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ULUBELU

PT. PLN (PERSERO)

ULUBELU GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANT PROJECT

CONTRACT NO : 050.PJ/041/DIR/2010

DOCUMENT NO :

TITLE : CALCULATION SHEET


FOR POWERHOUSE &
CONDENSER SHELTER
STRUCTURE
PURPOSE :

For Approval

Rev. Description Prepared Checked Approved Date


0 Issue For Approval RF NIEL / IJ 03 Sep '10

1 IW NIEL / IJ 17 Jan '11

INTERNAL DOCUMENT NO :

Sumitomo Corporation

ULB-E-1-C4-CS-001A
PT REKAYASA INDUSTRI
ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
Subject Page

1. GENERAL 3
1.1 Outline Of Structure 3
1.2 Design Philosophy 3
1.3 Unit Of Measurement 3
1.4 Computer Software Used in Design Analysis 3
1.5 Code, Standard, and Specification 3
1.6 Used Material And Allowable Stress 4

2. MODELLING 4
2.1 Perspective View 4
2.2 Node Numbers 5
2.3 Member Numbers 17

3. LOADING DATA 28
3.1 Primary Loads 28
3.2 Load Combinations 47

4. DESIGN ANALYSIS 50
4.1 Steel Summary Design 50
4.2 Deflection & Sway Check 65

ATTACHMENTS
Attachment A - Staad Input & Output File
Attachment B - Engineering Drawing

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1. GENERAL

1.1 OUTLINE OF STRUCTURE

Project Name : ULUBELU GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT


Client : PT. PLN (Persero)
Location : Ulubelu, Sumatera
Structure : Power House
Foundation Type : Bored Pile & Shallow Foundation

1.2 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

The purpose of this calculation is to design Power House and its structural integrity, strength,
and stability verivication.

Since concrete and steel are used as material, structural design shall be in accordance to
working stress method for steel structure and the ultimate strength method for concrete
structure as specified in AISC and ACI code respectively.

1.3 UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

Unit of measurement in design shall be in metric system.

1.4 COMPUTER SOFTWARE USED IN DESIGN ANALYSIS

Used of Computer Software used id design analysis as follow:


- Staad Pro
- Math Cad
- MS-Excel

1.5 CODE, STANDARD, AND SPECIFICATION

ASCE 7-2002 : Minimum Design Loads for Building and Other Structure
SNI-03-1726-2002 : Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa Untuk Bangunan
(Indonesian Seismic Code)
ACI 318-02 : Building Code Requirement for Reinforced Concrete
ASTM : American Society for Testing and Material
SNI 03-1727-1989 : Pedoman Perencanaan Pembebanan untuk Rumah dan Gedung
(Indonesian Loading Code)
SNI 03-1729-2002 : Tata Cara Perencanaa Struktur Baja untuk Bangunan Gedung
(Indonesian Steel Code)
AISC-ASD 1989 : American Institute of Steel Construction
JIS : Japanese Industrial Standard
ULB-E-3-C0-GS-001 : Design Specification for Civil and Structural

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1.6 USED MATERIAL AND ALLOWABLE STRESS
2
Compressive concrete strength : fc := 250 kg cm
2
Yield strength of steel : fyp := 2400kg cm (Steel Structure & Plain Rebar)
2
fy := 4000 kg cm (Deform Rebar)
3
Specific gravity of reinf. concrete : c := 2400 kg m
3
Specific gravity of steel : s := 7850 kg m

2. MODELLING
2.1 PERSPECTIVE VIEW

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Overall Dimension

2.2 NODE NUMBERS

Plan FL +0000

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Plan FL +5500 Plan FL +9230

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Plan FL +10000 Plan Roof-1

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Plan Roof-2 Plan Roof-3

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Framing Elevation - Line 1

Framing Elevation - Line 2

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Framing Elevation - Line 3

Framing Elevation - Line 4 & 4a

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Framing Elevation - Line 5

Framing Elevation - Line 6

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Framing Elevation - Line 7 & 7a

Framing Elevation - Line 8

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Framing Elevation - Line 9

Framing Elevation - Line 10

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Framing Elevation - Line 11

Framing Elevation - Line 12

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Framing Elevation - Line 13

Framing Elevation - Line A

Framing Elevation - Line A1

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Framing Elevation - Line C

Framing Elevation - Line D

Framing Elevation - Line E

Framing Elevation - Line F

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2.3 MEMBER NUMBERS

Plan FL +5500 Plan FL +9230

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Plan FL +10000 Plan Roof-1

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Plan Roof-2 Plan Roof-3

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Framing Elevation - Line 1

Framing Elevation - Line 2

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Framing Elevation - Line 3

Framing Elevation - Line 4

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Framing Elevation - Line 5

Framing Elevation - Line 6

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Framing Elevation - Line 7

Framing Elevation - Line 8

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Framing Elevation - Line 9

Framing Elevation - Line 10

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Framing Elevation - Line 11

Framing Elevation - Line 12

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Framing Elevation - Line 13

Framing Elevation - Line A

Framing Elevation - Line B

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Framing Elevation - Line C

Framing Elevation - Line D

Framing Elevation - Line E

Framing Elevation - Line F

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3. LOADING DATA
3.1 PRIMARY LOADS

