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INDEX
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INDEX

0 Training Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.2 Structure of the manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.3 Distribution and Storage of the Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.4 Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.4.1 Annotation of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01
0.5 Record of Revisions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02
0.6 Log of Temporary Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02
0.7 List of Effective Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02
0.7.1 Validation and Approval of Operations Manual by TMG ATO . . . . . . . . . . . 03
0.7.2 Acceptance by CAA of Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03

1 THE TRAINING PLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


1.1 Scope of Training. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.2 Pre-entry Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.3 Credits for Previous Experience (Not Applicable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.4 Theoretical Training Syllabi for LAPL (S), SPL holders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.4.1 Theoretical Knowledge Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.4.2 Theoretical Knowledge Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.5 Flight instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.5.1 Flight Training Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.6 Theoretical Training Syllabi for LAPL (A), PPL, CPL, ATPL holders . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.6.1 FCL 725 based on FCL. 135 (A) requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.6.2 Theoretical Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.6.3 Flight instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.6.4 Flight Training Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
1.7 The Time Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
1.8 Training programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.8.1 General Arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.8.2 Bad weather Constrains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.8.3 Maximum Flying Hours & Training Flights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.8.4 Rest Periods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.9 Training Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.10 Attendance Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.11 Training forms to be kept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.12 Persons responsible for checking records and students logbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
1.13 The nature and frequency of record checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

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1.14 Standardisation of entries in training records. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112


1.15 Rules concerning Log book entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
1.16 Safety training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
1.16.1 Emergency drills (frequency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
1.16.2 Dual checks (frequency at various stages) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
1.17 Requirements before first solo day/navigation or any other major step of the training.1
13
1.18 Tests and examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
1.18.1 Theoretical Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
1.18.2 Flying. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
1.19 Training effectiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
1.19.1 Individual responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
1.19.2 General assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
1.20 Liaison between departments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
1.21 Identification of unsatisfactory progress (individual students) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
1.22 Actions to correct unsatisfactory progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
1.23 Procedure for changing instructors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
1.24 Maximum number of instructor changes per student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
1.25 Procedure for suspending a student from training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
1.26 Discipline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116
1.27 Reporting and documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116

2 INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21


2.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
2.2 Briefing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
2.3 De-briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
2.4 Flight Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
2.5 Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

3 Briefing and Air Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31


3.1 Air Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

4 APPENDICES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.1 THEORETICAL TRAINING (Appendix 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
4.2 FLIGHT TRAINING (Appendix 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
4.3 COURSE COMPLETION CERTIFICATE (Appendix 3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .412

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CHAPTER 0 Training Manual

0.1 General
TMG ATO Training Manual (TM) - states the standards, objectives and training goals for each
phase of touring motor glider (TMG) training courses.

0.2 Structure of the manual


The TMG ATO is offering the following training courses:
Extension of privileges to TMG:
For LAPL (S) holders in accordance with the requirements of FCL.135.S LAPL(S);
For SPL holders in accordance with the requirements of FCL.205(S);
For LAPL (A) holders in accordance with the requirements of FCL.135.A LAPL (A).
Issue of TMG Class Rating
For PPL(A), CPL(A), ATPL (A) holders in accordance of FCL 725.
Common language of this manual is English.
Any amendments to this manual shall be accepted and signed by:
TMG ATO Compliance Monitoring Manager (CMM);
TMG ATO Head of Training (HT);
LV CAA.

0.3 Distribution and Storage of the Manual


More detailed information refer to OM Chapter 0, 0.4 Distribution and Storage of Manuals.

0.4 Revisions
More detailed information refer to OM Chapter 0, 0.5 Revisions.

0.4.1 Annotation of Changes


A black revision bar is inserted next to the revised sections and will thus highlight the recent
changes.

Chapter Changes

Whole manual Manual created

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0.5 Record of Revisions

Number of Surname /
Date of Revision Date of Insertion
revision Signature
0 04.01.2016. - -

Manual holders are responsible for inserting revisions and amendments (after receiving) for
this Manual.

0.6 Log of Temporary Revisions


Manual holders are responsible for inserting temporary revisions and amendments (after
receiving) for this Manual.

Number of Surname /
Date of Revision Date of Insertion
revision Signature
- - - -

0.7 List of Effective Pages


Manual holders are responsible for inserting revisions and amendments for this Manual.

Chapter Pages Effective Date Revision Number


TOC from TOC-1 to TOC-2 01.04.2016. Rev. 0
0 from 0-1 to 0-4 01.04.2016. Rev. 0
1 from 1-1 to 1-16 01.04.2016. Rev. 0
2 from 2-1 to 2-2 01.04.2016. Rev. 0
3 from 3-1 to 3-10 01.04.2016. Rev. 0
4 from 4-1 to 4-10 01.04.2016. Rev. 0

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0.7.1 Validation and Approval of Training Manual by TMG ATO

Date: 01-April-2016

Validated by:
Name/Surname:_________________________
TMG ATO Compliance Monitoring Manager

Date: 01-April-2016

Approved by:
Name/Surname:_________________________
TMG ATO Head of Training

0.7.2 Acceptance by CAA of Latvia

Accepted by CAA of Latvia:


Date:_____________

Accepted by:
Name/Surname:__________________________
Position:________________________________

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CHAPTER 1 TRAINING PLAN

1.1 Scope of Training


For LAPL (S), SPL holders:
Extension of privileges to TMG; (According to FCL.135.S; FCL.205.S (a))
For LAPL (A)
Extension of privileges to TMG; (According to FCL.135.A)
For PPL/CPL/ATPL holders:
Issue TMG Class Rating; (According to FCL.725)

1.2 Pre-entry Requirements


For LAPL (A), LAPL (S), SPL holders:
Valid LAPL(S), LAPL(A), SPL, licence;
Valid 1st or 2nd Class EASA Medical Certificate; LAPL Medical Certificate;
Valid English language proficiency at least ICAO Level 4.

