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dialogue TRACK 6
Hi, and welcome to another 12 Listening activity:
issue of Learn Hot English The disaster TRACK 7
magazine the fun magazine
13 Natural English:
for learning English. This
Breakfast TRACK 8
month, were looking at
phrasal verbs. As you may Intermediate (CEF level: B1)
know, phrasal verbs are

formed with a verb and a 14 Art prize TRACK 9
particle (a preposition or 15 Psychological tricks TRACK 10
adverb). In many cases, 16 Groucho Marx TRACK 11
knowing the meaning of the
17 Listening activity:
particles can help you understand the phrasal verbs.
Thailand TRACK 12
So, in this issue, well be helping you learn about the
general meaning of the particles, which will assist 18 Diners in the US
with your understanding of phrasal verbs. Of course, 19 Travel English: Diners TRACK 13
thats not all. Weve lots more fun things for you 20 Recipe: Philly Cheesesteak /
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TV Script: Lilyhammer
English. Well be looking at wrong number calls, 24 Phrasal verbs TRACK 14
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tricks, Groucho Marx quotes, controversial statues, Upper Intermediate (CEF level: B2)
disastrous journeys, celebrity brothers, idioms,
phrasal verbs, useful vocabulary and lots, lots more! 26 Statues TRACK 15
Well, we hope you enjoy reading and listening to this 27 Journeys TRACK 16
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English and see you all next month! 29 Vocabulary Clinic: Food adjectives
30 Listening activity:

Bar chat analysis TRACK 18
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USEFUL VOCABULARY Audio Download the MP3 audio files for this issue for FREE
files from our website:


Learn how to describe different areas of study.
Write the name of a subject under each definition (1 to 20). history film studies medicine
ancient history veterinary science business studies engineering archaeology philosophy physical education dentistry
architecture civil engineering English literature accounting sociology education maths law photography
This course involves learning about...
1 managing 2 questions of 3 how to write 4 exercise, health,
a business. existence, morality screenplays, and fitness and sport.
and reason. movie production.

business studies

5 books, writers, 6 numbers, 7 judicial and legal 8 how to diagnose,

authors and poetry. quantities, shapes, systems and processes. treat and prevent
calculus and algebra. diseases or injuries.

9 designing and 10 keeping 11 people and events 12 society and how

building engines financial accounts from the past. humans behave within
and machines. for a business. its structures.

13 taking pictures, 14 how to design 15 how to diagnose, 16 how to become

editing images, and build structures. treat and prevent a teacher or school
light and exposure. disease in animals. administrator.

17 oral health 18 peoples and 19 how to design and 20 ancient cultures

and hygiene. cultures through the build structures such as such as the Egyptians,
analysis of artifacts and roads and bridges. Romans or Greeks.
other remains.

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What courses have you studied? What did you think of them? How practical or theoretical were
they? How much did you learn about the subject area? What methods were involved in teaching you the subjects?
How effective were they? What would you like to study? Why? Are there any Mickey Mouse subjects in your country?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.


eciding what to Lost zombies. Titled Zombies in
study at university or Vanderbilt University in Popular Media, the course
college is never easy. Nashville (Tennessee) is looks at the walking dead
Some people pick courses offering a course on the in popular culture. They also
that will lead to a job, such TV series Lost, which is explore how the creatures
as accounting, medicine or about group of plane crash have influenced voodoo in
engineering; while others survivors on a remote island. Haiti, movies like Resident
go for something a bit less Students watch episodes of Evil, and video games such
focused, such as maths, the show and discuss them as Doom. A similar course at
history or English literature. afterwards. The course is the University of Baltimore
Some degree courses such titled Lessons from Lost: involves watching 16 classic
as photography or physical A Case Study Introduction to zombie films and reading
education are considered Cultural Studies. zombie comics.
less intellectual. And
others are looked down So, are these courses really
on as Mickey Mouse so weird? Well, not exactly.
subjects, such as media or In many cases, a film or TV
film studies, which often series can be used to see
include unusual modules or how literature and mass
seminars, such as these. media work, and to discuss
issues such as culture, race,
Answers on page 44 gender, human behaviour
and free speech.
1 Pre-reading
Look at the paragraph titles Which course are you going
related to unusual courses. Miley to study?
What do you think the courses Skidmore College (in
involve. Make notes. Saratoga Springs, New GLOSSARY
York) is offering a summer to pick vb
2 Reading I course for students entitled to choose
a degree n
Read or listen to the article The Sociology of Miley Cyrus: a certificate you get at university or college
when you have passed the degree course
once to compare your ideas Race, Class, Gender and you studied
from the Pre-reading activity. Homer Simpson Media. As part of the course, to look down on phr vb
if you look down on something, you think it
Which course is the most Glasgow University is students use Mileys life to is bad or inferior
ridiculous? Why? offering a Homer Simpson help understand her actions a module n
a module is one part or section of the
philosophy class. The one- and societys perception of course you study at university or college
3 Reading II day course takes extracts her. The course also looks at a seminar n
a class at university in which a teacher
Read the article again. Then, from The Simpsons and Mileys transformation from discusses a topic with a group of students
an extract n
write the name of a course relates them to philosophical Hannah Montana star to an extract from a film or TV series is a
(use the paragraph titles) next questions. The course is pop icon. small part of it
to relate vb
to each statement. called Doh! The Simpsons if you relate A to B, you find a connection
between A and B
1. Its being offered by Introduce Philosophy. a survivor n
Skidmore College. someone who is still alive after an accident,
battle, etc.
2. Its being offered by remote adj
Glasgow University. a remote island is very far away from other
towns or cities
3. It looks at voodoo gender n
a persons gender is the fact that they are
culture in Haiti. male (a man) or female (a woman)
4. Its based on a TV series a perception n
your perception of something is the way
about a group of plane you see it or understand it
crash survivors. a transformation n
a change
5. Its a summer course. a pop icon n
someone who is very popular in society
6. Its a one-day voodoo n
philosophy course. Zombies a type of religion that involves magic. It is
practised mostly in Haiti
7. It involves reading Columbia College, Chicago weird adj
comics. is offering a course on strange or unusual

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Have you ever dialled a wrong number? Who did you speak to? What did you say? Who did you want
to speak to? Why? Have you ever texted a wrong number? What happened? Has anyone ever called you who you didnt
know? What happened? What did you say? Why did they want to talk to you?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-reading By Bridget Marturano

Youre going to read about some

wrong number stories. Look at ave you ever had planner who gave me loads asked me not to hang
the words below that are related a call or text from of useful advice. Daniel up. He told me his name
to the stories. What do you think someone you was Spider and he was
happened? Make notes. didnt know? Here are six I once got a text message in Albuquerque jail. He
stories of people who have from 13-year-old girl in New gave me his mum's phone
a baby flowers a prison been called by a wrong Jersey. It said, Hey, Lucas! number and asked me to
an invitation a picnic work number or who have Sorry your invitation got lost, call her to come and bail
accidentally dialled one. heres a picture of it. Hope him out. I said OK, and then
2 Reading I you can come to my bat I called his mum and told
Read or listen to the article I received a picture of mitzvah! I texted her back her the story. She thanked
once to compare your ideas a newborn baby from and told her she had the me. Rebecca
from the Pre-reading activity. someone with its name, wrong number, but wished
Which story is the most height, and weight. I didnt her a happy bat mitzvah GLOSSARY
surprising or unusual? Why? have the heart to tell them anyway. Laura to dial vb
that they had the wrong if you dial a number, you press numbers
3 Reading II number so I just said Once, I managed to on a phone so you can call someone
not have the heart exp
Read the article again. Then, congratulations, then become part of a family if you dont have the heart to do something,
you dont want to do it, often because you
answer the questions. deleted the message. Paul group chat that was think it might hurt the other person
1. What details was the organising a picnic. They to delete vb
if you delete a message, you remove it so
man given about the On Christmas Eve one were all very excited about no one can see it
the flu n
baby? year, I got a text from a guy the dessert that Sarah an illness like a bad cold
2. What excuse was the asking if I could tell his boss would be bringing and to pick up phr vb
to choose
man going to use for not that he had the flu. I replied asked me if I could bring loads of exp
going to work? that I didnt work with him a side dish. I told them I lots of
a bat mitzvah exp
3. Who did the man want or know who he was but I wasnt part of their family a coming of age Jewish ritual for girls
to celebrate the time when they become
to buy the flowers for? did say Merry Christmas!. and would not be bringing adults
4. How old was the girl Jessica anything. Jack a side dish n
a little plate of food to accompany the
who sent a picture of an main dish
invitation. I texted my brother once, I once answered my house to hang up phr vb
to press a button (or put down the
5. What food was the man looking for advice on what phone and a guy asked to receiver) so the phone call ends
jail n
asked to bring to the flowers to pick up for our speak to someone called prison
picnic? grandmother. However, Loretta. I said he must to bail out phr vb
if you bail someone out, you pay money
6. Who did Spider want to it turned out it wasn't my have the wrong number. to the authorities so a suspect can leave
bail him out of jail? brother, but a wedding Sounding desperate, he police custody or jail before their trial

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Have you bought anything lately? What was it for? How useful was it? What are some of the most
useful products youve ever bought? What were they for? What are some of the most unusual products youve ever
bought or been given? Why were they so unusual? Which product from the article would you like to buy? Why?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.

PRODUCTS by Bridget Marturano

f youre ever looking for battery. These will tighten
something to buy as a up your facial muscles
present, you might want in the same way that
to choose one of these doing sit ups helps your
unusual products. abdominal muscles.
The best thing about this
product is that it can
watch concerts and sports double up as a Halloween
games close up even mask!
when youre in the cheap
seats. Or better still, spy on How unusual!
your friends and neighbours
without them even realising. GLOSSARY
Answers on page 44 Potty Putter a green n
the area of grass (or artificial grass) that you
Tired of having nothing play golf on
1 Pre-reading to do while youre sitting on a parakeet n
a small bird (like a parrot) that has many
Look at the pictures of the the toilet? This fun invention bright colours
products. What do you think lets you practise your golf a hassle n
if something is a hassle, it causes
they do? What are they for? skills while you're using the problems for you
motion-activated adj
Make notes. bathroom. Simply place the something that is motion-activated starts
green around your toilet to work or operate when it detects movement

2 Reading I and play away. Bowl Brite

to greet vb
to say hello to someone
Read or listen to the article Using the bathroom at night magnification n
when there is magnification, an object
once to compare your ideas is never easy. Either you appears bigger because of a special lens or
from the Pre-reading activity. have to struggle to find the a focus dial n
toilet in the dark, or you get a round object you turn in order to see

3 Reading II blinded by the bathroom

distant things more clearly
close up exp
Read the article again. Then, light. But Bowl Brite creates if you can see something close up, it
appears to be very near, even though it isnt
write the name of a product a perfect medium between to spy on phr vb
to watch or observe someone secretly
next to each statement. these two options with a to struggle vb
1. They're great if you go Perfect Polly colourful, soft light that if you struggle to do something, its hard
for you to do
to a concert or sports With Perfect Polly, you can turns on when you lift up to blind vb
event. have all the fun of owning a the toilet seat. if a light blinds you, it stops you from
seeing because its so bright
2. You can use it for parakeet without the hassle to lift up phr vb
if you lift up the toilet seat (for example),
Halloween too. of a real bird. The toy is you move it into a vertical position so it isn't
3. You can play it while motion-activated and will covering the toilet any more
a wrinkle n
youre on the toilet. greet you as soon as you wrinkles are lines that appear on your face
4. They can help you spy walk into the room. Just be when you get older
an electrical impulse n
on your neighbours. careful it doesnt give you a a short electrical signal that is sent along
a wire
5. Its designed to be heart attack when you forget to tighten up phr vb
used in the middle of where you left it. if your muscles tighten up, they become firm
a sit up n
the night. Rejuvenique a form of exercise in which you lie on your
6. It will say hello to you Zoomies Worried about wrinkles? back and use your stomach muscles to move
the top part of your body to a sitting position
when you walk into the Zoomies give you instant This mask creates abdominal muscles n
the muscles in your stomach
room. 300% magnification. Simply electrical impulses which to double up as exp
7. Itll make you look young. turn the focus dial and are generated by a 9-volt if A can double up as B, you can use A as B

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Idioms Phrasal Verbs Listening files
Articles Great content Vocabulary



When native English speakers talk naturally, they often use unusual words or sounds. These words or sounds
(such as er or erm) make conversations very difficult to follow. However, if you know about these features of
spoken English, it'll make listening to English easier for you. It'll also help you focus on the important words in the
conversation such as the nouns, verbs and adjectives. Here are 7 features of spoken English.

Er / erm Answers on page 44

Er and erm are Dialogue
sounds that are used Listening Andy: So, I hear youre going Emma: Im close to them, but,
as conversational fillers: activity away, is that right? but we can stay in touch
Er, Im not really sure. Do this listening Emma: Yeah, thats right, (1) I, by e-mail and on the
activity. Then, see Im moving to London in, phone, I can go back and
you know if you can identify in two weeks' time. visit, you know. I, I think
This is another any features of Andy: I dont know, I just prefer life is there for living. (8)
conversational filler. spoken English. to stay where I am. I Youve got... youve
However, its also used dont, I dont like the idea got to just, carpe diem,
to check that the other 1 Listening I of going away, I mean seize the day and, and go
person is following the Youre going to listen to its out and try new stuff. You
conversation: I found someone talking to Emma: (2) ...really? know, you cant spend
it at the house, you know, a friend about moving Andy: New people I dont your whole life staying in
where Bob lives. to another country. know, I like being close to the same place.
What are the pros and my family, (3) you know. Andy: (9) No, Im gonna be...
I mean cons of doing this? You can go, go home on Ill be quite happy staying
People use this Make notes. Then, Sundays, and have a nice here, you know. Work in
expression to correct listen once. Were any of lunch. You know, what are the family business, and
themselves: Its on your ideas mentioned? going to do on Sunday? you know, every day, every
the table, I mean, on You know Sunday get together with
the bed. 2 Listening Emma: (4) Er, well, go out and the family. I, Id really
II see all the sites that miss that, if I had to go
Repetition Listen again. Then, there are to see in a new away, I think, yeah.
This is when people answer these questions. city, meet new people, Emma: Really? You dont ever feel
repeat words or phrases 1. What does go to new places, it, its the need to, to, to go and
in a conversation. Emma like exciting, no? It, its fun, see the world?
People often do this about the idea of its interesting, its Andy: Well, (10) you know, Ive
when they arent sure moving away? Andy: (5) ...well, I dont got my two-week holiday
what theyre saying: 2. What does Andy know in the summer, that, thats
I I dont really know. like about staying Emma: Its good to go away, usually enough for me.
where he is? and get to know new Emma: Well, I cant imagine
Interruption places, I think. anything worse.
This is when one speaker 3Language Andy: Well, I prefer the things Andy: Oh, OK, well, each to
interrupts another: analysis I know, (6) I mean, arent his own.
A: Well, I was just opening Look through the script. you (7) gonna miss your
the door when... See if you can identify family, or something?
B: ...which door? the numbered features Arent you, arent you
filler n
of spoken English close to your family, something that is used in a space or silence
Incomplete (1 to 10). I mean...
Speakers often KNOW, I THINK...
dont finish a sentence:
This is the best
where did he go?

