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L. S. Villaseñor Cerón1*, D. Mendoza Anaya 2, J. A. Arenas Alatorre 3, H. López Ruiz4, K.
Alemán 5 y V. Rodríguez Lugo4
1 Universidad Tecnológica de Tulancingo. Camino a Ahuehuetitla #301, Col. Las Presas, C.P. 43642.
2Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares; Carr. México-Toluca s/n La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Edo. de
México C.P. 52750, México.
3Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Circuito de la Investigación Científica

S/N, Ciudad
Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, 01000 Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal, México
4Área Académica de Ciencias de la Tierra y Materiales, Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad

Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Carretera Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, 42184.
5 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Área Académica de Computación y

Electrónica, Carretera Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, C.P. 42184, Pachuca, Hidalgo,


Hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2] is a ceramic material that is widely used as a biomaterial
within the area of medicine. However, currently found that hydroxyapatite (HAp) presents a
thermoluminescent behavior when it is exposed to ionizing radiation. Studies also show that
the degree of crystallinity and presence of dopants can modify the thermoluminescent
response of the materials [1]. So, there is the possibility to synthesize HAp doped with silver
nanoparticles [AgNP's] to study and understand the thermoluminescent behavior of this
nanosystem when it is exposed to ionizing radiation field [1,2]. This work focuses on the
study of the thermoluminescent signal of HAp doped with AgNP's when it is exposed o
gamma radiation. Initially, silver nanoparticles were synthesized via colloidal method with
different average particle sizes from 17 to 64 nm with a spherical morphology, according to
scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV (UV-vis) spectroscopy analysis. On the other
hand, HAp was synthesized by the microwave hydrothermal method; AgNP's were added
during the synthesis in a proportion of 0.5 wt %. A complementary study on AgNP's doped
HAp was performed using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
techniques; fiber structures with average sizes from 20 to 40 nm in diameter were observed.
Results obtained show that AgNP's doped Hap could be considered as a dosimeter material
to quantify the intensity of the ionizing radiation field.

Keywords: Nano-hydroxyapatite, silver nanoparticles and thermoluminescent.


[1] Mendoza Anaya, D. , Miguel Lobato, Edén Custodio, Efrain Rubio, P. R. González
Martínez, and V. Rodríguez Lugo. n.d. "Análisis de la señal termoluminiscente en la
Hidroxiapatita." 1-7.

" XII International Symposium/XXII National Congress on Solid State Dosimetry 164-176. 2011. .[2] Rivera. "Termoluminiscencia en dosimetría médica. T.