For PPL/CPL/ATPL holders:


Valid PPL(A), CPL(A), or ATPL(A) licence;
Valid 1st or 2nd Class EASA Medical Certificate;
Valid English language proficiency at least ICAO Level 4.

TMG ATO training course enrolment procedure refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.10.1 Pre-
assessment and application form.
Attention! Before starting the training course an applicant has to self-study (approximately
during one week) the TMG ATO Manuals (OM and TM - respective, student related chapters)
and Aircraft Operations Manual.
When an applicant's satisfactory knowledge is confirmed by oral examination in accordance
with OM 1.10.1, he is allowed to begin his theoretical and flight training.

1.3 Credits for Previous Experience (Not Applicable)

1.4 Theoretical Training Syllabi for LAPL (S), SPL holders


AMC1 FCL.135.S; FCL205. S (a)

During skill test, applicant shall demonstrate to the examiner an adequate level of theoretical
knowledge of TMG in the following subjects:
Principles of Flight;

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Operational procedures;
Flight performance and planning;
Aircraft general knowledge.
Navigation.

1.4.1 Theoretical Knowledge Training


AMC1 FCL.135.S; FCL205.S(a)

1.Principles of flight
(i) Operating limitations (TMG)
(ii) Propellers
(iii) Flight mechanics
2.Operational procedures for TMG
(i) Special operational procedures and hazards
(ii) Emergency procedures
3.Flight performance and planning
(i) Mass and balance consideration
(ii) Loading
(iii) CG calculation
(iv) Load and trim sheet
(vi) Performance of TMGs
(vii) Flight planning for VFR flights
(viii) Fuel planning
(ix) Pre-flight preparation
(x) Flight monitoring and in-flight re-planning
4.Aicraft general knowledge
(i) System designs, loads, stresses, maintenance
(ii) Airframe
(iii) Landing gear, wheels, tyres, brakes
(iv) Fuel system
(v) Electrics
(vi) Piston engines
(vii) Propellers
(viii) Instrument and indication systems

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5.Navigation
(i) Dead reckoning navigation (addition powered flying elements)
(ii) In-flight navigation (addition powered flying elements)
(iii) Basic radio propagation theory
(iv) Radio aids (basics)
(v) Radar (Basic)
(vi) GNSS

1.4.2 Theoretical Knowledge Test


Students' knowledge of Theoretical Training shall be tested by oral examination by instructor
before flight training starts and shall be recorded in Appendix 1.

1.5 Flight instructions


AMC1 FCL.135.S; FCL205.S(a)

The privileges of an LAPL (S) SPL shall be extended to a TMG when pilot has completed at
least:
6 hours of flight instructions on a TMG, including:
4 hours of dual flight instruction;
1 solo-cross country flight at least 150km (80NM), during 1 full stop landing at
an aerodrome different from the aerodrome of departure shall be performed;
Skill test.
The numbering of exercises should be used primarily as an exercise reference list and broad
instructional sequencing guide; therefore the demonstrations and practices need not to be
necessary be given in order listed.
Exercise 1: Familiarisation with TMG
Characteristics of TMG
Cockpit layout
Systems
Checklists, drills and controls
Exercise 1e: Emergency drills
Action if fire on ground and in the air
Engine cabin and electrical system fire
Systems failure
Escape drills, location and action after flight
Exercise 2: Preparation for and action after flight
Serviceability documents
Equipment required, maps, etc.
External checks

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Internal checks
Harness and seat or rudder panel adjustments
Starting and warm-up checks
Power checks
Running down system checks and switching off engine
Parking, security and picketing (for example tie down)
Completion of authorisation sheet and serviceability documents
Exercise 3: Taxiing
Pre-taxi checks
Starting, control of speed and stopping
Engine handling
Control of direction and turning
Turning in confined spaces
Parking area procedure and precautions
Effects of wind and use of flying control
Effects of ground surface
Freedom of rudder movement
Marshalling signals
Instrument checks
Air traffic control procedures (if applicable)
Exercise 3e:brake and steering failure
Exercise 4: Straight and level
At normal cruising power, attaining and maintaining straight and level flight
Flight at critically high air speeds
Demonstration of inherent stability
Control in pitch, including use of trim
Lateral level, direction and balance and trim
At selected air speeds (use of power)
During speed and configuration changes
Use of instruments for precision
Exercise 5: Climbing
Entry, maintaining the normal and max rate climb and levelling off
Levelling off at selected altitudes
En-route climb (cruise climb)
Climbing with flaps down (if applicable)
Recovery to normal climb
Maximum angle of climb
Use the instruments for precision

