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AR-SERIES

ADVANCED RECORDER

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Solid-State Voice, Data & Combined Recording Systems
for
Military and Helicopter Applications

Honeywell, Inc.
AR_OVERVIEW.DOC 4/99
Rev. - 1

Inc. and other weight sensitive installations.DOC 4/99 Rev. The Solid State technology combines the extremely high reliability of integrated circuit technology with the most advanced protective enclosure and is based on more than 45 years experience in the industry. AR Recorder Product Family The AR-Series Recorder is available in several configurations. lightweight recorder that requires no mounting rack or cockpit mounted control panel. Inc. The AR-Series is a small. Solid State Advanced Recorder (AR) family is designed specifically for use in military aircraft. . 2 . as shown below: • Cockpit Voice Recorder only (AR-CVR) • Flight Data Recorder only (AR-FDR) • Combined Digital Voice and Data Recorder (AR-DVDR) VOICE DATA Model Type # Channels Record Data Rate Record Duration Input Duration AR-30 3 crew + 1 Area 30 Minute AR-120 3 crew + 1 Area 120 Minute AR-64 64wps 25 Hour AR-128 128wps 25 Hour AR-256 256wps 25 Hour AR-301C 3 crew + 1 Area 30 Minute 64wps 25 Hour AR-302C 3 crew + 1 Area 30 Minute 128wps 25 Hour AR-304C 3 crew + 1 Area 30 Minute 256wps 25 Hour AR-601C 3 crew + 1 Area 60 Minute 64wps 10 Hour AR-602C 3 crew + 1 Area 60 Minute 128wps 10 Hour AR-604C 3 crew + 1 Area 60 Minute 256wps 10 Hour AR-201C 3 crew + 1 Area 120 Minute 64wps 25 Hour AR-202C 3 crew + 1 Area 120 Minute 128wps 25 Hour AR-204C 3 crew + 1 Area 120 Minute 256wps 25 Hour AR-501C 3 crew + 1 Area 120 Minute Mil-Std-1553 25 Hour Honeywell. helicopters. AR_OVERVIEW. including the mature Air Transport Solid State Cockpit Voice (SSCVR) and Flight Data Recorder (SSFDR) products.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description The Honeywell.

the AR Series includes provisions in anticipation of future legislation: • Recording of digital data linked air traffic control messages Interface provisions include: ! One wideband and two or three narrow-band audio channels ! ARINC 717. spare ARINC 429 inputs (for future CNS/ATM recording) ! Analog and digital maintenance and status outputs Honeywell. or Mil-Std-1553 data input ! Rotor tachometer input ! GMT (ARINC-429) optional input ! Two. Inc. .DOC 4/99 Rev. 3 .ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description Crash Survivable Memory Unit Underwater Locator Beacon Controller. Power Supply & Status Annunciator Interface Board Mounting Flange Aircraft Interface Connector Figure 1: AR-Series System. These specifications are: • EUROCAE Documents ED-56a/ED-55 • FAA Technical Standard Order TSO C-123a and C-124a • ARINC-747 and ARINC-757 In addition. Major Features This equipment satisfies the most recent FAA and EUROCAE Minimum Operational Performance Specifications (MOPS) for Cockpit Voice and/or Flight Data Recorders. ARINC 429. AR_OVERVIEW.

Inc.Series Recorder. Major Aircraft Interfaces Honeywell. 4 .ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description R em ote A rea M ic (P ream pllifie d) Area M ic. (W B aud io) P ilot M ic. F req . #2 A R S eries C rew M br/P A M ic. #3 R eco rd er (O ptional) N B au dio A ud io R ot.DOC 4/99 Rev. R o to r D ata T acho m eter T riaxia l A ccele ro m eter F D R D ata -429 1553 AR IN C -717 o r A R IN C -42 9 O ther F ligh t D ata S o urces F light D ata A cq uisition U nit Figure 2: AR. #1 C o-pilot M ic. . AR_OVERVIEW.

