Charles around Hardin’s neck and led to the lynching have been killed by the son of a M. None have birthdays that are even the killing of Norman Wayne Brown is the coauthor of A – COURTESY NORMAN close to that of our Webb. Hardin place until he shows up in Texas’s wrote a letter to his daughter claiming that Brown County. Cemetery. Hardin evaded the law until his arrest Christian church. and his cousins preacher. who just from prison. X Marks the Spot: he had killed Webb in self-defense. but he did not end and Bud Dixon. a mob lynched Selman also claimed self-defense Joe Hardin. Hardin was Comanche: Marks Constable John Selman fired sentenced to 25 years at Huntsville’s state the stump of the several fatal shots at Hardin in the prison in Texas. Marshal George Scarborough Wesley Hardin’s. Charles M. the bullet grazed him in trust by his uncle. Methodist denomination of the square and compass. the company disbanded at on the Could these Webbs be related to our the end of March. and her son. In the Hardin where he was northern part. the founder of the Masonic symbol of a could use that money to escape capture. Died his own defense at his trial. the Texas The killing of Deputy Webb put a millstone grandson of a preacher. A little over a May 2. Joseph. 1895. and he “C. Texas alone has internment records in 1896 while awaiting a retrial. in reprisal for of 111 Charles Webb’s and 10 Charles M. What listed as age one. Huldah is deceased or remarried. Charlie M. Webb’s. Webb’s grave of his older brother. on August 23. in Cynthiana. The Dixon cousins and Jim and working on a farm. Webb’s past has been a U. with graves for the Reverend serving under Capt.200. Put appeared on the would have been too young to officially serve Texas scene in in the war. 1848. Webb. have decided to go bounty hunting. Elizabeth. Charles is listed on the census as age 12 and Once Webb determined which man was living with his Uncle Hamlet L. Florida. may not have been self-defense. cousins were in the saloon. The backfired. Born Pensacola.M. Jim Connell. 1877. Some historians Lawless Breed: John Wesley Hardin. Hardin’s preacher father in the Greenleaf Tom and Bud Dixon. Texas WAYNE BROWN – Deputy Sheriff have suspected Webb of fighting with Reconstruction. Charles is 22 on his left side. on August 19. and Violence in the Wild West. buried in Indian Creek Cemetery in Just who was On May 26. Charles Webb. Charles M. and testimony year after the killer was released May 26. dead or alive. Webb’s claim to fame came when his plan to kill notorious gunfighter that John Wesley Hardin Quantrill’s raiders during the Civil War. but his father was likely William outside his county to the town of Comanche? Webb. Yet Kentucky may hold the key. Texas. Tom Hardin paid a high price for what may or for the killing. he must Webb. he found out Hardin and his 1848.” claimed he had insulted Webb. land probably held and fired at Hardin.S. Hardin sent a cousin had named his son after John Cemetery displays the to Kansas to sell his cattle herd so the outlaw Wesley. Webb? Webb was then hired as a deputy sheriff of The 1850 census for 78-year-old Charles Brown County. Activated Charles Webb and his wife. This Kentucky traveler. but our Webb. Hardin did not speak in also died by the gun. Brown County. Immediately BY NORMAN WAYNE BROWN Aunt Nancy in Harrison County. He was shot dead by kinsmen of John Up until now. he introduced himself. He owned after. born on May 2. three years later. In 1870. Webb drew his pistol property valued at $2. Webb? Hardin’s 21st birthday and his win at the as no record could be uncovered for her. T R U E 34 W E ST . Years later. 1848. He was pardoned after 16 oak tree where Acme Saloon in El Paso. is Indian Creek selected as a lieutenant in the Texas Rangers. happened to be in Comanche. Charles is without a father other business could he have had to ride in this home. Hardin claimed. in Hardin lived by the gun. up in prison.C The Killing harlie M. name Charley Webb appears on a muster Webb first roll. Webb. years and went on to work as an attorney. Run and 68-year-old Elizabeth shows their When Webb learned that Hardin had a household included daughter-in-law Huldah price on his head. horse races that day. mystery. celebrating By 1860. the same year of Charlie’s birth. age 30. who fell for Charles in Kentucky or any other to the ground dead. Webb and Hardin. in January 1874. due to lack of state funds.

Minus almost 16 years spent in prison. Son of a Preacher: Born in 1853 near Bonham. Texas. MCCUBBIN COLLECTION – T R U E 35 W E ST . he lived a career as a notorious desperado that spanned three decades. John Wesley Hardin (shown)began his life as a sinner as early as 15. – COURTESY ROBERT G. to a preacher father. when he killed his uncle’s former slave.

they Peace Treaty Goes Amok rushed for the door. the giant land mass to the sea. along with two companies of Republic troops under Lt. kill its way When the Penatekas learned the news. The Penatekas had not only raped the girl. but also disfigured her by burning off her nose. The Penateka. led by Mukwarrah. William Fisher. Penateka chiefs under Mukwarrah sent word to San Antonio that they wanted to discuss peace terms. Henry Karnes. “How do you burn and America. The Texians BY M I K E C O P P O C K T R U E 36 W E ST . meeting at the local council house. he did not have the authority to order other During the Republic of Texas’s decade-long Comanche bands to give up their captives. 15-year-old Matilda Lockhart. lawmen organized by the Republic of Texas in 1835. A 56-man company of Texas the ire of Rangers. The Texas Ranger in charge. Republic emissaries guided the 12 war chiefs into the council house. which were closer to raid inflamed than Mexican haciendas. Col. Mukwarrah fatally knifed a nation burning with an intense frenzy against to a sea anything Texian. The infantry fired point- The summer of 1840 found the Comanche blank into them. the Texian In January 1840. Karnes told the messengers the chiefs would have to bring in all their white captives. Mukwarrah explained that captured the imagination of his people. which allowed the bands to follow and hunt buffalo herds from horseback. along with 53 warriors and women and children. agreed to a Army. the Comanche became the only American Indian tribe to fight its way through like the answer?” An infuriated Fisher told the translator to inform the chiefs that they were now prisoners. A party of 12 chiefs rode into San Antonio on March 19. Texas Secretary of War Albert Sidney Johnston quickly sent emissaries to San Antonio. was doing its best to dissuade the band from raiding. reign as an independent sovereignty in North He finished his statement with. Their main goal was capturing horses. For this meeting. the largest of the Comanche bands. had been attacking Texian ranches. The only immediately asked the whereabouts of the To burn through Texas to the Gulf of Mexico tribe to was a vision that came to Chief Buffalo Hump other white captives. They brought with them one white captive.

who were killed before they could send an alarm to other settlers. McCulloch decided to shadow the main Penateka force. On the road to the Gulf of Mexico. were dead. but white settlers could not bring Coast. the Penatekas struck the town of Victoria. killing him. They killed 12 people in the first wave. Victoria residents put up barricades throughout the night. The surviving slashing their arms and faces. and two children. including Matilda’s driving all the Texians into the sea and then Penateka boy shot a Texas judge in the heart five-year-old sister. after Comanches cut off the soles of his feet. 1870 – T R U E 37 W E ST . VOLUME III.soldier before he was killed. which. with many themselves to call him by his real name. Buffalo Hump had his vision. Having rounded up 2. shooting and wounding residents. John Tumlinson were on their way The Penateka Comanches did more than set fire to the prairies in the Republic of Texas— with McCulloch’s Rangers. racing down city streets as townspeople fled to rooftops. and roasted them alive. who. Come dawn. he and his forces were beaten back by rifle fire. one fled the Within this charged emotional On August 6. Their Hump. the Penateka warriors bolted into the outskirts of town. Buffalo Hump attacked again. they speared an infant. proper without being detected by homesteaders. Penatekas captured Daniel Boone’s – ORIGINALLY ILLUSTRATED IN HISTORY OF THE INDIAN TRIBES OF NORTH AMERICA. 35 warriors. 125 Texas Rangers and militia under the command of Capt. Texas Ranger Ben McCulloch battle and 29 were taken prisoner. Buffalo Hump led his force in a crescent moon formation. One approximately 15 captives. with the horns of the moon outward. atmosphere.000 horses. was forced by close to 27 warriors to walk around burnt prairie for sport before they shot and scalped him. In the The Penateka and Kiowa chiefs sent out end. all because peace talks with the Texas Rangers got out of control. where off their fingers in grief. including three women Fighting to the Sea warriors to fulfill this destiny. they captured women as trophies. they roasted alive captives. before they continued down the road for Matagorda Bay. Later that day. the And they did so. They then circled the town. but this time. One example of the horrendous nature of these killings was the death of Tucker Foley. they reacted in horror. They gathered the go away. and chopping Pochanaquarhip—the erection that won’t Penatekas broke out into the street. Fast behind them. The large force had penetrated Texas women screamed in mourning. numbered 400 warriors and 600 camp followers.) His vision saw his tribal warriors they turned on their Texian hosts. so they could envelop anyone they encountered. stealing horses and cattle. with a bow and arrow. by his count.000 Penateka riders heading for the Gulf captivities. watching as their blood washed up onshore. and his unit crossed the trail of as many as When the tribe heard of the killings and (The chief’s name was not actually Buffalo 1.

the Penatekas tied Crosby to a tree Four days later. scouts found the water and killed..” thundered from the Texian riders.O. The Texians looked coats and tall hats. Linnville residents watched the horse herd. SEPTEMBER 21. the As the tribe raced through the streets of captured horses. A 200-strong force. firing arrows T R U E 38 W E ST . so as to engage in close Texians could fire and reload their Penatekas struck the port of Linnville. Nancy Crosby. swimming for the sailboats that were Texians and Tonkawas followed them and. the battlefield. Watts was cut down in the the way. Two warriors dragged him off. despite warnings as his tribe took hours slaughtering the escaped with their wives and children. Tumlinson’s only a few hundred yards off shore. and her baby. nearly 20 years after he raid. the warriors chose to granddaughter. northwest. 15 warriors. Buffalo Hump had lost ripe for slaughter. in that direction under the command of Maj. Outside of Victoria. A visiting “Now General!” shouted soldier Mathew his 125 men intercepted the Penatekas. Interpreter Horace P. and return home. During the time the At 8 a. Customs for 15 miles. Then the end. Juliet. with Texian ashore. filled with Creek in Indian Territory in 1873. Volley fire shot up to 12 arrows. residents ran into the The Penatekas panicked and ran. August 8. the men tied bright ribbons to their horses’ and deflecting Texian fire off their thick tails and covered themselves in dress buffalo hide shields. Their attack stampeded the a fury. Saturday. Screaming as they advanced was a suicidal move. encircled the Texian force. loot. This is one of the earliest known photographs of the Comanches with the Ripe for Slaughter U. When she could not quiet her infant. The home with their stolen horses than gulf. Mexican traders with a large caravan. fabric. a running battle ensued. Tumlinson and speared the child in front of her. Buffalo Hump’s vision was now fulfilled. they tied her onto a horse whalebone corset. 2013 – ribbons. and shot her dead with arrows. who Penatekas near Plum Creek. the toward their enemy. Fortunately for the Texians. stop the Penateka warriors during their goods to sell in the Republic of Texas and – COURTESY HERITAGE AUCTIONS. In against doing so from experienced Indian town’s cattle in their holding pens. reams of cloth and fine clothing. “We combat. heading was grabbed by warriors and dragged was also tied to a tree and shot with arrows. the warriors they set the town afire. warriors were more interested in getting Linnville at full gallop. chief. horseback. less than 20 dead Penatekas littered fighter McCulloch. but held on to what they prized most— Huston also ordered his men to dismount From ship deck. This oak as painted warriors rode beneath him. They also successfully and form a hollow square. Along force slipped away. Jones Texas Ranger Ben McCulloch is shown Instead of continuing their vengeance stands with the Kotsoteka and Quahadi circa 1861. 2007 – destructive raid to the Gulf of Mexico. each Penateka horseman were careless and supposed they were were upon the Penateka column. control of his men.S. When they could not undo her survived as the arrows had deflected off her civilian militia and allied Tonkawas. Weighed down with But then rifle fire had struck down a war loot and captives. Felix Huston. Finding hats. Frenchman escaped capture by climbing up Caldwell. the warriors became distracted by bands at a Comanche camp along Cache led his unit on an ill-fated attempt to the thriving port’s warehouses. Mexico. His attractive wife. warriors the Penateka attack paused. The Penatekas dropped most of their Gen. dropping The tribe whirled around Tumlinson with resident William Watts wrote of the attack. inspector H. the Texians held their fire until they percussion rifles. colorful – COURTESY HERITAGE AUCTIONS. raced whalebone corset. Army. NOVEMBER 10. so they could take her back as a trophy.m. slaughtering any more Texians. “Charge ’em! They are whipped!” He ordered his men to dismount into a into the moss-covered branches of a giant Huston ordered his force to charge on classic Napoleonic hollow square. Again. Juliet.

– CATLIN ARTWORK COURTESY SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. It put in motion tales of Tonkawa cannibalism. hanging outside their tipis. – TRUE WEST MAP BY ROBERT RAY – T R U E 39 W E ST . The Yamparikas (Yap Eaters) roamed north of the Arkansas River. cut small filets to Indian Territory 1859 ANTELOPES YAP EATERS from his body and roasted them over an open Comanche Route fire before they ate the human flesh. PHOTO COURTESY NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION – One wounded Texian. and it was the last THOSE WHO TURN BACK time the Comanches took a major Texian town. Army to fight raiding Comanches. The southernmost band. Oklahoma. Alaska.S. The Comanches sought to capture wild horses so they could ride them to hunt buffalo. lived on the high plains of the Llano Estacado. awoke on the battlefield to a strange sight. San Antonio Mike Coppock is a published author of Alaskan history Council House Fight 1840 works. Buffalo Hump continued to raid white settlements. lived on a range extending from the Edwards Plateau to the headwaters of central Texas rivers.S. Linnville never recovered. part of the year. although others existed. the Quahadis (Antelopes). although he did form a friendship with a fiery German that resulted HONEY EATERS Austin Battle of Plum Creek 1840 La Grange in an unbroken peace treaty. Dragoons out West. Robert Hall. The above 1871 photo shows the meat from one such Comanche hunt. The Nokonis (Those Who Turn Back) roamed from the Cross Timbers region to the mountains of New Mexico. The Kotsotekas (Buffalo Eaters) covered territory along the Canadian River into what is now western Oklahoma. as most of its residents moved southwest to settle today’s Port Lavaca. He currently resides in Enid. the Penatekas (Honey Eaters). The fifth band. George Catlin drew Comanche feats of horsemanship (top left) and an Osage breaking down a wild horse (bottom left) in 1834 while he was accompanying U. and he Victoria teaches in Tuluksak. Linnville Texas history records five major bands of Comanches. He recorded that some Tonkawas had dragged Comanche Retreat a dead Comanche into camp. to Gulf of Mexico The Battle of Plum Creek brought forward BUFFALO EATERS a new way for Texians and the U.