Abbreviated forms
Speakers often use
abbreviated forms
when speaking fast:
Were gonna leave.
[gonna = going to]

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Here are some useful adjectives for describing things or objects.

1 2 3


Long Short Cheap Expensive

4 5 6

Big Fast

Light Heavy Little (or small) Slow

7 8 9


High Low
Thin Small

Tall versus high

In many cases, both tall and high can be
used. For example, you can say a tall building
or a high building. However, theres a small
difference. If you say that something is
tall, youre referring to its actual size:
The window is two metres tall. [the window
measures two metres from its base to the top]
But if you use high, youre referring to its
Good (nice, height from the ground. For example:
great, amazing, Bad (terrible, The window is high on the wall. [The window
incredible, awful, is near the roof, not near the ground,
fantastic) horrible) for example.]

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Answers on page 44 3 Teacher talk
Complete the phrases with the words from below.
1 Personal items finish window do down out listen in to
Match the words (1 to 8) to the pictures (a-h
1. Scissors 1. Sit !
2. Pen 2. Speak English, please!
3. Paper 3. Open the , please.
4. Notebook 4. Turn page 46, please.
5. Stapler 5. to the story and answer the questions.
6. Course book / Students book 6. Read the paragraph then the exercise.
7. Highlighter / marker pen 7. You can it for homework!
8. Sellotape (Scotch tape in US English) 8. Could you hand these papers, please?

4 Class activities
Add letters to complete the expressions.
1. Sh_r_ books, please.
2. Get into p_ _rs!
3. Work in gr_ _ps!
a b c d
4. Put up your h_ _d!
5. D_sc_ _s it in pairs!
6. Copy the text into your b_ _ _s!
7. Fill in the g_ _s!
8. M_ _ _h the words to the pictures!
e f g h 5 Student questions
Match the requests (1 to 8) to the responses (a-h).
2 The classroom 1 A: Can I go to the toilet, please?
Write the words in the correct place. 2 A: Im sorry Im late.
3 A: Could we open the window, please?
Clock Wall Window Board / whiteboard Door 4 A: Could you repeat that, please?
Bin (trash can in US) Desk Chair 5 A: Could you lend me a pencil, please?
6 A: Has anyone got a piece of paper, please?
7 A: Which book is it?
8 A: Which exercise did he say?
1 7
a. OK, just go and sit down.
5 b. No, you cant. Theres only five minutes left.
c. Exercise 14, page 87.
d. Your workbook.
2 e. Yes, it is very hot.
f. I said, open your books to page 42.
g. Yes, sure, here you are.
h. Yes, Ive got some you can have.


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6 Asking about words

Choose the correct sentences or questions.
1 A: What does this mean?
B: What means this?

2 A: How say this word in English?

B: How do you say this word in English?

How pronunciation this word?

3 A: Audio script
B: How do you pronounce this word? Alex: [the door bursts open] Alex: Oh, right, fork.
Sorry, Im late. Thanks. Finished!
4 A: What are this in English? Teacher: OK, just sit down! Teacher: Already?
B: What is this in English? Right, first of all... Alex: Yes!
Alex: Festival? Teacher: OK, then, erm, lets
5 A: How translating this word? Teacher: No, first of all. First... go over the answers.
B: How do you translate this word? firstly... erm, just get Right, erm, who can
your books out. tell me the answer to
6 A: Whats the English word for this? Alex: I havent got my book. number one?
B: Whats English word for this? Teacher: Share with Petra... and Alex: Oh, me, me, me!
sit down! OK, now turn Teacher: Put your hand up!
7 A: Im sorry, I not understand that. to page 46. Alex: Me, me, me!
B: Im sorry, I didnt understand that. Alex: What page, please? Teacher: OK, Alex.
Teacher: Forty-six! Now, read Alex: Its c the answer
8 A: I dont understand this bit. the story and answer is c.
B: Not understanding this bit. the questions. [theres Teacher: Very good. Now...
silence] Thats better. Is that smoke? Can
Dialogue: track 6 Alex: I havent got a pen. anyone else smell
Teacher: Can anyone lend smoke?
1 Pre-listening Alex a pen? OK, thank Paul: Yes, its coming from
What can go wrong in a classroom? Think of as many ideas as you you, Lydia. the bin.
can. For example: someone could arrive late, someone could Alex: Excuse me, what does Teacher: The bin? The bins on
forget to bring their book... vacation mean? fire!
Teacher: Its, its, a holiday. You Paul: Fire!
2 Listening I know, when you dont Teacher: Everyone stay calm! Its
Listen to the dialogue once. Nicole is a teacher at a language go to work because just a little fire.
academy for adult learners and its Monday morning. Were any of youre on holiday. Paul: Theres a fire! RUN!
your ideas from the Pre-listening activity mentioned? Vacation is an Teacher: Just stay calm! Theres
American English word nothing to worry about.
3 Listening II for "holiday". Leave the building
Listen again. Then, answer the questions. Alex: Ah, yes. Erm, how do quickly and calmly.
1. What page do they need to turn to? you pronounce it? [the students get up]
2. What does Alex need? Teacher: Vacation. Alex: Excuse me.
3. Which word also means holiday? Alex: Vacation. Teacher: Yes, Alex.
4. Which object for eating does Alex ask about? Teacher: No, its with a v Alex: What is fire?
5. Whats the answer to question 1? sound. Vacation. Teacher: Its when... erm, when
6. Whats in the bin? Alex: Vacation! something is burning.
Teacher: Very good. Perfect. You know, like that
KNOWS THE Alex: Thanks. Erm, qu es thing in the bin.
fork? Thats a fire. [pointing
Teacher: Ask me in English. at the bin]
Alex: Oh, yes, erm, what Alex: Oh, yes, fire. [suddenly
is fork? realising] FIRE?
Teacher: Its an object we use Teacher: Yes, fire! But dont
to eat. panic. Theres nothing
Alex: What? to worry about. Just
Teacher: Its something we use leave the classroom
when we eat... erm, calmly.
you know, a knife, Alex: FIRE! HELP!
fork and spoon... for [He runs out.]
eating... when youre Teacher: Ah, peace at last! I
having breakfast, lunch think Ill read
or dinner... my book!

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it When was the last time you spilt some coffee or other food on your clothes? Where were you? What happened? How did you deal with it?
Have you ever had a problem with a car? What was it? Where were you? How did you resolve it? Have you ever had something stolen? What was it? Where were you?
What happened in the end? What can be done to keep your possessions safe at all times, and to avoid theft? What are your top tips for not getting robbed?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.
Answers on page 44 Listening activity! COFFEE-
1 Pre-listening
What can go wrong in the
following places? Make notes.
a caf a motorway a pub

2 Listening I
Dont read the
Youre going to listen to audio script until
someone who had a bit of a youve completed
disastrous time. Listen once. the exercises and
Were any of your ideas from the
Pre-listening task mentioned?

3 Listening II
Listen again. Then, put the story
events in the correct order.

Someone steals
Petes briefcase.

His car stops on the


Pete spills some
coffee down his shirt.

Pete goes to a pub

with his friends.
The disaster
Audio script
I had a bit of a disaster a few months ago. been paying attention to the fuel gauge and
Ihad two sets of meetings to go to over two Id run out of petrol. Luckily, there was a
He gets some petrol days. The first series of meetings were in garage about 150 metres away. So, I walked
from a garage. Birmingham. About half way there, I stopped there and filled up a petrol can I had in the
at a roadside caf to get some breakfast. back of the car.
Iordered a croissant and a cup of coffee.
But as I was drinking the coffee, I spilt some I eventually got to Manchester and checked
down the front of my shirt. I went to the into my hotel. The following day, I went to
bathroom to clean it off, but you could still the meetings and then had lunch. In the
He attends some see the stain. I didnt have time to stop at a afternoon, I went to two more meetings,
meetings in Manchester.
shop to get a new shirt, so I just had to go to which all went well. Later, that evening,
the meetings with the dirty one. Imet up with some friends in the centre,
and we went to a pub. I had my briefcase
The meetings went well. After lunch, beside the chair where I was sitting, without
Idrove up to Manchester for the next set paying much attention to it. Anyway, when it
He attends some of meetings. But as I was driving along the was time to go, the briefcase was missing.
meetings in Birmingham. motorway, the car suddenly stopped. I hadnt Iguess someone had stolen it.

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Where do you like

to go for breakfast? Photos and interviews by Georgie & Danielle

When people talk
informally, they often
Danielle (USA, Bryan (USA, writer) use non-standard
wildlife enthusiast) English.

For breakfast, my
favourite is to find
a hearty English
or American style I like to go to a pub
breakfast with eggs, called ODonnells in
toast and sausages my neighbourhood.
and pancakes. It does a great Eggs
Benedict and it really
hits the spot on a
morning or even a
late afternoon if you
can manage it.

My favourite place
to go for breakfast is
Georgina (England, this American diner James (New Zealand,
Olympic swimmer) down the road from travel writer)
my university. They do
the best pancakes Ive I love to go
ever tasted. to the caf on
the corner of
my street for
breakfast, erm
the mornings
are always a
kind of, er,
hectic time,
and, erm, in
the caf theres
a lot of energy
and its just a
great place to
drink coffee and
watch people.

Leslie (France, JohnMichael hearty adj
a hearty meal is big and satisfying
HR manager) (USA, a pancake n
business a flat cake made from eggs, milk and flour
owner) Eggs Benedict n
a type of open sandwich made with eggs
and bacon (see the Travel English section
for more information on this dish)
to hit the spot exp
to be perfect; to be just what you want
For me, theres or need
nothing better a diner n
a small American restaurant that usually
than having only serves breakfast and lunch
breakfast at hectic adj
home, eating a hectic time involves a lot of activity,
with people running around, etc.
my mums jam n
homemade jam a type of food made from fruit (such as
strawberries) and sugar
and drinking I love to go to breakfast at a terrace n
freshly-made diners. I love big breakfasts with an area outside a window where you can
orange juice eggs, sausage, bacon, ham, sit
home fries n
on my terrace, home fries, and pancakes and pieces of potato that are fried until theyre
looking at the syrup, and usually the best place brown and crispy (hard)
syrup n
French Alps. to get that is at a diner. a sweet liquid made from sugar

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What type of art do you like? Why? Who are some of your favourite artists? Why do you like them?
What do you think of abstract or installation art? Which pieces or artists do you like? Why? Have you ever seen a work
of art and thought, I could have done that? What prizes for art are there in your country?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.

he Turner Prize is fun. Butmany others defend
an annual award for the importance of the award.
British artists under the Aspokeswoman for the Tate
age of 50. Since its beginning once said, Its purpose has
in 1984, it has become the always been to promote
UKs most publicised art discussion of contemporary
award. Its also one of the British art.
most controversial. Here are
I CREATE. four Turner prize winners. Well, if thats the aim,
then theyve certainly
going on and off consisted achieved it!
of an empty room with the
lights going... on and off. J. M. W. TURNER
Creed claimed the work
The prize is
challenges traditional ideas named after the
of display, in particular the famous English
expectations of the viewer artist Joseph
Mallord William
within a museum context Turner (1775-1851).
i.e. they dont expect to He was primarily a
1997 see something like this! watercolour landscape painter.
The winner of the 1997 The work invites the visitor
Answers on page 44 prize was Gillian Wearing. to re-evaluate rules and
Her work of art was a video conventions, he added. GLOSSARY
1 Pre-reading called Sixty Minutes Silence. publicised adj
if something is publicised, it is discussed
Look at the pictures of the The video consisted of a in newspapers, on the radio, etc
controversial adj
works of art. What do you think group of actors who were something controversial causes people to
theyre about? What do they dressed in police uniform have strong opinions about it
to stand still exp
symbolise or represent? Make and who had to stand still if you stand still, you remain in a standing
position without moving
notes. for an hour. At first glance, it at first glance exp
looks like a photo, but slight the first time you look at something or someone
2 Reading I movements make it obvious
slight adj
a slight movement (for example) is a very
Read or listen to the article that its a moving image. small one
a race attack n
once to compare your ideas an attack against someone based on their
race or the colour of their skin
from the Pre-reading activity. 2016 dung n
The 2016 winner was Helen the substance that comes out of an animal
3 Reading II Marten. Her installation
(such as a cow or horse) when it goes to the
toilet. It is often used as a fertiliser
Read the article again. Then, consisted of three works made to challenge vb
if something challenges you, its new and
write a date (which refers to from objects found in daily life: difficult to understand
an expectation n
a work of art) next to each coins, cotton buds, shoe soles if you have an expectation about something,
statement. and eggs. Marten described you have an opinion about what it will be like
to re-evaluate vb
1. It was made with her work as a comment on if you re-evaluate a situation, you think
cotton buds, among the vast grey milkshake about it and re-consider your opinion of it
a convention n
other things. 1998 of information which we a convention is a way of acting in a society
that is considered to be correct or normal by
2. The people in the work The 1998 Turner Prize was consume in our day to day most people
of art are dressed as awarded to Chris Ofili. One lives. Alex Farquharson, the an installation n
a form of art that involves building or
police officers. of his works, No Woman No director of Tate Britain (and constructing something
3. It invites us to re- Cry is based on the murder the chair of the judges), said a cotton bud n
a thin object with a bit of cotton at the end
evaluate rules and of Stephen Lawrence, who Marten was using objects, for cleaning your ears
a shoe sole n
conventions. was killed in a race attack. forms and images in a similar the bottom part of your shoe the part that
4. It represents the The piece of art was created way to a poet using language. touches the ground when you walk
Tate Britain n
information we consume with acrylic paint, oil paint, an art museum in London. It is part of the
on a daily basis. paper collage, map pins So, is this really art? British Tate network of art galleries
a chair n
5. It was created with and... elephant dung. art critic Matthew Collings a person who is in charge of a meeting
a judge n
animal dung, among once said, The Turner Prize a judge decides who the winner is in a
other things. 2001 is always pretty ridiculous, competition
pretty modifier
6. Its about a race attack. Martin Creeds installation but as a society we accept the you can use pretty before an adjective to
7. It consists of a video. Work No. 227: the lights nonsense as a type of cultural mean quite or a bit

