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PCare 106: Public Health

Health and Health Organizations

OUTLINE:

I. Health / Overview

II. Global Health Organizations

A. WHO

B. Other Global Health Organization

III. Department of Health

A.Component Programs

IV. Top Ten Achievements of Public Health in 21st Century

I. Health

Health - defined by WHO in 1948 as “a state of complete physical, mental,
and social well-being including emotional and spiritual and not
merely the absence of of disease or infirmity to lead a socially
and economically productive life.”

Determinants of Health:
I. The Health Field Concept
A. Human Biology - genetic transfer of good and defective traits
B. Environment - external factors (food, water, climate,
microorganisms)
C. Lifestyle Behavior - smoking, alcoholism, unsafe sexual practice
D. Health Care Organization - availability of health service

II. The Ecological Perspective
A. Physical Determinants - geography, environment, and industrial
development.
B. Socio-cultural Determinants - beliefs, traditions, social customs in
the community, economy, politics and religion.
C. Community Organizations - community size, arrangement and
distribution of resources
D. Behavioral Determinants - individual behavior and lifestyle affecting
the health of an individual and community

II. Global Health Organizations

ILO. cosponsors UNAIDS. Technical Services: a) Biological standardization and unification of pharmacopoeias b) Collection and dissemination of epidemiological information c) Special international research projects on parasite & viral diseases d) Publication of a series of technical and scientific works WHO Main Functions:  To give worldwide guidance in the field of health  To set global standards for health  To cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programs  To develop and transfer appropriate health technology. a program coordinating the global effort to control the spread of HIV/AIDS. 3. Help meet their basic needs C. United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) . Advisory: a) Aid in training medical personnel b) Disseminate knowledge of diseases 2.directing and coordinating authority on international health work . UNDP.together with WHO and UNICEF. UNESCO. Advocate for the protection of children’s rights B. developed the International Program on Chemical Safety . World Bank .together with WHO. UNEP .responsible for helping all people to attain the highest possible levels of health Services: 1.an integral part of the UN system mandated to: A. Other Global Health Organizations 1. Expand their opportunities to reach their maximum potential 2.PCare 106: Public Health Health and Health Organizations A. information and standards B. World Health Organization (WHO) .

the principal health agency in the Philippines .responsible for ensuring access to basic public health services of all Filipinos through: A) Provision of quality health care B) Regulation of providers of health goods and services . Department of Health . established the “CODEX Alimentarius Commission” to implement the FAO/WHO ‘FAO Standards Programme’ 5. FAO with WHO.performs collaborative work with WHO for the eradication of polio 6.PCare 106: Public Health Health and Health Organizations 4. National Center for Disease Prevention and Control (NCDPC) Offices:  TB Control Service  Malaria Control Service  Schistosomiasis Control Service  Communicable Disease Control Service  Non-communicable Disease Service  Environmental Health Service  Maternal and Child Health Service  Family Planning Service  Nutrition Service  Dental Health Service III. Rotary International .