The available and applied primari loads for Power House are:
1. Seismic Load X+ Direction : VX+
2. Seismic Load Z+ Direction : VZ+
3. Seismic Load X- Direction : VX-
4. Seismic Load Z- Direction : VZ-
5. Dead Load :D
6. Live Load :L
7. Wind Load X+ Direction : WX+
8. Wind Load X- Direction : WX-
9. Wind Load Z+ Direction : WZ+
10. WInd Load Z- Direction : WZ-
11. Crane Operating Load Left : CL(O)
12. Crane Test Load Left : CR(O)
13. Crane Operating Load Right : CL(T)
14. Crane Test Load Right : CR(T)
15. Equipment Operating Load : E(O)
16. Equipment Test Load : E(T)
17. Equipment during Earthquake : E(S)

3.1.1 Dead Load (D)

a. Selfweight of structure (automatically calculated by STAAD Pro)


b. Dead load for roof and wall siding:
- Roof cladding (double skin) = 23.00kg/m2
- Purlin C150x65x20x3.2 @900 mm spacing = 8.34 kg/m2
- Connection plates, bolts, sagrod = 3.00 kg/m2
Total Dead Load = 34.34 kg/m2
c. Dead loar for concrete floor:
- steel deck t = 200 mm, equivalent to concrete full slab t = 150 mm = 360 kg/m2
- steel deck t = 180 mm, equivalent to concrete full slab t = 130 mm = 312 kg/m2

d. Dead load for grating 32 mm thk and joist, = 75 kg/m2

Dead load assignment are provided in tables below.

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3.1.2 Live Load (L)
a. Roof Live Load = 0.96 kN/m2 = 97.86 kg/m2 (IBC-2000 1607.11.2.1)
Roof LL reduction factor
2
LLr = L0 R1 R2 L0 := 100 kg m
2
At := 513m

slope := 23deg

2
R1 := 1.0 if At 18.58 m

1.2 0.01076 At m 2 if 18.58m2 < At < 55.74m2



0.6 otherwise

F := 0.12 tan ( slope) 100 = 5.094

R2 := 1.0 if F 4
( 1.2 0.05 F) if 4 < F < 12
0.6 otherwise

R1 = 0.6 R2 = 0.945

kN kN
0.58 LLr 0.96 2
2 2 LLr = 59.12 m kg
m m

b. Live load to floor at electrical room = 500 kg/m2


c. Live load to floor at operating platform = 1250 kg/m2

Live load assignment are provided in tables below

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3.1.3 Crane Load (CR)

Capacity of Crane for test condition :


- Capacity of Crane : Wcr := 58000kg
- Trolley : Wtr := 2200kg
- Crane Girder : Wgr := 19800kg
- Wheel load : Wl := Wcr + Wtr + 0.5Wgr

Problem asumption : assume maximum reaction of crane obtained at 1 meter distance (L1) from crane
beam

Impact load :
1
1. Vertical = 1/10 of the maximum wheel load 1 :=
10
2. Horizontally with beam direction 1
2 :=
= 1/5 of the crane capacity + trolley 5

3. Longitudinal direction 1
3 :=
= 1/10 of the maximum wheel load 10

Crane beam span : L := 21.7m


Clearance : L1 := 1m
Reaction :
L L1
R1 := ( Wcr + Wtr ) R1 = 57.426 tonne
L

L1
R2 := ( Wcr + Wtr ) R2 = 2.774 tonne
L

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Total load of crane beam on each wheel

Wgr
R1 + + 1 Wl
2
PLcry1 := PLcry1 = 37.168 tonne
2
Wgr
R2 + + 1 Wl
PLcry2 :=
2 PLcry2 = 9.842 tonne
2

[ 2 ( Wcr + Wtr ) ]
PLcrx := PLcrx = 6.02 tonne
2

( 3 Wl )
PLcrz := PLcrz = 3.505 tonne
2

Capacity of Crane for operating condition :

- Capacity of Crane : Wcr := 45000kg


- Trolley : Wtr := 2200kg
- Crane Girder : Wgr := 19800kg
- Wheel load : Wl := Wcr + Wtr + 0.5Wgr

Problem asumption : assume maximum reaction of crane obtained at 1 meter distance (L1) from crane
beam