14 / / Improve your English with our fantastic language course book series: English Unlocked! Visit our shop at:
Objective To improve your listening andlistening
reading and reading skills.
Think about
aboutitit What do doyou
when someone
someone is dominating
is dominating the conversation?
the conversation? When was When wastime
the last the this
time this When was the
last time youWhen was the
felt nervous lastsomething?
about time you felt
were youabout something?
so nervous? How canWhy
you were you so nervous?
tell if someone Howyou
is lying? Have canever
tell if in customer
someone is lying?
services? What wasHave
it like?you
Howeverdo worked
you dealinwith
customer service?
people who dontWhat
seemwas it like?
to like you?HowHowdodoyou
you deal withyourself
motivate people who
to dodont
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-reading
Youre going to read about
some psychological tricks
that involve the things below.
What do you think the tricks
are about? How do they work?
Make notes.
Interrupting someone +
a pen

Feeling nervous +
chewing gum
Lying + an e-mail

Customer service +
a mirror
An enemy + a favour
Talking + a bag of

shopping ant to get most people will say yes. that youll do it for just five
ahead in life? Jessica minutes. A lot of the time,
2 Reading I Here are some youll end up going for much
Read or listen to the article psychological tricks that If you act really happy and longer, but even if you dont,
once to compare your ideas could help. excited to see people, the youve still had five minutes
from the Pre-reading activity. next time they meet you, of practice. Sebastian
If someone wont stop theyll probably do the same.
3 Reading II talking, accidentally drop Dogs play this trick on us all If you want your friend to
Read the article again. Then, something (a pen, for the time! Bob carry something like a bag of
complete the statements with example). Then, pick it up shopping, keep talking while
any words of your choice. and start talking yourself. Most people cant tell handing them the bag. Most
1. Chewing gum can trick Its a great way to interrupt the difference between people will automatically take
your brain into thinking someone without them excellence and confidence. it without thinking. Others
that you arent in realising it. Jack So, if you act as if you know may become confused. Rachel
. what youre doing, people
2. People wont usually If youre doing something will believe you. Samantha Have fun!
lie in an that makes you feel nervous,
because their words are chew some gum or eat If you work in customer GLOSSARY
recorded. some food. It tricks a part service, put a mirror behind to pick up phr vb
3. Nodding while asking of your brain into thinking you. Customers will be nicer if you pick something up, you take it in
your hands
a question can make you couldnt be in danger because nobody wants to gum n
a substance, usually tasting of mint, which
someone say . because youre eating. Kate see themselves acting like a you eat without swallowing (going from
4. If you act in a jerk. Harry your mouth to your stomach)
to trick vb
manner, people will If you think someone is if you trick someone, you make them
assume youre an expert. lying, ask them to send you If you want someone to like believe something that isnt true
likely exp
5. Customers wont usually an e-mail describing exactly you, ask them to do you a if something is likely to happen, it will
probably happen
act in a bad way if they what happened. People are favour. Apparently, asking to nod vb
can see themselves in a less likely to lie by e-mail people for small favours to move your head up and down as a way
of saying yes
. because their words are tricks their brain into to play a trick on someone exp
6. A good way to recorded. Pete thinking they like you. This if someone plays a trick on you, they
make you believe something (even though
motivate yourself to is known as the Benjamin it isn't true)
confidence n
do something is to say If you nod while asking Franklin effect. Vanessa if you have confidence, you feel sure
that youll just do it for someone a question, theyre about your abilities, ideas, appearance, etc.
customer service n
minutes. more likely to say yes. For If youre having trouble if you work in customer service, you talk to
7. If you hand someone a example, if you work in a motivating yourself to do customers and help them as part of your job
a jerk n informal
while youre restaurant and youre taking something like learning an idiot
Benjamin Franklin n
talking, most people will orders for drinks, if you say, a skill (an instrument, a (1706-1790) Franklin was an American
accept it. a large one? while nodding, language, etc.), tell yourself politician, inventor and scientist

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Who are some of the greatest comedians from your country? Why were they so funny? What did they do that was so funny?
Which comedians from other countries do you like? Which films have you seen them in? Why do you like them? Why are they funny? What makes someone funny?
Do you know any famous quotes by comedians? What are they? What other comedians from the 20th century do you know about? Why do you like them?

Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-reading
Whats your opinion of any of
the following things?
death prejudice partners
happiness clubs marriage GROUCHO MARX QUOTES!
money mistakes politics roucho Marx his best friend. edge of wishful thinking.
was an American One morning I shot an
2 Reading I comedian, and If you find it hard to laugh elephant in my pyjamas.
Read or listen to the article film and television star. at yourself, I would be How he got in my pyjamas
once. Were any of your ideas With his glasses, cigar happy to do it for you. Ill never know.
similar to Groucho Marxs? and a thick moustache,
Groucho (1890-1977) was I wouldnt want to belong While money cant buy
3 Reading II also famous for his witty to a club that would have happiness, it certainly lets
Read the article again. comments. Here are a few me as a member. you choose your own form
Then,complete the quotes of them. of misery.
withthe correct words. Marriage is a wonderful
Try to do it without referring Ive had a perfectly institution, but who wants GLOSSARY
back to the article. wonderful evening, but this to live in an institution? witty adj
1. Ive had a perfectly wasnt it. someone who is witty is funny in an
intelligent way
wonderful , If youve heard this story to intend vb
but this wasn't it. Those are my principles, before, dont stop me, if you intend to do something, you
plan to do it
2. If youre not having fun, and if you don't like them... because Id like to hear it a prejudice n
if someone has a prejudice against a
youre doing something well, I have others. again. certain group of people, they dislike that
. group of people
like prep
3. I am free of all If youre not having fun, He may look like an idiot similar to
prejudices. I hate you're doing something and talk like an idiot, but a failure n
when theres a failure, something is
_______ equally. wrong. dont let that fool you. He done badly and it isn't successful
to laugh at yourself exp
4. Heres to our wives and really is an idiot. if you laugh at yourself, you discover
... may they I intend to live forever, or something about you that's funny, which
makes you laugh
never meet! die trying. Learn from the mistakes an institution n
5. I wouldnt want to of others. You can never a large important organisation such as a
bank, university, etc .
belong to a I am free of all prejudices. live long enough to make to fool vb
if someone fools you, they make
that would have me as a I hate everyone equally. them all yourself. you believe something that isnt
member. true
to diagnose vb
6. is a wonderful Next time I see you, remind Politics is the art of if you diagnose a problem, you identify it
institution, but who me not to talk to you. looking for trouble, finding a remedy n
a solution for a problem
wants to live in an it everywhere, diagnosing to set aside phr vb
if you set something aside, you put it
institution? Heres to our wives and it incorrectly and applying somewhere so you can use it later
7. He may look like an girlfriends... may they never the wrong remedies. lightly adv
gently (not with violence)
idiot and talk like an meet! to fling (past: flung) vb
to throw
idiot, but don't let that This is not a book that an embryo n
you. He really Ive been looking for a girl should be set aside lightly an unborn animal or human in a very
early stage of development
is an idiot. like you not you, but a girl it should be flung with wishful thinking exp
8. One morning I shot an like you. great force. if you say that an idea is wishful
thinking, you mean that it hasnt
elephant in my pyjamas. happened or that it probably wont ever
How he got in my No one is completely My plans are still in happen
misery n
pyjamas Ill never know. unhappy at the failure of embryo, a town on the unhappiness

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it When was the last time you travelled abroad? Where did you go? What did you see? Who did you go with? What would you recommend doing
there? What are your top 10 sights to see? What food would you recommend? Where would you recommend staying? What do you know about Thailand? Have you
ever been to Thailand? What did you do there? What did you eat there? Which country would you like to visit? Why? What would you like to see there?

Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.
Listening activity!

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-listening
Imagine youre planning a
trip to Thailand, and youre
speaking to someone who
has already been there. What
questions could you ask your GO A BIT
friend about Thailand? Think
of as many as you can.

2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to
someone talking about
Thailand. Listen once. Were
any of the questions you
thought of for the Pre-listening
activity mentioned? Note!
Dont read the
audio script until
3 Listening II youve completed
Listen again. Then, write T the exercises and
(true) or F (false) next to each activities.

The trip to Thailand

1. The Grand Palace
used to be the official
residence for the Kings
of Siam.
2. The Golden Triangle is Audio script
where Burma, China Josh: So, did you have a good time in Thailand? visiting lots of different islands where we
and Thailand meet. Anna: Yeah, it was amazing. went snorkelling and did some underwater
3. Anna stayed on an Josh: Were going there in a few months. Any top photography.
island called Phuket for tips on what to see? Josh: I cant wait. So, where did you stay in
a few days. Anna: Well, if you start out in Bangkok, youve got Bangkok?
4. She rented a beach to visit The Grand Palace. Its this series of Anna: Hostels most of the time. Theyre pretty basic,
hut there for about six buildings that used to be the official residence but very cheap and you get to meet lots of
pounds a night. for the Kings of Siam the old name for other backpackers.
5. She went on a four-day Thailand. Theyre incredible. Josh: Right. And how did you get around the city? Is
trip by boat, visiting lots Josh: Sounds good. it safe to walk?
of different islands. Anna: Another thing is The Golden Triangle. Its Anna: Yes, but the easiest thing is to use Tuk-Tuks
6. She stayed in hostels where Burma, Laos and Thailand meet. It these sort of motorised rickshaws.
most of the time, which used to be an opium-growing area and you Josh: Oh, yeah, Ive heard of them. So, what
were a bit expensive. can go to this museum called the Hall of about the food? Did you try much of the local
7. She says that the Opium to find out all about it. Its really cuisine?
easiest way to get interesting. You can also go on treks or even Anna: Oh, yes. There are loads of great dishes to try.
around Bangkok is to take an elephant ride up into the hills. My favourites were Phat Thai, which is rice
use Tuk-Tuks, which Josh: Amazing! noodles which are stir-fried with egg, tofu
are sort of motorised Anna: Another thing is to go to the islands in the and shrimp its amazing. And Thai green
rickshaws. south. We stayed on one called Phuket for a curry, which is quite spicy and made with
8. One of her favourite few days. It was really cheap as you could rent coconut milk.
dishes was Thai green a beach hut for about two pounds a night! Josh: Sounds great. Any excursions that youd
curry, which is made Josh: Wow! recommend?
with goats milk. Anna: We also went on this four-day trip by boat, Anna: Oh, yes, you should definitely [fades out]


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Objective To improve your reading skills.
Think about it Which restaurants or bars do you go to for breakfast? What do you have there? What do people have for breakfast in your country? What type of
fried or cooked food do people eat? What are the most popular drinks for breakfast? Where can you get breakfast in your country? What else can you eat there? Does
the concept of an all-day breakfast exist in your country? What does it consist of? Are there any diners (or something similar) in your country? What do they serve?

Exams This reading activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.
Answers on page 44 LUNCH?

1 Pre-reading
Match the food (1 to 8) to the
pictures (a-h).
1. Peppers (bell peppers)
2. Spinach
3. Mushrooms
4. Tomatoes
5. Cheese
6. Cabbage
7. Lettuce


8. Black beans

a b A DINER, OF COURSE! by Angie Rodriguez

iners are small Veggie Quesadilla, which tortilla. The Magnolia Cafe
restaurants that has goats cheese, apples, is famous for its humour.
c d serve breakfast mushrooms, yogurt and For example, their front sign
and typical American food peppers. Aside from being a reads Sorry, were open. It
such as hamburgers and diner, the Little Goat Diner has even been featured on
sandwiches. A lot of the is also a bakery, offering the popular television show
e f food is grilled, and there cakes and cookies. Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives
are typically high chairs with food enthusiast Guy
all along the counter. You 3 Mickeys Dining Car Fieri. And if Guy approves,
g h can find diners all over Mickeys Dining Car first then it has to be worth
the States, and theyre opened in the 1930s. It visiting.
2 Reading I an important part of serves all-day breakfast,
Youre going to read about American culture. They and its open 24 hours Feeling hungry?
diners restaurants in America also often appear in a day, 365 days of the
where you can get breakfast movies or TV series. Here year. Mickeys menu
food all day. What type of food are four diners to visit next includes classics such as
to grill vb
do you think they serve? Make time youre in the States. malt shakes, homemade if you grill food, you cook it on a cooking
notes. Then, read or listen to pancakes and their house device with a large flat area that is very hot. You
can cook eggs, meat, etc. on the hot, flat area
the article once to compare 1 Harrys Coffee Shop potatoes with red and green a counter n
the long table in a bar, etc. where you order
your ideas. Harrys Coffee Shop in La bell peppers known as food. The owner, etc. stands behind it
Jolla, California opened in Potatoes OBrien. Located scrambled eggs n
3 Reading II 1960. It serves breakfast in St Paul (Minnesota), the
a dish that consists of eggs that you
break, mix together and cook
Read the article again. Then, and lunch, and then closes diner has featured in several corned beef n
a type of meat that is cured with salt
write one of the following words around 3 in the afternoon. Hollywood films, including rye bread n
bread made with rye a type of cereal
(in reference to the diners) next For breakfast, try their La Jolla the 2006 movie A Prairie grown in cold countries
to each statement: Harry, Scramble, which consists of Home Companion. The maple syrup n
a sweet, brown liquid made from the
Goat, Mickey, Magnolia. scrambled eggs with spinach, only seating area available sap of maple trees. Sap is a liquid that
1. Its located in Chicago mushrooms, tomatoes and is at the counter, but its comes out of trees or plants
a bakery n
and its also a bakery. cheese. Or, a classic Reuben definitely worth a visit. a shop or small factory where they make
bread, cakes, etc.
2. The only seating area Sandwich made of corned a cookie n
available is at the counter. beef, Swiss cheese and 4 The Magnolia Cafe a type of round biscuit, often with small
pieces of chocolate in it
3. It has some Tex-Mex finely cut cabbage on slices The Magnolia Cafe is a classic n
items on its menu. of rye bread. located in Austin, Texas. a classic is something that has all the
things you expect that thing to have
4. Their scrambled eggs Its another 24-hour diner a malt shake n
a drink made from malted milk, which is a
are made with spinach, 2 Little Goat Diner with breakfast available mixture of milk and cereal
mushrooms, tomatoes Located in Chicago, the anytime. Its original name Huevos Rancheros n
a Mexican breakfast dish consisting
and cheese. Little Goat Diner opened was The Omelettry West, of eggs in a tortilla (see below) with a
5. Their waffles are named in 2012. Their breakfast and it opened in 1979. In tomato-chilli sauce
ground beef n
after a famous singer. selection includes Fat Elvis addition to the burgers beef (meat from a cow) that is cut into
very small pieces. Minced beef in
6. Its original name was Waffles, which are made and sandwiches, the menu British English
The Omelettry West. with bananas, peanut has Tex-Mex inspired sour cream n
a type of cream with a sour (not sweet)
7. It opened in 1960. It butter and maple syrup items such as Huevos flavour which makes it a bit acidic
closes around 3 in the just the way singer Elvis Rancheros and their Sonora a tortilla n
Mexican food that consists of a thin flat
afternoon. Presley used to like them. Taco, which has ground type of bread made from corn and eggs
to feature vb
8. Its appeared in several Many menu items include beef, black beans, cheese, if something features in a film or TV
movies goat products, such as the lettuce, and sour cream in a show, it appears in the show, film, etc.

