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COLD STORAGE FOR

VEGETABLES
DESIGN AND COST ESTIMATION

MANOJ PAUDEL
9/3/2014

Total Refrigeration Load is sum of 1) Transmission Load 2) Infiltration Load 3) Equipment Load 4) Product Load . Please refer the drawing. Design ambient temperature: 350C Cold room temperature: 20C Cold room humidity: 90% The room is insulated with 1 inch thick polystyrene (thermocol) in three sides and partitioned with plywood and 4 inch thick polystyrene in one side. Client Requirements: 250 kg of vegetables to be brought and stored in a room of size 12 ft x 9 ft.8 TR of cooling load and electricity input of 0. which results in 0. The design is done according to the guidelines of 2006 ASHRAE Handbook Refrigeration.75 kW. The design is done for 250 kg per shipment.This paper presents the design of cold storage for vegetable as per the requirement of Mr. Ujjwal. Design Method For the calculation of cooling load following temperature and humidity parameters are selected.

2 and 3 w1 refrigerated space 3 3 3 4 plywood thermocol 4 4 WALL 4 300 600 1000 passage 1000 rack rack 2425 600 rack 1200 door Layout of Cold Store . brick 2 cement + sand motorcycle wash room plaster w2 2 Polystyrene 1 1 1 2 (Thermocol) WALL 1.

.3 400 0. .0961538 0.03 25 0.136 Ceiling thermocol 0. 0.12 plaster 0.96 5 0.8333333 Outside air film . . 0. .1388889 brick 1.12 Overall 555 1.12 glass 0.5429915 Inside air film .0785417 . .125 Outside air film .03 25 0.116 Wall 1 thermocol 0.114 Wall 2 thermocol 0.135 Wall 3 thermocol 0.270 0.03 100 3.163 Overall 30 1.16 Overall 1.72 100 0. .03 25 0.8333333 Outside air film .6983333 Inside air film .3 125 0. 0. 0.72 100 0. 0.8333333 Outside air film .0052083 w1 thermocol 0.8333333 Outside air film .12 0.8333333 Outside air film 0.3 430 0.03 25 0. k resistance mm (SI) (IP) (W/m K) Inside air film .72 100 0.03 25 0. .2922222 Inside air film 0. . 0.1388889 brick 1. .1388889 brick 1.1388889 0. 0.927 0.048 Wall 4 plywood 0.774 0.72 100 0.3083761 Inside air film .5199145 Inside air film .12 Overall 115 3.12 Overall 250 1.12 Overall 525 1. 0. REFRIGERATION SYSTEM DESIGN Phase I: Cooling Load Calculation Calculation of U-Value thermal thickness U-Value U-Value Particulars Components conductivity.12 15 0. 0. 0.648 0.16 RCC slab 0.12 plaster 0.12 thermocol 0.3076923 0.3307692 0.658 0.764 0. .3333333 0.12 plaster 0.

07 108 108 55 415.135 81 81 55 601. (BTU/hr) Windows W1 0.136 108 108 55 807.5 55 517.84 Floor Hor. Transmission Load Project: __________________Room : ____________ Month June Latitude 28 N WB RH DB (F) (F) (%) W' Time 1400 Design Out 95 DR 10 Conditions IN 35 90 Average 90 A.sq.5 55 354.25 (glass + 2 inch thermocol) W2 0.275 Walls 3 0.1 25.5 55 140.5 55 140.048 108 108 55 285.5 25.12 Roof/Ceiling Hor.1 25.114 108 82. ft CLTD.425 4 0. 0.8 Total Transmission Load 3262.09 2 0.5 25.25 1 0. 0. U Gross Net Table Corr.5 .116 81 55. F SCL Conduction Dir.

97.Infiltration Load Door width 0.12)1.015 0.27) (9.12⁄1.12 kg/m3 Density (dr) 1.97 × 0.015 = 0.7 Effectiveness factor 0 Using above formulae we get Fm = 0. Dt = 0.5 𝑞 = 0.7 × 0.5 0.8(305.36 𝑘𝑊 Total Infiltration Load = 1230 Btu/Hr .27 kg/m3 Doorway flow factor (Df) 0.22 kJ/kg Enthalpy (hr) 275.22 − 275.12 kJ/kg Density (di) 1.81 × 2)0.27(1 − 1.9 m Door height(H) 2m Enthalpy (hi) 305.221 × 1.

458 kJ/kg = 1563 Btu/hr Equipment Load 𝑞(𝐵𝑡𝑢⁄ℎ𝑟) = 𝑃 (𝑊) × 1.3 Total 2218 Hence we get total cooling load as follows: Transmission Load 3263 Btu/hr Infiltration Load 1230 Btu/hr Equipment Load 2218 Btu/hr Product Load 1563 Btu/hr Total Cooling Load 8274 Btu/hr Load addition for safety (20%) 1655 Btu/hr Design Cooling Load 9929 Btu/hr (~ 0.93 kJ/s. .Product Load: 𝑚𝑐(𝑡𝑖 − 𝑡𝑟 ) 𝑞= 3600ℎ Vegetable in flow Mass (m) 250 kg Specific heat capacity (c ) 4 kJ/kg.000 Btu/hr or 2.412 Equipment Rated Power Cooling Load required (Btu/hr) Evaporator Fan 100-300W 1706 Light 50-100W 426.25 × 3.83TR) So we design the refrigeration system for the load of 10.5 Control Equipments 10-20 W 85.K Temperature difference (ti – tr) 33 Cooling time (h) 20 Product Load 0.

74 kPa Discharge Pressure (P2 = P3) = 950 kPa Now.51 kJ/kg Refrigerant Mass flow rate = q/(h1 – h4 ) = 0.688 kW ~ 1 hp .93 kW). from table (Cengel and Boles) : h1 = 244.27 kJ/kg h3 = 104.51 kJ/kg h2 = 277.83 TR (2.Phase II: Refrigeration Equipment Design Refrigerant Selected: R134a Operating Temperature: -10 degree Celsius to 44 degree Celsius [The properties of refrigerant R134a are obtained from Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach by Cengel and Boles] The refrigerant cycle is analyzed for a refrigeration capacity of 0.021 kg/s Compressor capacity = mass flow rate x (h2 – h1) = 0. Evaporator temperature = -10 degree Celsius Condenser temperature = 44 degree Celsius Suction Pressure (P1 = P4) = 200.51 kJ/kg h4 = 104.

air cooled (with fan) Condenser Capacity 3.74 kPa Type Thermostatic Expansion Valve Piping: 22 mm/28 mm diameter pipes for suction line.74 kPa Type Forced convection.63 kW (~1.04 TR choose 1.74 kPa Compressor Discharge Pressure 950 kPa Compressor Capacity 0.688 kW ( choose 1 HP) Condenser Sizing Condenser Pressure 950 kPa Type Forced convection. ( optimum temperature of room: 2 degree Celsius to 8 degree Celsius) . discharge line and liquid line Control Equipments: For temperature and humidity control : Should sense temperature and on or off the evaporator fan and/or compressor as required.84 TR choose 1 TR) Expansion Device: Pressure to be decreased From 950 kPa to 200.Compressor Sizing: Compressor Suction Pressure 200. air cooled ( with fan) Evaporator Capacity 2.94 kW (~0.2 TR) Evaporator Sizing: Evaporator Pressure 200.

COST ESTIMATION Particulars Cost Installation Cost Room Construction Vegetable Rack Refrigeration System Total Operating Cost (Electricity Consumption) Compressor 15 kWh(units)/ day Fan (Evaporator and Condenser) Control Equipments Light Total .