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Exercise 6:Descending
Entry, maintaining and levelling off
Levelling off at selected altitudes
Glide, powered and cruise descent (including effect of power and air speed)
Side slipping (on suitable types)
Use the instruments for precisionix)
Exercise 7: Turning
Entry and maintaining medium level turns
Resuming straight flight
Faults in the turn(incorrect pitch, bank and balance)
Climbing turns
Descending turns
Slipping turns (on suitable types)
Turns onto selected heading, use of gyro heading indicator or compass
Use of instruments for precision
Exercise 8a: Slow flight
Safety checks
Introduction to slow flight
Controlled flight down to critically slow air speed
Application of full power with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal climb
speed
Exercise 8b: Stalling
Airmanship
Safety checks
Symptoms
Recognition
Clean stall recovery without power and with power
Recovery when wing drops
Approach to stall in the approach and in the landing configuration, with and without
power, recovery at the incipient stage
Exercise 9: Take off and climb to downwind position
Pre-take off checks
Into wind take off
Safeguarding the nose wheel (if applicable)
Crosswind take-off
Drills during and after take-off
Short take-off and soft field procedure or techniques including performance
calculations

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Noise abatement procedures


Exercise 10: Circuit, approach and landing
Circuit procedures, down wind and base leg
Powered approach and landing
Safeguarding the nose wheel (if applicable)
Effect of wind on approach and touchdown speeds
Use of airbrakes, flaps, slats or spoilers (if applicable)
Cross wind approach and landing
Glide approach and landing (engine stopped)
Short landing and soft field procedures or techniques
Flapless approach and landing (if applicable)
Wheel landing (tail wheel aeroplanes)
Missed approach and go-around
Noise abatement procedures
Exercise 9/10e: Emergencies
Abandoned take-off
Engine failure after take-off
Mislanding and go-around
Missed approach
Exercise 11: Advanced turning
Steep turns (45 deg), level and descending
Stalling in the turn and recovery
Recoveries from unusual attitudes, including spiral dives
Exercise 12: Stopping and restarting the engine
Engine cooling procedure
Switching off procedure in flight
Sailplane operating procedure
Restarting procedure
Exercise 13: Forced landing without power
Forced landing procedure
Choice of landing area
Gliding Distance
Descent plan
Key positions
Engine failure checks
Use of radio
Base leg
Final approach

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Landing
Actions after landing
Exercise 14 Precautionary landing
Full procedure away from aerodrome to break-off height
Occasions necessitating
In-flight conditions
Landing are selection
normal aerodrome
disused aerodrome
ordinary field
Circuit and approach
Actions after landing
Exercise 15a: Navigation
Flight planning
weather forecast and actuals
map selection and preparation
choice of route
airspace structure
safety altitudes
calculations
magnetic heading(s) and time(s) en-route
fuel consumption
mass and balance
mass and performance
flight information
NOTAM(s)
radio frequencies
selection of alternate aerodromes
TMG documentation
notification of the flight
pre-flight administrative procedures
flight plan form
Departure
organization of cockpit workload
departure procedures
altimeter settings
ATC liaison in regulated airspace
setting heading procedure
noting of ETAs
En-route
maintenance of altitude and heading
revisions of ETA and heading
log keeping
use of radio or compliance with ATC procedures

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minimum weather conditions for continuation of flight


in-flight decisions
transiting controlled or regulated airspace
diverting procedure
lost procedure
Arrival, aerodrome joining procedure
ATC liaison in regulated airspace
altimeter setting
entering the traffic pattern
circuit procedure
parking
security of TMG
refuelling
closing of flight plan, (if appropriate)
post-flight administrative procedures
Exercise 15b: Navigation problems at lower levels and in reduced visibility
Actions before descending
Hazards (for example obstacles and terrain)
Difficulties of reading
Effects of wind and turbulence
Vertical situational awareness (avoidance of controlled flight into terrain)
Avoidance of noise sensitive areas
Joining the circuit
Bad weather circuit and landing
Exercise 15c: Radio navigation (basics)
Use of GNSS or VOR/NDB
selection of waypoints
to or from indications or orientation
error messages
Use of VHF/DF
availability, AIO and frequencies
R/T procedures and ATC liaison
obtaining QDM and homing
Use of en-route or terminal radar
availability and AIP
procedures and ATC liaison
pilot's responsibilities
secondary surveillance radar
transponders
code selection
interrogation and reply

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Type of No of
Exercise Number Dual Solo
Training Flights
Training Ex4; Ex5; Ex6; Ex7; Ex8a; Ex8b; Ex11; Ex12;
2 2
Area Ex13; Ex14
Circuits Ex9; Ex10; Ex13; Ex14 10 10 6
Cross
Ex15a, Ex15b, Ex15c 2 1 1
Country

Total:
24 Flights 6:00hrs / 4:00hrs Dual
1 Solo Cross - country Flight 150 km (80 NM) with landings on two different
aerodromes.

1.5.1 Flight Training Documentation


All flight training shall be recorded in TM Appendix 2 form and students personal logbook.
Entries shall be signed by FI. After flight training completion student shall be recommended for
the skill test for TMG class rating by HT (Appendix 2).

