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PCare 106: Public Health

Health and Health Organizations


I. Health / Overview

II. Global Health Organizations


B. Other Global Health Organization

III. Department of Health

A.Component Programs

IV. Top Ten Achievements of Public Health in 21st Century

I. Health

Health - defined by WHO in 1948 as “a state of complete physical, mental,
and social well-being including emotional and spiritual and not
merely the absence of of disease or infirmity to lead a socially
and economically productive life.”

Determinants of Health:
I. The Health Field Concept
A. Human Biology - genetic transfer of good and defective traits
B. Environment - external factors (food, water, climate,
C. Lifestyle Behavior - smoking, alcoholism, unsafe sexual practice
D. Health Care Organization - availability of health service

II. The Ecological Perspective
A. Physical Determinants - geography, environment, and industrial
B. Socio-cultural Determinants - beliefs, traditions, social customs in
the community, economy, politics and religion.
C. Community Organizations - community size, arrangement and
distribution of resources
D. Behavioral Determinants - individual behavior and lifestyle affecting
the health of an individual and community

II. Global Health Organizations

ILO. cosponsors UNAIDS. Technical Services: a) Biological standardization and unification of pharmacopoeias b) Collection and dissemination of epidemiological information c) Special international research projects on parasite & viral diseases d) Publication of a series of technical and scientific works WHO Main Functions:  To give worldwide guidance in the field of health  To set global standards for health  To cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programs  To develop and transfer appropriate health technology. a program coordinating the global effort to control the spread of HIV/AIDS. 3. Help meet their basic needs C. United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) . Advisory: a) Aid in training medical personnel b) Disseminate knowledge of diseases 2.directing and coordinating authority on international health work . UNDP.together with WHO and UNICEF. UNESCO. Advocate for the protection of children’s rights B. developed the International Program on Chemical Safety . World Bank .together with WHO. UNEP .responsible for helping all people to attain the highest possible levels of health Services: integral part of the UN system mandated to: A. Other Global Health Organizations 1. Expand their opportunities to reach their maximum potential 2.PCare 106: Public Health Health and Health Organizations A. information and standards B. World Health Organization (WHO) .

the principal health agency in the Philippines .responsible for ensuring access to basic public health services of all Filipinos through: A) Provision of quality health care B) Regulation of providers of health goods and services . Department of Health . established the “CODEX Alimentarius Commission” to implement the FAO/WHO ‘FAO Standards Programme’ 5. FAO with WHO.performs collaborative work with WHO for the eradication of polio 6.PCare 106: Public Health Health and Health Organizations 4. National Center for Disease Prevention and Control (NCDPC) Offices:  TB Control Service  Malaria Control Service  Schistosomiasis Control Service  Communicable Disease Control Service  Non-communicable Disease Service  Environmental Health Service  Maternal and Child Health Service  Family Planning Service  Nutrition Service  Dental Health Service III. Rotary International .