18 / / Improve your spoken English with our fantastic Skype/Telephone classes. E-mail:
Travel Learn ove
40 topic arr 500 useful words an
Eng lish Over 400 eas covering a wide d expressions for
More thanimages to help you range of typical situtravelling abroad.
30 dialogu le at
For more es so you arn the words and ex ions.
can hear th p
info, visit:
www.lea e language ressions.
in action.

By Bridget Marturano Dialogue: At the diner

A British tourist is at an

THE AMERICAN DINER American diner. The waitress

has just arrived to take his
order. [Listen and complete the
Learn over 15 useful words and expressions to use at dialogue with the missing words.]
an American diner. W: Waitress C: Customer

A diner is a type of small restaurant in the US that serves W: Hi! Welcome to Fridays Diner!
breakfast and lunch, and that is often open 24-hours a day. What would you like to (1)
C: Ill have a Coke, please.
W: One coke. Would you like to (2)
_______about our specials today?
C: Sure. Oh, and can I get a glass
of water too?
W: No problem. Today were (3)
a homemade meatloaf
1 2 3 4 with gravy and mashed potatoes,
with a side of green beans.
C: Mmm, I think Ill just take a (4)
at the regular menu.
W: All right, Ill be right back with
your drink! [She leaves and
comes back a few minutes later
with the drinks.] So, whatll it be?
C: Ill (5) the double
bacon cheeseburger no onions
5 6 7 8 or tomatoes and a side of fries.
W: OK, anything else?
C: A chocolate milkshake, please.
W: Oh Im sorry, were (6) of
chocolate. We have vanilla though.
C: OK, Ill have that then.
W: So, one double bacon
cheeseburger with no onions
or tomatoes, a side of fries and
9 10 11 12 a vanilla (7) .
C: Yep, thats it.
1 Pancake a flat cake made a drink made by mixing 9 Onion rings slices of W: All right then, thatll be ready
from a mixture of eggs, milk with fruit or ice cream. onion dipped in batter or real (8) . Thank you!
milk and flour. 6 Scrambled eggs eggs breadcrumbs and fried.
2 Waffles a sort of thick that are beaten and 10 Fries (French fries) thin
pancake with little squares cooked in a frying pan. pieces of fried potato. sap n
on it. 7 Hash brown a little potato 11 Mashed potato potato a natural liquid that comes out of trees
to dip vb
3 Syrup a sweet liquid cake that is fried in a pan. that is cooked then crushed if you dip A into B, you put A into B for
made from sugar. 8 Omelette eggs beaten so it forms a soft mass. a short period of time
batter n
4 Maple syrup a sweet and cooked in a frying 12 Meatloaf meat in the a mixture of flour, eggs and milk that is
used for frying fish, etc.
liquid made from the sap pan, but with some other shape of a loaf corned beef n
of maple trees. ingredients inside, such of bread. beef (meat from a cow) that is cooked
and preserved in salt water
5 Shake (or milkshake) as cheese. Russian dressing n
invented in the 1910s, this sauce has
Dishes / sandwiches mayonnaise, ketchup and spices
rye bread n
bread that has been made with rye, which
Philly cheesesteak slices Reuben sandwich of an English muffin with is a type of cereal grown in cold countries
of steak and onions served corned beef, Swiss cheese, bacon, poached eggs and a muffin n
a flat, sweet circle of bread
in a baguette (see the sauerkraut and Russian hollandaise sauce. a poached egg n
Recipe page for more dressing served between Hamburger meat an egg that is cooked in boiling water
hollandaise sauce n
details on this). slices of rye bread. served in a round bun a sauce made with egg yolk (the yellow
part) and vinegar
Huevos rancheros fried BLT (Bacon, Lettuce, Tomato) and often topped with a bun n
eggs served on a tortilla a cold sandwich with lettuce, onions, tomatoes, a small, round piece of bread
a side n
topped with a tomato- bacon, lettuce and tomato. etc. A cheeseburger has a little plate of food (such as French fries)
chilli sauce. Eggs Benedict two halves cheese in it. that goes with the main dish

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RECIPE TV SCRIPT Real language in action


A Philly cheesesteak (also known as a Philadelphia Lilyhammer is a TV series
cheesesteak) is a popular sandwich from the US. about New York gangster Frank
It was invented in the city of Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Tagliano (played by actor and
in the 1930s. And its delicious! musician Steven van Zandt).
After testifying in a trial in the
United States, Frank moves to
Lillehammer, Norway. Going by
the name of Johnny Henriksen,
Frank soon learns Norwegian and
settles into his new life. The show
is in a mixture of Norwegian and
English, with Frank speaking
English most of the time, but understanding Norwegian.
In this scene, Frank is in a car with his Norwegian business
partner, the slow-witted Torgeir. Hes explaining why some
3 4 bad guys are looking for him.
Ingredients 2 HOW TO SKI?
1 Two large steaks
2 Some olive oil
3 Salt & pepper 6
4 1 onion, chopped
5 10 mushrooms, chopped
6 2 tomatoes, sliced 7
7 Baguette or long roll
8 Cheese, grated
9 Mayonnaise
8 9
1. Rub some olive oil onto both sides of the steaks, and
sprinkle some sea salt on too (put the pepper on after
the steaks have cooked as it can burn). Remember to
take the steaks out of the fridge about half an hour
before cooking or until they reach room temperature.
Chop up the mushrooms and onion.
2. Add some olive oil to a large frying pan and heat it up.
When its nice and hot, add the onions to one side of
the pan, the steaks in the middle, and the mushrooms
on the other side.
3. When the steaks are done to your liking, take them out The script F=Frank T=Torgeir VIDEO
and let them rest for a F: You deserve the truth. You Watch the clip from the
few minutes. Add pepper VIDEO know about my past life in film. Search YouTube for
if you want. Next, cut up New York City? Lilyhammer scene.
Watch a video on how to
the steaks into thin slices. make this simple dish. Search T: [speaking in Norwegian] Yes,
Keep the onion and YouTube for DJ BBQs Philly when you started up in the GLOSSARY
mushrooms in the frying Cheese Steak!. restaurant business. a trial n
pan until theyre just the F: Well, thats not the whole a legal process to discover the truth about
a crime
way you like them. story. I also belong to an
to settle into phr vb
4. Slice the baguette along organisation thats, er, a if you settle into a place, you start to live
there and feel comfortable there
the middle and open it up. to chop vb little tough to get out of. slow-witted adj
to cut into small pieces someone who is slow-witted has difficulty
Carefully place some pieces to slice vb Maybe youve heard of it... understanding things
of steak in the baguette, to cut into thin pieces
to grate vb
the CIA. to deserve vb
if you say that someone deserves
and add in some onion and to cut into very small pieces using a T: Oh! something, you think they should have that
grater (a metal object with little sharp
mushrooms, with grated holes in it) F: Yeah, well, bad guys from thing because theyve been good, etc.
tough adj
cheese on top. You could to sprinkle vb the past have, er, caught up difficult
if you sprinkle food (such as cheese) on the CIA abbr
also add in some slices top of a dish, you put a bit of it on top of to me and theyre looking the Central Intelligence Agency, a
of tomato, although they the dish
room temperature exp
for me. government spy organisation in the USA
to catch up phr vb
arent officially part of a the temperature of the place where you are T: I knew it. I... of course! if someone catches up with you, they
traditional Philly cheeseteak. tothe kitchen, in this case
heat up phr vb F: Now weve gotten that off find you
(get something) off your chest exp
Squeeze some mayonnaise to make hot our chest, lets go get the if you get a problem off your chest, you
to squeeze vb talk about it openly
inside the sandwich. if you squeeze something, you press it kid, yeah? a kid n
4. Serve and eat! and apply pressure to it T: You got it, agent Henriksen. a child in this case, Franks child

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Native English speakers use phrasal verbs* all the time. A phrasal verb is formed with a verb and a particle
(a preposition or adverb). Sometimes, the verb can help you understand the meaning of the phrasal verb. Other times,
the particle can help. So, if you understand the basic meanings of particles, this can really help with your understanding
of phrasal verbs. Here are 19 particles with their basic meanings. [Read over the information. Then, do our little exercise.]


Around can have the

Across expresses the idea idea of moving in a circle: Away expresses the idea Back has the idea
of going from one side to We drove around the city of leaving a place or of of returning to a place:
the other: They ran across instead of going through moving far from it: We ran We drove back home late
the bridge. the centre. away as fast as we could. last night.


Forward has the idea

By has the meaning of Down expresses the of moving ahead in the From implies moving away
moving near a person or idea of moving to a lower direction in front of you or of from something to another
thing, often passing very close position: She went down bringing something closer to place: We drove from Paris
to it: They pushed by him. the mountain. you: Push the car forward. to Bonn in three hours.

9 IN (INTO) 10 OFF 11 ON (ONTO) 12 OUT (OUT OF)

Out or out of
expresses the idea of leaving
Off expresses the idea of On or onto expresses something, or of going
In or into has the idea leaving a surface or place: the idea of going onto a from an interior position
of entering a place or thing: We took the chair off the surface: They put the books to an exterior one: The cat
She walked into the room. table. on the table. jumped out of the box.

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Answers on page 44
Now that you know about the general meaning of
the particles, see if you can guess the meaning of the
following phrasal verbs. Theyre more complex because
they have figurative meanings. So, you need to apply your
knowledge of particles in order to understand them. If
youre having difficulty, refer back to the basic meaning
Past has the idea of of the particle.
Over has the idea of moving next to something,
moving across a surface, or but not touching it: We 1. I think we got the meaning of our message across
of covering something: She walked past the museum to them.
put the jacket over him. without even noticing it. Get across (the meaning) = to explain something successfully
2. We shopped around a bit before buying the car.
Shop around =
15 THROUGH 16 TO 3. After three months with a serious illness, she finally
passed away.
Pass away =
4. Are you going to take back what you just said?
Or do you stand by your accusation?
Take back (something you said) =
5. As a student, I managed to get by on just 5 pounds a day.
Get by =
6. Im feeling a bit down after the terrible results from
Through expresses the To implies movement my exam.
idea of going from one side of towards something, or of Feel down =
something to the other: She getting closer to it: Im 7. Were really looking forward to the party next week.
went through the tunnel. flying to Moscow tomorrow. Its going to be great!
Look forward to =
8. Id keep away from Miss Hargreaves if I were you.
17 TOWARDS 18 UP She's really angry today.
Keep away from someone =
9. Im feeling really tired so I think Im going to stay in
this evening.
Stay in =
10. They drove off without even saying goodbye.
They can be so rude sometimes!
Drive off =
11. Id hang onto that old record if I were you. It might
be worth something one day.
Towards means Up implies an increase Hang onto =
moving in the direction of or a movement to a higher 12. Paul and Jack fell out after 10 years of friendship.
something or someone: position: Prices have been
They ran towards us. moving up slowly. Now, they wont even talk to each other.
Fall out =
13. She fell ill after travelling to the jungle, but got over it
in record time.
19 UP TO *Phrasal verbs Get over (an illness) =
Phrasal verbs are formed by 14. Would she go as far as calling the police? I wouldnt
a verb and a particle (often put it past her.
a preposition or adverb): Wouldnt put something past someone =
a) We got up at 6am. 15. Could you run through the main points from the
b) I woke up before him. meeting again, please?
Run through =
The meaning of some
16. Ben often turns to Amelia when he needs help or if
phrasal verbs is clear from
the verb: hes got a problem.
Up to expresses the idea a) I paid off all my debts. Turn to someone =
of getting close to someone b) They went away for the 17. I like both the offices, but Im leaning towards the
or something: Two men weekend. second option.
walked up to me. Lean towards =
But other times, it isnt so 18. His story just doesnt add up it just didnt make
obvious: any sense.
a) She made up the story. Add up =
[make up = invent] 19. I really look up to her. Shes got so much experience
b) They put off the meeting. and shes extremely successful.
[put off = delay] Look up to someone =

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What statues are there in your town or city? Who are they of? Why were these people famous?
What do people think of the statues? Are there any controversial statues in your country? Why are they controversial?
What do you think should be done about them? Why? What are some of your favourite statues? Why do you like them?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.


very city has its preference for area bombing However, for a few, theres
statues. Some are of (rather than precision a third solution. Professor
historical figures who targeting) led to the deaths Madge Dresser, from the
are considered national of thousands of civilians University of the West of
heroes. But others have and the devastation of England, proposes adding
become controversial. Here several cities in Germany. In information to the plaques
are three examples of this. one raid against the city of on statues to give people
Dresden on 13th February a better understanding of
1945, over 25,000 civilians who these people were. So,
were killed. In 1992, a statue for example, the Edward
of Bomber Harris was Colston statue could make it
unveiled in London, which clear that he was involved in
led to numerous protests. the slave trade.

What do you think?