Impact load :
1
1. Vertical = 1/10 of the maximum wheel load 1 :=
10
2. Horizontally with beam direction 1
2 :=
= 1/5 of the crane capacity + trolley 5
3. Longitudinal direction 1
3 :=
= 1/10 of the maximum wheel load 10

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Crane beam span : L := 21.7m
Clearance : L1 := 1m
Reaction :
L L1
R1 := ( Wcr + Wtr ) R1 = 45.025 tonne
L

L1
R2 := ( Wcr + Wtr ) R2 = 2.175 tonne
L

Total load of crane beam on each wheel

R1 + Wgr + 1 Wl

2
PLcry1 := PLcry1 = 30.317 tonne
2

Wgr
R2 + + 1 Wl
PLcry2 :=
2 PLcry2 = 8.893 tonne
2

[ 2 ( Wcr + Wtr ) ]
PLcrx := PLcrx = 4.72 tonne
2

( 3 Wl )
PLcrz := PLcrz = 2.855 tonne
2

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3.1.4 Wind Load (W)

Wind load is calculated based on ASCE 7-05, in accordance to following


formula:
p = G x Cp x (0.613Kz x Kzt x Kd x V2 x I)
where,
G = gust effect factor (use 0.85)
Cp = external pressure factor (refer ASCE table
below)
Kz = velocity pressure exposure coefficient,
shall be determined in accordance to table 6.4 ASCE 7-05
Kzt = topographic factor (use 1.0)
Kd = wind directional factor (use 0.85)
I = importance factor (use 1.15)
V = basic design wind speed (120 km/h = 33.33 m/s)

X+Dir Wind Load

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X- Dir Wind Load

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Z+ Dir Wind Load

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Z- Dir Wind Load

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3.1.4 Seismic Load (V)

Seismic load shall be calculated in accordance to Design Specification:

V = (CI/R) x Wt

where:
Seismic zone = 6 (Indonesian Seismic Zone)
V = Total base shear (kg)
C = Sesimic Response Factor (function of time period and seismic zone)
I = importance factor
= 1.4 (as per Design Specification)
R = Seismic reduction factor
= 6.5 (as per Design Specification)
Wt = Total dead load and reduced live load (kg)

Total base shear V shall be distributed over height of the building in accordance to following formula:

W i Hi
Fi = V
(
W i Hi )

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where:
Fi = seismic design force applied to joint at level i
V = total base shear
Wi = portion of Wt located at or assigned to level i
Hi = height above base to level i

Seismic load shall be calculated and assigned to Staad using "Auto Seismic Load Generation" by
applying seismic parameters based on UBC-1997, since Staad does not provide Indonesian Seismic
Code (SNI) on its library.
The result of base shear which is generated by Staad shall be compared to manual calculation of base
shear using Indonesian Code (SNI) as described above. Some adjustment shall be applied to seismic
factor on Staad in order to make both total base shear (V) to be the same.

a) Seismic Analysis from Staad result

From figure above, time period which is calculated by Staad is 1.095 s and 1.095 s for X
and Z direction respectively. This value exceeds the natural period (Tc) of Medium Soil
which is 0.6 s. Therefore, value of C shall be determined from response spectrum
graphics for T = 1.095 s.
And, for Staad analysis, Tuser shall be manually input as value of Ta (1.095 s)

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b) Seismic Base Shear X and Z direction (based on SNI)

X Direction:
0.54
Tx := 1.095 Cx := = 0.493
Tx
Rx := 6.5 Ix := 1.4
Cx Ix
Vx = Wt Vx = 0.1062 Wt
Rx

Z Direction:
0.54
Tz := 1.095 Cz := = 0.493
Tz
Rz := 6.5 Iz := 1.4
Cz Iz
Vz = Wt Vz = 0.1062 Wt
Rz

c) Base Shears Comparison

Based on both results above, seismic base shear factor (CI/R) which is manually calculated
based on SNI is the same with base shear factor (UBC factor) which is generated by Staad.
In this case, load factor for seismic to be applied on Staad is equal to 1.0.

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3.6 EQUIPMENT LOAD
Equipment Load List :

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3.2 LOAD COMBINATION

These load combinations are used for Allowable Stress Design (ASD) method for steel
design and
for foundation stability check.