1.6 Theoretical Training Syllabi for LAPL (A), PPL, CPL, ATPL holders
FCL.135.A LAPL (A);

1.6.1 FCL 725 based on FCL. 135 (A) requirements.


During skill test, applicant shall demonstrate to the examiner an adequate level of theoretical
knowledge of TMG in the following subjects:
Principles of Flight;
Operational procedures;
Flight performance and planning;
Aircraft general knowledge.

1.6.2 Theoretical Training


refer to 1.4.1 on page 12 Exercise 1 through Exercise 4 (including)

Theoretical Knowledge Test


Students' knowledge of Theoretical Training shall be tested by oral examination by instructor
before flight training starts and shall be recorded in Appendix 1.

1.6.3 Flight instructions


FCL.135.(A); FCL.725

The privileges of an LAPL (A) shall be extended to a TMG when pilot has completed at least:

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3 hours of flight instructions on a TMG, including:


10 dual take-off and landings
10 supervised solo, take-offs and landings.
For issue the TMG class rating when pilot has completed at least:
3 hours of flight instructions on a TMG, including:
10 dual take-off and landings
10 supervised solo, take-offs and landings.
The numbering of exercises should be used primarily as an exercise reference list and broad
instructional sequencing guide; therefore the demonstrations and practices need not to be
necessary be given in order listed.
refer to 1.5 on page 13 Exercise 1e through Exercise 14 (including)

Type of No of
Exercise Number Dual Solo
Training Flights
Training Ex4; Ex5; Ex6; Ex7; Ex8a; Ex8b; Ex11; Ex12;
2 2
Area Ex13; Ex14
Circuits Ex9; Ex10; Ex13; Ex14 20 10 10

Total:
22 Flights 3:00 hrs
10 dual take-off and landings
10 supervised solo, take-offs and landings.

1.6.4 Flight Training Documentation


All flight training shall be recorded in TM Appendix 2 form and students personal logbook.
Entries shall be signed by FI. After flight training completion student shall be recommended for
the skill test for TMG class rating by HT (Appendix 2).

1.7 The Time Scale


Minimum course length:
According FCL.135 (A). FCL.725 - two- three days;
According FCL.135(S) and FCL.205 SPL three four days.
In most cases, course length will be extended or compressed depending on student
availability, weather and students ability to learn.

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1.8 Training programme

1.8.1 General Arrangements


Flight training will be normally programmed to take place in day time.

1.8.2 Bad weather Constrains


Minimum weather limits for training are established in accordance with refer to OM Chapter 3,
3.16 Weather Minima (Flight Instructors) and refer to OM Chapter 3, 3.17 Weather Minima
(Students solo).

1.8.3 Maximum Flying Hours & Training Flights


For more detailed information refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.23 Flight Time Limitations and refer to
OM Chapter 1, 1.24 Flight Duty Period and Flight Time Limitations (Students).

1.8.4 Rest Periods


For more detailed information refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.25 Rest Periods (Flight Instructors)
and refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.26 Rest Periods (Students).

1.9 Training Records


TMG ATO training records and documents shall be secured in accordance with - refer to OM
Chapter 1, 1.20 Record Keeping.
Access to training records is restricted to flight instructor and student to whom the record
relates.
Training records are to be retained for minimum of 3 years following completion of the training
course.

1.10 Attendance Records


Due to very short period of the training, attendance records are not required. All the training
provided can be clearly identified in Appendix 1 and Appendix 2 forms.

1.11 Training forms to be kept


refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.21 Flight Crew Qualification Records

1.12 Persons responsible for checking records and students logbooks


The HT is responsible for checking that the student is qualified in all aspects to commence
training.
The FI is responsible for completing relevant documentation as soon as practicable after the
each training day and post-flight briefing is finished:
Theoretical Training Form (Appendix 1);

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Flight Training Form (Appendix 2);


Student Pilot Logbook;
Flight(s) documentation envelope.

1.13 The nature and frequency of record checks


Due to very short period of the training, record checks in a training period are not obligated.
The CMM undertakes systematic, at least once per month, training records checks.
The findings shall be reported on monthly Management Meetings and immediately delivered
to the audited instructor personally for corrective actions if necessary.

1.14 Standardisation of entries in training records


Student Application form (refer to OM Chapter 7, 7.6Student Application) is to be completed
by the student and handed to the HT by allocated FI. Flight instruction shall not commence until
the form is checked and signed by the HT or his nominated responsible instructor.
TMG ATO Manual and Safety Instructions Signature Sheet (refer to OM Chapter 7,
7.2 Manual and Safety Instructions Signature Sheet (TMG ATO students)) is to be completed
by the CMM (or nominated instructor for this purpose) and undersigned by student.
The recommendation for TMG class rating skill is to be signed by the HT (Appendix 2/TM), the
completed training record folder is to be presented to the LV CAA designated examiner before
to conduct the skill test.
For complete Student training record folder refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.21 Flight Crew
Qualification Records.

1.15 Rules concerning Log book entries


Students Pilot Logbooks are to be completed in accordance with AMC1 FCL.050.
Students Pilot Logbook entries must be completed during de-briefing after training flights,
Endorsements in logbook must be completed before starting student's solo flights and signed
by FI.
All training flights are to be clearly identified as such and must include details of exercises
carried out. At the completion of the training course the Student Pilot Logbook is to be
presented to the HT and after checking signed by him or by his nominated responsible FI.
More detailed description of Pilot Logbook entries refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.27 Pilots' Log
Books.