The region was home to the war with Mexico. sat on Penatekas who hunted on the Balcones During the winter of 1845 and spring buffalo robes. a parcel known as the Fisher. on June 24. the com- pany purchased the colonization contract for land between the Llano and Colorado and Lavaca as the emigration company struggled to provide transportation to the and children on the other.” adding. With the company aides emptied their firearms into the air. Houston. the three head chiefs. leading survey. At breakfast the next morning. Under teamster. by his adversaries: “The in the Republic of Texas He was followed everywhere he went— childish idea that I fled or that summer of 1845. a newcomer they had nicknamed difficult. brandishing a pistol. and teams. Meusebach took of Potsdam was appointed again tried to secure provisions and exception to rumors spread his successor. But could talk down one man or a crowd of emigration company. Arriving transportation for the stranded emigrants. Meusebach nent. Then he and his assure military assistance. Hump. New Braunfels—by absconded in fear of the baron dropped his title of creditors of the company and by emigrants. several hundreds of them. T he young warriors of the Penateka Comanche tribe. emigrants could not depart from others state the gesture The company leader.” general commissioner of services rendered. Penatekas stayed true to a treaty negotiated with German emigrants. New Braunfels on New Year’s Eve. the Meusebach was not even on this conti. Santa Anna and Old Owl. Braunfels. Texas stipulated soldiers. States—and July 20. Army Gen. Buffalo Miller grant. The United States was at this array. twenty T R U E 40 W E ST . U. lined up on one side of their camping ground along the San Saba River in Texas. The U. Texas gained admission into the United bull’s eye. “I never first name John. An extraordinarily wet winter at Penatekas.S. Meusebach rode down both along the San Saba River. Organized on settlement might not happen at all. with reddish-blond the land by the fall of 1847. Penatekas. freight wagon owners. von Meusebach During the spring of 1846. nerves of steel in dangerous Baron O. government easily beard.257 teamster extended the credit. Meusebach thought German angry men. In January 1847. The largest ethnic Hundreds of German emigrants were Meusebach must have gotten his new group emigrating from Europe. the Adelsverein. Six years earlier. demanding payment for danger that I can recollect. camps. as the government could not outbid the emigration company’s offers to Sol Colorado (“Red Sun”). resigned in the coast brought sickness to Lavaca and Consistently exhibiting light of these difficulties. confronted fled before anything or any his administration as the administrator. His predecessor had led a German German emigrants settled in Texas.BY TIM DASSO The Unbroken Peace After Texas gained Treaty statehood. the company guaranteed each adult male 160 acres of land and Stranded on the Gulf A Fiery Start every family 320 acres. the Galveston. a total of 5. Almost 850 people died. In the center of Rivers. the unhealthy conditions of their coastal showed confidence in the Prince Carl of Solms. excited emigrants. opposite the women would comprise five percent of Texas’s population by 1850. Meusebach suggested the emigration company. is simply nobility and adopted the In one of the strangest incidents. April 20. Meusebach situations. ors to refuse to enter the region in fear unable to contract for transportation and Some historians believe this of being attacked by the lacking the funds to buy their own wagons act exhibited foolhardiness. Indianola. equipment and provisions were sides of those assembled who watched the that the Germans had to settle and survey shipped to Lavaca and moved by land from six-foot-two redhead. 1842. Escarpment and camped in the winter of 1846. This proved there to Mexico. promised land.S. like the emigrants he subdued in a mission to colonize Texas. on at first. they settle the issue in a match of target Germans Colonize Texas between May 1845—seven months before shooting. 1847. Germans stranded on the Gulf Coast in Indianola year’s wish. Zachary Taylor’s John O. Meusebach’s first shot hit the Three years prior to the peace council. a ridiculous.

To resolve the limits of the colony. where he was born on May 26. The Meusebach-Comanche treaty document. but as soon as he he observes Texas historical sites and researches historical events. The Penatekas collected the band north of the Red River to Indian Comanches. the men reached the Comanche raids into Mexico that violated Penatekas. and I do not think previous visitors. including of Meusebach’s attitude toward the On February 18. Meusebach’s daughter. contracted the illness and died. destroying all forage Negotiations took place on March 1-2. “My brother speaks of a barrier by Spanish authorities in 1750 near the Penatekas and the German settlers between the red men and the palefaces. During negotiations. complexion is lighter. the U.” on events that occurred in Texas’s early years. To for a survey of land in the area with a join in. settlers and the Penatekas unfettered Some Penatekas may have been among at the lower San Saba River. the entire Comanche Meusebach received an agreement to meet The treaty allowed both Meusebach’s tribe had been reduced to 1. Despite minor infringements. Santa Anna and his men The party’s best hunter was severely Having just emptied his firearms in a rode into town with bear meat and herbs to wounded on the first day and sent back to show of goodwill upon his arrival at the nourish settlers who were trying to regain Fredericksburg. was returned from Europe in 1970 by Mrs.597 members. but The Penatekas even helped German Fredericksburg to the Fisher-Miller grant. It also promised the survivors. Months later. Cornelia Marschall Smith. the Germans 300 Penatekas killed in the epidemic. Fredericksburg took the lives of three of Challenges began from the start. alas. overall. including that of famed Meusebach how astonished he was that more of the white people because their Alamo defender Jim Bowie. At Fredericksburg’s annual Meusebach used the interim. Army moved crew came across western bands of Fredericksburg. Carved on the portals upheld the peace treaty. demonstrating that some of them lighten the load of a pack mule. for a peace council. he was one of the roughly for the horses for many miles. Meusebach and his and the Penatekas signed a treaty in In August 1859. Sympathy for The treaty opened more than three million Perhaps one of the reasons the peace the poor mule increased until the travelers acres of land to settlement. December 1849. drank from the wine supply. seven mutual reports of wrongdoing and provided Founders Day. access to the territory. $3. In mid-February.” The next day. John is shown (opposite page). to explore an old Spanish fort. Texas. Lucy. passed the line he had losses. treaty was upheld in 1847 was because emptied the last bottle. the crew searched for Hays said that he “was never molested nor a lost silver mine the Spaniards had lost any animals during his travel within Tim Dasso is a freelance writer in central Texas. Meusebach was ready for their health. former Texas Ranger Jack Hays told their skin is darker. Rather than war cries. John O. TREATY DOCUMENT COURTESY TEXAS STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES COMMISSION – men and three wagons set out from Meusebach hoped to find the silver. present-day Menard. and presented to the Texas State Library in 1972. the Penatekas were honoring the treaty. depicted the March 1847 peace treaty with the Penateka Comanches. established the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. 1812. settlers when a cholera epidemic in Meusebach followed them three days later. John’s granddaughters. the emigrants ignited a prairie fire that the peace council. By late burned for 36 hours. in I do not disdain my red brethren because of the main entrance were names of 1858. – IMAGES COURTESY GILLESPIE COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY. T R U E 41 W E ST . at age 40. Germany.000 worth of presents. have not forgotten their German allies. and the oil (below) hangs in the Vereins-Kirche in Fredericksburg. By 1875. Territory. He is writing a historical fiction based the insufficient funding for colonization. he said ruins of Presidio de San Saba. Comanches occasionally days. also shown.S. A Lasting Goodwill every five settlers. unfortunately. Penateka camp. the crew payment of at least $1. Irene Marschall King and Dr. found none. Santa Anna. where supposedly worked near the fort. While building a campfire.000 to the Penatekas. Years later. after having moved to Texas from Dillenburg. on May 9. to them. at the next full moon.

Literature requested the sisters be arrested. a 73-year-old promoting “free love”—freedom for women collapse of their newspaper. At 15. 1871. Woodhull has written more than 20 books about women in the Old and Harriet Beecher. Nearly 50 years before women had earned Wall Street brokers. On February stockbroker clients.” two months before she announced her nomination for U. In 1866. to communicate with his deceased government interference. which carried a penalty of one- children. for which they were died of old age on June 9. She walked pursue her goal to secure women’s suffrage. Victoria carved a path in Financial freedom allowed Victoria to Victoria pressed forward with her run for history as a political trailblazer. with abolitionist Frederick Chris Enss is a New York Times bestselling author who movement. Meanwhile. candidacy for president of the United States.” however. Scout.000. edition of The press called the controversial writer.” Not only was Victoria the first HARPER’S WEEKLY. She found a financial supporter in into a tabloid that printed scandalous articles Attorney fees led to bankruptcy and the Cornelius Vanderbilt. where she and establish a brokerage firm. woman. 1927. Victoria’s multimillionaire who consulted spiritualists to marry. Woodhull & Clafin’s Weekly (below). Victoria wed 28-year-old Dr. I worked for it. Victoria first found fame in the paranormal field. she and her They were charged with mailing indecent from her husband. the sisters became the first female found guilty of embezzlement. kept their distance.U N S U NG BY C H R I S E N S S LITTLE KNOWN CHARACTERS OF THE OLD WEST When Mrs. stockbroker and politician a “most immoral – NAST ILLUSTRATION PUBLISHED IN FEBRUARY 17. parents and wife. Victoria took their two sister began Woodhull & Claflin’s Weekly.S. Six months after the convention. a publications. 1870. “Get thee birthday. she was officially her talk: “While others prayed for the good Due to her preoccupation with spiritualism. the right to vote. nominated for president at the Equal Rights time coming. Satan Ran for President The “most immoral woman” paved a path in history as a political trailblazer. remarried and moved to New women’s rights periodical that transformed year imprisonment and a $500 fine. as the doctor was an alcoholic and had numerous extramarital affairs. their marriage was troubled. W hen Victoria Claflin Suffragist Victoria Woodhull’s “free love” Woodhull died. divorce and bear children without political party collapsed as well and. the sister act was annually earning In April 1870. T R U E 42 W E ST . but she was also one of the first individuals to have been jailed on federal obscenity charges. the sisters were sued she married British banker John Biddulph her sister grow their own stock portfolio for misappropriating money from their Martin and moved to England. an agent by 1859. passing was announced on two continents. her father rented a theatre where patrons paid to watch her. two years after she separated While mapping out her platform. Five years later. President in the April 22. On May 10. other influential leaders in the Party convention. news of her behind me Mrs Satan. in 1849. they ceased publishing the newspaper. Spy. such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton Douglass listed as her running mate. York. the presidency. so did her second marriage. ALL OTHER IMAGES TRUE WEST ARCHIVES – woman to be officially nominated for president of the United States. age 11. three campaign earned her a Thomas Nast months shy of her 89th illustration (left) captioned. and her four-year-old sister channel spirits of the crowd’s deceased family members. In early 1872. in 1878. Sister. Canning Woodhull. 5. Victoria announced her of the Society for the Suppression of Obscene more than $100. & Claflin’s Weekly went back in print. He helped Victoria and In February 1871. Her latest book is Soldier. 1872. West.

performing an abortion and operating a brothel and women’s rights.Victoria Woodhull (shown) gave presidential campaign speeches just as contentious as the articles that appeared in the newspaper she started with her sister. Woodhull & Claflin’s Weekly published reports on government corruption. how-to tips for divorce. t r u e 43 w e st .

S u Rv I va l O u t W e St BY T e r rY A . among other survivors. t r u e 44 w e st .8 magnitude earthquake shook the mighty city for under a minute. the city by the bay bristled as bakers busily prepared the day’s treats. The 1906 The destruction hits home in this photo of Grant Avenue. “All the day I wander about.000 Those at home tossed about like a ship Caruso and his valet wound up in Union people.” for the rest of his days. the city was an odd admixture of the Wild West and gentrified city life. The illusion that the day was like any other was shattered at 5:12 that morning. made roughly one quarter of a at sea as beds bounced around bedrooms.A. injured by collapsing walls of buildings. Electrical lines broke. raining down a “great shower” of falling plaster. Before he could answer a thousand bricks The sounds of the crashing building and In desperation. was mortally around the huge buildings were shaking and waving.” around me were crushed to cataclysmic fires with their The coalescing of multiple fires into a death on all sides.000 and 6. back inside to retrieve Caruso’s luggage. San Francisco. destroyed taking the terrified occupants on a wild that a building would collapse upon them. outside the St. destroyed nearly 80 percent of San Francisco.9 The earthquake and fire on April 18. Sullivan. Francis Hotel and then went the California Powder Works that required I asked a man next to me what happened. leaving his firefighters without a leader to coordinate emergency Every moment there were reports like 100 cannon shot them.” Caruso almost 80 percent of the city. People Police. Square. men delivered milk... serving as a major conduit for trade with the Orient.. cheeses. but falling stones. an estimated 7.all the city seems to be on fire. response. Dennis T.” rescue screaming flammable vapors. all fearful million people homeless. was one of the jewels of the American West. tenor Enrico Caruso found his hotel ceiling collapsing. immediate attention. “. The quake created far more devastation and loss of life than San Francisco’s 6. cracked water lines spewed precious water recalled. On April 18. the great operatic the devastating earthquake. unable to lines ruptured. and trolley cars carried laborers to work. burning buildings. could not going off at one time. – All imAges True WesT Archives unless oTherWise noTed – quake set off a series of disasters that eventually killed between 3. I thought people screaming haunted Caruso’s nights to dynamite buildings in the path of the fire. and other reports followed. Many first responders. D e l B e n e Raining Bricks and Shooting Citizens The survivors who navigated through an “end of the world” crisis during California’s deadly earthquake and fire. The California boomtown of the 1850s had grown into the ninth largest city in the United States. approximately 25. butter and ice.. 1906. Raymond wrote. This experiment added to the city’s woes. holocaust obliterated most of the city after earthquake survivor G. magnitude earthquake of 1989. toward Yerba Buena Island. the end of the world had come.. “All people trapped in In town to perform Carmen. I n 1906.000 buildings and leveled bucking bronco ride. The city’s head firefighter. and “The air was filled with and miles of natural gas tell my valet we must try to get away. igniting the soldiers will not let us pass. in the predawn hours. Then streams of fire His brave and loyal valet escorted him safely respond to the stockpiles of explosives at would shoot out. injured in the quake. the authorities decided fell on him and he was killed. Both a port and a railroad town.

500 relief houses. Navy turned day into night.S. military entered the scene. stand. Refugees fled the city ruptured by the San Andreas Fault for about 290 miles (the 1989 quake ruptured only about 25 miles). In current monetary pay off on fire damage. A few property which accommodated a fraction of the owners set fire to their own refugees. smoldering blackened shell of one The San Andreas Fault had impressed its of America’s proud cities. the destroyed better food for the flames than if Agnews insane asylum left terrorized mental the buildings were allowed to patients roaming the countryside. ships. t r u e 45 w e st . The powerful earthquake left some homes leaning against others in the neighborhood. People made homeless by the earthquake stand outside their tents at the Presidio. Smoke from the fires hurdled down Sacramento Street as locals watched from a distance. The USS Chicago was among the Navy ships that transported refugees away from a city devastated by the 1906 earthquake and fire. shot them before the were ordered to “shoot-to-kill. Adding to their woes. such as the USS Preble and USS unable to rescue screaming Chicago. Troops established a telegraph system The choking black smoke between the city and Fort Mason. Thousands of tents sprung up. The Golden Gate City rose from the ashes. on earthquake damage. hapless victims.000 residents Management archaeologist and the author of Donner were homeless. Hugh Bonner recalled. losses exceeded six billion dollars. water. the test of humanity continued. provided doctors for the refugees. The inferno burned itself out but many of its residents moved to the in roughly four days.” Deputy Fire Commissioner The U. homes in the correct assumption Relief efforts continued for several years that insurance companies would while the city was rebuilt. shelter and medical into kindling and making “them services. Police. people trapped in burning To discourage looting in the area. After deadly potential onto the American psyche. but not values. These refugees Party Cookbook and the novel ’Dem Bon’z.” The Army flames could incinerate the constructed more than 5. leaving a relative safety of the Los Angeles area. More than Terry A. – Top Three phoTos courTesy Library of congress – essentially splintering buildings needed food. soldiers buildings. Del Bene is a former Bureau of Land half of the city’s 400.(From top) Helpless fire crews watched the Palace Hotel burn. the flames abated.

As had been the case almost from the when the church allocated $5. William HeNry JaCksoN ColleCtioN. the Perpetual Emigration Fund (PEF). Each of the 10 companies of Mormon handcart pioneers was accompanied by a wagon train that carried supplies. Painting by William Henry Jackson. missionaries also took the word of their goal was to pay for the transportation costs day Saints. Louis. which might have next few years church members traveled in to travel westward by wagon. however. for journeys up the Mississippi By 1855. abandoned church to other areas. sCotts Bluff NatioNal moNumeNt – W hen the Mormons. notably to England for the converts to help them reach Utah. so the fund would The journey took them to the Missouri River on ships that brought them to in 1846. they made a pledge and Scandinavia. and sometimes had room for an ill. converts in England began booking passage expended in their behalf. led to church President Brigham Young to overland wagon trains to new homes at the Many of these travelers used provisions resurrect what he called an “old plan—to base of the Wasatch Mountain range. the church and its PEF City. Over the and Missouri River to jumping-off locations were struggling financially.000 to create members of the Church inception of the church by Joseph Smith. continue into perpetuity. – Courtesy NPs. Illinois. Nauvoo. By the early 1850s church Once there. and on to Great Salt Lake Missouri. The of Jesus Christ of Latter. of a Mormon program instituted in 1849 make hand-carts. they would repay what had been to gather all members to their new Zion. that first year. injured or simply worn-out walker to ride along the trail for a short distance.R e n e ga d e Roa d s BY C a n dY M o u lto n The Mormon Handcart Migration A pilgrimage 160 years later inspires travelers on the Latter-day Saints trail to Utah. which they founded in 1847. and let the emigration foot t r u e 46 w e st .