not including the ULB ♦ “On demand” maintenance only – no calibration requirements ♦ Low weight – 8. AR_OVERVIEW. .0 AR-SERIES DESIGN OVERVIEW All AR-Series Recorders are of non-ARINC form factor in order to minimize the total installation cost and weight. 5 .8 pounds (no mounting rack required) ♦ Field repair . Inc. which includes three (3) Shop Replaceable Units (SRU's). as depicted in Figure 3: ♦ Interface and Controller Board (ICB) ♦ 28Vdc Power Supply (PS) ♦ Crash Survivable Memory Unit (CSMU) The AR-Series Recorders utilize a small. State of the art high-density FLASH memory devices are combined with the use of mature industry standard audio digitization and encoding integrated circuits (ICs). The mounting of the ULB also facilitates easy access for replacement of its battery. ♦ Useful life in excess of 20 years. an Underwater Locating Beacon (ULB) is attached to the CSMU by four (4) mounting. In addition the Pre-amplification and Signal Conditioning functions of the Microphone Monitor (Control unit) have been incorporated within the recorder Chassis.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 1.DOC 4/99 Rev. performance. The CSMU may be removed from its mounting shelf by simply removing four bolts and releasing its mating connector. Crash Survivable Memory Unit (CSMU) Chassis Power Supply Interface & Interface Controller Connector Board (non-ARINC) Figure 3: AR-Series Exploded View Showing Major SRUs Low Cost of Ownership Honeywell’s AR-series recorders provide high quality. to avoid separation in the event of an incident.only 3 SRUs allow for simple repair ♦ Five-year warranty – standard Honeywell. In addition to the described SRUs. ♦ High Reliability (MTBF) In excess of 50. modular crash survivable memory unit (CSMU) for protection of the solid state memory.000 hours field operation anticipated – based on mature SSCVR/SSFDR. lightweight. reliability and support.

6 . Inc. and its modular fashion allows SRU replacement for ease of repair with an estimated Mean Time to Repair (MTTR) of 30 minutes. Honeywell. which requires battery replacement approximately every 6 years).ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description No scheduled periodic maintenance or servicing is required during the life of AR products (except for the TSO C- 121 approved ULB. .DOC 4/99 Rev. AR_OVERVIEW. The AR series has been designed to detect and isolate errors to the Shop Replaceable Unit (SRU) level.

erase. and memory resolution meet the improved audio performance requirements of ED-56a. ICB functions include. control of all states and modes of the system. thereby assuring the highest level of audio recording fidelity. The flight data input circuits meet ARINC-717/747 interface requirements with the FDAU and Mil-Std-1553 redundant buss requirements. FDR/DVDR Data recording is accomplished in the same manner as previous Honeywell Solid State FDRs. thereby providing several advantages to the user: • The equipment will work identically without regard to special FDAU sync patterns. • Maintenance and troubleshooting of complex compression algorithms are avoided.DOC 4/99 Rev. This approach provides several advantages to the user: • The audio digitization and encoding have been matured through widespread use in consumer equipment. . Narrow Band Audio Processing (150 to 3500 Hz) Internal System Mic.723 CCITT. The audio circuits. 7 . audio signal digitization and encoding. nor is a specific aircraft database required. Honeywell. and test. that is. and in current Honeywell SSCVR units. and performing functions such as record. Flag Status Flag Status Relays Status Flag Figure 4: Interface Controller Board Block Diagram A key element of the AR-Series design is that the audio recording uses an industry standard encoding method (G. front end data conditioning. Flag Logic Relays Maint.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 2. 24kbs). the Interface and Control Board (ICB). AMP CODEC ADPCM PACKER Input XFMR Wide Band Audio Processing (150 to 6000 Hz) ARINC-429 DRVR Tx Output 4-Chan. Ch #2 XFMR AMP Audio CODEC ADPCM PACKER Input CSMU Mic. AR_OVERVIEW. thus decoding/playback tools are inexpensive and commercially available . Inc. • The encoding algorithm is extensively used in personal computer based high quality audio systems.0 AR-SERIES OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW All AR-Series processing and control is performed on a single plug-in circuit board. -429 System Controller XCVR ARINC-429 Rx Input (4 Channels) -422 GBE I/O 80C196 MicroController XCVR RS-422 ARINC-429 4-Channel XCVR 20 MHz Embedded Program 32K Bytes Rotor Tach. without data synchronization or compression. Ch #3 XFMR AMP Industry CODEC ADPCM Buffers Input CSMU XFMR Memory Standard Bus Area Mic. Ch #1 AMP CODEC Control Bus ADPCM Input Mic. • Recording duration does not vary with aircraft flight profile. F/V Frequency RCVR Convertor Input Rotor Tach F/V Convertor Mil-Std-1553 Interface ARINC-717 Interface Bus A RCVR 1553 Bus B Bi-0 Input RCVR Interface FDAU FDAU Logic RTADDR Bi-0 Output Interface Status Maint. digitization/compression process. Figure 4 provides a simplified block diagram of the ICB.

