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You are on page 1of 3

3.1 Momentum

**3.1.1 Impulse and Momentum 𝑝 = 𝑚𝑣 𝐽 = 𝐹𝑛𝑒𝑡 𝑡 = ∆𝑝 3.1.2B Inelastic Collisions 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = (𝑚1 + 𝑚2 )𝑣
**

Know: Know:

- Definitions of impulse and momentum. - Definitions of the term: inelastic collision.

Understand Understand

- The relationship between momentum, mass, speed, impulse, force, - The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a

and time. collision. In an elastic collision there will be two objects before the

collision and one object after the collision.

Be able to

- Determine starting and/or ending momentum in a system with known Be able to

mass and speed. - Determine the total momentum of a system with two objects.

- Determine speed of an object given its mass and momentum. - Determine the final speed of the combined objects after a collision.

- Determine impulse based on net force and time. - Determine the speed of an object before a collision.

- Determine impulse based on a change in momentum.

- Use impulse to determine a change in momentum and then a change

in speed.

- Select/sketch a vector that shows the magnitude and direction of a

momentum and/or impulse.

**3.1.2C Pop-Apart/Stop After Collision 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = 0
**

Know:

- Definition of the term: “pop apart”.

**3.1.2A Elastic Collisions 𝑝𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 = 𝑝𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 = 𝑚1 𝑣1 + 𝑚2 𝑣2 Understand
**

Know: - The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a

- Definitions of the term: elastic collision. collision. In this type of interaction the system either begins or ends

with a momentum of zero.

Understand

- The total momentum in a system will be the same before and after a Be able to

collision. In an elastic collision there will be two objects before the - Determine the final speed of an object that is released at the same

collision and two objects after the collision. time as another object.

- Determine the initial speed of an object that collides with another

Be able to object and comes to a stop.

- Determine the total momentum of a system with two objects. - Determine the mass of an object that is released at the same time as

- Determine the final speed of an object after a collision. another object.

- Determine the speed of an object before a collision. - Determine the mass of an object that collides with another object and

- Determine the mass of an object in an elastic collision. comes to a stop.

3.2 Energy

3.2.1C Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Spring System)

1

3.2.1A Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Horizontal) 𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 𝑃𝐸𝑆 = 𝑘𝑥 2

2

1

𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 𝐾𝐸 = 𝑚𝑣 2 Know:

2

Know: - Definitions and equations for work and elastic potential energy.

- Definitions and equations for work and kinetic energy.

Understand Understand

- Conditions under which work is done and kinetic energy gained. - Conditions under which work is done and elastic potential energy

gained.

Be able to

- Calculate work done using net force and distance of travel. Be able to

- Determine the kinetic energy of an object based on mass and speed. - Determine the elastic potential energy stored in a spring.

- Determine the amount of kinetic energy gained by calculating work. - Determine the distance that a spring is stretched/compressed when a

- Determine the amount of work needed to change an object’s kinetic specific amount of work is done.

energy by a specific amount. - Determine the amount of work needed to change a spring’s potential

- Select/sketch a graph of kinetic energy vs. speed. energy by a specific amount.

- Select/sketch a graph of elastic potential energy vs. distance.

**3.2.1B Work/Energy Principle (Frictionless, Vertical) 3.2.2A Conservation of Energy (Horizontal) 𝐸𝑇 = 𝑃𝐸 + 𝐾𝐸 + 𝑄
**

𝑊 = 𝐹𝑑 = ∆𝐸𝑇 ∆𝑃𝐸 = 𝑚𝑔∆ℎ Know:

Know: - Equation for Law of Conservation of Energy.

- Definitions and equations for work and gravitational potential energy.

Understand

Understand - How energy changes from one form to another in a horizontal motion

- Conditions under which work is done and potential energy gained. system.

Be able to Be able to

- Determine the gravitational potential energy of an object. - Determine the amount of work needed to generate a specific amount

- Determine the amount of height gained when a specific amount of of kinetic and/or internal energy.

work is done. - Determine the amount of work done by friction in a horizontal motion

- Determine the amount of work needed to change an object’s potential system given a discrepancy in or a loss of kinetic energy.

energy by a specific amount.

- Select/sketch a graph of gravitational potential energy vs. height.

3.2.2A Conservation of Energy (Vertical) 𝐸𝑇 = 𝑃𝐸 + 𝐾𝐸 + 𝑄

Know:

- Equation for Law of Conservation of Energy.

Understand

- How energy changes from one form to another in a vertical motion

system.

Be able to

- Determine the change in potential/kinetic/internal energy in a system

in which height, speed, and/or temperature change.

- Determine the amount of work done by friction in a system given a

discrepancy between starting and ending total mechanical energies.

𝑊 𝐹𝑑

3.2.3 Mechanical Power 𝑃= = = 𝐹𝑣̅

𝑡 𝑡

Know:

- Definition and equation for power.

Understand

- The relationship between power, work, and time.

Be able to

- Calculate power given work and time; force, distance and time; or

force and average speed.

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