Mormon leaders arranged for the companies was be.’” in 1856 when the church chose to stop spending the it. City. They we Moines. Newton. an elderly. Mormon pioneers who wa City. Station S Farson Fort Laramie Iowa City Devil’s Gate Green River Fremont Florence Fort Bridger Ogallala Omaha Salt Lake City 0 50 100 Area of Detail map by Scale in Miles T R U E 47 W E ST . Nebraska. would follow on June 28. to organize th wheeled hand eir goods into camped here carts. and not much information that from Iowa City. Winter L MARKER they lacked Handcart Ro These Mormons now faced several weeks Quarters. Iowa. possessions—just 15 to 17 pounds of goods departed camp at Iowa City. unyielding determination. led by Capt. or “two.” Although the converts along every ten.. the converts set out. followed a well-established the construction of the carts. Grinne nt and Council ll. – THE MIRIAM AND IRA D. McArthur’s company of 220 Trail Center where you can learn about the With deep faith.historian Will Bagley says it “might Mormon Church President Brigham be bettered rendered as ‘two-wheeled Young launched the handcart migration torture devices. the a th ird of the supplies..” says it “might be bettered Young decided that most immigrants from rendered as ‘two-wheeled torture devices. if not this has been translated as the trail..’” camped and built small cabins here in the England and Scandinavia could travel under The migration began on June 9.. They can come just as quick. 1856. their own power. Nebraska. and much cheaper—can start earlier “two-wheeled man-tormen. starting out so late that they Nebraska. or Handcart travel would start at Iowa making the trip in 1860. two-wheeled carts to carry their meager people pushing and pulling 55 handcarts They are buried in a cemetery in the city. WALLACH DIVISION OF ART. pushing and pulling small when Capt.S. A great majority of them walk now. having a cow or two for Menneskepiner. community. people rolled more than 40 handcarts away early migration of this religious group and little money. Nebraska. Capt. They were not prepared. Follow U. and draw upon [the handcarts] the Ahmanson called “tohjulede money to outfit wagons to move necessary supplies. expecting to side the Missouri River trail. De Missouri Rive Bluffs before s W E r and crossin reaching the Sweetwater Casper g to Florence . winter of 1846-’47. and escape the prevailing sickness which tors” by some. Leaving Florence the route heads west the late spring of 1856 they departed from Two additional companies led by James to Fremont. . winter weather caught them still on the mile step-by-step pushing and pulling a small trail.500 peop their carts an mer 1856 be le d starting th fore picking N through Iowa e walk to Ut up towns as Mar ah. As you drive imagine making every the first leg of their journey across America. others. where they boarded trains for would face severe trials in Wyoming when the route. Adel engo. In Edward Bunker. PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS: PHOTOGRAPHY annually lays so many of our brethren in the wheeled human sorrows” by COLLECTION. Edmund Ellsworth and 274 however. Iowa rt pioneers out their shoes the two. THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY – dust. had been the After crossin ots in Iowa adequate food g the Atlantic United States by ship and of grueling travel pushing and pulling what wintering place for the by train. handcart would be. Well ov in early sum er 1. ill or injured friend or relative. quicker. where a base camp was The first major stopping point for The handcart companies established. historian Will Bagley BRIGHAM YOUNG even with the teams which are provided. John A. and many became ill and died. The travel have plenty built and ready for use when in Florence. Daniel D. HISTORICA was difficult as the first companies arrived. Two days later and across the street today is a Mormon per person. 1860. This location. and then extends Liverpool on a series of ships that brought Willie and Edward Martin journeyed west along the Platte River the breadth of them to Boston and New York (and later to that year. Another five companies would cart containing everything you own plus The Trail Begins in Iowa City eventually follow the trail. 30 to stay closest to Philadelphia). the final one possibly one or more of your children. wore gathered in Io first handca later Danish handcart Capt. find directions to other Mormon sites in the would indicate how hard a journey by The third handcart company. CA.

S. Well over a hundred people in both the along the trail was at Fort Laramie. NABB. You can which the Martin Company used for brief the day and used for campfires at night. WETHERBY. They would remain here for several The second major provisioning point following county roads. Ayers Natural Bridge and the Reshaw Bridge in Evansville. Here you can visit an of the handcart company. travel to Muddy neither lingered very long at Fort Laramie. When crossing Nebraska. 1866-2000. PHOTO BY ISAAC A. but left behind an important resource: buffalo chips that fueled cookfires. The buffalo herds Our route follows them out of Casper on Follow the highway on west to the sometimes swept up cattle that were part county roads. – COURTESY FREDERICK W. but they certainly or directly parallel the Mormon Pioneer Trail interpretive center in the old Sun Ranch left behind one important commodity: (get route information at the National home. Seven of the ten companies of the 3. and often encountered tremendous herds of became stranded west of buffalo. 26 and I-25). – COURTESY J. from disease and the families that traveled with accidents. If now called Martin’s Cove. west of the Devils On to Wyoming you stick closer to the handcart trail by Gate. to Independence Rock and Devils Gate. they may have rested for a a later Pony Express station site). where you day or two. and visit a replica of Seminoe’s Fort. also take Wyoming State Highway 220 west refuge before they moved to a small cove. maybe only a few hours—which is what you will need at minimum today to fully explore this frontier fort. buffalo chips that could be gathered during Historic Trails Interpretive Center). The big animals were difficult for Casper by harsh storms. You will From the Handcart Ranch. time of travel. the trail for a few miles. which in many places overlay Handcart Ranch. In Casper visit Fort Casper and the National Historic Trails Interpretive Center. and pass the historic site at Horse Willie and Martin companies died between the companies usually obtained at least a Creek where the Martin Company finally the crossing of the North Platte at Casper few supplies. UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES. They had show that focuses on one of deaths in each company. where of Rocks. Iowa (below). The Willie and Martin companies connect to Highway 220 just east of can push and pull your own handcart along were very late starting out in 1856 and Independence Rock. which has a theater The Mormon handcart trains encountered buffalo herds that sometimes swept away the cattle with the handcarts. UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. because it was the new terminus of the Mississippi & Missouri Railroad from Davenport (left)in 1856. Points of interest along the way include “Rock in the Glen” in Glenrock. From Fort Laramie the route follows the North Platte River to Casper (take U. NEBRASKA TOURISM – T R U E 48 W E ST . they Martin’s company in 1856. 1854 – and faced unpredictable weather. the Mormons to hunt.000 Mormon emigrants staged their trail west from Iowa City. you will see Avenue days. LIBRARIES. and depending on the year and encountered rescue wagons (this was also and this area along the Sweetwater River. KEN COLLECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS.

4221 •• 800. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS – Gap and then turn north on U.587.irmahotel.There was no bridge to cross the North Platte River at the site that would become Platte Bridge Station (later Fort Caspar) when the first handcart companies traveled through the area in 1856.S. 287.745. through Farson. This center focuses on the difficulties of Willie’s company and follows the journey of my own children’s ancestors: Sarah and Thomas Moulton.4762 Stay in Historic Rooms. Wyoming (don’t blink or www. Wyoming. born on the ship after they sailed Mormon groups who come to experience west along Wyoming State Highway 28. who left England in May 1856 with their eight children. great grandfather. – GATES FRONTIERS FUND WYOMING COLLECTION WITHIN THE CAROL M. WY •• 307. Watch the Cody Gunfighters! T R U E 49 W E ST . 1192 Sheridan Avenue. The youngest was Charles Trail use is heavy in this area from South Pass beckons. Relax in the Silver Saddle Saloon.) of Land Management land. but over the pass and toward the Green River. going from England. He is my children’s great. the landscape and route for themselves. (I married into the it is accessible to all. and the route turns Moulton. This bridge is a replica at the historic site in Casper. mainly crossing Bureau Remain on Highway 28 when you drive Moulton clan a few decades ago. Enjoy the Famous Irma Prime Rib. A new visitors’ center is now open at Sixth Crossing. HIGHSMITH ARCHIVE. beside the Sweetwater River.

S. Ballo’s band heralded the handcart travelers’ arrival.S. The Nauvoo Brass Band and Capt. another critical provisioning • Garrett Master Sound™ Headphones point for the handcart companies. 1870 – PN: 1140461 you’ll miss it). BONUS PACK – WILLIAM HENRY JACKSON.” and followed by general citizens who walked or took horse-drawn vehicles. and arrived in Great Salt Lake City together on September 26. The first hand-cart was drawn T R U E 50 W E ST . C. Accessories into the city: “folks came running from items are subject to change. After crossing the Green Includes: River. 189 and I-80 to Fort • AT Pro metal detector with 8. Charles M. President Brigham Young and H. and Special Savings Garrett’s AT Pro is Devils Gate was a significant waterproof to 10 feet! landmark on the overland trail. take U. an area where the 1856 Martin handcart company became stranded by harsh weather. Savings based on total cost of detector and accessory items if purchased separately. met them as they neared the city.5˝ x11˝ DD searchcoil Bridger. which was established by Jim Bridger in 1842. • Instructional DVD but was under the control of the Mormon • Garrett Camo Backpack Church at the time of the handcart • Garrett Camo Digger’s Pouch migration. 2016.5˝ x11˝ Coil Cover following the trail route on I-80 west to • Garrett Camo AT Pro Cap Salt Lake City. every quarter to get a glimpse of the long- looked-for hand-carts. Available at participating U. to find your nearest dealer whole system as I caught the first sight of them.” MADE IN Treseder later wrote: “I shall never THE USA forget the feeling that ran through my Visit garrett. AT Pro: Better Finds.95. From Fort Bridger continue • 8. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. dealers from September 1 to December 31. Treseder described the first carts rolling * AT Pro MSRP $699. Kimball “escorted by the minute men and a company of Lancers. Over the Wasatch Mountains to Zion Save The first and second handcart $9680* companies traveled very closely together all across the plains.

deep snows. WY. UT Sesquicentennial Wagon Train in 1997. Red Iguana. The Willie Handcart Company by Paul D. Grand America Hotel. Handcart (Ampersand Films) T R U E 51 W E ST . WY. This is the Place State Park. they had a little flag weeks later. Lander. Candy Moulton traveled with the Mormon Trail WY. Utah. Everyone Johnson County Historical Society. Christensen Film). Florence. Omaha. settling opportunities year-round to pull a handcart along the trail in Heber Valley.m. Utah CELEBRATIONS AND EVENTS The Handcart Ranch. WY. Charles Moulton. but the majority safely reached Utah. Scotts Bluff National Monument. Salt Lake City. Sixth Crossing Visitor Center. IA. of which 135 to 170 people died. WY. (Devils Gate). involves a series of events from parades to rodeos by a man and his wife. Salt Lake City. FILM. who was born during the handcart between Devils Gate and Martin’s Cove. TV & MUSIC Good Reads: Devil’s Gate: Brigham Young and the Great Mormon Handcart Tragedy by David Roberts. Hilton Garden Inn. man camps at Fort Bridger State Historic Site. WY. Hampton Inn. NE. Whiskey Creek Wood with their two-wheeled carts. The Willie Company reached celebrating Utah’s pioneers. Allphin River in central Wyoming.C. Scottsbluff. Devils Gate. Tell My Visitor Center beside the Sweetwater Story. The fourth and fifth had faced: lack of food and proper clothing. Gering. Ephraim’s Rescue – PHOTOS COURTESY JOLENE MOULTON – (a T. Good Lodging: Magnolia Hotel Omaha. Church porting the handcart scheme. WY. and mountain where the eldest built this iconic barn. Labor Day weekend. Scottsbluff. Fort Laramie. Fort almost no fanfare. has The Moulton family traveled with the Willie handcart company in 1856. Salt Lake City. From 1857 History Museum and Temple Square. UT. Good Film: Music and TV: 17 Miracles. travelers—the church continued sup. Fort Bridger. Fort Bridger migration. Mormon Handcart Despite the disastrous crossings of Historic Center at Handcart Ranch. Indian dancers. Salt Lake City. Sweetwater Rescue: the Willie and Martin Handcart Story (a Lee Groberg film with accompanying book by Groberg and Heidi Swinton). WY. Casper. Trails Interpretive Center. Council Bluffs. Devil’s Gate: Owning the Land. UT until 1860 another five companies of people from the British Isles and the GOOD EATS & SLEEPS Scandinavian countries trudged the trail Good Grub: Enzo’s. Laramie. Casper. Iowa City. – COURTESY ERIC SCHRAMM. National Historic companies would not straggle in until freezing weather. WY. PLACES TO VISIT show the wisdom of his counsels. on it. Lyman. Western Bunker’s third company arrived in Great in those last two companies of 1856 Historic Trails Center. Fort Caspar. The Moulton family story is The Price We Paid: The Extraordinary Story of the Willie interpreted at the new 6th Crossing & Martin Handcart Pioneers by Andrew D. Mormon Trail Salt Lake City at 6 p. NE. Too by Jolene S. NE. on which were the words: ‘Our Salt Lake on November 9. on October 2 to suffered terribly from the difficulties they Center at Historic Winter Quarters. Lander (Sweetwater disasters encountered by any overland Station). Omaha. later relocated to Idaho and his sons settled in Jackson Hole in 1908 Rendezvous has traders. GOOD BOOKS. IA. Fort Bridger. UT. pushing and pulling a handcart for part of the journey. Gannett Grill. NE. NE. More Fire Grill. Reshaw: The Life and Times of John Baptiste Richard by Jefferson Glass. at Alcova. Owning the Story by Tom Rea. WY. She is working on a book about the handcart migration. Willie and Martin—the worst single WY. UT would die. Salt Lake City. Casper. Armor’s Silver Fox. NE. – COURTESY AL POUNIAN FAMILY – WY. VISIT SALT LAKE – This is the Place State Park monument. Fort Bridger State Historic Site. Olsen. Days of ’47.’” did not arrive until November 30. annually in July. Salt Lake City. Alcova. while Martin’s President—may the unity of the Saints ever Company. Casper.

bread a “green-yellow tinge” at the Pony corn and white flours. Call us at 888.TrueWestMagazine. F RO N T I E R FA R E BY S H E R RY M O N A H A N Bread Across the West The cultural breads that sustained pioneers on the frontier. such as acorns and buy it online: antelope” that it was placed near while piñons. more traditional golden sandwich loaf. They baked this flatbread over hot known as the dutch oven. – COURTESY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS – “ Vile stuff” that suggested the flatbreads. By the turn of the Express station near Wyoming Territory’s 20th century. “the unpretending them over an open flame or in the ashes chapati. but they reverted to traditional “properties of poison” turned the loaves and rolls made with graham. shapes. water and salt. which was dense and made of MBERSBACH and ARIZONA’S OFFICIAL HISTO. Some of the earliest pioneers also ate cracked corn or cornmeal. as the Mexicans of a fire. Then British explorer became fashionable again. he suffered from what he called over the preferred corn masa. ‘tortilla!’” flatbread. eating tortillas and flatbreads Fort Laramie. scone. flapjack. baking wINNINg w cooking on “Uncle Sam’s stove. RIAN: MARSHALL TRIMBLE American Indian-influenced tortillas and Even though tortillas were considered T R U E 52 W E ST . bread. called Indian EMMY WINNING JOURNALIST: JANA BOM. EMMy Richard Francis Burton came across a Southwestern tribes made tortillas from AwARd AwAR Aw d different type of bread: “A hundred-fold blue.687.95! pleasing. these Pueblo women bake flat breads in a beehive oven. and combined the nut flour with Store. Vast of flatbreads. wheat. Get your DVD today for Even though he found this bread more when colonizers gave them flour rations only $19. such as ultra-thin Piki and Featuring TRUE WEST MAGAZINE’s EXECUTIVE immigrant influences introduced rye. Indians swapped the tortilla for prettily called it.1881 or like the “rusty bacon and graveolent Indians ground nuts. sizes Different tribes made their own versions PARTNERSHIP WITH CHANNEL 8 and flavors on the American frontier. rocks until the edges were golden brown. also deep fried into fry bread. or. white and black corn. yellow. the “travelers’ bane”—the tortilla tasted To make a slightly thicker flatbread.” he wrote. In New Mexico Territory.” better corn. A TWO ROADS WEST PRODUCTION PRESENTED IN Bread came in many forms. dense Bannock. They also made the EDITOR: BOB BOZE BELL pumpernickel and sourdough next to the precursor to corn bread.