combined with the small form factor.8 Pounds typical • Power Dissipation: 8 Watts typical.0 AR-SERIES PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Recognizing that the AR-Series will be installed on aircraft where space and weight is at a premium.DOC 4/99 Rev. The AR- Series is sufficiently robust that it may be hard mounted (i. . Inc.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 3.49” L x 5.88” W x 5.75” H • Connector: Circular. This. not rack type MS27508E16F35A (55 pins) (mates with MS27473T16F35S) • Weight: 8. +28VDC only • Cooling Method: Convection and Radiation to Ambient Air Figure 5: AR-SERIES Mechanical Interface Features (AR-FDR/DVDR shown) Honeywell. 8 . no tray required • Dimensions: 9. allows more latitude in mounting location on the aircraft. The physical characteristics of the unit are: • Mounting: Direct to shelf/Structure. AR_OVERVIEW. a shock/vibration isolation tray is not required).e.

11 msec. Inc. 10 Hours Deep Sea Pressure 20. drop from 10 feet Static Crush 5000 lbs. and M Helicopter Curves N and V Shock Operational: 6g Peak.0 dB minimum (full bandwidth) Speech Transmission Index (STI) . C. Environmental Test Condition DO-160C Category / Limit Temperature: Operating -55°C to +70°C.0. 30 Days Salt Water Immersion 10 Feet. duration Explosion Proofness Category E1 Waterproofness Category X Fluids Susceptibility Category X.. 60 or 120 minutes Flight Data . Category D2 Short-Term Operating +70°C.000 BTU’s.85 min (area) Cockpit Area Microphone Preamplifier Integrated Into Recorder Honeywell.000 Hz) Audio Quality Per ED-56a:- (S/N+D) . Category D2 Humidity Severe Environment. TSO-C123a /C-124a Impact Shock 3400g’s.000 Feet.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 4.5 msec.5 VDC) Voltage Spike Category A Audio Frequency-Conducted Category A Induced Signal Susceptibility Category Z RF Susceptibility Category V Emission of RF Engergy Category Z Lightning Induced Transients Category A2C2 Lightning Direct Effects Category X Icing Category X Crash Survivability Testing per ED-56 Revision A. Category B Vibration: Aircraft Curves B. 6.0 AR-SERIES ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS The AR-Series has been fully qualified to meet the environmental service conditions for rack mounted equipment per DO-160C as outlined below.DOC 4/99 Rev. Category D2 Non-Operating -55°C to +85°C. L. FDR or DVDR. 60 Minutes Low Temperature Fire 260°C. 9 . 50. Category D2 Altitude +50. These conditions have been selected to assure its failure free use virtually on all aircraft and helicopters which require use of a CVR.75 min (voice) 0. 30 Days Fluid Susceptibility / Immersion Per ED-56a Performance Characteristics Recording Duration Cockpit Voice – 30.10 or 25 Hours Audio Input Channel Impedance > 10K Ohms Audio Output (Monitor) Impedance < 600 Ohms Channel Frequency Spectrum 3 Narrow Band (150-3500 Hz) 1 Cockpit Area Microphone (150 – 6. 11 msec. AR_OVERVIEW.24. duration Crash Safety: 15g Peak. .000 Feet MSL. 5 minute duration High Temperature Fire 1100°C. duration (half-sine) Penetration Resistance 500 lbs. (Meets ED-56a Requirements) Sand and Dust Category X Fungus Resistance Category F Salt Spray Category X Magnetic Effect Category A Power Input Category A (22 to 29.

AR_OVERVIEW. CSMU Casing Memory Board Thermal Liner Thermal Protection Material Figure 6: CSMU Cutaway View Showing Major Features The CSMU is easily removed from the top of the AR-Series chassis without having to disassemble the remainder of the unit. which not only contributes to its industry leading survivability characteristics.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 5. there is no need to deal with the sticky thermal jells or special insulating fluids. 10 . The superior performance of the CSMU is the result of 45 years experience with designing and producing protective enclosures ! Impact shock of 3400Gs ! 500 lbs.000 feet for a period of 30 days ! Salt water immersion at a depth of 10 feet for a period of 30 days As shown in Figure 6. dropped from 10 feet ! High temperature fire exposure in excess of 60 minutes ! Low temperature fire exposure of 260oC for a period of 10 hours ! Deep water immersion at a depth of 20. but also assures a high degree of maintainability.0 AR-SERIES CRASH PROTECTION DESIGN The AR Series Recorder has a crash survivable memory unit (CSMU) designed to ensure complete data recovery when subjected to the crash survivable requirements of ED-56A. . as shown below.DOC 4/99 Rev. The CSMU uses modular "dry-block" materials for both the insulating liner and thermal mass. Inc. a very simple package design has been achieved. Honeywell.