Answers on page 44 Edward Colston controversial adj
something controversial causes people
Edward Colston (1636- to argue about it or have very strong
1 Pre-reading 1721) was an English opinions about it
a trader n
Why do you think some trader, merchant and a person who buys and sells goods
a merchant n
statues are controversial? Member of Parliament a person who imports or exports goods
What could the people from Bristol. He donated an almshouse n
a large house or building for poor or
represented by the statues a lot of money to the city, Jefferson Davis elderly people who cant pay for their own
have done to divide opinions? which was used to pay for Jefferson Davis (1808- accommodation
a slave n
Make notes. schools and almshouses. 1889) was the President a person who is the property of another
person and who must work for free
However, Colston was of the Confederate States wealth n
2 Reading I also a member of the of America during the money and property
to remove vb
Read or listen to the article Royal African Company, American Civil War (1861- if you remove something, you take it
once. Were any of your ideas which was involved in the 1865). After the war away so it isnt there any more
Bomber Command n
from the Pre-reading activity transportation of slaves (which the Confederates a military organisation in the UK that
controlled bombers (planes that drop bombs)
mentioned? from Africa to the Americas; lost), he contributed to area bombing n
and much of his wealth the reconciliation of the a technique that involves dropping a lot of
3 Reading II came from the slave trade. South with the North. For
bombs on a particular area (such as a city)
precision targeting n
Read the article again. Then, As a result, theres now a some, he is a symbol of a technique that involves dropping a bomb
on an exact point, often a military target
answer the questions. debate over whether a statue southern pride. However, for such as an arms factory
to unveil vb
1. Why do you think of him in Bristol should be others, hes an oppressor if you unveil a statue, you take off a cover
a statue of Edward removed. who fought to maintain so that people can see it for the first time
reconciliation n
Colston was erected in slavery. Besides that, he if theres reconciliation, countries that
Bristol? operated a large cotton were once enemies become friends again
the South n
2. Why is the origin of his plantation in Mississippi an area in southern USA which comprised
the states fighting for the Confederacy.
wealth so controversial? and owned more than 100 These states included Texas, Kentucky,
3. Why were Bomber slaves. In May 2015, the Georgia, etc.
southern pride n
Harris wartime tactics student government at the if someone feels pride, they feel good
so controversial? University of Texas at Austin about themselves or something else.
Southern pride is the positive feeling
4. What positive things voted to remove a statue some people from the southern states
(Texas, Florida, Tennessee, etc.) have
are mentioned about of Jefferson Davis from the an oppressor n
Jefferson Davis? university campus. a person who treats another group of
people badly or cruelly
5. What do some people Arthur Harris a plantation n
have against Jefferson Sir Arthur Travers Harris So, what should be done a large piece of land where crops such as
sugar or cotton are grown
Davis? (1892-1984), commonly about controversial a campus n
an area of land where the main buildings
6. What alternative to known as "Bomber" Harris, statues? Some argue for of a university or college are located
removing statues was the head of Bomber their removal. Others, a plaque n
a flat piece of metal or stone which is
has Professor Madge Command during the say that theyre important fixed to a wall or other structure to remind
Dresser suggested? Second World War. His historical monuments. people of an important person or event

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Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it When was the last time you went on a trip? Where did you go? How did you plan for it? What did you take with files
you? Which emergencies did you plan for? What went wrong during the trip? How well prepared were you for it? What werent you Download the MP3 audio files for
prepared for? How will you prepare for it in the future? this issue for FREE from our website:
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.

ave you ever had an in France what I was doing, local Indians. Others that
idea for a journey or Boyle said in an interview hed died of natural causes.
trip? Where did you with the BBC. People There were even rumours
plan to go? What did you seemed to think Iwas a that he became a cannibal
hope to achieve? How did it refugee looking for work. The chief. However, to this day,
go? Surely, it cant have gone idea was to ask people if I no one knows exactly what
as badly as these three. could help them in exchange happened.
for food and a place to stay.
Answers on page 44 1 The Caribbean But they thought I was What a disaster!
In 2014, Reza Baluchi tried begging. Mr Boyle intended
1 Pre-reading to cross the Caribbean in to walk between 15 and
What can go wrong on a long a Hydro Pod a type of 45 miles a day, eventually GLOSSARY
journey somewhere? Make a giant hamster wheel. As getting to Porbandar on a hamster wheel n
a little wheel that hamsters run in
list. For example: you could reported by CBS News, his Indias west coast. a goal n
run out of money plan was to run inside the an objective something you want to
achieve or do
pod for five months after 3 El Dorado to pick up phr vb
2 Reading I leaving Pompano Beach in In 1925, Lieutenant if the coast guard pick someone up, they
rescue them from the sea
Read or listen to the article Florida. The route would Colonel Percival Harrison the coast guard n
a military organisation in the US that
once. Were any of your ideas have taken him past Puerto Fawcett disappeared in the enforces the law at sea, saves lives in the
from the Pre-reading activity Rico, Haiti, and Cuba and jungles of Brazil during an sea, protects ships, etc.
disorientated adj
mentioned? Which journey was then eventually back home. expedition to find Z his if someone is disorientated, they dont
the most disastrous? Why? The goal was to raise money name for the lost city of know where they are or where theyre
going. Also, disoriented
for needy children. However, El Dorado. Fawcett (1867- to aim vb
3 Reading II with only protein bars and 1925) was a British artillery if you aim to do something, you plan
to do it
Read the article again. Then, bottled water, Baluchi was officer, archaeologist and to turn back phr vb
if you turn back, you start returning to
answer the questions. picked up by the coast guard South American explorer. the place where you started
1. What was the charitable two days into the journey. With funding from a group a refugee n
a person who has left their country
aim of Rezas journey? They later reported that he of financiers, Fawcett because theres a war, no food, etc.
in exchange for exp
2. What supplies had he seemed disorientated. travelled to Brazil with his if you do A in exchange for B, you do A
taken with him? elder son Jack, and Jacks (help someone, in this case) and they give
you B (food, in this case)
3. How did Mark plan 2 India friend Rimell. Fawcett had to beg vb
to overcome his lack of In 2008, Mark Boyle aimed studied ancient legends and if someone begs for food, they ask for it
because they really need it
money? to walk to India... without historical records and was a financier n
someone who finances a project or
4. Why did he have to any money! However, the convinced a lost city existed business in exchange for some of the profit
turn back? vegan who couldnt speak somewhere in the Mato a legend n
an old and popular story. No one knows
5. What was Lieutenant French only got as far as Grosso region of Brazil. On whether its true or not
Fawcett hoping to find? Calais (about 80 km away) 20th April 1925, Fawcett left to assume vb
if you assume something is true, you
6. What were some of before deciding to turn back. the city of Cuiab, but was think its true
a cannibal n
the suggestions as to The problem was that I just never seen again. Some a person who eats other people
his fate? couldnt explain to people assumed hed been killed by

For company classes or private tuition, contact: / / 27
Objective To improve your listening skills.
Think about it What sort of problems do you face on a day-to-day basis? What makes you angry?
What gets you annoyed? Have you run out of something lately? What was it? Have you been disappointed in any way
lately? Why? Has anyone let you down in any way lately? Who? How?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL
Answers on page 44 DESERVE THIS?

1 Pre-reading
Look at words below. In what
way could they ruin your day?


ore than 3 billion Had a delicious of tuna was too salty. The
people live on shake with prunes avocado crme frache was
less than $2.50 and chia seeds, covered in coconut milk. And
a day. About 1.3 billion live but I never knew the fillet of Australian Kobe
in extreme poverty. And the combination beef was overcooked. Oh,
over 850 million people was such a potent and the organic blackcurrant
worldwide dont eat enough laxative. I literally souffl was bland. What
food to live a healthy life. had to run to the promised to be a delightful
2 Reading I However, in many developed toilet! meal was RUINED! I wont
Read or listen to the article countries, even the most be going back!
once to compare your ideas trivial incident can soon The satsuma I
from the Pre-reading activity. become a tragedy. Known as had for breakfast
First-World Problems, had way too many Come on guys, get some
3 Reading II its clear that some people pips in it. Thats perspective!
Read the article again. Then, are out of touch with the the last time I buy
try to complete the sentences real world. Here are a few fruit from my local GLOSSARY
with the correct verbs without first-world problems from greengrocer. poverty n
referring back to the article. social media. a situation in which people are very poor,
without food, shelter, electricity, etc.
1. My wallet wont The takeaway a trivial incident n
something that happens that isnt
because No milk for my Chinese we ordered important or serious
theres too much cereal this morning. took 40 minutes to a personal trainer n
an exercise specialist who assists a client
money in it. What a way to start arrive. Is that what to become fit and healthy
2. My earphones got the day! they call a speedy to work out phr vb
to do exercise, often at the gym
up in my bag service? agony adj
if you feel agony, you feel a lot of pain
again! My wallet wont a shake n
3. My personal trainer close because I left a half-eaten a drink made of milk and fruit (and
sometimes ice cream). It's all mixed
the week off theres too much packet of Brie out together until it's smooth
so I had to work out money in it. So last night and now chia seeds n
seeds from a plant that belongs to the
alone. annoying! its really hard. mint family
a laxative n
4. Thats the last time I Why do bad things a substance that makes you go to the
fruit from my My earphones got happen to good toilet
a pip n
local greengrocer. tangled up in my people? a small hard seed in fruit such as apples,
5. The takeaway Chinese bag AGAIN! Life is oranges, etc.
a takeaway n
we took 40 so unfair! I bought some a meal that you buy in a restaurant then
take home with you
minutes to arrive. Forest Fresh air carpaccio n Italian
6. I a half-eaten My personal trainer freshener. I had very a dish of raw meat or fish that is cut very
thin and often served as a starter
packet of Brie out last took the week off so high hopes for crme frache n
night and now its I had to work out it, but the aroma a thick cream that is slightly sour (not
really hard. alone. Some people! was extremely a fillet n
a piece of meat or fish with no bone on it
7. I ________ very high disappointing. overcooked adj
hopes for it, but the I got some new Gucci if something is overcooked, it has been
cooked for too long
aroma was extremely shoes, but theyre Went out to Maxs a souffl n
disappointing. absolute agony. Is Michelin-starred a light food made from a mixture of egg
whites and other ingredients that is baked
8. What promised to be there anything more restaurant last night in the oven
bland adj
a delightful meal was painful than new very disappointing! food thats bland doesnt taste of
. shoes? Our carpaccio anything

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FOOD ADJECTIVES Learn some useful words for describing food.

1 Sweet 2 Bitter 3 Spicy

Spicy food has spices in it

Sweet food has got A strong flavour that is the opposite like cumin, curry powder, chilli
a lot of sugar in it. of sweet. powder, pepper, etc.
This cake is just too I cant drink this black tea without sugar The meat was served with a spicy
sweet for my liking. in it its too bitter. tomato and coriander sauce.

4 Hot 5 Salty 6 Greasy

Hot food is very spicy and makes

your mouth burn when you eat it. Greasy food has a lot of oil in it.
This curry is really hot. I ate just a little Salty food has got a lot of salt in it. The pizza is really greasy. Look at all the
bit and had to drink a pint of water. The soup was nice, but it was really salty. oil thats come off it.

7 Full / stuffed 8 Starving (informal) 9 Ripe

If youre full, youve eaten enough

food, and you cant eat any more. If youre starving, youre If fruit is ripe, its ready to eat.
Im full after that four-course dinner. I very hungry. I dont think this avocado is ripe.
couldnt eat another thing. Whats for lunch? Im starving! Its still really hard.

10 Crispy 11 Lean 12 Succulent

Succulent food is soft and

Crispy vegetables are nice A lean piece of meat pleasant to the tongue.
and hard. has no fat on it. The lunch consisted of a succulent baked
The stir-fry had chicken, noodles We bought a lean cut of salmon with sauted potatoes and baby
and lots of crispy vegetables. meat from the butchers. carrots.

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What do you like or dislike about flying? When was the last time you flew somewhere? Where did you go? How was the trip? What did you
do on the flight? Have you got a pet or have you ever had one? What is (was) it? What is (was) it called? How long have you had it (or did you have it)? Did you
ever buy it any clothes or toys? What were they? What do you think about pets wearing clothes or accessories?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.
THOUGHT! Listening activity

Dont read the
audio script until
youve completed
the exercises and
Answers on page 44
Topics: Flying & Pet clothes

1 Pre-listening
Youre going to listen to
two conversations with
people chatting about the
following topics: Flying and
Bar chat analysis!
Flying Pet clothes
Pet clothes. Whats your Louise: Hey Jessica, Ive got my ticket to go to Sarah: Look out of the window!
opinion on these two topics? England. did you see that?
Make a note of three things Jessica: Oh, brilliant! Rachel: What?
for each topic. Louise: Yeah, do you know it was-it was only Sarah: That old lady walking
twenty-five pounds. her dog.
2 Listening I Jessica: Well thats really, really good. Rachel: Oh, the one with the
Listen to the conversations Louise: Its ridiculously cheap, isnt it? Christmas sweater on?
once. Were any of the things Jessica: Oh, I cant believe that. Sarah: Erm, yeah!
you thought of for the Pre- Louise: Do you know, Im, Ive bought this ticket to Rachel: That dog has a Christmas
listening activity mentioned? go to England, but I dont really like flying. sweater on.
Do you like flying? Sarah: And its ugly.
3 Listening II Jessica: Oh, I love it! I think its brilliant. Rachel: Why do people dress their animals up?
Listen again. Then, answer the Louise: Really? Sarah: I dont know. I mean, I know people get
questions. Jessica: Yes, I just love looking out of the window and into the holiday spirit, but really, your dog?
Flying seeing myself in the clouds. I cant get over that. Rachel: Yeah, and they already have fur. Its not like
1. How much did one of Louise: But dont you feel scared? theyre cold.
the speakers pay for her Jessica: No, not at all. Sarah: Exactly. What is that gonna do?
ticket to England? Louise: Why not? Rachel: I dont know.
2. What does one of the Jessica: Well, you can get hurt, or killed doing Sarah: Do you know anyone that does that?
speakers like about anything, its like, flying is just as much a Rachel: Well Ive thought, you know, grandmas
flying? danger as anything else, and its more fun. they knit sweaters, but I always thought
3. What does the other Louise: I suppose youre right, I mean they do they knitted them for their kids. I didnt
speaker dislike about say flying is the most, they do say flying know all this time they were knitting them
flying? is the safest mode of transport. But even for their pets.
Pet clothes so, do you know, I have a problem with Sarah: Well, I guess maybe if they dont have kids
4. What is the dog wearing? claustrophobia. they knit them for their pets?
5. Why does one of the I really dont like being shut in a plane, and Rachel: I dont know, but woah! Theres a Santa
speakers say the clothing the minute they close the door, I can feel my hat on it!
cant be for the cold? heart pounding, thinking I wanna get out Sarah: What!
6. What item of clothing of here! and I have to stay there, and Rachel: Okay, the sweater is one thing, but the hat
does one of the Jessica: Mmm. and accessories quite another. Wow. Alright.
speakers think is just Louise: You know, bite my tongue and, and live with I guess everyone has a way to celebrate.
too much? it really. Sarah: Yeah. Hey, whatever!