1.16 Safety training


Each staff member and student before enrolling flying courses must receive classroom safety
training. SM is responsible for keeping adequate records (Appendix 1/2 OM).

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1.16.1 Emergency drills (frequency)


Emergency drills are included in exercise Ex 1.e
Due to very short flight training program undertaken it does not require to do emergency
training drills repeatedly if emergency exercises were completed successfully at the first time.

1.16.2 Dual checks (frequency at various stages)


Due to very short flight training program undertaken it does not require doing dual checks
repeatedly

1.17 Requirements before first solo day/navigation or any other major step of
the training.
It is the FI responsibility, that all knowledge tests and training exercises according to the
program before first solo completed successfully and properly documented.
For first SOLO with TMG circuit flight student shall complete:
Theoretical Training,
Exercise 1 through Exercise 14
All student's training records shall be completed including endorsement in student log
book,
Aero navigation situation is favourable and meteorological conditions are at or above
minimum (refer to OM Chapter 3, 3.7 Landing);
Student is fit and ready for flight in normal conditions and prepared for emergency,
The 2-3 dual flights at the same day before solo are completed without remarks.
For first SOLO with TMG cross country flight student shall complete:
Theoretical Training,
Exercise 1 through Exercise 15,
All student's training records shall be completed including endorsement in student log
book,
Aero navigation situation is favourable and meteorological conditions are at or above
minimum (refer to OM Chapter 3, 3.7 Landing);
Student is fit and ready for flight in normal conditions and prepared for emergency.

1.18 Tests and examinations

1.18.1 Theoretical Knowledge


Progress tests.
Due to short term of training, progress tests are not applicable.
Theoretical knowledge examinations.
refer to 1.4.2 on page 13 and refer to 1.6.2 on page 19

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1.18.2 Flying
Progress checks.
Due short term of training (3 - 6hrs) Progress tests are not applicable.
Skill tests.
At the end of the course (before skill test) the student shall demonstrate to the HT/FI his flying
skills as PIC:
operate the airplane within its limitations in normal and nonstandard situations;
complete all manoeuvres with smoothness and accuracy;
exercise good judgment and airmanship, TEM;
apply aeronautical knowledge;
maintain control of the aircraft at all times in such a manner that the successful
outcome of a procedure or manoeuvre is never seriously in doubt;
be able to demonstrate aircraft handling tolerances.

1.19 Training effectiveness

1.19.1 Individual responsibilities.


The HT is responsible for supervising the progress of individual students and has the overall
responsibility for the standard of the ground and flight training from FI.

1.19.2 General assessment


Flight instructors are to bring to the attention of the HT any concerns regarding the adequacy
of the progress being made by their students well before the program is completed.

1.20 Liaison between departments


Not applicable

1.21 Identification of unsatisfactory progress (individual students)


AMC 1FCL.235

Before completion of every exercise an applicant should demonstrate the ability to:
operate the aircraft within its limitations;
complete all manoeuvres with smoothness and accuracy;
exercise good judgment and airmanship;
apply aeronautical knowledge;
maintain control of the aeroplane at all times in such a manner that the successful
outcome of a procedure or manoeuvre is never seriously in doubt.
The following limits are for general guidance:
height: normal flight 150 ft;

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heading or tracking of radio aids: normal flight 10;


speed:
take-off and approach +15/-5 knots;
all other flight regimes 15 knots.
In case of student's unsatisfactory progress FI shall report to the HT by email or personally
including all necessary information and documentation about student's training.

1.22 Actions to correct unsatisfactory progress


If an applicant cannot demonstrate his skills accordingly to the requirements (see 1.21. above)
the instructor reports to the HT.
The problem shall be discussed with the student and the decision shall be taken by HT
regarding the additional training or termination the training. (Appendix 7/OM).

1.23 Procedure for changing instructors


This decision shall be taken exclusively by the HT and recorded in TMG ATO Standartization
Training form (Appendix 14 OM). Before commencing the flight training with new appointed
student extended pre flight briefing shall be done.

1.24 Maximum number of instructor changes per student


Maximum number of instructor changes is one.

1.25 Procedure for suspending a student from training


Suspension from training may be considered when:
The student, after completing adequate remedial training cannot demonstrate the
ability to reach the required standards;
The student, after completing adequate remedial training continue to demonstrate an
unsuitable attitude or behaviour such that be considered unsafe to act as PIC on
TMG;
Violation of TMG ATO policies and/or procedures;
Violation of drug and/or alcohol laws;
Showing up under influence of alcohol or drugs during the course.
Suspension from training may also be considered if the HT concludes that a student lacks the
ability to complete the training course successfully;
Before suspending a student from training the HT is to investigate the circumstances
thoroughly, discussing the matter with all interested parties, including the student and
instructor concerned;

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The student are to be notified in writing of student's suspension and the reasons for it
(Appendix 7 OM Student Suspension form). TMG ATO shall provide full information about
student on request of the LV CAA.

1.26 Discipline
Every student has the responsibility to be fully acquainted and comply with the provisions of
national aviation legislation and the TMG ATO Operations and Training Manuals;
If a student consistently fails to meet the completion standards related to the flight training or
theoretical knowledge; or displays an irresponsible attitude or demonstrates a clear and
distinct lack of aptitude or any other behaviour not consistent with the TMG pilot requirements,
suspension from training may be considered (refer to OM Chapter 1, 1.10 Student Discipline).