Boston brown. Mrs. Massachusetts. After baking. these moist and fluffy rolls appeared on restaurant menus and sold in bakeries all over the frontier. and any dyspeptic who can eat tortillas for four weeks and survive is certain of encouragement. In settled areas. Try your hand at the historic delicacy! Sherry Monahan has penned The Cowboy’s visitkearney. salt. after opening in 1855. until the mixture is stiff enough to knead. brush the tops with butter. 1880. Let it rise again and bake in a 400˚F oven for 15 minutes. Taste of Tombstone and The Wicked West. Q ARCHWAY Recipe courtesy Omni Parker House Hotel. or enough to knead NEBRASKA Mix milk. Brush one half with butter. Parker House rolls ½ cup scalded milk ½ cup boiling water 1 tsp. press the balls through the center. Stop. Play. put into a buttered pan and cover.. California Vines. Boston. Baked at the Parker House hotel in Boston. salt 1 tsp. The categories included: white. ginger and Parker House rolls. Earp: Wives & Lovers of the Earp Brothers. sugar and butter in a bowl. rye. almost cutting in half. Massachusetts t r u e 53 w e st . History Channel and AHC. Stay. Place in a warm place so can rise to SCAN QR CODE FOR double its bulk. on December 9. A German baker created the Parker House Rolls. Shape into two-dozen balls. butter ½ yeast cake dissolved in ¼ cup lukewarm KEARNEY water visitors bureau 3 cups bread flour..” reported the Arizona Weekly Star. sugar 1 tbsp. Wines & Pioneers. they were once touted as a remedy to cure indigestion. graham. “The person who originated the scheme has been cured in four weeks by eating tortillas made from corn meal and the Rio Grande water.. She has appeared on Fox News. With the floured handle of MOBILE WEBSITE a wooden spoon. Add yeast. Cover the bowl and let dough rise to double its bulk. then flour. water. which was among the recipes pioneers brought West with them. lower-class fare. Every home baker wanted to prove her bread was the best in her frontier town. state and local fairs celebrated local bread. fold over the other half and press together like a Cookbook.

P eter Cozzens’s The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Alfred A. $35) is the most comprehensive.S. NO. a sweeping synthesis of the American-Indian wars between 1862- 1891. One of the primary strengths of Cozzens’s research is In The Earth is Weeping. Peter Cozzens profiles the critical role of Indian leaders who sought peace over war. Utah’s Wild West and the Oregon Trail. the Maryland author’s History of America. law and order on the border. 1868-1872.- Indian tribal history between 1862 and 1891. insightful synthesis of the conflict between the Western W estern tribes and the United States government and citizens published by a popular New York press in decades. CA. The historian’s insightful endnotes and inclusive bibliography prove helpful to the student or reader eager to pursue further reading in a narrower field of U. Like William Manchester’s The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative 1932-1972.BO S n K e r O We s t BOOK R E V I E W S EDITOR: ST UART ROSEB ROOK War and Peace in the West Peter Cozzens’s The Earth is Weeping sets a new standard for Western Indian Wars history. 1932-1972 brilliant thesis and detailed narrative will sustain the reader through three decades of the cataclysm and nearly 500 pages from the prologue to the conclusion. including Kiowa Chief Kicking Bird. – COURTESY NARA. Knopf. 518902 – T R U E 54 W E ST . as do adventurous stories about Pat Garrett.

George A. Crazy Horse. Custer. don’t miss The Hole in sources and his ability to tell such a broad. Crazy Horse.S. citizen American Genocide: The United States and Valley on State Highway 12 and U. “Intertribal conflict was in part the the Wall Bookstore inside Wall Drug in Wall. SD – STUART ROSEBROOK – In The Earth is Weeping. Col. Bill Markley’s Deadwood Dead violently with each other. and the United States’ massive Hedren’s Powder River: Disastrous Museum of the Fur Trade in Chadron. June 2016). intertribal history the California Indian Catastrophe. As Cozzens so balanced used of Native and non-Native succinctly states in his introduction: Speaking of books. Custer State Park. McDermott’s Red Cloud: dominance and clashed. NO. I guarantee you’ll find with Red Cloud’s War and concluding with and longest struggles. Palace in Mitchell. through the Sand Hills to the and warfare. with so many regional consequence of a fact that has never been South Dakota—one of the finest Western players and actions. and even the Corn ever united for war or peace. In a publishing displacement of one immigrant people by after you enjoy a free glass of ice water in the year in which such magnanimous works as another.S. resistance to white encroachment. CA. beginning northern plains. famous for fighting the government was inter-connectedness and influence of the Badlands National Park. Benjamin Madley’s An the American government’s policies. and on to the Black Hills for a grand Cozzens writes: “A myth as enduring as West: A History from the Whitman that of an army inherently antagonistic Massacre to Wounded Knee. and Jerry Fort Robinson State Historic Park near the Civil War. – COURTESY NARA. 1868-1872. the Apache Kid. 1846-1890 week touring Deadwood (76 Days). panoramic story. as a compelling tale appreciated.” Hunt for Geronimo.S. Army’s decision to send Lt. Paul C. Our Black Hills led to the Great Sioux War of 1876. What to read on such a war and peace factions that struggled for Cozzens’s interpretation expertly busy tour? Try John D. represented a something to buy to read on your vacation the Battle of Wounded Knee.-Indian conflicts. sometimes blends Old and New Western history Oglala Legend. Rushmore. and —Stuart Rosebrook — Stuart Rosebrook the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest T R U E 55 W E ST . The Earth is Weeping is twofold: his National Book award. Peter Cozzens details how the U. The subsequent gold rush into the Lakotas’ sacred Iowa. Highway relations with the tribes. the seat of the bloodiest the United States. …that the wars between that expertly compares and contrasts a Indians and the government for the bookstores I have visited anywhere in diverse set of U. Lead. immigration into the West during and after Opening of the Great Sioux War. No tribe greatest overall context and focus to the Wind Cave National Park. 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. Crazy Horse Memorial.S. rather than the destruction of a world famous drugstore! Paul Andrew Hutton’s Apache Wars: The deeply rooted way of life. Intense apocalyptic forces that shaped the American factionalism ruled—each tribe having its West from 1862 to 1891. Cozzens provides the Hill City. toward the Indians is that of united Indian were published. making it an extremely Men and the classic Meriwether Lewis by The strength of Cozzens’s scholarship in viable candidate for the Pulitzer and Richard H. 519427 – route was spectacular and included a branch of the Lewis & Clark Trail along the Missouri River his thesis that succinctly seeks a sharper War in American History (see True West and through the spectacular Niobrara River understanding of the cause and effects of review. Custer and the 7th U. Mt. to the Black Hills of South Dakota. 20 via Valentine. Dillon (memoriam on page 62). Cavalry with 110 wagons and a team of This past summer I drove my family on a miners in search of gold on the Great Sioux Reservation in July 1874 violated the True West round-trip tour from Iowa City.” theses of process. Keenen’s The Terrible Indian Wars of the Crawford.

which makes for Southwest were. Garrett killed the man in a Few Friends the people. – COURTESY HISTORICAL SOCIETY FOR SOUTHEAST NEW MEXICO. For human nature. Dolan refutes the idea Reading John LeMay’s Tall Tales & Half reason.. having young buffalo hunter. in self-defense and a contributor to Max Evans & grown up in Arizona. And that great fun and some valuable lessons in the same men who had dealt with Apache most of those stories are different.95) TALES OF PAT GARRETT cold blood and for no good Samuel K. LeMay sorts through during the 1890s. knows the country and regretted it. in many cases. In the early New Mexico in the 1880s. had or has a story distortions. relaxing with friends soon after he allegedly killed Billy the Kid in Fort Sumner on July 14.99) you get the idea everyone living in the Kid. Pat Garrett killed his first man. And he sets his exciting tales on  ♦  ♦  ♦  ♦  ♦         T R U E 56 W E ST . ROSWELL. outlaws and banditos of earlier times. Just as he did in Tall that the frontier of the American Truths of Pat Garrett (The History Press. Or. the peace officers of the descended from them. $16. example. a —Ollie Reed Jr. 1881. NM – LAW AND ORDER ON THE BORDER In Cowboys and Gangsters: Stories of an Untamed West (TwoDot Publishing. seen here second from right on the porch in Roswell. about Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid. New Mexico. rumors and 1900s. raiders. John LeMay’s Tall Tales & Half Truths of Pat Garrett portrays the conflicted life of the New Mexico lawman. as well as those this maze of lies. Tales & Half Truths of Billy Southwest ended sometime $21. an editor and Dolan is a first-class storyteller who.

Philip R. Goodwin. playing cards. 5 C wanted John wesley hardin ardin MeMorabilia Guns. American Indian History. N. senior field editor Canyon by Jerry D. Helping collectors and history buffs learn more about specific Mary Bonner. Victor Higgins. Robt. as Lately engaged in a tug-of-war well as oral histories. Spangler and Donna Kemp Spangler chronicle the remarkable. E. Original Oil Paintings. chronicles the little-known lawmen. from 1886 to 1936. newspapers. F.D. Chance Byway: The History of Nine Mile K. Suite 1 Scottsdale. frequented by freighters. Spangler and Donna of an Untamed Southwest. W. Lincoln and Custer Collections. events and people in American history.C. – COURTESY JERRY D. Remington. Arts & Crafts. And then it goes empty space on the map of on the border during on the shelf as valuable eastern Utah. it was the Mexican revolution. The Green River flows past the mouth of Nine Mile Canyon at the northern end of Utah’s West Tavaputs Plateau. Porfirio Salinas. Guidon. Texas 76013 Follow us on Facebook! T R U E 57 W E ST . Nine Mile County Sheriff and a fellow reads just to enjoy Canyon lies in the middle of former Arizona Ranger the well-told stories it hundreds of square miles of Harry Wheeler’s career contains. W. wanted posters. AZ 480-945-8811 Mailing address: 1212 West Park Row. J. • Bookmaster@Guidon. Leigh. letters. Prohibition and the Bisbee Deportation is outlaws and gunfights that shaped the soldiers and a few rugged ranchers. Joe Grandee. Sharp. New Mexico and Arizona. This between archaeologists and Three-term Cochise is one of those books that energy developers. Melvin Warren.I. Watercolors and Sculptures by Charlie • • 7830 E.Couse. saddles. – COURTESY BISBEE MINING AND HISTORICAL MUSEUM – NRA Publications Kemp Spangler (University of Utah E. Dolan in Cowboys and Gangsters: Stories —Jim Wilson. cowboys. Moran. HIGHWAY OF HISTORY utilizing official records and newspaper accounts. Redfield Rd. Bill Gollings. T. Buck Dunton.R. Jerry D. Olaf Wieghorst. Blumenschein and many others! Online sales Or visit us at Our new lOcatiOn Contact: Pete Rainone at 817-455-1480 or 817-461-5666 RainoneGallery@sbcglobal. Frank Stick. Wyeth. Charlie Dye. conflicted and controversial human and natural history of the canyon in the highly illustrated Last Chance Byway: The History of Nine Mile Canyon. SPANGLER – a solid foundation of fact. Thomas Hill. Dean Cornwell. Julian & Robert Onderdonk.H. Koerner.H. rings and other personal effects! -Also wanted- The largest collection of new and out of print Civil War & Western Americana books. outlaws. Last one of the biographies chronicled by Samuel history of Texas. Arlington. But for half a the tumultuous era of resource material that century.

although 3 The Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill I wish I’d had this book to reference during my (Don Russell. as well as recommendation as one of 2016’s best summer books in O Magazine. and the author of The Royal Wulff Murders. And who else can say he guided I spent a hunting season toting a reproduction Theodore Roosevelt on a buffalo hunt in the Sharps rifle for a Field & Stream assignment in Dakota Badlands? Montana. consummate Press): Ewers. not only for Memoirs of Yellowstone Vic Smith (Jeanette the Native tribes. The Gray Ghost Murders (recommended by Oprah’s Book Club). The Memoirs where you start. and many historical biologist James Bailey poses an important pishkuns. T R U E 58 W E ST . University of Oklahoma Press): trials at hand-loading. champion of civil rights for Indians and of the Plains Indian. Montana. of Yellowstone Vic Smith—trapper. cat and—as a wild bird rescue volunteer—various feathered friends. has done a masterful job equal pay for women. McCafferty is a two-time National Magazine Awards finalist. in Bozeman. Venturino’s manual is a Strip away the myth. and for the Nero Award for Best Mystery. the nomadic Blackfeet under one cover. The definitive biography of pulling together the written and oral histories of the West’s most colorful and iconic figure. has been awarded starred reviews from Booklist and Kirkus. which won the Western Writers of America 2016 Spur Award for Best Western Contemporary Novel. He lives with his wife. sacred hunting grounds. not just for the wooly icon. but for mankind? If you are Prodgers.” the Blackfeet 4 American Plains Bison: Rewilding An comprised the hunting culture that inspired my Icon (James A. Buffalo Jump Blues. former curator of the Museum showman. scout. Wolfe Publishing Company): entertaining. TwoDot Press): Of the biographies interested in the future of wild bison. Winner of the Traver Award for angling literature. Crazy Mountain Kiss also has been chosen as a finalist for the High Plains Award for the Novel. 1 The Blackfeet: Raiders on the Northwestern remarkably forward-thinking man—buffalo killer. James A. this is of commercial buffalo hunters. or buffalo jumps. trick shot. his fifth Sean Stranahan novel. Bailey. Dead Man’s Fancy and Crazy Mountain Kiss. University of Oklahoma yes. put the Wild West Show must for shooters of original and reproduction years in perspective. hunter extraordinaire (he bought bullet 5 Shooting Buffalo Rifles of the Old West lead by the ton!)—is the most informative and (Mike Venturino. Ewers. are located on their question: Is there hope for the expansion of wild. Bailey): Bison novel. Buffalo Jump Blues. Known as “The Lords of the Plains. what would be the 2 Champion Buffalo Hunter: The Frontier value. Plains (John C. but also buffalo proponent. The Sharps carried authority at both ends and brought home the venison. MONTANA AUTHOR SHARES PASSION FOR THE AMERICAN BISON Keith McCafferty is the survival and outdoors skills editor of Field & Stream. genetically pure bison into unfenced historical ranges in the West? If so. and what emerges is a firearms from the late 1800s.

necessary to create a wagon road. Captain Levi Finally.P. typical of the Western frontier. 1844-1847. Applegate Trail. author of The Lost Frontier: Momentous Moments in the Old West You May Have Missed ON TO OREGON The adventurous and restless souls who risked all to go West were compelled by those qualities to redraw and improve MSRP $ 39. His later activities meet the definition of • 1.95 One hundred fifty copies of the Deluxe Hard Cover Limited Editions are also available at $75.COM T R U E 59 W E ST . author of 800. Copious footnotes and good editing make Why Guess When You Can Be Sure! this a valuable historical account. plus S/H. Scott became captain on a • Over 7. Extra/ second expedition that blazed the Very Fine. $29. expedition seeking a southern route into Oregon.877. New! First Edition Blue Book of $34. —Rod Miller. a completely new publication on antique Scott and the Southern Route to Oregon. and Excellent condition factors.100 models and sub-models are described in detail.4867 EXT. the book breezes past the earlier occupation of Nine Mile Canyon by Indians who left behind unparalleled ruins and rock art—but you will come to know most every white person who left tracks there. Allen. —Terry A. 17th) “tried-and-true” trails. Oct. Scott’s own recollections Online subscriptions and sample pages also available provide a detailed look at the steps visit www.95) chronicles that era in minute Antique American Firearms & Values detail.bluebookofgunvalues. by Levi Scott and James Features of this new 400 page First Edition include: Layton Collins. Del Bene. • Over 2. Hazelett (Washington State University • Almost 700 Manufacturers/Trademarks are identified.500 high-resolution color images are provided (some show “adventure. Scott’s 1844 trek to Oregon most of them have short histories with dates of manufacture. reads as a typical emigration narrative. Fine.500 values have been provided for Good. American firearms with up-to-date values. 3 Donner Party Cookbook: A Guide to Survival on the Hastings Cutoff BLUEBOOKOFGUNVALUES. edited by Stafford J. The authors make a valuable contribution to the boom-and-bust history by S. Such a man was Levi Scott.95). Fjestad and John B.00 each. Given its focus. and Press. as readers will discover in Wagons to the” as he joined the 1846 Gilliam detailed macro features). (will ship approx.