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These load combinations are used for Strength Design Method (concrete reinforcements)

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4 DESIGN ANALYSIS
4.1 STEEL DESIGN SUMMARY

4.1.1 Main Column


Section property : H 600x200x11x17
Location : Grid Line 9 / C
Critical member no : 1106
Ratio : 0.953
Clause : AISC-H1-1 (Combined action, Axial + Biaxial Bending)
Load Combination No : 116, 0.752D+0.752L+0.752(WX-)+0.752E(0)

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4.1.2 FL +5500, Secondary Beam

Section property : H 350x200x11x17


Location : Grid Line 12' / D to E
Critical Member : 1412
Ratio : 0.997
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (small Axial Tension & Bending)
Load Combination : 110, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CR(O)

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4.2.3 FL +5500, Main Beam

Section Property : H 500x200x10x16


Location : Grid Line C / 11 to 12
Critical Member : 1554
Ratio : 0.908
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (small axial tension + bending)
Load Combination No. : 119, 0.833D+0.417L+0.833E(T)+1CraneLoad

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4.2.4 FL +9400, Secondary Beam

Section Property : H 250x125x6x9


Location :
Critical Member : 2262
Ratio :
Clause : AISC-H1-3 (axial compression + bending)
Load Combination No. : 109, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CraneLoad

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4.2.5 FL +9400, Main Beam

Section property : H 700x300x13x24


Location : Grid Line 5' / A to B
Critical member : 2240
Ratio : 0.773
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (axial tension + bending)
Load Combination No. : 109, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CraneLoad

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4.2.6 FL +10000, Secondary Beam

Section property : H 250x125x6x9


Location : Grid Line 7' / B to C
Critical member : 2999
Ratio : 0.761
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (axial tension + bending
Load Combination No. : 109, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CraneLoad

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4.2.7 FL +10000, Main Beam

Section property : H 600x200x11x17


Location : Grid Line C1 / 8' to 9
Critical member : 2808
Ratio : 0.945
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (axial tension + bending)
Load Combination No. : 118

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4.2.8 Rafter at Roof-1 (FL +19025 top of roof)

Section profile : H 350x175x7x11


Location : Rafter at Grid Line 12 / A to B
Critical member : 3847
Ratio : 0.954
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (axial tension + bending moment)
Load Combination No. : 114, 0.752D+0.752L+(0.2256VX-)+(0.752VZ-)+0.752E(S)

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4.2.9 Rafter at Roof-2 (FL +25200 top of roof)

Section property : H 500x200x10x16 (tappered)


Location : Rafter at line 6a / E to F
Critical member : 5862
Ratio : 0.879
Clause : AISC-H1-3 (axial compresion + bending)
Load Combination No. : 110, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CraneLoad

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4.2.10 Rafter at Roof-3 (FL +29325 top of roof)

Section property : H 500x200x10x16


Location : Valley Rafter at Line E / 12 to 13
Critical member : 5955
Ratio : 0.982
Clause : AISC-H1-2 (axial compression + bending)
Load Combination No. : 112, 0.752D+0.752L+0.752E(O)+(0.2256VX+)+(0.752VZ+)

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4.2.11 Crane beams

Section property : H 700x300x13x24


Location : Grid Line B / 8 to 9
Critical member : 5235
Ratio : 0.369
Clause : AISC-H2-1 (axial compression + bending moment)
Load Combination No. : 113, 0.752D+0.752L+0.752E(O)+(0.2655VX-)+(0.752VZ-)

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4.2.12 Beam at platforms

Section property : H 250x125x6x9


Location : Platform line 5 / B' to C
Critical member : 2091
Ratio : 0.935
Clause : AISC-H1-3 (small axial compression + bending)
Load Combination No. : 116, 0.752D+0.752L+0.752E(O)+0.752WX-

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4.2.13 Post columns

Section profile : H 400x200x8x13


Location : Post at frame line 7 / C'
Critical member : 1923
Ratio : 0.981
Clause : AISC-H1-1 (axial compression + bending)
Load Combination No. : 116, 0.752D+0.752L+0.752E(O)+0.752WX-

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4.2.14 Vertical Bracing

Section profile : 2C 125x65x6


Location : Bracing at line E / 6 to 7
Critical member : 1079
Ratio : 0.979
Clause : TENSION
Load Combination No. : 101, 0.752D+0.752E(O)+(0.752VX)+(0.2655VZ-)

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4.2.15 Roof bracing

Section profile : D25 deform rebar


Location : Bracing at roof-2, line 12 to 13
Critical member : 5760
Ratio : 0.973
Clause : TENSION
Load Combination No. : 109, 1D+1L+1E(O)+1CraneLoad

note:
In Staad Pro, we can define round bar as a prismatic (CIRCLE) section, but Staad CAN NOT carry
out check and design on a prismatic section. Alternatively, round bar can be defined as a PIPE, with
outer diameter is equal to rebar diameter, and inner diameter is a half of outer diameter, so the PIPE
section is solid like a rebar. Staad is able to check the PIPE section.

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4.2 DEFLECTION & SWAY CONTROL

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Attachment - A
STAAD INPUT & OUTPUT
Attachment - B
ENGINEERING DRAWING