1.27 Reporting and documentation


Details of a student's suspension will be recorded in the student's training file. A student must
be advised in writing of any intention to suspend or terminate his training before such action is
taken.
Any deviations from training standards are to be documented and reported to the HT;
For documentation Student's suspension form is in use (Appendix 7 / OM).

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CHAPTER 2 INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS

2.1 General
The order in which exercise are arranged in the table above represents the course in ideal
conditions of weather, aircraft serviceability and student availability.
Instructors may vary the order of progression through the syllabus subject to the following
restrictions:
Recoveries from stalls must have been demonstrated and practised before solo;
Before 80 nm or solo cross - country flight the student must have been given dual
training on two different aerodromes, operation at minimum altitude (navigation at
lower levels), an unscheduled diversion and lost procedure.

2.2 Briefing
Immediately prior each flight, a pre-flight briefing is to be given. This briefing will include details
of the order in which the exercise will be flown, the division of responsibility during the flight
and the expected standards to be achieved.
Airmanship, TEM and flight safety consideration are to be included in pre-flight briefings.
When conducting any briefing, the following objectives should be met:
aim of the lesson;
plan of the lesson, including exercises, route of the flight;
technique and key-points of the exercises to be completed;
revision of the notes and remarks from the previous exercises;
safety briefing, identifying flight - and exercise-specific threats;
questions from student.
Pre-flight briefing shall be:
as efficient as possible in terms of content and information provided;
positive and encouraging;
time-efficient (around 30 min)
NOTE: In case if student is not fully prepared for the flight lesson, instructor may cancel the
training flight or offer a revised plan for the training flight, subject to student's
acceptance.

2.3 De-briefing
As well as completing after-flight administration (completion of logbooks, technical records
etc.), it is essential that the student is left in no doubt to his performance during the flight and
any areas that require more work. The content of debriefing must match the corresponding
entry in the students training record.
During post-flight briefing following subjects shall be discussed:

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comments and remarks regarding completed lesson;


students progress and results;
any problems or faults, providing methods for improvement;
questions from student;
topics of the next lesson;

2.4 Flight Instructions


Flight instruction will compromise demonstration and student practise of the individual flight
exercise. Where degree of control movement is critical to the successful outcome of
manoeuvre, the instructor may require the student to "follow through" (i.e. feel the movement
of the controls being made by the instructor).

2.5 Glossary of Terms

TERM DEFINITION
Credit Recognition of alternative means or prior qualifications
A flight between a point of departure and point of arrival following a pre-
Cross- Country
planned route using standard navigation procedures
Flight time from the moment an aircraft first moves for purpose of taking off
Flight Time (FCL010)
until the moment it finally comes to rest at the end of the flight
Flight time or instrument ground time during which a person receiving flight
Dual (instruction time)
instructions from properly authorized instructor
Solo (flight time) Flight time during which a student pilot is the sole occupant of an aircraft

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CHAPTER 3 Briefing and Air Exercise

3.1 Air Exercises

Ex 1 Familiarization with the TMG


Aim To learn the characteristics of the TMG used on the course.
The characteristics of the TMG:
Cockpit layout
Briefing
Airframe and engine systems
Use of the check list(s) and drills
Air Exercise N/A
Completion Standard N/A

Ex 1e Emergency Procedures
Aim To learn essential emergency procedures
Emergency Drills
Action in the event of a fire on the ground or in the air:
Engine fire
Cockpit/cabin fire
Briefing
Electrical fire
System failure drills as applicable to TMG
Escape exits
Escape drills including use of emergency equipment
Air Exercise N/A
Completion Standard N/A

Ex 2 Preparation for and Action After Flight


To learn the actions required before flight and how to secure the aircraft
Aim
after flight.
Flight authorization and aircraft acceptance
Serviceability documents
Equipment required for flight (maps, etc.)
External & internal checks
Harness, seat and rudder pedal adjustment, (student comfort)
Briefing
Starting and after starting checks
System/power/serviceability checks (as applicable)
Closing down/shutting down the aircraft (including system checks)
Parking, leaving the aircraft (including safety/security as applicable)
Completion of the authorization sheet and aircraft serviceability documents

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Ex 2 Preparation for and Action After Flight


Air Exercise N/A
Completion Standard N/A

Ex 3 Taxiing
Aim To learn to manoeuvre the aircraft on the ground
Pre-taxi checks
Starting, control of speed and stopping
Engine handling
Control of direction and turning
Turning in confined spaces
Parking area procedure and precautions
Ground Exercise
Effects of wind and use of flying controls
Effects of ground surface
Freedom of rudder movement
Marshalling signals
Instrument checks
Air traffic control procedures
Completion Standard Demonstrate the ability to manoeuvre the aircraft safely on the ground

Ex 3e Brake and steering failure


To learn to manoeuvre the aircraft on the ground with brake and steering
Aim
faults
Long wing span effect
Ground Exercise Control of direction and stopping
Action
Completion Standard Demonstrate the ability to stop the TMG safely on the ground. Post actions.