was so damn funny. He was too self-deprecating. politics. literature. movies. mentally and – COURTESY KAREN COOL – spiritually exhausting. Paul fought cancer for the last three years of his life (with wife Karen Cool and stepson Mitchell Dillard walking the path with him). complete with stooped the next few months. Paul put the the analysis of the El Paso Salt War. wine. he was the coolest there. not a taker. And in a field where folks don’t always get along. researching P and writing throughout. my friend. Breath?” (May 2016)—I was privileged to that personally. “and discussing Ike Cowboys on the back burner. and more—things that had nothing to do with the Old West. Yet Paul continued to work. religion. for sure. He’s just the guy to tell it. The disease aul Cool was just that: work on. And Paul And he lived long enough to know that West field. investigating law and order in the “Paul and I were in Tombstone for the faction when he found something Southwest. He many Earps for my liking. The coolest. Paul Cool was a giver. anything—certainly not himself—too there’s a story there. physically debilitating. a real challenge. a writer Peter Brand. His book Salt Warriors: 125th Anniversary of the Gunfight Near else—the tale of a young Arizona girl Insurgency on the Southwest Border is the OK Corral. rock ‘n’ roll. social issues. researching Tombstone’s Cowboy writer. but Paul didn’t Tombstone.T R I B U T E S : Paul Cool • 1950-2106 BY M A R K B O A R D M A N The Coolest Guy in the Room Historian Paul Cool was a one-of-a-kind figure in the field. Paul was beloved. hoping to lesser known but historically important Clanton fleeing the gunfight. It was a great story that needed to even did a couple of recent pieces for Paul Cool was the most interesting be told. We spoke about Vaya con Dios. I know coolest guy around. The Remington Capture Clanton’s Last beer commercials came along. that went beyond the Old told stories. He was too generous—with his time and his talents and his research materials. True West. food. The Girl in the Iron Box (Arizona the Wild West History Association running away from Wyatt. interesting stories. knowledge of so many topics—especially walk and cigar and wisecrack—‘too It wasn’t the Old West. T R U E 60 W E ST . Paul was Cool was an incredible researcher and seriously. travel. and he loved to share that knowledge. Paul get back to them (he was unable to do episode from 1877.” remembers researcher/ who was kidnapped in 1934. but cool.’” care. never taking his final book will be published. He was a popular speaker at finally got his body on July 28. the Earps. world and American history. And WWHA and other gatherings because he his spirit remained untouched. I’ve never heard anyone say a bad word about him. Paul loved to learn. He knew his stuff in all of them. one of which—“Did man in the world before the guy in the Because Paul Cool was cool. 2016. His many articles for decided to do an impression of Ike it). the Cowboys. but he did it as Historical Society) should come out in (WWHA) prove his interest in and Grouch Marx. Oh. yes. Stay cool. It was a tough battle.

in 1949.95 biographies. California and Western admired the fact that he posted his plus s/h American history. for exchanged letters. phone calls and even close friends and family. “Dillon was a WWII combat soldier who served with the famous 79th Division in France (where he was WIA). only days after demobilization. as well. Richard H. before enlisting in the army in 1943. Dillon then took T a second MA at Berkeley in rue West’s staff recently Library Science in 1950. he wrote dozens of Collectors Set Dillon was a gentleman-scholar. five educator and author died at the age of grandchildren and one great- 92 in Mill Valley. California. grandchild. Dillon • 1924-2016 BY S T U A RT S R O S E B R O O K W I T H B R I A N D. will be held Order yours online today! Christmas cards. on January 16. California. mail. Belgium. Richard H. in 2009. Germany and Czechoslovakia. graduated from Tamalpais High School and entered UC Berkeley in 1941. Dervin Dillon.” received news from Brian Dillon was predeceased by his wife. Dillon was born in Sausalito. According to his person and been one of his students. many of which are reviews the old-fashioned way: still in print today.” He returned to UC Berkeley in 1946. on July 7. Store. and I $24. T R U E 61 W E ST . he was one of the first authors Americans of the Francisco’s Sutro Library. fifty years after hand-typed and by U. renowned. Mr. librarian and ceramic artist. I wish I had known him in 2016.D. His nickname in the Army was “The Perfesser. A contributor to True West for Black as the head librarian of San decades.95 value! publication. As a native-Californian for Richard H. While I contracted to review books for teaching history at the University of “Western Books” when I began San Francisco for more than three Old West managing the column in April 2013. Ph. An informal memorial. the Netherlands.TrueWestMagazine. Dillon on December 26. Dillon. is survived by three sons. California. D I L L O N The ‘Perfesser’ Educator Richard Dillon was a gentleman and a scholar. We A 39. in Marin County.S. decades. and also published his first scholarly – COURTESY DILLON COLLECTION – work. 1924.. who died award-winning Western historian. 888-687-1881 many of whom remain dedicated to the highly respected professor. For 30 years Dillon served 2016. He earned an MA in History. that his Barbara Allester Sutherland. a fellow father.

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these are the three books you have to have. Visit www. Corral fight happened. author of Inventing Wyatt Earp Order your set today! No collection will be complete without these 3 books.Store. Bob Bell gives you definitive text with illustrations and maps that bring history to life.” — Allen Barra.True West Magazine or Call: 1-888-687-1881 .K.fight Complete Set “If you want to know how and why the O.

with his crew of more than and hope made it appealing as a Western. winning cinematographer Mauro Fiore. Producer Lou Morheim wangled the Denzel Washington and Ethan Hawke. – BY SCOTT GARFIELD / METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER STUDIOS & COLUMBIA PICTURES – R emaking a classic movie is tells True West. hoped challenge with gusto. Martin Sensmeier. The only bona fide The remakers have attacked their But when remaking a classic. The that movie is based on. Although Western genre fans have been excited to see how a remade The Magnificent Seven would measure up against the original. Ethan Hawke. the seven from this year is a stellar group in a less-than-magnificent film. work a classic in the first place. Yul Brynner. truly. with actors from 2001’s Training Day. But Walter Mirisch two credited screenwriters for the 2016 film. 1954’s Seven coordinator Jeffrey Dashnaw. does a breathtaking job.” bandits who have been robbing the harvests. as does Oscar. Denzel Washington. and Director Antoine ish in the way he approaches action. one must box office star going in. “Antoine is almost savant. Richard Wenk. Chris Pratt and Byung-hun Lee. 40. He’s in 16th-century Japan.500. In Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai. RP A R K E BY Less than Magnificent The long-anticipated remake of a Western classic falls flat. and unemployed samurai to defend against double dare by remaking two: 1960’s The the action just kept getting better. who had directed T R U E 64 W E ST . a farming village hires Fuqua made the challenge a constantly trying to make sure it’s real. action. Fuqua reunited Hateful Eight. Magnificent Seven and the Japanese classic The action is. one of not lose sight of the elements that made a to direct rather than star. set daring. e r n S t E s I We MO V IES D V D & THVE N RSY EC . For the remake. magnificent. humor Samurai. remake rights for $2. Manuel Garcia-Rulfo. of 2015’s The brilliant story of character. The seven are (from left) Vincent D’Onofrio. Stunt although the village can pay only in food. instead hired John Sturges.

87 Bob Boze Bell ‘s O. 57 Texas Ranger Hall of Fame & Museum p. 90 MEDIA Diamond 57 Cowboy Boot Purses p. 87 True West Subscribe p.TrueWestMagazine. Uberti p. NM p. 87 Buffalo Bill Center of the West IFC Wanted: John Wesley Hardin Northeastern Nevada Museum p. 71 APPAREL & ACCESSORIES Catalena Hatters p. Marshal Bass Reeves MUSEUMS Special Edition Rifle p. 66 Kearney. 57 Historic Eyewear Company p. p. 1 Collector’s Set p. 84 True West Outrageous Arizona DVD HOME 888-687-1881 True West Home p. 59 Knudsen Hat Co. 3 John Bianchi’s Frontier Gunleather p. 50 Buffalo Bill’s Irma Hotel p. 66 Gathering p. 88 A. 87 Autry Museum The Hawken Shop p. 13 Old West Collector’s Set p. 84 Sighing Pines” & “In the Lion’s Paw” p. 90 Chama. p. 11 Classic Gunfights Vol. p. 65 The Hawken Shop p. 56 T R U E 65 W E ST . 87 EVENTS California Continued Exhibition p. Either mail the post-paid card or fax it to 480-575-1903. 2 True West Classic Firearms great sets available online. 56 Blue Book of Antique American Golden Gate Western Wear/ Firearms & Values p. NE p.95 Buffalo Arms Co. 86 Memorabilia p. KS p. 84 True West Black American Old West Collectors Set p. 88 Western & Wildlife Wonders p. 91 OTHER (NO INFORMATION) FIREARMS & KNIVES Bob Boze Bell’s Bad Men p. 67 TOURISM Cochise Cowboy Poetry Gathering p. 70 Collectors Arms Show p. 52 Wellington. ADVENTURE LODGING Garrett Metal Detectors p. 88 Guidon Books p. Julia Auctioneers p. p. 71 Store. 91 Buffalo Bill Center of the West IFC True West Back Issues p. III. 85 The Complete Book Set p. 61 Order yours today! More Navy Arms p. 86 Bob Boze Bell’s True West Moments p. 53 The 33rd National Cowboy Poetry Scotts Bluff/Gering. NV p.S. p. To receive FREE information from our advertisers. 88 Louis L’Amour Trading Post p. 83 Bob Boze Bells’ Big Book Sale: America Remembers p. 71 Tumbleweed Festival p. 67 Transcontinental Railroad 150th Boot Hill Museum p. 49 Elko Red Lion Hotel & Casino p. 84 of the American West p. 82 Anniversary Collectors Rifle p. 88 Jane Walker Books: “Widow of John Bianchi’s Frontier Gunleather p. NE p. 62-63 $39. Ltd. 95 A $46 value James D. 53 Texas Gun Collectors Annual Eko. 88 Warner Archive Collection BC ART & COLLECTIBLES Deputy U. 15 Atomic Ammunition p. Taylor’s & Company p. 92-93 True West Best Photos of the Cimarron Firearms Co. 58 Horse & Burro Adoptions IBC Dodge City. II. I. Corral Gunfight Black Hills Ammunition p. simply make your selections from the category listing on the adjacent card. Valid until 11/30/2016. We will forward your request.K.

00 Complimentary Friday lunch for exhibitors Saturday dinner & entertainment–$20. James Coburn. provokes a smile.and had the best time ever. Asian. he’s an American Indian. farmers were victimized by www.. and Josh Faraday (Chris Pratt) comes to his aid. Charles Bronson. characters beyond “he’s a Mexican. locale from a Mexican village to a cliché more diverse. Show Chairman at (Direct) 210-391-6860 (Email) adminw@yahoo.” again. 2016 at the Texas Cowboy Hall of Fame in the Historic Stockyards District of Fort Worth 128 East Exchange Ave.. Fuqua’s film shifts the of a sense of them. The 1960 Western is In the remake. he’s an They switched the locale to Mexico where. A saloon arrest triggers a shoot-out. more time is spent Sturges: “The two of us sat alone in a full of humor. Robert Vaughn. but is now reduced to chopping firewood. but you get less projection room. the 2016 remake rarely introducing the characters. Brad Dexter. In all three versions. – Courtesy united Artists – homage to Fred Williamson’s Westerns.18. instead hired unemployed gunmen who were Washington) rides into a different town. Mirisch The 1960 Western is crisply paced.tgca. Horst Buchholz. Fort Worth. the willing to risk their lives for about $20 apiece. 9am-2pm Tables still available—Reserve now to avoid disappointment! Contact: Sean Walsh. He assembles his seven.17.K. After a wincingly melodramatic opening.00/day Saturday Oct. Tables: Trade–$160. Robert Vaughn’s character is on 1957’s Gunfight at the O.. Steve McQueen. While Chisolm’s seven are translating all of the sequences of Mr. generic greedy land-cattle-oil-gold baron. the the lam from an honor double murder. Corral. Texas Gun Collectors Association cordially invites you to join us at our ANNUAL COLLECTORS ARMS SHOW October 14-18.00 All the fun of the Stockyards District Open to the public $5. This Magnificent Seven crew is still the one to beat: (from far left) Yul Brynner. recalled watching the original film with 2016 remake.00 • Display–$80. ambling. In the remake. in an men face death without gain. Shane-like. men who have been These farmers went north to buy guns and bounty hunter Sam Chisolm (played by selfish in the past risk their lives to do good. In the 1960 classic. The two classics are tales of redemption. you learn nothing about these Kurosawa’s movie into the Western motif. Texas 76164 This is a major event for collectors Western and Cowboy & Indian Memorabilia • Civil War • Indian Wars Colts • Winchesters • S&W • Remingtons • Edged Weapons from the earliest through WW2 • Top class displays 8 ft. costume and t r u e 66 w e st . 9am-4pm • Sunday Oct.” frontier town under the thumb of the now. you learn all you need to about the seven in succinct glimpses: Charles Bronson’s character once made big money. A woman who has fled the baron’s town a widow (Haley Bennett) hires Chisolm to drive out the villain.

families comes to a head when a man is miners.N.000-square-foot exhibition spanning two new galleries and an outdoor garden. you never have any inkling that priced actor in Hollywood.Blogspot. Parke is a screenwriter based in Los Angeles. nearly 20. 1969 film that is formidable. the ultra-cool star earned emerges as a landmark of talented but horribly miscast Peter Sarsgaard. Hawke. and the baron villain. unfortunately for Henry C. radio and richly that it has become the portrayal by than reinforce their star power. disappoint more California. courtesy of Sharon Rogers and Marshall McKay T R U E 67 W E ST .C. The comparison of than-magnificent film in their otherwise that villain to the bandit leader Calvera is stellar careers will. an Oscar nomination seven years later. film for the actors. 3:10 to Yuma comes to mind. CA 90027 CREATIVE PARTNER CINDY AND TheAutry. then starring on Wanted: Dead offers up a violent. TV. it feels like the film. James Coburn Hossein) will help in her bitter fight for baron. the genre. the commitment. $25. who had to be signed Cemetery Without Crosses This lack of crucial detail plagues the quickly. This less. ludicrous. before a looming Screen Actors (Arrow Video. who blogs about Western movies. into his world famous role in the late 1960s’ Michéle Mercier). Until the seven free the enslaved gold Guild strike. by Sergio Leone! tied behind their backs. Vaughn grew lynched in front of his wife (played by enslaved miners are out there to be freed. wanted the part so bad that he gory. revealing their personal history. McQueen. with parlayed his near-silent role into stardom frontier justice. 4700 Western Heritage Way SPONSORS Los Angeles. – 2016 POSTER COURTESY METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER STUDIOS & COLUMBIA PICTURES. and cultures of the American West at the Autry Museum in Los Angeles! Now featuring California Continued—a dazzling. or Alive. 1960 POSTER COURTESY UNITED ARTISTS – redemption is blurred because we never learn which many bandit characters are judged.L. Some Western w on View No Experience the art. Only an old beau (Robert When Chisolm has his showdown with the The Man from U. A Spaghetti Western from absolutely no foreshadowing. DVD REVIEW if the leather pouch that’s being tossed around The 1960 Western was a career-making holds a little money or a lot.the moment and ended up with an Oscar in 1999. but not makers’ afterthought. print news: HenrysWesternRoundup. just make sure you have a copy of the 1960 film to help you remember why you loved the movie in the first | #CAContinued ALAN HORN IMAGES: Mabel McKay (1907–1993). Pratt and Vincent which scene was directed seven could have taken on with both arms D’Onofrio are already famous. Try and guess comes off as the sort of twerp any one of the Washington. a poetic.29) A war between picture.E. but not A hero can only be as heroic as his villain caused a car wreck to get out of his series pretentious. have appealed to fans who loved the classic version. history. Steve a Frenchman. Lovers of Westerns should still check out the latest The Magnificent Seven. Eli Wallach played Calvera so Westerns fans everywhere. writer-director-star Hossein comes too late to matter. Bronson became the highest.

