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Momentum & Energy Unit Goals

3.1 Momentum

3.1.1 Impulse and Momentum 𝑝 = 𝑚𝑣 𝐽 = 𝐹𝑛𝑒𝑡 𝑡 = ∆𝑝 3.1.2B Inelastic Collisions 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = (𝑚1 + 𝑚2 )𝑣
Know: Know:
- Definitions of impulse and momentum. - Definitions of the term: inelastic collision.

Understand Understand
- The relationship between momentum, mass, speed, impulse, force, - The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a
and time. collision. In an elastic collision there will be two objects before the
collision and one object after the collision.
Be able to
- Determine starting and/or ending momentum in a system with known Be able to
mass and speed. - Determine the total momentum of a system with two objects.
- Determine speed of an object given its mass and momentum. - Determine the final speed of the combined objects after a collision.
- Determine impulse based on net force and time. - Determine the speed of an object before a collision.
- Determine impulse based on a change in momentum.
- Use impulse to determine a change in momentum and then a change
in speed.
- Select/sketch a vector that shows the magnitude and direction of a
momentum and/or impulse.

3.1.2C Pop-Apart/Stop After Collision 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = 0
Know:
- Definition of the term: “pop apart”.

3.1.2A Elastic Collisions 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 Understand
Know: - The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a
- Definitions of the term: elastic collision. collision. In this type of interaction the system either begins or ends
with a momentum of zero.
Understand
- The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a Be able to
collision. In an elastic collision there will be two objects before the - Determine the final speed of an object that is released at the same
collision and two objects after the collision. time as another object.
- Determine the initial speed of an object that collides with another
Be able to object and comes to a stop.
- Determine the total momentum of a system with two objects. - Determine the mass of an object that is released at the same time as
- Determine the final speed of an object after a collision. another object.
- Determine the speed of an object before a collision. - Determine the mass of an object that collides with another object and
- Determine the mass of an object in an elastic collision. comes to a stop.
3.2 Energy
3.2.1C Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Spring System)
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3.2.1A Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Horizontal) 𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 𝑃𝐸𝑆 = 𝑘𝑥 2
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𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 𝐾𝐸 = 𝑚𝑣 2 Know:
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Know: - Definitions and equations for work and elastic potential energy.
- Definitions and equations for work and kinetic energy.

Understand Understand
- Conditions under which work is done and kinetic energy gained. - Conditions under which work is done and elastic potential energy
gained.
Be able to
- Calculate work done using net force and distance of travel. Be able to
- Determine the kinetic energy of an object based on mass and speed. - Determine the elastic potential energy stored in a spring.
- Determine the amount of kinetic energy gained by calculating work. - Determine the distance that a spring is stretched/compressed when a
- Determine the amount of work needed to change an object’s kinetic specific amount of work is done.
energy by a specific amount. - Determine the amount of work needed to change a spring’s potential
- Select/sketch a graph of kinetic energy vs. speed. energy by a specific amount.
- Select/sketch a graph of elastic potential energy vs. distance.

3.2.1B Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Vertical) 3.2.2A Conservation of Energy (Horizontal) 𝐸𝑇 = 𝑃𝐸 + 𝐾𝐸 + 𝑄
𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 ∆𝑃𝐸 = 𝑚𝑔∆ℎ Know:
Know: - Equation for Law of Conservation of Energy.
- Definitions and equations for work and gravitational potential energy.
Understand
Understand - How energy changes from one form to another in a horizontal motion
- Conditions under which work is done and potential energy gained. system.

Be able to Be able to
- Determine the gravitational potential energy of an object. - Determine the amount of work needed to generate a specific amount
- Determine the amount of height gained when a specific amount of of kinetic and/or internal energy.
work is done. - Determine the amount of work done by friction in a horizontal motion
- Determine the amount of work needed to change an object’s potential system given a discrepancy in or a loss of kinetic energy.
energy by a specific amount.
- Select/sketch a graph of gravitational potential energy vs. height.
3.2.2A Conservation of Energy (Vertical) 𝐸𝑇 = 𝑃𝐸 + 𝐾𝐸 + 𝑄
Know:
- Equation for Law of Conservation of Energy.

Understand
- How energy changes from one form to another in a vertical motion
system.

Be able to
- Determine the change in potential/kinetic/internal energy in a system
in which height, speed, and/or temperature change.
- Determine the amount of work done by friction in a system given a
discrepancy between starting and ending total mechanical energies.

𝑊 𝐹𝑑
3.2.3 Mechanical Power 𝑃= = = 𝐹𝑣̅
𝑡 𝑡
Know:
- Definition and equation for power.

Understand
- The relationship between power, work, and time.

Be able to
- Calculate power given work and time; force, distance and time; or
force and average speed.