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Ex 4 Level Flight
To learn to fly the TMG in a constant direction, at a constant level and in
Aim
balance, at selected power settings, with and without engine power
At normal Cruising Power:
Attaining and Maintaining Straight and Level Flight
Demonstration of Inherent Stability
Control in Pitch, including use of Elevator Trim control
Air Exercise Lateral Level, Direction and Balance
At Selected Airspeeds (Use of Power):
Effect of Drag and use of Power (Two Airspeeds for one Power
Setting)
Use of Instruments to achieve Precision Flight
Airmanship
Achieve and maintain straight & level flight, in balance, within:
Completion Standard
Height +/- 150ft, Heading +/- 10, Speed +/- 15kts

Ex 5 Climbing
To learn to enter and maintain a climb in a constant direction and to level off
Aim
at selected altitudes/heights
Entry and maintaining the normal Maximum Rate Climb
Levelling Off
Levelling Off at Selected Altitudes
Recovery to normal Climb
Air Exercise
En Route Climb (Cruise Climb)
Maximum Angle of Climb
Use of Instruments to achieve Precision Flight
Airmanship
Enter a climb maintaining direction within +/- 10. Maintain a steady climb
whilst maintaining heading within +/- 10 and speed within +/- 15kts. Level
Completion Standard
from a climb within 150ft of a selected altitude/height maintaining heading
within +/-10. Display basic airmanship

Ex 6 Descending
To learn to enter and maintain a descent in a constant direction and to level
Aim
off at selected altitudes/heights

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Ex 6 Descending
Entry and maintaining the Glide
Levelling Off
Levelling Off at Selected Altitudes
Air Exercise Powered Descent - Cruise Descent (inc. effect of Power/Airspeed)
Off Power Descend (Glide)
Use of Instrument to achieve Precision Flight
Airmanship
Enter a descent maintaining direction within +/- 10. Maintain a constant rate
of descent whilst maintaining heading within +/- 10 and speed within +/-
Completion Standard
15kts. Level from a descent within 150ft of a selected altitude/height
maintaining heading within +/- 10. Display basic airmanship

Ex 7 Turning
To learn to complete a level turn at medium angles of bank onto selected
Aim
headings
Entry and maintaining Medium Level Turns
Resuming straight flight
Faults in the Turn (incorrect Pitch, Bank, Balance)
Climbing Turns
Air Exercise Descending Turns
Slipping Turns (on suitable types)
Turns to Selected Headings, use of Gyro Heading Indicator and Compass
Use of Instruments to achieve Precision flight
Airmanship
Enter a turn at 30AOB maintaining level flight within +/- 150ft and
maintaining balance. Maintain a constant angle of bank whilst maintaining
Completion Standard level flight within +/- 150ft and speed within +/- 15kts, in balance. Recover to
straight and level flight on a selected heading within +/- 10 whilst
maintaining level flight within +/- 150ft, in balance. Display basic airmanship.

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Ex 8a Slow Flight
Aim To learn to manoeuvre the aircraft safely at slow speed
Airmanship
Safety Checks
Introduction to Slow Flight
Controlled Slow Flight in the Clean Configuration at with engine power:
Vs1 + 10 knots
Vso + 10 knots
Straight & Level Flight
Controlled Slow Flight in the Clean Configuration with engine power:
Vs1 + 5 knots
Vso + 5 knots
Air Exercise Straight & Level Flight
Application of full power with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal
climb speed
Controlled Slow Flight in the Clean Configuration at with engine power off:
Vs1 + 10 knots
Vso + 10 knots
Controlled Slow Flight in the Clean Configuration with engine power:
Vs1 + 5 knots
Vso + 5 knots
Application with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal descend
speed
Demonstrate the ability to manoeuvre the aircraft safely at slow speed.
Completion Standard
Display basic airmanship

Ex 8b Stalling
To recognise and recover from an approaching stall with minimum height
Aim loss. To learn the effect of the stalling characteristics of the TMG with engine
ON on and OFF
Airmanship - Safety checks
The symptoms of the Stall
Stall Recognition & Recovery:
Recovery Without Power
Air Exercise
Recovery With Power
Recovery when a Wing Drops at the Stall
Approach to stall in the approach and in the landing configuration,
with and without power, recovery at the incipient stage
Demonstrate the ability to recognise the signs of the approaching stall,
Completion Standard particularly in the landing and approach configurations, and to execute the
standard recovery, minimising height loss. Display basic airmanship

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Ex 9 Take-off & Climb to Downwind Position


To learn to take-off, enter the climb and position the aircraft on the downwind
Aim
leg of the circuit
Pre-take-off checks
Into wind take-off
Crosswind take-off
Drills during and after take-off
Air Exercise
Short take-off and soft field procedure/techniques including performance
calculations
Noise abatement procedures
Airmanship
Demonstrate the ability to follow the correct circuit pattern. Display basic
Completion Standard
airmanship

Ex 10 The Circuit, Approach and Landing


Aim To learn to take-off and land facing into wind, crosswind and downwind
Circuit procedures, downwind, base leg
Powered approach and landing
Effect of wind on approach and touchdown speeds, use of flaps
Crosswind approach and landing
Air Exercise Glide approach and landing
Short landing and soft field procedures/techniques
Wheel landing
Noise abatement procedures
Airmanship
Demonstrate the ability to follow the correct circuit pattern, to maintain the
Completion Standard correct approach path and safely land the TMG in various configurations
Display basic airmanship

Ex 9/10e Emergencies
To learn to take the correct actions in the event of an emergency occurring
Aim
in the circuit area
Aborted take-off
Engine failure after take-off
Air Exercise
Mislanding / go-around
Missed approach
Demonstrate the ability to carry out the correct actions in the event of an
Completion Standard
emergency occurring in the circuit area.