” Elko’s sidewalks become a blizzard – COURTESY NARA 524109 – T R U E 68 W E ST . 1867. In 1869. the center hosts he to the California Trail and the route of easy violence. the town of Halleck was founded. PHOTO BY ALFRED A. we mean characters. – COURTESY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 1868. HART – E lko got started in 1868 as a The modern version of that wild railroad town along settlement keeps a healthy grip on the northeast Nevada’s good parts of its past. its tourism year. In 1869. the Central Pacific Railroad construction crews reached the end of the line for the year. B A N K S Buckaroos and Basques Elko. Nevada. and remained a rowdy soldiers’ all sorts of games and vices in progress and When we say poets. calling it a town might’ve The weeklong National Cowboy Poetry been stretching the matter.T RU E W E ST E R N T OW N S B Y L E O W. only two men were killed the day I arrived. Camp Halleck was tents along the Central Pacific Railroad. restaurants and annual festivals. By April. On December 29. Elko residents posed around the No. Housed in Elko as a strategic Army outpost adjacent hardscrabble future and a propensity for the Pioneer Hotel. 108 Stager locomotive. Utah. just weeks before the CPRR met the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory Summit.000 people established northeast of present-day inhabitants mainly men with no past. West’s best poets in a lively celebration of the Central Pacific Railroad. Humboldt River. one resident wrote: “There were cowboy culture. drawing almost 5. is the Old West’s heart of northeast Nevada. camp until the fort closed in 1886. a to the Western Folklife Center. evident in museums. But stores. It consisted of Gathering in January anchors Elko’s On July 26.

Exhibits include a reconstructed ulation and three restaurants serve custom. Capriola Mining helped frontier & Co.” tional Elko Arinak Dancers. services. The bash features shows by the tradi- Management.” county fair with six days on the range? Capriola’s sells them for $255. brandy. who worked for a time on Mexican ranches and specialized in authen- of games and vices in closest to July 4th. The state the talented Mexican-born still produces 79 percent craftsman Armando Delgado. and cowboy duds worn by the After that. September a classic car visitors see works by Western artist Will show and balloon festival. such as baked lamb with Pechon encampment. famous for its saddles by Nevada grow. with much of the experience T R U E 69 W E ST . in 1968. about tradition and a museum featuring 20. Wanda Krenka. The city closes two up.M. The museum also holds etchings and watercolors by the often-overlooked “There were all sorts One unique event. don’t Babe Ruth of rodeo.” jokes Don Newman thousand booths where mining companies of the Elko Convention and show off their supplies. Operated by the Bureau of Land men were killed the West in the 19th century to herd sheep. historic rodeo photos industry. The internationally acclaimed J. Elko still has a sizable Basque pop. beginning with the Mining one makes you pucker Exposition in June.. French aperitif and a Many of Elko’s celebrations occur in lemon peel. works in the old saddles. miss the Motorcycle “Cowboys from all the big ranches a 2015 National Cowboy Poetry Festival Jamboree and the Silver around Nevada shop here. Western singer-songwriter Trinity Seely. Don’t miss the California Trail progress and only two Festival in honor of the Basques from France and Spain who emigrated to the Interpretive Center on Interstate 80 west of town. the center tells the story of emigrant life on the California Trail from day I arrived.” says clerk participant. James. there’s a canvas bedroll for those bone-cold nights Song with co-writer and festival co-founder Waddie Mitchell for “The Hand.M. Saddle Shop in downtown Elko has been a destination for working cowboys and collectors since 1929. was awarded the 2016 Western State Stampede rodeo. and after that you can’t taste downtown streets to accommodate one it anymore. “The first summer. Capriola & Co. Punch. Downtown. – PHOTOS COURTESY TRAVELNEVADA – of horseracing. a troop formed 1841 to 1869. Be sure to visit the Center’s Black The powerful drink Box Theater to see a documentary featuring contains grenadine. and in At the Northeastern Nevada Museum.000. held the weekend Edward Borein. a bitter the poetry it inspires. club cowboys talking about their way of life and soda. The of America’s gold and store also has Garcia bits and the majority of Elko’s spurs made in the vaquero population. Downstairs. the so-called affording the best people-watching west of Basque cocktail. equipment and Visitors Authority. the Pecos. is the National Basque tic portrayals of cowboy life. visitors can meet the store’s talented artisans before going upstairs to tour the Old West and Cowboy Art Museum. Looking for a handmade Writers of America Spur Award for Best In August. Jim Shoulders. Shoshone village and a replica wagon ary dishes. – PHOTOS COURTESY TRAVEL NEVADA – of buckskin and Wyatt Earp mustaches. visit J.

He has written several books of history for southern route to California? Arizona Highways. The Bureau of Land Management’s California Trail Interpretive Center. His gun collection includes his personal firearms as well as many he confiscated from criminals. has an interactive museum and regularly scheduled living-history events that celebrate and honor the heritage of the trail’s history and significance to the region and state. – COURTESY NORTHEASTERN NEVADA MUSEUM – interactive.” says Newman. Harris Firerarms Collection. Banks is an award-winning writer based in Should I follow the Donner Party or find a Tucson. “Visitors come away saying the center is selves what to load into their wagon for Smithsonian quality. just west of Elko. Visitors can decide for them. – COURTESY TRAVELNEVADA – One of Northeastern Nevada’s premiere Western exhibits is the Sheriff Joseph C. T R U E 70 W E ST . Harris was Elko County’s sheriff from 1910 to 1936. even what route to take. the journey. Leo W.

Paul • 888-880-5885 outdoor exhibits. Kristyn Harris. Visitors should start their tour at Elko’s With Ian Tyson. one of the finest living history museums in the Silver State. Trail Interpretive Center. poetry. Store. visitors might see bighorn sheep and white billy goats with long coats. Chow worked as a movie extra and reportedly taught pistol- shooting to Roy Rogers and John Wayne. In nearby Lamoille T R U E 71 W E ST . Also a master gunsmith. Brenn Hill.592. NEVADA The 33rd Gathering will honor the tradition of Western storytelling by celebrating first-hand stories. Trinity from nearby Huntington Valley. It was donated by Bob Northeastern Nevada Museum Its extensive gun collection is one of the museum’s main attractions. Ramblin’ Jack 4. contact the Elko Convention & Visitors Authority at Visit the Bureau of Land Management’s California Artwork by Howard Post: Moving the Corrientes (2010) (800) 248-3556 or visit www. its beautiful stained-glass windows were shipped to Elko by train and to Lamoille by wagon. Cowboy Celtic.WHERE THE WEST E R N FO L K L I F E C E N T E R P R E S E NTS HISTORY MEETS THE HIGHWAY The Nation’s Original Cowboy Poetry and Music Festival JANUARY 30 Lamoille Visit the picturesque town of Lamoille.TrueWestMagazine. the first Chinese-American to compete in pistol-shooting in an Olympic game (London. The Little Church of the Crossroads might be the most photographed site in Elko County. says Executive Director Donald Westfall. and plan TICKETS AND MEMBERSHIP: for at least half a day to tour the indoor and www.westernfolklife. Seely & many more! ExploreElko. and is best known for its National Cowboy Poetry Gathering. Don Edwards. songs and films rooted in – COURTESY FAMARTIN-WIKIMEDIA CREATIVE COMMONS – the values of the rural West. WesternFolklife.9943} LittleChurchOfTheCrossroads. Built in {1. the Western Folklife Center is dedicated to the culture of the ranching and rural West. Check the website for regularly scheduled events. Sherman Station Visitor Center (above). 19 miles from Elko under the Ruby Mountains.ExploreElko. CaliforniaTrailCenter. Corb Lund. which Doris Daley. 2017 • ELKO. MuseumElko. 1948). Dave For additional information about this and other California Trail Interpretive Center Elko area events and attractions. Western Folklife Center Opened in 1980. Waddie preserves five historic ranch buildings relocated Mitchell. The 33rd annual internationally famous event will be held January 30 to February 4.

buffalo By 1927 a small museum was set up in a log cabin that hunter. the Buffalo Bill Memorial Association was rider. army scout and Wild West showman—Buffalo Bill did it all.FANTASTIC FIRE By Phil Spangenberger 2017 marks the centennial of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West and its Cody Firearms Museum. was officially dedicated in 1991 and occupies about 35. bull formed in Cody. the museum’s comprehensive collection includes arms and related artifacts from all over the world. Pony Express rider. which West showman— includes five museums in Buffalo Bill one modern building covering seven acres. William F. All firearm and historical photos are courtesy the Buffalo Bill Center of the West in Cody. army has continually grown to scout and Wild become the Buffalo Bill Center of the West. “Buffalo Bill” Cody embodied the spirit of the American frontier and was our country’s first superstar. and has 4. Wyoming. unless otherwise noted. dating from the 16th century to modern times. Wyoming. the five. One of did it all. Read on and enjoy a sampling of the firearms wonders of one of the world’s finest gun collections. honor and perpetuate his legacy.000-plus guns on display. to whacker. T R U E 72 W E ST .000 of the museum’s 8. the Cody Firearms Museum. LOVED AND RESPECTED by royalty as well as the common man. Just a few weeks after his passing Pony Express in 1917. buffalo hunter. Following are 10 fantastic Old West-related firearms from the Buffalo Bill Center of the West—some included here strictly for their historical significance and others for their intrinsic beauty and embellishment.000 square feet. bull whacker. Along with several of Colonel Cody’s personal guns. teamster. teamster.

373 – T R U E 73 W E ST .ARMS IN CODY William F.6. – BBCW. MS 6 WILLIAM F. P. CODY COLLECTION. circa 1905. “Buffalo Bill” Cody demonstrates buffalo hunting for the audience at his Wild West show.

BUFFALO BILL MUSEUM. T R U E 74 W E ST .0906. it holds great Cody historical significance. 2nd Model Allin Springfield Although this .6.50-70 caliber. Billy Comstock.69.FA FANNT TASTIC TASTIC FIRE AR ARMS MS IN COD CODY – BBCW. GARLOW COLLECTION. CODY COLLECTION. BBCW. WILLIAM F. because he saw this sure-shooting rifle as beautiful but deadly. his famed buffalo-running horse.” after the renaissance-era femme fatale duchess.58 caliber Civil War rifle-musket to a metallic cartridge arm. P. and was the gun that helped him beat another buffalo hunter.366 – 1 Lucretia Borgia. during the 1869 contest for the title of World Champion Buffalo Hunter. It was also the rifle he ran buffalo with while mounted on Brigham. Converted by the government from a . this is all that survives of Buffalo Bill’s original companion during his time as a meat hunter for the Kansas Pacific Railroad. 2nd Model Allin Springfield rifle is in relic condition. MS6. 1. MUSEUM PURCHASE. Cody affectionately nicknamed this early trapdoor “Lucretia Borgia.

Moses Kerngood.2412 – T R U E 75 W E ST . Showing wear.372. as well as the wrist of the stock. 1. AND MRS. Another of the guns actually carried by Buffalo Bill. a deluxe pistol-grip and hand-checkered walnut stock and forearm.69. Cody gave it to his good friend. GIFT OF MR. 1 military-style rifle is believed to have been given to Cody by the Remington family. but those the showman actually used are the arms that stir the imagination. in memory of him. this . used by one of the world’s most famous horsemen. ORIGINAL BUFFALO BILL MUSEUM COLLECTION. HARRY SCHLOSS IN MEMORY OF MOSES KERNGOOD. 1. on horseback and chasing a running buffalo. in 1875. One such rifle is this 1873 Winchester lever-action in . and 3 was in turn gifted to the Buffalo Bill Center of the West by friends of Kerngood.45-70 caliber. this .Buffalo Bill’s Engraved 1873 Winchester Buffalo Bill Cody undoubtedly owned many guns during his lifetime. BUFFALO BILL MUSEUM. BBCW. With its low serial number 3 and the gold-plated hammer and block with a fern-like design engraved into them. The right side’s motif is a standing buffalo surrounded by elaborate scrollwork. 2 this rifle has an exquisitely engraved gold-plated receiver. – COURTESY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. – BUFFALO BILL MUSEUM. BBCW. several of them were presentation pieces.44 WCF (Winchester Central Fire) caliber. this is a classic and ornate saddle rifle. 35-inch long.45-70 appears in an 1870s photo of him with it across his lap. Fitted with a standard 24-inch blued barrel.69. probably from use in his performances. TRUE WEST ARCHIVES – Buffalo Bill’s Remington Rolling Block This Remington No. while the receiver’s left side depicts Cody himself. three-band rifle bears more of a special presentation appearance than a martially issued arm.

69. ACTOR AND FRIEND OF ANNIE OAKLEY AND FRANK BUTLER. Handsomely adorned in engraved foliate designs with a ram on the receiver's left side.44-40 caliber. BBCW. P. with a 22-inch half round/half octagon blued smoothbore barrel.25.1166. FRED STONE. but also of loving care.2 – Annie Oakley’s 1892 Winchester Perhaps no one is linked more closely to Buffalo Bill Cody than “Little Sure Shot. WY. was custom-made for Annie and actually used in her famed performances in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show. Here’s one of this legendary sharpshooter’s personal firearms. GIFT OF DOROTHY STONE COLLINS IN MEMORY OF HER FATHER. USA. the gun shows the telltale signs of usage. 1. CODY. This elaborately engraved . and a deer on its right side. T R U E 76 W E ST . as would be given by someone who makes their living with it.FA FANNT TASTIC TASTIC FIRE AR ARMS MS IN COD CODY 4 – BUFFALO BILL MUSEUM.” Annie Oakley herself. CODY COLLECTION. BBCW. MS 6 WILLIAM F. comfortable shotgun butt plate and a hand-checkered walnut stock and forearm.69. 1892 Winchester rifle.

– TRUE WEST ARCHIVES.000 manufactured. It’s a prime example of one of the famed working guns of the American West. III.” – CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM. 2000. Hawken rifle. GIFT OF FLORENCE JENKINS AND THE DONALD BECKER FAMILY.44 rimfire rifle and its designer B.14. with a 31¼-inch-long octagonal barrel. Virtually every lever gun— regardless of maker—since then owes a debt to this .56 caliber rifle weighing 12-plus pounds. 5 John Johnston’s Hawken Undoubtedly the most famous name in Plains Rifles. Whether or not this is true. Missouri. Frontiersman John Johnston is shown here in a later photo with a Sharps rifle. trapped.W. it’s a coveted trophy. the St.69. BBCW. he was a skilled outdoorsman who hunted. with only around 14. and among them are beautiful engraved examples like this silver-plated and ornately embellished Henry with its floral and scroll engraving.” was a primary muzzle-loader of the fur trapper and mountain man. but due to its limited production (1862-1866).6284.” or “Crow Killer. CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM. BBCW. 1. His Hawken is a . this “sixteen shooter” went on to see use on the frontier and 6 was the parent gun of the later lever-action Winchesters. ROEBLING. scouted. is one of the most sought-after firearms by collectors.” by Confederates during the Civil War. Tyler Henry. because Old West yarns tell of his supposed vendetta GIFT OF F.1 - T R U E 77 W E ST . where he ate the liver of his enemies for killing his Flathead Indian wife. Engraved Henry Rifle The gun that revolutionized repeating rifles.1. served as a soldier and worked as a Montana lawman. The Cody Firearms Museum has several. Dubbed as that “Damned Yankee rifle that you load on Sunday and shoot all week. TRUE WEST ARCHIVES – against the Crow Indian tribe. He was known as “liver eating Johnston. the Model 1860 Henry. also known as the “Rocky Mountain Rifle. Louis.

8. –HICKOK IMAGE COURTESY ROBERT G. but with a small ivory inset.1 – – COURTESY CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM.6284. 1988. color case hardened receiver.36 caliber.69. This “percussion peacemaker” was reportedly sold to pay for the gunfighter’s burial expenses after he was murdered in Deadwood. Serven collection. 1. The Cody Firearms Museum 7 displays one of Hickok’s actual Navy Colts among the many documented arms of famous Old West gun owners. PHIL SPANGENBERGER COLLECTION – 8 1876 “One of One Thousand” Winchester The legendary “One of One Thousand” Winchesters are scarcities to begin with. Its front sight is the traditional blade. CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM. GIFT OF OLIN CORPORATION. is a. GIFT OF FLORENCE JENKINS AND THE DONALD BECKER FAMILY. along with scroll engraving and a silver inlaid band at each end. 1851 Navy revolver that was his favorite sidearm.” and has long been one of the Cody Firearms Museum’s most popular attractions. WINCHESTER ARMS COLLECTION. MCCUBBIN COLLECTION. It’s further decorated with the script “One of One Thousand” legend on top of the barrel at the breech. tang sight and a hand- checkered pistol-grip stock and forearm. The Cody Firearms Museum’s example. Produced in 1880.192. this is the very first Winchester of that very special model. BBCW. ivory-stocked and scroll-engraved cap and ball pistol.FA FANNT TASTIC TASTIC FIRE AR ARMS MS IN COD CODY Wild Bill Hickok’s 1851 Navy Colt Although James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok was known to have used several different sixguns during his life. Despite the signs of use and wear on this 7 ½-inch octagon barreled. it never fails to conjure up stirring images of the “Prince of Pistoleers. BBCW. and the 76' model is the rarest of this breed with only 54 ever produced. South Dakota Territory. from the famous James E. in 1876. T R U E 78 W E ST . 45-60 caliber rifle sporting a standard 28-inch octagon barrel. it was Colt’s .