and is provided with flying leads. . AR_OVERVIEW.0 REMOTE AREA Microphone Design Overview In order to reduce weight and cockpit panel space requirements the AR-Series recorders have incorporated the Pre-amplification and Signal Conditioning functions of the Microphone Monitor (Control unit) within the recorder chassis. Inc. which meets the requirements of ED-56A and TSO C-123a.000 Hz Signal to Noise Ratio 48dB. Therefore the optional Erase.DOC 4/99 Rev. is a small device intended for location in the cockpit ambient audio environment.000 Hz <10% at 120dB SPL at 10. Headphone and Status functions may be provided on a separate Status Panel.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 6. as shown in Figure 7.000 Hz • Weight 3. Test. The area microphone.120dB SPL Harmonic Distortion < 5% at 90dB SPL over 150 to 8. at the installers’ discretion. 95 . 11 .5 ounces maximum Honeywell. Figure 7: Area Microphone – Flying Leads • Input Power (supplied by Recorder) +5 Vdc ± 1 Vdc • Current: 300µµA maximum • Audio Characteristics: Frequency Response 150 Hz to 10.

#3 Download Playback (4-Ch. Playback Program Audio Board #1. Honeywell.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 7. 12 . Inc.DOC 4/99 Rev. AR-DVDR and SSFDR may be accomplished via the RS-422 interface located on the front face of the unit using a PCMCIA memory cartridge as the data transfer medium. discrete interfaces. and Mil-Std-1553 interface channels necessary to test the AR-Series functions. AR_OVERVIEW. The PATS also contains up to 3 commercial dual-channel digital-audio boards. return-to-service and diagnostic software for the AR-CVR. and for audio output (to speakers) during playback. Full audio playback of all recorded information is provided. Playback and Test Station (PATS) The PATS is a PC-based workstation which includes Windows-based acceptance test. Since the "TEST" function does not preserve the data contained in the recording memory. Digital Audio I/O) Application S/W Application S/W GBE I/B Audio #1 RS-422 Audio #2 P/B Board Data/Audio Storage GBE I/B RS-422 Audio #1 ARINC-429 P/B Board Mil-Std-1553 GBE I/B 429/422 "TEST" Application S/W Data/Audio Storage Playback and Test Station TEST Program PCMCIA Drive Download/Test Cable "AFW" Analysis S/W Data/Database Storage AR-Series Data Analysis (DVDR) Figure 11: AR-Series Playback and Test System Configuration Hand-Held Download Unit (HHDLU) On-aircraft data download of the AR-FDR. AR-DVDR and SSCVR. AR-FDR. ARINC-429. These are used for audio input/output during CVR audio tests.0 AR-SERIES SYSTEM SUPPORT EQUIPMENT The same family of Ground Support Equipment as their Air Transport predecessors (the SSCVR and SSFDR) supports the AR-Series recorders. including data display of the optional Rotor Speed indication. the PATS operations are segmented into two distinct applications. 25-hour memory capacity models. #2. "Playback" and "TEST". . The PATS is configured with a GBE Interface Board containing the high speed RS-422. in less than 5 minutes for 64-words/second. This provides a level of protection against unintentional erasure or re-write of recorded audio.