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Ex 11 Advanced Turning
To learn to turn the aircraft at high angles of bank (45-60) and to recognise
Aim
and recover from a stall in the turn with minimum height loss
Steep turns (45), level and descending
Stalling in the turn and recovery
Air Exercise
Recoveries from unusual attitudes, including spiral dives
Airmanship
Enter a turn at 45AOB maintaining level flight within +/- 150ft and
maintaining balance. Maintain a constant angle of bank whilst maintaining
level flight within +/- 150ft and speed within +/- 15kts, in balance. Recover to
Completion Standard straight and level flight on a selected heading within +10 whilst maintaining
level flight within +/- 150ft, in balance. Carry out checks and drills in
accordance with the aircraft checklist. Make RT calls in accordance with
CAP413. Display basic airmanship

Ex 12 Stopping and restarting the engine


To learn to stop and restart engine in varios stages of flight and Sailpane
Aim
operating procedures
Engine cooling
Switching off procedure in flight
Air Exercise
Sailplane operating procedures
Restarting procedure
Safelly switch off and re-start engine in flight.
Completion Standard
Display basic sailplane operating procedures and airmanship

Ex 13 Forced Landing Without Power


To learn to make a safe approach and landing after a partial or complete
Aim
engine failure

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Ex 13 Forced Landing Without Power


Forced landing procedure
Choice of landing area, provision for change of plan
Gliding distance
Descent plan
Key positions
Engine cooling
Air Exercise Engine failure checks
Use of radio
Base leg
Final approach
Landing
Actions after landing
Airmanship
Demonstrate the ability to make an approach to a suitable landing area with
a realistic chance of landing safely in the selected area and recover to the
climb
Completion Standard
Carry out checks and drills in accordance with the aircraft checklist
Make RT calls
Display appropriate airmanship

Ex 14 Precautionary Landing
Aim To learn to learn to land the aircraft safely other than at the planned airfield
Full procedure away from aerodrome to break-off height
Occasions necessitating
In-flight conditions
Landing area selection:
Normal aerodrome
Air Exercise
Disused aerodrome
Ordinary field
Circuit and approach
Actions after landing
Airmanship
Carry out checks and drills in accordance with the aircraft checklist
Completion Standard Make RT calls in accordance with CAP413
Display appropriate airmanship

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Ex 15 Navigation
Aim To learn to plan a cross-country flight and to navigate by visual reference
Flight planning
Weather forecast and actual - map selection and preparation - choice of
route - controlled airspace - danger, prohibited and restricted areas - safety
altitudes

Calculations
Magnetic heading(s) and time(s) en-route - fuel consumption - mass and
balance - mass and performance

Flight information
NOTAMS etc. - radio frequencies - selection of alternate aerodromes -
aeroplane documentation

Notification of the flight


Air Exercise pre-flight administrative procedures - flight plan form

Departure & En-route


Organisation of cockpit workload - altimeter settings - ATC liaison in
controlled/regulated airspace - setting heading procedure - noting of ETAs -
maintenance of altitude and heading - revisions of ETA and heading - log
keeping - use of radio - use of navaids - minimum weather conditions for
continuation of flight - in-flight decisions - transiting controlled/regulated
airspace - diversion procedures - uncertainty of position procedure - lost
procedure

Arrival, aerodrome joining procedure


ATC liaison in controlled/regulated airspace - altimeter setting - entering the
traffic pattern - circuit procedures - parking - security of TMG - refueling -
closing of flight plan, if appropriate - post-flight administrative procedures
Correctly employ pre-flight planning facilities and techniques.
Employ correct VFR navigational techniques while maintaining heading +/-
Completion Standard 10, height/altitude +/- 150ft and speed +/- 15kts.
Carry out checks and drills in accordance with the aircraft checklist
Make RT calls. Display appropriate airmanship.

Ex 15a Navigation Problems at Lower Levels & in Reduced Visibility


Aim To learn to navigate accurately at low level and in reduced visibility

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Ex 15a Navigation Problems at Lower Levels & in Reduced Visibility


Actions prior to descending
Hazards (e.g. obstacles, and terrain)
Difficulties of map reading
Effects of wind and turbulence
Air Exercise
Vertical situational awareness (avoidance of controlled flight into terrain)
Avoidance of noise sensitive areas
Joining the circuit
Bad weather circuit and landing
Correctly employ pre-flight planning facilities and techniques.
Employ correct VFR navigational techniques while maintaining heading +/-
Completion Standard 10, height/altitude +/- 150ft and speed +/- 15kts.
Carry out checks and drills in accordance with the aircraft checklist.
Make RT calls; Display appropriate airmanship.

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CHAPTER 4 APPENDICES

4.1 THEORETICAL TRAINING (Appendix 1)

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4.2 FLIGHT TRAINING (Appendix 2)

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4.3 COURSE COMPLETION CERTIFICATE (Appendix 3)

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