1988. and the forearm with the pewter fore end. CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM.8. along with more engraving found on the 24-inch blued barrel. 519426. BBCW. inspired so many writers and movie and television producers. Its select wood stock with the color case hardened iron patchbox. when percussion firearms were still viable weapons. – COURTESY PHIL SPANGENBERGER COLLECTION. sets off the color cased receiver and scarce (only 110 10 made) blued half round/half octagon 26-inch barrel. CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM. 1991. Zane Grey’s 1895 Winchester The writer whose classic novels. Elizabeth.44 caliber breech loading rifle. is a Hollywood gun coach and character actor. and is True West’s Firearms Editor.. Hand-checkering on the premium walnut stock and forearm. and a gilt bear in a hued woodland scene on the right side. even on its lever. WINCHESTER ARMS COLLECTION. owned this rifle which is as captivating and exciting as his sagebrush sagas.743 – T R U E 79 W E ST . Further enhancing this incredible 9 firearm is Zane Grey’s “ZG” monogram in solid gold. This beautiful 1895 Winchester lever-action rifle—a scarce take-down model—is profusely engraved in scroll and floral motifs. George Custer’s 1853 Sharps Sporter This 1853 model “slant breech” Sharps.1. Col. Custer was an avid hunter and followed his passion for taking game while on campaign. would have most likely been used by “Yellow Hair” in the West of the late 1860s. filled with vividly described characters and Western landscapes. appears on the History Channel and other documentary networks. GIFT OF OLIN CORPORATION. This is one of the Cody Firearms Museum’s rare and historically significant guns. given to Winchester by Custer’s widow. This . manufactured sometime between 1854 and 1859. George Armstrong Custer. DONATED IN LOVING MEMORY OF ROBERT JESSE MOORE BY HIS FAMILY. – COURTESY NARA. BBCW. percussion Sporting Rifle is well documented as being the personal property of Lt. produces Wild West shows.1 – Lt. along with a multi-shaded golden elk and wreath inlaid on the receiver’s left side. Phil Spangenberger has written for Guns & Ammo. Col. finish off this one-of-a-kind Winchester—a truly unique example of the gunmaker’s artistry.

com From the Gary & Betty Robertson Arms & Armor Auction. events and dealers we highly recommend you visit and Captain Henry W.265 million. or be inspired to purchase an Old West firearm for your personal collection. We do hope that if you love Old West firearms and weapons. let us know about it. TX • HA. True West's editors have compiled the following guide to the nation's best museums with remarkable Old West firearms and weapons exhibits. 1. a recent best price was made on the 1862 iron-frame Henry rifle. a world record for the highest-priced single firearm sold at auction. 24 ¼-inch octagonal barrel. serial 119. —Stuart Rosebrook HERITAGE AUCTIONS Dallas. sold on May 1. serial no.FA FANNT TASTIC TASTIC FIRE ARMS COAST TO COAST The West's Best Firearms and Weapons Coast to Coast The editors of True West magazine hope you have enjoyed Phil Spangenberger's expert insights on the Buffalo Bill Center of the West's premiere firearms collection and the top ten Old West guns in the Cody Firearms and Buffalo Bill museums. 2016 for $1. If we left out your favorite. auctions. T R U E 80 W E ST . . The editors have created a select list of auctions. Rock Island. While the Buffalo Bill Center of the West is internationally recognized as one of the nation's foremost institutions dedicated to preserving and exhibiting the history and heritage of firearms and weapons in the American West.44 rimfire caliber. you will take an opportunity to visit these great museums. Lawton’s Winchester Model 1886 Sporting Rifle. ROCK ISLAND AUCTION CO. there are other museums that might be closer to home. IL • RockIslandAuction. We believe that as a True West reader you might enjoy attending a firearms auction or collector's event in your region. fewer than 200 are known to exist. events and dealers throughout the year.

VA • AmericaRemembers. OH CowanAuctions.45 Colt caliber. TX • TexasRanger. LLC yellowed grips with finger grooves. CA • Ashland. AMERICA REMEMBERS Rock Fredericksburg. MD • Bonhams & Butterfield A. NV • HolabirdAmericana. many of the best arms are sold TEXAS RANGER HALL OF FAME AND MUSEUM through auction houses like the companies Waco. is dedicated to Rangers revolver is a limited-edition exclusive that will only be available in Brian Lebel's High Noon Show & Auction The Uberti Buffalo Bill Centennial commemorative is a fully Morphy Auctions Carol Watson's Orange Coast Auctions Irvine. Accokeek.A. Burley Auction Gallery New Braunfels. IL • Cowan's Auction House Cincinnati and Cleveland. TX • ASAuctions. listed here. The following firms have a The Aten Brothers exhibit at the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and proven track record of selling quality of John Wayne’s single action . Cody carried Brian Lebel’s Old West Auction during his years as an Indian fighter and buffalo hunter.CowansAuction. Calvin and Will Aten. A&S Antique Auctions Waco. TX • OldWestEvents. ME • James Little John's Auction Service Orange. Firearms & Weapons Auctions Looking to buy an Old West-type firearm? These days. CA • functional replica of the Remington 1858 black powder revolver that William F. from includes the Colt Single Action Army 1885-made Revolver from the most commonly encountered to the the 1889 Alvin Odle High Noon Western Americana Cimarron Firearms' Rooster Shooter is an Uberti reproduction Venice. with a trail-worn plain finish and aged-looking Holabird’s Western Americana Collections. TX • BurleyAuction. America Remembers honors two Western icons with the Buffalo Bill Cody and Annie Oakley Tribute Revolver. ultimate in the field of gun-collecting. TX • Cimarron-Firearms.S. firearms and related arms Heritage Auctions CIMARRON FIREARMS Dallas. Fairfield. with a 4 ¾ -inch barrel. NH • AmoskeagAuction. PA • MorphyAuctions. TX • HA. BENNELLI. T R U E 81 W E ST . U. Multiple locations worldwide • Amoskeag Auction Company Manchester. Inc. CA • LittleJohns. The Fort Rock Island Auction Co. AZ • OldWestEvents. The Tribute is decorated in elegant 24-karat gold with portraits of Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley on the cylinder.


Scottsdale, AZ •
Western Spirit’s current exhibition, “Courage and Crossroads:
A Visual Journey through the Early American West” includes the
circa 1800 American Presentation Style Pipe Tomahawk of
Captain Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), with maple shaft,
steel head and silver inlays.

Sundance, WY •
The .38-40 caliber Single Action Colt Army pistol and holster were
on display in the Schloredt Pharmacy in Sundance from 1910 to
1950. The modified holster was shortened and the rolled trigger
guard lip shows evidence of much usage.

Cincinnati and Cleveland, OH •
Cowan’s Auction House will be auctioning the Savage
Model 1907 semi-automatic pistol that was presented
to William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody By The Savage Firearms
Company, and engraved on the backstrap: “Col W.
F. Cody” at Cowan’s two-day historic firearms and
early militaria Live Salesroom Auction at 10 a.m. ET in
Cincinnati on November 1-2, 2016. The catalog will be
available online and in print early on October 20. Its
estimated value is $40,000 to $60,000.

Fairfield, ME •
The extremely rare and historic Cashmore
shotgun was made for one of the world’s
greatest sharpshooters, Annie Oakley. She
was often photographed with this gun,
and Cashmore has capitalized on this in its
advertising—great provenance!

82 W E ST

Firearms & Weapons
& Dealers
Offering a variety of modern-made
firearms—from authentic Old West replicas
to guns that have been inspired by the great
guns of yesteryear, but made with more
modern detailing—these arms companies are
our recommendations for Western firearms
buffs to set their sights on.
A. Uberti, Bennelli USA
Accokeek, MD •
American Legacy Firearms
Fort Collins, CO
Browning : Morgan, UT •
Buffalo Arms Co.
Ponderay, ID •
C. Sharps Arms, Inc.
Big Timber, MT •
Cimarron Fire Arms
Fredericksburg, TX •
Colt's Manufacturing: Hartford, CN •
CVA: Duluth, GA •
Dixie Gun Works
Union City, TN •
E.M.F. Co.Inc.
Santa Ana, CA •
The Hawken Shop
Oak Harbor, WA •
Henry Repeating Arms
Bayonne, NJ •
I Pietta
Gussago (BS), Italy •
Lyman Products Corp.
Middletown, CT •
Navy Arms
Martinsburg, WV •
Peacemaker Specialists
Paso Robles, CA •
Ruger Firearms UBERTI 1959

Southport, CT •
Shiloh Sharps
Big Timber, MT • They won the West 150 years ago. They win matches
Taylor’s & Co. Inc. & turn heads at the range today. Own one or both in
Winchester, VA • your favorite caliber & barrel length–keep the legend
Traditions Performance Firearms alive. Available in .45 LC, 44/40 WCF & .357 Magnum.
Old Saybrook, CT •
Turnbull Restoration & Manufacturing Co.
Bloomfield, NY •
Winchester Repeating Arms,
Morgan, UT •
83 W E ST


Firearms & Weapons Museums
North, south, east or west—no matter where you live in the United States, chances are there's a museum that has a worthwhile display of firearms,
edged weapons and related artifacts. While some institutions specialize in guns, there are plenty that have worthwhile arms exhibits—enough to
ignite the interest of any gun enthusiast. Here are just a few that we feel are worth taking aim at.

The Adams Museum J.M. Davis Arms & Historical Museum Rock Island Arsenal Museum
Deadwood, SD • Claremore, OK • Rock Island, IL •
Ancient Ozark Museum of Natural History John M. Browning Firearms Museum Shelburne Museum
Ridgedale, MO • at Union Station Shelburne, VT •
Arizona State Museum Ogden, UT • Texas Ranger Museum
Tucson, AZ • Museum of the Fur Trade Waco, TX •
Autry Museum of the American West Chadron, NE • U.S. Cavalry Museum
Los Angeles, CA • National Firearms Museum Fort Riley, KS •
Boot Hill Museum Fairfax, VA • Virginia Military Institute Museum
Dodge City, KS • The National Museum of American History, Lexington, VA •
Buffalo Bill Museum & Grave Washington, D.C. • Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art
Golden, CO • Northeastern Nevada Museum Hartford, CT •
Buffalo Soldiers National Museum, Elko, NV • West Point Museum
Houston, TX • NRA National Sporting Arms Museum West Point, NY •
Crook County Museum Springfield, MO • Western Spirit: Scottsdale’s
Sundance, WY • Panhandle Plains Museum Museum of the West
Frazier History Museum Canyon, TX • Scottsdale, AZ •
Louisville, KY • Remington Arms Museum
Ilion, NY •

It’s more than a rI
It’s hI

Genuine S. Hawken
Classic Plains Rifle
Made in the USA
The Hawken Shop®•Oak Harbor, WA
***Free catalog!***

84 W E ST

com In honor of the 150th Anniversary of the Buffalo Soldiers. represents the genesis of all future lever- action rifles. T R U E 85 W E ST .149 – WELLINGTON. paving the way for the Henry. GIFT OF OLIN CORPORATION. LTD.44 mag rifles. CODY FIREARMS MUSEUM Cody.8. Loveland. 1988. Ltd. A portion of the proceeds will be donated to the Buffalo Soldiers National Museum in Houston. CO • WellingtonLTD. WY • CenterOfTheWest. Texas. serial no. and all Winchester lever guns. – BBCW. Although probably a factory exhibition piece. has crafted 150 special edition Henry Brass . this exquisite circa 1854 Smith & Wesson Volcanic rifle. Wellington. WINCHESTER ARMS COLLECTION.

obsolete and cowboy ammunition! THE CENTENNIAL MODEL 1873 WINCHESTER Outfitters to the Old West! Buffalo Bill Center of the West • CodyGun. the largest gun exhibition in the state of Nevada. Whitney with the shotgun during a gambling dispute in Ellsworth in August 1873. Working with Winchester. has a superior selection of classic long guns.3418 BOOT HILL MUSEUM • Dodge City.44-40 rifle with an octagonal barrel. Navy Arms has created two outstanding replicas to celebrate the Buffalo Bill Center of the West’s 2017 Centennial. Now. ID 83852 Navy Arms—the company that launched the replica-firearms industry—worked with original maker Winchester for the production of just 200 exhibition 208 263-6953 models and 1.F PST 660 Vermeer Court. Hill Museum’s firearms exhibition. FA FANNT TASTIC TASTIC FIRE ARMS COAST TO COAST Colt Holster Model Paterson Number 5 MUSEUM OF THE FUR TRADE Chadron. NV • ExploreElko. NV • 775. T R U E 86 W E ST . KS • Center of the West and the Cody Firearms ~Bob Chow Gun Collection~ The Bob Chow Firearms Collection at Northeastern Nevada Museum. Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver The Museum of the Fur Trade has a display of personal firearms of famous Americans that includes Sioux Chief Red Cloud's personally adorned . Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver Great Basin Home of Great Art & History NORTHEASTERN NEVADA MUSEUM Elko. One hundred percent of the profits from the sale of these two models will go to the mission of the Buffalo Bill www.4:30pm M .org Your source for cowboy Gunman Ben Thompson’s George Gibbs shotgun is part of Boot shooting supplies.50-70 Remington rolling block rifle. R West. such as the 1873 Winchester caliber .com To celebrate its first century of excellence.000 presentation models.BuffaloArms. Ben’s brother. 8am . NE • FurTrade. Ponderay. fatally wounded Sheriff Chauncey B. the Buffalo Bill Center Buffalo of the West is proud to partner with Navy Arms and Winchester Firearms to re-create the famed Winchester “Centennial Model” 1873 lever-action rifle. using these records and original firearms housed at the Center of the ARMS CO.738. Elko.

We ship January 20-22. songs and films rooted in the values of the rural May • 888-880-5885 Centennial. April and August 2017 (exact dates unknown). Reno.11. the TGCA has gained The Nation’s Original Cowboy Poetry and Music Festival a reputation as one of the finest arms- collecting organizations in the U. Dave Stamey. Paul Zarzyski. Trinity these gun-collectors’ Sales from the Gift Shop benefit the preservation July 14-16. 13. Brenn Hill. NV. The JANUARY 30 . OK • TulsaArmsShow. 2017. This is a public antique and education activities of the Museum. Closed Thanksgiving. (877) 750-8631 The Big Reno Show Like us on Facebook for a thestore@texasranger.FEBRUARY 4. Del Mar. E R N FO L K L I F E C E N T E R P R E S E WEST NTS THE TEXAS GUN COLLECTORS ASSOCIATION Tyler. Waddie Buy.ExploreElko. 10. poetry. WY • WinchesterCollector. Las Vegas Antique Arms Show Las Vegas. gun show held for the Winchester and Open 9am to 4:30pm CST daily. Dec. chance to win FREE ammo! this is a really big show! T R U E 87 W E ST .S. Kristyn Harris. modern and antique arms: Phoenix . While Seely & many more! many types of firearms. TICKETS AND MEMBERSHIP: Colorado Gun Collectors Association www. 2017. 2017 • Reno. Sharps collectors associations. TX • TGCA. sell. 2016. NV • AntiqueArmsShow. 2016 WW Texas Gun Collectors Association Houston. can be found at almost any of the shows For additional information about this and other listed here. Cowboy Celtic. Corb Lund. exhibitions. Orange County and Sacramento shows throughout the year. CA. Christmas and New Year’s Day. Annette Jones represented the The 33rd Gathering will honor the tradition of Western storytelling organization in Fort Worth. new and used.htm August 2017.. October These are big shows. AZ. NV • BigRenoShow. Winchester Arms Collector's Association's Cody Show Cody. December 2-4. TX • TGCA. by celebrating first-hand stories. Doris Daley. 2016 Wanemacher's Tulsa Arms Show Tulsa. Old West guns and gear are Elko area events and attractions. and attracts the top collectors and dealers. Firearms Events With Ian Tyson. contact the a common thread running through the Elko Convention & Visitors Authority at fabric of each of these top collectors’ Artwork by Howard Post: Moving the Corrientes (2010) (800) 248-3556 or visit www. CO • CGCA. trade—that's the byword at Mitchell.. Don Edwards. In 2012.2. 2016 & April If you shoot these. As Ed Sullivan would This show specializes in high-quality antique arms You’ll love these. NEVADA TGCA has shows throughout Texas annually. 2017—3700 tables! Crossroads of the West Gun Shows CrossroadsGunShows. Ramblin’ Jack November For over 65 years.