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Here are some useful idioms for talking about education.

1 Brainstorm (something) 2 Drop out 3 Hit the books

If a group of people brainstorm, If you drop out, you stop going If you say youre going to hit the
they have a meeting and think of to school or college. A dropout books, you mean that youre going
ideas for something. refers to the person. to study a lot.
We got into groups to brainstorm ideas for She dropped out of university because After the long summer holiday, it was
the end-of-term trip. she was offered a part in a film. finally time to hit the books.

4 Learn some- 5 Pass with flying colours 6 Skive off (also, to play hooky,
thing by heart / play truant, skip class) informal
learn something
off by heart

If you pass an exam with flying

To learn something so you can repeat colours, you pass it easily and with If you skive off, you dont go to
it without thinking or looking. a high score. a school.
We used to learn a lot of poems by heart in She passed the entrance exam with flying He skived off because there was a history
our English class. colours. exam and he hadnt studied for it.

7 Show of hands 8 Copycat 9 Put your thinking cap on /

get your thinking cap on

If the teacher asks for a show of

hands, he/she asks everyone to put Someone who copies another To start thinking seriously about
up their hands in order to vote on persons work, or the way they dress, something in order to find a solution
something, etc. live, etc. to it.
The teacher asked for a show of hands to Hes a copycat he sat next to me in the We need to decide what were going to do,
see how many people had been to the city. test and copied everything I wrote! so get your thinking caps on.

10 Single file

Idioms booklets
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improve your English and speak like a
native English speaker! Booklets come
with images and audio files.

If students are in single file, theyre

in a line with one person standing Get your Idioms Now
behind another. booklets from... available
The pupils had to line up in single file
before going into the hall.

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Put on your dancing shoes!

by Bridget Marturano

D ancing is great: its a fun form of

exercise, its sociable and it makes you
feel good. Next time you put on your dancing
who says things
like, Hold your
partner by the
shoes, why not try one of these four dances? hand. Circle
left. Now circle
1 Waltz right. There are
The waltz is a a lot of different
ballroom dance steps, but one of
in 3/4 time. Its the most basic
performed with ones is the do si do. To do this, face your
a partner and partner. Then, step towards your partner
involves smooth and pass right shoulders. Then, move right
steps. The most to pass the back of your partner. However,
basic one is you must do this without turning (i.e.
the box step. To do this, face your partner. you should face the same direction all the
Following the 1-2-3 beat, move your left time). Then, step backwards and pass left
foot forward on 1, step to the side with your shoulders with your partner and youre back
right foot on 2, and let your left foot follow where you started. Simple!
your right foot on 3. Easy! Square dance extract: Turkey in the Straw,
Waltz extract: The Sleeping Beauty Waltz, by the Tennessee Mafia Jug Band
by Tchaikovsky
4 Line Dance GLOSSARY
2 Foxtrot Line dances a ballroom dance n
a type of dance in which two people
This American are typically dance together in a ballroom (a large
room), using fixed sequences of steps and
dance began in associated with movements
the early 20th commercial 3/4 time n
a type of rhythm with three beats in each
century and songs. They sequence; 4/4 time has four beats in each
was incredibly also have a set to perform vb
popular in choreography. when you perform a dance, music, etc.,
you do it in front of an audience
the 1930s. Its The Macarena a step n
danced to big was a popular line dance from the 1990s a step is each time you put your foot on
the ground
band music, which has its origins in jazz. If that involved a lot of hand motions to a big band music n
jazz music by bands with between 10 and
youre the leader, take a slow step forward Spanish pop song of the same name. A 20 musicians who play the saxophone,
with your left foot, and then another slow famous disco-based dance from the 1970s trumpet, drums, etc.). Big bands were very
popular in the 1930s and 40s
one with your right foot. Then, step sideways was The Electric Slide. The Chicken Dance is a leader n
with your left foot, followed by your right. one of the easiest line dances to do. First, the person who controls the dance when
two people are dancing
These last two steps should be quicker, put your hands up and open and close a couple n
two people who are connected in some
creating four steps that go slow, slow, quick, them, imitating a chickens beak. Then, way: theyre married, theyre going out, etc.
quick. Its similar to the waltz, but its bend your arms to resemble chicken wings a caller n
a person who says how the dancers must
performed in 4/4 time rather than 3/4. and flap them up and down. Shake your dance or what they should do
Foxtrot extract: L.O.V.E., by Michael Bubl tail and then clap four times. And thats a set choreography n
a fixed way of dancing with specific
the chicken dance!
Square Dance
movements for each dancer
3 Line dance extract: Achy Breaky Heart, a beak n
the curved or pointed part of a birds
A square dance is a dance for four couples by Billy Ray Cyrus mouth
to flap vb
(eight dancers) arranged in a square. The when a bird flaps its wings, it moves
dance movements are directed by a caller, Get dancing! them up and down so it can fly

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Doing the Dev
Meet The Family.
harles The Manson
Manson Family was a group
had a of mostly young
difficult girls in their early
twenties. There
childhood. It seems were also some
that he never knew men, generally of a
his real father. His slightly older age.
surname is actually There were several
from another man leading players in
who was married the family. There
for a while to his was Tex Watson, a
mother, Kathleen top-class college
Maddox. Kathleen footballer who had
had Manson at had a repressive
the age of 16. She religious
was apparently upbringing. Paul
an alcoholic who Watkins was
once sold young another member
Charlie for a pitcher from a religious
of beer (his uncle family and a
later bought him talented musician.
back). Growing Watkins would
up, Manson got later compose
into a lot of trouble music for a
with the law, and documentary film
had spent half about the family.
his life in prison Susan Atkins,
by the 1960s. who was 22 at
His jailhouse the time of the
behaviour was trial, was a child
erratic. Sometimes from a broken
he acted violently, home. Her parents
and other times were said to be
he behaved like a alcoholics, and
model prisoner. her mother died
During his time when she was 15.
inside, Alvin Lynette Squeaky
Creepy Karpis, Fromme, was
an infamous bank another high-
robber, taught profile member
Manson to play the guitar. By the time he was who suffered from depression. She would
released in 1967, Manson had become a gifted later gain notoriety when she attempted to
guitarist with ambitions of breaking into the assassinate the then-President Gerald Ford.
Los Angeles music scene. Also while in jail, Most of the members were in a weak mental
Manson studied Scientology. When he arrived position, or were looking for meaning in their
in LA, he used his music and his knowledge of lives. Mansons ideology provided this.
Scientology to establish himself as a guru with
many young female followers. It was then that Mansons mixture of philosophy and music
the Manson Family was born. also appealed to some of the big names

34 / / For Skype / Telephone speaking classes, e-mail
vil's Business.
in LAs music industry. After becoming
aquainted with Dennis Wilson of The
Around this time, The Beatles White
Album was released. It would later have
Beach Boys, Manson was able to meet a big impact on Manson. At his trial, he
some important people in the business. claimed that a racial war would engulf
Songwriter Gregg Jakobson was impressed the earth, and that white people would be
with Manson. Later, Gregg and Wilson wiped out. The Beatles album, he believed,
financed some recording for Manson. was a coded message warning of this.
And musician Terry Melcher became Also at the trial, the jury discovered that
interested in making a movie about the Manson used to tell his followers that they
Manson Family, but trouble was brewing. were the chosen people, and that they
At the Family headquarters, Melcher saw a were destined to rule after the war. This
fight involving Manson. This caused both supposed apocalypse was named after one
Melcher and Wilson to sever their links with of the White Album tracks: Helter Skelter.
Finally, in October 1970, the police
Between July and August 1969, at least found and arrested the killers at their
eight extremely violent murders were headquarters in Death Valley (California),
committed by the Manson Family. On and the trial began on 15th June. What
one occasion, Manson tried to kill an many people actually dont know is that
African-American drug dealer who had Manson didnt take part in the killings.
infamous adj
threatened the Family. Lotsapoppa Crowe, Manson attempted to act as his own famous for negative or bad reasons
as he was known, was a Black Panther. lawyer, but was not allowed to. The main a pitcher of beer n
a large container for beer
Manson expected retaliation, but it didnt prosecution witness was a former Manson a model prisoner n
come. However, the Manson Family would Family member, Linda Kasabian. Manson a very well-behaved prisoner
inside adj
succeed in murdering soon enough. The was convicted and so was Linda. She was in jail
to break into phr vb
highest-profile of the Manson killings sentenced to death, but this was reduced if you break into a scene, you become
was the murder of film director Roman to life in prison because of a brief change part of that scene
a guru n
Polanskis pregnant wife Sharon Tate and in Californian law. She has been in jail ever a person that some people regard as an
three of her friends. When they entered the since. Manson has too. expert or leader
a leading player exp
house, Manson Family member Tex Watson an important person in a group
top-class adj
said, Im the Devil and Im here to do the So, how has Charles Manson managed of a very high level
Devils business. After each murder, words to become both a symbol of fear and repressive adj
a repressive upbringing is a childhood
and phrases from the Beatles White Album fascination? There are Manson T-Shirts, with very little freedom and strict control
were written on the walls in the victims his music is available on the internet and upbringing n
your upbringing is the way that you were
blood. world-famous musician Marilyn Manson educated by your parents as a child
a broken home n
(no relation) even took part of his stage someone from a "broken home" comes
name from Charles Manson (the other part from divorced or separated parents
to gain notoriety exp
coming from Marilyn Monroe). Cartoon to become famous for something bad
comedy South Park had a Christmas Special the then-President exp
the president at the time you are referring
entitled Merry Christmas, Charlie Manson!, to
to brew vb
with Charles Manson as a character. Since if trouble is brewing, trouble is forming
the trial, his connection to rock music and and coming soon
the Black Panthers n
hippie culture has given him appeal with an Afro-American Marxist group formed
disaffected youth. A few have suggested in the 1960s
high-profile adj
that his crimes were directed against the very public or famous
to engulf vb
rich elite who rejected him as an aspiring to cover completely, to affect someone
musician. Some followers of sub-genres of deeply
to wipe out phr vb
heavy metal see him as an icon. Perhaps to eliminate, to totally destroy
his rejection as a serious musical contender a Christmas special n
a programme shown during the Christmas
strikes a chord with other failed musicians. season
disaffected adj
disillusioned; not happy
Manson has always claimed that he aspiring adj
hopeful; trying to become successful
has done nothing wrong. Maybe hes a sub-genre n
misunderstood or hes just a failed rock a type of music or film followed by a
limited number of people
musician with a chip on his shoulder. One to strike a chord exp
if something "strikes a chord" with you,
thing is for sure though, the man regarded you like it
as the king of killers continues to fascinate to have a chip on your shoulder
as much as terrify. to feel angry about something

For more company classes or private tuition, contact / / 35
Objective To improve your advanced listening skills by listening to several speakers chatting in an informal setting.
Think about it When was the last time you went to a wedding? Who was getting married? Where did it take place?
What food was served? What music was there? How did the ceremony go? Did anything funny happen? What? Have
you ever been to a wedding in another country? What was it like? How was it different from weddings in your country?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.
Answers on page 44 MY WEDDING

1 Pre-listening
Match the wedding words (1 to 8) to
the pictures (a-h).
1. Bride
2. Groom
3. Ring
4. Wedding cake
5. Wedding dress
6. Wedding veil
7. Flower girl
8. Bouquet Note!
Dont read the audio script
until youve completed the
exercises. Also, please note that
when people chat informally, they
a b often use non-standard English,
correct themselves, repeat themselves,
GROUP TALK rarely speak in full sentences


and even make factual
or grammatical mistakes
c d because theyre

ABOUT WEDDINGS? speaking fast.

Audio script
e f
Caroline: Im so upset because my cousin got married Elena: I have, I have, yes. And actually what not
last Saturday and I wasnt able to go. many guests realised is the brides veil
Steven: Oh where was it far? Was it too far from fell off as she was coming out of the car
g h home or something? so that was, erm, quite, quite upsetting
Elena: Why not? for her but she got some help.
2 Listening I Caroline: Yeah, I had to work Friday and Monday Steven: Is that like bad luck or something?
Youre going to listen to some people and I couldnt make it out. Elena: Erm, no, no. No, its just not something
talking about weddings. Make a list Steven: Yeah, erm, the thing I like about you want to happen.
of anything that could go wrong at a weddings is you get to see all the Steven: You know, I dont think Ive seen veils.
wedding. For example: the groom relatives you havent seen in a long time. You mean like the veil is covering her
could forget to bring the ring, Some cousins I only see at weddings. Or face or?
it could rain... Then, listen once. funerals. Elena: No, no. It wasnt that type of veil but,
Were any of your ideas mentioned in the Caroline: Yeah, it was, ah, it was lovely. It was on yeah, of course it was just on her hair
conversation? the beach, it was very nice weather, and Steven: Oh, yeah
everybody, everybody went but me so Elena: And as she was getting out of the car
2 Listening II Steven: Ah. it fell.
Listen again. Then, answer the Elena: When you organise your wedding, you Steven: Oh, no.
questions. invite just the people you want, you know, Elena: So, yeah
1. Why couldnt one of the to see there. Caroline: When I was, erm, 7 years old I was a
female speakers go to Steven: Thats right yeah. flower girl in my friends in our friends
her cousins wedding last Elena: The closest to you. wedding. And my sisters were as well
Saturday? Steven: There was, erm, I remember there was so they had us dress up the same and I
2. What does the male speaker some viral video of people, they were think thats the last wedding I was at. I
like about weddings? having their wedding by a lake, I think it havent been to a wedding in a really long
3. What was the viral video about was, and they were all standing on this time.
that the male speaker refers to? platform and it collapsed [oh, no] and Elena: Yes.
4. What upsetting incident they all fell into the water. They were Steven: I went when I was a kid, I went to a
happened to the bride at the having their wedding photos taken on wedding and my mum made this, like,
other wedding, according to the platform. sailor suit for me, for me and my brother,
one of the female speakers? Elena: Yeah, when you want to make it too fancy, little sailors.
5. What was significant about thats what happens. Elena: Well, you looked very cute, Im sure.
the wedding that one of the Steven: You went to a wedding last week, Steven: Im sure, yeah. Things have changed
female speakers attended didnt you? since then. [fades out]
as a flower girl? How old
was she at the time? Top tip: how to listen
6. What was the male speaker The most important thing to remember when listening to a conversation is that you wont understand every
dressed up as when he was word. So, you should only listen out for the key words the most important words in the conversation: the
nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. Then, you can use your intuition to guess what the people are saying just as
a child? you do in your own language. Knowing the context and topic of the conversation will help with this.