This. 1 VDC max). the output will toggle to chassis ground (500 mA max. if the DVDR is removed from the aircraft. Inc.DOC 4/99 Rev. FDR MAINTENANCE FAULT OUTPUT This output is normally short circuited (using a relay) to chassis ground (500 mA max. at the installers’ discretion. DATA INTERFACE The AR-Series data recording is in accordance with ARINC-573/717.ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description 8.000 ohms). Honeywell. Test. AUDIO INTERFACE The area microphone. STATUS PANEL In order to reduce weight and cockpit panel space requirements the AR-Series recorders have incorporated the Pre-amplification and Signal Conditioning functions of the Microphone Monitor (Control unit) within the AR-Series chassis. this output will toggle to an "open" state (>100. combined with the small form factor.0 AR-SERIES INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS MECHANICAL INSTALLATION The Honeywell Solid State Advanced Recorder (AR) family was designed specifically for use in weight sensitive aircraft and helicopters and has the following installation advantages over standard Recorders • small. The Area Microphone is installed using a bracket screwset and requires a simple mounting bracket. Therefore the optional Erase. FAULT and STAUS INDICATIONS The AR-Series Recorders provide the following outputs to an optional cockpit indicator. 1 VDC max). Headphone and Status functions may be provided on a separate Status Panel. CVR MAINTENANCE FAULT OUTPUT This output is normally short circuited (using a relay) to chassis ground (500 mA max. and is provided with flying leads. • lightweight • no mounting rack required • no cooling required • may be mounted in any orientation • cockpit mounted control panel not required • Status panel optional .e. AR_OVERVIEW. allows more latitude in mounting location on the aircraft. FDR STATUS OUTPUT When the DVDR is functioning properly. this output will toggle to an "open" state (>100. which may be manufactured by the installer. This is a pre-amplified device and allows for a greater distance from the Microphone to the AR-Series Recorders.000 ohms). . To minimize the cockpit real estate requirements it is recommended that the operator design (per space requirements) a panel that includes CVR and FDR Fault Status lamps as well as a Headset jack. but if any CVR section(s) of the DVDR malfunction. the FDR Status output is in an "open" state (>100. but if any FDR section(s) of the DVDR malfunction. ARINC-429. is a small device intended for location in the cockpit ambient audio environment. 13 . or if the system power is off. 1 VDC max). a shock/vibration isolation tray is not required) in any orientation . or Mil-Std-1553 and can be interfaced to a Flight Data Acquisition Unit (FDAU). part number 980-6113-010.000 ohms). The AR-Series is sufficiently robust that it may be hard mounted (i. If an internal FDR related error occurs.

Low 15 Co-Pilot's Audio Channel 2 Input . RS-422 RXD(-) 6 (Typical) ATE Rsvd. 16 Chassis Gnd 20 Channel 3 Input . Inc. 10 Phone Jack FDR Rate A or RTADDR-1 29 1 FDR Rate B or RTADDR-2 30 Status Panel Push To Test 47 RTADDR-3 27 Test Switch 1 RTADDR-4 26 Erase CVR Input A 5 Erase CVR Input C 11 ATE Rsvd. 52 (Optional) Relay FDR Data Input .System Interconnection Diagram for DVDR with optional Status Panel Honeywell. 46 Area Mic Signal .ADVANCED RECORDER Product Description (Aircraft Connector MS27473T16F35S) Spare 28 Impact Switch +28VDC Input Power 55 A B +28 VDC Power 5A +28VDC Return 53 +28 VDC Return ARINC-429 Input Low.Pins 30/29. 19 Relay 51 CVR Fault Lamp Rotor Speed .DOC 4/99 Rev. Rotor Speed . RS-422 TXD(-) 1 Open/Gnd=128wps ATE Rsvd.A 41 Or 1553 FDR Status Lamp FDR Data Output .High. RS-422 CTS(-) 21 Erase switch 22 Contacts closed when ATE Rsvd. 14 . 24 -6dB Attenuation 48 -12dB Attenuation 49 -24dB Attenuation 50 Strap as required Splice (4 places) Attenuation 54 Area Mic Signal Shld Gnd. RS-422 RXD(+) 7 1 Pin 30/29 Open/Open=64wps ATE Rsvd. RS-422 TXD(+) 2 Gnd/Open=256wps ATC (ARINC-429) -Low 35 When 1553 . 39 Area Mic Signal . RS-422 CTS(+) ATE Rsvd.Low.A 42 Audio Output (Monitor) . 38 Area Mic +5V Power 37 Area Mic Pwr 45 Area Mic Pwr Shield Gnd. 23 Extra Audio (Optional) Channel 3 Input . 31 ATE present (Gnd =ATE 3 2 Remote Microphone 28Vdc CVR Maint Fault 17 980-6113-010 FDR Maint Fault 18 FDR Status Output . 32 ARINC-429 Input High.B 34 ARINC 717 FDR Data Input . 4 Audio Output (Monitor) .44/43 ATC (ARINC-429) -High 36 provide RT Address selection RTADDR-5 43 1 RTADDR-P 44 2 Recording Stops when input = Ground Figure 9-.Low 8 Pilot's Audio 9 Channel 1 Input - Spare 25 Channel 2 Input . RS-422 RTS(-) 13 Pressure is on Landing Gear Contacts closed when ATE Rsvd. AR_OVERVIEW.B 33 FDR Fault Lamp FDR Data Output .27/26. Rotor Tach. RS-422 RTS(+) 14 (Typical) Parking Brake is Set ATE Rsvd. . 40 12 Spare Channel 1 Input .