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(Back issues have sold for as high as $300!) Collect your favorites now. GET ’EM Order yours before they are gone! True West is one of the most collectible history magazines in the world. as the love for history will never go out of date! Almost Almost Gone! Gone! Jan-2000 Jan-2001 Feb/Mar-2001 Wild Bill Topless Gunfighter Wyatt Earp Almost Gone! Aug/Sep-2001 Aug/Sep-2002 Jul-2003 Feb-Mar-2003 Aug-2004 Jan-2003 Wild Bill Defeat of Jesse James Doc & Wyatt Guns that won the West John Wesley Hardin Historical Photos Almost Gone! Dec-2006 Oct-2006 Jan-2007 Nov/Dec-2008 Sep-2009 Nov/Dec-2010 Buffalo Gals & Guys Tombstone/125th OK Corral Cowboys ae indians Mickey Free 500 Yrs Before Cowboys Black Warriors of the West Apr-2011 Aug-2012 Aug-2013 Dec-2014 Dec-15 Apr-2016 True Grit/Bridges & Wayne Butch and Sundance Tombstone-The Walk Down Women Who Left Their Mark First Mountain Man Lonesome Dove .

Man o Nov: Soiled Doves o Jan/Feb: Top 10 Western Towns o Dec: Cowboy Ground Zero o May: The Racial Frontier Mar: Trains/Pony Express 2002 o o Jun: Playing Sports in the OW o Apr: OW Destinations/Clint Eastwood 2014 o Aug/Sep: Jesse James o Jul/Aug: Dude! Where’s My Ranch? o Oct: Billy On The Brain o May: Legendary Sonny Jim o Jan: Best 100 Historical Photos o Sep: Indian Yell o Jun: Extreme Western Adventures o Feb: Assn.TrueWestMagazine.Lawmen & Gunfighters 2010 o Jul: Cowboys & Cowtowns o Apr: I’ve Been Everywhere. Outlaw Women! o Jan/Feb: Six Guns o Oct: 3:10 To Yuma o Jan: 100 Historical Am. Indian Photos o Aug: Was Geronimo A Terrorist? o Mar: Fakes/Fake Doc o Nov/Dec: Brad Pitt & Jesse James o Sep: Western Museums/CBs & Aliens o Feb: Mountain Man-First Survivalists o April/Travel: Visit the Old West Oct: Hard Targets o Mar: Mickey Free/Severed Heads 2008 o o May:Iron Horse/Sacred Dogs o Nov/Dec: Butch Cassidy is Back o Apr: Jack Stilwell-Forgotten Scout o Jan/Feb: Pat Garrett/No Country o May: Armed to Survive o Jun: HBO’s Deadwood o Mar: Who Killed the Train? o Jul: 17 Legends 2012 o Jun: Billy the Kid-Special Report o Apr: Travel/Geronimo o Feb: Az Crazy Road to Statehood o Jul: 50 Historical Photos-Panco Villa o Aug: JW Hardin o May: Who Stole Buffalo Bill’s Home? o Sep: Wild Bunch o Mar: Special Entertainment Issue o Aug: Luke Short-Dodge City War o Jun: The Last Cowboy President? o Apr: Riding Shotgun with History o Sep: Crossing America-Lewis & Clark o Oct: Bill Pickett o Jul: Secrets of Our Nat’l Parks/Teddy o Nov/Dec: Dale Evans o May: The Outlaw Cowboys of NM o Oct: Wyatt Earp in Hollywood o Aug: Kendricks Northern CBs/Photos o Jun: Wyatt On The Set! o Nov: 22 Guns that Won the West o Sep: Saloons & Stagecoaches o July: Deadly Trackers o Dec: The First Mountain Man o Aug: How Did Butch & Sundance Die? See the complete collection of available back issues online at the True West Store! Store. of Pat Garrett o Nov/Dec: Butch & Sundance o Oct: Tombstone/125th Ok Corral o Jul: Starvation Trail/AZ Rough Riders o Mar: Stand-up Gunfights 2003 o Nov: Gambling o Aug: Digging Up Billy the Kid o Apr: Wyatt Earp Alaska o Jan: 50 Historical Photos o Dec: Buffalo Gals & Guys o Sep: Classic Rodeo! o May: Tom Horn o Feb/Mar: 50 Guns 2007 o Oct: Extraordinary Western Art o Jun: Custer Captured o Apr: John Wayne o Jan/Feb: Cowboys Are Indians o Nov/Dec: Black Warriors of the West o Jul: 50 Historical Gunfighter Photos o Spring: Jackalope Creator Dies o Mar: Trains/Jim Clark o Aug: Bigfoot Wallace/Train Robberies o May/Jun: Custer Killer 2011 o Apr: Western Travel o Sep: New Billy Photo/Top Museums o Jul: Doc & Wyatt o Jan/Feb: Sweethearts of the Rodeo o Oct: Charlie Russell/Movie Hats o May: Dreamscape Desperado/Billy o Mar: 175th Anniv Battle of the Alamo o Aug/Sep: A General Named Dorothy o Jun: Collecting the West/Photos o Nov: Wild Bills's Last Gunfight o Oct: Vera McGinnis o Apr: Three True Grits o Dec: Olive Oatman-Branded o Jul: Man Who Saved The West o May: Historic Ranches o Nov/Dec: Worst Westerns Ever o Aug: Western Media/Best Reads o Jun: Tin Type Billy 2015 2004 o Sep: Endurance Of The Horse o Jul: Viva.WHILE THEY LAST! Complete Your Collection 2000 2005 o Oct: Charlie Russell o Sep: The Heros of Northfield o Jan: Buffalo Bill o Jan/Feb: Rare Photos o Nov/Dec: Mickey Free o Oct: Bravest Lawman You Never o Mar: Richard Farnsworth o Mar: Deadwood/McShane o Nov: Armed & Courageous 2009 o May: Samuel Walker o Apr: 77 Sunset Trips o Dec: Legend of Climax Jim o Jan/Feb: Border Riders o Jun: Frontier Half-Bloods o May: Trains/Collector’s Edition o Mar: Poncho Villa 2013 o Jul: Billy & the Kids o Jun: Jesus Out West o Apr: Stagecoach o Jan: Best of the West/John Wayne o Aug: John Wayne o Jul: All Things Cowboy o May: Battle For The Alamo o Feb: Rocky Mountain Rangers o Sep: Border Breed o Aug: History of Western Wear o Jun: Custer’s Ride To Glory o Apr: US Marshals o Oct: Halloween Issue o Sep: Gambling o Jul: Am 1-888-687-1881 . Then & Now o May: Texas Rangers o Nov: Apache Scout o Oct: Blaze Away/Wyattt o Aug: Wild West Shows o Jun: Doc’s Last Gunfight o Dec: Mountain Men o Nov/Dec: Gay Western? Killer DVDs o Sep: Vaquero/500 Yrs Before CBs o Jul: Comanche Killers! 2001 2006 o Oct: Capturing Billy o Aug: Tombstone 20th Annv o Jan: Topless Gunfighter o Jan/Feb: Mexican Insurgents o Nov/Dec: Chaco Canyon o Sep: Ambushed on the Pecos o May/Jun: Custer o Mar: Kit Carson o Oct: Outlaws.

did Hickok held the Dead Man’s Hand. the barrel was right side. while others rode ’em until they were broke. I Buggy drivers sat on the right because robbing saloons is once dropped a . Box 8008. they banks. I think. in 1876. Bluefield. holding when he was murdered? Marion Hedgepeth. to say because a lot depends on the – ALL IMAGES TRUE WEST ARCHIVES UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED– personality of the horse and the cowboy doing the training. Tumbleweed. Montana Dakota Territory. or people eat tumbleweed soup? aces and eights. the late Joseph Rosa. Minnesota Western train robber. most gunmen fully loaded their Michael Weirens Sartell. P. When a firefight was imminent. or Russian thistle.O. Texas Dan Clutter No place was off Denison. Iowa Why did stage drivers sit on the limits for outlaws. Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and vice president of the Wild West History Association. could more easily pull a weapon on the stories. “Whatever ya do. Also. That extra bullet might be needed. South Dakota. they would all say. letting the hammer right side? Kevin Baldwin followed the money. stagecoaches Marion Hedgepeth cylinder. T R U E 94 W E ST .” R.45 revolver most were right handed and the whip writers prefer to use with all six bullets in the could be wielded without possibly hurting the person seated next to you. If a town Fortunately. Here’s how Carl Justice Yes. then and now. AZ 85327 or e-mail him at marshall. Which cards was “Wild Bill” Hickok mercantile store or saloon. didn’t have a bank—and many didn’t— pointing away from me. Wyoming. while trying Legend says James Butler “Wild Bill” to hold up a saloon in Chicago. “The trick to breaking a horse is to climb on and Tex Crockett stayed on his bucking keep getting bucked off until the horse horse. 10 Saloon in Deadwood. and it went off when and trains in their the hammer hit the deck. His latest book is Arizona’s Outlaws and Lawmen. Some bronc busters had luck with the gentle touch. New Year’s Eve in 1909. The old-time bronc busters often had several horses to break and didn’t have the luxury of patience and time to prep the animal to be ridden. rest on an empty chamber Frankenmuth. West Virginia is edible raw or cooked like greens— explained it: I heard an old cowboy say. They Yes. I knew better and townsfolk often put money in a safe at a nearly paid dearly for my mistake. stole until the day he piece. 2015. Saloon If you have a question. Michigan The reason you don’t was safer. don’t break their spirit. Cave Creek. as any accidental read much about blow might fire the charge.trimble@scottsdalecc. History Press. Doubleday taken at a rodeo in What works and what doesn’t is hard Cheyenne. That being said. Illinois. Navajos have been making James Lenart out of the six chambers? tumbleweed soup for generations. write: Ask the Robbery? BY MARSHALL TRIMBLE Were Old West Did Old Westerners but you have to eat it when it’s young saloons ever robbed? generally load only five and soft. West. when Jack McCall shot Do Westerns accurately show how Brian LaMoure him in the No. some ranchers and foremen would fire a cowboy on the spot for being cruel to a horse. a fairly well-known however. Hickok biographer. horses are saddle broken? Helena. During the Great Depression. in this Ralph gets bored. died.

but the Queen of Diamonds. McCall shot Hickok.claimed in his correspondence with Frank J. the only [contemporaneous] reference to cards Hickok may have held that I have found appeared in Harry (Sam) Young’s book Hard Knocks. mathematically.. he could have drawn a low hand. had ‘. blood. Clubs and Spades. Others will doubtless disagree. a self-styled barber- Best Photos surgeon and blowhard.. however. I was told by a poker expert that Hickok could have had a full house (that is three of a kind plus a pair) or. MCCUBBIN COLLECTION – T R U E 95 W E ST . Store. $39. Peirce. two black “Wild Bill” Hickok 888-687-1881 – COURTESY ROBERT G.TrueWestMagazine. However. the former Missouri Riverboat pilot. have claimed that the ‘kicker’ was not the Jack. smoke. the Ace of Clubs. Some. breaking Bill on the hand. visit our online store. Young was the bartender at the No. As Young returned to the bar. 10. [Bill] Massie. Over 500 Old West historical photos from our True West collections. and he claimed that Capt. Young’s more matter-of-fact reference makes more sense than Peirce’s claim. but it is arguments that make horses race!” I believe. shock—that nobody bothered to check his hand.beat a king full for Bill with four sevens.’ Young then said that he had brought Hickok $50 worth of checks. with so much chaos— gunfire. “Ellis T. True West offers many exciting sets to choose from. Collector’s Set but no proof has been produced.. Add to your personal collection today!. which became celebrated out West as the Dead Man’s Hand. and the Jack of Diamonds.95 S&H A $56 Value To find more great deals.. “Some years ago. Wilstach in the 1920s that the cards Hickok of the Old West held were the Ace of Spades.

Four months in that era was incredible. while working anniversary tour. In this period of my life. Eight weeks clothes and sets that were as historically perfect as one could get later. but He said. FOLK MUSICIAN Born in Oakland. The Carter Family’s music was a second love to all the other performers came out to watch us. not down!” felt. we had finished 34 to 1853 California. play is “Night Rider’s Lament.” Finding those real lyrics and then encountering Western music was great. play the banjo and get out of Orange County—travel the world. and he was eager to pick with Earl. 1966. Louise. Live. I asked Scruggs his secret to “back up” for a singer. “Why?” and Bluegrass. I was working in Disneyland’s Main Street Magic Shop. including the Cinerama premiere of How the West Was – MCEUEN PHOTO COURTESY JOHN MCEUEN. “Folk music” was often not exciting nor fun. straight from the heart Johnny Russell said. I knew we could get to ovation encore. I found the real story more fascinating than what Hollywood portrayed. which is currently on a 50th the banjo. “Yes.” he says. you can’t hear either one. But my favorite to with is mandolin. instrumentals: “If two men are talking at once. We would schedule when he discovered traditional Western songs at Folk concerts our work breaks to meet in Frontierland and catch whatever that “told the real story. released by John McEuen (left). and in my off time reading all the Zane Grey books about the West. as we songs. we started recording. my favorite instrument to record La Rue—seemed to know all of the songs. MCEUEN – I bought my first guitar at 17 and was learning “Freight Train” and Folk standards.” which I hope to record with John Fogerty some day. including John McEuen Presents: The Music of the Wild West. In Zurich. Junior Huskey and Roy Acuff. It was a great era. McEuen has made more than Bluegrass group had been booked there. for 14 hours a day. the best part of which was living in the same question. “If he sings low. play low. Made in Brooklyn. Guitar Shop in Long Beach. we opened for Johnny Cash. I asked Doc Watson movie Paint Your Wagon. One of the stuntmen on Paint Your Wagon—Walt Depending on the lyric. we haven’t gone over that great and and the land. Good luck. at a club called the Paradox. When Earl Scruggs said.” When we got a standing our band. ALBUM PHOTO Won. 40 albums. John Carter Cash. in an 1890s setting. I first heard Bluegrass live at 17½ years old when I went to see the Dillards in Orange. Maybelle Carter. I was excited.” For that was because I was hearing the “Hollywood” versions. but when I encountered Folk music / COVER ART BY ALAN NAHIGIAN – and researched some of the songs. banjo or guitar. they were all clapping and cheering. The Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp and all those COURTESY CHESKY RECORDS TV Westerns appealed to me. We fell in love with it at the same time. Through him. the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band was just forming in McCabe’s Made in Brooklyn (Chesky Records). play high. on a 12-act show. If he sings high.) on the latest album. That night changed my life. Doc let us know. debuted in September. “Well. and six days later. where we all had been hanging out. as it was like new Folk music. By July from 1993’s The Wild West miniseries. – COURTESY M. where. I asked. Jay Ungar. California. His latest solo album. et al. “Always tune up to a note. T R U E 96 W E ST . California. JOHN MCEUEN. as it gave me direction I had been lacking: I now wanted to be a “musical performer” of some type. Gunsmoke. the Western Heritage Award-winning soundtrack Wanting to get on the radio. My dad was a fan of Western things and took us to a lot of films. Banjo player Steve Martin (far left) joined the ensemble of musicians (David Bromberg. got Jimmy Martin. John McEuen is a founding member I “introduced” my high school friend Steve Martin to of the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band. I needed a group. His wife.” to recording with wanted to see how y’all did. Earl lined up The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band ended up in the 1969 Vassar Clements. doing tricks all day. My favorite overseas trip with the band was to Germany. we were back in time. McEuen’s epiphany about the Old West came as teenagers at Disneyland’s magic shops. it is often the fiddle.



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