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Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it Have you got a brother or sister? How do you get on with them? In what way are you similar or
different? Have they ever embarrassed you? How? What happened? Do you know anyone with an embarrassing brother
or sister? In what way are they embarrassing? What would you do if you had an embarrassing brother or sister?
Exams This activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.

eing famous has British chef, deadly weapon after he got
its drawbacks. The restaurateur into a fight with his girlfriend.
paparazzi watch your and television According to witnesses, Tove
every move, youre often personality. pushed her to the ground
away from home and you His before jumping into his car
have to be careful about the restaurants and driving off, dragging her
sort of stories the press get have been awarded along the ground for almost
Answers on page 44 hold of. On top of that, if numerous Michelin stars, 10 metres. Police arrested
youve got an embarrassing and he hosts several TV him at his house later that
1 Pre-reading sibling, things can get shows such as Kitchen day.
What things could a family extremely complicated. Here Nightmares, Hells Kitchen
member do to offend, are three famous people and The F Word. In 2015, How embarrassing!
embarrass you or anger you? with brothers they probably Forbes ranked him as the
Think of as many ideas as wished they never had. 21st highest earning celebrity
you can. For example: Your in the world. Incredibly, his GLOSSARY
a drawback n
mum could tell you off in Paris
1 brother, Ronnie Ramsay, a negative thing, a disadvantage
public, your brother got Paris is a drug addict. Ronnie the paparazzi n
the journalists who follow celebrities and
arrested Hilton was jailed in 2007 on a try to get photos of them
(born 17th charge of the possession of your every move exp

2 Reading I February heroin. Gordon has tried to

everything you do
a sibling n
a brother or sister
Read or listen to the article 1981) is an help Ronnie on numerous a socialite n
once. Were any of your ideas American businesswoman, occasions, but hasnt been a person who attends all the most
fashionable parties and social events, and
from the Pre-reading activity socialite and television successful so far. who is famous because of this
mentioned? personality. Shes the a gas station n US
a place where you can get petrol or diesel
great-granddaughter of 3 Hayden for your car. A garage or petrol station
3 Reading II Conrad Hilton, the founder Hayden Christensen in British English
a witness n
Read the article again. Then, of Hilton Hotels. Her (born 19th April 1981) is a someone who sees a crime or event
to smash up phr vb
answer the questions. brother, Barron, is also Canadian-American actor if you smash up a place, you destroy it
1. Who did Barron Hilton fairly well-known, but not and producer. He began his and break things in it
to yell vb
run over? for the same reasons. In career on Canadian television to speak very loudly; to shout
to own vb informal
2. What did the incident 2008, Barron ran over a at the age of 13. He gained if you own someone in a game, you win
on the flight involve? gas station attendant while international fame after the game and totally dominate them
a peasant n
3. What aspects of drunk. Then in 2014, he was starring as the young Anakin a poor person who works in a farm or
Gordon Ramsays arrested after an incident Skywalker (Darth Vader) in on the land
a chef n
success are on a flight. According to Star Wars: Episode II Attack a person whose job is to cook food in a
restaurant, hotel, etc.
mentioned? witnesses, he smashed up of the Clones. However, a restaurateur n
4. What does the author the plane, made children Haydens brother, Tove, isnt a person who owns or manages
say about Gordons cry and famously yelled, such a a Michelin star n
brother, Ronnie? I will own anyone on this good role Michelin stars are given to restaurants
that serve the best food in the world
5. How did Hayden flight; they are peasants. model. Tove an assault n
an attack
become internationally was once a deadly weapon n
famous? 2 Gordon charged an object that can kill someone
to drag vb
6. How did his brother Gordon Ramsay (born with assault if you drag something, you pull it along
get into trouble? 8th November 1966) is a with a the ground

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What are some of your favourite TV series? Why do you like them? Where do you watch them (on TV, on the internet)? Where did you get
them (through a subscription, on a DVD)? What do you know about Norway? Whats the capital? What cities have you heard of? Whats it like to live there?
Whats it famous for? Which Scandinavian country would you like to visit? Why? Which cities would you like to go to? Why?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.


ilyhammer is a (moonshine) a type of into the creation of content.
TV series about a homebrew liquor thats Its going to be very, very
New York gangster popular because official healthy for everybody.
who lives in the town of alcohol is so expensive;
Lillehammer in Norway. pappaperm a form of Knowing Steven, hes
It was a huge success. paternity leave that the father probably right!
But according to an article of the child has to take; and
in Rolling Stone magazine, fredagstaco a Norwegian STEVEN VAN ZANDT
the series also changed tradition that involves eating Steven Van
the nature of television. tacos at home with friends Zandt (born
Answers on page 44 22nd November
on a Friday night. 1950) is an
1 Pre-reading Frank Tagliano (played by American
What do you know about Steven van Zandt*) is a New So, whys the show so musician, songwriter and
Norway? Think of as many York mobster. After testifying popular? I knew it could actor (among other things).
Hes the guitarist of Bruce
things as you can in two in a trial in the United work, Steven said in an Springsteens E Street Band,
minutes: the capital city, States, he joins the witness interview with Rolling and hes acted in the TV series
the population, the protection program. He Stone magazine. I said to The Sopranos and Lilyhammer.
language, the currency, asks them to relocate him to people, The way to make
famous companies, Lillehammer, Norway, because this more international is LILLEHAMMER
groups, sportspeople, he remembers watching the to make it more Norwegian Lillehammer is a town in
musicians, actors, etc., 1994 Winter Olympics on TV as Norwegian as we can Oppland county, Norway. It
the climate, the location and being impressed by the make it. I want to know has a population of around
of the country, famous clean air, fresh white snow, every nuance, detail and 26,000. It hosted the 1994
Winter Olympics. The title of
products or inventions gorgeous broads... and best eccentricity that people the TV series, Lilyhammer, is
from Norway of all, nobodys gonna be might find interesting or an Anglicised version of the
looking for me there. different... people want to city name.
2 Reading I learn how other people live.
It has been said that the TV But the change from being Its just human nature. GLOSSARY
series Lilyhammer changed a gangster in New York to a mobster n
the nature of television. In becoming an unemployed But apart from its originality, a gangster; someone who uses violence in
order to do business
what way do you think this immigrant in Norway, is not the series has revolutionised a trial n
a legal process in which a judge or jury
might have been possible? simple. Frank, who goes the way TV programmes decide if someone is innocent or guilty
Think of as many ideas as by the name of Giovanni are made. Lilyhammer was a witness protection program exp
if a criminal goes into the witness
you can. Then, read or listen (Johnny) Henriksen, soon produced and distributed protection program, they get a new
to the article once to compare discovers that in order to by Netflix on their own identity and a secret home in exchange for
giving evidence against other criminals
your ideas. succeed, he must resort to digital platform. This was a broad n informal US
a woman
his old ways. As part of this, the first time that theyd your old ways exp
3 Reading II he opens a nightclub. done this. The experiment the things you always used to do
maintenance work n
Read the article again. Then, worked, and many more maintenance work on a building involves
answer the questions. The show is unusual in programmes followed, such repairing things, cleaning it, etc.
moonshine n
1. In the TV series, why many ways. For a start, its as Orange Is the New Black, an alcoholic drink that is made illegally
homebrew n
does Frank go to in a mixture of Norwegian House of Cards and Arrested an alcoholic drink that is made illegally,
Norway? and English. Frank speaks Development. often at home
a liquor n
2. Whats unusual about English most of the time, a strong alcoholic drink such as whisky,
the show with regard to but understands Norwegian. Netflix completely shook vodka or gin
paternity leave n
the language? So, if someone speaks to up the world, Steven said. a type of paid holiday for a man whose
partner or wife has just had a baby
3. What four aspects of him in Norwegian, he just Theyve been willing to a taco n
Norwegian culture are answers in English. invest and its opening a a type of Mexican bread made from corn and
eggs. It is often filled with meat, vegetables, etc.
mentioned? What do The show is also an whole new golden era of a nuance n
they mean? interesting introduction television. Now its gone a small difference in the sound,
appearance or meaning of something
4. Why does Steven think into Norwegian culture. to another level with digital an eccentricity n
behaviour or actions that other people
the show is so popular? distribution. This is just the consider strange
5. How has the show For example, you can learn beginning. Theres going to a digital platform n
an online place for uploading content:
changed the nature of about dugnad the be Google TV and Amazon Facebook, Twitter, a website, etc.
television? voluntary maintenance TV. People are going to start a golden era exp
if you say its the golden era of television
6. What does Steven think work you have to do if their own networks and its (for example), youre saying its a
wonderful, fantastic, incredible time for
will happen in the future you live in an apartment going to be wonderful to have television because there are a lot of great
as a result of this? building; hjemmebrent that much money coming shows, people are investing in TV, etc.

38 / / Improve your spoken English with our fantastic Skype/Telephone classes. E-mail:
Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Have you ever been on a cruise? Where did you go? Which places did you visit? What did you think about the experience? Would you like to go
on a cruise? Where would you like to go? Which places would you like to see? What do you think it would be like? What are the pros and cons of going on a cruise?
What are the enjoyable aspects of it? Are there any dangers? What are they? What could go wrong on a cruise?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.

ruises are a great way 2 Rebecca Coriam sharks in the areas where
to travel the world. Rebecca Coriam went they go missing. Others
But over the past missing from a Disney claim its a cover-up by
Answers on page 44
few years, dozens of people cruise liner in March 2011. the cruise companies
have disappeared from Miss Coriam, from Chester, who want to avoid any
1 Pre-reading cruise ships in extremely vanished as the Disney negative publicity. Whatever
How could someone disappear mysterious circumstances. Wonder was sailing from the cause, the sad fact is
from a cruise ship? What could Mexico to Los Angeles. that in many cases, no one
possibly happen? Think of as 1 John Halford She was working on the knows what happened. And
many ideas as you can. On the evening of 6th ship as a youth activities for the family and friends
April 2011, John Halford coordinator, and was last they leave behind, that makes
2 Reading I packed his suitcase and seen by a work colleague the loss even worse.
Read or listen to the article left it outside the door of at around 5.45am on 22nd
once. Were any of your ideas his cabin on the cruise March and appeared upset. GLOSSARY
from the Pre-reading activity liner Thomson Spirit. CCTV footage on the ship, dozens of exp
mentioned? It was the last day of a shows Rebecca walking into lots of. Literally, a dozen is 12 of
week-long Egyptian cruise. shot. After that, there were a cabin n
3 Reading II The ship was due to dock no further sightings of her. a small room in a ship
to dock vb
Read the article again. Then, at Sharm-el-Sheikh the Her credit card is missing, when a ship docks, it goes into a
harbour so people can get on or get off
answer the questions. following morning. Before but has not been used. The to text vb
1. What did Mr Halford arriving, Mr Halford texted crew searched the ship to send someone a written message from
a phone
say in the text to his wife Ruth, who was but found no sign of her. upper-deck adj
his wife? at home in Britain, to say The US Coast Guard and an "upper-deck" bar is on the top level of a
ship. A deck on a ship is like a floor in
2. When and where was he would see her at the Mexican Navy ships scoured a building
to vanish vb
he last seen? What was airport the next day, then international waters. They, to disappear completely
he doing? went off to dinner. At about too, found nothing. Reports a search n
if theres a search for someone, people
3. When did Mrs 12.30am, he was seen by that it could have been a look for that person
Halford find out other passengers drinking suicide were dismissed as a fate n
a persons fate is what happens to them
about her husbands cocktails in an upper-deck Rebecca had bought four a youth activities coordinator n
a person whose job is to organise
disappearance? bar. He then vanished. tickets for Disneyland Paris games,activities, etc. for young people
4. Where was the ship Mrs Halford, who has as a surprise so that she CCTV footage n
video from little cameras that record what
sailng to that Rebecca three children, learnt of her could go there with her happens in the street, in a shop, on a ship, etc.
Coriam went missing husbands disappearance mum and dad and sister the crew n
the people who work on a ship
from? What was she as she was getting ready Rachael when she got back. to scour vb
if you scour an area, you look in that area
doing on the ship? to drive to the airport to To this day, Rebecca is very carefully, trying to find something
5. Why has the suicide pick him up. A search of registered as missing. to dismiss vb
if you dismiss an idea, you say it cant
theory been dismissed? the sea was carried out at be true
6. Why does the author the time, but nothing was So, whats going on? The a cover-up n
an attempt to hide the truth or do things
suggest some cruise found. Today, Mr Halford fact that no bodies are ever so people cant discover the truth
negative publicity n
companies might be remains missing his fate found is concerning. Some if a company receives negative publicity,
involved in a cover-up? unknown. say its because there are people say bad things about the company

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Complete the sentences (1 to 8) with the words from below.

job kids married ages heard week classes money

1 Be back
If someone is back, theyve
2 Be off
returned to the place they were If you are off to a place,
originally from. youre going to go there.
Ive that Jim is back Jenny told me that shes off to
from the States. Is that right? Australia next .

3 Come round 4 Come into (money)

If someone comes round, they If someone comes into
visit you at your house. money, they inherit or win it.
Jack came round the other day and told I heard that Jessica came into a lot
me all about his new . of . Lucky thing!

5 Move to
If you move to a place, you go
6 Take off
to that place. If you take off time from work, you
Someone told me that Barnaby got stop working for a period of time.
and moved to New Guess what? Dylan is taking a year off to give
Zealand. Has he really gone? surfing in the Bahamas

7 Be up to 8 Settle down
The things youre up to If someone settles down, they stop moving
are the things youre doing. or changing jobs they start living in one place,
What has Ben been up to all they get married, they get a stable job, etc.
these years? I havent heard Did you hear? Matt got married and had two
from him for . . I never thought hed settle down.

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What festivals or special days do you celebrate during the year? Do you ever do anything for Valentines Day? What? Have you ever sent someone a
Valentines card? Who did you send it to? What did you say? Have you ever been to a restaurant on Valentines Day? Where did you go? What did you have? Have you
ever given anyone a present on Valentines Day? What was it? What do you like or dislike about Valentines Day? What other festivals or special days do you like or dislike? Why?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.
Listening activity

Whats wrong with

Dont read the
audio script until
youve completed
the exercises and
Valentines Day?
Audio script
Answers on page 44
Speaker 1
Erm... do you know Im not sure if I like pity for the people who never, never, ever
1 Pre-listening Valentines Day? I suppose, on the one got any Valentines. I think they felt really
What do you like or dislike hand, after Christmas, its something to look out of it. I think its erm... it can be quite
about Valentines Day? Use the forward to. You know, youve got something nice when youre grown up to spend erm...
words below to help you. in February, which is such a cold, dull a Valentines Day with someone that you
month, and I dont particularly like February, like, maybe something romantic, so maybe
cards chocolate flowers so you can think, OK, theres something now it can be quite nice, but I think now it
jewellery dinner romance in the calendar to look forward to, and I has become very commercialised. And even
suppose Im a bit of a romantic, so the idea in countries like Spain, its become almost
2 Listening I of somebody sending me roses would be a celebration where it never was before.
Youre going to hear three rather nice, you know, or having a special I dont know if its coming,it comes from
people talking about meal cooked for me...thats rather nice. But, Britain or from United States, but erm, well,
Valentines Day. Listen once. then I suppose on the other hand, it is quite I think its good, people to be romantic, at
Did they mention any of the contrived. The fact that on a certain day of least once a year.
things you thought of for the the year, you know, were kind of forced to
Pre-listening activity? buy things for each other. Thats... nah... I Speaker 3
suppose that could be questioned. Erm, coz Erm...Valentines Day as a child was really
3 Listening II I suppose, you could say, if you felt romantic exciting. Erm, in elementary school, all the
Listen again. Then, write what towards somebody, you could actually send kids brought 20 or 30 Valentines to class,
each person likes and dislikes them a rose on any day of the year. So why and shared them with every other child. So,
about Valentines Day. on 14th February? So, and I think at school it at the end of the day, everyone was opening
would have been nice to have received lots candy and cards and little things, and it was
Speaker 1 of Valentines cards, but do you know, these really exciting. But, as I got older, I just felt
She likes... days, at this age and shoe size, I dont give like Valentines became this really marketed
She doesnt like... a damn. holiday, in which companies could make
money off of flowers and cards and all the
Speaker 2 Speaker 2 Hallmark greetings-type of things. Erm...
He likes... Erm... not especially. I think that it was to me and my opinion, I dont think that
He doesnt like... quite funny when I was at school, and there needs to be one day as an excuse to
people used to send Valentines cards to give your significant other candy or cards or
Speaker 3 their girlfriends, and they dont know who some nice sentiment. I would just feel like I
He likes... they were and sometimes you got some, would rather do that at my leisure, whenever
He doesnt like... sometimes you didnt, but I think it was a I want throughout the year.

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Idioms Phrasal Verbs Listening files
ANSWERS Articles Great content Vocabulary

VOCABULARY (PAGE 4) 5. listen; 6. do / finish; 7. finish /prices in different shops as he called it. fredagstaco eating tacos at
1. business studies; do; 8. out 3. Pass away = to die 6. That he had been killed by home with friends on a Friday
2. philosophy; 3. film studies; 4 Class activities 4. Take back (something local Indians, that hed died night.
4. physical education; 1. share; 2. pairs; 3. groups; you said) = to say sorry for of natural causes or that hed 4. Because it looks at Norwegian
5. English literature; 6. maths; 4. hand; 5. discuss; 6. books; something you said become a cannibal chief. culture in a lot of detail and
7. law; 8. medicine; 7. gaps; 8. match 5. Get by = to survive
people like learning about how
9. engineering; 10. accounting; 5 Student questions 6. Feel down = to feel depressed FIRST-WORLD PROBLEMS
other people live.
11. history; 12. sociology; 1b 2a 3e 4f 5g 6h 7d 8c or sad (PAGE 28)
5. It was the first show to be
13. photography; 14. architecture; 6 Asking about words 7. Look forward to = to be excited 3 Reading II
15. veterinary science; 1a 2a 3b 4b 5b 6a 7b 8a about something that will 1. close; 2. tangled; 3. took; produced and distributed by
16. education; 17. dentistry; happen 4. buy; 5. ordered; 6. left; 7. had; Netflix on their own digital
18. archaeology; 19. civil Dialogue 8. Keep away from someone = 8. ruined platform. It worked and it
engineering; 20. ancient history 3 Listening II to stay far from opened up the way for other
1. 46; 2. a pen; 3. vacation; 9. Stay in = to stay at home LISTENING (PAGE 30) shows to be produced and
COURSES (PAGE 5) 4. a fork; 5. c; 6. a fire 10. Drive off = to leave in a car Listening II distributed like this.
3 Reading II 11. Hang onto = to keep 1. Twenty-five pounds. 6. That more companies and
1. Miley; 2. Simpsons; LISTENING (PAGE 12) 12. Fall out = to stop being 2. She likes looking out of the people will start their own
3. Zombies; 4. Lost; 5. Miley; 3 Listening II friends window. networks and that there will be
6. Simpsons; 7. Zombies Someone steals Petes 13. Get over (an illness) = to 3. Shes afraid of flying and she
more money invested in TV.
briefcase. 7 recover from an illness; to get feels claustrophobic.
WRONG NUMBER (PAGE 6) His car stops on the better again 4. A Christmas sweater.
3 Reading II motorway. 3 14. Wouldnt put it past 5. Because dogs have fur / hair.
CRUISE SHIPS (page 39)
3 Reading II
1. Its name, height and weight. Pete spills some coffee down someone = this means that you 6. The Christmas hat.
2. That he had the flu. his shirt. 1 think someone is capable of 1. That hed see her at the airport
3. His grandmother. Pete goes to a pub with his doing something GROUP TALK (PAGE 35) the next day.
4. She was 13. friends. 6 15. Run through = if you run 1 Pre-listening 2. He was last seen in an upper-
5. He was asked to bring a He gets some petrol from a through something, you explain 1c 2h 3a 4e 5f 6d 7g 8b deck bar at about 12:30 drinking
side dish. garage. 4 it quickly and briefly 2 Listening II cocktails.
6. He wanted his mum to bail He attends some meetings 16. Ben often turns to Amelia 1. Because she had to work. 3. She found out as she was
him out of jail. in Manchester. 5 when he needs help or if hes got 2. You get to see all the relatives getting ready to go to the airport.
He attends some meetings a problem. you havent seen for a long time. 4. It was sailing from Mexico to
UNUSUAL PRODUCTS (PAGE 7) in Birmingham. 2 Turn to someone = if you turn 3. It was of a wedding party on a
Los Angeles. She was working as
3 Reading II to someone when youve got platform by a lake that collapsed,
a youth activities coordinator.
1. Zoomies; 2. Rejuvenique; ART PRIZE (PAGE 14) a problem, you go to speak to causing them to fall into
5. Because Rebecca had bought
3. Potty Putter; 4. Zoomies; 3 Reading II them to see if they can help you the water.
5. Bowl; 6. Perfect Polly; 1. 2016; 2. 1997; 3. 2001; 4. 2016; 17. Lean towards = if youre 4. The brides veil fell off as she some tickets for Disneyland
7. Rejuvenique 5. 1998; 6. 1998; 7. 1997 leaning towards a particular was coming out of the car. Paris for her family so they could
option, you prefer that option 5. It was the last wedding go when she got back.
GRAMMAR BOOSTER (PAGE 8) PSYCHOLOGICAL TRICKS (PAGE 15) and want to choose it she went to. She was seven 6. Because the cruise companies
2 Listening II 3 Reading II 18. Add up = if something years old. would want to avoid any negative
1. Emma likes going to new 1. danger; 2. e-mail; 3. yes; 4. doesnt add up, it doesnt 6. He was dressed up as a sailor. publicity.
places and meeting new people, confident; 5. mirror; 6. five; 7. bag make sense or appear logical
and she thinks that life is for 19. Look up to someone = to CELEBRITY BROTHERS (PAGE 37) LISTENING (PAGE 40)
living, and you cant spend your GROUCHO MARX (PAGE 16) admire or respect someone 3 Reading II
3 Listening II
whole life staying in the same 3 Reading II 1. He ran over a gas station
Speaker 1
place. 1. evening; 2. wrong; 3. everyone; STATUES (PAGE 26) attendant.
She likes that theres something
2. Andy prefers to be close to 4. girlfriends; 5. club; 6. marriage; 3 Reading II 2. He smashed up the plane,
to look forward to in February,
his family so he can go home 7. fool 1. Because he was a Member of made children cry and verbally
on Sundays. If he went away, Parliament who funded schools abused the passengers. the idea of someone sending
hed miss his family, and hes LISTENING (PAGE 17) and almshouses in the city. 3. That hes won numerous her roses or cooking something
quite happy to work in the family Listening II 2. Because he was involved in the Michelin stars, that he hosts for her.
business and have his two-week 1T slave trade. several TV shows and that he She doesnt like that were forced
holiday in the summer. 2F not China, but Laos 3. Because they involved area was ranked the 21st highest- to buy things.
3T bombing, which led to a lot of earning celebrity in 2015. Speaker 2
3 Language analysis 4F not six, but two civilian deaths. 4. That hes a drug addict and He likes how, at school, people
1. repetition; 2. interruption; 5T 4. That he contributed to the that he was once jailed in 2007. sent anonymous cards, how you
3. filler (you know); 4. filler (er); 6F not a bit expensive, reconciliation of the South with 5. He became internationally can spend the day with someone
5. interruption; 6. self-correction but very cheap the North after the Civil War. famous after starring in the Star that you like, how its nice to be
(I mean); 7. abbreviated forms 7T 5. The fact that he was fighting Wars films.
romantic at least once a year.
(gonna); 8. incomplete sentence 8F not goats milk, to maintain slavery and that he 6. Tove was once charged with
He doesnt like how at school
/ repetition; 9. incomplete but coconut milk owned slaves. assault after getting into a fight
sentence / abbreviated forms 6. She has suggested adding with his girlfriend. some people didnt get
(gonna); 10. filler (you know) DINERS (PAGE 18) information to the plaques on anything, how it has become so
1 Pre-reading statues to give people a better LILYHAMMER (PAGE 38) commercialised.
PRACTICAL ENGLISH 1b 2f 3d 4h 5g 6a 7e 8c understanding of the people 3 Reading II Speaker 3
(PAGES 10-11) 3 Reading II represented in the statues. 1. He has to go there after He likes how his classmates
1 Personal items 1. Goat; 2. Mickey; 3. Magnolia; testifying in a trial. His move brought in Valentines Day cards.
1c 2e 3g 4a 5b 6h 7d 8f 4. Harry; 5. Goat; 6. Magnolia; JOURNEYS (PAGE 27) there is part of the witness He doesnt like how its become
2 The classroom 7. Harry; 8. Mickey 2 Reading I protection program. so commercial, how you dont
1. Clock 1. To raise money for needy 2. Its in a mixture of Norwegian need a specially assigned day as
2. Board / whiteboard TRAVEL ENGLISH (PAGE 19) children. and English, with Frank a reason to be nice or romantic
3. Desk 1. drink; 2. hear; 3. serving; 2. Protein bars and bottles of understanding Norwegian, but
you should choose when to
4. Chair 4. look; 5. have; 6. out; 7. shake; water. speaking in English.
do that.
5. Window 8. soon 3. He wanted to help people in 3. 1. Dugnad voluntary
6. Door exchange for food and shelter. maintenance work; 2.
7. Wall PHRASAL VERBS (PAGE 24-25) 4. Because he couldnt explain hjemmebrent a type PHRASAL VERBS (PAGE 41)
8. Bin (trash can in US) 1. Get across (the meaning) = to properly what he was trying of homebrew liquor; 3. 1. heard; 2. week; 3. job; 4. money;
3 Teacher talk explain something successfully to do. pappaperm a form 5. married; 6. classes; 7. ages;
1. down; 2. in; 3. window; 4. to; 2. Shop around = to compare 5. The lost city of El Dorado, or Z, of paternity leave; and 8. kids

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What are you talking to his wife. OK, he Spencer Stone assistant editor
A: I say, I say, I say, about? the son screams. says, theyre coming Philip McIvor designer
why do fish live in We cant stand the sight for Thanksgiving. Now Mary Jones writer
Steve Brown writer
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B: I dont know. Why do man says. Were sick for Christmas? Lorna Booth writer
fish live in salt water? of each other, and Im Contributors
A: Because pepper makes sick of talking about GLOSSARY Blanca San Roman translation
Magnus Coney proofreading
them sneeze! this. So, call your sister salt water n Sean Haughton proofreading
in Chicago and tell her, water from the sea, which has salt in it
Natalia T. Piekarowicz proofreading
The prisoner and he hangs up.
pepper n
a hot, black spice which is often used on food
Laurent Guiard French depart.
Jamie Broadway proofreading
After a long period in Frantic, the son calls his to sneeze vb
when someone sneezes, liquid comes out Heidi Mostafa interm
jail, a prisoner is released sister, who explodes on of their nose suddenly and with a lot of force Sarah Asch intern
three years earlier than the phone. Like hell to release vb Simona Gheorghita intern
if a prisoner is released, he/she can Vanessa Simmonds writer
expected. Unable to theyre getting divorced, leave prison Petra Bates writer
to yell vb
believe his luck, he runs she shouts, Ill take care to shout; to say something in a loud voice
Slim Pickens special intern
Nick Hargreaves writer
around the streets yelling, of this. So, she calls her misery n
sadness; unhappiness Printing
Im free! Im free! parents, and screams at cant stand the sight of exp
if you cant stand the sight of someone, Printerman
Confused, a little kid her dad, You are NOT you hate that person
walks up to him and says, getting divorced. Dont sick of exp Audio Production
if youre sick of a situation, you dont want HEP
So what, Im four! do anything until I get to be in that situation any more
there. Im calling my to hang up phr vb CD Production
The divorce brother back, and well
if you hang up the phone, you press a
button so the phone conversation finishes, HEP
or you put down the receiver
An elderly man in Texas both be there tomorrow. frantic adj ISSN 1577-7898
calls his son in New Until then, dont do if someone is frantic, theyre behaving in an Depsito Legal M.14277.2001
uncontrolled way because theyre frightened February 2016
York and says, I hate to anything, DO YOU like hell exp informal
ruin your day, but your HEAR ME? DO NOT this expression is used as a way of saying
that something wont happen (if you can
Published by Hot English Publishing, S.L.
mother and I are getting DO ANYTHING! and stop it). In this case, like hell theyre Paseo de Extremadura, 21, Oficina 1A,
getting divorced means, they wont get Madrid 28011, Spain
divorced. Forty-five years hangs up. divorced (if I can stop it) Phone: (00 34) 91 549 8523
of misery is enough. Then, the old man turns Fax: (00 34) 672 317 912
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